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Heavy metal screen

Shan-Shan Li, Wen-Yi Zhou, Min Jiang, Zheng Guo, Jinhuai Liu, Lizhi Zhang, Xing-Jiu Huang
Developing a new ultra-sensitive interface to detect As(III) is highly desirable because of its seriously toxic and low concentration in drinking water. Recently, Fe3O4 nanoparticles of high adsorption toward As(III) become very promising to be such an interface, which is still limited by the poor understanding of their surface physicochemical properties. Herein, we report that dumbbell-like Au/Fe3O4 nanoparticles, when being modified the screen-printed carbon electrode, can serve as an efficient sensing interface for As(III) detection with an excellent sensitivity of 9...
March 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
R Arunadevi, R Susila, S Murugammal, S Divya
BACKGROUND: Increasing popularity of Mathan Tailam (mattan tailam, pachai ennai) for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer necessitated standardization and quality control of this medicated oil both in large scale production and quality check in marketed drug. OBJECTIVE: Present study aims to develop standard operating procedure for the preparation of Mathan Tailam as per Siddha Formulary of India and its standardization using suitable analytical techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mathan Tailam was prepared as per Siddha Formulary of India...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Soumik Mitra, Krishnendu Pramanik, Anumita Sarkar, Pallab Kumar Ghosh, Tithi Soren, Tushar Kanti Maiti
Bacteria-mediated plant growth promotion and bioremediation of heavy metal containing soil is a widely accepted eco-friendly method. The present study is aimed to screen out cadmium resistant bacterial strain from metal contaminated rice rhizosphere and evaluate its effects on the growth of rice seedlings under cadmium stress. Among four different isolates (designated as S1, S2, S3 and S5), the S2 isolate was screened on the basis of different PGP traits and multi heavy metal resistance (minimum inhibitory concentration for cadmium, lead and arsenic were 3500, 2500 and 1050 µg/ml respectively)...
March 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Christoph Stephan Schmidt, Libor Mrnka, Tomáš Frantík, Petra Lovecká, Miroslav Vosátka
Putative endophytes of Miscanthus × giganteus were isolated, and screened in the laboratory, greenhouse and field for their plant growth promoting properties in this host. Pantoea ananatis and Pseudomonas savastanoi were the predominant bacteria in leaves whereas other pseudomonads prevailed in roots. Almost all fungal endophytes belonged to the Pezizomycotina and most were isolated from roots; Fusarium oxysporum was most abundant, followed by the genera Periconia, Exophiala, Microdochium and Leptodontidium...
March 13, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Abeer A Alm-Eldeen, Thoria Donia, Salma Alzahaby
Heavy metals are the most dangerous hazards affecting aquatic biota in Egypt specially the Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, which is an important species in commercial fisheries. Some areas were not fully studied to screen the hazards that may affect this economic fish. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the potential hazards of heavy metals on O. niloticus in Al-Gharbiya Governorate in the Middle delta of Egypt. Water and fish samples were collected from Al-Qased canal, Kafr El-Zayaat Nile, El-Maash canal in Al-Gharbiya Governorate plus a reference site which is a fish farm at the Faculty of Agriculture, Damietta University, Damitta Governorate, Egypt...
March 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Peifei Ding, Weifeng Song, Ziheng Yang, Jingyi Jian
Bacillus vallismortis (B. vallismortis), an aerobic heterotrophic bacteria, was screened in a laboratory pilot study, to assess the interaction between the heavy metal Zn(II) and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). The influence of Zn(II) stress on EPS production, component variation, and sorption performance, was investigated. The characteristics of B. vallismortis EPS formed under stress were analyzed using FTIR, 3D-EEM and XPS. EPS was used as an adsorbent and the adsorption capacity and adsorption behavior of EPS formed with and without Zn(II) stress, were compared and assessed...
February 17, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Oluwatosin Gbemisola Oladipo, Obinna Tobechukwu Ezeokoli, Mark Steve Maboeta, Jacobus Johannes Bezuidenhout, Louwrens R Tiedt, Anine Jordaan, Cornelius Carlos Bezuidenhout
Response and growth kinetics of microbes in contaminated medium are useful indices for the screening and selection of tolerant species for eco-friendly bio-augmentative remediation of polluted environments. In this study, the heavy metal (HM) tolerance, bioaccumulation and growth kinetics of seven bacterial strains isolated from mining sites to 10 HMs (Cd, Hg, Ni, Al, Cr, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn) at varied concentrations (25-600 mgL -1 ) were investigated. The isolates were phylogenetically (16S rRNA gene) related to Lysinibacillus macroides, Achromobacter spanius, Bacillus kochii, B...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Amna Bano, Javaid Hussain, Ali Akbar, Khalid Mehmood, Muhammad Anwar, Muhammad Sharif Hasni, Sami Ullah, Sumbal Sajid, Imran Ali
The presence of heavy metals in the environment poses a serious threat to human health. Remediation of this problem using microorganisms has been widely researched to find a sustainable solution. Obligate halophilic fungi comprising Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus gracilis, Aspergillus penicillioides (sp. 1), Aspergillus penicillioides (sp. 2), Aspergillus restrictus and Sterigmatomyces halophilus were used for the biosorption of cadmium, copper, ferrous, manganese, lead and zinc. The metals were supplemented as salts in potato dextrose broth for the growth of obligate halophilic fungi and incubated for 14 days...
February 8, 2018: Chemosphere
F Benstoem, G Becker, J Firk, M Kaless, D Wuest, J Pinnekamp, A Kruse
Activated Carbon (AC) can be used to reduce organic micropollutants (OMPs) in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). While producing ACs conventionally still damages the environment, this can be reduced by using renewable raw material from waste streams und producing AC locally. In this study, fibers (toilet paper) were separated out of wastewater by screening WWTP influents in full scale and then used as a no-cost, carbon-rich and heavy metal-poor raw material to produce ACs. Pretreatment was hydrothermal carbonization (HTC)...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Lin Tang, Wei-Jun Luo, Zhen-Li He, Hanumanth Kumar Gurajala, Yasir Hamid, Kiran Yasmin Khan, Xiao-E Yang
Vegetables are important constituents of the human diet. Heavy metals and nitrate are among the major contaminants of vegetables. Consumption of vegetables and fruits with accumulated heavy metals and nitrate has the potential to damage different body organs leading to unwanted effects. Breeding vegetables with low heavy metal and nitrate contaminants is a cost-effective approach. We investigated 38 water spinach genotypes for low Cd and nitrate co-accumulation. Four genotypes, i.e. JXDY, GZQL, XGDB, and B888, were found to have low co-accumulation of Cd (<0...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Gajanan Mehetre, Manan Shah, Syed G Dastager, Mahesh S Dharne
Hot springs support diverse and interesting groups of microorganisms adapted to extreme conditions and gaining attention in biotechnological applications. However, due to limitations of cultivation methods, a majority of such extremophiles remain uncultivated and unexplored. The advent of multiple cultivation conditions and specialized culture media could possibly aid to access the unexplored microbial portion of hot springs. In the present study, different media and isolation strategies were applied to isolate hitherto unexplored bacterial taxa in the water samples collected from Unkeshwar hot springs, India...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
Zhenyuan Zhu, Qiaoying Song, Fengying Dong
The objective of this study was to investigate the screening, taxonomy characterization, Pb biosorption, and application of the high Pb-resistant fungus F1 separated from the heavy metal contaminated soil. Fungus F1 was screened through metal concentration gradient ranging from 25 to 4000 mg L-1 . The internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of the strain was analyzed by molecular biotechnology. The adsorption conditions were also evaluated. The precipitation of fungus F1 was analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier transformer infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) techniques...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
K Wanigasuriya
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) has emerged as a significant public health problem in Sri Lanka. The role of environmental exposure to cadmium and arsenic in the aetiology of CKDu is still unclear. Identification of a panel of novel urinary biomarkers would be invaluable in the study of toxin mediated damage postulated to be the aetiology of CKDu. Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate the profile of novel urinary biomarkers in CKDu patients and identify any association with environmental exposure to heavy metals...
December 26, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
Morena Marzilli, Patrick Di Santo, Giuseppe Palumbo, Lucia Maiuro, Bruno Paura, Roberto Tognetti, Claudia Cocozza
The present study investigated accumulation, translocation and tolerance of autotrophic Populus alba clone "Villafranca" in response to excess concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and copper (Cu) provided to the plants. For this purpose, increasing concentrations of Cd (0, 5, 50 and 250 μM) and Cu (0, 5, 50, 250 and 500 μM) were administered to the growth medium in which micropropagated poplar plantlets were exposed to metal treatments for 15 days. Filter bags, instead of the conventional in vitro screening, were applied to improve the experimental design...
January 30, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ramasamy Mahendran, Murugesan Thandeeswaran, Gopikrishnan Kiran, Mani Arulkumar, K A Ayub Nawaz, Jayamanoharan Jabastin, Balraj Janani, Thomas Anto Thomas, Jayaraman Angayarkanni
Pterin is a member of the compounds known as pteridines. They have the same nucleus of 2-amino-4-hydroxypteridine (pterin); however, the side-chain is different at the position 6, and the state of oxidation of the ring may exist in different form viz. tetrahydro, dihydro, or a fully oxidized form. In the present study, the microorganisms able to utilize cyanide, and heavy metals have been tested for the efficient production of pterin compound. The soil samples contaminated with cyanide and heavy metals were collected from Salem steel industries, Tamil Nadu, India...
January 29, 2018: Current Microbiology
Chunyi Tong, Chuan Zhao, Bin Liu, Bin Li, Zhaoyang Ai, Jialong Fan, Wei Wang
Except as an important object in theoretical and experimental studies in enzymology, RNase A also plays an important role in the development of many kinds of diseases by regulating various physiological or pathological processes including cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, and invasion et al. Thus, it can be used as a useful biomarker for the disease theranostics. Here, a simple, sensitive and low-cost assay for RNase A was constructed by combining a fluorogenic substrate with reduced graphene oxide (rGO)...
January 25, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Limin Huang, Qiang Jin, Puja Tandon, Aimin Li, Aidang Shan, Jiajie Du
Investigating competitive adsorption on river/lake sediments is valuable for understanding the fate and transport of heavy metals. Most studies have studied the adsorption isotherms of competitive heavy metals, which mainly comparing the adsorption information on the same concentration. However, intrinsically, the concentration of each heavy metal on competitive adsorption sites is different, while the adsorption energy is identical. Thus, this paper introduced the site energy distribution theory to increase insight into the competitive adsorption of heavy metals (Cu, Cd and Zn)...
January 16, 2018: Chemosphere
Yuwei Cong, Haihua Xiao, Hejian Xiong, Zigui Wang, Jianxun Ding, Chan Li, Xuesi Chen, Xing-Jie Liang, Dongfang Zhou, Yubin Huang
Most of the current nanoparticle-based therapeutics worldwide failing in clinical trials face three major challenges: (i) lack of an optimum drug delivery platform with precise composition, (ii) lack of a method of directly monitoring the fate of a specific drug rather than using any other labelling molecules as a compromise, and (iii) lack of reliable cancer models with high fidelity for drug screen and evaluation. Here, starting from a PP2A inhibitor demethylcantharidin (DMC) and cisplatin, the design of a dual sensitive dual drug backboned shattering polymer (DDBSP) with exact composition at a fixed DMC/Pt ratio for precise nanomedicine is shown...
January 19, 2018: Advanced Materials
Yanfeng Zhang, Yuwei Han, Jinxi Yang, Lingyan Zhu, Wenjue Zhong
The occurrence, toxicities, and ecological risks of five heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Cd, Zn and Ni) in the sediment of Taihu Lake were investigated in this study. To evaluate the toxicities caused by the heavy metals, the toxicities induced by organic contaminants and ammonia in the sediments were screened out with activated carbon and zeolite. The toxicities of heavy metals in sediments were tested with benthic invertebrates (tubificid and chironomid). The correlations between toxicity of sediment and the sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) derived previously were evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Jiayi Wang, Yiming Niu, Chi Zhang, Yiqiang Chen
A new micro-plate colorimetric assay was developed for rapid determination of zinc in animal feed, pet food and drinking water. Zinc ion was extracted from sample by trichloroacetic acid and then reacted with 2-(5-Bromo-2-pyridylazo)-5-[N-propyl-N-(3-sulfopropyl)amino]phenol (5-Br-PAPS) to form a Zn-PAPS complex to be detected by a micro-plate reader at 552 nm. An ion masking formula including salicylaldoxime, deferoxamine and sodium citrate were screened and applied to exclude the interference from other heavy metals and a partitioning correction approach was proposed to eliminate the matrix effect derived from feed sample...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
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