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Self-determination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530438/adolescent-perceived-parent-and-teacher-overestimation-of-mathematics-ability-developmental-implications-for-students-mathematics-task-values
#1
Burkhard Gniewosz, Helen M G Watt
This study examines whether and how student-perceived parents' and teachers' overestimation of students' own perceived mathematical ability can explain trajectories for adolescents' mathematical task values (intrinsic and utility) controlling for measured achievement, following expectancy-value and self-determination theories. Longitudinal data come from a 3-cohort (mean ages 13.25, 12.36, and 14.41 years; Grades 7-10), 4-wave data set of 1,271 Australian secondary school students. Longitudinal structural equation models revealed positive effects of student-perceived overestimation of math ability by parents and teachers on students' intrinsic and utility math task values development...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527526/the-responsive-leadership-intervention-improving-leadership-and-individualized-care-in-long-term-care
#2
Sienna Caspar, Anne Le, Katherine S McGilton
The Responsive Leadership Intervention (RLI) is a multi-faceted intervention. We evaluated the influence of the RLI on i) responsive leadership practices by team leaders; ii) health care aides' (HCAs) self-determination; iii) HCAs' perceived ability to provide individualized care. A quasi-experimental repeated measures non-equivalent control group design was used to assess participant outcomes in four long-term care facilities (two control, two intervention) across four time periods. Change from baseline to 1-month post-intervention was greater in the intervention group than control group for Individualized Care (IC) (p = 0...
May 17, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523938/-it-was-like-i-had-to-fit-into-a-category-care-seekers-experiences-of-gender-regulation-in-the-swedish-trans-specific-healthcare
#3
Ida Linander, Erika Alm, Isabel Goicolea, Lisa Harryson
The few previous studies investigating regulation of gender in trans-specific healthcare are mainly based on text material and interviews with care-providers or consist solely of theoretical analyses. There is a lack of studies analysing how the regulation of gender is expressed in the care-seeker's own experiences, especially in a Nordic context. The aim of this study is to analyse narratives of individuals with trans experiences (sometimes called transgender people) to examine how gender performances can be regulated in trans-specific care in Sweden...
May 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522980/acculturation-and-school-adjustment-of-immigrant-youth-in-six-european-countries-findings-from-the-programme-for-international-student-assessment-pisa
#4
Maja K Schachner, Jia He, Boris Heizmann, Fons J R Van de Vijver
School adjustment determines long-term adjustment in society. Yet, immigrant youth do better in some countries than in others. Drawing on acculturation research (Berry, 1997; Ward, 2001) and self-determination theory (Ryan and Deci, 2000), we investigated indirect effects of adolescent immigrants' acculturation orientations on school adjustment (school-related attitudes, truancy, and mathematics achievement) through school belonging. Analyses were based on data from the Programme for International Student Assessment from six European countries, which were combined into three clusters based on their migrant integration and multicultural policies: Those with the most supportive policies (Belgium and Finland), those with moderately supportive policies (Italy and Portugal), and those with the most unsupportive policies (Denmark and Slovenia)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521756/rethinking-physical-activity-communication-using-focus-groups-to-understand-women-s-goals-values-and-beliefs-to-improve-public-health
#5
Michelle Segar, Jennifer M Taber, Heather Patrick, Chan L Thai, April Oh
BACKGROUND: Communication about physical activity (PA) frames PA and influences what it means to people, including the role it plays in their lives. To the extent that PA messages can be designed to reflect outcomes that are relevant to what people most value experiencing and achieving in their daily lives, the more compelling and effective they will be. Aligned with self-determination theory, this study investigated proximal goals and values that are salient in everyday life and how they could be leveraged through new messaging to better support PA participation among women...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521573/students-motivation-toward-feedback-seeking-in-the-clinical-workplace
#6
Lubberta H de Jong, Robert P Favier, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Harold G J Bok
In medical education, students are increasingly regarded as active seekers of feedback rather than passive recipients. Previous research showed that in the intentions of students to seek feedback, a learning and performance goal can be distinguished. In this study, we investigated the intentions (defined as level and orientation of motivation) of different performing students (low, average, and high performing students) to seek feedback in the clinical workplace using Self-Determination Theory. We conducted a quantitative study with students in their clinical clerkships and grouped them based on their performance...
May 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520801/group-participants-experiences-of-a-patient-directed-group-based-education-program-for-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Kate Odgers-Jewell, Elisabeth A Isenring, Rae Thomas, Dianne P Reidlinger
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the experiences of individuals who participated in a group-based education program, including their motivators in relation to their diabetes management, and the perceived impact of group interactions on participants' experiences and motivation for self-management. Understanding individuals diagnosed with diabetes experiences of group-based education for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus may guide the development and facilitation of these programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502541/prolonged-stance-phase-during-walking-in-intermittent-claudication
#8
Lindy N M Gommans, Annemieke T Smid, Marc R M Scheltinga, Ernst Cancrinus, Frans A M Brooijmans, Kenneth Meijer, Joep A W Teijink
BACKGROUND: Patients with intermittent claudication (IC) tend to walk slower and consume approximately 40% more oxygen during walking compared with healthy individuals. An unfavorable locomotion pattern has been suggested to explain this metabolic inefficiency. However, detailed knowledge of gait parameters in IC is lacking. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, the gait pattern of newly diagnosed IC patients was compared with that of healthy controls. Spatiotemporal gait parameters such as step length and duration of stance phase were obtained by a photoelectric technique (OptoGait; Microgate, Bolzano, Italy)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501035/motivation-to-quit-smoking-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#9
Vânia Rocha, Marina Guerra, Marina Lemos, Júlia Maciel, Geoffrey Williams
INTRODUCTION: Self-Determination Theory explores the process through which a person acquires motivation to initiate new behaviours related to health and to maintain them over time. This study aimed to determine the overall fit of Self-Determination Theory Model for Health Behavior to the data obtained from a sample of smokers hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome, and to identify the predictors of smoking status six months after clinical discharge. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 110 participants, regular smokers, hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499785/antecedents-of-basic-psychological-need-satisfaction-of-pharmacy-students-the-role-of-peers-family-lecturers-and-workload
#10
Mariëtta J Basson, Sebastiaan Rothmann
BACKGROUND: Self-determination theory (SDT) provides a model to improve pharmacy students' well-being or functioning in their study context. According to SDT, students need a context that satisfies their needs for autonomy, relatedness and competence in order to function optimally. Contextual factors that could have an impact on a student's functioning are lecturers, family, peers and workload. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether there is a difference between the contributions family, lecturers, peers and workload make towards the satisfaction of pharmacy students' basic psychological needs within a university context...
April 27, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493091/-violence-against-the-elderly-in-domestic-care-settings-short-profile-of-an-interdisciplinary-research-project
#11
REVIEW
Anna Schwedler, Nadine Konopik, Lukas Heber, Marina Wellenhofer, Frank Oswald, Gisela Zenz, Ludwig Salgo
Most elderly people wish to remain and be cared for in their own home. Approximately 1.38 million people in Germany are cared for without professional support. However, domestic care by relatives can be a risk factor for violence against the elderly. This research project deals with the issue from a legal and social sciences perspective. The aim of the project is to develop a regulatory framework providing aid-oriented prevention and intervention in the family care of vulnerable elderly people by public agencies and courts...
May 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491048/both-the-what-and-why-of-youth-sports-participation-matter-a-conditional-process-analysis
#12
Siv Gjesdal, Paul R Appleton, Yngvar Ommundsen
This study builds on previous research combining achievement goal orientation from Achievement Goal Theory and motivational regulation from Self-Determination Theory. The aim was to assess the combination of the "what" and "why" of youth sport activity, and how it relates to the need for competence and self-esteem. Achievement goal orientation, specifically task and ego, was employed to represent the "what", whilst intrinsic and external regulation reflected the "why". Based on a sample of 496 youth sports participants, structural equation modeling with a bootstrapping procedure was used to examine whether the indirect relationship between achievement goal orientation and self-esteem was conditional to motivational regulation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490642/split-arm-swinging-the-effect-of-arm-swinging-manipulation-on-inter-limb-coordination-during-walking
#13
Moshe Bondi, Gabi Zeilig, Ayala Bloch, Alfonso Fasano, Meir Plotnik
Human locomotion is defined by bilateral coordination of gait (BCG) and shared features with the fore-hind limb coordination of quadrupeds. The objective of the present study is to explore the influence of arm swinging (AS) on BCG. Sixteen young healthy individuals (eight females; eight right motor-dominant, eight left-motor dominant) participated. Participants performed 10 walking trials (2 min). In each of the trials AS was unilaterally manipulated (e.g., arm restriction, weight on the wrist) bilaterally manipulated, or not manipulated...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484927/ethical-and-legal-considerations-in-the-management-of-an-unbefriended-patient-in-a-vegetative-state
#14
Alexandra Lloyd-Smith Sequeira, Ariane Lewis
BACKGROUND: Patients without surrogates are referred to as "unbefriended." Because these patients do not have representatives to assist with medical decision-making, patient autonomy and self-determination, fundamental concepts of American healthcare, are jeopardized. METHODS: We present a case of an unbefriended patient in a vegetative state and discuss the ethical and legal complications associated with management of unbefriended patients. RESULTS: An unbefriended patient was admitted to our hospital with a cardiac arrest in the setting of an intracerebral hemorrhage...
May 8, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482895/influence-of-motivation-self-efficacy-and-situational-factors-on-the-teaching-quality-of-clinical-educators
#15
Christoph Dybowski, Susanne Sehner, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Being exposed to good teachers has been shown to enhance students' knowledge and their clinical performance, but little is known about the underlying psychological mechanisms that provide the basis for being an excellent medical teacher. Self-Determination Theory (SDT) postulates that more self-regulated types of motivation are associated with higher performance. Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) focuses on self-efficacy that has been shown to be positively associated with performance...
May 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476118/-it-s-like-a-personal-motivator-that-you-carried-around-wi-you-utilising-self-determination-theory-to-understand-men-s-experiences-of-using-pedometers-to-increase-physical-activity-in-a-weight-management-programme
#16
Craig Donnachie, Sally Wyke, Nanette Mutrie, Kate Hunt
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring using pedometers is an effective behaviour change technique to support increased physical activity (PA). However, the ways in which pedometers operate as motivational tools in adoption and maintenance of PA is not well understood. This paper investigates men's experiences of pedometers as motivational tools both during and after their participation in a 12-week group-based, weight management programme for overweight/obese men, Football Fans in Training (FFIT)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471209/testing-an-integrated-self-determined-work-motivation-model-for-people-with-disabilities-a-path-analysis
#17
Timothy N Tansey, Kanako Iwanaga, Jill Bezyak, Nicole Ditchman
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with disabilities are more likely to live in poverty, have more health issues, and be less likely to be employed than their same-aged peers. Although these issues may be attenuated by vocational rehabilitation services, amotivation and ambivalence to employment can limit the readiness of persons with disabilities to engage in these services. Drawing on self-efficacy, self-determination, and stages of change theories, the purpose of this study was to develop and test an integrated self-determined work motivation model for people with disabilities...
May 4, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467156/the-role-of-intrinsic-motivation-and-the-satisfaction-of-basic-psychological-needs-under-conditions-of-severe-resource-scarcity
#18
Marieke Christina van Egmond, Andrés Navarrete Berges, Tariq Omarshah, Jennifer Benton
An emerging field of research is beginning to examine the ways in which socioeconomic disparities affect emotional, cognitive, and social processes. In this study, we took a two-step approach to examining the role that resource scarcity plays in the predictive power of intrinsic motivation on school attendance, as well as its influence on the precursors of intrinsic motivation: the psychological needs of relatedness, autonomy, and competence. Results revealed that intrinsic motivation predicts school attendance even under conditions of extreme adversity...
May 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462750/health-equality-social-justice-and-the-poverty-of-autonomy
#19
Christopher Newdick
How does the concept of autonomy assist public responses to 'lifestyle' diseases? Autonomy is fundamental to bioethics, but its emphasis on self-determination and individuality hardly supports public health policies to eat and drink less and take more exercise. Autonomy rejects a 'nanny' state. Yet, the cost of non-communicable diseases is increasing to individuals personally and to public health systems generally. Health care systems are under mounting and unsustainable pressure. What is the proper responsibility of individuals, governments and corporate interests working within a global trading environment? When public health care resources are unlikely to increase, we cannot afford to be so diffident to the cost of avoidable diseases...
May 2, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461440/who-is-reducing-their-material-consumption-and-why-a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-dematerialization-behaviours
#20
Lorraine Whitmarsh, Stuart Capstick, Nicholas Nash
The environmental and economic imperatives to dematerialize economies, or 'do more with less', have been established for some years. Yet, to date, little is known about the personal drivers associated with dematerializing. This paper explores the prevalence and profile of those who are taking action to reduce consumption in different cultural contexts (UK and Brazil) and considers influences on dematerialization behaviours. We find that exemplar behaviours (avoiding buying new things and avoiding packaging) are far less common than archetypal environmental behaviours (e...
June 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
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