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Self-determination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211046/teacher-structure-as-a-predictor-of-students-perceived-competence-and-autonomous-motivation-the-moderating-role-of-differentiated-instruction
#1
Frédéric Guay, Amélie Roy, Pierre Valois
BACKGROUND: An important pedagogical practice is the provision of structure (Farkas & Grolnick, 2010, Motiv. Emot., 34, 266). According to self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985, Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior, Plenum, New York, NY), structure allows students to develop perceived competence in different school subjects, which in turn facilitates the development of autonomous motivation towards these subjects and limits the development of controlled motivation...
February 17, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198088/a-self-determination-approach-to-the-understanding-of-the-impact-of-physical-activity-on-depressive-symptoms
#2
José Antonio Cecchini, Javier Fernández-Río, Antonio Méndez-Giménez, Alejandro Carriedo, José Antonio Arruza
The purpose was to test a new motivational sequence. It was hypothesized that more autonomous forms of motivation would predict the intensity of physical activity (PA), which in turn, would predict depressive symptoms. In order to evaluate self-determined motivation, the Self-Determination Index (SDI) was used. Because the reasons that can lead a person to engage in walking, moderate PA, or vigorous PA may be different, 3 independent self-determination indexes were measured (SDIWalking, SDIModerate, and SDIVigorous)...
February 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193554/-i-just-feel-so-guilty-the-role-of-introjected-regulation-in-linking-appearance-goals-for-exercise-with-women-s-body-image
#3
Megan Hurst, Helga Dittmar, Robin Banerjee, Rod Bond
Appearance goals for exercise are consistently associated with negative body image, but research has yet to consider the processes that link these two variables. Self-determination theory offers one such process: introjected (guilt-based) regulation of exercise behavior. Study 1 investigated these relationships within a cross-sectional sample of female UK students (n=215, 17-30 years). Appearance goals were indirectly, negatively associated with body image due to links with introjected regulation. Study 2 experimentally tested this pathway, manipulating guilt relating to exercise and appearance goals independently and assessing post-test guilt and body anxiety (n=165, 18-27 years)...
February 10, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185418/is-competence-enough-to-enable-kenyan-mothers-to-make-good-infant-and-young-child-feeding-decisions
#4
Lauriina Schneider, Sari Ollila, Judith Kimiywe, Crippina Lubeka, Marja Mutanen
The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with maternal infant and young child feeding motivation in urban and rural Kenya. We conducted 18 focus group discussions with mothers of children 0 to 23 months of age and healthcare workers. The data were transcribed, translated, and explored following the principles of content analysis. We first explored and coded the data inductively and categorized it according to emerging themes representing the most relevant topics for young child feeding. After this, these themes were theorized into an explanatory framework...
February 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185338/distinguishing-subtypes-of-extrinsic-motivation-among-people-with-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disability
#5
N Frielink, C Schuengel, P Embregts
BACKGROUND: According to self-determination theory, motivation is ordered in types, including amotivation, extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation. Self-determination theory defines four subtypes of extrinsic motivation: external motivation, introjected motivation, identified motivation and integrated motivation. Although it has been argued theoretically that the different types of motivation are universally applicable, Reid et al. () proposed a dichotomy of broad subtypes of extrinsic motivation for people with intellectual disability (ID) due to their cognitive limitations...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178308/prediction-of-intention-to-continue-sport-in-athlete-students-a-self-determination-theory-approach
#6
Mohammad Keshtidar, Behzad Behzadnia
Grounded on the self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985, 2000) and achievement goals theory (Ames, 1992; Nicholls, 1989), this study via structural equation modelling, predicted intention to continue in sport from goal orientations and motivations among athlete students. 268 athlete students (Mage = 21.9), in Iranian universities completed a multi-section questionnaire tapping the targeted variables. Structural equation modelling (SEM) offered an overall support for the proposed model. The results showed that there are positive relationships between intention to continue in sport and both orientations as well as both motivations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176465/self-determined-motivation-and-exercise-behavior-in-copd-patients
#7
Hui-Ling Cho, Heng-Hsin Tung, Ming-Shian Lin, Wan-Chun Hsu, Chi-Pin Lee
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the self-determined motivation predictors of exercise behavior following pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD recipients. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 135 COPD patients. A demographic questionnaire, clinical factors, behavioral regulations in exercise questionnaire, and leisure time exercise questionnaire were used to collect data. A logistic regression model was used to identify the predictors associated with demographics and self-determined motivation types regarding physical activity...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168831/online-information-search-behaviour-of-physicians
#8
Patrick Mikalef, Panos E Kourouthanassis, Adamantia G Pateli
BACKGROUND: Although doctors increasingly engage in online information seeking to complement their medical practice, little is known regarding what online information sources are used and how effective they are. OBJECTIVE: Grounded on self-determination and needs theory, this study posits that doctors tend to use online information sources to fulfil their information requirements in three pre-defined areas: patient care, knowledge development and research activities...
February 7, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167812/effect-of-practical-training-on-the-learning-motivation-profile-of-japanese-pharmacy-students-using-structural-equation-modeling
#9
Shigeo Yamamura, Rieko Takehira
Purpose: To establish a model of Japanese pharmacy students' learning motivation profile and investigate the effects of pharmaceutical practical training programs on their learning motivation. Methods: The Science Motivation Questionnaire II was administered to pharmacy students in their 4th (before practical training), 5th (before practical training at clinical sites), and 6th (after all practical training) years of study at Josai International University in April, 2016...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163396/schumpeter-s-picture-of-economic-and-political-institutions-in-the-light-of-a-cognitive-approach-to-human-behavior
#10
Massimo Egidi
Schumpeter's theory of democracy can be read through the lens of the cognitive approach to rationality. Schumpeter himself constructed his theory on the basis of his (neglected) conception of conscious rationality, which considers the process of thinking as composed of conscious/deliberate and unconscious/automatic components. The prevalence of the deliberate over the automatic component can occur in different degrees; as a consequence, individuals exhibit different levels of conscious rationality. Schumpeter makes clear that an essential attribute of democracy is its being a system of government capable of working notwithstanding a low degree of conscious rationality among its citizens...
2017: J Evol Econ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144762/identifying-and-reducing-disparities-in-mental-health-outcomes-among-american-indians-and-alaskan-natives-using-public-health-mental-healthcare-and-legal-perspectives
#11
Hannah E Payne, Michalyn Steele, Jennie L Bingham, Chantel D Sloan
The purpose of this paper was to investigate disparities in mental healthcare delivery in American Indian/Alaska Native populations from three perspectives: public health, legal policy and mental healthcare and provide evidence-based recommendations toward reducing those disparities. Data on mental health funding to tribes were obtained from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. As a result of analysis of these data, vital statistics and current literature, we propose three recommendations to reduce mental health disparities...
January 31, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131790/-patients-experience-during-weaning-of-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
M E Merchán-Tahvanainen, C Romero-Belmonte, M Cundín-Laguna, P Basterra-Brun, A San Miguel-Aguirre, E Regaira-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: Weaning from invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) is influenced by physiological and psychological factors, the latter being the least studied. The aim was to identify, through the literature, patients' experiences during weaning from IMV and report its influencing factors. METHOD: The literature search was conducted using the Pubmed, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases. The search terms were: "patient", "experience" and "ventilator weaning". The research limits were: age (>19years) and language (English, Spanish and Finnish)...
January 25, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126069/validity-evidence-for-the-adaptation-of-the-state-mindfulness-scale-for-physical-activity-sms-pa-in-spanish-youth
#13
Sarah Ullrich-French, Juan González Hernández, María D Hidalgo Montesinos
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness is an increasingly popular construct with promise in enhancing multiple positive health outcomes. Physical activity is an important behavior for enhancing overall health, but no Spanish language scale exists to test how mindfulness during physical activity may facilitate physical activity motivation or behavior. This study examined the validity of a Spanish adaption of a new scale, the State Mindfulness Scale for Physical Activity, to assess mindfulness during a specific experience of physical activity...
February 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126022/differences-in-motivation-and-adherence-to-a-prescribed-assignment-after-face-to-face-and-online-psychoeducation-an-experimental-study
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sven Alfonsson, Karin Johansson, Jonas Uddling, Timo Hursti
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment homework is associated with positive outcomes in behavioral psychotherapy but compliance to assignments is still often moderate. Whether adherence can be predicted by different types of motivation for the task and whether motivation plays different roles in face-to-face compared to online psychotherapy is unknown. If models of motivation, such as Self-determination theory, can be used to predict patients' behavior, it may facilitate further research into homework promotion...
January 26, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122557/motivation-and-competence-of-participants-in-a-learner-centered-student-run-clinic-an-exploratory-pilot-study
#15
Tim Schutte, Jelle Tichelaar, Ramon S Dekker, Abel Thijs, Theo P G M de Vries, Rashmi A Kusurkar, Milan C Richir, Michiel A van Agtmael
BACKGROUND: The Learner-Centered Student-run Clinic (LC-SRC) was designed to teach and train prescribing skills grounded in a real-life context, to provide students with early clinical experience and responsibility. The current studies' theoretical framework was based on the Self-determination Theory. According to the Self-determination Theory, early involvement in clinical practice combined with a high level of responsibility makes the LC-SRC an environment that can stimulate intrinsic motivation...
January 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116102/self-determined-motivation-in-rehabilitating-professional-rugby-union-players
#16
Fraser Carson, Remco C J Polman
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to explore the views of professional rugby union players during the early rehabilitation, late rehabilitation and return to play stages, following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. METHODS: A qualitative dominant, mixed methodological approach was utilized with five players who had suffered an ACL injury requiring reconstructive surgery. A longitudinal approach, concurrent with each player's rehabilitation, consisting of twice monthly interviews, a self-report diary and three established questionnaires (MOS-Social Support Survey, Sherbourne & Stewart, 1991; Sport Climate Questionnaire, Deci & Ryan, n...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114396/sun-basking-in-red-wood-ants-formica-polyctena-hymenoptera-formicidae-individual-behaviour-and-temperature-dependent-respiration-rates
#17
Štěpánka Kadochová, Jan Frouz, Flavio Roces
In early spring, red wood ants Formica polyctena are often observed clustering on the nest surface in large numbers basking in the sun. It has been hypothesized that sun-basking behaviour may contribute to nest heating because of both heat carriage into the nest by sun-basking workers, and catabolic heat production from the mobilization of the workers' lipid reserves. We investigated sun-basking behaviour in laboratory colonies of F. polyctena exposed to an artificial heat source. Observations on identified individuals revealed that not all ants bask in the sun...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111983/relationships-between-self-determination-theory-and-theory-of-planned-behavior-applied-to-physical-activity-and-exercise-behavior-in-chronic-pain
#18
Jessica M Brooks, Kanako Iwanaga, Chung-Yi Chiu, Brandi Parker Cotton, Jon Deiches, Blaise Morrison, Erin Moser, Fong Chan
This study examined the relationships between self-determination theory (SDT) and theory of planned behavior (TpB) applied to physical activity and exercise behavior (PA&E) in people with chronic pain. Two hundred and eleven adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain (28 males and 183 females, age range 18 to 82 years, mean age 43 years) were recruited from online support groups and clinic networks in the United States. Participants completed SDT measures relevant to PA&E on perceived autonomy support, autonomy, competence, and relatedness, as well as TpB measures relevant to PA&E on intention, attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control...
January 22, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111118/-doing-what-i-do-best-the-association-between-skill-utilization-and-employee-health-with-healthy-behavior-as-a-mediator
#19
Kaori Fujishiro, Catherine A Heaney
OBJECTIVE: Skill utilization, defined as having the opportunity to do one's best at work, has been examined as a contributor to productivity, organizational efficiency, job satisfaction, and mental health. Drawing from self-determination theory, we postulate that high levels of skill utilization are positively associated with physical health and that some of the effect is mediated by health behavior. METHODS: Using the 2014 Gallup Daily Tracking Survey data (n = 87,316), a nationally representative sample of working adults in the United States, we examine the associations between perceived skill utilization and five health outcomes (self-rated health, hypertension, high cholesterol, cancer, asthma) with healthy behavior (regular exercising, fruits and vegetable consumption) as a mediator of the associations...
January 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104711/m%C3%A4-ori-patients-experiences-and-perspectives-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-new-zealand-qualitative-interview-study
#20
Rachael C Walker, Shayne Walker, Rachael L Morton, Allison Tong, Kirsten Howard, Suetonia C Palmer
OBJECTIVES: To explore and describe Māori (the indigenous people of New Zealand) patients' experiences and perspectives of chronic kidney disease (CKD), as these are largely unknown for indigenous groups with CKD. DESIGN: Face-to-face, semistructured interviews with purposive sampling and thematic analysis. SETTING: 3 dialysis centres in New Zealand (NZ), all of which offered all forms of dialysis modalities. PARTICIPANTS: 13 Māori patients with CKD and who were either nearing the need for dialysis or had started dialysis within the previous 12 months...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Open
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