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Self-determination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914121/evidence-based-recommendations-to-improve-reproductive-healthcare-for-incarcerated-women
#1
Andrea Knittel, Angeline Ti, Sarah Schear, Megan Comfort
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe standards for evidence-based reproductive healthcare for incarcerated women. Design/methodology/approach The literature on reproductive healthcare in the US criminal justice system and recommendations from professional organizations were reviewed and critical areas of concern were identified. Within these areas, studies and expert opinion were synthesized and policy recommendations were formulated through an iterative process of group discussion and document revision...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913817/return-to-play-in-2017-and-the-role-of-shared-decision-making-in-patients-with-inherited-and-acquired-channelopathies-and-cardiomyopathies
#2
REVIEW
Kia Afshar, T Jared Bunch
Shared decision-making is based upon a physician-patient encounter in which there is adequate education using aids if needed, a mutual discussion of how to assist the patient in weighing risks and benefits, and a supportive environment that allows the patient to deliberate on the clinical decision and make their own choice. This decision-making paradigm centers on the principles of autonomy and self-determination. Physical activity is a critical part of healthy lifestyle choices that helps lower risk of cardiovascular disease or the progression of it...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913434/self-determined-shapes-and-velocities-of-giant-near-zero-drag-gas-cavities
#3
Ivan U Vakarelski, Evert Klaseboer, Aditya Jetly, Mohammad M Mansoor, Andres A Aguirre-Pablo, Derek Y C Chan, Sigurdur T Thoroddsen
Minimizing the retarding force on a solid moving in liquid is the canonical problem in the quest for energy saving by friction and drag reduction. For an ideal object that cannot sustain any shear stress on its surface, theory predicts that drag force will fall to zero as its speed becomes large. However, experimental verification of this prediction has been challenging. We report the construction of a class of self-determined streamlined structures with this free-slip surface, made up of a teardrop-shaped giant gas cavity that completely encloses a metal sphere...
September 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903719/social-support-in-intimate-relationships-the-role-of-relationship-autonomy
#4
Brian P Don, Matthew D Hammond
Prior research on effective support interactions in intimate relationships often focuses on support provision rather than how people seek support. The current study investigated how differences in relationship autonomy-authentic and self-determined relationship motivations-predicted the behavior and outcomes of couples ( N = 80) in support interactions. Results indicated that support seekers' motivation and behavior were the primary contributor to effective support interactions. Support seekers who were autonomously motivated tended to seek support in a more direct and positive manner, which in turn promoted greater levels of emotional, informational, and tangible support from their partners...
August 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903697/foundational-tests-of-the-need-support-model-a-framework-for-bridging-regulatory-focus-theory-and-self-determination-theory
#5
Leigh Ann Vaughn
This article introduces the need-support model, which proposes that regulatory focus can affect subjective support for the needs proposed by self-determination theory (autonomy, competence, and relatedness), and support of these needs can affect subjective labeling of experiences as promotion-focused and prevention-focused. Three studies tested these hypotheses ( N = 2,114). Study 1 found that people recall more need support in promotion-focused experiences than in prevention-focused experiences, and need support in their day yesterday (with no particular regulatory focus) fell in between...
March 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903685/evaluating-the-dimensionality-of-self-determination-theory-s-relative-autonomy-continuum
#6
Kennon M Sheldon, Evgeny N Osin, Tamara O Gordeeva, Dmitry D Suchkov, Oleg A Sychev
We conducted a theoretical and psychometric evaluation of self-determination theory's "relative autonomy continuum" (RAC), an important aspect of the theory whose validity has recently been questioned. We first derived a Comprehensive Relative Autonomy Index (C-RAI) containing six subscales and 24 items, by conducting a paired paraphrase content analysis of existing RAI measures. We administered the C-RAI to multiple U.S. and Russian samples, assessing motivation to attend class, study a major, and take responsibility...
September 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903633/collective-self-determination-how-the-agent-of-help-promotes-pride-well-being-and-support-for-intergroup-helping
#7
Emma F Thomas, Catherine E Amiot, Winnifred R Louis, Alice Goddard
This research integrates self-determination theory and the social identity approach to investigate the notion of collective (group level) self-determination, and to test how the agent of intergroup help (helping initiated by a group representative versus group members) shapes group members' motives and support for intergroup helping. Study 1 ( N = 432) demonstrates that collective self-determination predicts support for intergroup helping, group pride, and well-being, over and above individual-level self-determined motivation...
May 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894073/-structural-equation-modeling-on-self-care-behavior-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-using-citizen-health-promotion-centers
#8
Songheun Lee, Hyunli Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to construct and test a structural equation model for Diabetes self-management (DSM) behavior and Quality of life (QoL) in older adults with diabetes who use Citizen Health Promotion Centers. The theory used this study was a combination of the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Model (IMB) and Self-Determination Theory (SDT) to reflect autonomous characteristics of participants. METHODS: Data were collected from April 20 to August 31, 2015 using a self-report questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888517/beliefs-regarding-asthma-management-relating-to-asthma-action-plans-aaps-of-african-american-caregivers-residing-in-newark-new-jersey-public-housing-communities
#9
Frank Wagner, Lorraine Steefel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the beliefs regarding asthma management and Asthma Action Plans (AAPs) of African American caregivers residing in three New Jersey public housing communities in Newark, New Jersey. DESIGN: A qualitative methods design was accomplished using semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of nine African American caregivers of children with asthma. Information was coded using N'VIVO™; the textual analysis combined codes into categories, which were then assembled into themes...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870225/implementation-framework-for-chronic-disease-intervention-effectiveness-in-m%C3%A4-ori-and-other-indigenous-communities
#10
John Oetzel, Nina Scott, Maui Hudson, Bridgette Masters-Awatere, Moana Rarere, Jeff Foote, Angela Beaton, Terry Ehau
BACKGROUND: About 40% of all health burden in New Zealand is due to cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes/obesity. Outcomes for Māori (indigenous people) are significantly worse than non-Maori; these inequities mirror those found in indigenous communities elsewhere. Evidence-based interventions with established efficacy may not be effective in indigenous communities without addressing specific implementation challenges. We present an implementation framework for interventions to prevent and treat chronic conditions for Māori and other indigenous communities...
September 5, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863219/discussing-advance-care-planning-and-directives-in-the-general-population
#11
Pascal J de Caprariis, Bronwyn Rucker, Claudia Lyon
The concept of end-of-life planning, along with medical and legal issues, has been discussed and has evolved over several years. The 1990 Patient Self-Determination Act and individual states' Department of Health Advance Directive forms helped overcome past problems. Patients with terminal and chronic illness are now able to have their wishes recognized for their future care. Any healthy individual's decision during an advance care planning (ACP) discussion can be adversely affected by various factors; however, multiple barriers-religion, culture, education, and family dynamics-can influence the process...
September 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858824/the-value-of-traditional-ecological-knowledge-for-the-environmental-health-sciences-and-biomedical-research
#12
Symma Finn, Mose Herne, Dorothy Castille
BACKGROUND: Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) is a term, relatively new to Western science, that encompasses a subset of traditional knowledge maintained by Indigenous nations about the relationships between people and the natural environment. The term was first shared by tribal elders in the 1980s to help raise awareness of the importance of TEK. TEK has become a construct that Western scientists have increasingly considered for conducting culturally relevant research with Tribal nations...
August 29, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846024/an-online-life-like-any-other-identity-self-determination-and-social-networking-among-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#13
Darren D Chadwick, Chris Fullwood
Research focusing on online identity and the personal experiences of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) is currently limited. Eleven adults with ID were interviewed regarding personal experiences of being online and using social media. Data were analyzed qualitatively using thematic network analysis. Two global themes, online relatedness and sharing and online agency and support, highlighted the positive potential of social media in enabling the development and maintenance of social bonds, valued social roles, and feelings of enjoyment, competence, autonomy, and self-worth...
August 28, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840608/a-practice-model-for-rural-district-nursing-success-in-end-of-life-advocacy-care
#14
Frances M Reed, Les Fitzgerald, Melanie R Bish
AIM: The development of a practice model for rural district nursing successful end-of-life advocacy care. BACKGROUND: Resources to help people live well in the end stages of life in rural areas can be limited and difficult to access. District nurse advocacy may promote end-of-life choice for people living at home in rural Australia. The lack of evidence available internationally to inform practice in this context was addressed by exploratory study. METHOD: A pragmatic mixed method study approved by the University Faculty Ethics Committee and conducted from March 2014 to August 2015 was used to explore the successful end-of-life advocacy of 98 rural Australian district nurses...
August 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840607/andrology-on-the-internet-most-wanted-controversial-and-often-primary-source-of-information-for-patients
#15
M Baunacke, C Groeben, H Borgmann, J Salem, S Kliesch, J Huber
The Internet is an important source of health information with relevant impact on the physician-patient relationship. The German urological associations host one of the most comprehensive platforms for patient information on urological diseases. The aim of the study was to characterise its users and their specific needs. We invited users of the website www.urologenportal.de via pop-up to complete a 26-item online survey to evaluate health-related behaviour, distress and decision-making preferences. We received n = 551 complete responses...
August 25, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833415/two-kinds-of-physician-assisted-death
#16
Govert den Hartogh
I argue that the concept 'physician-assisted suicide' covers two procedures that should be distinguished: giving someone access to humane means to end his own life, and taking co-responsibility for the safe and effective execution of that plan. In the first section I explain the distinction, in the following sections I show why it is important. To begin with I argue that we should expect the laws that permit these two kinds of 'assistance' to be different in their justificatory structure. Laws that permit giving access only presuppose that the right to self-determination implies a right to suicide, but laws that permit doctors to take co-responsibility may have to appeal to a principle of mercy or beneficence...
August 23, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821908/predicting-homeless-people-s-perceived-health-after-entering-the-social-relief-system-in-the-netherlands
#17
Jorien van der Laan, Barbara van Straaten, Sandra N Boersma, Gerda Rodenburg, Dike van de Mheen, Judith R L M Wolf
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether changes in the perceived health of homeless people after entering the social relief system (SRS) in The Netherlands were predicted by housing, income, hours of work, social support, unmet care needs, arrests, physical and mental health, substance use, and experiences of autonomy, competence and relatedness, in addition to perceived health at baseline, demographics, suspected intellectual disability, the duration of homelessness and the company of children in the shelter facility...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821473/feasibility-of-a-facebook-intervention-for-exercise-motivation-and-cardiac-rehabilitation-adherence-study-protocol
#18
Lee Anne Siegmund, Haitham M Ahmed, Michael Todd Crawford, James Frank Bena
BACKGROUND: While cardiac rehabilitation has been shown to be effective at improving coronary heart disease (CHD), participation is generally poor. Attempts to increase uptake and adherence often fail. Use of a Facebook intervention for this population may be a unique opportunity to support self-determined motivation and affect adherence. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a Facebook intervention on motivation for exercise and adherence to cardiac rehabilitation in patients with CHD during a 12-week, Phase II cardiac rehabilitation program...
August 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820605/body-sovereignty-and-body-liability-in-the-wake-of-an-obesity-epidemic-a-poststructural-analysis-of-the-soda-ban
#19
Sonia R Ivancic
Public discourse about the 2012 soda ban proposal and its eventual dissolution offers a useful context for interrogating how discursive processes constitute and regulate normality, risk, and obesity. Using poststructural sensibilities, I critique the soda ban and public discourse about it. Although architects of the soda ban and its proponents challenged the neoliberal narrative of free choice by self-governing citizens, their efforts were stymied by (1) arguments that offered a minimalist role for the state in regulating health, and (2) contemporary anxieties about losing the ability to self-determine what to let into the body...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820435/healthy-ageing-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-from-managers-perspective-a-qualitative-study
#20
Maria Johansson, Petra Björne, Ingrid Runesson, Gerd Ahlström
An increasing number of people with intellectual disability (ID) are reaching older ages today although they experience more health problems than the older population without ID. Leaders in intellectual disability services can greatly influence the conditions for a healthy ageing, and the aim of the present study was to explore healthy ageing in this group from the perspective of the leaders. Interviews with 20 leaders were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The findings gave rise to the overall theme ageing in dependence, which emerged from the following six categories: Supporting self-determination; Inaccessible activities after retirement; Signs of decline; Increased and specific needs for support and care; A non-question of gender; Aspects concerning the end of life and death...
August 18, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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