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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910118/motivational-factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#1
Anders Farholm, Marit Sørensen, Hallgeir Halvari
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest for investigating the role of motivation in physical activity among people with severe mental illness (SMI). Autonomous motivation has been suggested to have a potentially important role in adoption and maintenance of physical activity. However, the knowledge about factors that facilitate autonomous motivation among people with SMI is scarce. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with motivation for physical activity as well as the relationships between motivation, physical activity and health-related quality of life in individuals with SMI that were currently physically active...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909022/development-and-evaluation-of-the-tigriopus-course-based-undergraduate-research-experience-impacts-on-students-content-knowledge-attitudes-and-motivation-in-a-majors-introductory-biology-course
#2
Jeffrey T Olimpo, Ginger R Fisher, Sue Ellen DeChenne-Peters
Within the past decade, course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) have emerged as a viable mechanism to enhance novices' development of scientific reasoning and process skills in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines. Recent evidence within the bioeducation literature suggests that student engagement in such experiences not only increases their appreciation for and interest in scientific research but also enhances their ability to "think like a scientist." Despite these critical outcomes, few studies have objectively explored CURE versus non-CURE students' development of content knowledge, attitudes, and motivation in the discipline, particularly among nonvolunteer samples...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903754/trajectories-to-seeking-demedicalised-assistance-in-suicide-a-qualitative-in-depth-interview-study
#3
Martijn Hagens, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen, H Roeline W Pasman
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, people can receive (limited) demedicalised assistance in suicide (DAS)-an option less well known than physician-assisted dying (PAD). AIM: This study explores which trajectories people take to seek DAS, through open-coding and inductive analysis of in-depth interviews with 17 people who receive(d) DAS from counsellors facilitated by foundation De Einder. RESULTS: People sought DAS as a result of current suffering or as a result of anticipating possible prospective suffering...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900616/-the-apartment-is-for-you-it-s-not-for-anyone-else-managing-social-recovery-and-risk-on-the-frontlines-of-single-adult-supportive-housing
#4
Emmy Tiderington
This multi-method qualitative study examines frontline provider perspectives on consumer social relationships and barriers to social recovery in supportive housing programs for adults with serious mental illness. Thematic analyses show that guest and occupancy policies that enforce the "single" nature of single-adult supportive housing challenge consumer rights to self-determination in the realm of social recovery. Findings also highlight the ways in which providers act to reinforce and subvert these policies while mitigating risk in this service setting...
November 30, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889680/development-and-measurement-properties-of-the-chinese-breastfeeding-self-regulation-questionnaire
#5
Christine Y K Lau, Daniel Y T Fong, Alice Y Y Choi, Judy W Y Ng, Chu Sing, Marie Tarrant
BACKGROUND: although new mothers are aware of the benefits of breastfeeding, many of them stop breastfeeding early in the postpartum period. Maternal psychosocial factors have been shown to contribute to early breastfeeding cessation. According to Self-Determination Theory (SDT) maternal self-determination is an indispensable factor in studying motivation to breastfeed. There are no validated instruments to assess maternal breastfeeding motivation and self-determination. OBJECTIVE: our aim was to develop and assess the psychometric properties of the Breastfeeding Self -Regulation Questionnaire (BSRQ) for Chinese pregnant women in Hong Kong...
November 5, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883930/reconciling-community-based-indigenous-research-and-academic-practices-knowing-principles-is-not-always-enough
#6
Melody E Morton Ninomiya, Nathaniel J Pollock
Historically, Indigenous health research in Canada has failed to engage Indigenous peoples and communities as primary stakeholders of research evidence. Increasingly, research ethics and methodologies are being positioned as tools for Indigenous self-determination. In response, mainstream institutions have developed new ethical principles for research involving Indigenous people. While these transformations are necessary steps towards re-orienting research practices, they are not prescriptive. In this paper, we make visible three dilemmas from a case study in which Indigenous health research frameworks provided limited guidance or were unclear about how to balance community priorities with Indigenous research principles...
November 5, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881890/co-management-as-a-catalyst-pathways-to-post-colonial-forestry-in-the-klamath-basin-california
#7
Sibyl Diver
Co-management frameworks are intended to facilitate sustainable resource management and more equitable power sharing between state agencies and Indigenous communities. However, there is significant debate about who benefits from co-management in practice. This article addresses two competing perspectives in the literature, which alternately portrays co-management as an instrument for co-optation or for transformation. Through a case study of co-management negotiations involving the Karuk Tribe and the U.S. Forest Service in the Klamath Basin of Northern California, this study examines how Indigenous communities use co-management to build greater equity in environmental decision-making, despite its limitations...
2016: Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878908/parents-with-intellectual-disabilities-experiencing-challenging-child-routines-a-pilot-study-using-embedded-self-determination-practices
#8
Christen Knowles, Allison Blakely, Sarah Hansen, Wendy Machalicek
BACKGROUND: Practices to facilitate self-determination have not received appropriate attention in research concerning parents with intellectual disabilities (ID). Likewise, parenting interventions for adults with intellectual disabilities have seldom observed both parent and child behavioural outcomes. METHODS: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a parenting intervention embedded with self-determination facilitation practices for two dyads of a parent with intellectual disabilities and their young child...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875897/isotropic-nematic-transition-and-cholesteric-phases-of-helical-yukawa-rods
#9
A Kuhnhold, T Schilling
We present a Monte Carlo simulation study of helical Yukawa rods as a model for chiral liquid crystal mesogens. To simulate the cholesteric phase, we introduce a new simulation method that uses soft walls and self-determined boundary conditions. We observe that the isotropic-nematic phase transition is shifted to lower volume fractions with decreasing salt concentration as well as with increasing internal pitch of the rods. For particular sets of interaction parameters, the sense of the cholesteric pitch inverts, i...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875651/religious-hospitals-and-patient-choice
#10
Nadia N Sawicki
Recent media reports have drawn widespread attention to the experiences of patients who are denied reproductive services at Catholic hospitals. For some patients, such as those experiencing miscarriage, denial of appropriate treatment can lead to serious health consequences. However, many patients are unaware of the limitations on services available at religiously affiliated health care institutions. As a result, patients' ability to make informed and autonomous decisions about where to seek treatment is hindered...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872385/development-and-validation-of-the-echelle-de-motivation-envers-l-activit%C3%A3-physique-en-contexte-de-sant%C3%A3-a-motivation-scale-towards-health-oriented-physical-activity-in-french
#11
Julie Boiché, Mathieu Gourlan, David Trouilloud, Philippe Sarrazin
This article presents the validation of the 'Echelle de Motivation envers l'Activité Physique en contexte de Santé' including the six forms of motivation underlined by self-determination theory. Study 1 underlines the content validity of a pool of 30 items (N = 20). Study 2 supports the six-factor structure validity of the 18-item Echelle de Motivation envers l'Activité Physique en contexte de Santé (N = 309). Study 3 (N = 191) confirms structure validity, as well as concurrent validity and 2-week temporal reliability...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870748/the-determinants-of-physical-activity-in-rural-women-aged-20-to-44-years-in-georgia
#12
Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H Tedders, Moya L Alfonso, Robert L Vogel
Physical activity rates in rural women are very low. The purpose of this study was to explore the determinants of physical activity in rural women aged 20 to 44 years. A survey was used to collect data on a cluster sample of 184 participants. This study was guided by Self-Determination Theory. Survey data suggest that the highest type of motivation was identified regulation, and husband's support had the strongest effect on physical activity. Findings suggest that a history of sports participation can lead to the formation of intrinsic motivation...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865817/development-and-piloting-the-woman-centred-care-scale-wccs
#13
Susannah Brady, Fiona Bogossian, Kristen Gibbons
PROBLEM/BACKGROUND: In midwifery we espouse a woman centred care approach to practice, yet in midwifery education no valid instrument exists with which to measure the performance of these behaviours in midwifery students. AIM: To develop and validate an instrument to measure woman centred care behaviours in midwifery students. METHOD: We identified four core concepts; woman's sphere, holism, self-determination and the shared power relationship...
November 16, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864163/developing-a-web-based-weight-management-program-for-childhood-cancer-survivors-rationale-and-methods
#14
Fang Fang Zhang, Susan Meagher, Michael Scheurer, Sara Folta, Emily Finnan, Kerry Criss, Christina Economos, ZoAnn Dreyer, Michael Kelly
BACKGROUND: Due to advances in the field of oncology, survival rates for children with cancer have improved significantly. However, these childhood cancer survivors are at a higher risk for obesity and cardiovascular diseases and for developing these conditions at an earlier age. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we describe the rationale, conceptual framework, development process, novel components, and delivery plan of a behavioral intervention program for preventing unhealthy weight gain in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862509/psychometric-properties-of-the-air-self-determination-scale-the-chinese-version-air-sds-c-for-chinese-people-with-intellectual-disabilities
#15
P K S Wong, D F K Wong, X Y Zhuang, Y Liu
BACKGROUND: The construct of self-determination has received considerable attention in the international field of intellectual disabilities (ID). Recently, there has been a rapid development of this construct in Chinese societies including Hong Kong. However, there is no locally validated instrument to measure self-determination in people with ID. This article explains the validation process of the AIR Self-Determination Scale - Chinese version (AIR SDS-C) adapted from the 24-item AIR Self-Determination Scale, developed by Wolman and his colleagues, which is used in school setting...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845485/physician-assisted-suicide-and-clinical-vulnerability-a-slippery-slope
#16
F Monacelli, M Martini, P Odetti, R Ciliberti
AIMS: The Belgian case of a 24 years' woman affected by resistant depression, who obtained the legal right to assisted suicide rehearsed ethical issues. From the famous Chabot case of the Dutch court in 1994, accumulating legal evidence indicates that the unbearable psychiatric suffering may be equate to the physical struggle of end of life patients. The Belgian law has addressed assisted suicide as an option in case of unbearable psychic suffering with no future prospective. DESIGN: It is unlikely that the practice of euthanasia may be mechanistically reduced to the provision of a suicide as alleviating the burden of suffering in depression is a long life commitment; moreover, the principle of patient's self determination and autonomy is highly debatable: the closure to the future, the hopelessness and the suicidal ideation represent per se core features of depression...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836512/improving-community-health-through-marketing-exchanges-a-participatory-action-research-study-on-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-three-melanesian-countries
#17
D J Barrington, S Sridharan, S G Saunders, R T Souter, J Bartram, K F Shields, S Meo, A Kearton, R K Hughes
Diseases related to poor water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) are major causes of mortality and morbidity. While pursuing marketing approaches to WaSH to improve health outcomes is often narrowly associated with monetary exchange, marketing theory recognises four broad marketing exchange archetypes: market-based, non-market-based, command-based and culturally determined. This diversity reflects the need for parameters broader than monetary exchange when improving WaSH. This study applied a participatory action research process to investigate how impoverished communities in Melanesian urban and peri-urban informal settlements attempt to meet their WaSH needs through marketing exchange...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834179/-it-s-not-like-a-fat-camp-a-focus-group-study-of-adolescents-experiences-on-group-based-obesity-treatment
#18
Anna Engström, Eirik Abildsnes, Thomas Mildestvedt
BACKGROUND: The health burden related to obesity is rising among children and adolescents along with the general population worldwide. For the individual as well as the society this trend is alarming. Several factors are driving the trend, and the solution seems to be multifaceted because long-lasting treatment alternatives are lacking. This study aims to explore adolescents' and young adults' motivation for attending group-based obesity treatment and social and environmental factors that can facilitate or hinder lifestyle change...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832769/care-planning-for-consumers-on-community-treatment-orders-an-integrative-literature-review
#19
Suzanne Dawson, Sharon Lawn, Alan Simpson, Eimear Muir-Cochrane
BACKGROUND: Case management is the established model for care provision in mental health and is delivered within current care philosophies of person-centred and recovery-oriented care. The fact that people with a mental illness may be forced to receive care and treatment in the community poses challenges for clinicians aiming to engage in approaches that promote shared decision-making and self-determination. This review sought to gain an in-depth understanding of stakeholders' perspectives and experiences of care planning for consumers' on CTOs...
November 10, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832454/a-tale-of-two-biographies-the-myth-and-truth-of-barbara-mcclintock
#20
Esha Shah
Evelyn Fox Keller wrote first biography of the Nobel Prize winning geneticist Barbara McClintock in which Keller discussed how McClintock felt being rejected by her peers in the 1950s because she questioned the dominant idea of the particulate gene and instead proposed that the genetic material jumped positions on the chromosome which indicated that the gene did not control but was controlled by the cellular environment. Keller's story of McClintock's life is an account of a woman scientist's conception of science and how her unorthodox views isolated her from the main stream science...
December 2016: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
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