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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334802/engagement-strategies-that-foster-community-self-determination-in-participatory-research-insider-ownership-through-outsider-championship
#1
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background.: In order to maximize the benefits of community-based participatory research, effective ownership over the research process must be at least equally in the hands of the community. A previous social network analysis documented that the participatory research process shifted ownership from academic to community partners, but did not show what actions and strategies fostered this shift. Objectives.: This study follows the trajectory of a community-academic partnership and asks, from the perspective of the project stakeholders, which actions and strategies over the lifespan of the research led to the observed shift in ownership and decision-making from the original external academics to the community stakeholders? Methods...
February 18, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334748/the-shifting-dynamics-of-social-roles-and-project-ownership-over-the-lifecycle-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-project
#2
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background: . Community based participatory research (CBPR) is often initiated by academic researchers, yet relies on meaningful community engagement and ownership to have lasting impact. Little is understood about how ownership shifts from academic to community partners. Objectives: . We examined a CBPR project over its life course and asked: what does the evolution of ownership look like from project initiation by an academic (non-community) champion (T1); to maturation-when the intervention is ready to be deployed (T2); to independence-the time when the original champion steps aside (T3); and finally, to its maintenance-when the community has had an opportunity to function independently of the original academic champion (T4)? Methods: ...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327147/medical-student-changes-in-self-regulated-learning-during-the-transition-to-the-clinical-environment
#3
Kenneth K Cho, Brahm Marjadi, Vicki Langendyk, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning (SRL), which is learners' ability to proactively select and use different strategies to reach learning goals, is associated with academic and clinical success and life-long learning. SRL does not develop automatically in the clinical environment and its development during the preclinical to clinical learning transition has not been quantitatively studied. Our study aims to fill this gap by measuring SRL in medical students during the transitional period and examining its contributing factors...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325110/-that-is-how-i-speak-nowadays-experiences-of-remote-communication-among-persons-with-communicative-and-cognitive-disabilities
#4
Margret Buchholz, Ulrika Ferm, Kristina Holmgren
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of remote communication (i.e., communication between persons who are not in the same place) among people with communicative and cognitive disabilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven adolescents and adults were interviewed using Talking Mats and interview data was analyzed qualitatively with systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The use of remote communication varies between the participants...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324780/the-longitudinal-relationship-between-control-over-working-hours-and-depressive-symptoms-results-from-slosh-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Sophie C Albrecht, Göran Kecklund, Kristiina Rajaleid, Constanze Leineweber
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial work factors can affect depressive moods, but research is inconclusive if flexibility to self-determine working hours (work-time control, WTC) is associated with depressive symptoms over time. We investigated if either sub-dimension of WTC, control over daily hours and control over time off, was related to depressive symptoms over time and examined causal, reversed-causal, and reciprocal pathways. METHODS: The study was based on four waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health which is a follow-up of representative samples of the Swedish working population...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323533/success-in-weight-management-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-do-perceived-autonomy-support-autonomous-motivation-and-self-care-competence-play-a-role
#6
Anne M Koponen, Nina Simonsen, Sakari B Suominen
Based on self-determination theory (SDT), this study investigated whether the three central SDT variables-perceived autonomy support (from a physician), autonomous motivation and self-care competence-were associated with success in weight management (SWM) among primary care patients with type 2 diabetes when the effect of other important life-context factors was controlled for. Patients participated in a mail survey in 2011. Those who had tried to change their health behavior during the past two years in order to lose weight, either with or without success (n = 1433, mean age 63 years, 50% men), were included in this study...
March 21, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303707/assessment-of-nutritional-habits-and-preferences-among-secondary-school-students
#7
Paulina Duma-Kocan, Barbara Barud, Elżbieta Głodek, Marian Gil
Background: Appropriate nutrition is one of the most important factors affecting the proper development of man, nutritional status and maintaining good health. Adolescence is a period of development of skills of self-determination and self-realization, also in the case of nutrition. Children and school-age youth are the group most vulnerable to the effects of incorrect nutrition. The way of nutrition during this period determines psychophysical and emotional development, effectiveness in learning process and has influence on health in adulthood...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303444/outcomes-of-a-therapeutic-fly-fishing-program-for-veterans-with-combat-related-disabilities-a-community-based-rehabilitation-initiative
#8
Jessie L Bennett, Jennifer A Piatt, Marieke Van Puymbroeck
The purpose of this study was to examine the outcomes of a therapeutic fly-fishing program for veterans with combat-related disabilities. A total of 40 veterans participated in the 4-day therapeutic fly-fishing program and this study. The outcomes examined included reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS), depression, perceived stress, functional impairment (i.e., work, relationships, physical, and everyday life), increasing self-determination, and leisure satisfaction. Each research participant completed pretest, posttest, and 3-month follow-up questionnaires...
March 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302351/does-a-primary-health-clinic-for-formerly-incarcerated-women-increase-linkage-to-care
#9
Diane S Morse, John L Wilson, James M McMahon, Ann M Dozier, Anabel Quiroz, Catherine Cerulli
OBJECTIVE: This study examined a primary care-based program to address the health needs of women recently released from incarceration by facilitating access to primary medical, mental health, and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Peer community health workers recruited women released from incarceration within the past 9 months into the Women's Initiative Supporting Health Transitions Clinic (WISH-TC). Located within an urban academic medical center, WISH-TC uses cultural, gender, and trauma-specific strategies grounded in the self-determination theory of motivation...
March 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295187/working-memory-moderates-the-effect-of-the-integrative-process-of-implicit-and-explicit-autonomous-motivation-on-academic-achievement
#10
Alexandre Gareau, Patrick Gaudreau
In previous research, autonomous motivation (AM) has been found to be associated with school achievement, but the relation has been largely heterogeneous across studies. AM has typically been assessed with explicit measures such as self-report questionnaires. Recent self-determination theory (SDT) research has suggested that converging implicit and explicit measures can be taken to characterize the integrative process in SDT. Drawing from dual-process theories, we contended that explicit AM is likely to promote school achievement when it is part of an integrated cognitive system that combines easily accessible mental representations (i...
March 10, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291956/physical-activity-motivation-and-benefits-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Kimberly S Fasczewski, Diane L Gill, Sara M Rothberger
PURPOSE: Multiple sclerosis is a degenerative neurological disease that affects 2.1 million people worldwide. There is no cure, but an expanding body of research supports the positive impact of physical activity and suggests physical activity has benefits for the individual's psychological and physical well-being. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using Self-Determination Theory as a framework, mixed methods with a focus on qualitative interviews were used to explore physical activity motivation and benefits with a sample of highly active people with multiple sclerosis (n = 15)...
March 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289794/-trans-healthcare-between-depsychopathologization-and-a%C3%A2-needs-based-treatment-of-accompanying-mental-disorders
#12
T O Nieder, A Güldenring, A Köhler, P Briken
BACKGROUND: Historically, the function of psychiatry and psychotherapy in the healthcare treatment of transsexualism has been impaired by the basic assumption that non-conforming gender experiences and behavior are automatically considered as expressions of psychopathology. OBJECTIVE: In line with revision of the diagnostic criteria and changing standards of care and treatment recommendations, the therapeutic relationship between mental healthcare professionals and transgender individuals is critically discussed aiming at providing a needs-based psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment and a patient-centered approach for trans persons...
March 13, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288522/job-satisfaction-of-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-the-role-of-basic-psychological-need-fulfillment-and-workplace-participation
#13
Alma Akkerman, Sabina Kef, Herman P Meininger
PURPOSE: Knowledge on what contributes to job satisfaction of people with intellectual disabilities is limited. Using self-determination theory, we investigated whether fulfillment of basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, competence) affected job satisfaction, and explored associations between workplace participation, need fulfillment and job satisfaction. METHOD: A total of 117 persons with intellectual disabilities, recruited from a Dutch care organization, were interviewed on need fulfillment at work and job satisfaction...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277817/motivation-in-pediatric-motor-rehabilitation-a-systematic-search-of-the-literature-using-the-self-determination-theory-as-a-conceptual-framework
#14
Pieter Meyns, Tine Roman de Mettelinge, Judith van der Spank, Marieke Coussens, Hilde Van Waelvelde
OBJECTIVE: Motivation is suggested as an important factor in pediatric motor rehabilitation. Therefore, we reviewed the existing evidence of (motivational) motor rehabilitation paradigms, and how motivation influences rehabilitation outcome using self-determination theory as conceptual framework. METHODS: PubMed and Web-of-Science databases were systematically searched until June 2015. Data were independently extracted and critiqued for quality by three authors...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275362/impact-of-the-supervisor-feedback-environment-on-creative-performance-a-moderated-mediation-model
#15
Jian Zhang, Zhenxing Gong, Shuangyu Zhang, Yujia Zhao
Studies on the relationship between feedback and creative performance have only focused on the feedback-self and have underestimated the value of the feedback environment. Building on Self Determined Theory, the purpose of this article is to examine the relationship among feedback environment, creative personality, goal self-concordance and creative performance. Hierarchical regression analysis of a sample of 162 supervisor-employee dyads from nine industry firms. The results indicate that supervisor feedback environment is positively related to creative performance, the relationship between the supervisor feedback environment and creative performance is mediated by goal self-concordance perfectly and moderated by creative personality significantly...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271811/psychosocial-aspects-of-youth-physical-activity
#16
Lindsay E Kipp
Two articles that contribute to the literature on psychosocial predictors of youths' physical activity motivation and behavior were chosen for commentary. The first article by Fenner and colleagues showed that a family-based intervention was effective at increasing overweight adolescents' self-determined motivation for physical activity and healthy eating and their quality of life. Significant study contributions include a multidisciplinary team of researchers, multiple pre and post intervention assessments, and a longitudinal test of mechanisms of change...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263662/illness-experience-self-determination-and-recreational-activities-in-pediatric-asthma
#17
Peter M Bingham, Ian Crane, Sarah Waterman Manning
Although asthma self-management depends on ongoing and accurate self-assessment by the patient, pediatric asthma patients have weak skills in the area of symptom perception. Before developing an asthma game targeted to improving asthma self-management and improved symptom awareness, we sought to identify gaps in existing games. To clarify the role of relatedness and autonomy in asthma health game design, we investigated symptom awareness, vocabulary, and self-determination through a series of semi-structured interviews with children suffering from asthma...
March 6, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261674/interventions-at-the-end-of-life-a-taxonomy-for-overlapping-consensus
#18
David Clark, Hamilton Inbadas, Ben Colburn, Catriona Forrest, Naomi Richards, Sandy Whitelaw, Shahaduz Zaman
Context: Around the world there is increasing interest in end of life issues. An unprecedented number of people dying in future decades will put new strains on families, communities, services and governments.  It will also have implications for representations of death and dying within society and for the overall orientation of health and social care. What interventions are emerging in the face of these challenges? Methods: We conceptualize a comprehensive taxonomy of interventions, defined as 'organized responses to end of life issues'...
February 2, 2017: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253062/the-effects-of-feedback-valence-and-style-on-need-satisfaction-self-talk-and-perseverance-among-tennis-players-an-experimental-study
#19
Gert-Jan De Muynck, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Jochen Delrue, Nathalie Aelterman, Leen Haerens, Bart Soenens
Grounded in Self-Determination Theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000), this experimental study examined whether the valence (i.e., positive versus negative) and style (i.e., autonomy-supportive versus controlling) of normative feedback impacts the self-talk, motivational experiences (i.e. psychological need satisfaction and enjoyment) and behavioral functioning (i.e. perseverance, performance) of tennis players (N = 120; M(age) = 24.50 ± 9.86 years). Positive feedback and an autonomy-supportive style positively influenced players' enjoyment and perseverance, with psychological need satisfaction and self-talk playing an intervening role...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249832/supporting-the-delivery-of-total-knee-replacements-care-for-both-patients-and-their-clinicians-with-a-mobile-app-and-web-based-tool-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#20
M Sazzad Hussain, Jane Li, Emily Brindal, Yasmin van Kasteren, Marlien Varnfield, Andrew Reeson, Shlomo Berkovsky, Jill Freyne
BACKGROUND: Total knee replacement (TKR) surgeries have increased in recent years. Exercise programs and other interventions following surgery can facilitate the recovery process. With limited clinician contact time, patients with TKR have a substantial burden of self-management and limited communication with their care team, thus often fail to implement an effective rehabilitation plan. OBJECTIVE: We have developed a digital orthopedic rehabilitation platform that comprises a mobile phone app, wearable activity tracker, and clinical Web portal in order to engage patients with self-management tasks for surgical preparation and recovery, thus addressing the challenges of adherence to and completion of TKR rehabilitation...
March 1, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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