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Mary DeGrezia, Dorcas Baker, Ingrid McDowell
Testing for Turkeys (TFT) HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing initiative is a joint effort between Older Women Embracing Life (OWEL), Inc., a nonprofit faith-based community HIV support and advocacy organization; the Johns Hopkins University Regional Partner MidAtlantic AIDS Education and Training Center (MAAETC); and the University of Maryland, Baltimore JACQUES Initiative (JI), and is now in its 11th year of providing HIV outreach, testing, and linkage to care. Since 2008, the annual TFT daylong community HIV testing and linkage to care initiative has been held 2 weeks before Thanksgiving at a faith-based center in Baltimore, Maryland, in a zip code where one in 26 adults and adolescents ages 13 years and older are living with HIV (Maryland Department of Health, Center for HIV Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Evaluation, 2017)...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
Keiji Fukuda, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Iruka N Okeke, Nandini Shetty, Rogier van Doorn, Nicholas A Feasey, Francesca Chiara, Ghada Zoubiane, Tim Jinks, Julian Parkhill, Jean Patel, Stuart W J Reid, Alison H Holmes, Sharon J Peacock
In recognition of the central importance of surveillance and epidemiology in the control of antimicrobial resistance and the need to strengthen surveillance at all levels, Wellcome has brought together a new international expert group SEDRIC (Surveillance and Epidemiology of Drug Resistant Infections Consortium). SEDRIC aims to advance and transform the ways of tracking, sharing and analysing rates of infection and drug resistance, burden of disease, information on antibiotic use, opportunities for preventative measures such as vaccines, and contamination of the environment...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
James L Griffith, Jessica Keane
This article comments on the article in the current issue by J. E. Patterson et al (see record 2018-27937-001) regarding families' role in global mental health. In the world's low- and middle-income countries, a person's identity is often located more within the family, clan, or tribe than the individual. The authors add to the discussion and call for family-centered stepped delivery of health care. The family should move to the forefront of global mental health clinical research, mental health policy, and human rights advocacy...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Marco Giugni, Maria Grasso
This article investigates the involvement of alternative action organizations in three forms of political advocacy in an attempt to gauge their degree of politicization. These forms can be understood as representing three different ways of making political claims: by raising public awareness with respect to a given cause or issue, by trying to influence the policy maker through "insider" lobbying activities, and by protesting in the streets as "outsiders." Our findings show strong cross-national variations in all three forms of political activities, although not always following a consistent pattern...
May 2018: American Behavioral Scientist
Louis D Brown, Joseph C Berryhill, Eric C Jones
Media coverage of mental health and other social issues often relies on episodic narratives that suggest individualistic causes and solutions, while reinforcing negative stereotypes. Community narratives can provide empowering alternatives, serving as media advocacy tools used to shape the policy debate on a social issue. This article provides health promotion researchers and practitioners with guidance on how to develop and disseminate community narratives to broaden awareness of social issues and build support for particular programs and policy solutions...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
John Wilson, Anthony Talbot
The relevance of medical colleges has been questioned and their ability to respond to members' needs and system failures is unknown. We hypothesise that members believe that medical colleges are relevant to the current health agenda. We conducted a survey by email to determine satisfaction with the current state of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) relevance and tested agreement with suggestions for change. We found that of 21 000 survey links sent, 13.1% of addressees replied. When questioned regarding the current state, less than 50% of respondents agreed with any of eight positive statements...
June 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
Sophia P Gladding, Patrick T McGann, Andrea Summer, Christiana M Russ, Omolara T Uwemedimo, Martha Matamoros Aguilar, Rana Chakraborty, Molly Moore, Mary Lieh-Lai, Robert Opoka, Cynthia Howard, Chandy C John
Appeals for health equity call for departments of pediatrics to improve the health of all children including those from underserved communities in North America and around the world. Consequently, North American (NA) departments of pediatrics have a role in global child health (GCH) which focuses on providing health care to underserved children worldwide. In this review, we describe how NA departments of pediatrics can collaboratively engage in GCH education, clinical practice, research, and advocacy and summarize best practices, challenges, and next steps for engaging in GCH in each of these areas...
June 12, 2018: Pediatrics
Brenda Happell, Brett Scholz, Sarah Gordon, Julia Bocking, Pete Ellis, Cath Roper, Jackie Liggins, Chris Platania-Phung
INTRODUCTION: Australia and New Zealand mental health policy requires consumer participation in all aspects of mental health services. Systemic participation informs and improves the quality of mental health services. Collaboration with consumer researchers should be similarly required. Enhanced understandings of collaborations are needed. AIM: To enhance understanding of the perspectives and experiences of nonconsumer researchers in working collaboratively with consumers as researchers...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Hayden Jaques, Peter Lewis, Kate O'Reilly, Michele Wiese, Nathan J Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Delivery of high quality healthcare to people with intellectual disability requires nurses with specialised skills. In Australia, the roles and responsibilities of nurses caring for people with intellectual disability continue to evolve. In order to plan for the development of the role, it is timely to explore what is known about how nurses working in this specialised area currently practice. AIM: To identify the specialist role/s that nurses perform and the specialist skills that nurses use when caring for people with intellectual disability...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Anne M Skalicky, Anne M Rentz, Zhimei Liu, Qayyim Said, Jo Anne Nakagawa, Michael D Frost, James W Wheless, David W Dunn
AIMS: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a multi-organ autosomal-dominant, genetic disorder with incomplete penetrance. The multiple manifestations of TSC and impacts to numerous organ systems represent significant disease, health care and treatment burden. The economic and employment burden of the disease on individuals and their families is poorly understood. This study assessed the cost of illness and work and school productivity burden associated with TSC in a cross-sectional web-survey sample...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
L Brad Morgans, Nicholas Graham
Medical services in the austere and limited environment often require therapeutics and practices uncommon in modern times due to a lack of availability, affordability, or expertise in remote areas. In this setting, diethyl ether, or simply ether anesthesia, still serves a role today as an effective inhalation agent. An understanding of ether as an anesthetic not only illustrates the evolution in surgical anesthesia but also demonstrates ether's surviving function and durable use as a practical agent in developing nations...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Meghan Jarpe, Jennifer E Mosley, Bikki Tran Smith
OBJECTIVE: The Continuum of Care (CoC) process-a nationwide system of regional collaborative planning networks addressing homelessness-is the chief administrative method utilized by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development to prevent and reduce homelessness in the United States. The objective of this study is to provide a benchmark comprehensive picture of the structure and practices of CoC networks, as well as information about which of those factors are associated with lower service gaps, a key goal of the initiative...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Carol W Runyan, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Marian E Betz
Counseling about reducing access to lethal means of suicide, especially firearms, is a recommended practice in emergency departments (EDs) but does not occur routinely. Understanding influencers of decisions makers in health care (ED nurse leaders, mental health providers) and temporary firearm storage (law enforcement and gun retailers) could enhance practice. We surveyed these 4 groups in the 8-state region of the Mountain West. For ED nurse leaders (n = 190), hospital legal, risk management, and quality improvement representatives, and the ED nursing director were most often cited as influential, whereas mental health providers (n = 67) cited their own team...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
David Dodick, Lars Edvinsson, Tomohiko Makino, Wolfgang Grisold, Fumihiko Sakai, Rigmor Jensen, Alan Balch, Elena Ruiz de la Torre, Deborah Henscheid-Lorenz, Audrey Craven, Messoud Ashina
Background Headache disorders comprise the three most prevalent medical disorders globally and contribute almost 20% to the total burden of neurologic illness. Although the experience of a recurrent headache disorder tends to be highly individualized, patient preferences tend to be a low priority in guidelines for the management of patients with headache. Methods In September 2017, the first Global Patient Advocacy Summit was convened, bringing together patients, patient advocates, patient advocacy organizations, healthcare professionals, pharmaceutical manufacturers, scientists, and regulatory agencies to advance issues of importance to patients affected by headache worldwide...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Nisha Botchwey, Myron F Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L Schmid, Terry L Conway, J Aaron Hipp, Anna J Kim, M Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L Walker, Tina J Kauh, Jim F Sallis
BACKGROUND: The Physical Activity Research Center developed a research agenda that addresses youth physical activity (PA) and healthy weight, and aligns with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Culture of Health. This paper summarizes prioritized research studies with a focus on youth at higher risk for inactive lifestyles and childhood obesity in urban and rural communities. METHODS: Systematic literature reviews, a survey, and discussions with practitioners and researchers provided guidance on research questions to build evidence and inform effective strategies to promote healthy weight and PA in youth across race, cultural, and economic groups...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Jo M Wilmshurst, Alla Guekht, Mary Secco, J Helen Cross, Emilio Perucca
In May 2015 the World Health Assembly (WHA) approved the Resolution on the Global Burden of Epilepsy. This report addresses how the Resolution can be leveraged to improve the care of children with epilepsy worldwide. Children with epilepsy have unique needs and face unique challenges from stigma at all levels of society. Children lack a voice to lobby for their own needs, including their right to have access to education. Effective leadership and governance should be enhanced through the support of stakeholders empowered to counsel, advise, and lobby for appropriate care...
June 2018: Epilepsia Open
Beverley Duff, Debbie Massey, Russell Gooch, Marianne Wallis
Nurses are ideally positioned to recognise and respond to patient deterioration. However, premonitory signs of patient deterioration are often overlooked, not managed, or not communicated in a timely fashion. Education programs aimed at improving nurses' technical and non-technical skills have been developed, however, the outcomes of these educational strategies remain unclear. A quasi-experimental time series design was used in this study to evaluate the impact of a multi-modal education program (DeTER) on acute care nurses' technical and non-technical skill development and recognition and response to patient deterioration...
May 24, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
John Blake, Rana Yaghmaian, Jessica Brooks, Connor Fais, Fong Chan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to test an expanded model of Snyder's hope theory for prediction of participation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Statistical model testing focused on evaluation of hope theory constructs (i.e., agency thoughts and pathways thoughts) as serial mediators of relationships between attachment and community participation. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive design using multiple regression and correlational techniques...
May 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Pedro Goulart, Francisco J Veiga, Catarina Grilo
This article presents a dataset that combines several time series of economic variables for Portugal, from 1969 to 2015, which can be used to accurately measure the change in value of different series in the fisheries sector. Raw data includes total nominal revenue from fish landings measured in thousands of euros, a consumer price index, and the nominal exchange rate of the Portuguese escudo against the US dollar (only until 1998). We use these raw data series to correct for inflation and to produce information on fish landings measured in constant prices in euros and to discuss the impact of the exchange rate depreciation in the fish sector if measured in US dollars...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Kristina Callis Duffin, Joseph F Merola, Robin Christensen, John Latella, Amit Garg, Alice B Gottlieb, April W Armstrong
Importance: There is no consensus on which domains should be measured or which instruments should be used in clinical trials for psoriasis therapies. Objective: To achieve international consensus among psoriasis stakeholders on a core set of domains that should be measured in all psoriasis clinical trials. Design, Setting, and Participants: Literature review, pre-Delphi survey exercises, nominal group discussions, and audience voting at 4 stakeholder meetings were used to develop candidate domains for 2 rounds of a Delphi survey...
June 6, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
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