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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666702/an-evaluation-of-treatment-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-clients-on-the-dots-strategy-2012-2016
#1
Ato Kwamena Tetteh, Edward Agyarko, Joseph Otchere, Langbong Bimi, Irene Ayi
We present, for the first time, an evaluation of treatment outcomes in a cohort at a TB referral centre in the Central Region of Ghana. Of the 213 clients placed on DOTS, 59.2% (126/213) were sputum smear-positive. An overall cure rate of 90.2% (51.6% cured + 37.6% completed) and a death rate of 8.5% (18/213) were estimated. Of the number of clients who died, 5.7% (12/213) were males ( χ 2 = 2.891, p = 0.699; LR = 3.004, p = 0.699). Deaths were only recorded among clients who were > 19 years old ( χ 2 = 40...
2018: Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665723/a-human-rights-approach-to-advocacy-for-people-with-dementia-a-review-of-current-provision-in-england-and-wales
#2
Jeremy Dixon, Judy Laing, Christine Valentine
In this article, we review current advocacy services for people with dementia in England and Wales (provided, respectively, under the Mental Capacity Act 2005 , the Mental Health Act 1983 /2007 and the Care Act 2014) through the lens of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). We examine what a human rights' approach to advocacy support would entail, and whether current frameworks in England and Wales are adequate for this approach and provide a sufficient safeguard. First, we consider how the human rights of persons with dementia have become increasingly important and the extent to which the CRPD provides an opportunity to bolster safeguards and protection...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664153/using-the-advocacy-coalition-framework-and-multiple-streams-policy-theories-to-examine-the-role-of-evidence-research-and-other-types-of-knowledge-in-drug-policy
#3
Alison Ritter, Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes, Kari Lancaster, Robert Hoppe
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevailing 'evidence-based policy' paradigm emphasizes a technical-rational relationship between alcohol and drug research evidence and subsequent policy action. However, policy process theories do not start with this premise, and hence provide an opportunity to consider anew the ways in which evidence, research and other types of knowledge impact upon policy. This paper presents a case study, the police deployment of drug detection dogs, to highlight how two prominent policy theories [the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) and the Multiple Streams (MS) approach] explicate the relationship between evidence and policy...
April 17, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662949/dealing-with-deans-and-academic-medical-center-leadership-advice-from-leaders
#4
Fred Sanfilippo, Deborah Powell, Robert Folberg, Mark Tykocinski
The 2017 Association of Pathology Chairs Annual Meeting included a session for department chairs and other department leaders on "how to deal with deans and academic medical center leadership." The session was focused on discussing ways to foster positive relationships with university, medical school, and health system leaders, and productively address issues and opportunities with them. Presentations and a panel discussion were provided by 4 former pathology chairs who subsequently have served as medical deans and in other leadership positions including university provost, medical center CEO, and health system board chair...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661002/female-gynecologists-and-their-birth-control-clinics-eugenics-in-practice-in-1920s-1930s-china
#5
Mirela David
Yang Chao Buwei, the first Chinese translator of Margaret Sanger's What Every Girl Should Know, was the first female gynecologist to open up a birth control clinic in China. By the 1930s, other female gynecologists, like Guo Taihua, had internalized and combined national and eugenic concerns of race regeneration to focus on the control of women's reproduction. This symbiosis between racial regeneration and birth control is best seen in Yang Chongrui's integration of birth control into her national hygiene program...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659461/the-year-of-advocacy
#6
Mary Alexander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659373/association-of-academic-physiatrists-federal-funding-of-disability-and-rehabilitation-research-position-statement
#7
John Whyte
The Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP) seeks to advocate for policies that are supportive of academic rehabilitation, with elected officials, agency leaders, and other policy makers. Accordingly, the AAP's Public Policy Committee identifies policy issues of importance to the organizational mission, conducts background research on those issues, and develops position statements that articulate the organization's position. These position statements require approval by the Board of Trustees and are used to support advocacy efforts by AAP members...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659006/health-and-aging-policy-fellows-dementia-and-mental-health-policy-to-improve-lives-of-older-adults
#8
Pamela Z Cacchione, Kathleen M Pike, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Harrold A Pincus
The Health and Aging Policy Fellows (HAPF) Program has, since its inception in 2008, provided health policy training and mentorship for 113 gerontological professionals across a wide range of disciplines and stages of careers. The fellows' shared passion is the effective engagement of policy levers to improve the lives of older adults. This article briefly describes the HAPF Program and provides a sample of policies with which fellows have been engaged related to dementia and late-life mental health. Approximately 20% of the fellows have specifically addressed one of these areas during their fellowship year...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656912/the-voices-for-healthy-kids-and-state-legislation-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-an-update
#9
Sara N Bleich, Jesse C Jones-Smith, Hannah J Walters, Lainie Rutkow
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine general time trends in childhood obesity legislative activity in all 50 states (overall and by health equity focus) and whether the Voices for Healthy Kids Campaign (Voices) was associated with increased legislative activity. METHODS: LexisNexis State Capital was used to identify bills related to childhood obesity from 2012 to 2016. Linear and linear probability models were used to assess general time trends and regression-based difference-in-difference models to assess whether time trends differed for states that received a Voices grant...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656703/the-ethics-of-concurrent-care-for-children-a-social-justice-perspective
#10
Kim Mooney-Doyle, Jessica Keim-Malpass, Lisa C Lindley
Recent estimates indicate that over 40,000 children die annually in the United States and a majority have life-limiting conditions. Children at end of life require extensive healthcare resources, including multiple hospital readmissions and emergency room visits. Yet, many children still suffer from symptoms at end of life-including fatigue, pain, dyspnea, and anxiety-with less than 10% of these children utilizing hospice care services. A critical barrier to pediatric hospice use was the original federal regulations associated with the hospice care that required a diagnosis of 6 months to live and the discontinuation of all curative treatments...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653255/promoting-father-involvement-for-child-and-family-health
#11
REVIEW
Brandon S Allport, Sara Johnson, Anushka Aqil, Alain B Labrique, Timothy Nelson, Angela Kc, Yorghos Carabas, Arik V Marcell
Paternal involvement in children's lives is associated with a variety of child outcomes, from improved cognition and mental health to reduced obesity rates and asthma exacerbations. Given this evidence, the American Academy of Pediatrics has promoted actions by pediatricians to engage fathers in pediatric care. Despite these recommendations, the mother-child dyad remains a frequent focus of care, rather than the mother-father-child triad. Furthermore, pediatric care is often leveraged to improve maternal health, such as screening for maternal depression, but paternal health is infrequently addressed even as men tend to exhibit riskier behaviors, poorer primary care utilization, and lower life expectancy...
April 10, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651337/weaving-the-health-and-pharmaceutical-care-agenda-through-the-themes-of-the-commonwealth-heads-of-government-meeting-chogm-london-2018
#12
EDITORIAL
Victoria Rutter, Amy Hai Yan Chan, Chloe Tuck, Lina Bader, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Ian Bates
The biennial Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) this year is based around four key themes: prosperity, fairness, sustainability and security. This is an opportune time to consider the role of pharmacists in healthcare delivery, and particularly their contribution to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As a member of the Commonwealth Health Professions Alliance (CHPA), the Commonwealth Pharmacists Association (CPA) has been working to ensure that pharmacy-related aspects of health are represented in the advocacy papers submitted by Civil Society...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650742/supporting-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-to-participate-in-health-care-decision-making
#13
REVIEW
William F Sullivan, John Heng
OBJECTIVE: To discuss what is new in the revised guideline 3 of the "Primary care of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities [IDD]. 2018 Canadian consensus guidelines" on decision-making capacity, and how to implement the recommendations. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Integrative review based on a literature search, the framework of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and the experience of the authors. MAIN MESSAGE: Person-centred health care of adults with IDD should include all possible contributions from the patient in decision making...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650020/understanding-community-based-participatory-research-through-a-social-movement-framework-a-case-study-of-the-kahnawake-schools-diabetes-prevention-project
#14
Marie-Claude Tremblay, Debbie H Martin, Alex M McComber, Amelia McGregor, Ann C Macaulay
BACKGROUND: A longstanding challenge of community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been to anchor evaluation and practice in a relevant theoretical framework of community change, which articulates specific and concrete evaluative benchmarks. Social movement theories provide a broad range of theoretical tools to understand and facilitate social change processes, such as those involved in CBPR. Social movement theories have the potential to provide a coherent representation of how mobilization and collective action is gradually developed and leads to systemic change in the context of CBPR...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649966/a-systematic-review-of-intimate-partner-violence-interventions-state-of-the-field-and-implications-for-practitioners
#15
Nicole Trabold, James McMahon, Shannon Alsobrooks, Staci Whitney, Mona Mittal
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is a global public health issue and has serious consequences of women's health. While scholars and researchers have made some progress in addressing IPV and its impact across different levels of care, there is a paucity of intervention research in this area. For example, we know little about which intervention models work best for particular groups of IPV survivors. Previous reviews have concluded there is insufficient evidence to recommend specific treatment options for victims, but they have also been limited in scope of target populations or have employed narrow eligibility criteria...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648963/organizing-seniors-to-protect-the-health-safety-net-the-way-forward
#16
Leena Sharma, Carol Regan, Katherine S Villers
Over the past century, the organized voice of seniors has been critical in building the U.S. health safety net. Since the 2016 election, that safety net, particularly the Medicaid program, is in jeopardy. As we have seen with the rise of the Tea Party, senior support for healthcare programs-even programs that they use in large numbers-cannot and should not be taken for granted. This article provides a brief history of senior advocacy and an overview of the current senior organizing landscape. It also identifies opportunities for building the transformational organizing of low-income seniors needed to defend against sustained attacks on critical programs...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648954/what-happens-to-the-farm-australian-farmers-experiences-after-a-serious-farm-injury
#17
Jessica Beattie, Candis McLeod, Meg Murray, Daryl Pedler, Susan Brumby, Belinda Gabbe
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experiences of farmers on returning to farming following a serious farm-related injury. METHODS: Patients who had sustained major trauma on a farm in Victoria, Australia, were identified using the Victorian State Trauma Registry (VSTR). In depth, semistructured phone interviews were conducted with 31 participants. Interview data were subjected to thematic analysis to identify important recurring themes. Interviews continued until data saturation was achieved...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643501/prostate-cancer-and-social-media
#18
REVIEW
Stacy Loeb, Matthew S Katz, Aisha Langford, Nataliya Byrne, Shannon Ciprut
The use of social media is increasing globally and is employed in a variety of ways in the prostate cancer community. In addition to their use in research, advocacy, and awareness campaigns, social media offer vast opportunities for education and networking for patients with prostate cancer and health-care professionals, and many educational resources and support networks are available to patients with prostate cancer and their caregivers. Despite the considerable potential for social media to be employed in the field of prostate cancer, concerns remain - particularly regarding the maintenance of patient confidentiality, variable information quality, and possible financial conflicts of interest...
April 11, 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642716/thematic-analysis-of-blog-narratives-written-by-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-dementias-and-care-partners
#19
Kristie Kannaley, Shreya Mehta, Brooks Yelton, Daniela B Friedman
Limited research takes a socio-biographical approach to study the experiences and perspectives of individuals affected by Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. The purpose of this study was to thematically analyze blog narratives written by people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia and care partners in order to increase understanding of their experiences. Nineteen blogs written by people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia and 44 blogs written by care partners were analyzed. The first two authors utilized line-by-line open coding to analyze five posts from each group for the development of a codebook...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628175/syndemics-a-theory-in-search-of-data-or-data-in-search-of-a-theory
#20
Alexander C Tsai
The concept of a syndemic was proposed more than two decades ago to explain how large-scale social forces might give rise to co-occurring epidemics that synergistically interact to undermine health in vulnerable populations. This conceptual instrument has the potential to help policymakers and program implementers in their endeavors to improve population health. Accordingly, it has become an increasingly popular heuristic for advocacy, most notably in the field of HIV treatment and prevention. However, most empirical studies purporting to validate the theory of syndemics actually do no such thing...
March 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
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