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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453557/a-framework-for-regional-primary-health-care-to-organise-actions-to-address-health-inequities
#1
Toby Freeman, Sara Javanparast, Fran Baum, Anna Ziersch, Tamara Mackean
OBJECTIVES: Regional primary health-care organisations plan, co-ordinate, and fund some primary health-care services in a designated region. This article presents a framework for examining the equity performance of regional primary health-care organisations, and applies it to Australian Medicare Locals (funded from 2011 to 2015). METHODS: The framework was developed based on theory, literature, and researcher deliberation. Data were drawn from Medicare Local documents, an online survey of 210 senior Medicare Local staff, and interviews with 50 survey respondents...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452874/quality-of-prostate-cancer-screening-information-on-the-websites-of-nationally-recognized-cancer-centers-and-health-organizations
#2
Bogdan-Alexandru Manole, Daniel V Wakefield, Austin P Dove, Caleb R Dulaney, Samuel R Marcrom, David L Schwartz, Michael R Farmer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to survey the accessibility and quality of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening information from National Cancer Institute (NCI) cancer center and public health organization Web sites. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We surveyed the December 1, 2016, version of all 63 NCI-designated cancer center public Web sites and 5 major online clearinghouses from allied public/private organizations (cancer.gov, cancer.org, PCF.org, USPSTF...
December 24, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452519/patient-engagement-in-clinical-trials-the-clinical-trials-transformation-initiative-s-leadership-from-theory-to-practical-implementation
#3
Bray Patrick-Lake
Patient engagement is an increasingly important aspect of successful clinical trials. Over the past decade, as patient group involvement in clinical trials has continued to increase and diversify, the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative has not only recognized the crucial role patients play in improving the clinical trial enterprise but also made a deep commitment to help grow and shape the emerging field of patient engagement. This article describes the evolution of patient engagement including the origins of the patient engagement movement; barriers to successful engagement and remaining challenges to full and valuable collaboration between patient groups and trial sponsors; and Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative's role in influencing the field through organizational practices, formal project work and resulting recommendations, and external advocacy efforts...
February 2018: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452052/agency-and-fatalism-in-older-appalachian-women-s-information-seeking-about-gynecological-cancer
#4
Emma C Potter, Katherine R Allen, Karen A Roberto
Researchers consider older women in rural Appalachia to have low levels of agency and high levels of fatalism regarding decision making about cancer treatment. Using the life course perspective, we examined older women's agency with information seeking about gynecological cancer. Semistructured interviews with 20 White women living in central Appalachia revealed four trajectories: Surrendering Control, Accepting Death, Self-Care, and Advocacy, each with its own forms of agency. Some women experienced personal transformation, increased self-efficacy, and a passion for community empowerment...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450201/supporting-patients-self-managing-respiratory-health-a-qualitative-study-on-the-impact-of-the-breathe-easy-voluntary-group-network
#5
Ferhana Hashem, Rowena Merritt
Self-management strategies are designed to improve lung and respiratory health through structured self-management plans with regular practitioner reviews. Strategies have not, however, focused upon how patient support groups and advocacy networks can help with the management of these conditions; therefore, it is unknown what impact they may have on patient self-management. A qualitative study was designed to help understand what impact the British Lung Foundation's Breathe Easy (BE) groups have on patients managing their lung and respiratory conditions...
January 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448879/extending-access-to-care-accross-the-rural-us-south-preliminary-results-from-the-alabama-ehealth-programme
#6
Kriti M Jain, Prashanth Bhat, Cathy Maulsby, Alexandria Andersen, Tomas Soto, Ashley Tarrant, David R Holtgrave, Erin Nortrup, Melissa Werner, Laurie Dill
Purpose Using a mixed-methods formative evaluation, the purpose of this study was to provide a broad overview of the Alabama eHealth programme set-up and initial patient outcomes. The Alabama eHealth programme uses telemedicine to provide medical care to people living with HIV in rural Alabama. It was led by a community-based organisation, Medical Advocacy and Outreach (MAO), and supported by AIDS United and the Corporation for National Community Service's Social Innovation Fund with matching support from non-federal donors...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446464/nurse-advocacy-and-protection-of-older-people
#7
Tracey McDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446331/the-case-for-severe-mental-illness-as-a-disparities-category
#8
Matthew L Goldman, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Harold Alan Pincus
Extensive evidence documents that people with severe mental illness have higher rates of morbidity and mortality compared with the general population and receive lower-quality and higher-cost health care. These trends, at least in part, stem from discrimination, exclusion, widespread stigma, and criminalization of individuals with mental illness. As such, severe mental illness should receive formal, national recognition as a disparities category. Such a designation would have multiple important implications in health policy, services and quality research, and advocacy...
February 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445842/-rare-diseases-in-dentistry-and-oral-medicine-report-on-the-2017-first-national-congress
#9
Marcel Hanisch, Susanne Jung, Johannes Kleinheinz
On November 25, the first national congress for rare diseases in dentistry and oral medicine under the auspices of ACHSE e. V. and Orphanet was held in Muenster. With speakers from the field of medicine, dentistry, politics, patient advocacy groups, self-help groups and persons concerned, a platform for exchange between physicians and patients on an equal footing was offered to the participants. At the end of each of the 12 lectures, more than 300 national and international guests discussed the various issues and perspectives related to the topic of rare diseases in dentistry and oral medicine...
February 14, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442540/management-of-immune-related-adverse-events-in-patients-treated-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-therapy-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline
#10
Julie R Brahmer, Christina Lacchetti, Bryan J Schneider, Michael B Atkins, Kelly J Brassil, Jeffrey M Caterino, Ian Chau, Marc S Ernstoff, Jennifer M Gardner, Pamela Ginex, Sigrun Hallmeyer, Jennifer Holter Chakrabarty, Natasha B Leighl, Jennifer S Mammen, David F McDermott, Aung Naing, Loretta J Nastoupil, Tanyanika Phillips, Laura D Porter, Igor Puzanov, Cristina A Reichner, Bianca D Santomasso, Carole Seigel, Alexander Spira, Maria E Suarez-Almazor, Yinghong Wang, Jeffrey S Weber, Jedd D Wolchok, John A Thompson
Purpose To increase awareness, outline strategies, and offer guidance on the recommended management of immune-related adverse events in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICPi) therapy. Methods A multidisciplinary, multi-organizational panel of experts in medical oncology, dermatology, gastroenterology, rheumatology, pulmonology, endocrinology, urology, neurology, hematology, emergency medicine, nursing, trialist, and advocacy was convened to develop the clinical practice guideline. Guideline development involved a systematic review of the literature and an informal consensus process...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440834/prevention-and-control-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-overcoming-core-challenges-in-resource-poor-environments
#11
REVIEW
Scott Dougherty, Andrea Beaton, Bruno R Nascimento, Liesl J Z├╝hlke, Maziar Khorsandi, Nigel Wilson
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has long receded as a significant threat to public health in high-income countries. In low-resource settings, however, the specter of RHD remains unabated, as exemplified by recent data from the Global Burden of Diseases Study. There are many complex reasons for this ongoing global disparity, including inadequate data on disease burden, challenges in effective advocacy, ongoing poverty and inequality, and weak health systems, most of which predominantly affect developing nations...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439111/spotlight-on-the-safety-net-charlotte-center-for-legal-advocacy
#12
Maggie A Bailey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438486/the-role-of-the-food-industry-in-health-lessons-from-tobacco
#13
Simon Capewell, Ffion Lloyd-Williams
Introduction: In this review, we highlight poor diet as the biggest risk factor for non-communicable diseases. We examine the denial tactics used by the food industry, how they reflect the tactics previously used by the tobacco industry, and how campaigners can use this knowledge to achieve future public health successes. Sources of data: Data sources are wide ranging, notably publications relating to public health, obesity and processed food, the effectiveness hierarchy and food industry denialism tactics...
February 9, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437843/post-graduation-effects-of-an-advocacy-engagement-project-on-alumni-of-a-dental-hygiene-program
#14
Leciel K Bono, Ellen J Rogo, Kathleen Hodges, Alan C Frantz
The aim of this study was to investigate advocacy actions of dental hygiene program alumni who had completed a Legislative Advocacy Project (LAP) when they were students in the undergraduate or graduate program. Five variables were assessed: participation, frequency, perceived barriers, engagement, and mentorship. Alumni of the undergraduate and graduate programs were compared regarding frequency of and barriers encountered to legislative advocacy actions. A descriptive-comparative research design was used with quantitative and qualitative analysis...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436354/surrogacy-pathway-to-parenthood
#15
Rachel A Joseph, Alexandria M Rafanello, Cassidy J Morris, Kerry F Fleming
Assistive reproductive technology has progressed significantly over the past few decades. In spite of the advances, people may still resort to a surrogate for bearing and birthing a baby. Surrogacy, though an altruistic act, has been commercialized in the past few years, leading to emergence of several ethico-legal concerns. Nurses care for the surrogates, the infants, and the intended parents through their journey with sensitivity, advocacy, compassion, and confidentiality. This article intends to explore the implications of surrogacy to individuals, families, nations, and health care...
January 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433505/why-nutrition-education-is-inadequate-in-the-medical-curriculum-a-qualitative-study-of-students-perspectives-on-barriers-and-strategies
#16
Victor Mogre, Fred C J Stevens, Paul A Aryee, Anthony Amalba, Albert J J A Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: The provision of nutrition care by doctors is important in promoting healthy dietary habits, and such interventions can lead to reductions in disease morbidity, mortality, and medical costs. However, medical students and doctors report inadequate nutrition education and preparedness during their training at school. Previous studies investigating the inadequacy of nutrition education have not sufficiently evaluated the perspectives of students. In this study, students' perspectives on doctors' role in nutrition care, perceived barriers, and strategies to improve nutrition educational experiences are explored...
February 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433498/what-does-an-enabling-environment-for-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-look-like-at-implementation-level-perspectives-from-a-multi-stakeholder-process-in-the-breede-valley-sub-district-western-cape-south-africa
#17
L M Du Plessis, M H McLachlan, S E Drimie
BACKGROUND: Breede Valley is a sub-district of the Cape Winelands district, Western Cape Province, South Africa. The administrative capital of the district is situated in the semi-rural town Worcester. Findings of a baseline survey in Worcester revealed poor infant feeding practices and childhood under- and overnutrition, with particular concern over high levels of stunting and low dietary diversity. Maternal overweight and obesity was high. These characteristics made the site suitable to study multi-sectoral arrangements for infant and young child nutrition (IYCN)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427688/asset-based-community-development-as-a-strategy-for-developing-local-global-health-curricula
#18
Sarah Webber, Sabrina M Butteris, Laura Houser, Karen Coller, Ryan J Coller
BACKGROUND: A significant and growing proportion of US children have immigrant parents, an issue of increasing importance to pediatricians. Training globally minded pediatric residents to address health inequities related to globalization is an important reason to expand educational strategies around local global health (LGH). METHODS: We developed a curriculum in the pediatric global health residency track at the University of Wisconsin in an effort to address gaps in LGH education and to increase resident knowledge about local health disparities for global community members...
February 7, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427482/how-to-improve-access-to-therapy-in-hepatitis-b-patients
#19
REVIEW
Miroslava Subic, Fabien Zoulim
Despite the availability of a preventive vaccine and active antiviral treatments that stop disease progression and reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatitis B is still a major public health problem. Only an estimated 10% of the 257 million people living with HBV have been diagnosed and as few as 1% are being adequately treated. Barriers to diagnosis and treatment include: (i) limited awareness and lack of knowledge about HBV infection and HBV-related diseases; (ii) under-diagnosis with insufficient screening and referral to care; (iii) limited treatment due to drug availability, costs, reimbursement policies and the need for long-term or life-long therapy...
February 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426314/overcoming-barriers-to-access-and-utilization-of-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-services-in-northern-nigeria-an-evaluation-of-facility-health-committees
#20
Olugbenga Oguntunde, Isa M Surajo, Dauda Sulaiman Dauda, Abdulsamad Salihu, Salma Anas-Kolo, Irit Sinai
BACKGROUND: Poor quality of health services and socio-cultural dynamics may severely limit utilization of health services. Facility health committees were established in several states in northern Nigeria to reduce these barriers. The committees were charged with mobilizing communities, improving quality of health services, and promoting utilization of maternal and child health services. This study assessed this intervention. METHODS: To obtain a comprehensive picture of facility health committees' influence on maternal and child health services, we selected 33 facilities in three states in northern Nigeria (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano) where the intervention was active...
February 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
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