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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109423/moving-beyond-the-debate-over-restricting-sugary-drinks-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#1
EDITORIAL
Marlene B Schwartz
To address the dual problem of food insecurity and poor nutrition, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has recently revised the nutrition standards for nearly all of its federal food programs to align with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. One notable exception is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Policy proposals to restrict SNAP benefits based on nutrition quality (e.g., excluding sugary drinks) have generated controversy and have polarized previous research and advocacy allies. This essay presents many of the issues that have emerged, which include challenges about the feasibility, justification, and effectiveness of restricting benefits; the risk of a slippery slope; concerns about participant dignity; and finally, distrust about the motives behind promoting and opposing a policy change...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107161/art-therapy-exhibitions-exploitation-or-advocacy
#2
Terri Davis
Promoting awareness of human trafficking by sharing trauma survivors' art and summaries of their life stories suggests ethical complexities that have been typically neglected by bioethicists. Although these survivors voluntarily share the objects they created during art therapy sessions, they are still at risk of harm, including further exploitation, due to their vulnerability, high rates of victim sensitivity, and the mental health consequences of their traumatic experiences. While some argue that the benefits of sublimation and art therapy for human trafficking survivors make sharing their art worth the risk, anti-trafficking organizations and supporters of such art exhibitions have responsibilities to be trauma informed...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107154/taking-up-the-mantle-of-human-trafficking-education-who-should-be-responsible
#3
Carrie A Bohnert, Aaron W Calhoun, Olivia F Mittel
Human trafficking is a global human rights issue with long-range health consequences about which physicians are largely uneducated. Medical schools are uniquely positioned to address this gap. All future physicians, regardless of specialty, must learn to identify victims and refer them to trauma-informed treatment. Research and advocacy are needed to address the lack of rigorously evaluated curricula in this area, impact policy, and improve services for victims of this heinous form of exploitation.
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107151/saving-the-starfish-physicians-roles-in-responding-to-human-rights-abuses-in-global-health-practice
#4
Monir Moniruzzaman
This paper examines how an overseas medical student can improve the life of a kamlari, an indentured servant girl in Nepal. I argue that physicians and students should not only provide care for the health and well-being of patients but also act to ameliorate the suffering of their patients, particularly when patients' social, cultural, economic, and political vulnerabilities overshadow their immediate clinical needs. I also address the point that medical schools need to offer courses on health advocacy and activism in order to promote health equity and social justice for all...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105710/experiences-of-parents-of-children-with-special-needs-at-school-entry-a-mixed-method-approach
#5
A Siddiqua, M Janus
BACKGROUND: The transition from pre-school to kindergarten can be complex for children who need special assistance due to mental or physical disabilities (children with 'special needs'). We used a convergent mixed method approach to explore parents' experiences with service provision as their children transitioned to school. METHODS: Parents (including one grandparent) of 37 children aged 4 to 6 years completed measures assessing their perceptions of and satisfaction with services...
January 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104039/challenges-in-implementing-individual-placement-and-support-in-the-australian-mental-health-service-and-policy-context
#6
Yolande Stirling, Kate Higgins, Melissa Petrakis
Objective Although Australia's service and policy context differs from that of the US, studies have highlighted potential for individual placement and support (IPS) to support competitive employment outcomes for people with severe and persistent mental illness. The aim of the present study was to explore why the model is not yet widely available.Methods A document analysis was conducted to discern reasons for challenges in implementation of IPS practice principles within the Australian service context.Results The document analysis illustrated that although policy acknowledges the importance of increasing employment rates for people with severe and persistent mental illness, consistent measures, change indicators, direction and time frames are lacking in policy and strategy documentation...
January 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099743/professionally-responsible-advocacy-for-professional-liability-law
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099661/pharmaceutical-lobbying-in-brazil-a-missing-topic-in-the-public-health-research-agenda
#8
Francisco José Roma Paumgartten
In the US, where registration of lobbyists is mandatory, the pharmaceutical industry and private health-care providers spend huge amounts of money seeking to influence health policies and government decisions. In Brazil, where lobbying lacks transparency, there is virtually no data on drug industry expenditure to persuade legislators and government officials of their viewpoints and to influence decision-making according to commercial interests. Since 1990, however, the Associação da Indústria Farmacêutica de Pesquisa (Interfarma - Pharmaceutical Research Industry Association), Brazilian counterpart of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA), main lobbying organization of the US pharmaceutical industry, has played a major role in the advocacy of interests of major drug companies...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097637/moving-from-patient-advocacy-to-partnership-a-long-and-bumpy-road
#9
Durhane Wong-Rieger
Real-life experiences of grassroots patient organizations across a variety of diseases, countries and contexts have been used to develop a four-mode framework of the transition from patient advocacy to partnership, defined by one axis as individual versus collective action and the other axis as activities 'outside' or 'inside' the system. The four quadrants are labeled as advocacy, activism, reform and broker, and engagement is further refined by whether the participation is 'pushed' by the group or 'pulled' by the system...
January 17, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096107/the-polio-endgame-rationale-behind-the-change-in-immunisation
#10
Julie Garon, Manish Patel
The decades long effort to eradicate polio is nearing the final stages and oral polio vaccine (OPV) is much to thank for this success. As cases of wild poliovirus continue to dwindle, cases of paralysis associated with OPV itself have become a concern. As type-2 poliovirus (one of three) has been certified eradicated and a large proportion of OPV-related paralysis is caused by the type-2 component of OPV, the World Health Assembly endorsed the phased withdrawal of OPV and the introduction of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into routine immunisation schedules as a crucial step in the polio endgame plan...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096009/perceptions-of-dying-well-and-distressing-death-by-acute-care-nurses
#11
Christine A Becker, Greg Wright, Kristen Schmit
AIM: This study aims to identify perceptions of nurses practicing in four adult inpatient units regarding their actions to provide quality end of life care for dying patients, their definitions of dying well, and their symptoms of distress and actions they took for relief. BACKGROUND: Nurses caring for patients who are dying want them to have the best death possible; however, many nurses are not prepared for every death which may occur. METHODS: Qualitative questionnaire data were collected from 49 nurses on four adult inpatient nursing units to analyze nurse perceptions of distressing death and dying well...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095811/an-integrated-recovery-oriented-model-irm-for-mental-health-services-evolution-and-challenges
#12
Barry G Frost, Srinivasan Tirupati, Suzanne Johnston, Megan Turrell, Terry J Lewin, Ketrina A Sly, Agatha M Conrad
BACKGROUND: Over past decades, improvements in longer-term clinical and personal outcomes for individuals experiencing serious mental illness (SMI) have been moderate, although recovery has clearly been shown to be possible. Recovery experiences are inherently personal, and recovery can be complex and non-linear; however, there are a broad range of potential recovery contexts and contributors, both non-professional and professional. Ongoing refinement of recovery-oriented models for mental health (MH) services needs to be fostered...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095051/improving-personal-self-advocacy-skills-for-individuals-with-brain-injury-a-randomized-pilot-feasibility-study
#13
Lenore Hawley, Don Gerber, Clare Morey
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a self-advocacy intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel-design, randomized feasibility study. METHODS: Twelve participants, 1-year or more post-ABI (TBI and cerebral vascular accident (CVA)), were randomized into treatment/control groups. The treatment group received a group intervention and workbook; the control group received the workbook only. Outcome measures, taken at baseline, post-treatment and 6-weeks follow-up, included the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) and two exploratory measures developed for the study: the Self Advocacy Scale (SAS) and the Personal Advocacy Activity Scale (PAAS)...
January 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090112/demystifying-advocacy-moving-faculty-and-students-toward-citizen-engagement-report-of-the-2015-2016-aacp-standing-committee-on-advocacy
#14
Daniel C Robinson, Michelle R Easton, Diane B Ginsburg, Macary Marciniak, Marc A Sweeny, William G Lang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089294/the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-workforce-survey-for-the-section-on-urology-2015
#15
E Shapiro, Christopher S Cooper, S Greenfield
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Division of Workforce and Medical Education Policy assumed the task of organizing the updated AAP Workforce Survey, which was modeled after the Future of Pediatric Education II study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate changes in practice patterns of all pediatric medical and surgical specialists over time, to facilitate advocacy work by the Academy at federal and state levels...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086866/perceptions-and-utilization-of-generic-medicines-in-guatemala-a-mixed-methods-study-with-physicians-and-pharmacy-staff
#16
David Flood, Irène Mathieu, Anita Chary, Pablo García, Peter Rohloff
BACKGROUND: Access to low-cost essential generic medicines is a critical health policy goal in low-and-middle income countries (LMICs). Guatemala is an LMIC where there is both limited availability and affordability of these medications. However, attitudes of physicians and pharmacy staff regarding low-cost generics, especially generics for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), have not been fully explored in Guatemala. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 30 pharmacy staff and 12 physicians in several highland towns in Guatemala were conducted...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078534/health-care-transition-planning-among-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Casey Walsh, Barbara Jones, Alison Schonwald
Improving the health care transition process for youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is critically important. This study was designed to examine the overall national transition core outcome among youth with ASD and each of the component measures of health care transition planning. Fewer than 10% of youth with ASD meet the national transition core outcome. Among youth with ASD, there is greater disparity in health care transition planning for non-Hispanic black youth, youth with family income <400% of the federal poverty line, and youth with more severe activity limitation...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076920/effectiveness-of-impact-ability-to-improve-safety-and-self-advocacy-skills-in-students-with-disabilities-follow-up-study
#18
Eileen M Dryden, Jeffrey Desmarais, Lisa Arsenault
BACKGROUND: Research shows that individuals with disabilities are more likely to experience abuse than their peers without disabilities. Yet, few evidenced-based abuse prevention interventions exist. This study examines whether positive outcomes identified previously in an evaluation of IMPACT:Ability were maintained 1 year later. METHODS: A survey measuring safety and self-advocacy knowledge, confidence, and behaviors among special education high-school students was administered 12 months post-training...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076578/confirmed-clinical-case-of-chronic-kidney-disease-of-nontraditional-causes-in-agricultural-communities-in-central-america-a-case-definition-for-surveillance
#19
Alejandro Ferreiro, Guillermo Álvarez-Estévez, Manuel Cerdas-Calderón, Zulma Cruz-Trujillo, Elio Mena, Marina Reyes, Mabel Sandoval-Diaz, Vicente Sánchez-Polo, Régulo Valdés, Pedro Ordúnez
Over the last 20 years, many reports have described an excess of cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Pacific coastal area of Central America, mainly affecting male farmworkers and signaling a serious public health problem. Most of these cases are not associated with traditional risk factors for CKD, such as aging, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. This CKD of nontraditional causes (CKDnT) might be linked to environmental and/or occupational exposure or working conditions, limited access to health services, and poverty...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073997/beyond-ageist-attitudes-researchers-call-for-nih-action-to-limit-funding-for-older-academics
#20
Eva Kahana, Michael R Slone, Boaz Kahana, Kaitlyn Barnes Langendoerfer, Courtney Reynolds
PURPOSE: This article explores manifestations of ageism in response to a proposed National Institutes of Health (NIH) Emeritus Grant initiative aimed at funding older investigators. DESIGN AND METHODS: Comments were requested by NIH in 2015, through a Request for Information (RFI) as well as a public blog regarding the merits of a proposed grant mechanism that would help older researchers transfer their labs to junior scientists and transition into retirement. This article reports content analysis of comments from 134 respondents to the blog...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
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