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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333640/comparing-mental-health-of-us-children-of-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-in-4-racial-ethnic-groups
#1
JaHun Kim, Semret Nicodimos, Siri E Kushner, Isaac C Rhew, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep
BACKGROUND: To compare the mental health status of children of immigrant (COI) and non-immigrant (NI) parents and to determine whether differences in mental health status between COI and NI vary across 4 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: We conducted universal mental health screening of 2374 sixth graders in an urban public school district. To screen, we administered well-validated adolescent depression and disruptive behavior problem questionnaires. We evaluated associations between child mental health, parent immigration status, and race/ethnicity using binomial regression...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331978/postdischarge-service-utilisation-and-outcomes-among-chinese-and-south-asian-psychiatric-inpatients-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Maria Chiu, Evgenia Gatov, Juveria Zaheer, Michael Lebenbaum, Longdi Fu, Alice Newman, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the short-term and long-term impacts of psychiatric hospitalisations among patients of Chinese and South Asian origin. DESIGN: Retrospective population-based cohort study using linked health administrative data. SETTING: We examined all adult psychiatric inpatients discharged between 1 April 2006 and 31 March 2014 in Ontario, Canada, who were classified as Chinese, South Asian and all other ethnicities (ie, 'general population') using a validated algorithm...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330250/the-intersection-of-national-immigration-and-healthcare-policy
#3
Jeffrey Douaiher, Douglas J Inciarte, Edibaldo Silva
Immigration policy and health care policy remain principal undertakings of the federal government. The two have recently been pursued independently in the judicial and legislative arenas. Unbeknownst to many policymakers, however, national immigration policy and health care policy are linked in ways that, if unattended, could undermine the well-being of a significant portion of the US population, specifically medically underserved rural and urban populations. Using current data from a workforce report of the Association of American Colleges and the published literature, we demonstrate the significant impact that contemporary immigration policy directives may have on the number and distribution of international medical graduates who currently provide-and by the year 2025 will provide-a significant portion of primary health care in the United States, especially in underserved small urban and rural communities...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329436/development-of-the-place-based-adelante-social-marketing-campaign-for-prevention-of-substance-use-sexual-risk-and-violence-among-latino-immigrant-youth
#4
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
January 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329117/ce-original-research-physical-activity-among-chinese-american-immigrants-with-prediabetes-or-type-2-diabetes
#5
Sophia H Hu, Mei R Fu, Shan Liu, Yen-Kuang Lin, Wen-Yin Chang
Findings from this mixed-methods study reveal deficits and suggest areas for change. ABSTRACT: Background: Although the benefits of aerobic exercise and strength training for patients with type 2 diabetes have been studied extensively, research on physical activity among Chinese American immigrants diagnosed with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes has been limited. PURPOSE: We sought to learn more about this population's knowledge of physical activity, the types and intensity levels performed, and the barriers to such activity...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325097/barriers-to-health-care-services-for-migrants-living-with-hiv-in-spain
#6
Patricia Ndumbi, J Del Romero, F Pulido, M Velasco Arribas, F Dronda, J Ramón Blanco Ramos, P García de Olalla, I Ocaña, J Belda-Ibañez, J Del Amo, D Álvarez-Del Arco
Background: In Spain, migrants are disproportionately affected by HIV and experience high rates of late diagnosis. We investigated barriers to health care access among migrants living with HIV (MLWH) in Spain. Methods: Cross sectional electronic survey of 765 adult HIV-positive migrants recruited within 18 health care settings between July 2013 and July 2015. We collected epidemiological, demographic, behavioral and clinical data. We estimated the prevalence and risk factors of self-reported barriers to health care using multivariable logistic regression...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320464/sti-knowledge-in-berlin-adolescents
#7
Frederik Tilmann von Rosen, Antonella Juline von Rosen, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider, Inken Damberg, Peter Tinnemann
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) pose a significant threat to individual and public health. They disproportionately affect adolescents and young adults. In a cross-sectional study, we assessed self-rated and factual STI knowledge in a sample of 9th graders in 13 secondary schools in Berlin, Germany. Differences by age, gender, migrant background, and school type were quantified using bivariate and multivariable analyses. A total of 1177 students in 61 classes participated. The mean age was 14.6 (SD = 0...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315777/parental-education-and-family-income-affect-birth-weight-early-longitudinal-growth-and-body-mass-index-development-differently
#8
Rebecka Bramsved, Susann Regber, Daniel Novak, Kirsten Mehlig, Lauren Lissner, Staffan Mårild
AIM: This study investigated the effects of two parental socioeconomic characteristics, education and income, on the growth and obesity risks of children from birth to eight years of age. METHODS: Longitudinal growth data and national register-based information on socioeconomic characteristics were available for 3,030 Swedish children. The development of body mass index (BMI) and height were compared in groups dichotomised by parental education and income. RESULTS: Low parental education was associated with a higher BMI from four years of age, independent of income, immigrant background, maternal BMI and smoking during pregnancy...
January 7, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310606/ethnic-disparities-in-breast-cancer-survival-in-new-zealand-which-factors-contribute
#9
Sandar Tin Tin, J Mark Elwood, Charis Brown, Diana Sarfati, Ian Campbell, Nina Scott, Reena Ramsaroop, Sanjeewa Seneviratne, Vernon Harvey, Ross Lawrenson
BACKGROUND: New Zealand has major ethnic disparities in breast cancer survival with Māori (indigenous people) and Pacific women (immigrants or descended from immigrants from Pacific Islands) faring much worse than other ethnic groups. This paper identified underlying factors and assessed their relative contribution to this risk differential. METHODS: This study involved all women who were diagnosed with primary invasive breast cancer in two health regions, covering about 40% of the national population, between January 2000 and June 2014...
January 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310603/characteristics-of-positive-interaction-parenting-style-among-primiparous-teenage-optimal-age-and-advanced-age-mothers-in-canada
#10
Theresa H M Kim, Jennifer A Connolly, Michael Rotondi, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Positive-interaction parenting early in childhood is encouraged due to its association with behavioural development later in life. The objective of this study was to examine if the level of positive-interaction parenting style differs among teen, optimal age, and advanced age mothers in Canada, and to identify the characteristics associated with positive-interaction parenting style separately for each age group. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310509/occupational-health-in-community-health-centers-practitioner-challenges-and-recommendations
#11
Juliana M Simmons, Amy K Liebman, Rosemary K Sokas
Primary care clinicians may be the only source of occupational healthcare for many low-wage, high-risk workers who experience disproportionate occupational hazards. The authors explored barriers to providing occupational healthcare and recommendations for overcoming these challenges. The team conducted six focus groups and eleven key-informant interviews in two community health centers and among clinicians, community health workers, and other personnel from similar settings. Clinicians reported not utilizing occupational information during clinical encounters and identified competing priorities, limited appointment time, and lack of training as key barriers...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306349/creating-a-hostile-environment-for-migrants-the-british-government-s-use-of-health-service-data-to-restrict-immigration-is-a-very-bad-idea
#12
Lucinda Hiam, Sarah Steele, Martin McKee
In January 2017, the UK Government made public a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Department of Health, National Health Service (NHS) Digital and the Home Office. This Memorandum allows for the more expedited sharing of a patient's non-clinical data, specifically from the NHS England to the Home Office. The Government justified the MoU as in the 'public interest to support effective immigration enforcement'. In this review, we seek to unpack this justification by providing, first, a background to the MoU, placing it in the context of creating a 'hostile environment' for migrants - a project initially sought by Theresa May in her time as Home Secretary...
January 8, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305824/social-capital-and-health-among-older-chinese-immigrants-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-sample-in-a-canadian-prairie-city
#13
Hai Luo, Verena Menec
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between social capital and health among Chinese immigrants. The sample included 101 older Chinese immigrants aged 60 to 96 who were recruited in 2013 in a city on the Canadian prairies. Participant completed a questionnaire assessing their structural and cognitive social capital (views on community, trust and reciprocity, civic participation, social networks and support, and social participation), physical and mental health status (SF-36), and sociodemographic characteristics...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297206/no-jab-no-record-catch-up-vaccination-of-children-in-immigration-detention
#14
Karen M Kiang, Sonja Elia, Georgia A Paxton
International Health and Medical Services (IHMS) are contracted to provide health services, including catch-up vaccination, for individuals in immigration detention. Our audit of catch-up vaccination in asylum seeker children who spent time in held detention demonstrates inadequate and suboptimal vaccine delivery in this setting, and no evidence that IHMS recorded vaccines on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register at the time. We also found substantial shortfalls in vaccination for these children after they were released from detention...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294828/prevalence-and-correlates-of-forced-sex-as-a-self-reported-mode-of-hiv-acquisition-among-a-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#15
Carmen H Logie, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Nadia O'Brien, Pat O'Campo, Jay MacGillivray, Uzma Ahmed, Nikita Arora, Lu Wang, Shahab Jabbari, Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Tracey Conway, Paul Sereda, Mona Loutfy
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global epidemic associated with increased HIV exposure. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of HIV acquisition via forced sex among women living with HIV (WLWH) in Canada. Baseline questionnaire data were analyzed for WLWH (≥16 years) with data on self-reported mode of HIV acquisition, enrolled in a community-based cohort study in British Columbia, Ontario, and Québec. We assessed forced sex (childhood, adulthood) as a self-reported mode of HIV acquisition. Of 1,330 participants, the median age was 42 (interquartile range [IQR] = 35-50) years; 23...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294734/intimate-partner-violence-prevalence-recurrence-types-and-risk-factors-among-arab-and-jewish-immigrant-and-nonimmigrant-women-of-childbearing-age-in-israel
#16
Nihaya Daoud, Ruslan Sergienko, Ilana Shoham-Vardi
This research set out to determine prevalence, recurrence, types, and risk factors for intimate partner violence (IPV) among women of childrearing age across Israel, attending to diversity in these factors by ethnicity and immigration status. The first nationwide study of its kind, this research was based on a stratified proportional cluster sample of 1,401 Arab, and Jewish immigrant and nonimmigrant women (aged 16-48 years) who visited 63 maternal and child health (MCH) clinics between October 2014 and October 2015...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289856/chinese-immigrant-use-of-smartphone-apps-toward-improving-child-mental-health-awareness-and-resource-delivery-a-pilot-study
#17
Emily Wu, John Torous, Cindy Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288343/psychological-outcomes-of-within-group-sexual-violence-evidence-of-cultural-betrayal
#18
Jennifer M Gómez, Jennifer J Freyd
Cultural betrayal trauma theory is a new framework for understanding trauma-related mental health outcomes in immigrant and minority populations. The purpose of the current study is to empirically test cultural betrayal trauma theory. We hypothesized that the association between within-group sexual violence and mental health outcomes would be stronger for minorities. Participants (N = 368) were minority and majority college students, who completed online measures of sexual violence victimization and mental health outcomes...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285629/higher-risk-of-gastric-cancer-among-immigrants-to-ontario-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study-with-over-2-million-individuals
#19
Rinku Sutradhar, Nnenna Asidianya, Faith Lee, Natalie Coburn, Linda Rabeneck, Lawrence Paszat
BACKGROUND: The risk of gastric carcinoma (GC) varies around the world and between females and males. We aimed to compare the risk of GC among immigrants to Ontario, Canada, to the risk of GC in its general population. METHODS: This was a retrospective population-based matched cohort study from 1991 to 2014. We identified immigrants who were first eligible for the Ontario Health Insurance Plan at age 40 years or older, and matched 5 controls by year of birth and sex...
December 28, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284761/refugees-in-conflict-creating-a-bridge-between-traditional-and-conventional-health-belief-models
#20
Eran Ben-Arye, Massimo Bonucci, Michel Daher, Rejin Kebudi, Bashar Saad, Thomas Breitkreuz, Maryam Rassouli, Elio Rossi, Nahla Gafer, Omar Nimri, Mohamed Hablas, Gunver Sophia Kienle, Noah Samuels, Michael Silbermann
The recent wave of migration from Middle Eastern countries to Europe presents significant challenges to the European health profession. These include the inevitable communication gap created by differences in health care beliefs between European oncologists, health care practitioners, and refugee patients. This article presents the conclusions of a workshop attended by a group of clinicians and researchers affiliated with the Middle East Cancer Consortium, as well as four European-based health-related organizations...
December 28, 2017: Oncologist
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