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Immigrant health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647805/a-comprehensive-health-profile-of-guyanese-immigrants-aged-18-64-in-schenectady-new-york
#1
Akiko S Hosler, Jamie R Kammer
Guyanese immigrants are the 5th largest foreign-born group in NY State, but sparse literature is available on their health status and health needs. A community-based health interview survey of Schenectady NY residents aged 18-64 (N = 1861) was analyzed. Bivariate comparisons between Guyanese respondents and White, Black, and Hispanic respondents were made for each variable to identify disparities. As predominantly low SES immigrants, Guyanese adults were less likely to be covered by health insurance, have a usual place for care, and receive cancer screenings...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645250/labour-market-marginalisation-after-mental-disorders-among-young-natives-and-immigrants-living-in-sweden
#2
Magnus Helgesson, Petter Tinghög, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Fredrik Saboonchi, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the associations between mental disorders and three different measures of labour-market marginalisation, and differences between native Swedes and immigrants. METHODS: The study comprised 1,753,544 individuals, aged 20-35 years, and resident in Sweden 2004. They were followed 2005-2011 with regard to disability pension, sickness absence (≥90 days) and unemployment (≥180 days). Immigrants were born in Western countries (Nordic countries, EU, Europe outside EU or North-America/Oceania), or in non-Western countries (Africa, Asia or South-America)...
June 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643110/refugee-children-s-sandplay-narratives-in-immigration-detention-in-canada
#3
Rachel Kronick, Cécile Rousseau, Janet Cleveland
Asylum seeking children arriving in Canada regularly face incarceration in medium-security-style immigration detention centres. Research demonstrates the human cost of detaining migrant children and families and the psychiatric burden linked with such imprisonment. This study aims to understand the lived experiences of children aged 3-13 held in detention. Informed by a qualitative methodology of narrative inquiry, child participants created worlds in the sand and generated stories to express their subjective experience...
June 22, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#4
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637536/mental-health-morbidity-among-people-subject-to-immigration-detention-in-the-uk-a-feasibility-study
#5
P Sen, J Arugnanaseelan, E Connell, C Katona, A A Khan, P Moran, K Robjant, K Slade, J Tan, K Widyaratna, J Youd, A Forrester
AIMS: The UK has one of the largest systems of immigration detention in Europe.. Those detained include asylum-seekers and foreign national prisoners, groups with a higher prevalence of mental health vulnerabilities compared with the general population. In light of little published research on the mental health status of detainees in immigration removal centres (IRCs), the primary aim of this study was to explore whether it was feasible to conduct psychiatric research in such a setting...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636445/developing-a-casper-survey-to-assess-the-prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-texas
#6
Seth Smitherman, Tracy Hammond, Daniel Goldberg, Jennifer Horney
While more than a billion people live at risk of neglected tropical diseases in areas of Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America, the degree to which such diseases burden countries like the United States is currently unclear. Even though many neglected tropical diseases such as dengue, leishmaniasis, and Chagas disease are not endemic to the United States, the possibility of their emergence is noteworthy, especially in states like Texas, which has high levels of poverty, a large immigrant population, and a climate amenable to the vectors for these diseases and is geographically proximate to endemic areas...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633697/capacity-strengthening-through-pre-migration-tuberculosis-screening-programmes-irhwg-experiences
#7
P Douglas, D L Posey, D Zenner, J Robson, I Abubakar, G Giovinazzo
Effective tuberculosis (TB) prevention and care for migrants requires population health-based approaches that treat the relationship between migration and health as a progressive, interactive process influenced by many variables and addressed as far upstream in the process as possible. By including capacity building in source countries, pre-migration medical screening has the potential to become an integral component of public health promotion, as well as infection and disease prevention, in migrant-receiving nations, while simultaneously increasing capabilities in countries of origin...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629295/reliability-and-validity-of-somali-version-of-the-phq-9-in-primary-care-practice
#8
Vasumathi Nallusamy, Mohamud Afgarshe, Heather Shlosser
Objectives Depression is one of the common mental health problems noticed in immigrants because of the experiences related to their resettlement which is the case for Somali population. Depression increases mortality, morbidity, disability, and costs of health care which can be controlled by screening depression in the primary care setting using a culturally and linguistically congruent screening tool. The aim of the current study is to translate the English PHQ-9 into Somali language using evidence-based translational methodology and establish psychometric properties of the Somali PHQ-9...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629275/applying-learning-theory-to-safety-and-health-training-for-hispanic-immigrant-dairy-workers
#9
Patricia M Juárez-Carrillo, Amy K Liebman, Iris Anne C Reyes, Yurany V Ninco Sánchez, Matthew C Keifer
We designed a safety and health curriculum for dairy immigrant workers aiming to increase knowledge, encourage safe behavior, and reduce worker communication inequalities to prevent occupational injury and diseases. The design is largely based on the Taxonomy of Significant Learning and incorporated behavioral and adult learning theories and principles of occupational hazard control. Trainings were implemented with 836 Spanish-speaking workers from 67 farms in Wisconsin. Sixty-seven percent of workers reported never being trained before in dairy safety, 65% of these worked in dairy for 5 or fewers years, and 26% of workers reported being ever injured while working on dairy...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627321/diabetes-knowledge-management-and-prevention-among-haitian-immigrants-in-philadelphia
#10
Rhoda K Moise, Donaldson F Conserve, Bilikisu Elewonibi, Lori A Francis, Rhonda BeLue
Purpose Guided by the PEN-3 Cultural Model, the purpose of this study is to generate culturally framed insight into diabetes knowledge, management, and prevention among Haitians. Despite the disproportionate distribution of type II diabetes mellitus among US minorities, limited research explores outcomes within racial ethnic groups. It is particularly important to disaggregate the large racial-ethnic groups of black given the population growth among foreign-born blacks, such as Haitians, whose population has more than quadrupled in recent decades...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626298/stress-and-coping-latino-youth-coming-of-age-in-a-new-latino-destination
#11
Maria Brietzke, Krista Perreira
Previous research has linked stress to adverse mental health outcomes among Latino adolescents living in the United States. The mechanism through which this process operates continues to be explored, especially in regions of the country where Latin American immigrants and their children have only recently begun to migrate. Our study aimed to contextualize the processes of stress and coping among Latino adolescents growing up in an emerging Latino destination in the US-North Carolina (NC). All adolescents in our study were either the first or second generation children of immigrants from Latin American countries including Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico...
July 2017: Journal of Adolescent Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625284/gender-of-provider-barrier-to-immigrant-women-s-obstetrical-care-a-narrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Christa Aubrey, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell, Zubia Mumtaz
OBJECTIVE: To explore the preference for female obstetrician/gynaecologists among immigrant women, and providers' understandings of these preferences, to identify challenges and potential solutions. METHODS: Five databases (Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Global Health, and Scopus) were searched using combinations of search terms related to immigrant, refugee, or Muslim women and obstetrics or gynaecological provider gender preference. STUDY SELECTION: Peer reviewed, English-language articles were included if they discussed either patient or provider perspectives of women's preference for female obstetrics or gynaecological care provider among immigrant women in Western and non-western settings...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625116/the-effects-of-immigration-and-media-influence-on-body-image-among-pakistani-men
#13
Sheeba Saghir, Lynda Hyland
This study examined the role of media influence and immigration on body image among Pakistani men. Attitudes toward the body were compared between those living in Pakistan ( n = 56) and those who had immigrated to the United Arab Emirates ( n = 58). Results of a factorial analysis of variance demonstrated a significant main effect of immigrant status. Pakistani men living in the United Arab Emirates displayed poorer body image than those in the Pakistan sample. Results also indicated a second main effect of media influence...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624037/trauma-care-in-a-multiethnic-population-effects-of-being-undocumented
#14
Jonathan M Wyrick, Brittany A Kalosza, George N Coritsidis, Raymond Tse, George Agriantonis
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have shown that undocumented immigrants (UIs) display characteristics of having a low socioeconomic status and are primarily of ethnic minorities. These social determinants of health are known to be associated with diminished health care access and poor clinical outcomes. We therefore investigated the impact of documentation status on the clinical outcomes of patients with traumatic injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the trauma registry at our safety net institution for all adult patients who were admitted from 2010 to 2014...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622109/farmworker-and-non-farmworker-latino-immigrant-men-in-north-carolina-have-high-levels-of-specific-pesticide-urinary-metabolites
#15
Thomas A Arcury, Haiying Chen, Paul J Laurienti, Timothy D Howard, Dana Boyd Barr, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
This paper compares detections and concentrations of specific organophosphate, bis-dithiocarbamate, and pyrethroid insecticide urinary metabolites among Latino male farmworkers and non-farmworkers in North Carolina. Data are from interviews and urine samples collected in 2012 and 2013. Farmworkers and non-farmworkers frequently had detections for OP and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites. Detections of bis-dithiocarbamate urinary metabolites were less frequent, but substantial among the non-farmworkers...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620950/the-risk-typology-of-healthcare-access-and-its-association-with-unmet-healthcare-needs-in-asian-americans
#16
Yuri Jang, Nan Sook Park, Hyunwoo Yoon, Ya-Ching Huang, Min-Kyoung Rhee, David A Chiriboga, Miyong T Kim
Using data from the 2015 Asian American Quality of Life Survey (N = 2,609), latent profile analysis was conducted on general (health insurance, usual place for care and income) and immigrant-specific (nativity, length of stay in the U.S., English proficiency and acculturation) risk factors of healthcare access. Latent profile analysis identified a three-cluster model (low-risk, moderate-risk and high-risk groups). Compared with the low-risk group, the odds of having an unmet healthcare need was 1.52 times greater in the moderate-risk group and 2...
June 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618448/out-of-sight-but-not-out-of-mind-home-countries-macroeconomic-volatilities-and-immigrants-mental-health
#17
Ha Trong Nguyen, Luke Brian Connelly
We provide the first empirical evidence that better economic performances by immigrants' countries of origin, as measured by lower consumer price index (CPI) or higher gross domestic product, improve immigrants' mental health. We use an econometrically-robust approach that exploits exogenous changes in macroeconomic conditions across immigrants' home countries over time and controls for immigrants' observable and unobservable characteristics. The CPI effect is statistically significant and sizeable. Furthermore, the CPI effect diminishes as the time since emigrating increases...
June 15, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616632/dispensing-of-psychotropic-medication-among-400-000-immigrants-in-the-netherlands
#18
Fabian Termorshuizen, Jean-Paul Selten, Eibert R Heerdink
PURPOSE: Previously, a high prevalence of certain psychiatric disorders was shown among non-Western immigrants. This study explores whether this results in more prescriptions for psychotropic medication. METHODS: Data on dispensing of medication among adults living in the four largest Dutch cities in 2013 were linked to demographic data from Statistics Netherlands. Incident (i.e., following no dispensing in 2010-2012) and prevalent dispensing among immigrants was compared to that among native Dutch (N = 1,043,732) and analyzed using multivariable Poisson and logistic regression...
June 14, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608262/healthful-cultural-foods-and-safety-net-use-among-cambodian-and-brazilian-immigrant-communities-in-massachusetts
#19
L S Cordeiro, L Sibeko, J Nelson-Peterman
Declining health and food security status among low-income immigrants in the U.S. may result from limited access to healthful, cultural foods and safety net programs. We held focus group discussions with low-income Cambodian and Brazilian immigrants (11 groups, n = 84) living in Massachusetts. Cambodians and Brazilians valued healthful, cultural foods, emphasizing their beliefs that cultural foods are healthier and beneficial for weight management and aging. Although both groups could access these foods, some individuals had difficulty affording them...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606147/the-variation-in-the-health-status-of-immigrants-and-italians-during-the-global-crisis-and-the-role-of-socioeconomic-factors
#20
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola, Lidia Gargiulo
BACKGROUND: The effects of the recent global economic and financial crisis especially affected the most vulnerable social groups. Objective of the study was to investigate variation of self-perceived health status in Italians and immigrants during the economic global crisis, focusing on demographic and socioeconomic factors. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional design we analyzed the national sample of multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" (2005 and 2013) conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)...
June 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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