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Immigrant health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165212/newly-arrived-african-migrants-to-spain-epidemiology-and-burden-disease
#1
Joaquín Salas-Coronas, María Teresa Cabezas-Fernández, Ana Belén Lozano-Serrano, Manuel Jesús Soriano-Pérez, José Vázquez-Villegas, José Ángel Cuenca-Gómez
The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological profile, clinical characteristics, and microbiological findings in African immigrants newly arrived to Spain attended at a specialized reference unit from October 2004 to February 2017. A common protocol for the screening of imported and cosmopolitan diseases was designed to evaluate patients with ≤ 12 months of stay in Spain. A total of 523 patients were included in the study, 488 (93.3%) of sub-Saharan origin. A high number of helminthic infections were diagnosed in sub-Saharan patients, including geohelminthiasis (hookworms 14...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164939/using-cbpr-to-decrease-health-disparities-in-a-suburban-latino-neighborhood
#2
Maren J Coffman, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Heather A Smith, Andrew McWilliams, Yhenneko J Taylor, Hazel Tapp, Johanna Claire Schuch, Owen Furuseth, Michael Dulin
INTRODUCTION: This project tested the feasibility of using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to deliver health and social resources in two high-risk, suburban neighborhoods. METHOD: An established research network was used to engage stakeholders to design and deliver a neighborhood-based intervention targeting a Latino immigrant population. The intervention provided screenings for hypertension, diabetes, and depression; primary care provider visits; and information about navigating health care delivery systems and related community-based resources...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164938/an-examination-of-sociocultural-factors-associated-with-mammography-screening-among-latina-immigrants
#3
John S Luque, Yelena N Tarasenko, Debbie Chatman Bryant, Caroline Davila, Grace Soulen
INTRODUCTION: The study hypothesized that sociocultural factors would be associated with breast cancer screening within the past 2 years among Latina immigrant women. METHOD: This study employed a survey design and included 82 Latina immigrant female participants 40 to 64 years of age for the analysis. Two multivariable binary logistic regression models were estimated, one for the sociocultural deterrents and the other for the symptomatic deterrents from the Cultural Cancer Screening Scale...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161832/a-simple-model-of-hiv-epidemic-in-italy-the-role-of-the-antiretroviral-treatment
#4
Federico Papa, Francesca Binda, Giovanni Felici, Marco Franzetti, Alberto Gandolfi, Carmela Sinisgalli, Claudia Balotta
In the present paper we propose a simple time-varying ODE model to describe the evolution of HIV epidemic in Italy. The model considers a single population of susceptibles, without distinction of high-risk groups within the general population, and accounts for the presence of immigration and emigration, modelling their effects on both the general demography and the dynamics of the infected subpopulations. To represent the intra-host disease progression, the untreated infected population is distributed over four compartments in cascade according to the CD4 counts...
February 1, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159485/beriberi-outbreak-among-unauthorised-immigrants-in-a-detention-camp-in-malaysia
#5
Sunita Abdul Rahman, Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Fadzilah Kamaludin, Intan Azura Din, Mahanim Yusof, Kamruddin Ahmed
In February 2012, a district health authority received three inmates with bilateral leg swelling and difficulty in breathing from a detention camp for unauthorized immigrants. A case control study was conducted. Fasting blood samples of case and control groups were collected according to instructions of the laboratory for determining thiamine level, and their 1 week dietary intake was analyzed. 9% (21/226) of inmates had bilateral leg swelling, and 75% (6/8) of them had low thiamine level (< 66 mmol/L)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157598/chinese-vietnamese-and-asian-indian-parents-perspectives-about-well-child-visits-a-qualitative-analysis
#6
Maya Ragavan, Wendy Li, A Rani Elwy, John Cowden, Megan Bair-Merritt
OBJECTIVES: Well-child visits are a critical component of pediatric healthcare; however, disparities in attendance and quality of care exist for Asian children. Limited research has explored Asian immigrant parents' perspectives about their well-child visit experience. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with Chinese, Vietnamese, and Asian Indian immigrant parents. Participants were recruited from community-based organizations in the Boston area. Interviews focused on parents' perceptions about well-child visits, including individual attitudes, social and cultural factors impacting their opinions, perceived behavioral control, and improving visits for Asian immigrant families...
November 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154974/prostate-cancer-health-disparities-an-immuno-biological-perspective
#7
Sanjay Kumar, Rajesh Singh, Shalie Malik, Upender Manne, Manoj Mishra
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in males, and, in the United States, is the second leading cause of cancer-related death for men older than 40 years. There is a higher incidence of PCa for African Americans (AAs) than for European-Americans (EAs). Investigations related to the incidence of PCa-related health disparities for AAs suggest that there are differences in the genetic makeup of these populations. Other differences are environmentally induced (e.g., diet and lifestyle), and the exposures are different...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147950/mental-health-consultation-among-ontario-s-immigrant-populations
#8
Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario's adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined by carrying out multivariable logistic regression analysis on merged CCHS 2008-2012 data. Adult immigrant populations in Ontario (n = 3995) had lower estimated prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation across all service provider types compared to Canadian-born populations (n = 14,644)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#9
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144960/cervical-cancer-screening-experiences-among-chinese-american-immigrant-women-in-the-united-states
#10
Jin Young Seo, Junxin Li, Kun Li
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experiences and perceptions of having cervical cancer screening tests and to explore the extant barriers to having the tests among first-generation Chinese American women in the United States. DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological research. SETTING: Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS: Snowball and purposive sampling of 12 Chinese American immigrant women ages 20 to 65 years...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142937/geographic-variation-and-us-county-characteristics-associated-with-rapid-kidney-function-decline
#11
Benjamin Bowe, Yan Xie, Hong Xian, Min Lian, Ziyad Al-Aly
Introduction: Geographic variation in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease and incidence of end-stage renal disease has been previously reported. However, the geographic epidemiology of rapid estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline has not been examined. Methods: We built a longitudinal cohort of 2,107,570 US veterans to characterize the spatial epidemiology of and examine the associations between US county characteristics and rapid eGFR decline...
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142652/the-association-between-risk-factors-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-study-using-the-2014-canadian-community-health-survey
#12
Selma Osman, Chelsea Ziegler, Randie Gibson, Razi Mahmood, John Moraros
Background: The global prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is expected to increase and the disease is projected to be the third leading cause of death by the year 2020. The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence and determine the risk factors for COPD in Canada. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that uses data from a nationally generalizable survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2014. There were 46,924 respondents aged 35 years or older...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141916/bone-age-a-handy-tool-for-pediatric-providers
#13
REVIEW
Ana L Creo, W Frederick Schwenk
Pediatricians have relied on methods for determining skeletal maturation for >75 years. Bone age continues to be a valuable tool in assessing children's health. New technology for bone age determination includes computer-automated readings and assessments obtained from alternative imaging modalities. In addition, new nonclinical bone age applications are evolving, particularly pertaining to immigration and children's rights to asylum. Given the significant implications when bone ages are used in high-stake decisions, it is necessary to recognize recently described limitations in predicting accurate age in various ethnicities and diseases...
November 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141714/falciparum-malaria-outbreak-in-sabah-linked-to-an-immigrant-rubber-tapper
#14
Saffree Mohammad Jeffree, Kamruddin Ahmed, Nazarudin Safian, Rohaizat Hassan, Omar Mihat, Khamisah Awang Lukman, Shamsul Bahari Shamsudin, Fadzilah Kamaludin
Sabah is a Malaysian state situated in the northern part of Borneo, and it is endemic for malaria. The incidence of malaria is the lowest (0.05/1,000 population) in Penampang districts of Sabah. In June 26, 2012, two Plasmodium falciparum malaria cases were notified to public health department from a village in Penampang. Immediate investigation was initiated to identify the risk factors and to institute control measures. We performed active case finding by asking household members of all houses in the village regarding malaria symptoms and by examining blood smears...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141629/the-potential-impact-of-brexit-and-immigration-policies-on-the-gp-workforce-in-england-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-of-gp-qualification-region-and-the-characteristics-of-the-areas-and-population-they-served-in-september-2016
#15
Aneez Esmail, Maria Panagioti, Evangelos Kontopantelis
BACKGROUND: The UK is dependent on international doctors, with a greater proportion of non-UK qualified doctors working in its universal health care system than in any other European country, except Ireland and Norway. The terms of the UK exit from the European Union can reduce the ability of European Economic Area (EEA) qualified doctors to work in the UK, while new visa requirements will significantly restrict the influx of non-EEA doctors. We aimed to explore the implications of policy restrictions on immigration, by regionally and spatially describing the characteristics of general practitioners (GPs) by region of medical qualification and the characteristics of the populations they serve...
November 16, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140081/the-human-milk-glycome-as-a-defense-against-infectious-diseases-rationale-challenges-and-opportunities
#16
Kelly M Craft, Steven D Townsend
Each year over 3 million people die from infectious diseases with most of these deaths being poor and young children who live in low- and middle-income countries. Infectious diseases emerge for a multitude of reasons. On the social front, reasons include a breakdown of public health standards, international travel, and immigration (for financial, civil, and social reasons). At the molecular level, the modern rise of infectious diseases is tied to the juxtaposition of drug-resistant pathogens and a lack of new antimicrobials...
November 15, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139024/immigrant-trauma-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-latino-youth
#17
Sean D Cleary, Ryan Snead, Daniela Dietz-Chavez, Ivonne Rivera, Mark C Edberg
While research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12-17 years old living in the US for < 3 years. Participants reported traumatic events experienced in their home country, during migration, and after settling in the US. Regression models examined trauma experienced at each stage of the migration process predicting current levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134922/exploring-the-relationship-between-postmigratory-stressors-and-mental-health-for-asylum-seekers-and-refused-asylum-seekers-in-the-uk
#18
Gareth Morgan, Steve Melluish, Alice Welham
Numerous studies have linked the high rates of traumatic events experienced by refugees to the elevated rate of mental health problems in these populations. A growing body of evidence has also highlighted the importance of considering postmigratory stressors when making sense of displaced person distress. This study explored the relationship between mental health and postmigratory stress for asylum seekers and refused asylum seekers in Britain. The study further examined if those refused asylum experienced elevated distress and postmigratory stress compared to those awaiting the outcome of asylum applications...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134545/violence-exposure-and-psychopathology-in-latino-youth-the-moderating-role-of-active-and-avoidant-coping
#19
Omar G Gudiño, Allison A Stiles, Kathleen I Diaz
Despite high rates of exposure to community violence among Latino youth in urban communities, there is considerable variability in individual outcomes. This study examined (a) associations between coping and indices of Latino culture, (b) main effects of active/avoidant coping on psychopathology, and (c) whether coping moderates the impact of violence exposure on mental health in Latino youth. Participants included 168 Latino youth (56% female; ages 11-14) that took part in a short-term longitudinal study. Results indicate that youth acculturation was positively associated with active coping, but enculturation level and immigrant status were not associated with coping...
November 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128413/association-of-citizenship-status-with-kidney-transplantation-in-medicaid-patients
#20
Jenny I Shen, Daniel Hercz, Lilly M Barba, Holly Wilhalme, Erik L Lum, Edmund Huang, Uttam Reddy, Leslie Salas, Sitaram Vangala, Keith C Norris
BACKGROUND: Although individuals classified as nonresident aliens, including undocumented immigrants, are entitled to receive emergency dialysis in the United States regardless of their ability to pay, most states do not provide them with subsidized care for maintenance dialysis or kidney transplantation. We explored whether nonresident aliens have similar outcomes to US citizens after receiving kidney transplants covered by Medicaid, a joint federal and state health insurance program...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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