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Immigrant health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#1
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815873/critical-interpretive-synthesis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-tb-treatment-in-immigrant-populations
#2
REVIEW
Stephanie Lin, G J Melendez-Torres
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review qualitative literature of TB treatment experiences on immigrant populations of low-prevalence countries. METHODS: Critical Interpretive Synthesis (CIS). On October 23, 2013, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PsychINFO and ProQuest were systematically searched. Grey literature and reference lists were hand-searched. Initial papers included were restricted to studies of immigrant patient perspectives; after a model was developed, a second set of papers was included to test the emerging theory...
August 17, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812377/a-cross-sectional-study-of-coping-resources-and-mental-health-of-chinese-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#3
Man Guo, Nadia Sabbagh Steinberg, Xinqi Dong, Agnes Tiwari
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the potential influence of coping resources at individual (sense of mastery), family (spousal and family support, children's filial piety), and community levels (community cohesion) on the mental health (depression, anxiety) of U.S. Chinese older adults. METHODS: The data were derived from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (N= 3,159). Negative binomial regressions were performed to predict depression and anxiety, respectively, by entering the three sets of coping resources separately and jointly, controlling for socio-demographic and acculturation variables...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812286/occupational-exposures-and-health-outcomes-among-immigrants-in-the-usa
#4
REVIEW
Sally C Moyce, Marc Schenker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Immigrants experience higher rates of occupational injury and fatality than their native-born counterparts. This review summarizes the current data related to occupational/environmental exposures and explores potential reasons for the disparities. RECENT FINDINGS: Immigrant workers are employed in sectors that expose them to dangerous working conditions. They experience increased risk for exposure to heat, pesticides, hazardous chemicals, and cleaning agents, as well as physical hazards such as falls...
August 15, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812239/social-status-discrimination-and-minority-individuals-mental-health-a-secondary-analysis-of-us-national-surveys
#5
Celia C Lo, Tyrone C Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Our study measured minority individuals' social status factors and frequency of discrimination experiences, in order to delineate social mechanisms linking race/ethnicity to mental status (specifically, to current mood/anxiety disorder and self-rated mental health). METHODS: In this nationally representative secondary research, our data analyses drew on the cross-sectional "Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys," dating 2001-2003. The sample for the final model numbered 9368 respondents (2016 Asians, 2676 Latinos, 4676 blacks)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810434/unhealthy-weight-control-strategies-an-outcome-of-body-image-and-eating-tensions-in-women-of-mexican-origin-living-in-rural-farming-communities
#6
Karen F Stein, Nicole Trabold, Kay Connelly
Unhealthy eating and weight control behaviors are important but modifiable factors that contribute to obesity in majority and minority populations. Studies suggest that these behaviors are common in Mexican American women, but most studies completed to date have focused on college enrolled Mexican American women. Little is known about body weight concerns, eating and weight control behaviors in low acculturated immigrant Mexican women. This qualitative descriptive study utilized two focus groups with 15 women to identify and describe body weight and shape perceptions, and thoughts and behaviors related to eating and weight control of low acculturated Mexican American living in disadvantaged economic situations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810367/culturally-based-health-assumptions-in-sub-saharan-african-immigrants-body-mass-index-predicting-self-reported-health-status
#7
Arlette J Ngoubene-Atioky, Claudette Williamson-Taylor
This study examined whether Sub-Saharan African adult immigrants maintained cultural preferences for curvier/higher body size post-migration to the United States. Linear and multiple regression analyses were utilized to discern the predicting effects of Sub-Saharan African immigrants' body mass index score on their self-reported health status at two post-migration data collection points. The initial assessment reveals that Sub-Saharan African immigrants' overweight body mass index score predicted better self-reported health status...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809741/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-outcomes-among-immigrants-to-canada-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#8
Curtis L Cooper, Kednapa Thavorn, Ecaterina Damian, Daniel J Corsi
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: HCV-infected immigrants contribute to the total prevalence in Canada and other developed nations. Little is known about engagement in care, access to service, and treatment outcomes in recipients of Direct Acting Antiviral (DAA) HCV therapies among immigrants living with HCV. MATERIAL AND METHODS: HCV patients assessed at The Ottawa Hospital Viral Hepatitis Clinic between 2000-2016 were identified. Immigration history, race, socioeconomic status, HCV work-up, treatment and outcome data were evaluated...
August 8, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805124/migration-violence-and-the-role-of-psychiatry-in-italy
#9
Antonio Ventriglio, Antonello Bellomo, Giovanna Vitrani, Eleonora Stella, Alessandro Gentile, Dinesh Bhugra
Immigration to Italy has been increasing exponentially in the last decades due to the international political changes and conflicts in the Middle East. The relationship between immigration and crimes is a debated issue, and violent radicalization of second or third generations of migrants is under increased scrutiny. Consequently, many politicians and political parties use nationalist and xenophobic language. Inevitably, this will have an impact on reactions of the larger population, as well as that of migrants...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804384/migration-and-changes-in-loneliness-over-a-4-year-period-the-case-of-older-former-soviet-union-immigrants-in-israel
#10
Pnina Dolberg, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Liat Ayalon
Both older adult and immigrant populations are at a high risk of loneliness. The current research compares older veteran Israelis to older immigrants who arrived in Israel from the former Soviet Union (FSU) after 1989. Early studies have found high levels of loneliness among older FSU immigrants; however, little is known regarding changes in loneliness among this group over time. The present study examines change in loneliness among older FSU immigrants and older veteran Jewish Israelis and its potential predictors...
December 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804271/healthy-migrants-in-an-unhealthy-city-the-effects-of-time-on-the-health-of-migrants-living-in-deprived-areas-of-glasgow
#11
Ade Kearns, Elise Whitley, Matt Egan, Catherine Tabbner, Carol Tannahill
This paper examines the healthy immigrant effect in Glasgow, a post-industrial city where the migrant population has more than doubled in the last decade. Using data from a community survey in 15 communities across the city, the paper compares four health outcomes for the following three groups: British-born, social and economic migrants and asylum seekers and refugees. Migrants were found to be healthier than the indigenous population on all four measures, particularly in the case of adult households in both migrant groups and for older asylum seeker and refugee households...
2017: Journal of International Migration and Integration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803597/somali-latino-and-hmong-parents-perceptions-and-approaches-about-raising-healthy-weight-children-a-community-based-participatory-research-study
#12
Chrisa Arcan, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Maira Rosas-Lee, Mai Bao Xiong
OBJECTIVE: Immigrants in the USA are confronted with health disparities, including childhood obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. We aimed to identify perceptions of childhood body weight, approaches to raising healthy children and desires for supportive programmes of Somali, Latino and Hmong (SLM) parents in the Twin Cities, Minnesota, USA. DESIGN: Using community-based participatory research, ten focus groups (FG) were conducted with sixty-seven parents (n 28 Somali, three FG; n 19 Latino, four FG; n 20 Hmong, three FG) of 3-12-year-old children in their native language...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801507/diary-of-a-parliamentary-intern
#13
John Chitty
How the loss of non-UK EU vets could threaten animal welfare, public health and our ability to trade was discussed at a BVA/RCVS reception in Parliament in June. Parliamentary intern Anthony Ridge reports how the discussions will influence the Government's future immigration policy.
August 12, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799453/health-illness-transition-experiences-with-type-2-diabetes-self-management-of-sub-saharan-african-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#14
Désiré M Kindarara, Marylyn M McEwen, Janice D Crist, Lois J Loescher
Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe Sub-Saharan African immigrants' health-illness transition experiences associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management. Methods A qualitative description methodology was used in this study. Face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interviews lasting 60 to 90 minutes were conducted with 10 Sub-Saharan African immigrant men and women with T2DM recruited using purposive and snowball sampling. Each interview was audio-taped, transcribed, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
August 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799158/-the-impact-of-immigrant-status-on-the-mode-of-hospital-referral-impression-of-disease-severity-and-length-of-stay-in-inpatient-general-pediatric-care
#15
Sebastian Ullrich, Yuriy Nesterko, Diana Briel, Andreas Hiemisch, Elmar Brähler, Heide Glaesmer
Background National as well as international research often shows differences in health and health behavior between children and youth with and without migration background. It is also noted that there are differences in the use of health services depending on the migration background. Patients and Methods Data from 266 pediatric patients, regarding their hospitalization, general impression of health status and length of stay in a hospital, were analyzed depending on the migration background. Information on migration background and treatment-related data were obtained from the parents of the patient or from the hospital information system (SAP)...
August 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795309/religious-identity-and-health-inequalities-in-canada
#16
Maryam Dilmaghani
In the past few decades, most new immigrants to Canada have originated from non-Christian countries. During the same period, the unaffiliation rates have sharply increased in Canada. This paper investigates whether there are any health inequalities associated with religious identity, including also the individuals who do not identify with organized religion in the analysis. The study uses the Canadian General Social Survey of 2012 (N = 23,093), focused on Caregiving and Care-receiving. Employing multivariate regression analysis and controlling for a large set of characteristics inclusive of the degree of religious commitment, individuals who identify as Protestant are found at a physical and mental health advantage, compared with Roman Catholics and most other groups...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794811/a-rare-case-of-schistosomiasis-bilharzia-of-the-bladder-in-a-non-endemic-area
#17
Haresh G Thummar, Hemen I Vithlani, Pokhraj P Suthar, Deepa Regina John, Nisha Thummar, Harendra Chauhan
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis or snail fever is an endemic parasitic infection caused by various trematodes of the genus Schistosoma. People acquire the disease through contact with water containing infected snails. It is one of the most widespread human parasitic infections in tropical and subtropical regions of the world such as Africa, South America, the Middle East, Asia and the Caribbean. In 1996, the World Health Organisation estimated that more than 200 million people living in rural areas are affected by this disease...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789713/vitamin-d-supplementation-and-vitamin-d-status-in-children-of-immigrant-background-in-norway
#18
Ahmed A Madar, Thomas E Gundersen, Anne M Haug, Haakon E Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Sufficient vitamin D status during infancy is important for child health and development. Several initiatives for improving vitamin D status among immigrant children have been implemented in Norway. The present study aimed to evaluate the vitamin D status and its determinants in children of immigrant background in Oslo. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Child health clinics in Oslo. SUBJECTS: Healthy children with immigrant background (n 102) aged 9-16 months were recruited at the routine one-year check-up from two child health clinics with high proportions of immigrant clients...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789667/factors-associated-with-the-support-of-pricking-female-genital-cutting-type-iv-among-somali-immigrants-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#19
Anna Wahlberg, Sara Johnsdotter, Katarina Ekholm Selling, Carina Källestål, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Pricking, classified as female genital cutting (FGC) type IV by the World Health Organization, is an under-researched area gaining momentum among diaspora communities. Our aim was to explore factors associated with being supportive of pricking among Somalis in Sweden. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, attitudes and knowledge regarding FGC, and measures of socioeconomic status, acculturation, and social capital, were assessed by a 49-item questionnaire in four municipalities in Sweden...
August 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780439/ethnic-density-immigrant-enclaves-and-latino-health-risks-a-propensity-score-matching-approach
#20
Kelin Li, Ming Wen, Kevin A Henry
Whether minority concentration in a neighborhood exposes residents to, or protects them from, health risks has generated burgeoning scholarly interests; yet endogeneity as a result of neighborhood selection largely remains unclear in the literature. This study addresses such endogeneity and simultaneously investigates the roles of co-ethnic density and immigrant enclaves in influencing high blood pressure and high cholesterol level among Latinos, the largest minority group in the United States. Pooled cross-sectional data that included both native and foreign-born Latinos of Puerto Rican, Mexican, and other origins (N = 1563) from the 2006 and 2008 Southeastern Pennsylvania Household Health Survey were linked to census-tract profiles from the 2005-2009 American Community Survey...
July 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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