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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889296/donor-and-recipient-views-on-their-relationship-in-living-kidney-donation-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#1
Angelique F Ralph, Phyllis Butow, Camilla S Hanson, Steve J Chadban, Jeremy R Chapman, Jonathan C Craig, John Kanellis, Grant Luxton, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Many donors and recipients report an improved relationship after transplantation; however, tension, neglect, guilt, and proprietorial concern over the recipient can impede donor and recipient well-being and outcomes. We aimed to describe donor and recipient expectations and experiences of their relationship in the context of living kidney donation. STUDY DESIGN: Thematic synthesis of qualitative studies. SETTING & POPULATION: Living kidney donors and recipients...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872394/women-s-fertility-status-alters-other-women-s-jealousy-and-mate-guarding
#2
Ashalee C Hurst, Jessica L Alquist, David A Puts
Across three studies, we tested the hypothesis that women exhibit greater jealousy and mate guarding toward women who are in the high (vs. low) fertility phase of their cycle. Women who imagined their partner with a woman pictured at high fertility reported more jealousy than women who imagined their partner with a woman pictured at low fertility (Studies 1 and 2). A meta-analysis across studies manipulating fertility status of the pictured woman found a significant effect of fertility status on both jealousy and mate guarding...
November 20, 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869562/wanting-to-be-seen-young-people-s-experiences-of-performative-making-out
#3
Kate M Esterline, Charlene L Muehlenhard
People engage in sexual behavior for many reasons, some of which require an audience (e.g., arousing onlookers, making someone jealous). In this study, we investigated the prevalence, motivations, and outcomes of young people's experiences with performative making out-making out with someone and wanting others to see. Of the 155 female and 194 male college students who completed the online questionnaire, 32% of the women and 37% of the men reported having done this, often before entering college. Significantly more women than men reported same-sex performative experiences...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867295/siblings-perceptions-of-differential-treatment-fairness-and-jealousy-and-adolescent-adjustment-a-moderated-indirect-effects-model
#4
Meghan K Loeser, Shawn D Whiteman, Susan M McHale
Youth's perception of parents' differential treatment (PDT) are associated with maladjustment during adolescence. Although the direct relations between PDT and youth's maladjustment have been well established, the mechanisms underlying these associations remain unclear. We addressed this gap by examining whether sibling jealousy accounted for the links between PDT and youth's depressive symptoms, self-worth, and risky behaviors. Additionally, we examined whether youth's perceptions of fairness regarding their treatment as well as the gender constellation of the dyad moderated these indirect relations (i...
August 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863267/jealousy-in-adolescents-daily-lives-how-does-it-relate-to-interpersonal-context-and-well-being
#5
Hannah K Lennarz, Anna Lichtwarck-Aschoff, Catrin Finkenauer, Isabela Granic
Past studies have shown that jealousy peaks in adolescence. However, little is known about how and when adolescents experience jealousy in their daily lives. The current study aimed to examine the relation between state jealousy, the more general propensity to feel jealous, the interpersonal contexts in which jealousy arises, and different forms of social comparison. The impact of jealousy on perceptions of well-being was also explored. We used an experience sampling method during two weekends with 68 adolescents (Mage = 13...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829870/the-intrasubjectivity-of-self-voices-and-delusions-a-phenomenological-analysis
#6
Cherise Rosen, Nev Jones, Kayla A Chase, Hannah Gin, Linda S Grossman, Rajiv P Sharma
To advance the area of phenomenology of voices and their interrelatedness to forms of delusions this study investigated the prevalence and interrelatedness of co-occurring auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) and delusions. Additionally we explored the characterization of distinct sub-categories/clusters of AVHs and delusions. Ninety-two participants experiencing psychosis were administered standardized clinical measures. We found a significant diagnostic difference with increased prevalence of co-occurring AVHs and delusions within the schizophrenia group compared to the bipolar with psychosis group...
2016: Psychosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591747/the-cyber-aggression-in-relationships-scale-a-new-multidimensional-measure-of-technology-based-intimate-partner-aggression
#7
Laura E Watkins, Rosalita C Maldonado, David DiLillo
The purpose of this study was to develop and provide initial validation for a measure of adult cyber intimate partner aggression (IPA): the Cyber Aggression in Relationships Scale (CARS). Drawing on recent conceptual models of cyber IPA, items from previous research exploring general cyber aggression and cyber IPA were modified and new items were generated for inclusion in the CARS. Two samples of adults 18 years or older were recruited online. We used item factor analysis to test the factor structure, model fit, and invariance of the measure structure across women and men...
September 2, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468631/delusional-disorder-and-schizophrenia-a-comparative-study-across-multiple-domains
#8
V Peralta, M J Cuesta
BACKGROUND: Delusional disorder (DD) is an under-researched condition and its relationship to schizophrenia (SZ) controversial. This study aimed to further characterize DD and to examine multi-domain evidence for the distinction between DD and SZ. METHOD: Using univariate analyses we examined 146 subjects with DD, 114 subjects with paranoid SZ and 244 subjects with non-paranoid SZ on 52 characteristics from several domains including demographics, risk factors, premorbid features, illness characteristics, index episode features, delusional-related features, response to treatment and outcome...
October 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461332/perils-of-the-green-eyed-monster
#9
(no author information available yet)
Can preoccupation with the academic success of others be detrimental for nurse academics' own career progression? Michelle Cleary and colleagues, writing in Nurse Researcher, examine envy and jealousy in nursing academia.
July 27, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424962/an-examination-of-envy-and-jealousy-in-nursing-academia
#10
Michelle Cleary, Garry Walter, Elizabeth Halcomb, Violeta Lopez
AIM: To discuss envy and jealousy and how their positive and negative aspects among nurse academics affect the workplace. BACKGROUND: In nursing academia, jealousy and envy are common emotions, engendered by demands for high productivity, intense competition for limited resources, preferences for particular assignments and opportunities for promotions. When these feelings are moderate and part of everyday rivalry, competition and ambition benefit the organisation...
July 2016: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378719/gender-equality-patriarchal-cultural-norms-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence-comparison-of-male-university-students-in-asian-and-european-cultural-contexts
#11
Reiko Ozaki, Melanie D Otis
This study examined the relationship between patriarchal cultural norms and violence perpetration by male partners using a subsample of university students in Asia (n = 784) and Europe (n = 575) from the International Dating Violence Study (IDVS) data set. Bivariate analyses indicated Asian students scored significantly higher than Europeans on dominance, hostility to women, jealousy, negative attribution, and violence approval as well as perpetration of severe physical assault in dating relationships. Logistic regression models demonstrated that dominance and violence approval were significant predictors of severe physical and psychological aggression against dating partners...
July 3, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344587/delusions-in-first-episode-psychosis-principal-component-analysis-of-twelve-types-of-delusions-and-demographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-resulting-domains
#12
Enrico Paolini, Patrizia Moretti, Michael T Compton
Although delusions represent one of the core symptoms of psychotic disorders, it is remarkable that few studies have investigated distinct delusional themes. We analyzed data from a large sample of first-episode psychosis patients (n=245) to understand relations between delusion types and demographic and clinical correlates. First, we conducted a principal component analysis (PCA) of the 12 delusion items within the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS). Then, using the domains derived via PCA, we tested a priori hypotheses and answered exploratory research questions related to delusional content...
September 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329146/intimate-partner-jealousy-and-femicide-among-former-ethiopians-in-israel
#13
Arnon Edelstein
Ethiopian immigrant women in Israel are overrepresented as victims of femicide; they are killed at more than 16 times the rate of the general population. This article suggests integrating current theoretical and empirical models to explain Ethiopian femicide, and stresses that considering psychological or sociocultural explanations as risk factors alone is not enough to understand this phenomenon. We distinguish between risk factors and triggers for femicide against Ethiopian women. While sociocultural and even psychological changes are risk factors for femicide, one, two, or three main triggers may activate such potential risk factors, such as the woman's willingness (WW) to leave the intimate relationship, sexual jealousy (SJ), and formal complaints against the abusive partner...
June 20, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309485/physical-spouse-abuse-in-a-28-week-pregnant-woman-a-case-report
#14
Azadeh Memarian, Maryam Ameri, Mozhgan Shakeri, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh
In some relationships, pregnancy is a risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV). We present a case of a 34-year-old, 28-week-pregnant woman who was admitted to the emergency department with multiple traumas due to IPV. Her husband had hit her with a power cable after abusing methamphetamine. There were multiple ecchymoses and lacerations on her body. On questioning, the patient revealed a low socioeconomic status. The couple had been married for five years, and the abuse began 11 months earlier, after the husband became addicted to methamphetamines...
May 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302682/the-association-of-attachment-anxiety-and-avoidance-with-emotional-dating-abuse-perpetration-using-multimethod-dyadic-data
#15
Elizabeth A Goncy, Manfred H M van Dulmen
This study examined the relationship between emotional dating abuse perpetration and attachment anxiety and avoidance using multimethod, multi-informant dyadic data. Data were derived from a sample of young adult heterosexual dating couples (N = 113 couples). We measured attachment through self-report survey data and emotional dating abuse through self-report surveys, partner-report surveys, and ratings by independent observers of a videotaped couple interaction. Both female and male anxiety were related to female emotional abuse across each method...
2016: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279254/gender-and-conflict-resolution-strategies-in-spanish-teen-couples-their-relationship-with-jealousy-and-emotional-dependency
#16
Fabiola Perles, Jesús San Martín, Jesús M Canto
Previous research has pointed to the need to address the study of violence in teen couples. However, research has not delved into the study of the variables related to the different types of violence employed by boys and girls. The purpose of this study was to test whether gender, jealousy, and dependency predict specific strategies for conflict resolution (psychological aggression and mild physical aggression). Another objective of the study was to test gender differences in the conflict resolution strategies used by Spanish teen couples and to test the association between these variables and jealousy and emotional dependency...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273024/neural-substrates-and-behavioral-profiles-of-romantic-jealousy-and-its-temporal-dynamics
#17
Yan Sun, Hongbo Yu, Jie Chen, Jie Liang, Lin Lu, Xiaolin Zhou, Jie Shi
Jealousy is not only a way of experiencing love but also a stabilizer of romantic relationships, although morbid romantic jealousy is maladaptive. Being engaged in a formal romantic relationship can tune one's romantic jealousy towards a specific target. Little is known about how the human brain processes romantic jealousy by now. Here, by combining scenario-based imagination and functional MRI, we investigated the behavioral and neural correlates of romantic jealousy and their development across stages (before vs...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248041/penis-envy-and-the-female-oedipus-complex-a-plea-to-reawaken-an-ineffectual-debate
#18
Siegfried Zepf, Dietmar Seel
Going along with Laplanche's assumption that there is no endogenous sexuality, the authors discuss Freud's concepts of the female Oedipus complex and penis envy and some of its proposed alternatives. The female oedipal conflict turns out to be the outcome of a projective identification with the Oedipus complexes of the mother and father. In the context of the rivalry with the mother, penis envy refers to the maternal power over the father's penis that the daughter wants to have in herself, while, in the context of the rivalry with the father, penis envy arises from the jealousy of the father's penis that the daughter believes is necessary to have on herself in order to satisfy her mother...
June 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169008/gender-based-violence-among-pregnant-women-of-syangja-district-nepal
#19
Samjhana Gurung, Jeevan Acharya
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine prevalence of gender-based violence among pregnant women attending an antenatal care (ANC) clinic. METHODS: Between September 2014 and December 2014, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 202 pregnant women attending the antenatal ward of the Primary Healthcare Centre (PHC) of Syangja district, Nepal. The data were collected using semistructure questionnaires with face-to-face interviews. SPSS software (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, USA) was used for analysis the data...
April 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061757/alcohol-and-violence-in-nightlife-and-party-settings-a-qualitative-study
#20
Willy Pedersen, Heith Copes, Sveinung Sandberg
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: In 'binge drinking' cultures, there is a strong association between alcohol consumption and violence. At the same time, several studies suggest that this link is cultural and contextual. We explore the role of alcohol in incidents of violence in nightlife settings. DESIGN AND METHODS: We used qualitative interviews with 104 Norwegians (52 men and 52 women, mean age 25 years) who binge drink and party in nightlife settings. RESULTS: Alcohol both sparks and constrains violence in these contexts...
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
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