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Jealousy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791267/jealousy-as-a-driving-force-for-murder
#1
Nicolas Evzonas
This essay draws on analytic concepts and artistic examples in order to explore murder as the ultimate fate of jealousy. The paper first explores two seemingly neurotic forms of possessive fury that result in a crime of passion. Both cases probe the criminal potential of a supposedly normal subject and question the frontiers of narcissism and self-love, while discussing gender stereotypes. The author then examines criminal jealousy from the vantage point of the specular stakes at play: the enamoration of the double pervaded with aggressiveness that stems from the pre-oedipal fraternal complex and leads to outbursts of psychotic allure...
June 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779427/alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drinks-and-sexually-related-causes-of-conflict-in-the-barroom
#2
Natalie J Ball, Kathleen E Miller, Brian M Quigley, Rebecca K Eliseo-Arras
The popularity of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) among young adults has spurred studies that focus on its links to aggression and risk-taking behaviors, including risky sex and sexual victimization. However, no studies to date have looked at the relationship between AmED and causes of interpersonal conflict in bars at the event level. The present study evaluated whether AmED use at the time of the bar conflict was associated with greater odds that a bar conflict would be precipitated by sexually related causes...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771949/correlates-of-domestic-violence-perpetration-reporting-among-recently-married-men-residing-in-slums-in-pune-india
#3
Ameeta S Kalokhe, Sandhya R Iyer, Keshav Gadhe, Tuman Katendra, Anuradha Paranjape, Carlos Del Rio, Rob Stephenson, Seema Sahay
Domestic violence (DV) is prevalent in low-income and slum-dwelling communities in India. To date, the focus of DV prevention in resource-poor settings has largely been with women. We herein aim to identify correlates of DV perpetration to help inform future primary prevention efforts that focus on behavioral change in men. Utilizing a cross-sectional design, potential correlates of DV perpetration were explored among a geographically-clustered random sample of 100 recently-married men residing in slums in Pune, India...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771201/attachment-and-jealousy-understanding-the-dynamic-experience-of-jealousy-using-the-response-escalation-paradigm
#4
Chloe O Huelsnitz, Allison K Farrell, Jeffry A Simpson, Vladas Griskevicius, Ohad Szepsenwol
Jealousy is a complex, dynamic experience that unfolds over time in relationship-threatening situations. Prior research has used retrospective reports that cannot disentangle initial levels and change in jealousy in response to escalating threat. In three studies, we examined responses to the Response Escalation Paradigm (REP)-a 5-stage hypothetical scenario in which individuals are exposed to increasing levels of relationship threat-as a function of attachment orientations. Highly anxious individuals exhibited hypervigilant, slow escalation response patterns, interfered earlier in the REP, felt more jealousy, sadness, and worry when they interfered, and wanted to engage in more vigilant, destructive, and passive behaviors aimed at their partner...
April 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682503/imaging-behavior-and-endocrine-analysis-of-jealousy-in-a-monogamous-primate
#5
Nicole Maninger, Sally P Mendoza, Donald R Williams, William A Mason, Simon R Cherry, Douglas J Rowland, Thomas Schaefer, Karen L Bales
Understanding the neurobiology of social bonding in non-human primates is a critical step in understanding the evolution of monogamy, as well as understanding the neural substrates for emotion and behavior. Coppery titi monkeys ( Callicebus cupreus ) form strong pair bonds, characterized by selective preference for their pair mate, mate-guarding, physiological and behavioral agitation upon separation, and social buffering. Mate-guarding, or the "maintenance" phase of pair bonding, is relatively under-studied in primates...
October 2017: Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668684/pet-dogs-behavior-when-the-owner-and-an-unfamiliar-person-attend-to-a-faux-rival
#6
Emanuela Prato-Previde, Velia Nicotra, Annalisa Pelosi, Paola Valsecchi
While dog owners ascribe different emotions to their pets, including jealousy, research on secondary emotions in nonhuman animals is very limited and, so far, only one study has investigated jealousy in dogs (Canis familiaris). This work explores jealousy in dogs one step further. We conducted two studies adapting a procedure devised to assess jealousy in human infants. In each study 36 adult dogs were exposed to a situation in which their owner and a stranger ignored them while directing positive attention towards three different objects: a book, a puppet and a fake dog (Study 1: furry; Study 2: plastic)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592639/sexual-and-emotional-infidelity-evolved-gender-differences-in-jealousy-prove-robust-and-replicable
#7
David M Buss
Infidelity poses threats to high-investment mating relationships. Because of gender differences in some aspects of reproductive biology, such as internal female fertilization, the nature of these threats differs for men and women. Men, but not women, for example, have recurrently faced the problem of uncertainty in their genetic parenthood. Jealousy is an emotion hypothesized to have evolved to combat these threats. The 1992 article Sex Differences in Jealousy: Evolution, Physiology, and Psychology reported three empirical studies using two different methods, forced-choice and physiological experiments...
March 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582443/jealousy-at-work-the-role-of-rivals-characteristics
#8
Rosario Zurriaga, Pilar González-Navarro, Abraham Pieter Buunk, Pieternel Dijkstra
The present study examined rival characteristics that may evoke jealousy in the workplace, differences between men and women in this regard, and the relationship between jealousy responses and intrasexual competitiveness and social comparison orientation. Participants were 426 male and female employees. By means of a questionnaire, participants were presented with a jealousy-evoking scenario after which jealousy responses to 24 rival characteristics were assessed. Findings showed that a rival's social communal attributes evoked highest levels of jealousy, and that, compared to men, women reported more jealousy in response to a rival's physical attractiveness...
March 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569177/uncommon-and-or-bizarre-features-of-dementia-part-ii
#9
REVIEW
Gabriele Cipriani, Sabrina Danti, Angelo Nuti, Claudio Lucetti, Mario Di Fiorino
In the past decades, clinicians have recognized that dementia may appear as atypical or variant syndromes, as well as the typical form. This study aimed at describing uncommon or bizarre symptoms/syndromes observed in patients suffering from dementia. Medline and Google scholar searches were conducted for relevant articles, chapters, and books published before 2017. Search terms used included delusional jealousy, delusion of pregnancy, dementia, erotomania, folie à deux, and lycanthropy. Publications found through this indexed search were reviewed for further relevant references...
March 22, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563893/delusional-jealousy-othello-syndrome-in-67-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#10
REVIEW
Hiroshi Kataoka, Kazuma Sugie
Othello syndrome (OS) is a type of paranoid delusional jealousy, characterized by the false absolute certainty of the infidelity of a partner. Because OS has infrequently occurred in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the characteristics of OS in PD remain unclear. We reviewed the clinical characteristics of this syndrome in PD. We reviewed 67 patients who had PD with OS. OS was more common in men (45 patients) than in women (22 patients), and it frequently occurred in middle-aged patients. Until the onset of OS, the duration of PD (range, 2-19...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476314/socioeconomically-disadvantaged-adolescents-with-elevated-externalizing-symptoms-show-heightened-emotion-reactivity-to-daily-stress-an-experience-sampling-study
#11
Bep Uink, Kathryn Lynn Modecki, Bonnie L Barber, Helen M Correia
Numerous theories assert that youth with externalizing symptomatology experience intensified emotion reactivity to stressful events; yet scant empirical research has assessed this notion. Using in-vivo data collected via experience sampling methodology, we assessed whether externalizing symptoms conditioned adolescents' emotion reactivity to daily stressors (i.e. change in emotion pre-post stressor) among 206 socioeconomically disadvantaged adolescents. We also assessed whether higher externalizing symptomology was associated with experiencing more stressors overall, and whether adolescents' emotional upheavals resulted in experiencing a subsequent stressor...
February 24, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392485/is-viewing-sexually-explicit-material-cheating-on-your-partner-a-comparison-between-the-united-states-and-spain
#12
Charles Negy, Diego Plaza, Abilio Reig-Ferrer, Maria Dolores Fernandez-Pascual
This cross-sectional study examined whether university students from the U.S. (n = 392) and Spain (n = 200) considered the viewing of sexually explicit material (SEM) to be tantamount to committing infidelity. Participants' ages ranged from 18 to 36 (U.S. sample) and 18 to 35 (Spain sample), respectively. At both universities, the study was made available to students via a computer program that allows recruitment and completion of the questionnaires online. It was found that the majority of U.S. and Spanish participants (73 and 77%, respectively) indicated that they did not consider viewing SEM as an act of infidelity...
April 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389697/pharmacotherapy-for-primary-delusional-jealousy-a-retrospective-observational-study-of-32-cases-with-othello-syndrome
#13
Chen-Chung Liu, Yen-Chin Wang, Tzung-Jeng Hwang
To determine whether primary delusional jealousy can be treated effectively with antipsychotics or antidepressants, and whether any clinical variables are associated with response to pharmacotherapy, we carried out a retrospective case series observational study by reviewing clinical records of patients with an International Classification of Disease, 9th ed., diagnostic code of 297 (delusional disorders) who were treated at the Department of Psychiatry of a university affiliated hospital from January 2010 to December 2015...
March 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348292/morbid-jealousy-reactivated-by-mood-episodes
#14
Ruziana Masiran, Nik Shaliza Hussin
A middle-aged man who has been enduring financial constraint experienced a period of irritability, increased goal-directed activities and insomnia occurring along with extreme jealousy with his current wife. The episode was followed by depressed mood and non-prominent auditory hallucination. His previous history revealed a forensic psychiatry case of a murder he committed 20 years ago.
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315544/homicide-suicide-in-cuyahoga-county-ohio-1991-2016
#15
Wendy C Regoeczi, Thomas Gilson
Research on homicides followed by suicides has relied heavily on small samples and relatively short time spans of data. This study helps to fill this gap by examining 26 years of homicide-suicide data from Cuyahoga County, Ohio, between 1991 and 2016. The main data source for the study is medical examiner files. Analyses of the data indicate the rate of homicide-suicide in Cuyahoga County is consistent with other studies but fluctuates considerably across years studied. The majority of victims are female while perpetrators are overwhelmingly male...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304166/how-japanese-companion-dog-and-cat-owners-degree-of-attachment-relates-to-the-attribution-of-emotions-to-their-animals
#16
Bingtao Su, Naoko Koda, Pim Martens
Recently, studies in the United States and European countries have shown that the degree of attachment is associated with the attribution of emotions to companion animals. These studies imply that investigating the degree of attachment to companion animals is a good way for researchers to explore animal emotions and then improve animal welfare. Although a promising area of study, in Japan, no empirical studies have examined the correlation between the degree of attachment and the attribution of emotions to companion animals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294867/relationship-dynamics-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-israeli-college-students-the-moderating-effect-of-communication-problems
#17
Ruhama Goussinsky, Keren Michael, Dalit Yassour-Borochowitz
The present study, based on data from the International Dating Violence Study obtained in 2004 ( N = 465) and on data obtained in 2015 ( N = 392), estimated the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and perpetration among Israeli college students. The main purpose of the study was to investigate whether communication problems (i.e., avoidant communication and disrespectful communication) intensify the effects of relationship dynamics (dominance, partner's controlling behavior, and jealousy) on physical IPV...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284816/a-case-report-of-gender-dysphoria-with-morbid-jealousy-in-a-natal-female
#18
G Prasad Rao, B Aparna
Gender dysphoria is a new entity introduced in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder V to address the distress of the previously labeled gender identity disorder patients. It is less commonly seen in natal females, often starting in their childhood. Adults and adolescent natal females with early-onset gender dysphoria are almost always gynephilic. This case report is presented to discuss the interesting evolution of the symptoms in gender dysphoria case with difficulties in adjusting to the assigned sexual role, relationship problems, morbid jealousy, and severe depressive features with suicidal ideations...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225588/income-inequality-and-happiness-an-inverted-u-shaped-curve
#19
Zonghuo Yu, Fei Wang
Numerous studies agree that income inequality, rather than absolute income, is an important predictor of happiness. However, its specific role has been controversial. We argue that income inequality and happiness should exhibit an inverted U-shaped relationship due to the dynamic competing process between two effects: when income inequality is relatively low, the signal effect will be the dominating factor, in which individuals feel happy because they consider income inequality as a signal of social mobility and expect upward mobility; however, if income inequality level increases beyond a critical point, the jealousy effect will become the dominating factor, in which individuals tend to be unhappy because they are disillusioned about the prospect of upward mobility and jealous of their wealthier peers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225394/parents-and-partners-moderating-and-mediating-influences-on-intimate-partner-violence-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#20
Angela M Kaufman-Parks, Alfred DeMaris, Peggy C Giordano, Wendy D Manning, Monica A Longmore
Prior work examining intimate partner violence (IPV) among young adults often has emphasized familial characteristics, such as parent-child physical aggression (PCPA), and romantic relationship dynamics, such as jealousy and controlling behaviors, but has not considered these two domains simultaneously. Likewise, research examining how these two domains affect IPV perpetration over time for young adults is still limited. Using five waves of data from the Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study ( N = 950), the present study examined the influence of parent-child relationship factors and romantic relationship dynamics in both their main and interactive effects on IPV perpetration spanning adolescence through young adulthood...
December 2017: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
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