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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530419/interpersonal-rivalries-gender-and-the-intellectual-and-scientific-making-of-psychoanalysis-in-1940s-britain
#1
Michal Shapira
This article examines the 1940s debates regarding the status and professional orthodoxy of psychoanalysis following Sigmund Freud's death, by exploring the Anna Freud-Melanie Klein Controversial Discussions in the British Psychoanalytical Society. Focusing on the work of now-forgotten analysts Melitta Schmideberg and Edward Glover, and on their relationship with Klein and her supporters, the article reveals how these neglected, yet important, debates were complicated by interpersonal and professional ties, processes of the professionalization, and changing gender norms...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507820/self-centeredness-and-selflessness-happiness-correlates-and-mediating-psychological-processes
#2
Michael Dambrun
The main objective of this research was to test central assumptions from the Self-centeredness/Selflessness Happiness Model. According to this model, while self-centered psychological functioning induces fluctuating happiness, authentic-durable happiness results from selflessness. Distinct mediating processes are supposed to account for these relationships: afflictive affects (e.g., anger, fear, jealousy, frustration) in the case of the former, and both emotional stability and feelings of harmony in the case of the latter...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482196/auditory-and-non-auditory-hallucinations-in-first-episode-psychosis-differential-associations-with-diverse-clinical-features
#3
Chiara Galletti, Enrico Paolini, Alfonso Tortorella, Michael T Compton
Data from 247 first-episode psychosis patients were used to explore associations between types of hallucinations and nine diverse clinical characteristics. Psychopathology was rated using the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms and Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS). Childhood adversity was assessed with seven instruments; family history with an adapted version of the Family Interview for Genetic Studies; age at onset of psychosis and duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) with the Symptom Onset in Schizophrenia inventory; and insight with the Birchwood Insight Scale...
April 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464978/romantic-relationship-quality-in-the-digital-age-a-study-with-young-adults
#4
Virginia Sánchez, Noelia Muñoz-Fernández, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
Recent studies suggest that the online and offline behaviors young people display in romantic relationships are closely related. However, the differential effects of the dimensions of couple quality in the online context have not yet been explored in depth. The aim of this study was to explore online couple quality in young-adult relationships, and its association with romantic relationship satisfaction, also looking at effects of gender, age, and length of the relationship. 431 university students currently in a romantic relationship (68...
May 3, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462485/investigations-of-a-reproductive-processing-advantage-in-memory
#5
Cory J Derringer, John E Scofield, Bogdan Kostic
Previous work has shown that processing words for their survival value improves memory. If this survival processing effect reflects an evolutionary adaptation in memory, processing words for their reproductive value should also improve memory. Across three experiments, participants rated words for their relevance in reproductive scenarios. In Experiment 1, participants rated adjectives (traits) for their relevance in finding a mate, evaluating a coworker, or in terms of their pleasantness. Mate processing produced better memory than pleasantness ratings, but not coworker processing...
May 1, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398194/causal-attributions-of-mental-health-problems-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-somali-refugees-in-finland
#6
Saija Kuittinen, Mulki Mölsä, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Marja Tiilikainen, Marja-Liisa Honkasalo
Causal attributions of mental health problems play a crucial role in shaping and differentiating illness experience in different sociocultural and ethnic groups. The aims of this study were (a) to analyze older Somali refugees' causal attributions of mental health problems; (b) to examine the associations between demographic and diagnostic characteristics, proxy indicators of acculturation, and causal attributions; and (c) to analyze the connections between causal attributions and the manifestation of somatic-affective and cognitive depressive symptoms...
April 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367747/hiv-risk-and-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-rural-south-africa
#7
Kabelo Maleke, Nosipho Makhakhe, Remco Ph Peters, Geoffrey Jobson, Glenn De Swardt, Joseph Daniels, Timothy Lane, James A McIntyre, John Imrie, Helen Struthers
Rural South African men who have sex with men (MSM) are likely to be underserved in terms of access to relevant healthcare and HIV prevention services. While research in urban and peri-urban MSM populations has identified a range of factors affecting HIV risk in South African MSM, very little research is available that examines HIV risk and prevention in rural MSM populations. This exploratory study begins to address this lack by assessing perceptions of HIV risk among MSM in rural Limpopo province. Using thematic analysis of interview and discussion data, two overarching global themes that encapsulated participants' understandings of HIV risk and the HIV risk environment in their communities were developed...
March 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248556/psychometric-evaluation-and-cultural-correlates-of-the-mate-retention-inventory-short-form-mri-sf-in-iran
#8
Mohammad Atari, Nicole Barbaro, Todd K Shackelford, Razieh Chegeni
The current study investigated the psychometric properties of the Persian translation of the Mate Retention Inventory-Short Form (MRI-SF) in Iran. We also investigated sex differences in the use of mate retention tactics and investigated the relationships between mate retention behaviors and a number of related cultural constructs. Participants ( N = 308) ranged in age from 18 to 57 years. All participants were in a committed romantic relationship, with mean relationship length of 63.5 months ( SD = 73.8). Participants completed the Persian translation of the MRI-SF and measures of religiosity, relationship satisfaction, self-esteem, and socioeconomic status...
January 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131002/an-exploratory-study-of-the-heterogeneity-of-the-jealousy-phenomenon-and-its-associations-with-affective-temperaments-and-psychopathological-dimensions-in-a-large-brazilian-sample
#9
Amanda B Lima, Cristiano A Köhler, Brendon Stubbs, João Quevedo, Thomas N Hyphantis, Ai Koyanagi, Donatella Marazziti, Jair C Soares, Eduard Vieta, André F Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Jealousy is a heterogenous emotion on a spectrum from normality to psychopathology. The relationship between different jealousy subtypes/dimensions and affective temperaments remain unknown. In addition, few large surveys have investigated the associations between jealousy subtypes and psychopathological dimensions. METHODS: A Brazilian Portuguese version of the "Questionario della Gelosia" (QUEGE) was developed. We obtained data from an anonymous web-based research platform...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120160/the-effects-of-continuities-in-parent-and-peer-aggression-on-relational-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#10
Bonnie J Leadbeater, Paweena Sukhawathanakul, Brett Holfeld, Jeffery R Temple
Past research suggests that exposure to parent psychological control and peer relational aggression and victimization experienced during adolescence is associated with relational intimate partner violence (IPV) in young adults (ages 22 to 29). However, the effects of continuities in these concerns across young adulthood have not been assessed. Relational IPV is characterized by behaviors intended to damage partner's emotional well-being and security in a romantic relationship (e.g., threatening to break up, purposefully ignoring, or causing jealousy)...
January 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118821/the-content-of-delusions-in-a-sample-of-south-african-xhosa-people-with-schizophrenia
#11
Megan M Campbell, Goodman Sibeko, Sumaya Mall, Adam Baldinger, Mohamed Nagdee, Ezra Susser, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between cultural beliefs and schizophrenia has received some attention, relatively little work has emerged from African contexts. In this study we draw from a sample of South African Xhosa people with schizophrenia, exploring their cultural beliefs and explanations of illness. The purpose of the article is to examine the relationship between this cultural context and the content of delusions. METHODS: A sample comprising 200 Xhosa people with schizophrenia participating in a South African schizophrenia genomics study were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I)...
January 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112968/older-adults-report-more-sadness-and-less-jealousy-than-young-adults-in-response-to-worry-induction
#12
Christine E Gould, Lindsay A Gerolimatos, Sherry A Beaudreau, Nehjla Mashal, Barry A Edelstein
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined age differences in descriptions of the experience of worry and worry content. METHOD: Twenty-eight older and 25 younger adults participated in an experimental manipulation of worry (i.e. 5-minute worry induction). Participants identified their three main worries and completed an emotion checklist before and after the induction. RESULTS: After the induction, younger adults endorsed feeling fearful, impatient, and irritated, whereas older adults endorsed feeling tense or worrying...
January 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997328/pathological-jealousy-an-interactive-condition
#13
Mary V Seeman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to describe the psychopathology, antecedents, and current management of pathological jealousy from an interpersonal perspective. METHOD: The Google Scholar database was searched with the following terms: delusional jealousy; morbid jealousy; paranoid jealousy; pathological jealousy; Othello syndrome; delusional disorder-jealous type; conjugal paranoia. From a total of 600 articles, 40 were selected based on their currency and pertinence to the interpersonal aspects of jealousy...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889296/donor-and-recipient-views-on-their-relationship-in-living-kidney-donation-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#14
Angelique F Ralph, Phyllis Butow, Camilla S Hanson, Steve J Chadban, Jeremy R Chapman, Jonathan C Craig, John Kanellis, Grant Luxton, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Many donors and recipients report an improved relationship after transplantation; however, tension, neglect, guilt, and proprietorial concern over the recipient can impede donor and recipient well-being and outcomes. We aimed to describe donor and recipient expectations and experiences of their relationship in the context of living kidney donation. STUDY DESIGN: Thematic synthesis of qualitative studies. SETTING & POPULATION: Living kidney donors and recipients...
May 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872394/women-s-fertility-status-alters-other-women-s-jealousy-and-mate-guarding
#15
Ashalee C Hurst, Jessica L Alquist, David A Puts
Across three studies, we tested the hypothesis that women exhibit greater jealousy and mate guarding toward women who are in the high (vs. low) fertility phase of their cycle. Women who imagined their partner with a woman pictured at high fertility reported more jealousy than women who imagined their partner with a woman pictured at low fertility (Studies 1 and 2). A meta-analysis across studies manipulating fertility status of the pictured woman found a significant effect of fertility status on both jealousy and mate guarding...
November 20, 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869562/wanting-to-be-seen-young-people-s-experiences-of-performative-making-out
#16
Kate M Esterline, Charlene L Muehlenhard
People engage in sexual behavior for many reasons, some of which require an audience (e.g., arousing onlookers, making someone jealous). In this study, we investigated the prevalence, motivations, and outcomes of young people's experiences with performative making out-making out with someone and wanting others to see. Of the 155 female and 194 male college students who completed the online questionnaire, 32% of the women and 37% of the men reported having done this, often before entering college. Significantly more women than men reported same-sex performative experiences...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867295/siblings-perceptions-of-differential-treatment-fairness-and-jealousy-and-adolescent-adjustment-a-moderated-indirect-effects-model
#17
Meghan K Loeser, Shawn D Whiteman, Susan M McHale
Youth's perception of parents' differential treatment (PDT) are associated with maladjustment during adolescence. Although the direct relations between PDT and youth's maladjustment have been well established, the mechanisms underlying these associations remain unclear. We addressed this gap by examining whether sibling jealousy accounted for the links between PDT and youth's depressive symptoms, self-worth, and risky behaviors. Additionally, we examined whether youth's perceptions of fairness regarding their treatment as well as the gender constellation of the dyad moderated these indirect relations (i...
August 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863267/jealousy-in-adolescents-daily-lives-how-does-it-relate-to-interpersonal-context-and-well-being
#18
Hannah K Lennarz, Anna Lichtwarck-Aschoff, Catrin Finkenauer, Isabela Granic
Past studies have shown that jealousy peaks in adolescence. However, little is known about how and when adolescents experience jealousy in their daily lives. The current study aimed to examine the relation between state jealousy, the more general propensity to feel jealous, the interpersonal contexts in which jealousy arises, and different forms of social comparison. The impact of jealousy on perceptions of well-being was also explored. We used an experience sampling method during two weekends with 68 adolescents (Mage = 13...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829870/the-intrasubjectivity-of-self-voices-and-delusions-a-phenomenological-analysis
#19
Cherise Rosen, Nev Jones, Kayla A Chase, Hannah Gin, Linda S Grossman, Rajiv P Sharma
To advance the area of phenomenology of voices and their interrelatedness to forms of delusions this study investigated the prevalence and interrelatedness of co-occurring auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) and delusions. Additionally we explored the characterization of distinct sub-categories/clusters of AVHs and delusions. Ninety-two participants experiencing psychosis were administered standardized clinical measures. We found a significant diagnostic difference with increased prevalence of co-occurring AVHs and delusions within the schizophrenia group compared to the bipolar with psychosis group...
2016: Psychosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591747/the-cyber-aggression-in-relationships-scale-a-new-multidimensional-measure-of-technology-based-intimate-partner-aggression
#20
Laura E Watkins, Rosalita C Maldonado, David DiLillo
The purpose of this study was to develop and provide initial validation for a measure of adult cyber intimate partner aggression (IPA): the Cyber Aggression in Relationships Scale (CARS). Drawing on recent conceptual models of cyber IPA, items from previous research exploring general cyber aggression and cyber IPA were modified and new items were generated for inclusion in the CARS. Two samples of adults 18 years or older were recruited online. We used item factor analysis to test the factor structure, model fit, and invariance of the measure structure across women and men...
September 2, 2016: Assessment
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