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Melanocytic nevi

Katharina Wiedemeyer, Antonio Guadagno, Jonathan Davey, Thomas Brenn
Spitz nevi on acral sites are rare and poorly documented. The combination of Spitzoid cytomorphology and atypical architectural features of the junctional component may lead to an erroneous diagnosis of melanoma. To study the clinicopthologic and immunohistochemical features, 50 Spitz nevi localized on the distal extremities were retrieved from departmental files. Clinical data and follow-up were obtained and the histologic features were analyzed. P16 and P21 immunohistochemical staining of the dermal component was compared with that of 10 acral lentiginous melanomas and 10 acral nevi...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Oscar W Nevares-Pomales, Osward Y Carrasquillo, Marely Santiago-Vazquez, Francisco Colon-Fontanez
Spitz nevus is a type of melanocytic nevus that can arise as a solitary lesion or as multiple lesions either disseminated or agminated (grouped) in different skin backgrounds (eg, grossly normal, hyperpigmented, or hypopigmented). Agminated Spitz nevi have been rarely reported and are even rarer in a background of hypopigmented skin. We present the case of a 2-month-old girl with multiple, grouped, dome-shaped, red papules arising on a hypopigmented patch with a segmental distribution. Biopsy of 2 lesions showed findings characteristic of Spitz nevus, confirming the diagnosis...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Deren Özcan, Deniz Seçkin, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: The incidence and mortality of melanoma are increased in organ transplant recipients. Multiple acquired common and dysplastic nevi are risk factors for melanoma. A new or changing nevus may suggest melanoma. Strategies used by transplant dermatologists to monitor nevi are unknown. Herein, we aimed to assess the methods used by transplant dermatologists for monitoring multiple acquired common nevi, dysplastic nevi, and new or changing nevi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was e-mailed to 63 members of the Skin Care in Organ Transplant Patients, Europe...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Hannu Tiri, Jari Jokelainen, Markku Timonen, Kaisa Tasanen, Laura Huilaja
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is associated with various somatic and psychiatric comorbidities. Data regarding comorbidities in young HS patients are sparse. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed both somatic and psychiatric comorbidities in young patients in a nationwide HS cohort. METHODS: In this retrospective case-control study, data from cases of HS in young (aged ≥5 and <18 years) patients and age-matched controls with benign melanocytic nevi were collected from the Finnish Care Registry of Health Care...
March 5, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Girish Gulab Meshram, Neeraj Kaur, Kanwaljeet Singh Hura
Giant congenital melanocytic nevi (GCMN) are a rare occurrence. Gain-of-function mutation in the NRAS gene is found to be associated with GCMN, causing abnormal proliferation of embryonic melanoblasts. The two major complications associated with GCMN are malignant melanoma and neurocutaneous melanosis. Treatment of GCMN has conventionally been surgical. However, the role of NRAS inhibitors and inactivation of nevus tissue by high hydrostatic pressure are being explored. We present a case of a 1-day-old neonate born with GCMN, along with a review of the literature...
January 2018: Case Reports in Dermatology
Małgorzata Mackiewicz-Wysocka, Patrycja Czerwińska, Violetta Filas, Elżbieta Bogajewska, Agata Kubicka, Anna Przybyła, Ewelina Dondajewska, Tomasz Kolenda, Andrzej Marszałek, Andrzej Mackiewicz
Introduction: Twenty-five - fifty percent of skin melanomas arise from nevi. Melanocyte proliferation is activated by BRAF V600E , then is arrested, but single nevi transform to melanomas. p16 controls arrest, and p16 loss may promote transformation. Aim: To analyze BRAF V600E , p16 expression and melanocyte proliferation in dermal, compound and dysplastic nevi, cells of primary and metastatic melanoma in the Polish population. Material and methods: One hundred and thirty-two nevi (dermal, compound, dysplastic) and 41 melanomas ( in situ , primary, metastatic) were studied...
October 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Carolina Martinez Ciarpaglini, Jose Gonzalez, Beatriz Sanchez, Jaime Agusti, Lara Navarro, Gema Nieto, Carlos Monteagudo
AIMS: The risk assessment of spitzoid lesions is one of the most difficult challenges in dermatopathology practice. In this regard, the loss of p16 expression and the homozygous deletion of CDKN2A, have been pointed in the literature as reliable indicators of high risk. However, these findings are poorly reproducible, and the molecular bases underlying the loss of p16 expression remain unclear. We aimed to identify the underlying events causing loss of CDKN2A/p16 in spitzoid tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of p16, and the presence of CDKN2A genetic alterations detected through fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), in a series of 130 Spitz nevi, 20 atypical spitzoid tumors, and 11 spitzoid melanoma...
February 27, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Georgi Tchernev, Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Ivan Terziev, Yavor Grigorov, Torello Lotti, Uwe Wollina, José Carlos Cardoso, Irina Yungareva, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov
Small pigmented lesions in children can represent a significant diagnostic challenge. If the diagnostic features and therapeutic approach are relatively well established in large and giant nevi, there is still much controversy regarding small and intermediate-sized congenital pigmented lesions that can lead to significant diagnostic challenges, both clinically and dermoscopically, and consequently to difficulty in defining the optimal approach in such cases. Although dermoscopy can be useful in the diagnosis of pigmented lesions, the diversity of clinical and dermoscopic features of pigmented nevi in children usually hinder the differentiation between them and melanoma...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Georgi Tchernev, Gabriela Atanasova Dzhelyatova, Uwe Wollina, Ilia Lozev, Torello Lotti
BACKGROUND: Congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) are pigmented skin lesions usually present at birth. Rare varieties can develop and become clinically very large. Although they are benign nevomelanocytic neoplasms, all CMN may be precursors of the melanoma, regardless of their size. Individual risk of malignant transformation of melanocyte is determined by simultaneous action of exogenous and endogenous factors. The major exogenous risk factor is ultraviolet radiation. Leading roles among the endogenous factors are attributed to skin phenotype, gene mutation, sex hormones and their significance...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mitchell S Stark, Jean-Marie Tan, Lisa Tom, Kasturee Jagirdar, Duncan Lambie, Helmut Schaider, H Peter Soyer, Richard A Sturm
The melanoma transformation rate of each nevus is rare despite the detection of oncogenic BRAF or NRAS mutations in 100% of nevi. Acquired melanocytic nevi (AMN) do however mimic melanoma and ∼30% of all melanomas arise within pre-existing nevi. Using whole-exome sequencing of 30 matched nevi, adjacent normal skin, and saliva we sought to identify the underlying genetic mechanisms for nevus development. All nevi were clinically, dermoscopically, and histopathologically documented. In addition to identifying somatic mutations, we found mutational signatures relating to ultra-violet radiation (UVR) mirroring those found in cutaneous melanoma...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Emily Nc Ryder, Nicolas Turnball, Patrick O Emanuel
Perineuriomatous differentiation in solitary cutaneous melanocytic nevi has been described. We present a possibly unique case of a patient with multiple such perineuriomatous nevi. This presentation raises the possibility of a germline mutation may be responsible for the pathogenesis of these unusual lesions.
February 22, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Ho-Chung Chen, Jairo Sierra, Lumeng Jenny Yu, Robert Cerchio, Brian A Wall, James Goydos, Suzie Chen
Our laboratory previously showed that ectopic expression of Grm1 is sufficient to induce spontaneous melanoma formation with 100% penetrance in transgenic mouse model, TG-3, which harbors wild-type BRaf. Studies identified Grm1 expression in human melanoma cell lines and primary to secondary metastatic melanoma biopsies having wild-type or mutated BRaf, but not in normal melanocytes or benign nevi. Grm1 expression was detected in tissues from mice genetically engineered with inducible melanocyte-specific BRafV600E ...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
Ali Tareen, Kristine Pallesen, Tine Vestergaard
Eruptive melanocytic nevi (EMN) is an unusual phenomenon characterized by the abrupt development of multiple melanocytic nevi over weeks to months in association with an underlying trigger. The underlying mechanisms are not fully understood, however, they have been associated with a variety of conditions. EMN is relatively uncommon and might be underreported due to the absence of close monitoring, insufficient recognition, and the presumed benign course of the condition. We describe the first case report of acral EMN associated with a burn wound on a 2-year-old child...
January 2018: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Yong Yu, Kolja Schleich, Bin Yue, Sujuan Ji, Philipp Lohneis, Kristel Kemper, Mark R Silvis, Nouar Qutob, Ellen van Rooijen, Melanie Werner-Klein, Lianjie Li, Dhriti Dhawan, Svenja Meierjohann, Maurice Reimann, Abdel Elkahloun, Steffi Treitschke, Bernd Dörken, Christian Speck, Frédérick A Mallette, Leonard I Zon, Sheri L Holmen, Daniel S Peeper, Yardena Samuels, Clemens A Schmitt, Soyoung Lee
Oncogene-induced senescence, e.g., in melanocytic nevi, terminates the expansion of pre-malignant cells via transcriptional silencing of proliferation-related genes due to decoration of their promoters with repressive trimethylated histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) marks. We show here that structurally distinct H3K9-active demethylases-the lysine-specific demethylase-1 (LSD1) and several Jumonji C domain-containing moieties (such as JMJD2C)-disable senescence and permit Ras/Braf-evoked transformation. In mouse and zebrafish models, enforced LSD1 or JMJD2C expression promoted Braf-V600E-driven melanomagenesis...
February 12, 2018: Cancer Cell
Anna A Brożyna, Andrew Aplin, Cynthia Cohen, Grant Carlson, Andrew Joseph Page, Michael Murphy, Andrzej T Slominski, J Andrew Carlson
Cyclin-dependent kinase subunit 1 (Cks1) regulates the degradation of p27, an important G1-S inhibitor, which is up regulated by MAPK pathway activation. In this study, we sought to determine whether Cks1 expression is increased in melanocytic tumors and correlates with outcome and/or other clinicopathologic prognostic markers. Cks1 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 298 melanocytic lesions. The frequency and intensity of cytoplasmic and nuclear expression was scored as a labeling index and correlated with clinico-pathological data...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
A Ritter, M Tronnier, B Vaske, C Mitteldorf
The histopathologic differentiation between Spitz nevus and melanoma is of particular interest in routine diagnostic procedures of melanocytic tumors. Atypical Spitz nevi are sometimes difficult to distinguish from melanoma. There is still no single criterion that ensures a distinction of melanoma and atypical Spitz nevus. The aim of this study was to reevaluate established and new criteria to differentiate Spitz nevus from melanoma more reliably. We analyzed 25 melanomas with a Breslow index ≥ 1 mm and 18 classical compound Spitz nevi concerning their histopathologic, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic characteristics...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Dermatological Research
Guosheng Li, Emily Adams, James R Eshleman, Charles G Eberhart
PURPOSE: BRAF V600E mutations were recently identified in some pyogenic granulomas of skin, particularly lesions arising in patients with port wine stains. In this study, the authors analyzed BRAF gene status in 28 periocular pyogenic granulomas to determine its role in their pathogenesis. METHODS: Retrospective review of ophthalmic pathology archives from 2007 to 2016 was used to identify pyogenic granulomas of the conjunctiva, eyelid, and orbit. Three eyelid nevi were also analyzed as positive controls...
February 5, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
L Tognetti, E Cinotti, J L Perrot, M Campoli, M Fimiani, P Rubegni
BACKGROUND: Though the combination/collision of nevi or lentigo simplex and hemangiomas is frequent, the malignant collision tumor melanoma-hemangioma is exceptional and can sometime clinically simulate a benign collision. To date, a series of collision tumors of hemangiomas associated with either benign or malignant melanocytic skin lesions (MSL) has yet to be studied by non-invasive imaging and clinico-pathologic correlates. METHODS: We present 10 cases of patients with collision tumors of hemangioma with different MSL including: 2 in situ lentigo-maligna melanoma, 1 invasive melanoma, 5 melanocytic nevi, and 2 lentigo simplex...
January 31, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
Emma Heck, Habib Kurwa, Lynne Robertson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Natasha M van Poppelen, Jolanda Vaarwater, Hardeep S Mudhar, Karen Sisley, Ian G Rennie, Paul Rundle, Tom Brands, Quincy C C van den Bosch, Hanneke W Mensink, Annelies de Klein, Emine Kiliç, Robert M Verdijk
PURPOSE: Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults. Iris melanoma comprises 4% to 10% of all UMs and has a lower mortality rate. The genetic changes in iris melanoma are not as well characterized as ciliary body or choroidal melanoma. The aim of this study was to gain more insight into the genetic background of iris melanoma and iris nevi. DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Patients diagnosed with iris melanoma or iris nevi who underwent surgical intervention as primary or secondary treatment...
January 19, 2018: Ophthalmology
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