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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932364/mortality-in-the-hertfordshire-ageing-study-association-with-level-and-loss-of-hand-grip-strength-in-later-life
#1
Holly Emma Syddall, Leo David Westbury, Richard Dodds, Elaine Dennison, Cyrus Cooper, Avan Aihie Sayer
BACKGROUND: weak hand grip strength in later life is a risk factor for disability, morbidity and mortality and is central to definitions of sarcopenia and frailty. It is unclear whether rate of change in grip strength adds to level of grip strength as a risk factor for poor ageing outcomes. METHODS: study participants were 292 community-dwelling men and women whose grip strength was measured during the 1994/5 (average age 67) and 2003/5 (average age 76) phases of the Hertfordshire Ageing Study, UK...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931580/changes-in-muscle-strength-and-six-minute-walk-distance-before-and-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#2
Y Mizuno, S Ito, K Hattori, M Nagaya, T Inoue, Y Nishida, Y Onishi, H Kamei, N Kurata, Y Hasegawa, Y Ogura
BACKGROUND: Impaired exercise capacity and muscle weakness are important characteristics of liver transplantation recipients. Perioperative rehabilitation has been introduced to promote early mobilization of patients and to prevent postoperative pulmonary complications. However, it is unknown how physical status recovers during the hospital stay after a liver transplant. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in clinical indicators that represent the functional exercise capacity and muscle strength before and after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT)...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926913/effect-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-on-strength-dexterity-coordination-and-functional-status-of-the-hand-the-relationship-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings
#3
Asiye Mukaddes Erol, Esma Ceceli, Selma Uysal Ramadan, Pınar Borman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on strength, dexterity, coordination and functional status of the hand and to determine the relation with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty eight patients with RA and thirty three controls were included in the study. There were five drop-outs in RA group. Pain was assessed by visual analog scale. Painful and swollen joints of the dominant hand were recorded. Hand deformities of the patients were noted...
November 23, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925146/assessment-of-diagnostics-tools-for-sarcopenia-severity-using-the-item-response-theory-irt
#4
M Steffl, M Musalek, V Kramperova, M Petr, E Kohlikova, I Holmerova, L Volicer
OBJECTIVE: To use the item response theory (IRT) methods to examine the degree to which the four selected tools reflect sarcopenia and to arrange them according to their ability to estimate sarcopenia severity. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study aimed at verifying the possibilities of using diagnostic tools for sarcopenia. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study included residents living in an assisted living unit at the Senior Centre in Blansko (South Moravia, Czech Republic) (n=77)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925139/association-of-grip-strength-upper-arm-circumference-and-waist-circumference-with-dementia-in-older-adults-of-the-wise-study-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
H L Ong, S H S Chang, E Abdin, J A Vaingankar, A Jeyagurunathan, S Shafie, H Magadi, S A Chong, M Subramaniam
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations of handgrip strength, upper arm circumference, and waist circumference with dementia among Singapore older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional epidemiological study. SETTING: Residential homes, day care centres, nursing homes and institutions. PARTICIPANTS: 2,565 men and women aged 60 years and above who participated in the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study in 2013. MEASUREMENTS: Socio-demographic correlates, dietary habits, health behaviours, grip strength, upper arm circumference, and waist circumference were collected...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924806/abdominal-fat-distribution-differently-affects-muscle-strength-of-the-upper-and-lower-extremities-in-women
#6
L Otten, A Bosy-Westphal, J Ordemann, E Rothkegel, N Stobäus, U Elbelt, K Norman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In obese subjects, reduced muscle mass and strength are associated with impaired functional and metabolic capacity. We therefore investigated the association between abdominal fat distribution, fat mass index and maximum muscle strength of upper and lower extremities in obese patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: One hundred and fifty five outpatients with a body mass index (BMI)⩾30 kg/m(2) (105 women; 45.1±14.6 years; BMI 43.5±8.2 kg/m(2)) were included in the study...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919650/association-between-dysfunction-of-upper-extremity-and-locomotive-syndrome-in-general-population
#7
Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Noboru Oya, Chisa Okura, Satoshi Shinagawa, Takanori Kitagawa, Hiroki Kobayashi, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relation between self-assessment of upper extremity function and locomotive syndrome in a general population. METHODS: Using the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function (GLFS-25) test, 320 Japanese people (115 men, 205 women, mean age 67.6 years, 40-92 years) were evaluated for locomotive dysfunction. All had completed a self-administered questionnaire including items for sex, weight, height, dominant hand, and the degree of frequency of hand in ADL...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919502/motor-fatigability-after-low-intensity-hand-grip-exercises-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Deborah Severijns, Mieke Lemmens, Ronald Thoelen, Peter Feys
INTRODUCTION: During maximal, sustained contractions, persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) show higher motor fatigability in comparison with healthy persons. It is not known if motor fatigability is also different between PwMS and healthy persons during low-intensity exercises. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the difference in hand grip fatigability between healthy persons and PwMS for both hands during low-intensity hand grip exercises. METHODS: 19 PwMS and 19 healthy controls performed 18min of hand grip exercises at a maximum of 25% of the maximal voluntary strength, with an electronic hand dynamometer...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919251/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sensory-awareness-training-and-additional-motor-practice-for-learning-scalpel-skills-in-podiatry-students
#9
Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: The process of using a scalpel, like all other motor activities, is dependent upon the successful integration of afferent (sensory), cognitive and efferent (motor) processes. During learning of these skills, even if motor practice is carefully monitored there is still an inherent risk involved. It is also possible that this strategy could reinforce high levels of anxiety experienced by the student and affect student self-efficacy, causing detrimental effects on motor learning...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917570/handwriting-difficulties-of-children-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-type-1a
#10
Daniel Kunovsky, Reinie Cordier, Paula Bray, Joshua Burns
Hand weakness and impaired manual dexterity have been reported in children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A). This early onset of upper limb involvement might explain frequent clinical referrals for assessment and treatment of impaired handwriting performance. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of CMT1A on handwriting speed and legibility, and identify demographic, anthropometric and physical measures that might relate to handwriting performance. Handwriting speed (Handwriting Speed Test), handwriting legibility (Evaluation Tool of Children's Handwriting-Cursive) and hand strength (hand-held dynamometry of tip pinch, lateral pinch and grip) were assessed in 30 children with CMT1A (aged 8-17 years) and 30 age- and sex-matched controls...
December 5, 2016: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914496/computed-tomography-derived-skeletal-muscle-index-a-novel-predictor-of-frailty-and-hospital-length-of-stay-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#11
Vishal Dahya, Jingjie Xiao, Carla M Prado, Penny Burroughs, Dan McGee, Aline C Silva, Julian E Hurt, Shafi G Mohamed, Thomas Noel, Wayne Batchelor
: To determine the prevalence of low skeletal muscle mass in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and whether skeletal muscle mass measured from preoperative computed tomography (CT) images provides value in predicting postoperative length of stay (LOS). BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the use of body composition as a frailty measure in TAVR patients and no studies have determined if this measure predicts LOS. METHODS: We studied 104 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR at Tallahassee Memorial Hospital from 2012 to 2016...
December 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914183/interphalangeal-joint-sonography-of-symptomatic-hand-osteoarthritis-clinical-and-functional-correlation
#12
Natalia de Oliva Spolidoro Paschoal, Jamil Natour, Flavia S Machado, Hilda Alcântara Veiga de Oliveira, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado
OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation between inflammatory sonographic findings (grayscale synovial hypertrophy and power Doppler) and clinical and functional assessments in hand osteoarthritis (symptomatic interphalangeal joints) and to correlate the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of these findings. METHODS: A prospective double-blind study of 60 interphalangeal joints was conducted. The joints were assessed 6 times per year by clinician and sonographer observers...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912919/the-southampton-hand-assessment-procedure-revisited-a-transparent-linear-scoring-system-applied-to-data-of-experienced-prosthetic-users
#13
Johannes G M Burgerhof, Ecaterina Vasluian, Pieter U Dijkstra, Raoul M Bongers, Corry K van der Sluis
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. INTRODUCTION: Southampton Hand Assessment Procedure (SHAP) provides function scores for hand grips (prehensile patterns) and an overall score, the index of function (IOF). The underlying equations of SHAP are not publicly available, which induces opacity. Furthermore, SHAP has been scarcely tested in prosthetic users. METHODS: Issues with SHAP-IOF are discussed; an alternative scoring system, that is, linear index of function (LIF) and a weighted version (W-LIF) are presented...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909406/assessment-of-a-wearable-force-and-electromyography-device-and-comparison-of-the-related-signals-for-myocontrol
#14
Mathilde Connan, Eduardo Ruiz Ramírez, Bernhard Vodermayer, Claudio Castellini
In the frame of assistive robotics, multi-finger prosthetic hand/wrists have recently appeared, offering an increasing level of dexterity; however, in practice their control is limited to a few hand grips and still unreliable, with the effect that pattern recognition has not yet appeared in the clinical environment. According to the scientific community, one of the keys to improve the situation is multi-modal sensing, i.e., using diverse sensor modalities to interpret the subject's intent and improve the reliability and safety of the control system in daily life activities...
2016: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909126/medium-term-outcomes-of-the-universal-2-total-wrist-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
R Badge, K Kailash, D R Dickson, S Mahalingam, A Raza, A Birch, D Nuttall, S R Murali, M J Hayton, S Talwalkar, A C Watts, I A Trail
AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of the Universal-2 total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all 95 Universal-2 TWAs which were performed in our institution between 2003 to 2012 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A total of six patients were lost to follow-up and two died of unrelated causes. A total of ten patients had bilateral procedures...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907044/coenzyme-q10-status-as-a-determinant-of-muscular-strength-in-two-independent-cohorts
#16
Alexandra Fischer, Simone Onur, Petra Niklowitz, Thomas Menke, Matthias Laudes, Gerald Rimbach, Frank Döring
Aging is associated with sarcopenia, which is a loss of skeletal muscle mass and function. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is involved in several important functions that are related to bioenergetics and protection against oxidative damage; however, the role of CoQ10 as a determinant of muscular strength is not well documented. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the determinants of muscular strength by examining hand grip force in relation to CoQ10 status, gender, age and body mass index (BMI) in two independent cohorts (n = 334, n = 967)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903782/the-assessment-of-grip-strength-after-upper-limb-injuries-in-medico-legal-practice
#17
Hjcr Belcher
Four hundred adult claimants underwent medico-legal assessment following upper limb injuries. Dynamometry was performed on each using the Jamar five handle-position test. Injury causes loss of power and there is a significant relationship between the percentage loss of power and the measured whole limb impairment. This paper presents a new approach for the analysis of the tests. The normal physiological length-tension pattern of muscle is maintained in the majority of claimants albeit with modifications due to the specific effects of injury on hand function...
November 30, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897406/integrated-care-for-geriatric-frailty-and-sarcopenia-a-randomized-control-trial
#18
Ding-Cheng Derrick Chan, Hsiao-Hui Tsou, Chirn-Bin Chang, Rong-Sen Yang, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Ching-Yu Chen, Chin-Fu Hsiao, Ya-Ting Hsu, Chia-Hui Chen, Shu-Fang Chang, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Ken N Kuo
BACKGROUND: Exercise, nutrition, and psychological interventions may all have positive impacts on frailty and sarcopenia. However, it is not known whether an integrated care programme with all three components can be beneficial and the intensity of such programme is also not certain. In this study, we aim to determine the effectiveness of two levels of integrated care on frailty and sarcopenia. METHODS: A randomized control trial was conducted at two community hospitals in Taiwan...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895474/efficacy-of-l-carnitine-supplementation-on-frailty-status-and-its-biomarkers-nutritional-status-and-physical-and-cognitive-function-among-prefrail-older-adults-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
M Badrasawi, Suzana Shahar, A M Zahara, R Nor Fadilah, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a biological syndrome of decreased reserve and resistance to stressors due to decline in multiple physiological systems. Amino acid deficiency, including L-carnitine, has been proposed to be associated with its pathophysiology. Nevertheless, the efficacy of L-carnitine supplementation on frailty status has not been documented. Thus, this study aimed to determine the effect of 10-week L-carnitine supplement (1.5 g/day) on frailty status and its biomarkers and also physical function, cognition, and nutritional status among prefrail older adults in Klang Valley, Malaysia...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894853/concurrent-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-pronator-syndrome-a-retrospective-study-of-21-cases
#20
Chih-Wei Hsiao, Jui-Tein Shih, Sheng-Tsai Hung
PURPOSE: Concurrent carpal tunnel syndrome and pronator syndrome are rarely considered and the proximal compression sites are easily overlooked. We retrospectively studied 21 concurrent cases in our series from 2009 to 2015 and report the results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The typical symptoms were pain, tingling, and numbness of the radial 3½ digits. If paresthesia involved the thenar eminence and proximal forearm pain was noted in cases of carpal tunnel syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome combined with pronator syndrome was considered...
November 25, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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