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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426748/tails-of-the-travelling-gaussian-model-and-the-relative-age-effect-tales-of-age-discrimination-and-wasted-talent
#1
John R Doyle, Paul A Bottomley, Rob Angell
The Relative Age Effect (RAE) documents the inherent disadvantages of being younger rather than older in an age-banded cohort, typically a school- or competition-year, to the detriment of career-progression, earnings and wellbeing into adulthood. We develop the Tails of the Travelling Gaussian (TTG) to model the mechanisms behind RAE. TTG has notable advantages over existing approaches, which have been largely descriptive, potentially confounded, and non-comparable across contexts. In Study 1, using data from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, we investigate the different levels of RAE bias across school-level academic subjects and "personality" traits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421940/not-a-level-playing-field
#2
(no author information available yet)
Your news story on the 'Nurse First' fast-track course is interesting (news online, 31 March). Superficially, the two-year programme appears to be a good way of recruiting talented and appropriately qualified graduates into a nursing career.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419175/talent-identification-and-recruitment-in-youth-soccer-recruiter-s-perceptions-of-the-key-attributes-for-player-recruitment
#3
Paul Larkin, Donna O'Connor
Using the modified Delphi method, we aimed to understand the attributes youth coaches and recruiters perceive as important when identifying skilled youth performance at the entry level of representative soccer in Australia (i.e., Under 13 years). Furthermore, we also aimed to describe the current methods youth coaches and recruiters use to assess and identify these attributes in youth players. Australian regional youth technical directors and coaches (n = 20) completed a three stage process, including an initial interview and two subsequent questionnaires, whereby attributes and qualities associated with talent identification were rated and justified according to the importance for youth player performance and talent identification...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417687/does-a-perceptuomotor-skills-assessment-have-added-value-to-detect-talent-for-table-tennis-in-primary-school-children
#4
Irene R Faber, Johan Pion, Goran Munivrana, Niels R Faber, Maria W G Nijhuis-Van der Sanden
Talent detection intends to support lifelong sports participation, reduce dropouts and stimulate sports at the elite level. For this purpose it is important to reveal the specific profile which directs children to the sports that connect to their strengths and preferences. This study evaluated a perceptuomotor skills assessment as part of talent detection for table tennis, a sport in which perceptuomotor skills are considered essential to cope with the difficult technical aspects. Primary school children (n = 121) and gifted young table tennis players (n = 146) were assessed using the Dutch perceptuomotor skills assessment measuring "ball control" and "gross motor function"...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416892/anthropometric-and-physical-characteristics-allow-differentiation-of-young-female-volleyball-players-according-to-playing-position-and-level-of-expertise
#5
M Milić, Z Grgantov, K Chamari, L P Ardigò, A Bianco, J Padulo
The aim of our study was to determine the differences in some anthropometric and physical performance variables of young Croatian female volleyball players (aged 13 to 15) in relation to playing position (i.e., independent variable) and performance level within each position (i.e., independent variable). Players were categorized according to playing position (i.e., role) as middle blockers (n=28), opposite hitters (n=41), passer-hitters (n=54), setters (n=30), and liberos (n=28). Within each position, players were divided into a more successful group and a less successful group according to team ranking in the latest regional championship and player quality within the team...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416354/unilateral-jumps-in-different-directions-a-novel-assessment-of-soccer-associated-power
#6
Conall F Murtagh, Jos Vanrenterghem, Andrew O'Boyle, Ryland Morgans, Barry Drust, Robert M Erskine
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether countermovement jumps (CMJs; unilateral and bilateral) performed in different directions assessed independent lower-limb power qualities, and if unilateral CMJs would better differentiate between elite and non-elite soccer players than the bilateral vertical (BV) CMJ. DESIGN: Elite (n=23; age, 18.1±1.0years) and non-elite (n=20; age, 22.3±2.7years) soccer players performed three BV, unilateral vertical (UV), unilateral horizontal-forward (UH) and unilateral medial (UM) CMJs...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412270/how-surgeons-conceptualize-talent-a-qualitative-study-using-sport-science-as-a-lens
#7
Rune Dall Jensen, Mette Krogh Christensen, Kori A LaDonna, Mikkel Seyer-Hansen, Sayra Cristancho
OBJECTIVES: Debates prevail regarding the definition of surgical talent, and how individuals with the potential to become talented surgeons can be identified and developed. However, over the past 30 years, talent has been studied extensively in other domains. The objectives of this study is to explore notions of talent in surgery and sport in order to investigate if the field of surgical education can benefit from expanding its view on talented performances. Therefore, this study aims to use the sport literature as a lens when exploring how surgeons conceptualize and define talent...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410998/a-retrospective-longitudinal-analysis-of-anthropometric-and-physical-qualities-that-associate-with-adult-career-attainment-in-junior-rugby-league-players
#8
Kevin Till, David Morley, John O'Hara, Ben L Jones, Chris Chapman, Clive B Beggs, Carlton Cooke, Stephen Cobley
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively compare the longitudinal physical development of junior rugby league players between the Under 13 and 15 age categories in relation to their adult career attainment outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal design. METHODS: Fifty-one former junior rugby league players were retrospectively grouped according to their career attainment outcome as adults (i.e., amateur, academy or professional). As juniors, players undertook a physical testing battery on three consecutive annual occasions (Under 13s, 14s, 15s) including height, body mass, sum of four skinfolds, maturation, vertical jump, medicine ball chest throw, 10-60m sprint, agility 505 and estimated V˙O2max ...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406356/the-association-between-fundamental-athletic-movements-and-physical-fitness-in-elite-junior-australian-footballers
#9
Carl T Woods, Ian McKeown, Justin Keogh, Sam Robertson
This study investigated the associations between fundamental athletic movement and physical fitness in junior Australian football (AF). Forty-four under 18 players performed a fundamental athletic movement assessment consisting of an overhead squat, double lunge, single leg Romanian deadlift and a push up. Movements were scored on three assessment criterions using a three-point scale. Additionally, participants performed five physical fitness tests commonly used for talent identification in AF. A Spearman's nonparametric correlation matrix was built, with correlation coefficients being visualised using a circularly rendered correlogram...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406108/specialty-preferences-and-motivating-factors-a-national-survey-on-medical-students-from-five-uae-medical-schools
#10
Mahera Abdulrahman, Maryam Makki, Sami Shaaban, Maryam Al Shamsi, Manda Venkatramana, Nabil Sulaiman, Manal M Sami, Dima K Abdelmannan, AbdulJabbar M A Salih, Laila AlShaer
BACKGROUND: Workforce planning is critical for being able to deliver appropriate health service and thus is relevant to medical education. It is, therefore, important to understand medical students' future specialty choices and the factors that influence them. This study was conducted to identify, explore, and analyze the factors influencing specialty preferences among medical students of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A multiyear, multicenter survey of medical student career choice was conducted with all five UAE medical schools...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401131/perceptions-and-experiences-of-a-gender-gap-at-a-canadian-research-institute-and-potential-strategies-to-mitigate-this-gap-a-sequential-mixed-methods-study
#11
Alekhya Mascarenhas, Julia E Moore, Andrea C Tricco, Jemila Hamid, Caitlin Daly, Julie Bain, Sabrina Jassemi, Tara Kiran, Nancy Baxter, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: The gender gap in academia is long-standing. Failure to ensure that our academic faculty reflect our student pool and national population deprives Canada of talent. We explored the gender distribution and perceptions of the gender gap at a Canadian university-affiliated, hospital-based research institute. METHODS: We completed a sequential mixed-methods study. In phase 1, we used the research institute's registry of scientists (1999-2014) and estimated overall prevalence of a gender gap and the gap with respect to job description (e...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399546/louis-a-goldstein-md-a-pioneer-in-spinal-deformity-surgery
#12
Daren McCalla, Paul T Rubery, Kenneth Foxx, Robert W Molinari, James O Sanders, Addisu Mesfin
: During the first half of the 20th century interest in spinal deformity grew due to common conditions of that era including polio and tuberculosis. This article will discuss Louis Arnold Goldstein, a visionary leader in spinal deformity surgery from Rochester, New York and one of the founders of the Scoliosis Research Society. Louis A. Goldstein was a talented surgeon, administrator and clinician scientist. He also started a spine surgery fellowship program that still bears his name and that continues to train complex spine surgeons...
April 10, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398974/future-needs-for-nursing-talent-in-scandinavian-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Randi K Jakobsen, Sine M Herholdt-Lomholdt
The aim of this review is to systematically identify, appraise and synthesize available text and opinion papers from policy-makers and trade unions in Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Sweden and Norway) containing information about nursing talent needed in healthcare systems for the future. The overall objective is to identify and synthesize the opinions of various stakeholders of what they believe is required in terms of nursing talent in Scandinavia.In this review, "nursing talent" refers to certain skills or competencies that are essential within nursing to meet the challenges and demands of future health care...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397917/charles-j-pedersen-s-legacy-to-chemistry
#14
Reed M Izatt
The serendipitous discovery in 1961 of dibenzo-18-crown-6 by Charles J. Pedersen marked the beginning of research on cyclic polyether macrocyclic compounds. These compounds have a remarkably selective affinity for certain metal ions and provide a framework for studying molecular recognition processes. Pedersen's work excited much interest in the scientific community and fueled important advances in macrocyclic and supramolecular chemistry. Born in Korea of a Japanese mother and a Norwegian engineer father, he was educated in Japan and later graduated from the University of Dayton (BS, chemical engineering) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MS, chemistry)...
April 11, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394831/progression-in-youth-soccer-selection-and-identification-in-youth-soccer-players-aged-13-15-years
#15
Iraia Bidaurrazaga-Letona, José Antonio Lekue, Markos Amado, Susana Maria Gil
The aim of this study was to identify the factors which are important for the identification and selection of young soccer players. Ninety four adolescent soccer players from the Under-13 (U13; age=12.3 ± 0.3 years; n=50) and Under-15 (U15; age=14.0 ± 0.2 years; n=44) categories belonging to a professional club participated in the study. Anthropometric measurements, physical tests (sprint, agility, endurance and jump) and maturity status (age at peak height velocity) were recorded over four seasons. Comparisons were performed amongst new players joining the club (Enter players, n=15), players progressing to the next age category (Club players, n=54) and players leaving the club (Deselected players, n=25)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392056/open-conversion-after-endovascular-abdominal-aneurysm-repair-an-8-year-single-centre-experience
#16
I Ben Abdallah, S El Batti, M Abou-Rjeili, J-N Fabiani, P Julia, J-M Alsac
OBJECTIVE: To report experience with open conversion (OC) after previous failed EVAR and to compare outcomes of patients undergoing elective OC with those operated on in an urgent setting. METHODS: Patients undergoing OC after EVAR between August 2008 and September 2016 were included in this retrospective and observational single institution study. Indications, demographic, anatomical, intra-operative and post-operative data were collected prospectively. Primary endpoints were 30 day and in hospital mortality...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384496/approximate-number-sense-correlates-with-math-performance-in-gifted-adolescents
#17
Jinjing Jenny Wang, Justin Halberda, Lisa Feigenson
Nonhuman animals, human infants, and human adults all share an Approximate Number System (ANS) that allows them to imprecisely represent number without counting. Among humans, people differ in the precision of their ANS representations, and these individual differences have been shown to correlate with symbolic mathematics performance in both children and adults. For example, children with specific math impairment (dyscalculia) have notably poor ANS precision. However, it remains unknown whether ANS precision contributes to individual differences only in populations of people with lower or average mathematical abilities, or whether this link also is present in people who excel in math...
April 3, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383742/exploring-shared-governance-for-an-academic-nursing-setting
#18
Carol Boswell, Laura Opton, Donna C Owen
BACKGROUND: A beneficial work environment influences staff and employee satisfaction and contributes to enhanced organizational execution. METHOD: This article communicates a literature review of the existing knowledge to describe the potential influence of job satisfaction, empowerment, and work engagement on a faculty and staff academic shared governance model and impact on the improvement of a healthy work environment. RESULTS: References from PubMed (from 1975 to 2014) and ERIC (from 2006 to 2016), along with manuscripts included in the reference lists of the selected articles, served as the basis of the review...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379953/aspergillus-hancockii-sp-nov-a-biosynthetically-talented-fungus-endemic-to-southeastern-australian-soils
#19
John I Pitt, Lene Lange, Alastair E Lacey, Daniel Vuong, David J Midgley, Paul Greenfield, Mark I Bradbury, Ernest Lacey, Peter K Busk, Bo Pilgaard, Yit-Heng Chooi, Andrew M Piggott
Aspergillus hancockii sp. nov., classified in Aspergillus subgenus Circumdati section Flavi, was originally isolated from soil in peanut fields near Kumbia, in the South Burnett region of southeast Queensland, Australia, and has since been found occasionally from other substrates and locations in southeast Australia. It is phylogenetically and phenotypically related most closely to A. leporis States and M. Chr., but differs in conidial colour, other minor features and particularly in metabolite profile. When cultivated on rice as an optimal substrate, A...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378681/fresh-intake-confirmed-for-nurse-leader-courses
#20
Stephanie Jones-Berry
New funding has been found to continue a programme that equips talented nurses for leadership roles.
April 5, 2017: Nursing Standard
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