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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648240/eventual-sport-performance-level-what-about-the-role-of-type-of-sport-perception-of-critical-life-events-and-practice-quality
#1
Tynke Toering
The target article describes an interesting study, which provides some challenging findings regarding athletes' pathway to excellence. The suggested links between critical life events, need for success, personal characteristics, and eventual performance level make sense from a psychodynamic perspective. This commentary will discuss some critical points related to the application of the findings in talent identification and -development programs. These are (1) the possible effect of the selection of participants on the results (including the impact of dependence on others for team sport athletes and the opportunity for multiple medal attainment), (2) a lack of detail in the description of how the athletes approached the critical life events (the perception of an event may contribute more to development than the event itself), and (3) a lack of detail in the description of the practice process throughout development...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648239/great-british-medalists-a-commentary-based-on-a-developmental-systems-theory-perspective
#2
Martin I Jones, Mark R Wilson
In their target article, Hardy and colleagues outline some psychosocial factors that were proposed to underpin the development of serial sporting champions. In this commentary, we suggest that the psychodynamic compensatory mechanisms model described by Hardy et al. is limited by its failure to consider the role of the broader developmental systems in which an individual exists (including funding structure, community, culture, and historical niche). We suggest that any workable talent development model needs to consider the bidirectional relationships between individuals and their contexts, and as such, should be guided by a more dynamic, developmental systems theory approach...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648235/much-ado-about%C3%A2-a-response-to-hardy-et-al
#3
Dave Collins, Áine MacNamara
Our response to the Great British Medallist (GBM) study focuses on three concerns. First, we discuss the extent to which the findings presented are actually novel and offer practitioners genuine guidance and information about how to structure talent development pathways. Second, we suggest that a lack of critical consideration of the findings against the considerable body of knowledge that already exists in this domain is a significant limitation. Finally, and most pertinently from a practitioner perspective, we highlight our concerns about the extent to which the findings presented may be prematurely adopted by practitioners without a genuinely appropriate evidence base...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648232/embedding-the-psychosocial-biographies-of-olympic-medalists-in-a-meta-theoretical-model-of-dynamic-networks
#4
Ruud J R Den Hartigh, Nico W Van Yperen, Paul L C Van Geert
Based on in-depth interviews, Hardy et al. focused on the role of psychosocial factors in the development of elite and super-elite athletes. They reveal interesting differences and commonalities in the frequencies at which certain aspects related to life events, personality, contextual factors, etc. were reported. Here, we argue that insights in the development of (super-)elite athletes will advance if we go beyond explanations in the frequency-domain, and search for process explanations in the time-domain...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644113/the-importance-and-development-of-ball-control-and-self-reported-self-regulatory-skills-in-basketball-players-for-different-positions
#5
Sanne Cornelia Maria Te Wierike, Barbara Catharina Helena Huijgen, Laura Jonker, Marije Titia Elferink-Gemser, Chris Visscher
This study first investigated the importance of ball control and (self-reported) self-regulatory skills in achieving the elite level in basketball. The second aim was to gain insight into the development of, and association between ball control and (self-reported) self-regulatory skills that contribute to achieving the elite level, with taking into account positional differences. Talented male players (N = 73; age 16.56 ± 1.96) completed the STARtest to measure ball control and a questionnaire to measure (self-reported) self-regulation from 2008-2012...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632201/advantageous-developmental-outcomes-of-advancing-paternal-age
#6
M Janecka, F Rijsdijk, D Rai, A Modabbernia, A Reichenberg
Advanced paternal age (APA) at conception has been associated with negative outcomes in offspring, raising concerns about increasing age at fatherhood. Evidence from evolutionary and psychological research, however, suggests possible link between APA and a phenotypic advantage. We defined such advantage as educational success, which is positively associated with future socioeconomic status. We hypothesised that high IQ, strong focus on the subject of interest and little concern about 'fitting in' will be associated with such success...
June 20, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630750/tips-and-tricks-for-using-the-internet-for-professional-purposes
#7
Hasan Huseyin Ceylan, Nurdan Güngören, Fatih Küçükdurmaz
Online resources provide access to large amounts of information which is expanding every day. Using search engines for reaching the relevant, updated and complete literature that is indexed in various bibliographical databases has already become part of the medical professionals' everyday life.However, most researchers often fail to conduct a efficient literature search on the internet. The right techniques in literature search save time and improve the quality of the retrieved data.Efficient literature search is not a talent but a learnable skill, which should be a formal part of medical education...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630572/the-role-of-a-relative-age-effect-in-the-7-th-international-children-s-winter-games-2016-and-the-influence-of-biological-maturity-status-on-selection
#8
Lisa Müller, Carolin Hildebrandt, Christian Raschner
The aim of this study was to analyse the role of a relative age effect (RAE) and to investigate the influence of biological maturity status on the RAE at the 7(th) International Children`s Winter Games. The birth dates of all 572 participants (365 males, 207 females) were analysed, and the biological maturity status of 384 athletes (243 males, 141 females) was assessed by the age at peak height velocity (APHV) method. A RAE was present in the total sample (χ(2) = 67.81; p < 0.001), and among both male (χ(2) = 49...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630504/academic-pharmacy-where-is-our-influence
#9
Stefanie P Ferreri, L Brian Cross, Scott D Hanes, Tara Jenkins, Douglas Meyer, Amy Pittenger
Objective. To evaluate the talents of fellows from cohorts 1-10 of the Academic Leadership Fellows Program (ALFP). Methods. This was a descriptive analysis of previously collected ALFP cohort data reflecting the talents using the Clifton StrengthsFinder assessment tool. Data consisted of 295 fellows from the first 10 years of the ALFP program. The Clifton StrengthsFinder talents were aggregated and analyzed to determine talents (strengths) distribution and domain. The aggregate of the four domains were compared among ALFP fellows using a chi-square analysis with an a priori alpha of ...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626435/reproducibility-in-psychological-science-when-do-psychological-phenomena-exist
#10
Seppo E Iso-Ahola
Scientific evidence has recently been used to assert that certain psychological phenomena do not exist. Such claims, however, cannot be made because (1) scientific method itself is seriously limited (i.e., it can never prove a negative); (2) non-existence of phenomena would require a complete absence of both logical (theoretical) and empirical support; even if empirical support is weak, logical and theoretical support can be strong; (3) statistical data are only one piece of evidence and cannot be used to reduce psychological phenomena to statistical phenomena; and (4) psychological phenomena vary across time, situations and persons...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608256/development-and-examination-of-a-functional-reactive-agility-test-for-older-adults
#11
Eric J Sobolewski, Brennan J Thompson, Eric C Conchola, Eric D Ryan
BACKGROUND: Reactive agility tests have become popular in sport for talent identification; however, the ability of these tests to evaluate physical function and falls risk in clinical populations warrants future study. AIM: To examine the reliability and construct validity of a novel functional reactive agility test (FRAT) across the lifespan. METHODS: Forty-three young (24 ± 2 years), 32 middle-aged (50 ± 2 years), and 19 old (66 ± 4 years) men performed a FRAT that included a rapid lateral movement (1...
June 12, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605273/improving-the-prediction-of-maturity-from-anthropometric-variables-using-a-maturity-ratio
#12
Job Fransen, Stephen Bush, Stephen Woodcock, Andrew Novak, Dieter Deprez, Adam D G Baxter-Jones, Roel Vaeyens, Matthieu Lenoir
PURPOSE: This study aimed to improve the prediction accuracy of Age at Peak Height Velocity (APHV) from anthropometric assessment using non-linear models and a maturity ratio rather than a maturity offset. METHODS: The dataset used to develop the original prediction equations was used to test a new prediction model, utilising the maturity ratio and a polynomial prediction equation. This model was then applied to a sample of male youth academy soccer players (n = 1330) to validate the new model in youth athletes...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605209/pacing-and-self-regulation-important-skills-for-talent-development-in-endurance-sports
#13
Marije T Elferink-Gemser, Florentina J Hettinga
Pacing has been characterized as a multi-faceted goal-directed process of decision-making in which athletes need to decide how and when to invest their energy during the race, a process essential for optimal performance. Both physiological as well as psychological characteristics associated with adequate pacing and performance are known to develop with age. Consequently, the multi-faceted skill of pacing might be under construction throughout adolescence as well. Therefore, we propose that the complex skill of pacing is a potential important performance characteristic for talented youth athletes, that needs to be developed throughout adolescence...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603507/making-champs-and-super-champs-current-views-contradictions-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
David J Collins, Aine Macnamara
In our 2016 paper (Collins et al., 2016a), we proposed that superchamps (athletes who have achieved the highest level in their sport) were differentiated from their less successful counterparts by their use of positive proactive coping and a "learn from it" approach to challenge. This skill-based focus to talent development (TD) is supported extensively in the literature (e.g., MacNamara et al., 2010a,b) and suggests that the differences between levels of adult achievement relate more to what performers bring to the challenges than what they experience (Collins et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603460/cultivating-the-multiple-sclerosis-workforce-of-the-future
#15
Gabriele C DeLuca, Guy Buckle, Irene Cortese, Jennifer S Graves, June Halper, Scott D Newsome, Nancy Sicotte, Corey C Ford
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex neurologic disorder that affects people with ever-changing needs. The MS health-care field has entered an era of exponential knowledge growth in which better understanding of the immunologic dysregulation of the disease has translated into an expanding array of treatment options. It is estimated that, if it has not already, within the next decade the demands of a growing MS patient population will outstrip the number of professionals dedicated to the management of this chronic, lifelong disease...
May 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603454/advancing-genomics-through-the-global-invertebrate-genomics-alliance-giga
#16
Christian R Voolstra, Gert Wörheide, Jose V Lopez
The Global Invertebrate Genomics Alliance (GIGA), a collaborative network of diverse scientists, marked its second anniversary with a workshop in Munich, Germany, where international attendees focused on discussing current progress, milestones and bioinformatics resources. The community determined the recruitment and training talented researchers as one of the most pressing future needs and identified opportunities for network funding. GIGA also promotes future research efforts to prioritize taxonomic diversity and create new synergies...
March 2017: Invertebrate Systematics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598457/rural-health-care-workers-and-local-residents-health-status-in-yulong-county-of-yunnan-province-china-and-hat-yai-city-of-songkhla-mansion-thailand
#17
Q U Fanwei, J Yanling, V Chongsuvivatwong, T Liabsuetrakul, L Yan, C Le, J Runsheng
INTRODUCTION: To compare health status between Hat Yai city of Songkhla Province in Thailand and Yulong county of Yunnan province in China about rural health care workers and local residents, analyzing of both differences, learning from the advanced experience and practice of Thailand, adjusting policy, especially for the implementation of measures to improve the lack of human resources construction of Yulong County rural health, promote the level of rural health service of Lijiang. METHODS: A qualitative study consisting of focus group discussions and individual in-depth interviews were conducted in Rural Health Care Workers and Local Residents Health Status in Yulong County of Yunnan Province China and Hat Yai City of Songkhla Mansion Thailand from...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582387/spanish-version-of-the-talent-development-environment-questionnaire-for-sport-cultural-adaptation-and-initial-validation
#18
Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Pedro R Olivares, Georgios Andronikos, Russell J J Martindale
This study aimed to translate the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire into Spanish and provide an initial validation. A recommended methodology for translation and cultural adaptation of questionnaires was applied. Once this had been completed, three hundred and thirty-two young athletes completed the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire. The results revealed that the five factor solution Talent Development Environment Questionnaire was confirmed. With the exclusion of one item due to low factor loading, the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire-5 had robust statistical support for its factor structure (χ2 (df = 305) = 499...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578541/anthropometric-and-physical-qualities-of-elite-male-youth-rugby-league-players
#19
REVIEW
Kevin Till, Sean Scantlebury, Ben Jones
Rugby league is a collision team sport played at junior and senior levels worldwide, whereby players require highly developed anthropometric and physical qualities (i.e. speed, change-of-direction speed, aerobic capacity, muscular strength and power). Within junior levels, professional clubs and national governing bodies implement talent identification and development programmes to support the development of youth (i.e. 13-20 years) rugby league players into professional athletes. This review presents and critically appraises the anthropometric and physical qualities of elite male youth rugby league players aged between 13 and 20 years, by age category, playing standard and playing position...
June 3, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573912/dissecting-and-customising-the-childhood-obesity-prevention-advisory-council-copac-the-development-and-application-of-a-community-engagement-framework-to-improve-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-populations
#20
A M N Renzaho
BACKGROUND: Migrant communities in Australia bear a disproportionate childhood obesity burden. They also show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives which may contribute to widening obesity disparities. Community engagement has been shown to be effective in reducing health disparities by improving migrant communities' participation in prevention programmes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a community engagement framework to improve childhood obesity prevention among migrants...
2017: Global Health Action
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