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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780963/the-cochlear-implant-and-possibilities-for-narrowing-the-remaining-gaps-between-prosthetic-and-normal-hearing
#1
Blake S Wilson
Background: The cochlear implant has become the standard of care for severe or worse losses in hearing and indeed has produced the first substantial restoration of a lost or absent human sense using a medical intervention. However, the devices are not perfect and many efforts to narrow the remaining gaps between prosthetic and normal hearing are underway. Objective: To assess the present status of cochlear implants and to describe possibilities for improving them...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774923/celebrating-the-work-of-young-thousand-talents-plan-researchers
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773769/weathering-us-cuba-political-storms-jos%C3%A3-rubiera-phd-cuba-s-chief-weather-forecaster
#3
Gail Reed
Full disclosure: chief weather forecaster is not his official title, but rather one affectionally conferred on Dr Rubiera by the Cuban people, who look to him not only in times of peril, but also to learn about the science of meteorology. Anyone who has taken a taxi in Cuba during hurricane season (June 1 to November 30), and bothered to ask the driver, will receive a clear explanation about how hurricanes are formed, what the Saffir-Simpson scale is all about, and how the season is shaping up-all courtesy of Dr Rubiera's talent for communication during nightly weather forecasts and special broadcasts...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771569/prestige-in-a-large-scale-social-group-predicts-longitudinal-changes-in-testosterone
#4
Joey T Cheng, Olga Kornienko, Douglas A Granger
In many social species, organisms adaptively fine-tune their competitive behavior in response to previous experiences of social status: Individuals who have prevailed in the past preferentially compete in the future, whereas those who have suffered defeat tend to defer and submit. A growing body of evidence suggests that testosterone functions as a "competition hormone" that coordinates this behavioral plasticity through its characteristic rise and fall following victory and defeat. Although well demonstrated in competitions underpinned by dominance (fear-based status derived from force and intimidation), this pattern has not been examined in status contests that depend solely on prestige-respect-based status derived from success, skills, and knowledge in locally valued domains, devoid of fear or antagonism...
June 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769450/heat-shock-protein-peptide-complex-96-vaccination-for-newly-diagnosed-glioblastoma-a-phase-i-single-arm-trial
#5
Nan Ji, Yang Zhang, Yunpeng Liu, Jian Xie, Yi Wang, Shuyu Hao, Zhixian Gao
BACKGROUND: Heat shock protein peptide complex-96 (HSPPC-96) triggers adaptive and innate antitumor immune responses. The safety and efficacy of HSPPC-96 vaccination was examined in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). METHODS: In this open-label, single-arm, phase I study, adult patients were vaccinated with HSPPC-96 in combination with the standard treatment for newly diagnosed GBM after surgical resection. Primary endpoints were frequency of adverse events and progression-free survival (PFS) at 6 months...
May 17, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764645/design-and-short-term-impact-of-an-event-to-promote-careers-in-clinical-pharmacy
#6
Sarah Ray, Andrew Ticcioni, Robert Mueller, Jessica Battaglia
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a role for local pharmacy organizations to promote clinical pharmacy and increase awareness to both potential and current pharmacy students. The Greater Milwaukee College of Clinical Pharmacy (GMCCP) chapter sought to promote clinical pharmacy amongst current and prospective pharmacy students to increase the knowledge, awareness, and interest in clinical pharmacy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Subcommittee members designed programming to introduce the basics of clinical pharmacy...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726757/-first-results-from-the-german-registry-for-child-and-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-%C3%A2-the-german-journal-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-psychotherapy-s-young-talent-award-for-katharina-b%C3%A3-hren-and-manuel-f%C3%A3-cker
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724984/a-study-on-the-korean-medicine-education-and-the-changes-in-the-traditional-korean-medicine-during-the-japanese-colonial-era-focused-on-the-korean-medicine-training-schools
#8
Yongyuan Huang
The modern education institutes play an important role in fostering professional talents, reproducing knowledge and studies, and forming the identities of certain academic fields and vocational communities. It is a matter of common knowledge that the absence of an official Korean medicine medical school during the Japanese colonial era was a severely disadvantageous factor in the aspects of academic progress, fostering follow-up personnel, and establishment of social capability. Therefore, the then Korean medicine circle put emphasis on inadequate official education institutes as the main factor behind oppression...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723200/longitudinal-motor-performance-development-in-early-adolescence-and-its-relationship-to-adult-success-an-8-year-prospective-study-of-highly-talented-soccer-players
#9
Daniel Leyhr, Augustin Kelava, Johannes Raabe, Oliver Höner
Several talent identification and development (TID) programs in soccer have implemented diagnostics to measure players' motor performance. Yet, there is a lack of research investigating the relationship between motor development in adolescence and future, adult performance. This longitudinal study analyzed the three-year development of highly talented young soccer players' speed abilities and technical skills and examined the relevance of this development to their adult success. The current research sample consisted of N = 1,134 players born between 1993 and 1995 who were selected for the German Soccer Association's TID program and participated in nationwide motor diagnostics (sprinting, agility, dribbling, ball control, shooting) four times between the Under 12 (U12) and Under 15 (U15) age class...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720575/prediction-of-acute-gvhd-and-relapse-by-metabolic-biomarkers-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#10
Xiaojin Wu, Yiyu Xie, Chang Wang, Yue Han, Xiebing Bao, Shoubao Ma, Ahmet Yilmaz, Bingyu Yang, Yuhan Ji, Jinge Xu, Hong Liu, Suning Chen, Jianying Zhang, Jianhua Yu, Depei Wu
BACKGROUND: There are very few studies investigating metabolic biomarkers to predict acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Metabolic models can provide a framework for analyzing the information-rich omics data sets in this setting. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty-six samples from one hundred and fourteen consecutive patients who underwent HSCT from January 2012 to May 2014 were collected for this study...
May 3, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706641/australians-views-on-personal-genomic-testing-focus-group-findings-from-the-genioz-study
#11
Sylvia A Metcalfe, Chriselle Hickerton, Jacqueline Savard, Bronwyn Terrill, Erin Turbitt, Clara Gaff, Kathleen Gray, Anna Middleton, Brenda Wilson, Ainsley J Newson
Personal genomic testing provides healthy individuals with access to information about their genetic makeup for purposes including ancestry, paternity, sporting ability and health. Such tests are available commercially and globally, with accessibility expected to continue to grow, including in Australia; yet little is known of the views/expectations of Australians. Focus groups were conducted within a multi-stage, cross-disciplinary project (Genioz) to explore this. In mid-2015, 56 members of the public participated in seven focus groups, allocated into three age groups: 18-24, 25-49, and ≥50 years...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695189/a-multidimensional-approach-to-talent-identification-and-selection-in-high-level-youth-australian-football-players
#12
Rhys Tribolet, Kyle J M Bennett, Mark L Watsford, Job Fransen
There is limited research in talent identification in youth Australian Football (AF), especially the factors that underpin selection into higher-level development programs. Therefore, this study explored age-related differences in high-level youth AF players and investigated characteristics influencing selection into a high-level development program. Anthropometry (stature, sitting height, body mass), maturity (estimated age at peak height velocity), motor competence (Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder), fitness (change of direction speed, lower body power and upper body muscular endurance) and coach skill ratings (kicking, marking and handballing) of 277 state academy players (U13-U15) were assessed...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692216/laser-fenestration-of-aortic-stent-grafts-followed-by-noncompliant-vs-cutting-balloon-dilation-a-scanning-electron-microscopy-study
#13
Jing Lin, Niraj Parikh, Naval Udgiri, Shaoxia Wang, Daniel F Miller, Chaojing Li, Jean Panneton, Mark Nutley, Ze Zhang, Yunfan Huang, Jun Lu, Jingyi Zhang, Lu Wang, Robert Guidoin
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of in situ laser fenestration and subsequent balloon dilation (noncompliant vs cutting) on the graft fabric of 4 aortic stent-graft models. METHOD: In an in vitro setup, the Zenith TX2, Talent, Endurant, and Anaconda aortic stent-grafts (all made of polyester graft material) were subjected to laser fenestration with a 2.3-mm-diameter probe at low and high energy in a physiologic saline solution followed by balloon dilation of the hole...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691585/-neurobiological-mechanisms-of-autistic-savant-and-acquired-savant
#14
Yu Zhang, Victor Z Han
The autism spectrum is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by profound social and verbal communication deficits, stereotypical motor behaviors, restricted interests, and cognitive abnormalities. It affects approximately 1% of children in most of the reported nations and regions. One of the most fascinating and mysterious features of autism, however, is the remarkable talent frequently found in people affected by it, namely autistic savant. A parallel and equally mysterious phenomenon is that some otherwise normal and ordinary individuals develop similarly remarkable talent after brain injuries, a disorder known as acquired savant...
April 25, 2018: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687690/anthropometric-characteristics-of-top-class-olympic-race-walkers
#15
Josu Gomez-Ezeiza, Nicholas Tam, Jon Torres-Unda, Cristina Granados, Jordan Santos-Concejero
BACKGROUND: Typical training programmes in elite race walkers involve high training volumes at low and moderate intensities, which have been reported to induce functional and structural adaptations at an anthropometric level. Since anthropometrical variables are closely related to movement efficiency and performance in endurance events, the aim of this study was to describe the anthropometric profile of world-class race walkers. METHODS: Twenty-nine world-class race walkers (21 men & 8 women) participated in this study...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686822/exciting-perspectives-for-translational-myology-in-the-abstracts-of-the-2018spring-paduamuscledays-giovanni-salviati-memorial-chapter-i-foreword
#16
Ugo Carraro
Myologists working in Padua (Italy) were able to continue a half-century tradition of studies of skeletal muscles, that started with a research on fever, specifically if and how skeletal muscle contribute to it by burning bacterial toxin. Beside main publications in high-impact-factor journals by Padua myologists, I hope to convince readers (and myself) of the relevance of the editing Basic and Applied Myology (BAM), retitled from 2010 European Journal of Translational Myology (EJTM), of the institution of the Interdepartmental Research Center of Myology of the University of Padova (CIR-Myo), and of a long series of International Conferences organized in Euganei Hills and Padova, that is, the PaduaMuscleDays...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683793/creating-a-professional-development-platform-to-transform-social-work-clinical-practice-in-health-care
#17
Nancy Xenakis
Since U.S. Congress' 2010 passing of the Affordable Care Act and the creation of numerous care coordination programs, Mount Sinai Hospital's Department of Social Work Services has experienced exponential growth. The Department is deeply committed to recruiting and developing the most talented social workers to best meet the needs of patients and family caregivers and to serve as integral, valued members of interdisciplinary care teams. Traditional learning methods are insufficient for a staff of hundreds, given the changes in health care and the complexity of the work...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672686/are-we-losing-future-talent-a-national-survey-of-uk-medical-student-interest-and-perceptions-of-cardiothoracic-surgery
#18
Ryan Preece, Eyal Ben-David, Shahmeen Rasul, Swetha Yatham
OBJECTIVES: Cardiothoracic surgery appears to have become a significantly less popular career option among UK medical graduates. This study aimed to elucidate the current levels of interest in pursuing a career in cardiothoracic surgery among surgically orientated UK medical students and to determine the factors underlying this decision. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey generated using the LimeSurvey was distributed to the surgical societies of all 32 UK medical schools...
April 16, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672644/the-relative-age-effect-is-larger-in-italian-soccer-top-level-youth-categories-and-smaller-in-serie-a
#19
Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Corrado Lupo, Alexandru Nicolae Ungureanu, Riccardo Frati, Alberto Rainoldi, Gennaro Boccia
The relative age effect (RAE; i.e., an asymmetry in the birth distribution) is a bias observed in sport competitions that may favour relatively older athletes in talent identification. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the presence of RAE in elite soccer players competing in the Italian championships, even considering the discriminations of younger and older Serie A players (in relation to the median age of the sample), and different positional roles (i.e., goalkeeper, defender, midfielder, forward) for each observed category...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671735/how-tattoos-can-complement-breast-reconstruction
#20
Lisa Franczak
Tattooing offers expanded possibilities for creative expression for women who have undergone mastectomies and breast reconstruction surgeries. Tattoo techniques for areola restoration, such as repigmentation, do not address breast asymmetry or heavy scarring, but breast tattoos can embolden a woman's sexuality, self-confidence, and sense of body reclamation, as well as strengthen her postsurgical capacity for relating to her breasts and expressing her identity. There are many factors involved when a tattoo artist is asked to design an image for a patient...
April 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
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