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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340071/variable-potassium-concentrations-which-is-right-and-which-is-wrong
#1
Talent Theparee, Robert C Benirschke, Hong-Kee Lee
Reverse pseudohyperkalemia is a term used to describe in vitro, falsely elevated potassium concentrations in plasma specimens that occur in association with extreme leukocytosis and are commonly associated with hematologic malignant neoplasms. Tumor lysis syndrome is an in vivo lysis of tumor cells that leads to elevated levels of potassium, uric acid, phosphate, and lactate dehydrogenase, as well as decreased calcium concentrations. Herein, we report a case of a 66-year-old Caucasian man with stage IV mantle-cell lymphoma who has elevated levels of potassium, uric acid, and phosphorus, as well as a white blood cell (WBC) count greater than 100,000 cells per mm3...
March 6, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326044/geographical-variations-in-the-interaction-of-relative-age-effects-in-youth-and-adult-elite-soccer
#2
Christina Steingröver, Nick Wattie, Joseph Baker, Werner F Helsen, Jörg Schorer
Selection biases based on the use of cut-off dates and the timing of athletes' birthdates have been termed relative age effects. These effects have been shown to differentially affect individuals involved in sport. For example, young male soccer players born early in their age group are overrepresented in elite teams while studies in adult soccer indicated potential carry-over effects from talent development systems. This two-study approach focuses on the processes within multi-year age groups in youth and adult elite soccer and on the role of players' age position within the age band with regard to players' birth year and birth month...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317848/polyphonic-sonification-of-electrocardiography-signals-for-diagnosis-of-cardiac-pathologies
#3
Jakob Nikolas Kather, Thomas Hermann, Yannick Bukschat, Tilmann Kramer, Lothar R Schad, Frank Gerrit Zöllner
Electrocardiography (ECG) data are multidimensional temporal data with ubiquitous applications in the clinic. Conventionally, these data are presented visually. It is presently unclear to what degree data sonification (auditory display), can enable the detection of clinically relevant cardiac pathologies in ECG data. In this study, we introduce a method for polyphonic sonification of ECG data, whereby different ECG channels are simultaneously represented by sound of different pitch. We retrospectively applied this method to 12 samples from a publicly available ECG database...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317515/howard-wilcox-haggard-and-the-institutionalization-of-modern-alcohol-studies
#4
Nicholas Allred, William Bejarano, Judit Ward
OBJECTIVE: This biographical sketch and accompanying bibliography provide a new look at Howard Wilcox Haggard, M.D., Ph.D., whose career highlights the consolidation of alcohol studies as a field in twentieth-century America. METHOD: The article relies in large part on the works of Haggard assembled for the bibliography project, supplemented by published and unpublished documents and records from collections at Rutgers University. RESULTS: Haggard began his career in respiratory physiology, influenced by his work on chemical weapons for the Army during the First World War...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301467/life-is-three-dimensional-and-it-begins-with-molecules
#5
Philip E Bourne
The iconic image of the DNA double helix embodies the central role that three-dimensional structures play in understanding biological processes, which, in turn, impact health and well-being. Here, that role is explored through the eyes of one scientist, who has been lucky enough to have over 150 talented people pass through his laboratory. Each contributed to that understanding. What follows is a small fraction of their story, with an emphasis on basic research outcomes of importance to society at large.
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290725/staying-out-of-range-increasing-attacking-distance-in-fencing
#6
Anthony N Turner, Geoff Marshall, Angelo Noto, Shyam Chavda, Nathan Atlay, David Kirby
To avoid being hit, fencers typically adopt an out of range position, which was hypothesized to be governed by body- and action-scaled affordances. This theory was measured in elite and national level junior (u20) fencers. Associations between "reachability" of lunging and step-lunging attacks, was assessed against height, arm-span, leg-span, body mass and lower-body power, and then compared across level. Reachability was determined as the distance covered by fencers during these attacks and was reported as actual and estimated distances...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287837/scientific-training-in-the-era-of-big-data-a-new-pedagogy-for-graduate-education
#7
Jay Aikat, Thomas M Carsey, Karamarie Fecho, Kevin Jeffay, Ashok Krishnamurthy, Peter J Mucha, Arcot Rajasekar, Stanley C Ahalt
The era of "big data" has radically altered the way scientific research is conducted and new knowledge is discovered. Indeed, the scientific method is rapidly being complemented and even replaced in some fields by data-driven approaches to knowledge discovery. This paradigm shift is sometimes referred to as the "fourth paradigm" of data-intensive and data-enabled scientific discovery. Interdisciplinary research with a hard emphasis on translational outcomes is becoming the norm in all large-scale scientific endeavors...
March 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280479/parasocial-interactions-and-relationships-in-early-adolescence
#8
Tracy R Gleason, Sally A Theran, Emily M Newberg
Parasocial interactions and relationships, one-sided connections imagined with celebrities and media figures, are common in adolescence and might play a role in adolescent identity formation and autonomy development. We asked 151 early adolescents (Mage = 14.8 years) to identify a famous individual of whom they are fond; we examined the type of celebrities chosen and why they admired them, and the relationships imagined with these figures across the entire sample and by gender. Adolescents emphasized highly salient media figures, such as actors, for parasocial attention...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275952/the-anticonvulsant-screening-program-of-the-national-institute-of-neurological-disorders-and-stroke-nih-history-and-contributions-to-clinical-care-in-the-twentieth-century-and-beyond
#9
Roger J Porter, Harvey J Kupferberg
The anticonvulsant screening program (ASP) of the national institute of neurological disorders and stroke (NINDS), National Institutes of Health has made substantial contributions to the drug armamentarium of the clinical neurologist. This program, originally a part of the overall Drug Development Program of the Epilepsy Branch, has been fortunate to have talented leadership, both at NINDS in Maryland and at the major contract site, the University of Utah-over a remarkable period of more than 40 years. Future discoveries by the ASP (now renamed the Epilepsy Therapy Screening) can be expected to make additional contributions to improving the health of persons with epilepsy...
March 9, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275809/-treatments-of-second-mesiobuccal-canals-in-maxillary-permanent-molar-a-report-of-2-cases
#10
Yan-Pei Wei, Hong-Xia Fan, Liang Chen, Xue Zhang, Jing-Tao Yu
With the increasing maturation of 3D printing technology, as well as its application in various industries, investigation of 3D printing technology into clinic medical education becomes an important task of the current medical education. The teaching content of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology is complicated and diverse, making lower understanding/memorizing efficiency and insufficient skill training. To overcome the disadvantage of traditional teaching method, it is necessary to introduce 3D printing technique into teaching of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology, in order to improve the teaching quality and problem solving capabilities, and finally promote cultivation of skilled and innovative talents...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275808/-applications-of-3d-printing-technology-in-teaching-of-oromaxillofacial-head-and-neck-surgical-oncology
#11
Min Ruan, Tong Ji, Chen-Ping Zhang
With the increasing maturation of 3D printing technology, as well as its application in various industries, investigation of 3D printing technology into clinic medical education becomes an important task of the current medical education. The teaching content of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology is complicated and diverse, making lower understanding/memorizing efficiency and insufficient skill training. To overcome the disadvantage of traditional teaching method, it is necessary to introduce 3D printing technique into teaching of oromaxillofacial head and neck surgical oncology, in order to improve the teaching quality and problem solving capabilities, and finally promote cultivation of skilled and innovative talents...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267734/international-mentoring-as-a-new-educational-approach-to-alleviate-brain-drain-empower-young-talent-and-internationalize-higher-education
#12
María Soriano-Carot, Rosa Bretón-Romero, Joaquín López-Herraiz, Rocío López-Diego, Abel Suárez-Fueyo, Gemma Pellissa Prades, Rosario Fernandez-Godino, Daniel Navarro-Gomez, Amaranta Saguar, David Nieto, Laura Sánchez-García, Borja Peropadre, Zafira Castano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261950/effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-disease-severity-in-patients-with-psoriasis-a-systematic-review
#13
Sikarin Upala, Wai Chung Yong, Talent Theparee, Anawin Sanguankeo
AIM: Many randomized controlled trials have been performed on the efficacy and mechanism of action of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) on psoriasis. However, contradictory results have been obtained. This study wants to assess the effects of n-3 PUFAs on the severity of psoriasis. METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed/MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for all randomized controlled trials and prospective observational studies comparing the efficacy of n-3 PUFAs versus control in adult patients with psoriasis...
March 5, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253043/development-of-1500m-pacing-behavior-in-junior-speed-skaters-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Rikstje Wiersma, Inge K Stoter, Chris Visscher, Florentina J Hettinga, Marije T Elferink-Gemser
PURPOSE: Providing insight in the development of pacing behavior in junior speed skaters and analyse possible differences between elite, sub-elite, and non-elite juniors. METHODS: 1500m season best times (SBT) and corresponding pacing behavior were obtained longitudinally for 104 Dutch male speed skaters at age 13-14(U15), 15-16(U17), and 17-18(U19) years. Based on their U19 SBT, skaters were divided into elite(n=17), sub-elite(n=64), and non-elite(n=23) groups...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249892/the-world-class-talent-signing-for-team-nhs
#15
Tom Moberly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242364/the-role-of-strengths-in-anger-and-conduct-problems-in-maltreated-adolescents
#16
Monica Go, Chi Meng Chu, Joanna Barlas, Grace S Chng
Despite multi-type maltreatment, some individuals demonstrate positive adaptation and continue to develop in a healthy way. A multitude of strength factors have been linked to adaptive functioning and resilience, but this has not been adequately examined in maltreated adolescent's psychosocial functioning. This study sought to examine the role of strengths such as having talents/interests, family relationships, educational support, the role of the recognition and application of these strengths, and the role of multi-type maltreatment on anger control and conduct problems...
February 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240083/2017-rcni-nurse-award-finalists-announced
#17
(no author information available yet)
RCNi is proud to unveil the finalists for the leadership category of the RCNi Nurse Awards 2017, which showcase innovation, talent and skill across the nursing profession.
February 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238058/training-or-non-surgical-factors-what-determines-a-good-surgical-performance-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Cornelia Lindlohr, R Lefering, S Saad, M M Heiss, C Pape-Köhler
BACKGROUND: Acquiring laparoscopic skills is a necessity for every young surgeon. Whether it is a talent or a non-surgical skill that determines the surgical performance of an endoscopic operation has been discussed for years. In other disciplines aptitude testing has become the norm. Airlines, for example, have implemented assessments to test the natural aptitude of future pilots to predict their performance later on. In the medical field, especially surgery, there are no similar comparable tests implemented or even available...
February 25, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235352/in-reply-to-medical-student-recruitment-into-neurosurgery-maximizing-the-pool-of-talent
#19
Scott L Zuckerman, Akshitkumar Mistry, Michael C Dewan, Peter J Morone, Allen K Sills, John C Wellons, Reid C Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222582/anthropometric-and-performance-measures-to-study-talent-detection-in-youth-volleyball
#20
Giovanni Melchiorri, Valerio Viero, Tamara Triossi, Giuseppe Annino, Elvira Padua, Virginia Tancredi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to study anthropometric and performance measurements in 60 young male volleyball players (YV) and 60 youth not active in the sport (YNA) to assess which of these would be more useful to study the characteristics of potential performers. METHODS: Eight measures to assess anthropometric characteristics, six performance measures and two tests for joint mobility were used. Also relative age and level of maturation were assessed. RESULTS: The anthropometric variables, relative age and level of maturation measured did not show statistically significant differences between groups...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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