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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342262/preliminary-study-of-1940-nm-thulium-laser-usage-in-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-achalasia
#1
J Liu, Y Jiao, Y Niu, L Yu, M Ji, S Zhang
Esophageal achalasia is a type of motility disorder characterized by incomplete relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and absence of esophageal peristalsis. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a new treatment option for achalasia that is less invasive, more effective, and safe as compared to surgery. High-frequency electrotome is commonly used in POEM, but takes longer time to make the tunnel in the esophagus and causes many complications. The thulium laser decreases the risk of bleeding and perforation in endoscopy but has not been reported in digestive diseases, especially in POEM...
January 9, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339139/improved-coronary-magnetic-resonance-angiography-using-gadobenate-dimeglumine-in-pediatric-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Miguel Silva Vieira, Markus Henningsson, Nathalie Dedieu, Vassilios S Vassiliou, Aaron Bell, Sujeev Mathur, Kuberan Pushparajah, Carlos Alberto Figueroa, Tarique Hussain, René Botnar, Gerald F Greil
BACKGROUND: CMRA in pediatrics remains challenging due to the smaller vessel size, high heart rates (HR), potential image degradation caused by limited patient cooperation and long acquisition times. High-relaxivity contrast agents have been shown to improve coronary imaging in adults, but limited data is available in children. We sought to investigate whether gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) together with self-navigated inversion-prepared coronary magnetic resonance angiography (CMRA) sequence design improves coronary image quality in pediatric patients...
January 12, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335811/surgical-stress-response-and-promotion-of-metastasis-in-colorectal-cancer-a-complex-and-heterogeneous-process
#3
Corina Behrenbruch, Carolyn Shembrey, Sophie Paquet-Fifield, Christina Mølck, Hyun-Jung Cho, Michael Michael, Benjamin N J Thomson, Alexander G Heriot, Frédéric Hollande
Surgery remains the curative treatment modality for colorectal cancer in all stages, including stage IV with resectable liver metastasis. There is emerging evidence that the stress response caused by surgery as well as other perioperative therapies such as anesthesia and analgesia may promote growth of pre-existing micro-metastasis or potentially initiate tumor dissemination. Therapeutically targeting the perioperative period may therefore reduce the effect that surgical treatments have in promoting metastases, for example by combining β-adrenergic receptor antagonists and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors in the perioperative setting...
January 15, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326812/endovascular-laser-treatment-of-incompetent-saphenous-veins-using-the-1470%C3%A2-nm-diode-laser-and-radial-fiber
#4
Georgios Vourliotakis, Georgios Sahsamanis, Paschalis Evagelidis, Christina Aivatidi
Objectives: To assess the technical success, complications, and patients' quality of life (QoL) after treatment of chronic venous disease (CVD) using the 1470 nm radial fiber laser. Methods: A total of 170 patients with chronic venous disease, classified as C2 to C4 according to CEAP classification, were treated for incompetent greater (GSV) and small (SSV) saphenous veins, using the 1470 nm radial fiber laser and application of tumescent anesthesia. Additional phlebectomies were performed through stab microincisions, while 11 patients further underwent sclerotherapy intraoperatively...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325840/early-comparative-outcomes-of-unicompartmental-and-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-severely-obese-patients
#5
Zachary C Lum, David A Crawford, Adolph V Lombardi, Jason M Hurst, Michael J Morris, Joanne B Adams, Keith R Berend
BACKGROUND: Medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) may have advantages over total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the setting of obesity. There has been no direct comparison between the two cohorts. This study compares outcomes and complications of severely obese patients undergoing medial UKA versus TKA. METHODS: Six hundred and fifty medial UKA and 1300 TKA were performed in patients with BMI >35kg/m2 (mean 41kg/m2) between 2007 and 2012. Pre- and postoperative ROM, Knee Society scores, perioperative factors, complications and reoperations were compared...
January 8, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325381/-longterm-surgery-outcome-of-m%C3%A3-bius-syndrome
#6
J Cen, X L Kang, J Yu, L Y Dong, Y Wei, K X Zhao
Objective: To investigate clinical features and the long-term surgery results of Möbius syndrome patients. Methods: This investigation presents a retrospective study of Möbius syndrome in 7 children we found since 2009. All 7 patients had MRI scan, ocular alignment in primary position, the limitation of versions and ductions and forced duction under general anesthesia. Early surgery is done to the 7 esotropia children. The pre-operative and post-operative outcomes, including the ocular alignment, deviation measurements and ocular rotations, were evaluated and compared...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315137/reducing-ischemic-injury-from-indwelling-peripheral-arterial-catheters-in-a-pediatric-cardiac-icu-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#7
Adam C Adler, Stephanie Helman, Cynthia Field, Judith J Stellar, Lauren A Brown, Nicole Omensetter, Andrew T Costarino, Mahsun Yuerek, Karen S Bender
OBJECTIVES: To reduce the number of ischemic arterial catheter injuries in children with congenital or acquired heart disease. DESIGN: This is a quality improvement study with pre- and postintervention groups. SETTING: University-affiliated pediatric cardiac center in a quaternary care freestanding children's hospital. PATIENTS: All patients with an indwelling peripheral arterial catheter placed in the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Cardiac Center associated with an admission to the Cardiac Intensive Cardiac Unit from January 2015 to July 2017 are included...
January 8, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305266/pre-emptive-awake-airway-management-under-dexmedetomidine-sedation-in-a-parturient-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-2
#8
C A Godlewski, P F Castellanos
Historically, pregnancy in females with spinal muscular atrophy was contraindicated due to the great risk to the parturient, but with improved management and increased survival more patients are becoming pregnant. We describe the management of a pregnant patient with spinal muscular atrophy type-2, who had severe restrictive lung disease, extensive spinal fusion that precluded neuraxial anesthesia, and chronic respiratory failure on nocturnal Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure. Airway management was further complicated by limited mouth opening and cervical spine ankylosis...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305235/validation-of-isometric-tetanic-force-as-a-measure-of-muscle-recovery-after-nerve-injury-in-the-rabbit-biceps
#9
Kathleen M Kollitz, Guilherme Giusti, Patricia F Friedrich, Allen T Bishop, Alexander Y Shin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe and validate a technique for measurement of isometric tetanic force (ITF) in the rabbit biceps muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen New Zealand White rabbits were randomized to test either the right side or the left side first. Under propofol anesthesia, the brachial plexus and biceps brachii were exposed. The middle trunk (C6, C7) was secured in a bipolar electrode. Compound muscle action potential (CMAP) was measured...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303238/perioperative-management-of-a-parturient-with-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-for-elective-c-section
#10
Badie S Mansour, Gretchen Wienecke, Neeti Sadana, Pooya Pouralifazel, Alberto de Armendi
A 33 year-old female at 38 weeks gestation with a history of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) Type 1 of the upper extremities, diagnosed 13 years prior to this admission, was scheduled for an elective cesarean section (C-Section). She refused neuraxial anesthesia and requested general anesthesia. This abstract discusses the general anesthesia steps taken to pre-empt recurrence of CRPS symptoms.
April 2017: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302896/comparison-of-the-accuracy-of-noninvasive-hemoglobin-monitoring-for-preoperative-evaluation-between-adult-and-pediatric-patients-a-retrospective-study
#11
Yong-Hee Park, Seho Lim, Hyun Kang, Hwa-Yong Shin, Chong Wha Baek, Young Cheol Woo
We measured noninvasive hemoglobin (SpHb) levels during the pre-anesthesia visit in patients planning elective surgery. Differences between SpHb and laboratory-measured hemoglobin (Hblab) were compared between adult and pediatric patients. In the pre-anesthesia visiting office, we routinely monitor noninvasive Hb levels with oxygen saturation and heart rate using Masimo Radical-7® Pulse CO-Oximetry (Masimo Corp., Irvine, CA, USA). We attached the R1 20 (body weight, 10-50 kg) or R1 25 (body weight > 30 kg) probe on the index finger...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290334/efficacy-of-manipulation-under-anesthesia-for-stiffness-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Alex Gu, Adam J Michalak, Jordan S Cohen, Neil D Almeida, Alexander S McLawhorn, Peter K Sculco
BACKGROUND: Knee stiffness following primary total knee arthroplasty can lead to unsatisfactory patient outcomes secondary to persistent pain and loss of function. Manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) remains a viable option for treatment of post-operative stiffness. However, the optimal timing and clinical efficacy of manipulation of anesthesia remains unknown. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify studies that reported clinical outcomes for patients who underwent MUA for post-operative stiffness treatment...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275265/anesthetic-and-pharmacologic-considerations-in-perioperative-care-of-obese-children
#13
REVIEW
Vidya Chidambaran, Anurag Tewari, Mohamed Mahmoud
PURPOSE: Anesthetic management of obese pediatric patients is challenging. With increasing prevalence of childhood obesity, more severely obese children with comorbidities present for surgery every day. The purpose of this review is to provide an up-to-date comprehensive narrative review on the impact of pathophysiological changes imposed by pediatric obesity on the perioperative management of obese children, especially drug dosing. This knowledge is necessary to provide safe delivery of anesthesia for severely obese children...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274837/dedicated-operating-room-teams-and-clinical-outcomes-in-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-pathway-for-colorectal-surgery
#14
Michael C Grant, Andrew Hanna, Andrew Benson, Deborah Hobson, Christopher L Wu, Christina T Yuan, Michael Rosen, Elizabeth C Wick
INTRODUCTION: To determine if the establishment of a dedicated operating room team leads to improved process measure compliance and clinical outcomes in an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS). ERAS programs involve the application of bundled best-practices to improve value of the perioperative care. Successful implementation and sustainment of ERAS programs has been linked to compliance with protocol elements. METHODS: Development of dedicated teams of anesthesia providers was a component of the ERAS implementation...
December 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260535/-application-of-echocardiography-to-support-transapical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-with-aortic-regurgitation
#15
Ming-Dan Deng, Xin Wei, Hong Tang, Yu-Yan Cai, Gu-Yue Liu, Da Zhu, Ying-Qiang Guo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of echocardiography in pre-procedural,peri-procedural and post-procedural stages of transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with aortic regurgitation (AR). METHODS: 31 patients with pure/dominant AR at a high risk on surgery were enrolled in this study. The degree of their aortic regurgitation was evaluated before TAVI,as well as the related diameters of aortic root and the left ventricular systolic function measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)...
November 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260449/low-minute-ventilation-episodes-during-anesthesia-recovery-following-intraperitoneal-surgery-as-detected-by-a-non-invasive-respiratory-volume-monitor
#16
Alexandre N Cavalcante, Yvette N Martin, Juraj Sprung, Jasmin Imsirovic, Toby N Weingarten
An electrical impedance-based noninvasive respiratory volume monitor (RVM) accurately reports minute volume, tidal volume and respiratory rate. Here we used the RVM to quantify the occurrence of and evaluate the ability of clinical factors to predict respiratory depression in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). RVM generated respiratory data were collected from spontaneously breathing patients following intraperitoneal surgeries under general anesthesia admitted to the PACU. Respiratory depression was defined as low minute ventilation episode (LMVe, < 40% predicted minute ventilation for at least 2 min)...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258430/long-duration-general-anesthesia-influences-the-intelligence-of-school-age-children
#17
Qingqing Zhang, Yuanzhi Peng, Yingwei Wang
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia has been linked to impaired brain development in immature animals and young children. In this study the influence of orthopedic surgery under general anesthesia on the intelligence of school age children has been evaluated. METHODS: A total of 209 subjects aged 6-12 years were recruited and allocated into 4 groups according to the duration of general anesthesia, including a control group (n = 30), short (< 1 h, n = 49), moderate- (1-3 h, n = 51) and long-duration groups (> 3 h, n = 79), respectively...
December 19, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235211/pre-transplant-serum-procalcitonin-level-for-prediction-of-early-post-transplant-sepsis-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#18
Takanobu Hara, Akihiko Soyama, Masaaki Hidaka, Koji Natsuda, Tomohiko Adachi, Shinichiro Ono, Satomi Okada, Takashi Hamada, Mitsuhisa Takatsuki, Susumu Eguchi
AIM: Infections are frequent causes of in-hospital mortality after liver transplantation (LT). Elimination of possible risks in the pre-transplant period, early diagnosis of post-transplant sepsis, and prompt administration of antimicrobial agents are important. The objectives of this study were to analyze the impact of early post-transplant sepsis on outcomes and to clarify the value of predictive factors for early post-transplant sepsis. METHODS: The study included 136 patients who underwent initial living donor LT (LDLT) at our institute from April 2009 to December 2016...
December 13, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232194/persistent-ventricular-bigeminy-during-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-a-case-report-of-an-11-year-old-child
#19
Sheetal Dalal, Vikas Chaudhari
An 11-year-old male child with fractures in both bones in his left forearm presented for open reduction and internal fixation. The pre-anesthetic check-up and investigations did not reveal any pre-existing underlying cardio-respiratory disease. The patient had an uneventful peri-operative period during the operation and was comfortable without any anxiety or restlessness. After an uneventful induction and intubation as per routine protocol, the patient received 600 mg of amoxicillin+clavunate intravenously as an antibiotic...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226348/sevo%C3%AF-urane-induces-liver-injury-by-modulating-the-expression-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-via-mir-214
#20
Ligang Ma, Jingjing Zhao, Xiaojuan Xie
This study aimed to detect the effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on liver injury through modulating IGF-1. The expression of IGF-1 and IGF-1R in liver tissues of sevoflurane-exposed rats was examined by qRT-PCR and western blot. The expression levels of miR-214 in liver cells treated with different concentration of sevoflurane at different time points were detected by qRT-PCR. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) assay was used to analyze serum IGF-1 concentration in cell culture media. After pre-treatment with 100 nM miR-214 inhibitor followed by exposure to sevoflurane, the expression level of miR-214 and IGF-1 protein in liver cells was examined...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
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