keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thoracolumbar fractures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938147/development-of-an-experimental-model-of-burst-fracture-with-damage-characterization-of-the-vertebral-bodies-under-dynamic-conditions
#1
A Germaneau, T Vendeuvre, M Saget, P Doumalin, J C Dupré, F Brémand, F Hesser, C Brèque, P Maxy, M Roulaud, O Monlezun, P Rigoard
BACKGROUND: Burst fractures represent a significant proportion of fractures of the thoracolumbar junction. The recent advent of minimally invasive techniques has revolutionized the surgical treatment of this type of fracture. However mechanical behaviour and primary stability offered by these solutions have to be proved from experimental validation tests on cadaveric specimens. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop an original and reproducible model of burst fracture under dynamic impact...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937462/instability-in-thoracolumbar-trauma-is-a-new-definition-warranted
#2
Salman Abbasi Fard, Jesse Skoch, Mauricio J Avila, Apar S Patel, Kamran V Sattarov, Christina M Walter, Ali A Baaj
STUDY DESIGN: Review of the articles. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review all articles related to spinal instability to determine a consensus statement for a contemporary, practical definition applicable to thoracolumbar injuries. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Traumatic fractures of the thoracolumbar spine are common. These injuries can result in neurological deficits, disability, deformity, pain, and represent a great economic burden to society...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937458/transpedicular-corpectomy-and-cage-placement-in-the-treatment-of-traumatic-lumbar-burst-fractures
#3
Martin H Pham, Alexander Tuchman, Thomas C Chen, Frank L Acosta, Patrick C Hsieh, John C Liu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To review the feasibility of a posterior-only approach for instrumented reconstruction in lumbar burst fractures. BACKGROUND: Burst fractures of the lumbar spine have been treated through a variety of techniques, including anterior, posterior, or combined approaches. Here we review series of patients undergoing posterior-only transpedicular corpectomy with instrumented fusion for traumatic lumbar burst fracture...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930904/spontaneous-reduction-of-fractured-thoracolumbar-spine-with-complete-dislocation-case-report-with-literature-review
#4
Chen Zhao, Bing Zhang, Jiandang Shi, Yaping Li, Long Pang
Fractures and dislocations with complete lateral displacement of the spine at the lumbar and thoracic levels are some of the most severe types of thoracolumbar trauma. They are usually caused by high-energy trauma and accompanied by extreme, life-threatening injuries and neurological deficits that vary in severity, which may delay operative intervention. It is often difficult to reduce such a complex fracture-dislocation because of the force that the muscles exert on the bone and the injured part of the spinal cord...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930858/a-retrospective-study-comparing-percutaneous-and-open-pedicle-screw-fixation-for-thoracolumbar-fractures-with-spinal-injuries
#5
Bowen Wang, Yong Fan, Jingjing Dong, Hu Wang, Faqi Wang, Zhichen Liu, Haoyuan Liu, Yafei Feng, Fengrong Chen, Zheyuan Huang, Ruisong Chen, Wei Lei, Zixiang Wu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness between percutaneous and open pedicle screw fixation for treating thoracolumbar fractures with spinal injuries. METHODS: A total of 105 patients with thoracolumbar fractures and spinal injuries were divided into a percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) group with 56 patients, who underwent percutaneous pedicle screw fixation, and an open pedicle screw fixation (OPSF) group with 49 patients, who underwent open pedicle screw fixation in accordance with the treatment project...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913694/emergency-neurological-life-support-traumatic-spine-injury
#6
Deborah M Stein, William A Knight
Traumatic spine injuries (TSIs) carry significantly high risks of morbidity, mortality, and exorbitant health care costs from associated medical needs following injury. For these reasons, TSI was chosen as an ENLS protocol. This article offers a comprehensive review on the management of spinal column injuries using the best available evidence. Though the review focuses primarily on cervical spinal column injuries, thoracolumbar injuries are briefly discussed as well. The initial emergency department (ED) clinical evaluation of possible spinal fractures and cord injuries, along with the definitive early management of confirmed injuries, are also covered...
September 14, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893205/is-additional-balloon-kyphoplasty-safe-and-effective-for-acute-thoracolumbar-burst-fracture
#7
Ping-Jui Tsai, Ming-Kai Hsieh, Kuo-Feng Fan, Lih-Huei Chen, Chia-Wei Yu, Po-Liang Lai, Chi-Chien Niu, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Wen-Jer Chen
BACKGROUND: Burst fracture is a common thoracolumbar injury that is treated using posterior pedicle instrumentation and fusion combined with transpedicular intracorporeal grafting after reduction. In this study, we compared the outcome of these two techniques by using radiologic imaging and functional outcome. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with acute thoracolumbar burst fracture were operated with kyphoplasty (n = 31) or vertebroplasty (n = 30) and retrospectively reviewed in our institution between 2011 and 2014...
September 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885126/utility-and-costs-of-radiologist-interpretation-of-perioperative-imaging-in-patients-with-traumatic-single-level-thoracolumbar-fractures
#8
Michael H Weber, Lojan Sivakumaran, Maryse Fortin, Alisson R Teles, Jeff D Golan, Carlo Santaguida, Peter Jarzem, Thierry Pauyo
OBJECTIVE The cost of spine management is rising. As diagnostic imaging accounts for approximately 10% of total patient care spending, there is interest in determining if economies could be made with regard to the routine consultation of radiology for image interpretation. In the context of spine trauma, both the spine surgeon and the radiologist interpret perioperative imaging. Authors of the present study investigated the impact of radiologist interpretation of perioperative imaging from patients with traumatic single-level thoracolumbar fractures given that spine surgeons are expected to be comfortable interpreting pathologies of the musculoskeletal system...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884108/characteristics-and-clinical-aspects-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-undergoing-surgery
#9
João Simão de Melo-Neto, Lara Eduarda Leite Vidotto, Fabiana de Campos Gomes, Dionei Freitas de Morais, Waldir Antonio Tognola
OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) undergoing surgery. METHODS: Previously, 321 patients with SCI were selected. Clinical and socio-demographic variables were collected. RESULTS: A total of 211 patients were submitted to surgery. Fall and injuries in the upper cervical and lumbosacral regions were associated with conservative treatment. Patients with lesions in the lower cervical spine, worse neurological status, and unstable injuries were associated with surgery...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881529/-results-for-the-treatment-of-fresh-type-thoracolumbar-vertebral-fracture-according-to-the-intraoperative-ct-scan
#10
Y W Li, H J Wang, Y S Wang, W Cui
Objective: To evaluate the value of intraoperative CT scanning in the treatment of fresh thoracolumbar burst fractures. Methods: From January 2008 to January 2015 , 161 patients with thoracolumbar fractures in Department of Orthopedics, Luohe City Central Hospital, were divided into two groups: 79 cases were treatment group which were treated with intraoperative CT scan and decompression mode was determined according to CT scan results during the period from October 2012 to January 2015. 82 patients as the observation group were treated without intraoperative CT scan and direct laminectomy were performed during the period...
September 5, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881335/the-great-mimicker-at-thoracolumbar-spine-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#11
Turgut Akgül, Yücel Bilgin, Gökhan Karademir
PURPOSE: To report two cases with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) in thoracolumbar spine with very different presentation. METHODS: Case 1; An 84-year-old female patient was admitted to our emergency clinic with paraparesis in both lower extremities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an epidural mass at the level of the T12 vertebrae. She was operated immediately with wide laminectomy and posterior instrumentation because of the paraparesis of both lower extremities...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868203/titanium-versus-polyetheretherketone-implants-for-vertebral-body-replacement-in-the-treatment-of-77-thoracolumbar-spinal-fractures
#12
Rafael Augusto Castro Santiago Brandão, Warley Carvalho da Silva Martins, Aluízio Augusto Arantes, Sebastião Nataniel Silva Gusmão, Gilles Perrin, Cédric Barrey
BACKGROUND: Titanium and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) implants have been used in spinal surgery with low rejection rates. Compared to titanium, PEEK has many advantages, including a density more similar to that of bone, radiolucency, and a lack of artifacts in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of PEEK cages as an alternative to titanium for bone fusion after fractures of the thoracolumbar spine. We also propose a classification to the impaction index...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858187/commentary-of-acute-and-hyper-acture-thoracolumbar-corpectomy-for-traumatic-burst-fractures-using-a-min9-open-lateral-approach
#13
Kirkham B Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858098/stepwise-resection-of-the-posterior-ligamentous-complex-for-stability-of-a-thoracolumbar-compression-fracture-an-in-vitro-biomechanical-investigation
#14
Yao Li, Zhonghai Shen, Mingyu Huang, Xiangyang Wang
To quantify the mechanical contribution of posterior ligamentous structures to the stability of thoracolumbar compression fractures.Twelve fresh human T11-L3 spinal specimens were harvested in this study. The 1/3 L1 vertebral body was resected in a wedged shape. After the preinjury had been created, the specimens were subjected to flexion-compression to create a fracture model. Resection of the ligaments was performed in a sequential manner from the bilateral facet capsule ligament (FCL), interspinous ligament, and supraspinous ligament (SSL) to the ligamentum flavum at the T12-L1 level...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844910/a-retrospective-study-of-thoracolumbar-fractures-treated-with-fixation-and-non-fusion-surgery-of-intra-vertebral-bone-graft-assisted-with-balloon-kyphoplasty
#15
Chengmin Zhang, Bin Ouyang, Pei Li, Liyuan Wang, Lei Luo, Chen Zhao, Liehua Liu, Bing Tu, Tianyong Hou, Paul Arnold, Qiang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Posterior fixation and fusion is the primary treatment for thoracolumbar fractures, although this treatment may sacrifice range of motion (ROM) to achieve stability, rather than treating the fracture itself. Two issues addressed when treating thoracolumbar fractures include 1) replacing the fractured vertebrae, especially the upper endplate of the injured vertebrae, and 2) providing strong fixation with biomechanical stability and flexibility. METHODS: This retrospective study included 61 consecutive patients with thoracic or lumbar fractures treated from October 2010 to May 2014...
August 24, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840673/-posterior-corpectomy-transpedicular-fixation-and-expandable-cage-placement-in-thoracolumbar-fractures
#16
S De la Cruz-Álvarez, J A Canales-Nájera, A Hurtado-Padilla, F Guevara-Villazón, J Ledezma-Ledezma
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate the outcome of vertebral corpectomy and placement of an expandable cage in patients with thoracolumbar fractures, using a posterior-only approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, case series study in the period from May 2011 to May 2014, in which eight patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures were treated surgically with corpectomy of fractured spinal body, placement of expandable box and fixation with transpedicular system, via posterior-only approach...
March 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840427/musculoskeletal-system-in-children-and-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-normal-muscle-force-decreased-trabecular-bone-mineral-density-and-low-prevalence-of-vertebral-fractures
#17
Klara Maratova, Ondrej Hradsky, Jana Matyskova, Ivana Copova, Ondrej Soucek, Zdenek Sumnik, Jiri Bronsky
Low bone mineral density (BMD) and an increased fracture incidence are two extraintestinal complications associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to evaluate musculoskeletal traits and assess vertebral fracture (VF) rate in children and adolescents with IBD. Seventy patients with IBD with a median age of 13.8 years were included. The BMD and geometric parameters of the non-dominant tibia were assessed using pQCT. Dynamic muscle functions were evaluated using jumping mechanography. VFs were assessed according to the semiquantitative standardized method by Genant...
August 24, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834906/comparing-the-efficacy-of-short-segment-pedicle-screw-instrumentation-with-and-without-intermediate-screws-for-treating-unstable-thoracolumbar-fractures
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Conglin Ye, Zhiping Luo, Xiaolong Yu, Hucheng Liu, Bin Zhang, Min Dai
It is generally acknowledged that short-segment pedicle screw instrumentation is the preferred surgical method for thoracolumbar fractures. However, the use of short-segment instrumentation with or without intermediate screws at the fracture level remains controversial.We retrospectively evaluated 44 patients (28 men, 16 women) with unstable thoracolumbar fractures. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the surgical method used. In group 1, 24 patients underwent surgery with a posterior approach via short-segment pedicle screw instrumentation (1 level above and 1 level below the fractured level)...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817960/effectiveness-of-pedicle-screw-inclusion-at-the-fracture-level-in-short-segment-fixation-constructs-for-the-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures-a-computational-biomechanics-analysis
#19
Shady Elmasry, Shihab Asfour, Francesco Travascio
When treating thoracolumbar burst fractures (BF), short-segment posterior fixation (SSPF) represents a less invasive alternative to the traditional long-segment posterior fixation (LSPF) approach. However, hardware failure and loss of sagittal alignment have been reported in patients treated with SSPF. Including pedicle screws at the fracture level in SSPF constructs has been proposed to improve stiffness and reliability of the construct. Accordingly, the biomechanical performance of the proposed construct was compared to LSPF via a computational analysis...
August 17, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816877/fractures-in-spinal-ankylosing-disorders-a-narrative-review-of-disease-and-injury-types-treatment-techniques-and-outcomes
#20
Tarush Rustagi, Doniel Drazin, Cumhur Oner, Jonathan York, Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman
INTRODUCTION: Spinal ankylosing disorders encompass ankylosing spondylitis (AS), disseminated hyperostosis of the spine, and end-stage spondylosis. All these result in a stiffened and frequently deformed spinal column. This makes the spinal column highly susceptible to severe injuries that are commonly associated with unfavorable outcomes. Improved understanding of the underlying disease processes and clinical comorbidities may alter the poor injury related morbidity and mortality outcomes...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
keyword
keyword
93381
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"