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Thoracolumbar fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093624/osteoporotic-vertebral-body-fractures-of-the-thoracolumbar-spine-indications-and-techniques-of-a-360%C3%A2-stabilization
#1
Ulrich Spiegl, J-S Jarvers, C-E Heyde, C Josten
Unstable vertebral body fragility fractures of the thoracolumbar spine can occur with or without relevant trauma. Initially, a standardized diagnostic algorithm including magnetic resonance tomography is recommended to detect accompanied further vertebral body fractures, to interpret the individual fracture stability, and to screen for relevant traumatic intervertebral disc lesions. Aim of the therapy is to assure fast mobilization and to maintain spinal alignment. Unstable fracture morphology is defined by vertebral body fractures including a relevant defect of the posterior vertebral cortex as well as type B or C fractures...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090452/classifying-thoracolumbar-fractures-role-of-quantitative-imaging
#2
REVIEW
Fernando Ruiz Santiago, Pablo Tomás Muñoz, Elena Moya Sánchez, Marta Revelles Paniza, Alberto Martínez Martínez, Antonio Luis Pérez Abela
This article describes different types of vertebral fractures that affect the thoracolumbar spine and the most relevant contributions of the different classification systems to vertebral fracture management. The vertebral fractures types are based on the three columns model of Denis that includes compression, burst, flexion-distraction and fracture-dislocation types. The most recent classifications systems of these types of fractures are reviewed, including the Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity score (TLICS) and the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen Spine Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity score (AOSpine-TLICS)...
December 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074248/pregnancy-associated-osteoporosis-a-case-control-study
#3
P Hadji, J Boekhoff, M Hahn, L Hellmeyer, O Hars, I Kyvernitakis
: The etiology and underlying mechanisms of pregnancy-associated osteoporosis (PAO) are still unknown, since no systematic analyses exist. Our results indicate that PAO is a heterogeneous, rare but severe disease including a substantial number of fractures with a significant delay from first symptom to diagnose. INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis (PAO) is a rare but severe type of premenopausal osteoporosis. Most common symptom includes acute lower back pain due to vertebral fracture predominantly occurring in the last trimester of pregnancy or immediately postpartum...
January 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050455/outcomes-of-short-segment-posterior-instrumentation-in-unstable-thoracolumbar-fractures
#4
Sharvil H Gajjar, Hari J Menon, Nitin Chaudhari, Vipul Chaudhari
INTRODUCTION: The spinal traumas are common and leading problem in orthopaedics practice. The individuals are at a risk of high energy trauma in modern era. Unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures are serious injuries of concern, if left untreated may result in marked morbidity and disability to the patient. Thoracolumbar is the second most common segment involved in the spinal cord following spinal injuries followed by cervical segment. The goal of treatment of any spinal injury is restoration of the patient to maximum possible function with disability free life...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043420/two-additional-augmenting-screws-with-posterior-short-segment-instrumentation-without-fusion-for-unstable-thoracolumbar-burst-fracture-comparisons-with-transpedicular-grafting-techniques
#5
Yu-Chih Lin, Kuo-Fon Fan, Jen-Chung Liao
BACKGROUND: Transpedicular grafting techniques with posterior short-segment instrumentation have demonstrated to prevent high implant failure in unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures. We tested our hypothesis that short-segment instrumentation with two additional augmenting screws in the injured vertebra could provide stability and was similar to those of the transpedicular grafting technique. METHODS: Twenty patients belonged to group A; treated with short-segment pedicle screw fixation and reinforced by two augmenting screws at the fractured vertebra...
December 2016: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038991/local-infiltration-analgesia-with-ropivacaine-in-acute-fracture-of-thoracolumbar-junction-surgery
#6
C Swennen, S Bredin, C Eap, C Mensa, X Ohl, V Girard
STUDY DESIGN: retrospective study INTRODUCTION: Local infiltration analgesia is effective in many surgeries as knee arthroplasty, but the analgesic efficacy of local infiltration analgesia with ropivacaine in trauma spine surgery in T10 to L2 has not been clarified. We conducted a trial to assess the analgesic efficacy of intraoperative local infiltration analgesia (LIA) with ropivacaine. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of intraoperative local infiltration analgesia with ropivacaine on postoperative pain for patients undergoing thoracolumbar junction fracture surgery...
December 27, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028651/erratum-to-posterior-implant-removal-in-patients-with-thoracolumbar-spine-fractures-long-term-results
#7
A J Smits, L den Ouden, A Jonkergouw, J Deunk, F W Bloemers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027506/posterior-short-segment-fixation-in-thoracolumbar-unstable-burst-fractures-transpedicular-grafting-or-six-screw-construct
#8
Jen-Chung Liao, Kuo-Fon Fan
OBJECTIVES: Early implant failure and donor-site complication remain a concern in patients with thoracolumbar burst fracture underwent one-above and-below short-segment posterior pedicle screw fixation with fusion. Our aim was to evaluate the results of short-segment pedicle instrumentation enforced by two augmenting screws or injectable artificial bone cement in the fractured vertebra, and compare the differences between these two PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective clinical and radiographic study...
December 21, 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027145/chance-fractures-in-the-pediatric-population-are-often-misdiagnosed
#9
Lindsay M Andras, Kira F Skaggs, Haleh Badkoobehi, Paul D Choi, David L Skaggs
BACKGROUND: Flexion injuries of the spine range from mild compression fractures to severe flexion-distraction injuries, that is, Chance fractures. Chance fractures are often unstable and Arkader and colleagues demonstrated improved outcomes when Chance fractures are treated operatively compared with those managed nonoperatively. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all patients treated over a 5-year period (2008 to 2013) for a flexion injury, either a Chance or a compression fracture, of the thoracolumbar spine at our tertiary pediatric level I trauma center...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026728/-influence-of-the-weather-on-the-incidence-of-fractures-in-the-elderly
#10
F Burget, O Foltán, J Kraus, K Kudrna, M Novák, J Ulrych
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The incidence of geriatric fractures (proximal femur, distal radius, proximal humerus and thoracolumbar spine injuries) in the population increases with ageing. However, the role of weather conditions, such as icy and slippery winter, should not be overlooked. A deeper insight into this relationship may bring about a better understanding of the fracture aetiology and thus allow for improvement in the prevention of fractures in elderly people. MATERIAL AND METHODS This prospective study included 676 patients (469 women and 207 men) aged 65 and over...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943230/is-thoracolumbar-injury-classification-and-severity-score-tlics-superior-to-ao-thoracolumbar-injury-classification-system-for-guiding-the-surgical-management-of-unstable-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures-without-neurologic-deficit
#11
Mehmet Onur Yüksel, Mehmet Sabri Gürbüz, Merih Iş, Hakan Somay
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score (TLICS) and AOSpine Thoracolumbar Injury Classification System have any superiority to each other regarding the reliability of their recommendations in the surgical management of unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures undergoing instrumentation between 2010 and 2015 were analyzed retrospectively...
November 18, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933475/how-safe-is-minimally-invasive-pedicle-screw-placement-for-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-spine-fractures
#12
Timo Michael Heintel, Stefan Dannigkeit, Annabel Fenwick, Martin Cornelius Jordan, Hendrik Jansen, Fabian Gilbert, Rainer Meffert
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analysis of patients who underwent minimally invasive posterior instrumentation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of minimally invasive pedicle screw placement in patients with unstable thoracic and lumbar spine fractures using the conventional fluoroscopy technique. Although wound infection, haematoma, and new neurological deficit due to screw malplacement remain a common source of morbidity, estimates of their rates of occurrence remain relatively limited...
December 8, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932769/-correction-of-posttraumatic-thoracolumbar-kyphosis-with-modified-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy
#13
Fei Chen, Yijun Kang, Bin Zhou, Zhehao Dai
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy for treatment of thoracolumbar old fracture with kyphosis.
 Methods: From January 2003 to January 2013, 58 patients of thoracolumbar kyphosis, who underwent modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy, were reviewed. Among them, 45 cases underwent initial operation and 13 cases underwent revision surgery. Preoperative and postoperative kyphotic Cobb's angle, score of back pain, as well as the incidence of complication were accessed by using visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI)...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931944/restoration-of-anterior-vertebral-height-by-short-segment-pedicle-screw-fixation-with-screwing-fractured-vertebra-for-the-treatment-of-unstable-thoracolumbar-fractures
#14
Bulent Ozdemir, Ayhan Kanat, Cihangir Erturk, Osman Ersagun Batcik, Mehmet Sabri Balik, Ugur Yazar, Fatma Beyazal Celiker, Yavuz Metin, Mehmet Fatih Inecikli, Ali Rıza Guvercin
BACKGROUND: Treatment of unstable thoraco-lumbar fractures remains controversial. Long-segment pedicle screw constructs may be stiffer and impart greater forces on adjacent segments compared with short-segment constructs.Short-segment pedicle screw fixation alone may be associated with instrumentation failure. Reinforcement fractured vertebra by additional two screws at fracture level may be usefull in thoraco-lumbar fractures for restoration of anterior vertebral height. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 38 (22 males, 16 females) unstable thoracolumbar fractures...
December 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926672/mechanisms-predisposing-factors-and-prognosis-of-intra-operative-vertebral-subluxation-during-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-in-surgical-correction-of-thoracolumbar-kyphosis-secondary-to-ankylosing-spondylitis
#15
Bang-Ping Qian, Sai-Hu Mao, Jun Jiang, Bin Wang, Yong Qiu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the mechanisms, predisposing factors and prognosis of the intraoperative vertebral subluxation (VS) during pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) for thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to ankylosing spondylitis (AS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: VS is one of the most daunting challenges that surgeons encounter during PSO closure, especially in AS patients with ankylosed and mostly osteoporotic spine...
December 6, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925638/biomechanical-analysis-of-intervertebral-cement-extravasation-in-vertebral-motion-segments
#16
Trevor C Wahlquist, John J Lee, Alexander Brunfeldt, Geoffrey T Burns, Rakesh D Patel, Gregory P Graziano
Kyphoplasty is a therapeutic option for pain relief in the setting of compression fractures. Cement extravasation into adjacent disks is a common occurrence. The biomechanical and clinical consequences of cement in the disks currently are unknown. This study investigated the biomechanical effects of cement extravasation into the intervertebral disk in a human cadaveric model. Seven thoracolumbar and lumbar embalmed human cadaveric motion segments were evaluated in axial rotation, right and left lateral bending, and flexion and extension...
December 7, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922573/vertebroplasty-and-return-to-work-for-thoracolumbar-fractures-within-the-workers-compensation-population
#17
Jay M Levin, Joshua T Anderson, Arnold R Haas, Rick Percy, Stephen T Woods, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas U Ahn
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: Analyze efficacy of vertebroplasty and its affect on return to work (RTW) in a workers' compensation (WC) population SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Vertebroplasty remains a controversial treatment modality for vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). No studies have analyzed use of vertebroplasty in the clinically distinct WC population. METHODS: A total of 371 Ohio WC subjects were identified who sustained VCFs and were treated with either vertebroplasty or conservative medical therapy between 1993 and 2013 using Current Procedural Terminology procedural and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision diagnosis codes...
December 2, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886875/the-role-of-a-miniopen-thoracoscopic-assisted-approach-in-the-management-of-burst-fractures-involving-the-thoracolumbar-junction
#18
REVIEW
Ricky Raj S Kalra, Meic H Schmidt
Thoracoscopic spinal surgery is a minimally invasive open endoscopic approach to the anterior thoracolumbar spine for decompression and stabilization. It offers an alternative to open thoracotomy for thoracolumbar burst fractures, anterior spinal cord decompression, and spinal reconstruction with interbody and anterolateral plate instrumentation for restoration of biomechanical stability and alignment. Posterior instrumentation may not sufficiently stabilize a significantly disrupted anterior load-bearing spinal column, and the high access morbidity of open procedures is of significant concern...
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886872/pediatric-thoracolumbar-spine-trauma
#19
REVIEW
Visish Srinivasan, Andrew Jea
This article reviews thoracolumbar injury patterns that may be seen in children. Although much of the management of these injuries has been extrapolated from the adult literature, unique surgical and nonsurgical considerations in treating children with thoracolumbar spine fractures are discussed. In conclusion, most children achieve satisfactory outcomes in long-term follow-up after healing.
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879575/cost-utility-analysis-of-pedicle-screw-removal-after-successful-posterior-instrumented-fusion-in-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures
#20
Han-Dong Lee, Chang-Hoon Jeon, Nam-Su Chung, Young-Wook Seo
STUDY DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis (CUA). OBJECTIVE: Determine the cost-effectiveness of pedicle screw removal after posterior fusion in thoracolumbar burst fractures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pedicle screw instrumentation is a standard fixation method for unstable thoracolumbar burst fracture. However, removal of the pedicle screw after successful fusion remains controversial because the clinical benefits remain unclear. CUA can help clinicians make appropriate decisions about optimal healthcare for pedicle screw removal after successful fusion in thoracolumbar burst fractures...
November 22, 2016: Spine
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