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Talent identification

Paul J Tofari, Stuart J Cormack, Tammie R Ebert, A Scott Gardner, Justin G Kemp
Talent identification (TID) and talent development (TDE) programmes in track sprint cycling use ergometer- and track-based tests to select junior athletes and assess their development. The purpose of this study was to assess which tests are best at monitoring TID and TDE. Ten male participants (16.2 ± 1.1 year; 178.5 ± 6.0 cm and 73.6 ± 7.6 kg) were selected into the national TID squad based on initial testing. These tests consisted of two 6-s maximal sprints on a custom-built ergometer and 4 maximal track-based tests (2 rolling and 2 standing starts) using 2 gear ratios...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Maureen O'Sullivan
Since its foundation by remarkably talented and insightful individuals, prominently including Pepper Dehner, pediatric soft tissue tumor pathology has developed at an immense rate. The morphologic classification of tumoral entities has extensively been corroborated, but has also evolved with refinement or realignment of these classifications, through accruing molecular data, with many derivative ancillary diagnostic assays now already well-established. Tumors of unclear histogenesis, classically morphologically undifferentiated, are prominent amongst pediatric sarcomas, however, the classes of undifferentiated round- or spindle-cell-tumors-not-otherwise-specified are being dismantled gradually with the identification of their molecular underpinnings...
September 5, 2016: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Matthew Tredrea, Ben Dascombe, Colin E Sanctuary, Aaron Terrence Scanlan
This study aimed to identify attributes that discriminate selected from non-selected players and predict selection into a rugby league development programme in older adolescent players. Anthropometric, performance and psychological attributes were measured in under-16 (N = 100) and under-18 (N = 60) rugby league players trialling for selection into a development programme with a professional Australian club. Sprint times (P < 0.001), predicted VO2max (P = 0.002) and push-ups1 min (P = 0.004) were superior in selected under-16 players, and sprint times (P ≤ 0...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Kunihiko Suzuki
In this hybrid of a personal essay and a subjective review, I am attempting to convey the sense of an adventure I myself experienced in exploring various aspects of Krabbe disease, which occupied a significant portion of my life as a biomedical researcher. This is meant to be a personal summary, and I have no pretense of this being an objective scholarly review. Since the first description of the disease by Krabbe 100 years ago, knowledge about the disease has advanced significantly. The main contributions from my laboratory, always the fruits of dedicated efforts of talented young colleagues, include the identification of the genetic defect as deficiency of galactosylceramidase, proposal of the psychosine hypothesis as the pathogenetic mechanism to explain the unique phenotypic characteristics of the disease, detailed delineations of the substrate specificities of the two lysosomal β-galactosidases, discovery of the twitcher mutant as a convenient and useful mouse model, and identification of saposin A as a specific galactosylceramide activator protein and as the second causative gene for globoid cell leukodystrophy...
November 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
M Usha, Y V Geetha, Y S Darshan
BACKGROUND: The field of music is increasingly gaining scope and attracting researchers from varied fields in terms of improvising the art of voice modulation in singing. There has been a lot of competition, and young budding singers are emerging with more talent. This study is aimed to develop software to differentiate a prepubertal voice as that of a singer or a non-singer using an objective tool-singing power ratio (SPR)-as an objective measure to quantify the resonant voice quality...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Teresita M Hogan, Stephen Tyler Constantine, Aoko Doris Crain
The older adult patient with syncope is one of the most challenging evaluations for the emergency physician. It requires clinical skill, patience, and knowledge of specific older adult issues. It demands care in the identification of necessary resources, such as medication review, and potential linkage with several multidisciplinary follow-up services. Excellent syncope care likely requires reaching out to ensure institutional resources are aligned with emergency department patient needs, thus asking emergency physicians to stretch their administrative talents...
August 2016: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Matthew Chiwaridzo, Gillian D Ferguson, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman
BACKGROUND: Scientific focus on rugby has increased over the recent years, providing evidence of the physical or physiological characteristics and game-specific skills needed in the sport. Identification of tests commonly used to measure these characteristics is important for the development of test batteries, which in turn may be used for talent identification and injury prevention programmes. Although there are a number of tests available in the literature to measure physical or physiological variables and game-specific skills, there is limited information available on the psychometric properties of the tests...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Patrick Vallance
The pharmaceutical industry is entering a renewed period of productivity as a result of advances in the understanding of human biology, particularly in the areas of genetics and immunology. The relationship between industry and academia needs to evolve to maximize the opportunity. In four areas-target identification, the molecule itself, experimental medicine, and larger-scale clinical testing-there are specific needs for academic partnerships that should be open and transparent and include talent, skills, and career development...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Rob S James, C Doug Thake, Sam Birch
Age dependent bias is a key issue within talent identification of children, particularly when measures of physical fitness are used. Coaches in sport would benefit from a relatively straightforward method to remove age dependent bias, enabling identification of children who are relatively high performers for their age. This study aimed to determine whether removal of age effects caused changes in the relationships between physical performance and anthropometric measures commonly used in talent identification and development systems...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Gillian K Myburgh, Sean P Cumming, Manuel Coelho E Silva, Karl Cooke, Robert M Malina
PURPOSE: To evaluate relationships among skeletal maturity, body size, and functional capacities of elite junior tennis players. METHOD: Participants were 88 elite British Junior tennis players (44 male; 44 female), 8-16 years of age (12.4±1.9 years). Skeletal age estimated maturity. Anthropometry, grip strength, countermovement jump, squat jump, forehand agility, backhand agility, Yo-Yo, 5m, 10m and 20m sprints were measured. Comparative analysis for each sex was performed, relating advanced maturers (Male: 15; Female: 29) to a combination of on-time and late maturers (Male: 29; Female: 31)...
June 13, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
Johan Pion, Andreas Hohmann, Tianbiao Liu, Matthieu Lenoir, Veerle Segers
This retrospective study focuses on the comparison of different predictive models based on the results of a talent identification test battery for female gymnasts. We studied to what extent these models have the potential to optimise selection procedures, and at the same time reduce talent development costs in female artistic gymnastics. The dropout rate of 243 female elite gymnasts was investigated, 5 years past talent selection, using linear (discriminant analysis) and non-linear predictive models (Kohonen feature maps and multilayer perceptron)...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Michael Romann, Jörg Fuchslocher
Physical performance is highly dependent on maturity. Therefore, consideration of maturity is recommended in the talent identification process. To date, skeletal age (SA) is assessed using X-ray scans. However, X-rays are associated with a 10-fold higher radiation compared to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The aim of the study was to validate SA assessments in male soccer players with the DXA technique. Paired X-ray and DXA scans of the left hand of 63 Swiss U-15 national soccer players were performed...
July 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
Matthew C Makel, Harrison J Kell, David Lubinski, Martha Putallaz, Camilla P Benbow
The educational, occupational, and creative accomplishments of the profoundly gifted participants (IQs ⩾ 160) in the Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth (SMPY) are astounding, but are they representative of equally able 12-year-olds? Duke University's Talent Identification Program (TIP) identified 259 young adolescents who were equally gifted. By age 40, their life accomplishments also were extraordinary: Thirty-seven percent had earned doctorates, 7.5% had achieved academic tenure (4.3% at research-intensive universities), and 9% held patents; many were high-level leaders in major organizations...
July 2016: Psychological Science
Kevin Till, Ben L Jones, Stephen Cobley, David Morley, John O'Hara, Chris Chapman, Carlton Cooke, Clive B Beggs
Prediction of adult performance from early age talent identification in sport remains difficult. Talent identification research has generally been performed using univariate analysis, which ignores multivariate relationships. To address this issue, this study used a novel higher-dimensional model to orthogonalize multivariate anthropometric and fitness data from junior rugby league players, with the aim of differentiating future career attainment. Anthropometric and fitness data from 257 Under-15 rugby league players was collected...
2016: PloS One
Oliver Höner, Andreas Votteler
In the debate about the usefulness of motor diagnostics in the talent identification process, the prognostic validity for tests conducted in early adolescence is of critical interest. Using a group- and individual-based statistical approach, this prospective cohort study evaluated a nationwide assessment of speed abilities and technical skills regarding its relevance for future achievement levels. The sample consisted of 22,843 U12-players belonging to the top 4% in German football. The U12-results in five tests served as predictors for players' selection levels in U16-U19 (youth national team, regional association, youth academy, not selected)...
May 5, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
M Mostaert, F Deconinck, J Pion, M Lenoir
The aim of the present study was to identify anthropometric, physical, coordinative and ice-skating specific characteristics that discriminate young elite ice skaters from non-elite skaters and their non-skating peers. 32 skaters aged 9-12 years old (11 elites and 21 non-elites) voluntarily participated in the study. They were submitted to 5 anthropometric, 7 physical, 3 coordination and 5 ice-skating specific tests. Reference values of a representative healthy non-skating sample were taken from the Flemish Sports Compass dataset...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Eli Somer, Liora Somer, Daniela S Jopp
This study explored the fantasy activity of 16 individuals who were seeking online peer-support and advice for maladaptive daydreaming (MD). MD is an under-researched mental activity described as persistent vivid fantasy activity that replaces human interaction and/or interferes with important areas of functioning. We employed a grounded theory methodology that yielded seven common themes presented as a sequential descriptive narrative about the nature, precursors, and consequences of MD. The presented "storyline" included the following themes: (1) daydreaming as an innate talent for vivid fantasy; (2) daydreaming and social isolation-a two-way street; (3) the role of trauma in the development of MD; (4) the rewards of daydreaming; (5) the insatiable yearning for daydreaming; (6) shame and concealment; (7) unsuccessful treatment attempts...
June 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Lachlan P James, G Gregory Haff, Vincent G Kelly, Emma M Beckman
BACKGROUND: Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a combat sport underpinned by techniques from other combat disciplines, in addition to strategies unique to the sport itself. These sports can be divided into two distinct categories (grappling or striking) based on differing technical demands. Uniquely, MMA combines both methods of combat and therefore appears to be physiologically complex requiring a spectrum of mechanical and metabolic qualities to drive performance. However, little is known about the physiological characteristics that distinguish higher- from lower-level MMA athletes...
October 2016: Sports Medicine
Xian-Gang Yang, Yang Wang, Da-Peng Bao, Yang Hu
To investigate anthropometric characteristics of Chinese professional female marathoners and suitable predicted variables correlated with their personal bests (PB), 96 Chinese female long-distance runners were divided into international (< 2 h 34 min), national (2 h 34 min~2 h 45 min) and average (2 h 45 min~3 h 19 min) levels according to their PB in marathon during the process of talent identification for London Olympic Games. Selected anthropometric variables, including height, body mass, percentages of body fat, girths, breadths, lengths and skin-folds were measured...
December 2015: Collegium Antropologicum
Mark Roe, Shane Malone
Gaelic football is indigenous to Ireland and has similar locomotion profiles to soccer and Australian Football. Given the increasing attention on long-term player development, investigations into age-related variation in Yo-YoIR1 performance may provide useful information in talent identification, programme design, and player monitoring. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate Yo-YoIR1 performance across Gaelic football age groups. Male participants (n = 355) were recruited from division one, Gaelic football teams...
March 12, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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