Read by QxMD icon Read

osteoarthritis in africans

Kimberly R Middleton, Michael M Ward, Steffany Haaz Moonaz, Miriam Magaña López, Gladys Tataw-Ayuketah, Li Yang, Ana T Acevedo, Zavera Brandon, Gwenyth R Wallen
Background: While there is a growing interest in the therapeutic benefits of yoga, minority populations with arthritis tend to be under-represented in the research. Additionally, there is an absence of guidance in the literature regarding the use of multicultural teams and sociocultural health beliefs, when designing yoga studies for a racially diverse population with arthritis. This pilot study examined the feasibility of offering yoga as a self-care modality to an urban, bilingual, minority population with osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA), in the Washington, DC area...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Janiece L Walker Taylor, Claudia M Campbell, Roland J Thorpe, Keith E Whitfield, Manka Nkimbeng, Sarah L Szanton
African American women with osteoarthritis (OA) are at high risk of experiencing pain. They report more pain than non-Hispanic White women and men of other racial/ethnic groups. This pain can limit independence and diminish their quality of life. Despite the detrimental effects that pain can have on older African American women with OA, there is a dearth of literature examining factors beyond the OA pathology that are associated with pain outcomes within this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between racial discrimination and depressive symptoms with pain intensity in African American women with OA...
February 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Ted R Mikuls, Michael J Duryee, Bryant R England, Daniel R Anderson, Michelene Hearth-Holmes, Kaihong Su, Kaleb Michaud, Jeffrey B Payne, Harlan Sayles, Carlos Hunter, Jacob D McGowan, Lynell W Klassen, Geoffrey M Thiele
OBJECTIVE: To compare anti-malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA) antibody concentrations between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and healthy and rheumatic disease controls. METHODS: Anti-MAA antibody (IgA, IgM, IgG) was measured using ELISA and banked serum from patients with RA (n = 284), osteoarthritis (OA, n = 330), spondyloarthropathy (SpA, n = 50), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, n = 88) as well as healthy controls (n = 82). Anti-MAA antibody concentrations and the frequency of positivity were compared across groups...
February 1, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
E R Vina, D Ran, E L Ashbeck, C K Kwoh
OBJECTIVE: Compare knee pain and disability between African Americans (AAs) and Whites (WHs), with or at risk of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), over 9 years, and evaluate racial disparities in KOA-related symptoms across socioeconomic and clinical characteristics. DESIGN: Osteoarthritis Initiative participants were evaluated annually over 9 years for pain and disability, assessed by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and a numerical rating scale (NRS) for knee pain severity...
February 2, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Ke Wang, Hyun A Kim, David T Felson, Ling Xu, Dong H Kim, Michael C Nevitt, Noriko Yoshimura, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Jianhao Lin, Xiaozheng Kang, Yuqing Zhang
The weak correlation between pain and structural changes in knee osteoarthritis is widely reported. In a previous within-person, knee-matched case-control study among Caucasians, the severity of radiographic osteoarthritis (ROA) was strongly associated with both the presence of frequent knee pain and pain severity. We studied the association between ROA and knee pain in five racial/ethnic populations by using the same method. Subjects were selected from China; Japan; Korea and the United States. Among subjects with knees discordant for either frequent knee pain or pain severity, we examined the relationship between ROA and the presence of frequent knee pain using conditional logistic regression, and between ROA and pain severity using a stratified proportional odds model with an amalgamating conditional likelihood...
January 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ernest R Vina, C Kent Kwoh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight recent studies of osteoarthritis epidemiology, including research on prevalence, disease impact, and potential risk factors. RECENT FINDINGS: Osteoarthritis is highly prevalent in the United States and around the globe. It is a leading cause of disability and can negatively impact people's physical and mental well being. Healthcare resources and costs associated with managing the disease can be substantial...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
R Raveendran, J L Stiller, C Alvarez, J B Renner, T A Schwartz, N K Arden, J M Jordan, A E Nelson
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first prevalence estimates of different radiographic hip morphologies relevant to dysplasia and femoroacetabular impingement in a well-characterized USA population-based cohort. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were from the baseline examination (1991-1997) of a large population-based prospective longitudinal cohort study (The Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project). HipMorf software (Oxford, UK) was used to assess hip morphology on anteroposterior (AP) pelvis radiographs...
January 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Ernest R Vina, Di Ran, Erin L Ashbeck, Charles Ratzlaff, C Kent Kwoh
OBJECTIVES: Characterize radiographic worsening in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by race and sex over 4 years and evaluate the role of established risk factors in observed race/sex differences. METHODS: Whites (WHs) (694 males and 929 females) and African-Americans (AAs) (92 males and 167 females) at risk for radiographic KOA were eligible. Cox shared frailty models were used to estimate race and sex group differences in radiographic worsening, defined by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) and OARSI joint space narrowing (JSN)...
August 31, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Youfang Liu, Michelle S Yau, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, David J Duggan, Jordan B Renner, Marc C Hochberg, Braxton D Mitchell, Rebecca D Jackson, Joanne M Jordan
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of knee osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, is complex and may differ by race or ethnicity. In recent years, genetic studies have identified many genetic variants associated with OA, but nearly all the studies were conducted in European whites and Asian Americans. Few studies have focused on the genetics of knee OA in African Americans. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study of radiographic knee OA in 1217 African Americans from 2 North American cohort studies: 590 subjects from the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project and 627 subjects from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
November 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
Leslie R M Hausmann, Said A Ibrahim, C Kent Kwoh, Ada Youk, D Scott Obrosky, Debra K Weiner, Ernest Vina, Rollin M Gallagher, Genna T Mauro, Acacia Parks
Knee osteoarthritis is a painful, disabling condition that disproportionately affects African Americans. Existing arthritis treatments yield small to moderate improvements in pain and have not been effective at reducing racial disparities in the management of pain. The biopsychosocial model of pain and evidence from the positive psychology literature suggest that increasing positive psychological skills (e.g., gratitude, kindness) could improve pain and functioning and reduce disparities in osteoarthritis pain management...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Satyajeet Roy, Joshua Louis Weinstock, Allyse Sachiko Ishino, Jefferson Felix Benites, Samantha Rachel Pop, Christopher David Perez, Edvard Adrian Gumbs, Jennifer Ann Rosenbaum, Mary Kate Roccato, Hely Shah, Gabriela Contino, Krystal Hunter
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the United States. A reduction in cholesterol with 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statin) significantly reduces mortality and morbidity. Statins may be associated with cognitive impairment or dementia. Our aim was to study the association of cognitive impairment or dementia in patients who were on a statin. METHODS: Electronic medical records of 3,500 adult patients in our suburban internal medicine office were reviewed...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Kira C Taylor, Daniel S Evans, Digna R Velez Edwards, Todd L Edwards, Tamar Sofer, Guo Li, Youfang Liu, Nora Franceschini, Rebecca D Jackson, Ayush Giri, Macarius Donneyong, Bruce Psaty, Jerome I Rotter, Andrea Z LaCroix, Joanne M Jordan, John A Robbins, Beth Lewis, Marcia L Stefanick, Yongmei Liu, Melissa Garcia, Tamara Harris, Jane A Cauley, Kari E North
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a major public health problem associated with excess disability and mortality. It is estimated that 50-70% of the variation in osteoporotic fracture risk is attributable to genetic factors. The purpose of this hypothesis-generating study was to identify possible genetic determinants of fracture among African American (AA) women in a GWAS meta-analysis. METHODS: Data on clinical fractures (all fractures except fingers, toes, face, skull or sternum) were analyzed among AA female participants in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) (N = 8155), Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) (N = 504), BioVU (N = 704), Health ABC (N = 651), and the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project (JoCoOA) (N = 291)...
December 2016: Bone Reports
Patricia A Parmelee, Brian S Cox, Jason A DeCaro, Francis J Keefe, Dylan M Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial/ethnic differences in sleep quality and the pain-sleep association among older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Baseline interview followed by a 7-day microlongitudinal study using accelerometry and self-reports. SETTING: Participants were community residents in western Alabama and Long Island, NY. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six African Americans (AAs) and 128 non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) with physician-diagnosed knee osteoarthritis, recruited from a variety of clinical and community settings...
June 2017: Sleep Health
Uhunmwangho U Courage, Dungwom P Stephen, Imoh C Lucius, Charles Ani, Agbaji O Oche, Agaba I Emmanuel, Adelowo O Olufemi
The International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated the Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic diseases (COPCORD) to promote the growth of rheumatology in developing countries. This is the first COPCORD-type survey carried out in a West African community. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases in a semi-urban Nigerian community, using the COPCORD methodology. This is a cross-sectional total population survey, carried out in Katon Rikkos, Jos, Nigeria, from June 2015 to November 2016...
November 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
Shahmeer Lateef, Yvonne M Golightly, Jordan B Renner, Joanne M Jordan, Amanda E Nelson
OBJECTIVE: Because there are no epidemiologic data regarding the frequency of ankle osteoarthritis (OA) in a general population, we sought to analyze this disabling condition in a large, well-characterized, community-based cohort of older individuals. METHODS: Cross-sectional data, including ankle radiographs, were from the most recent data collection (2013-2015) of the Johnston County OA Project. Radiographic ankle OA (rAOA) was defined as a Kellgren-Lawrence arthritis grading scale of ≥ 2 on weight-bearing lateral and mortise radiographs...
April 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
Babatunde Hakeem Olaosebikan, Olufemi Oladipo Adelowo, Barakat Adeola Animashaun, Richard Oluyinka Akintayo
BACKGROUND: Paediatric rheumatology service in Sub-Sahara African is virtually not available as there is a shortage of paediatric rheumatologists and other rheumatology health professionals. We aim to describe the clinical spectrum and the frequencies of paediatric rheumatic diseases (PRDs) in Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with PRDs seen over a five year period (March 2010 to February 2016) at the rheumatology clinic and children ward of LASUTH...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Sophie Regnault, Jonathon J I Dixon, Chris Warren-Smith, John R Hutchinson, Renate Weller
Foot problems are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in elephants, but are underreported due to difficulties in diagnosis, particularly of conditions affecting the bones and internal structures. Here we evaluate post-mortem computer tomographic (CT) scans of 52 feet from 21 elephants (seven African Loxodonta africana and 14 Asian Elephas maximus), describing both pathology and variant anatomy (including the appearance of phalangeal and sesamoid bones) that could be mistaken for disease. We found all the elephants in our study to have pathology of some type in at least one foot...
2017: PeerJ
Daniel L Riddle, Gregory J Golladay, Amanda Hayes, Hassan M K Ghomrawi
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a highly effective surgery, but is underutilized by some patient groups. This study determined factors associated with a person's expectations with respect to pain and walking function following a TKA procedure, should they elect to undergo a TKA. METHODS: A total of 3542 people were studied with or at risk of knee osteoarthritis and enrolled in the community-based Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). Multivariable logistic regression analyses identified demographic, socioeconomic, osteoarthritis-related, joint replacement awareness, and psychological correlates as poor outcome expectations...
March 2017: Knee
Matthew S Herbert, Burel R Goodin, Hailey W Bulls, Adriana Sotolongo, Megan E Petrov, Jeffrey C Edberg, Laurence A Bradley, Roger B Fillingim
OBJECTIVES: Although several factors are known to contribute to ethnic differences in pain, relatively little attention has been devoted to physiological factors. Our first aim was to examine the relationship between cortisol and pain responses during a cold-pressor task (CPT) among African American (AA) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Our second aim was to assess the relationship between perceived racial discrimination and cortisol among AA participants...
September 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
Eleanor E Friedman, Wayne A Duffus
OBJECTIVES: To examine sociodemographic factors and chronic health conditions of people living with HIV (PLWHIV/HIV+) at least 65 years old and compare their chronic disease prevalence with beneficiaries without HIV. DESIGN: National fee-for-service Medicare claims data (parts A and B) from 2006 to 2009 were used to create a retrospective cohort of beneficiaries at least 65 years old. METHODS: Beneficiaries with an inpatient or skilled nursing facility claim, or outpatient claims with HIV diagnosis codes were considered HIV+...
October 23, 2016: AIDS
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"