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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690677/the-past-and-future-of-breast-cancer-treatment-from-the-papyrus-to-individualised-treatment-approaches
#1
REVIEW
Felipe Ades, Konstantinos Tryfonidis, Dimitrios Zardavas
Cancer is one of the oldest diseases ever described, since ancient Egypt there have always been attempts to treat and cure this illness. The growing body of knowledge about breast cancer biology and improvements in surgical and medical treatments has been built over time with contributions from many talented and enthusiastic physicians and researchers. Medical advances have changed the approach from a previously incurable condition, into a surgical disease. Further improvements in cancer biology have allowed the development of systemic treatments, hormonal therapies, and targeted drugs...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648240/eventual-sport-performance-level-what-about-the-role-of-type-of-sport-perception-of-critical-life-events-and-practice-quality
#2
Tynke Toering
The target article describes an interesting study, which provides some challenging findings regarding athletes' pathway to excellence. The suggested links between critical life events, need for success, personal characteristics, and eventual performance level make sense from a psychodynamic perspective. This commentary will discuss some critical points related to the application of the findings in talent identification and -development programs. These are (1) the possible effect of the selection of participants on the results (including the impact of dependence on others for team sport athletes and the opportunity for multiple medal attainment), (2) a lack of detail in the description of how the athletes approached the critical life events (the perception of an event may contribute more to development than the event itself), and (3) a lack of detail in the description of the practice process throughout development...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648239/great-british-medalists-a-commentary-based-on-a-developmental-systems-theory-perspective
#3
Martin I Jones, Mark R Wilson
In their target article, Hardy and colleagues outline some psychosocial factors that were proposed to underpin the development of serial sporting champions. In this commentary, we suggest that the psychodynamic compensatory mechanisms model described by Hardy et al. is limited by its failure to consider the role of the broader developmental systems in which an individual exists (including funding structure, community, culture, and historical niche). We suggest that any workable talent development model needs to consider the bidirectional relationships between individuals and their contexts, and as such, should be guided by a more dynamic, developmental systems theory approach...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648235/much-ado-about%C3%A2-a-response-to-hardy-et-al
#4
Dave Collins, Áine MacNamara
Our response to the Great British Medallist (GBM) study focuses on three concerns. First, we discuss the extent to which the findings presented are actually novel and offer practitioners genuine guidance and information about how to structure talent development pathways. Second, we suggest that a lack of critical consideration of the findings against the considerable body of knowledge that already exists in this domain is a significant limitation. Finally, and most pertinently from a practitioner perspective, we highlight our concerns about the extent to which the findings presented may be prematurely adopted by practitioners without a genuinely appropriate evidence base...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648232/embedding-the-psychosocial-biographies-of-olympic-medalists-in-a-meta-theoretical-model-of-dynamic-networks
#5
Ruud J R Den Hartigh, Nico W Van Yperen, Paul L C Van Geert
Based on in-depth interviews, Hardy et al. focused on the role of psychosocial factors in the development of elite and super-elite athletes. They reveal interesting differences and commonalities in the frequencies at which certain aspects related to life events, personality, contextual factors, etc. were reported. Here, we argue that insights in the development of (super-)elite athletes will advance if we go beyond explanations in the frequency-domain, and search for process explanations in the time-domain...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644113/the-importance-and-development-of-ball-control-and-self-reported-self-regulatory-skills-in-basketball-players-for-different-positions
#6
Sanne Cornelia Maria Te Wierike, Barbara Catharina Helena Huijgen, Laura Jonker, Marije Titia Elferink-Gemser, Chris Visscher
This study first investigated the importance of ball control and (self-reported) self-regulatory skills in achieving the elite level in basketball. The second aim was to gain insight into the development of, and association between ball control and (self-reported) self-regulatory skills that contribute to achieving the elite level, with taking into account positional differences. Talented male players (N = 73; age 16.56 ± 1.96) completed the STARtest to measure ball control and a questionnaire to measure (self-reported) self-regulation from 2008-2012...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630572/the-role-of-a-relative-age-effect-in-the-7-th-international-children-s-winter-games-2016-and-the-influence-of-biological-maturity-status-on-selection
#7
Lisa Müller, Carolin Hildebrandt, Christian Raschner
The aim of this study was to analyse the role of a relative age effect (RAE) and to investigate the influence of biological maturity status on the RAE at the 7(th) International Children`s Winter Games. The birth dates of all 572 participants (365 males, 207 females) were analysed, and the biological maturity status of 384 athletes (243 males, 141 females) was assessed by the age at peak height velocity (APHV) method. A RAE was present in the total sample (χ(2) = 67.81; p < 0.001), and among both male (χ(2) = 49...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608256/development-and-examination-of-a-functional-reactive-agility-test-for-older-adults
#8
Eric J Sobolewski, Brennan J Thompson, Eric C Conchola, Eric D Ryan
BACKGROUND: Reactive agility tests have become popular in sport for talent identification; however, the ability of these tests to evaluate physical function and falls risk in clinical populations warrants future study. AIM: To examine the reliability and construct validity of a novel functional reactive agility test (FRAT) across the lifespan. METHODS: Forty-three young (24 ± 2 years), 32 middle-aged (50 ± 2 years), and 19 old (66 ± 4 years) men performed a FRAT that included a rapid lateral movement (1...
June 12, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605273/improving-the-prediction-of-maturity-from-anthropometric-variables-using-a-maturity-ratio
#9
Job Fransen, Stephen Bush, Stephen Woodcock, Andrew Novak, Dieter Deprez, Adam D G Baxter-Jones, Roel Vaeyens, Matthieu Lenoir
PURPOSE: This study aimed to improve the prediction accuracy of Age at Peak Height Velocity (APHV) from anthropometric assessment using non-linear models and a maturity ratio rather than a maturity offset. METHODS: The dataset used to develop the original prediction equations was used to test a new prediction model, utilising the maturity ratio and a polynomial prediction equation. This model was then applied to a sample of male youth academy soccer players (n = 1330) to validate the new model in youth athletes...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605209/pacing-and-self-regulation-important-skills-for-talent-development-in-endurance-sports
#10
Marije T Elferink-Gemser, Florentina J Hettinga
Pacing has been characterized as a multi-faceted goal-directed process of decision-making in which athletes need to decide how and when to invest their energy during the race, a process essential for optimal performance. Both physiological as well as psychological characteristics associated with adequate pacing and performance are known to develop with age. Consequently, the multi-faceted skill of pacing might be under construction throughout adolescence as well. Therefore, we propose that the complex skill of pacing is a potential important performance characteristic for talented youth athletes, that needs to be developed throughout adolescence...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603507/making-champs-and-super-champs-current-views-contradictions-and-future-directions
#11
REVIEW
David J Collins, Aine Macnamara
In our 2016 paper (Collins et al., 2016a), we proposed that superchamps (athletes who have achieved the highest level in their sport) were differentiated from their less successful counterparts by their use of positive proactive coping and a "learn from it" approach to challenge. This skill-based focus to talent development (TD) is supported extensively in the literature (e.g., MacNamara et al., 2010a,b) and suggests that the differences between levels of adult achievement relate more to what performers bring to the challenges than what they experience (Collins et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603460/cultivating-the-multiple-sclerosis-workforce-of-the-future
#12
Gabriele C DeLuca, Guy Buckle, Irene Cortese, Jennifer S Graves, June Halper, Scott D Newsome, Nancy Sicotte, Corey C Ford
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex neurologic disorder that affects people with ever-changing needs. The MS health-care field has entered an era of exponential knowledge growth in which better understanding of the immunologic dysregulation of the disease has translated into an expanding array of treatment options. It is estimated that, if it has not already, within the next decade the demands of a growing MS patient population will outstrip the number of professionals dedicated to the management of this chronic, lifelong disease...
May 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582387/spanish-version-of-the-talent-development-environment-questionnaire-for-sport-cultural-adaptation-and-initial-validation
#13
Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Pedro R Olivares, Georgios Andronikos, Russell J J Martindale
This study aimed to translate the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire into Spanish and provide an initial validation. A recommended methodology for translation and cultural adaptation of questionnaires was applied. Once this had been completed, three hundred and thirty-two young athletes completed the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire. The results revealed that the five factor solution Talent Development Environment Questionnaire was confirmed. With the exclusion of one item due to low factor loading, the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire-5 had robust statistical support for its factor structure (χ2 (df = 305) = 499...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578541/anthropometric-and-physical-qualities-of-elite-male-youth-rugby-league-players
#14
REVIEW
Kevin Till, Sean Scantlebury, Ben Jones
Rugby league is a collision team sport played at junior and senior levels worldwide, whereby players require highly developed anthropometric and physical qualities (i.e. speed, change-of-direction speed, aerobic capacity, muscular strength and power). Within junior levels, professional clubs and national governing bodies implement talent identification and development programmes to support the development of youth (i.e. 13-20 years) rugby league players into professional athletes. This review presents and critically appraises the anthropometric and physical qualities of elite male youth rugby league players aged between 13 and 20 years, by age category, playing standard and playing position...
June 3, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573912/dissecting-and-customising-the-childhood-obesity-prevention-advisory-council-copac-the-development-and-application-of-a-community-engagement-framework-to-improve-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-migrant-populations
#15
A M N Renzaho
BACKGROUND: Migrant communities in Australia bear a disproportionate childhood obesity burden. They also show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives which may contribute to widening obesity disparities. Community engagement has been shown to be effective in reducing health disparities by improving migrant communities' participation in prevention programmes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a community engagement framework to improve childhood obesity prevention among migrants...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567374/the-history-of-time-for-capsule-endoscopy
#16
REVIEW
Samuel N Adler
Capsule endoscopy was conceived by inventive minds of good people. In the beginning there was a will to do something for medicine. The idea fomented after a discourse between the talented engineer with his physician friend. It took years to develop the concept. Then excellent engineers created de novo the necessary components to turn the capsule into a viable reality. The story is a tribute to human ingenuity.
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520092/mushrooms-as-efficient-solar-steam-generation-devices
#17
Ning Xu, Xiaozhen Hu, Weichao Xu, Xiuqiang Li, Lin Zhou, Shining Zhu, Jia Zhu
Solar steam generation is emerging as a promising technology, for its potential in harvesting solar energy for various applications such as desalination and sterilization. Recent studies have reported a variety of artificial structures that are designed and fabricated to improve energy conversion efficiencies by enhancing solar absorption, heat localization, water supply, and vapor transportation. Mushrooms, as a kind of living organism, are surprisingly found to be efficient solar steam-generation devices for the first time...
May 18, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512519/an-internship-may-not-be-enough-enhancing-bioscience-industry-job-readiness-through-practicum-experiences
#18
Jason M Cramer, Paul T Hamilton
In contrast to the narrowing of options in academic careers, the bioscience industry offers robust employment opportunities for STEM-trained workers, especially those who display both scientific and business talent. Unfortunately, traditional science programs typically lack curricular features that develop this type of worker. The North Carolina State University Master of Microbial Biotechnology (MMB) program facilitates industry-specific experiential learning to fill this training gap. Similar programs often rely on a single industry internship to provide students relevant work experience, but completion of one internship might not suffice to position students for employment in a highly competitive job market...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507740/mark-josephson-pioneer-educator-and-mentor-to-a-generation-of-cardiac-electrophysiologists
#19
William G Stevenson
In January 2017 we lost a giant in cardiac electrophysiology, whose work and teachings touched all of us working in the field. Mark Josephson's early work, building on the work of Hein Wellens in using programmed stimulation and catheter mapping to understand scar-related ventricular tachycardias, led the way to surgical and then catheter ablation as a viable therapy for that arrhythmia. His seminal observations are many and catalogued in 'The Josephson School' a wonderful book with 59 Chapters and extensive commentary devoted to his research...
April 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496113/the-beneficial-role-of-mobility-for-the-emergence-of-innovation
#20
Giuliano Armano, Marco Alberto Javarone
Innovation is a key ingredient for the evolution of several systems, including social and biological ones. Focused investigations and lateral thinking may lead to innovation, as well as serendipity and other random discovery processes. Some individuals are talented at proposing innovation (say innovators), while others at deeply exploring proposed novelties, at getting further insights on a theory, or at developing products, services, and so on (say developers). This separation in terms of innovators and developers raises an issue of paramount importance: under which conditions a system is able to maintain innovators? According to a simple model, this work investigates the evolutionary dynamics that characterize the emergence of innovation...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
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