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Talent development

Ensaf M Al-Hujaily, Tanvir Khatlani, Zeyad Alehaideb, Rizwan Ali, Bader Almuzaini, Bahauddeen M Alrfaei, Jahangir Iqbal, Imadul Islam, Shuja Malik, Bader A Marwani, Salam Massadeh, Atef Nehdi, Barrak Alsomaie, Bader Debasi, Ibraheem Bushnak, Saeed Noibi, Syed Hussain, Wahid Abdul Wajid, Jean-Pierre Armand, Sheraz Gul, Julen Oyarzabal, Rana Rais, Chas Bountra, Ahmed Alaskar, Bander Al Knawy, Mohamed Boudjelal
The 'Therapeutics discovery: From bench to first in-human trials' conference, held at the King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC), Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs (MNGHA), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) from October 10-12, 2017, provided a unique opportunity for experts worldwide to discuss advances in drug discovery and development, focusing on phase I clinical trials. It was the first event of its kind to be hosted at the new research center, which was constructed to boost drug discovery and development in the KSA in collaboration with institutions, such as the Academic Drug Discovery Consortium in the United States of America (USA), Structural Genomics Consortium of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom (UK), and Institute of Materia Medica of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences in China...
March 2018: Biomedical Reports
Jun-Hua Zhang, You-Ping Li, Bo-Li Zhang
The introduction and popularization of evidence-based medicine has opened up a new research field of clinical efficacy evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), produced new research ideas and methods, and promoted the progress of clinical research of TCM. After about 20 years assiduous study and earnest practice, the evidence based evaluation method and technique, which conforms to the characteristics of TCM theory and practice, has been developing continuously. Evidence-based Chinese medicine (EBCM) has gradually formed and become an important branch of evidence-based medicine...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Ellen N Kersh, Sheila A Lukehart
The first session at the 2016 Syphilis Summit provided an opportunity for laboratory researchers and clinicians to comment on gaps in biomedical knowledge and technologies. Predominant themes in the presentations and discussion included the need for optimization of existing diagnostic tests, commercial availability and FDA approval of nucleic acid amplification tests for primary and secondary syphilis, development of sensitive and specific new blood tests for diagnosis of active (vs. treated) syphilis infection, clarification of the best measures for adequacy of response to treatment, continued study of complications of syphilis including neuro- and ocular syphilis, and development of a safe and effective vaccine that will protect against transmission and complications of disseminated infection (including congenital and neurosyphilis)...
March 9, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Roland Sieghartsleitner, Claudia Zuber, Marc Zibung, Achim Conzelmann
Characteristics of learning activities in early sport participation play a key role in the development of the sporting talent. Therefore, pathways of specialisation or diversification/sampling are as well debated as the implementation of practice- or play-oriented activities. The related issues are currently perceived as a two-dimensional construct of domain specificity and performance orientation . In this context, it has been shown that early specialisation, with experiences in practice and play, has led to Swiss junior national team football players reaching higher success levels as adults...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Luiz H P Vieira, Sérgio A Cunha, Renato Moraes, Fabio A Barbieri, Rodrigo Aquino, Lucas de P Oliveira, Martina Navarro, Bruno L S Bedo, Paulo R P Santiago
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the kicking performance of young soccer players in the U9 to U20 age groups. METHOD: Three hundred and sixty-six Brazilian players were evaluated on an official pitch using three-dimensional kinematics to measure (300 Hz) ball velocity (Vball ), foot velocity (Vfoot ), Vball /Vfoot ratio, last stride length, and distance between the support foot and the ball. Simultaneously, a two-dimensional procedure was also conducted to compute (60 Hz) the mean radial error, bivariate variable error, and accuracy...
March 7, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Bei Li, Jianbin Li, Xiaoyun Lan, Ying An, Wuqiang Gao, Yuqiao Jiang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Compared to traditional software development strategies, the two-level modeling approach is more flexible and applicable to build an information system in the medical domain. However, the standards of two-level modeling such as openEHR appear complex to medical professionals. This study aims to investigate, implement, and improve the two-level modeling approach, and discusses the experience of building a unified data acquisition system for four affiliated university hospitals based on this approach...
April 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Baojin Li, Longxiang Huang
For the construction factors of acupuncture-moxibustion theory of DOU Hanqing , a doctor in Jin-Yuan Dynasty, we studied his life, acupuncture-moxibustion theory and culture background in the History of Medicine and Philosophy of Science & Technology. It was found that the major source of DOU Hanqing ' s Confucianism was the CHENG - ZHU Neo-Confucianism. The data show that Neo-Confucianism played an important role in the enrichment of his human nature, spirit, moral cultivation and political talent, making him a scholar in the Jin - Yuan dynasty, also shaping his medical ethics, medical skill and acupuncture-moxibustion theory...
February 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Heita Goto, John G Morris, Mary E Nevill
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of biological maturity on match performance in elite youth male soccer players. The participants were 80 Premier League Academy outfield players (8-16 years old). Biological maturity was determined by calculating estimated chronological age at peak height velocity. The U9 and U10 squads played 6-a-side and the U11-U16 squads played 11-a-side inter-academy matches. All matches were analyzed using a 1 Hz Global Positioning System (SPI elite, GPSport, Australia) with squad specific speed zones which were calculated based on 5 m flying sprint speed in the last 5 m of 10 m sprint test...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Lisa Musculus, Babett H Lobinger
Psychological characteristics, including personality traits and psychological skills, have been shown to be relevant predictors of soccer performance. In research, general and sport specific standardized self-report questionnaires have been applied in psychological diagnostics of sports talent. However, with regard to the assessment of psychological characteristics of talented soccer players, a gap between research and practice is apparent. While soccer clubs often ask their coaches to assess their players on self-designed, unevaluated scouting sheets, research widely neglects expert coaches' and clubs' perspectives on relevant performance characteristics...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Xin-Ran Tang, Ying-Qin Li, Shao-Bo Liang, Wei Jiang, Fang Liu, Wen-Xiu Ge, Ling-Long Tang, Yan-Ping Mao, Qing-Mei He, Xiao-Jing Yang, Yuan Zhang, Xin Wen, Jian Zhang, Ya-Qin Wang, Pan-Pan Zhang, Ying Sun, Jing-Ping Yun, Jing Zeng, Li Li, Li-Zhi Liu, Na Liu, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: Gene expression patterns can be used as prognostic biomarkers in various types of cancers. We aimed to identify a gene expression pattern for individual distant metastatic risk assessment in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. METHODS: In this multicentre, retrospective, cohort analysis, we included 937 patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma from three Chinese hospitals: the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, China), the Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University (Guilin, China), and the First People's Hospital of Foshan (Foshan, China)...
February 7, 2018: Lancet Oncology
Weitao Yang, Xiaoli Wu, Yan Dou, Jin Chang, Chenyang Xiang, Jiani Yu, Jun Wang, Xiuli Wang, Bingbo Zhang
Protein-mediated biomimetic nanoparticles because of simplicity of their synthesis, subdued nonspecific adsorption, improved pharmacokinetics, and biocompatibility have been receiving increasing attention recently. Nevertheless, only a handful of proteins have been developed for biomimetic synthesis. Worse still, most of them are constrained on single-function usages in chemistry. Exploring new functional proteins, especially those with multi-dentate moieties for multi-role biomimetic chemistry, still remains a substantial challenge...
February 3, 2018: Biomaterials
Jaak Jürimäe
For "The Year That Was 2017," I have selected 3 papers in the area of growth, maturation, and exercise during youth. The first paper has been chosen because it provides for the first time the relative age, maturation, and anthropometric biases on position allocation in elite youth soccer players participating in talent identification programs in professional soccer league. Specific anthropometrical attributes characterized playing positions with a bias toward these athletes who are comparatively tall and heavy for their age already in younger ages, whereas position-specific physical attributes do not become apparent until the later stages of talent development...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Ping Wang, Zhengnan Lu, Jihong Sun
Background: New energy has become a key trend for global energy industry development. Talent plays a very critical role in the enhancement of new energy enterprise competitiveness. As a key component of talent, managers have been attracting more and more attention. The increase in job performance relies on, to a certain extent, incentive mechanism. Based on the Two-factor Theory, differences in influences and effects of different incentives on management performance have been checked in this paper from an empirical perspective...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Craig A Williams
In 2017, considerable attention has been paid by researchers on early sports specialization for youth athletes. Issues related to injury, burnout, and talent development to name a few have been debated, particularly when contrasted against other opposing youth development approaches, such as a multisport approach. The increasing professionalization of young athletes, a particular concern of this author, is coupled with the ensuing physical and mental pressures on these youngsters, as highlighted by the 2 highlighted publications in this commentary...
February 8, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
K Takagi, K Miura, S Nakanuma, S Sakamoto, H Yamamoto, T Yagi, S Eguchi, T Ohta, T Wakai, M Ohtsuka, S Uemoto, M Kasahara, Y Inomata
BACKGROUND: There has been no public structured training program for transplant surgeons in Japan. However, such a program is crucial for optimizing liver transplant surgery and training young professionals in liver transplant surgery. A comprehensive training program was recently developed and the underlying concepts, structure and curriculum, and results of this program are described here. METHODS: We developed a 3-year training program in 2014 called the Six National University Consortium in Liver Transplant Professionals Training (SNUC-LT) program supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Mohammad Mehrtak, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Shahram Habibzadeh, Aziz Kamran, Hamed Zandian, Abdollah Mahdavi
Background: Developing and guiding new knowledge are futile unless the organizational culture can also be transformed. Future leaders cannot emerge out of an organizational environment that is not conducive to the accumulation of experiences. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the role of organizational culture in creating a succession-planning system at the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in 2014. Methods: The present qualitative framework analysis held interviews with 23 director generals, administrative directors and deputies from the headquarters of the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education in 2014 who were selected through snowball sampling...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
David T Hendry, A Mark Williams, Nicola J Hodges
Elite soccer players (~15 yr) from professional academies in the UK were rated on technical, tactical, physical and creative skills by coaches at time 1 (T1). Players estimated accumulated hours in soccer practice (coach-led activities) and play (self-led activities) during childhood. Coach-ratings were again collected 2.5 yr later (T2) for players that received a professional contract (~17 yr). Adult-professional status was determined at T3 (~ 20 yr). Skill ratings distinguished across the three "future" groups (academy-only, youth-professional only and adult-professional), for all but creative skill...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Michael Romann, Roland Rössler, Marie Javet, Oliver Faude
Relative age effects (RAE) generate consistent participation inequalities and selection biases in sports. The study aimed to investigate RAE across all sports of the national Swiss talent development programme (STDP). In this study, 18 859 youth athletes (female N = 5353; mean age: 14.8 ± 2.5 y and male N = 13 506; mean age: 14.4 ± 2.4 y) in 70 sports who participated in the 2014 competitive season were evaluated. The sample was subdivided by sex and the national level selection (NLS, N = 2464)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Sue Jensen, Sandra Zawalski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Professional Case Management
Steffi L Colyer, Keith A Stokes, James L J Bilzon, Danny Holdcroft, Aki I T Salo
Athletes initiating skeleton runs differ in the number of steps taken before loading the sled. We aimed to understand how experimentally modifying loading distance influenced sled velocity and overall start performance. Ten athletes (five elite, five talent; 67% of all national athletes) underwent two to four sessions, consisting of two dry-land push-starts in each of three conditions (preferred, long and short loading distances). A magnet encoder on the sled wheel provided velocity profiles and the overall performance measure (sled acceleration index)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
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