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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#1
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119872/adapting-operational-research-training-to-the-rwandan-context-the-intermediate-operational-research-training-programme
#2
Jackline Odhiambo, Cheryl L Amoroso, Peter Barebwanuwe, Christine Warugaba, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier
BACKGROUND: Promoting national health research agendas in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) requires adequate numbers of individuals with skills to initiate and conduct research. Recently, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have joined research capacity building efforts to increase research leadership by LMIC nationals. Partners In Health, an international NGO operating in Rwanda, implemented its first Intermediate Operational Research Training (IORT) course to cultivate Rwandan research talent and generate evidence to improve health care delivery...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117452/influence-of-population-size-density-and-proximity-to-talent-clubs-on-the-likelihood-of-becoming-elite-youth-athlete
#3
Niels N Rossing, Diana Stentoft, Alexander Flattum, Jean Côté, Dan S Karbing
Previous studies have found significant differences in the likelihood of becoming an elite athlete depending on community population sizes and densities, an effect known as the place of early development, or birthplace effect. However, the results have not been consistent between sports or European countries. Since both professional and voluntary clubs are vital to the talent development systems in Europe, the proximity of an athlete's place of early development to the location of talent clubs may be an important predictor of the likelihood of becoming an elite athlete...
November 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104704/biomedical-big-data-training-collaborative-bbdtc-an-effort-to-bridge-the-talent-gap-in-biomedical-science-and-research
#4
Shweta Purawat, Charles Cowart, Rommie E Amaro, Ilkay Altintas
The BBDTC (https://biobigdata.ucsd.edu) is a community-oriented platform to encourage high-quality knowledge dissemination with the aim of growing a well-informed biomedical big data community through collaborative efforts on training and education. The BBDTC is an e-learning platform that empowers the biomedical community to develop, launch and share open training materials. It deploys hands-on software training toolboxes through virtualization technologies such as Amazon EC2 and Virtualbox. The BBDTC facilitates migration of courses across other course management platforms...
May 2017: Journal of Computational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094958/minimizing-cross-cultural-maladaptation-how-minority-status-facilitates-change-in-international-acculturation
#5
Sabrina D Volpone, Dennis J Marquardt, Wendy J Casper, Derek R Avery
Culturally savvy organizations recognize that selecting and developing people who can be effective in a global workforce is important in today's business environment. Nevertheless, many companies struggle to identify and develop talent who are happy and successful working and living outside their home country. We examine 1 factor that may foster success in a host country-minority status in 1's home country-as a predictor of change in acculturation over time. Specifically, we draw on the conservation of resources model to suggest that international students who have been a member of more minority groups in their home country have unique experiences working with dissimilar others that offer advantages when acculturating to new cultures and novel situations...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082464/tanner-whitehouse-skeletal-ages-in-male-youth-soccer-players-tw2-or-tw3
#6
Robert M Malina, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, António J Figueiredo, Renaat M Philippaerts, Norikazu Hirose, Maria Eugenia Peña Reyes, Giulio Gilli, Andrea Benso, Roel Vaeyens, Dieter Deprez, Luiz F Guglielmo, Rojapon Buranarugsa
BACKGROUND: The Tanner-Whitehouse radius-ulna-short bone protocol (TW2 RUS) for the assessment of skeletal age (SA) is widely used to estimate the biological (skeletal) maturity status of children and adolescents. The scale for converting TW RUS ratings to an SA has been revised (TW3 RUS) and has implications for studies of youth athletes in age-group sports. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare TW2 and TW3 RUS SAs in an international sample of male youth soccer players and to compare distributions of players by maturity status defined by each SA protocol...
October 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078594/challenges-in-complex-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-and-spontaneous-respiration-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-procedures
#7
REVIEW
Jingpei Li, Hui Liu, Jun Liu, Xusen Zou, Lili Mo, Hui Pan, Guilin Peng, Wenlong Shao, Lindsey Hamblin, Lixia Liang, Qinglong Dong, Jianxing He
The push for minimally invasive techniques had led to the development of many surgical tools and the innovation and completion of ever more complex operations. To achieve faster postoperative recovery of patients, we have been dedicated to the development of surgical skills that have allowed us to successfully complete many procedures under video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) that are complex even with open approach. Specifically, sleeve, trachea, and carina resections and reconstructions using either general or spontaneous respiration anesthesia (SRA) techniques...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076994/using-the-d-danp-mv-model-to-explore-the-continuous-system-improvement-strategy-for-sustainable-development-of-creative-communities
#8
Lei Xiong, Cheng-Lein Teng, Bo-Wei Zhu, Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng, Shan-Lin Huang
With globalization, the notion of "creative city" has become a core concept of many cities in the world development policies, with real properties being upgraded or used to change, renewal is being conducted, and creative industries are emerging. This trend has reached its peak in the past decade, with different forms and scales gathering global development momentum among the creative communities to promote the development of creative economies. In recent years, however, there was still skepticism about the sustainability of the current creative communities...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074344/a-comparison-of-game-play-characteristics-between-elite-youth-and-senior-australian-national-rugby-league-competitions
#9
Carl T Woods, Sam Robertson, Wade H Sinclair, Kevin Till, Leesa Pearce, Anthony S Leicht
OBJECTIVES: To compare game-play characteristics between elite youth and senior Australian National Rugby League (NRL) competitions. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational. METHODS: The dataset consisted of 12 team performance indicators (e.g., 'all runs', 'offloads' and 'tackles') extracted from all 2016 national under 20 (U20) competition (elite youth; n=372 observations) and National Rugby League (NRL) (elite senior; n=378 observations) matches...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052388/-comparison-of-development-condition-of-different-liriope-spicata-seedlings
#10
Yue Wang, He Su, Yan-Ting Zhan, Yang Yang, Xue-Hui Dong
The study identified the main morphological index of the seedlings classification including seedling age,the root width and number of newborn buds and coarse roots, according to the local agricultural production techniques and assessment of Liriope spicata's growth and development condition. After carrying on K cluster analysis of the morphological, we separated the seedlings into two levels. The first level (Ⅰ): the new talent with the root width exceeding two point five millimeters, the new born buds exceeding three, and with the coarse root exceeding one...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031925/attributes-of-excellent-surgical-trainers-an-analysis-of-outstanding-trainers
#11
EDITORIAL
P A Sutton, A J Beamish, S Rashid, E Elsey, H M Mohan, D O'Regan
Excellent surgical trainers play a key role in teaching, mentoring and inspiring the next generation of trainee surgeons. Although there are differences in approach, personality and technique among trainers, common themes exist for those that truly shine as examples of good training. The good surgical trainer has long been the "unsung hero" of patient safety, inspiring and imparting wisdom and skill in trainee surgeons, and instilling a sense of confidence and compassion. In order to recognise exceptional trainers, the Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT) introduced the Silver Scalpel Award in 2000...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031469/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-2-decision-making-under-physical-performance-pressure-in-subelite-athletes
#12
Beth L Parkin, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: Having investigated the influence of acute physical exhaustion on decision-making in world-class elite athletes in Parkin et al. (2017), here a similar method is applied to subelite athletes. These subelite athletes were enrolled on a Team GB talent development program and were undergoing training for possible Olympic competition in 4-8 years. They differ from elite athletes examined previously according to expertise and age. While considered elite (Swann et al., 2015), the subelite athletes had approximately 8 years fewer sporting experience and were yet to obtain sustained success on the international stage...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017656/-development-and-construction-mode-of-critical-care-medicine-22-years-of-development-and-construction-of-intensive-care-units-of-guizhou-medical-university
#13
Difen Wang, Ying Liu, Jiangquan Fu, Yuanyi Liu, Yumei Cheng, Ying Wang, Liang Li, Ming Liu, Yan Tang, Feng Shen, Xu Liu, Jia Yuan, Xianjun Chen, Hongying Bi, Hongxia Wang, Wei Li, Qimin Chen, Cui Wang
OBJECTIVE: To provide decision-making basis for promoting the rapid and healthy development of critical care medicine/intensive care unit (ICU) through discussing the mode of development and construction of the department of ICU. METHODS: The situations of ICU of Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from July 1994 to December 2016 were analyzed and summed up. Data of the situations in different development stages included the location and area of the ward, the number of beds, the number of physicians and nurses, the structure of academic titles and educational levels, the number of patients admitted to ICU per year, the proportion of patients used ventilator per year, the mortality, the mode of the discipline management, the number of medical postgraduates and undergraduates trained in the ICU, the number of teaching hours, the achievements, the number of research projects, the number of published monographs and papers, the number of the multicenter trials that we participated in, the construction of the team, the personal honor, and so on...
October 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954361/-introduction-and-development-of-modern-western-medicine-into-chaoshan-chaozhou-shantou-area
#14
J H Wang
Shantou was opened officially in 1861. Willian Gauld, a doctor of British Presbyterian arrived in Shantou in 1863 topractisemedicine and missionary work, and set up the Medical Missionary Hospital. Since then, western medicine began to enter the Chaoshan area. Hereafter, the American Baptists, the Japanese Hakuai Society and the French Catholic Church also entered successively into the Chaoshan area, and the hospitals of western medicine were founded. At the same time, local organizations and individuals of the Chaoshan area also established western medical institutions...
July 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948724/-teaching-research-of-molecular-pharmacognosy-for-talent-development-in-industry-of-chinese-medicinal-materials-under-new-situation
#15
Wan-Li Guo, Zhe-Chen Qi, Xiao-Dan Zhang, Qing Sheng, Zong-Suo Liang
The industry of Chinese medicinal materials is going through another high-level development stage with some important files issued by Chinese government in the past months, such as "the protection and development plans of Chinese medicinal materials (2015-2020)" and "the strategic development plans of Chinese medicine (2016-2030)". In addition, the effect of "TU Youyou" will not only improve the industry development, but also indicates the increasing international competition intensely. Therefore, one of the core problems of the sustainable-development industry is the training of senior talents under the "New Situation" with opportunity and intense competition...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941992/nano-delivery-system-targeting-to-cancer-stem-cell-cluster-of-differentiation-biomarkers
#16
REVIEW
Ahad Mokhtarzadeh, Soodabeh Hassanpour, Zahra Farajzadeh Vahid, Maryam Hejazi, Maryam Hashemi, Javad Ranjbari, Maryam Tabarzad, Saeed Noorolyai, Miguel de la Guardia
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are one of the most important origins of cancer progression and metastasis. CSCs have unique self-renewal properties and diverse cell membrane receptors that induced the resistance to the conventional chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, the therapeutic removal of CSCs could result in the cancer cure with lack of recurrence and metastasis. In this regard, targeting CSCs in accordance to their specific biomarkers is a talented attitude in cancer therapy. Various CSCs surface biomarkers have been described, which some of them exhibited similarities on different cancer cell types, while the others are cancer specific and have just been reported on one or a few types of cancers...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929858/partnering-to-develop-a-talent-pipeline-for-emerging-health-leaders-in-operations-research
#17
Alfred Ng, Carly Henshaw, Michael Carter
In initiating its first central office for Quality Improvement (QI), The Scarborough Hospital (TSH) sought to accelerate momentum towards achieving its "Quality and Sustainability" strategic priority by building internal capacity in the emerging QI specialty of operations research. The Scarborough Hospital reviewed existing models of talent management in conjunction with Lean and improvement philosophies. Through simple guiding principles and in collaboration with the University of Toronto's Centre for Healthcare Engineering, TSH developed a targeted approach to talent management for Operations Research (OR) in the Office of Innovation and Performance Improvement, reduced the time from staffing need to onboarding, accelerated the development of new staff in delivering QI and OR projects, and defined new structures and processes to retain and develop this group of new emerging health leaders...
May 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905355/revealing-hidden-talents-the-development-use-and-benefit-of-vesparch
#18
Julia R Badger, Jane Mellanby
BACKGROUND: School attainment tests and Cognitive Abilities Tests are used in the United Kingdom to set targets for educational outcome. Whilst these are good predictors, they depend not only on basic ability but also on learnt knowledge and skills, such as reading. METHOD AND AIMS: VESPARCH is an online group test of verbal and spatial reasoning, which we propose gives a measure that more closely approximates to basic ability - fluid intelligence. The verbal test contains highly familiar words, does not require the child to read them, is untimed, and provides detailed feedback on five practice questions for each part of the test...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901201/sex-differences-in-balance-among-alpine-ski-racers-cross-sectional-age-comparisons
#19
Christian Raschner, Carolin Hildebrandt, Johanna Mohr, Lisa Müller
Although balance is a key ability in the strength demands of alpine ski racing, affecting both performance and injury prevention, few studies have examined balance or related sex differences among still-maturing athletes. In this 10-year study, we investigated cross-sectional balance performances at different age periods of a representative sample of over 500 11-18-year-old elite skiers of both genders. Participants performed balance tests using the MFT S3-Check. Left-right and forward-backward movements were used to calculate sensory and symmetry balance scores, which were both incorporated into a stability score...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898650/wilhelm-hofmeister-and-the-foundations-of-plant-science
#20
EDITORIAL
Cyrus Martin
On January 12(th) 1877, the Grim Reaper visited Wilhelm Hofmeister (Figure 1) for the last time. Having recently witnessed the death of a wife, two daughters, and two sons (only two of his nine children survived him), the German botanist, perhaps succumbing to the weight of his own grief, suffered a series of strokes and then promptly died at the age of 52 in Lindenau, Germany. He has since faded into the dusty annals of 19(th) century botany, his contributions to our knowledge about plants, how they come into being, develop and interact with their environment, mostly forgotten...
September 11, 2017: Current Biology: CB
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