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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340242/insertion-of-miniaturized-cardiac-monitors-outside-the-catheter-operating-room-experience-and-practical-advice
#1
Jan Steffel, David Jay Wright, Harald Schäfer, Tabinda Rashid-Fadel, Thorsten Lewalter
Minor surgical procedures are increasingly being performed as outpatient procedures in settings outside hospital operating rooms (ORs). In electrophysiology, the recent miniaturization of insertable cardiac monitors (ICMs) has enabled the routine insertion of the device as a minimally invasive procedure without the need of a catheter OR. However, a shift to office-based environments for minor surgical procedures is associated with some concerns, particularly with respect to patient- and procedure-related safety in the new setting...
March 17, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339987/is-a-500-cell-bone-marrow-differential-count-necessary
#2
Kirtesh Patel, Geoffrey Smith, David Koch, Sarah Sivers, David Jaye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339871/cd303-positive-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-in-mycobacteria-associated-granulomatous-inflammation
#3
Andres Moon, Eileen Burd, David Jaye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339658/acute-cell-volume-regulation-by-janus-kinase-2-mediated-sodium-hydrogen-exchange-activation-develops-at-the-late-one-cell-stage-in-mouse-preimplantation-embryos%C3%A2
#4
Baozeng Xu, Chenxi Zhou, Megan Meredith, Jay M Baltz
Early preimplantation embryos are extremely sensitive to dysregulation of cell volume, which can lead to developmental arrest. It was previously shown that mouse embryos at the two-cell stage respond to a cell volume decrease by quickly activating Na+/H+ exchange via a signaling mechanism that involves the tyrosine kinase Janus kinase 2 (JAK2). However, it was not known whether this mechanism is active at the one-cell stage, when embryos are most sensitive to perturbed cell volume. Na+/H+ exchanger activity elicited by an induced cell volume decrease was significantly lower at the mid one-cell stage than at the late one-cell stage or during the two-cell stage...
February 17, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333876/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenges
#5
Mark E Seamone, Netan Choudhry, John Golding, Bryen Turco, R Rishi Gupta, Jay S Duker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333632/enhanced-just-noticeable-difference-model-for-images-with-pattern-complexity
#6
Jinjian Wu, Leida Li, Weisheng Dong, Guangming Shi, Weisi Lin, C-C Jay Kuo
The just noticeable difference (JND) in an image, which reveals the visibility limitation of the human visual system (HVS), is widely used for visual redundancy estimation in signal processing. To determine the JND threshold with the current schemes, the spatial masking effect is estimated as the contrast masking, and this cannot accurately account for the complicated interaction among visual contents. Research on cognitive science indicates that the HVS is highly adapted to extract the repeated patterns for visual content representation...
March 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333499/are-applicants-more-likely-to-quit-longer-assessments-examining-the-effect-of-assessment-length-on-applicant-attrition-behavior
#7
Jay H Hardy, Carter Gibson, Matthew Sloan, Alison Carr
Conventional wisdom suggests that assessment length is positively related to the rate at which applicants opt out of the assessment phase. However, restricting assessment length can negatively impact the utility of a selection system by reducing the reliability of its construct scores and constraining coverage of the relevant criterion domain. Given the costly nature of these tradeoffs, is it better for managers to prioritize (a) shortening assessments to reduce applicant attrition rates or (b) ensuring optimal reliability and validity of their assessment scores? In the present study, we use data from 222,772 job-seekers nested within 69 selection systems to challenge the popular notion that selection system length predicts applicant attrition behavior...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333019/a-comparison-between-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-with-or-without-androgen-deprivation-external-beam-radiation-therapy-with-or-without-androgen-deprivation-and-radical-prostatectomy-with-or-without-adjuvant-or-salvage-radiation-therapy-for-high-risk-prostate
#8
Jay P Ciezki, Michael Weller, Chandana A Reddy, Jeffrey Kittel, Harguneet Singh, Rahul Tendulkar, Kevin L Stephans, James Ulchaker, Kenneth Angermeier, Andrew Stephenson, Steven Campbell, Georges-Pascal Haber, Eric A Klein
PURPOSE: We compare the efficacy and toxicity among the 3 major modalities available used to treat high-risk prostate cancer (HRCaP). METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 1996 to 2012, 2557 HRCaP patients were treated: 734 received external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) with or without androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), 515 received low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy (LDR) with or without ADT, and 1308 received radical prostatectomy (RP) with or without EBRT. Biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS), clinical relapse-free survival (cRFS), and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) were assessed...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333010/quantitative-assessment-of-breast-cosmetic-outcome-after-whole-breast-irradiation
#9
Jay P Reddy, Xiudong Lei, Sheng-Cheng Huang, Krista M Nicklaus, Michelle C Fingeret, Simona F Shaitelman, Kelly K Hunt, Thomas A Buchholz, Fatima Merchant, Mia K Markey, Benjamin D Smith
PURPOSE: To measure, by quantitative analysis of digital photographs, breast cosmetic outcome within the setting of a randomized trial of conventionally fractionated (CF) and hypofractionated (HF) whole-breast irradiation (WBI), to identify how quantitative cosmesis metrics were associated with patient- and physician-reported cosmesis and whether they differed by treatment arm. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2011 to 2014, 287 women aged ≥40 with ductal carcinoma in situ or early invasive breast cancer were randomized to HF-WBI (42...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331897/erosive-pustular-dermatosis-of-the-scalp-after-contact-dermatitis-from-a-prosthetic-hair-piece
#10
Jay S Herbst, Alexander T Herbst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331552/bioenergy-production-and-sustainable-development-science-base-for-policymaking-remains-limited
#11
REVIEW
Carmenza Robledo-Abad, Hans-Jörg Althaus, Göran Berndes, Simon Bolwig, Esteve Corbera, Felix Creutzig, John Garcia-Ulloa, Anna Geddes, Jay S Gregg, Helmut Haberl, Susanne Hanger, Richard J Harper, Carol Hunsberger, Rasmus K Larsen, Christian Lauk, Stefan Leitner, Johan Lilliestam, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Bart Muys, Maria Nordborg, Maria Ölund, Boris Orlowsky, Alexander Popp, Joana Portugal-Pereira, Jürgen Reinhard, Lena Scheiffle, Pete Smith
The possibility of using bioenergy as a climate change mitigation measure has sparked a discussion of whether and how bioenergy production contributes to sustainable development. We undertook a systematic review of the scientific literature to illuminate this relationship and found a limited scientific basis for policymaking. Our results indicate that knowledge on the sustainable development impacts of bioenergy production is concentrated in a few well-studied countries, focuses on environmental and economic impacts, and mostly relates to dedicated agricultural biomass plantations...
March 2017: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329895/using-a-state-birth-registry-as-a-quality-improvement-tool
#12
Carole Lannon, Heather C Kaplan, Kelly Friar, Sandra Fuller, Susan Ford, Beth White, John Besl, John Paulson, Michael Marcotte, Michael Krew, Jennifer Bailit, Jay Iams
Background Birth registry data are universally collected, generating large administrative datasets. However, these data are typically not used for quality improvement (QI) initiatives in perinatal medicine because the quality and timeliness of the information is uncertain. Objective We sought to identify and address causes of inaccuracy in recording birth registry information so that birth registry data could support statewide obstetrical quality initiatives in Ohio. Study Design The Ohio Perinatal Quality Collaborative and the Ohio Department of Health Vital Statistics used QI techniques in 15 medium-sized maternity hospitals to identify and remove systemic sources of inaccuracy in birth registry data...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329205/regarding-twitter-as-a-potential-data-source-for-cardiovascular-disease-research
#13
R Jay Widmer, Suraj Kapa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328309/ibpro-a-novel-short-duration-teaching-course-in-advanced-physics-and-biology-underlying-cancer-radiotherapy
#14
Michael C Joiner, Monica W Tracey, Sara E Kacin, Jay W Burmeister
This article provides a summary and status report of the ongoing advanced education program IBPRO - Integrated course in Biology and Physics of Radiation Oncology. IBPRO is a five-year program funded by NCI. It addresses the recognized deficiency in the number of mentors available who have the required knowledge and skill to provide the teaching and training that is required for future radiation oncologists and researchers in radiation sciences. Each year, IBPRO brings together 50 attendees typically at assistant professor level and upwards, who are already qualified/certified radiation oncologists, medical physicists or biologists...
March 22, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327941/degree-of-vascular-encasement-in-sphenoid-wing-meningiomas-predicts-postoperative-ischemic-complications
#15
D Jay McCracken, Raymond A Higginbotham, Jason H Boulter, Yuan Liu, John A Wells, Sameer H Halani, Amit M Saindane, Nelson M Oyesiku, Daniel L Barrow, Jeffrey J Olson
BACKGROUND: Sphenoid wing meningiomas (SWMs) can encase arteries of the circle of Willis, increasing their susceptibility to intraoperative vascular injury and severe ischemic complications. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the effect of circumferential vascular encasement in SWM on postoperative ischemia. METHODS: A retrospective review of 75 patients surgically treated for SWM from 2009 to 2015 was undertaken to determine the degree of circumferential vascular encasement (0°-360°) as assessed by preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
January 28, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327915/vascularized-fibular-strut-autografts-in-spinal-reconstruction-after-resection-of-vertebral-chordoma-or-chondrosarcoma-a-retrospective-series
#16
Vijay Yanamadala, Peter A Rozman, Jay I Kumar, Joseph H Schwab, Sang-Gil Lee, Francis J Hornicek, William T Curry
BACKGROUND: Margin-free en bloc resection is the best medical practice for primary vertebral chordoma and chondrosarcoma. Spinal reconstruction following total spondylectomy requires reconstructive interbody graft (allograft, devascularized autograft, vascularized autograft, or cage constructs) and instrumentation. An important consideration when choosing grafts and instrumentation is the durability and the long-term success of the fusion without subsidence. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential use of vascularized fibular autograft as a reconstructive strategy after en bloc resection...
January 13, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327655/thin-film-metallic-glass-an-effective-diffusion-barrier-for-se-doped-agsbte2-thermoelectric-modules
#17
Chia-Chi Yu, Hsin-Jay Wu, Ping-Yuan Deng, Matthias T Agne, G Jeffrey Snyder, Jinn P Chu
The thermal stability of joints in thermoelectric (TE) modules, which are degraded during interdiffusion between the TE material and the contacting metal, needs to be addressed in order to utilize TE technology for competitive, sustainable energy applications. Herein, we deposit a 200 nm-thick Zr-based thin-film metallic glass (TFMG), which acts as an effective diffusion barrier layer with low electrical contact resistivity, on a high-zT Se-doped AgSbTe2 substrate. The reaction couples structured with TFMG/TE are annealed at 673 K for 8-360 hours and analyzed by electron microscopy...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327578/partial-support-for-the-central-marginal-hypothesis-within-a-population-reduced-genetic-diversity-but-not-increased-differentiation-at-the-range-edge-of-an-island-endemic-bird
#18
K M Langin, T S Sillett, W C Funk, S A Morrison, C K Ghalambor
Large-scale population comparisons have contributed to our understanding of the evolution of geographic range limits and species boundaries, as well as the conservation value of populations at range margins. The central-marginal hypothesis (CMH) predicts a decline in genetic diversity and an increase in genetic differentiation toward the periphery of species' ranges due to spatial variation in genetic drift and gene flow. Empirical studies on a diverse array of taxa have demonstrated support for the CMH. However, nearly all such studies come from widely distributed species, and have not considered if the same processes can be scaled down to single populations...
March 22, 2017: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327363/jay-l-grosfeld-md-may-1935-october-2016
#19
James A O'Neill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327200/a-first-in-human-phase-1-study-of-a-hepcidin-monoclonal-antibody-ly2787106-in-cancer-associated-anemia
#20
Saroj Vadhan-Raj, Rafat Abonour, Jonathan W Goldman, David A Smith, Christopher A Slapak, Robert L Ilaria, Ramon V Tiu, Xuejing Wang, Sophie Callies, Joanne Cox, Jay L Tuttle, Yiu-Keung Lau, Eric J Roeland
BACKGROUND: Hepcidin plays a central role in iron homeostasis and erythropoiesis. Neutralizing hepcidin with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) may prevent ferroportin internalization, restore iron efflux from cells, and allow transferrin-mediated iron transport to the bone marrow. This multicenter, phase 1 study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and efficacy of a fully humanized mAb (LY2787106) with high affinity for hepcidin in cancer patients with anemia...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
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