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TIPS liver cirrhosis

Václav Hejda
Cirrhosis is the end stage of progressive development of different liver diseases and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates. Cirrhosis is associated with a number of potential complications, in particular with development of portal hypertension. Portal hypertension with the production of ascites, hepatic and gastric varices bleeding in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, presents the breakpoint in the natural course of cirrhosis, and it is associated with a considerably worse prognosis of patients, with a dramatically increased risk of mortality...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Tea L Laursen, Sidsel Rødgaard-Hansen, Holger J Møller, Christian Mortensen, Stine Karlsen, Dennis T Nielsen, Susanne Frevert, Jens O Clemmesen, Søren Møller, Jørgen S Jensen, Flemming Bendtsen, Henning Grønbaek
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intestinal bacterial translocation is involved in activation of liver macrophages in cirrhotic patients. Macrophages play a key role in liver inflammation and are involved in the pathogenesis of cirrhosis and complications. Bacterial translocation may be determined by presence of bacterial DNA and macrophage activation, by the soluble mannose receptor. We hypothesize that the soluble mannose receptor is released from hepatic macrophages in cirrhosis and associated with bacterial DNA, portal pressure and complications...
October 5, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
T Stuber, B Schmitz, H J Brambs
Introduction: Portal hypertension may lead to severe esophageal or rectal variceal bleeding. Case report: We present a case of a 67-year-old patient presenting with recurrent rectal variceal bleeding who was non-responsive to endoscopic treatment. We are reporting on an interventional therapeutic approach found in interdisciplinary consensus. Discussion: Endoscopy, surgery or TIPS (transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt) can be performed in patients with gastrointestinal bleeding due to portal hypertension in liver cirrhosis...
October 5, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
M Buechter, J M Theysohn, A Kahraman, P Manka, G Gerken, A Canbay, A Dechêne
Background: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is considered the gold standard for treatment of gastrointestinal variceal bleeding refractory to endoscopic therapy in patients with portal hypertension. Clinically relevant hemorrhage from rectal varices is less frequent than from other sources, and the therapeutic role of TIPS is still ambiguous. Case report: A 57-year-old female patient was referred to us in December 2015 with severe signs of decompensated alcohol-induced liver cirrhosis. During hospitalization, she presented with recurrent hematochezia from rectal varices following electrosurgical snare removal of a rectal adenoma...
October 5, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
Luis Lizardo-Sanchez, James Burdick, James F Trotter
Gastric variceal bleeding is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in patients with portal hypertension and cirrhosis. Options are limited for patients who are not candidates for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS). Cyanoacrylate injections have been reported to be efficacious in previous case series. The aim of this retrospective study was to report our single-center experience with the safety and efficacy of 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate in patients who were not TIPS candidates. Electronic medical records were reviewed for 16 patients who underwent a total of 18 esophagogastroduodenoscopies for acute gastric or duodenal variceal bleeding and secondary prophylaxis of gastric varices; 14 patients had cirrhosis with an average Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score of 16, and 2 patients had noncirrhotic portal hypertension...
October 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Christophe Bureau, Dominique Thabut, Frédéric Oberti, Sébastien Dharancy, Nicolas Carbonell, Antoine Bouvier, Philippe Mathurin, Philippe Otal, Pauline Cabarrou, Jean Marie Péron, Jean Pierre Vinel
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is controversy over the ability of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) to increase survival times of patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites. The high rate of shunt dysfunction with the use of uncovered stents counteracts the benefits of TIPS. We performed a randomized controlled trial to determine the effects of TIPS with stents covered with polytetrafluoroethylene in these patients. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 62 patients with cirrhosis and at least 2 large volume paracenteses within a period of at least 3 weeks; the study was performed at 4 tertiary care centers in France from August 2005 through December 2012...
September 20, 2016: Gastroenterology
Mengfei Zhao, Zhendong Yue, Hongwei Zhao, Lei Wang, Zhenhua Fan, Fuliang He, Jiannan Yao, Xiaoqun Dong, Fuquan Liu
The patients of liver cirrhosis associated with portal vein thrombosis (PVT) can be effectively treated by transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPS). Although the corresponding TIPS procedures have already performed on the patients to different types of PVT, the procedures are not specific and the relationship between different types of PVT and technical success rate of TIPS is unclear. What's more, we aimed to explore the relationship between survival and vascular patency immediately after TIPS...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jason T Salsamendi, Francisco J Gortes, Michelle Shnayder, Mehul H Doshi, Ji Fan, Govindarajan Narayanan
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a potential complication of cirrhosis and can worsen outcomes after liver transplant (LT). Portal vein reconstruction-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (PVR-TIPS) can restore flow through the portal vein (PV) and facilitate LT by avoiding complex vascular conduits. We present a case of transsplenic PVR-TIPS in the setting of complete PVT and splenic vein (SV) thrombosis. The patient had a 3-year history of PVT complicated by abdominal pain, ascites, and paraesophageal varices...
September 2016: Radiology case reports
Claus Christian Pieper, Christian Jansen, Carsten Meyer, Jennifer Nadal, Jennifer Lehmann, Hans Heinz Schild, Jonel Trebicka, Daniel Thomas
PURPOSE: To prospectively investigate early expansion kinetics of underdilated self-expanding stent grafts used for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients (7 female; mean age 66 y; range, 31-80 y) with liver cirrhosis undergoing TIPS creation for variceal bleeding (n = 5), refractory ascites (n = 14), or both (n = 1) with underdilation of 10-mm stent grafts received two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound (US) examinations immediately after TIPS creation and 1 and 6 weeks later...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Peng Deng, Biao Zhou, Xiao Li
UNLABELLED:  Introducción and aim. To investigate and identify the risk factors associated with early infection following a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS)procedure in perioperative period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The interventional radiology database at the West China Hospital in Sichuan, China was reviewed to identify all patients that underwent a TIPS procedure between January 30, 2013 and August 30, 2015. Four hundred and sixty-six TIPS patients with liver cirrhosis were enrolled in this study...
September 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Noriaki Kameyama, Norihiro Kishida, Yuki Seo, Satoshi Tabuchi, Toshiki Yamashita
Single-port laparoscopic surgery is gaining increased attention because of its superiority in terms of cosmesis. A 1.5 cm vertical transumbilical incision is used for the single port, which is created by the glove method. We began applying single-port surgery to hernia repair in 2010, at which time we used the transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) approach. We began applying the totally extraperitoneal peritoneal (TEP) approach in 2013. Single-port TEP repair is now our standard procedure for inguinal hernia repair, and we consider it to be indicated for all cases of inguinal hernia unless the hernia has occurred during pregnancy, the patient is assigned to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class 3/4, or ascites due to liver cirrhosis is present...
July 29, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Ashish Bavdekar, Nitin Thakur
Ascites is an accumulation of serous fluid within the peritoneal cavity. It is the most common complication of liver cirrhosis. In children, hepatic, renal and cardiac disorders are the most common causes. Portal hypertension and sodium and fluid retention are key factors in the pathophysiology of ascites. Peripheral arterial vasodilatation hypothesis is the most accepted mechanism for inappropriate sodium retention and formation of ascites. Diagnostic paracentesis is indicated in children with newly diagnosed ascites and in children with suspected complications of ascites...
June 9, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Jean-François Cadranel, Armand Garioud, Hortensia Lison, Mourad Medmoun, Thierry Thevenot
Hydrothorax liver is defined by the presence of pleural effusion greater than 500mL secondary to portal hypertension in cirrhotic patients. Poor tolerance of hepatic hydrothorax makes the therapeutic management of these fragile patients and is associated with iatrogenic complications. The mechanism of hydrothorax formation cirrhosis is due to a unidirectional transfer of the abdominal ascites through the diaphragmatic gaps (that were identified macroscopically and microscopically) in the pleural cavity. The treatment of hepatic hydrothorax is determined by the possibility or not of liver transplantation...
May 27, 2016: La Presse Médicale
Monique Dieuvil, John Malaty
A 49-year-old woman with a medical history of alcoholic cirrhosis status post-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (post-TIPS) in 2012, and ongoing alcohol abuse, presented to the hospital, with haematuria. CT intravenous pyelogram (IVP) was normal except for 'a large intrahepatic cystic mass adjacent to the TIPS, causing intrahepatic biliary duct dilation'. The patient also presented with acute encephalopathy, jaundice, right upper quadrant abdominal pain and hyperbilirubinaemia (total bilirubin of 8...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Mona Ascha, Mohamad Hanouneh, Mustafa S Ascha, Nizar N Zein, Mark Sands, Rocio Lopez, Ibrahim A Hanouneh
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether transjugular intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt (TIPS) is safe in patients with advanced liver cirrhosis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of TIPS on transplant-free survival in patients with liver cirrhosis and MELD score ≥15. METHODS: All adult patients who underwent TIPS at our institution between 2004 and 2011 were identified (N = 470). A total of 144 patients had MELD ≥15 at the time of TIPS. These patients were matched 1:1 to patients with liver cirrhosis who did not undergo TIPS based on age and MELD score using the greedy algorithm...
May 6, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Eunyoung Kim, Sung Won Lee, Woo Hyeon Kim, Si Hyun Bae, Nam Ik Han, Jung Suk Oh, Ho Jong Chun, Hae Giu Lee
A 43-year-old man with liver cirrhosis received transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for the treatment of recurrent variceal bleeding and F3 esophageal varices. During routine follow up liver ultrasound examination, six months after the implantation, TIPS occlusion was suspected and TIPS revision was performed. During the revision, moderate to severe stenosis at the hepatic venous segment of the tract and a total occlusion at the parenchymal segment of TIPS tract near the portal vein with biliary-TIPS fistula were identified with a clear visualization of the common bile duct...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Radan Brůha, Jaromír Petrtýl
Liver cirrhosis is a serious disease shortening the life expectancy. Unavoidable consequence of cirrhosis is portal hypertension, which usually limits the prognosis by its complications. Portal hypertension is a prognostic factor for cirrhosis decompensation, variceal bleeding and even the mortality in cirrhotic patients. In the evaluation of portal hypertension hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurement is used.Measurement of HVPG is used in clinical praxis in these situations: diagnosis of portal hypertension, evaluation of prognosis of patients with cirrhosis, monitoring the treatment efficacy in the prevention of variceal bleeding, management of acute variceal bleeding...
2016: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Andrea Mancuso
BACKGROUND: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a complication of cirrhosis. However, whether PVT worsens cirrhosis outcome is a debated issue. AIM: To report an update on the management of PVT. METHODS: A review was performed on the outcome, prevention, and treatment of PVT. RESULTS: Some studies suggest that PVT could worsen the rate of hepatic decompensation and survival of cirrhosis, whereas others report a non-negative impact of PVT in the outcome of cirrhosis...
July 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Dominik Ketelsen, Gerd Groezinger, Michael Maurer, Ulrich M Lauer, Ulrich Grosse, Marius Horger, Konstantin Nikolaou, Roland Syha
OBJECTIVES: Establishment of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) constitutes a standard procedure in patients suffering from portal hypertension. The most difficult step in TIPS placement is blind puncture of the portal vein. This study aimed to evaluate three-dimensional mapping of portal vein branches and targeted puncture of the portal vein. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients suffering from refractory ascites by liver cirrhosis were included in this retrospective study to evaluate feasibility, technical success and procedural time of C-arm CT-targeted puncture of the portal vein...
April 5, 2016: European Radiology
Sara Campos, Dário Gomes, Carlos Sofia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic hydrothorax is a rare complication of portal hypertension, but may be potentially severe. Although conservative therapy may be effective, it is not without risk and refractory cases are not rare. The portal decompression achieved by transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) has shown positive results in the treatment of refractory ascites, and in that sense, the analysis of their value in other complications of portal hypertension becomes relevant...
June 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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