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Melissa Greenwald
In 2016, the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) posted a 5-tier rating system intended to provide patient-friendly, granular information regarding one-year patient and graft transplant outcomes. To that end, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality best practices in communicating healthcare quality information recommendations were applied (1). The proposed rating system, and the optimal presentation of ratings, has been subsequently the focus of a wide-ranging conversation within the organ donation and transplantation communities...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: Healthcare communications directed toward the disadvantaged have the potential to elevate the health status of these underprivileged and highly-challenged individuals. From conveying advice which encourages healthy lifestyles to communicating the location and availability of various medical resources, healthier lives and communities can be realized. Success on this front first requires establishing an effective communications link, something that is made more difficult as communications options available to the disadvantaged are more limited than those available to advantaged populations...
December 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Moutasem Zakkar, Kamran Sedig
The purpose of this study is to examine the use of interactive visualizations to represent data/information related to social determinants of health and public health indicators, and to investigate the benefits of such visualizations for health policymaking. METHODS: The study developed a prototype for an online interactive visualization tool that represents the social determinants of health. The study participants explored and used the tool. The tool was evaluated using the informal user experience evaluation method...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Margaret Siyu Wu, Shail Rawal
BACKGROUND: Patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) experience poorer quality care and more adverse events in hospital. Consequently, there is interest in understanding the role of professional medical interpreters in efforts to improve patient safety. OBJECTIVE: To describe the views of professional medical interpreters on their role in the delivery of safe patient care. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of in-depth semi-structured interviews...
2017: PloS One
Tracey A LaPierre, Mary K Zimmerman, Jean P Hall
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities report fewer pregnancies than those without disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To explore the range of factors involved in pregnancy decision-making among women with disabilities, and give insight into the decision making process. METHODS: Data were obtained from 4 focus groups conducted with 22 women of child-bearing age, who had a chronic physical or mental health condition or disability that influenced their pregnancy decisions...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
Cheryl A Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Amanda Henderson, Jeanine Young, Anthony Herbert, Natalie Bradford, Lee-Anne Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Preparedness to initiate end-of-life (EoL) discussions is a confronting and daunting task for all healthcare professionals. We conducted a group interview to explore healthcare professionals' experiences of preparing for EoL discussions with the patient and their family in a pediatric context. AIM: To identify what pediatric healthcare professionals consider important when preparing for an EoL discussion. METHODS: A qualitative design using a group interview...
June 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Sarah Berger, Katja Goetz, Christina Leowardi-Bauer, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Joachim Szecsenyi, Cornelia Mahler
The ability of health professionals to collaborate effectively has significant potential impact on patient safety and quality-care outcomes, especially given the increasingly complex and dynamic clinical practice environments of today. Educators of the health professions are faced with an immediate challenge to adapt curricula and traditional teaching methods to ensure graduates are equipped with the necessary interprofessional competencies and (inter)professional values for their future practice. The World Health Organization's "Framework for action in interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative practice" promotes IPE as a key strategy to enhance patient outcomes by preparing a "collaborative practice-ready health workforce...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
N T Jiam, A H Hoon, C F Hostetter, M M Khare
PURPOSE: To describe the development of important information about me (IIAM), an application (app) used to communicate and organize healthcare information for people with neurodevelopmental disabilities (NDD). METHODS: Prior to the development of IIAM version 1.0, households with NDD were selected to participate in a focus group. Respondents (n = 7) were parents of children with NDD. Participants were asked to use a beta version for at least 2 months in day-to-day applications and to complete a questionnaire at the end of the trial...
August 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Christina Nicolaidis, Dora Raymaker, Katherine McDonald, Steven Kapp, Michael Weiner, Elesia Ashkenazy, Martha Gerrity, Clarissa Kripke, Laura Platt, Amelia Baggs
BACKGROUND: The healthcare system is ill-equipped to meet the needs of adults on the autism spectrum. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to use a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to develop and evaluate tools to facilitate the primary healthcare of autistic adults. DESIGN: Toolkit development included cognitive interviewing and test-retest reliability studies. Evaluation consisted of a mixed-methods, single-arm pre/post-intervention comparison...
October 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Bruno Nardo, Marco Cannistrà, Vincenzo Diaco, Agostino Naso, Matteo Novello, Alessandra Zullo, Michele Ruggiero, Raffaele Grande, Rosario Sacco
INTRODUCTION: Smartphones changed the method by which doctors communicate with each other, offer modern functionalities sensitive to the context of use, and can represent a valuable ally in the healthcare system. Studies have shown that WhatsApp™ application can facilitate communication within the healthcare team and provide the attending physician a constant oversight of activities performed by junior team members. The aim of the study was to use WhatsApp between two distant surgical teams involved in a program of elective surgery to verify if it facilitates communication, enhances learning, and improves patient care preserving their privacy...
September 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Thomas M Katona, P Morgan Pattison, Steve Paolini
After decades of research and development on fabrication of efficient light-emitting diodes (LEDs) throughout the visible spectrum, LED-based lighting has reached unparalleled performance with respect to energy efficiency and has become the light source for virtually all new lighting products being designed today. The development of the core light sources and their subsequent integration into lighting systems continue to present unique challenges and opportunities for product designers. We review these systems and the current development status, as well as provide context for the trends in solid state lighting that are leading to the development of value-added lighting solutions that extend the domain of lighting beyond light generation, into fields as diverse as communications, healthcare, and agricultural production...
June 7, 2016: Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Zahava R S Rosenberg-Yunger, Anne F Klassen, Leila Amin, Leeat Granek, Norma M D'Agostino, Katherine M Boydell, Mark Greenberg, Ronald D Barr, Paul C Nathan
PURPOSE: Despite the risk for late effects in adult survivors of cancer in childhood or adolescence, many survivors fail to transition from pediatric to adult long-term follow-up (LTFU) care. The purpose of this study was to identify the barriers and facilitators of transition from pediatric to adult LTFU care. METHODS: In this qualitative study, 38 Canadian survivors of cancer in childhood or adolescence, currently aged 15-26 years, were interviewed using semi-structured, open-ended questions...
September 2013: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Tony Austin, Shanghua Sun, Yin Su Lim, David Nguyen, Nathan Lea, Archana Tapuria, Dipak Kalra
This paper describes the implementation of an Electronic Healthcare Record server inside a PostgreSQL relational database without dependency on any further middleware infrastructure. The five-part international standard for communicating healthcare records (ISO EN 13606) is used as the information basis for the design of the server. We describe some of the features that this standard demands that are provided by the server, and other areas where assumptions about the durability of communications or the presence of middleware lead to a poor fit...
2015: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Anthony L Rostain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Emma Paternotte, Sandra van Dulmen, Nadine van der Lee, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Fedde Scheele
OBJECTIVE: Due to migration, doctors see patients from different ethnic backgrounds. This causes challenges for the communication. To develop training programs for doctors in intercultural communication (ICC), it is important to know which barriers and facilitators determine the quality of ICC. This study aimed to provide an overview of the literature and to explore how ICC works. METHODS: A systematic search was performed to find literature published before October 2012...
April 2015: Patient Education and Counseling
Yoshiki Ishikawa, Hiromu Nishiuchi, Hana Hayashi, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
BACKGROUND: Considerable evidence suggests that communication inequality is one potential mechanism linking social determinants, particularly socioeconomic status, and health inequalities. This study aimed to examine how dimensions of health communication outcomes (health information seeking, self-efficacy, exposure, and trust) are patterned by socioeconomic status in Japan. METHODS: Data of a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of 2,455 people aged 15-75 years in Japan were used for secondary analysis...
2012: PloS One
Tara Renton, Justin Durham, Vishal R Aggarwal
There are currently four main pain classification systems relevant to orofacial pain (OFP): the International Association for the Study of Pain, International Classification of Headache Disorders, the American Academy of Orofacial Pain and the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. Of the four, the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders is the most biopsychosocial system, with the remaining three focusing more on the biomedical aspects. Unsurprisingly, clinical scientists and clinicians have both reported perceived deficiencies in the published systems and have proposed further modified classifications and nomenclature for OFP...
May 2012: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Robyn O'Halloran, Linda Worrall, Louise Hickson
BACKGROUND: Previous research has identified that many patients admitted into acute hospital stroke units have communication-related impairments such as hearing, vision, speech, language and/or cognitive communicative impairment. However, no research has identified how many patients in acute hospital stroke units have difficulty actually communicating their healthcare needs. The World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) conceptualizes difficulty communicating about healthcare needs as a type of activity limitation, within the Activity and Participation component...
March 2012: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Zenobia Chan, Carmen Kan, Patrick Lee, Isabel Chan, Joyce Lam
AIM: This article reports on a systematic review of qualitative studies on patients' experiences of preoperative communication with healthcare professionals. BACKGROUND: Communication is critical for providing efficient care to patients. It is especially important for patients waiting for surgery, as they experience a variety of unknowns before the procedure. Through communication with healthcare professionals, patients gain a better understanding of the surgery and the issues related to their life after the surgery...
March 2012: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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