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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214613/the-effectiveness-of-standardized-skin-care-regimens-on-skin-dryness-in-nursing-home-residents-a-randomized-controlled-parallel-group-pragmatic-trial
#1
Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Carina Trojahn, Gabor Dobos, Andrea Stroux, Natalie Garcia Bartels, Irina Jahnke, Andrea Lichterfeld-Kottner, Heike Neels-Herzmann, Anja Klasen, Jan Kottner
BACKGROUND: Aged residents of institutional long-term care facilities are at high risk for developing skin and tissue diseases. Besides various common skin problems, dry skin (xerosis cutis) is one of the most frequent skin conditions in this setting. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of two structured skin care regimens in comparison to routine skin care on xerosis cutis in nursing home residents. DESIGN: A multi-center, pragmatic, randomized, controlled, investigator blinded study with three parallel groups...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209214/effects-of-concentrate-type-and-chromium-propionate-on-insulin-sensitivity-productive-and-reproductive-parameters-of-lactating-dairy-cows-consuming-excessive-energy
#2
T Leiva, R F Cooke, A P Brandão, U Pardelli, R O Rodrigues, F N Corrá, J L M Vasconcelos
This experiment compared insulin sensitivity parameters, milk production and reproductive outcomes in lactating dairy cows consuming excessive energy, and receiving in a 2×2 factorial arrangement design: (1) concentrate based on ground corn (CRN; n=13) or citrus pulp (PLP; n=13), and (2) supplemented (n=14) or not (n=12) with 2.5 g/day of chromium (Cr)-propionate. During the experiment (day 0 to 182), 26 multiparous, non-pregnant, lactating Gir×Holstein cows (initial days in milk=80±2) were offered corn silage for ad libitum consumption, and individually received concentrate formulated to allow diets to provide 160% of their daily requirements of net energy for lactation...
March 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208592/relationship-between-deck-level-body-surface-temperature-and-carcass-damages-in-italian-heavy-pigs-after-short-journeys-at-different-unloading-environmental-conditions
#3
Agnese Arduini, Veronica Redaelli, Fabio Luzi, Stefania Dall'Olio, Vincenzo Pace, Leonardo Nanni Costa
In order to evaluate the relationships between deck level, body surface temperature and carcass damages after a short journey (30 min), 10 deliveries of Italian heavy pigs, including a total of 1400 animals from one farm, were examined. Within 5 min after the arrival at the abattoir, the vehicles were unloaded. Environmental temperature and relative humidity were recorded and a Temperature Humidity Index (THI) was calculated. After unloading, maximum temperatures of dorsal and ocular regions were measured by a thermal camera on groups of pigs from each of the unloaded decks...
February 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205670/leptin-and-ghrelin-concentration-in-hyperthyroid-cats-before-and-after-radioactive-iodine-therapy-compared-to-euthyroid-control-cats
#4
Sina Marsilio, Barbara Glanemann, Lucile Martin, Balazs Szladovits, Reto Neiger
OBJECTIVE: Leptin and ghrelin, two peptide hormones with antagonistic effects on satiety and energy balance, could be involved in the pathogenesis of weight loss and polyphagia in cats with hyperthyroidism. Leptin generally decreases appetite and increases energy expenditure, while ghrelin exerts the opposite effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Leptin and ghrelin were measured in 42 client owned hyperthyroid cats with a body condition score (BCS) ≤ 5/9 before (T0) and 4 weeks after radioactive iodine treatment (RAIT) (T1)...
February 16, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203021/-comparision-for-clinical-efficiency-of-continuous-adductor-canal-block-and-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#5
M W Zhao, N Wang, L Zeng, M Li, Z K Zhao, H Zhang, H Tian
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pain control efficiency of continuous adductor canal block (ACB) and femoral nerve block (FNB) in total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: From April to September 2016, patients with severe knee osteoarthritis undergoing primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were prospectively observed, and all the patients were randomized received ultrasound-guided continuous ACB or FNB after surgery. Numeric pain rating scales(NPRS)pain scores in rest and activity 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery were collected, and the preoperative and postoperative quadriceps strength at 24 and 48 h were analyzed...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196553/association-between-body-energy-content-in-the-dry-period-and-post-calving-production-disease-status-in-dairy-cattle
#6
G L Smith, N C Friggens, C J Ashworth, M G G Chagunda
The transition from gestation to lactation is marked by significant physiological changes for the individual cow such that disease incidence is highest in early lactation. Around the time of calving, cows rely on mobilisation of body energy reserves to fill the energy deficit created by an increase in nutrient demands at a time of restricted feed intake. It is well established that monitoring of body energy reserves in lactation is an important component of herd health management. However, despite their influence on future health and productivity, monitoring of body energy reserves in the dry period is often sparse...
February 15, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187890/evaluation-of-a-smartphone-based-assessment-system-in-subjects-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#7
Ya-Lan Chiu, Yi-Ju Tsai, Chueh-Ho Lin, You-Ruei Hou, Wen-Hsu Sung
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is the most common sports-related injury, and approximately 80% of patients studied suffered recurrent sprains. These repeated ankle injuries could cause chronic ankle instability, a decrease in sports performance, and a decrease in postural control ability. At the present time, smartphones have become very popular and powerful devices, and smartphone applications (apps) that have been shown to have good validity have been designed to measure human body motion...
February 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178975/evaluation-of-dogs-with-genetic-hyperuricosuria-and-urate-urolithiasis-consuming-a-purine-restricted-diet-a-pilot-study
#8
Jodi L Westropp, Jennifer A Larsen, Eric G Johnson, Dannika Bannasch, Andrea J Fascetti, Vincent Biourge, Yann Queau
BACKGROUND: Urate urolithiasis is a common problem in breed homozygous for the mutation that results in hyperuricosuria. Low purine diets have been recommended to reduce purine intake in these dogs. METHODS: A higher protein, purine restricted diet with water added was evaluated in dogs with genetic hyperuricosuria and a history of clinical urate urolithiasis over a one year time period. Dogs were evaluated at baseline and 2, 6, and 12 months after initiating the test diet...
February 8, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177395/influence-of-cow-breed-type-age-and-previous-lactation-status-on-cow-height-calf-growth-and-patterns-of-body-weight-condition-and-blood-metabolites-for-cows-grazing-bahiagrass-pastures
#9
S W Coleman, C C Chase, D G Riley, M J Williams
This study was initiated to evaluate performance and patterns of cow traits and blood metabolites of 3 breeds of cows grazing bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flügge) pastures in central Florida. Purebred cows (n = 411) of either Angus (Bos taurus), Brahman (Bos indicus), or Romosinuano (Bos taurus) breeding, rotationally grazed (moved twice weekly) bahiagrass pastures year-round, and received bahiagrass hay supplemented with molasses and soyhulls or legume hay supplemented with unfortified molasses from October to June each production year...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176911/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-urinary-incontinence
#10
Nurullah Bulbuller, Mani Habibi, Mustafa Yuksel, Onur Ozener, Mehmet Tahir Oruc, Osman Zekai Oner, Mehmet Altug Kazak
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is an important modifiable etiological factor associated with several diseases. There is strong evidence that urinary incontinence (UI) is positively correlated with body mass index (BMI). AIM: One of the many benefits experienced by obese patients after bariatric surgery is decrease in UI. To investigate this correlation, we aimed to examine the effects of weight loss on UI in female patients who had undergone laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167792/ghrelin-affects-stopover-decisions-and-food-intake-in-a-long-distance-migrant
#11
Wolfgang Goymann, Sara Lupi, Hiroyuki Kaiya, Massimiliano Cardinale, Leonida Fusani
Billions of birds migrate long distances to either reach breeding areas or to spend the winter at more benign places. On migration, most passerines frequently stop over to rest and replenish their fuel reserves. To date, we know little regarding how they decide that they are ready to continue their journey. What physiological signals tell a bird's brain that its fuel reserves are sufficient to resume migration? A network of hormones regulates food intake and body mass in vertebrates, including the recently discovered peptide hormone, ghrelin...
February 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166980/effect-of-energy-balance-profiles-on-metabolic-and-reproductive-response-in-holstein-and-swedish-red-cows
#12
T Ntallaris, P Humblot, R Båge, Y Sjunnesson, J Dupont, B Berglund
This study examined the effect of two feeding levels during the antepartum and postpartum period on reproductive performance and blood metabolites (glucose, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), insulin) in primiparous Holstein and Swedish Red (SRB) cows, in order to identify possible differences in the way these breeds respond to negative energy balance after calving. A total of 44 cows (22 Holstein, 22 SRB) kept in a loose housing system were included in the study. The control group (HE, n = 23) was fed a diet for high-producing cows (target 35 kg/d energycorrected milk, ECM)...
March 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166955/long-term-prostaglandin-based-protocols-improve-the-reproductive-performance-after-timed-artificial-insemination-in-sheep
#13
S Fierro, C Viñoles, J Olivera-Muzante
The aim of the experiment was to evaluate the reproductive performance of ewes synchronized with two doses of prostaglandin F2α (PG) at different intervals and inseminated at a fixed time. During the breeding season (April to June), 370 multiparous Corriedale ewes were assigned to five groups according to body condition score and body weight, and synchronized with two doses of PG administered 7, 10, 12, 14 or 16 days apart (groups PG7, PG10, PG12, PG14 or PG16; n = 73, 76, 74, 72, 75; respectively). Cervical timed artificial insemination (Day 0) was performed at 48 ± 1...
March 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166895/effects-of-vibration-on-occupant-driving-performance-under-simulated-driving-conditions
#14
Amzar Azizan, M Fard, Michael F Azari, Reza Jazar
Although much research has been devoted to the characterization of the effects of whole-body vibration on seated occupants' comfort, drowsiness induced by vibration has received less attention to date. There are also little validated measurement methods available to quantify whole body vibration-induced drowsiness. Here, the effects of vibration on drowsiness were investigated. Twenty male volunteers were recruited for this experiment. Drowsiness was measured in a driving simulator, before and after 30-min exposure to vibration...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164734/cutpoints-for-screening-blood-glucose-concentrations-in-healthy-senior-cats
#15
Mia K Reeve-Johnson, Jacquie S Rand, Dianne Vankan, Stephen T Anderson, Rhett Marshall, John M Morton
Objectives The objectives of this study were to determine the reference interval for screening blood glucose in senior cats, to apply this to a population of obese senior cats, to compare screening and fasting blood glucose, to assess whether screening blood glucose is predicted by breed, body weight, body condition score (BCS), behaviour score, fasting blood glucose and/or recent carbohydrate intake and to assess its robustness to changes in methodology. Methods The study included a total of 120 clinically healthy client-owned cats aged 8 years and older of varying breeds and BCSs...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163205/localization-pattern-of-visfatin-nampt-in-d-galactose-induced-aged-rat-testis
#16
Malsawmhriatzuala Jeremy, Guruswami Gurusubramanian, Vikas Kumar Roy
Aging is a complex irreversible process which leads to decline in body physiology including reproductive activity. Neurological and brain functions defects have been studied in the d-gal induced aging rodent model. However, there is dearth of literature on reproductive aging induced by d-gal treatment. Visfatin is an adipokine which regulates testicular steroidogenesis and its level increases under stress conditions to cope and extend longevity. To the best of our knowledge the expression and localization pattern of visfatin and histological evaluation of d-gal induced aged testis have not been investigated...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161318/effects-of-daily-physical-activity-level-on-manual-wheelchair-propulsion-technique-in-full-time-manual-wheelchair-users-during-steady-state-treadmill-propulsion
#17
Jennifer Dysterheft, Ian Rice, Yvonne Learmonth, Dominque Kinnett-Hopkins, Robert Motl
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether differences in propulsion technique as a function of intra-individual variability occur as a result of shoulder pain and physical activity (PA) level in full time manual wheelchair users (MWU). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 14 MWU completed the study. Participants were 18-64 years old, used a wheelchair for > 80% ambulation, and free of any condition that could be worsened by PA...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161177/influence-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-and-vitamin-e-on-performance-energy-metabolism-and-change-of-fat-depot-mass-in-transitional-dairy-cows
#18
S Schäfers, D von Soosten, U Meyer, C Drong, J Frahm, J Kluess, C Raschka, J Rehage, A Tröscher, W Pelletier, S Dänicke
The objective of this experiment was to determine the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vitamin E as well as their interaction on performance variables and lipomobilization during late pregnancy and early lactation (wk 6 antepartum until wk 10 postpartum). For this purpose, 59 pluriparous German Holstein cows were assigned to 4 dietary groups in a 2 × 2 design with the factors CLA and vitamin E at 2 levels. For this trial, we selected cows with a high body condition score because they are more likely to mobilize fat and consequently are at a higher risk of developing ketosis...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161167/ability-of-dairy-cows-to-ensure-pregnancy-according-to-breed-and-genetic-merit-for-production-traits-under-contrasted-pasture-based-systems
#19
N Bedere, C Disenhaus, V Ducrocq, S Leurent-Colette, L Delaby
The present study aimed to assess and measure the effects of breed, genetic merit for production traits, and feeding systems (FS) on the ability of dairy cows to ensure pregnancy through its components (fertilization, embryonic losses, recalving). An experiment was conducted over 9 yr on Normande and Holstein cows assigned to contrasted FS. Diets were based on maize silage in winter and grazing plus concentrate in spring in the high FS group, and on grass silage in winter and grazing with no concentrate during spring in the low FS group...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160759/five-herbs-plus-thiamine-reduce-pain-and-improve-functional-mobility-in-patients-with-pain-a-pilot-study
#20
Robert Hedaya
: Context • Five herbs-Urtica dioica (stinging nettle), Boswellia serrata, Equisetum arvense, Allium sativum, and Apium graveolens-have been demonstrated to have activity at several anti-inflammatory pathways and have analgesic properties that are effective in treating chronic musculoskeletal pain. Objectives • The study intended to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a proprietary blend of U dioica, B serrata, E arvense, A sativum, A graveolens, and thiamine (vitamin B1), or "the blend," in the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
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