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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035838/effect-of-two-treatment-protocols-for-ketosis-on-the-resolution-postpartum-health-milk-yield-and-reproductive-outcomes-of-dairy-cows
#1
Jae-Kwan Jeong, In-Soo Choi, Sung-Ho Moon, Soo-Chan Lee, Hyun-Gu Kang, Young-Hun Jung, Soo-Bong Park, Ill-Hwa Kim
We determined the effect of ketosis treatment with propylene glycol (PG) or PG plus l-carnitine and methionine (Metabolase(®), Fatro, Bologna, Italy) on the resolution, postpartum health, milk yield, and reproductive performances of dairy cows. Blood from 475 Holstein cows was collected weekly until 4 weeks after calving to measure blood β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) concentrations. Cows with blood BHBA concentration ≥1.2 mmol/L were diagnosed with ketosis and were enrolled. One hundred and fifty cows diagnosed with ketosis were randomly assigned to three treatment groups (Day 0): (1) PG (300 g, PO) for 3 days (PG group, n = 50), (2) PG (300 g, PO) plus l-carnitine (1...
September 25, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035676/the-molecular-mechanism-and-neuroprotective-effect-of-dihydrocapsaicin-induced-mild-hypothermia-after-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-rats
#2
Xiaopeng Zhong, Xiujuan Wang, Fei Fei, ManCui Zhang, Po Ding, Shiwu Zhang
To investigate the molecular mechanism of dihydrocapsaicin (DHC)-induced mild hypothermia in rats, and to compare its protective effect on the central nervous system with that of a conventional method of inducing hypothermia, 24 healthy male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups based on the following conditions: control group, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) group, body surface cooling group, and DHC group. Tracheal clipping was used to mimic asphyxia arrest. Rats were assessed for their neurological deficit scores...
October 16, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031771/a-nonrandomized-controlled-clinical-pilot-trial-on-8%C3%A2-wk-of%C3%A2-intermittent-fasting-24%C3%A2-h-wk
#3
Christian S Kessler, Rainer Stange, Maike Schlenkermann, Michael Jeitler, Andreas Michalsen, Antonia Selle, Franca Raucci, Nico Steckhan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether intermittent fasting (IF) is an effective preventive measure, and whether it is feasible for healthy volunteers under every day conditions. METHODS: A nonrandomized controlled clinical trial on IF was performed with healthy volunteers over a period of 8 wk, and a subsequent 4-mo follow-up. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, after 8 wk, and after 6 mo. Volunteers who were not interested in fasting served as a control group...
August 12, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030913/effect-of-water-restriction-on-milk-yield-and-quality-in-lacaune-breed-ewes
#4
D Casamassima, M Palazzo, M Nardoia, A G D'Alessandro, F Vizzarri
The effect of water restriction on body weight, body condition score, milk yield, and milk composition and rheological characteristics in intensively reared Lacaune ewes was evaluated. After 7 days of adaptation, the trial lasted 28 days. Thirty lactating ewes (48 ± 5 months of age; mean value ± standard deviation) at the beginning of third lactation month were divided into three groups (n = 10), corresponding to the following water restriction treatment: a group control received no drinking water restriction (W100), and two groups received water to the extent of 80% and 60% of W100 daily consumption (W80 and W60 group respectively)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030887/the-impact-of-direct-fed-microbials-and-enzymes-on-the-health-and-performance-of-dairy-cows-with-emphasis-on-colostrum-quality-and-serum-immunoglobulin-concentrations-in-calves
#5
S B Ort, K M Aragona, C E Chapman, E Shangraw, A F Brito, D J Schauff, P S Erickson
Thirty-six cows were blocked by calving date and randomly assigned to one of three treatments. Cows were on treatments 3 weeks prepartum through 8 weeks post-partum. Treatments were as follows: (i) no direct-fed microbial (DFM) or cellulase and amylase enzymes (C), (ii) 45.4 g/day of DFM (D) or (iii) 45.4 g/day of DFM and 18.2 g/day of enzyme (DE). Total mixed ration fed and refused were measured daily to determine dry matter intake (DMI). Blood samples were taken three times weekly and analysed for β-hydroxybutyrate, glucose and non-esterified fatty acids...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030291/evaluation-of-a-spray-type-novel-dextrin-hydrogel-adhesion-barrier-under-laparoscopic-conditions-in-a-porcine-uterine-horn-adhesion-model
#6
Miho Kai, Kazuha Maeda, Masako Tasaki, Shinichirou Kira, Shintarou Nakamura, Naotaka Chino, Hitomi Hagiwara, Hitoshi Nishida, Tetsuro Kawanishi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To establish a porcine uterine horn adhesion model that mimicked laparoscopic procedures and use it to investigate the effect of a spray-type, novel dextrin hydrogel adhesion barrier (AdSpray) on postsurgical adhesions. DESIGN: Single: Single-blind randomized controlled trial (Canadian Task Force Classification I). SETTING: Certified animal research facility. SUBJECTS: 16 female pigs. INTERVENTIONS: All animals underwent laparoscopically-assisted adhesion-inducing surgery...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029855/improving-mortality-outcomes-of-stevens-johnson-syndrome-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-a-regional-burns-centre-experience
#7
M Nizamoglu, J A Ward, Q Frew, H Gerrish, N Martin, A Shaw, D Barnes, O Shelly, B Philp, N El-Muttardi, P Dziewulski
INTRODUCTION: Stevens Johnson Syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) are rare, potentially fatal desquamative disorders characterised by large areas of partial thickness skin and mucosal loss. The degree of epidermal detachment that occurs has led to SJS/TEN being described as a burn-like condition. These patients benefit from judicious critical care, early debridement and meticulous wound care. This is best undertaken within a multidisciplinary setting led by clinicians experienced in the management of massive skin loss and its sequelae...
October 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026353/association-of-body-mass-index-and-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-surgery
#8
Maged Y Argalious, Natalya Makarova, Alexander Leone, Jacek Cywinski, Ehab Farag
BACKGROUND: Whether the deleterious effects of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on the kidneys are exacerbated in the obese population remains unknown. We hypothesized that increased body mass index (BMI) is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing noncardiac laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, we analyzed data on 8,543 adult patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status scores of I-IV who had inpatient noncardiac laparoscopic surgery from 2005-2014...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021747/hyperbaric-oxygen-environment-can-enhance-brain-activity-and-multitasking-performance
#9
Dor Vadas, Leonid Kalichman, Amir Hadanny, Shai Efrati
Background: The Brain uses 20% of the total oxygen supply consumed by the entire body. Even though, <10% of the brain is active at any given time, it utilizes almost all the oxygen delivered. In order to perform complex tasks or more than one task (multitasking), the oxygen supply is shifted from one brain region to another, via blood perfusion modulation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether a hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) environment, with increased oxygen supply to the brain, will enhance the performance of complex and/or multiple activities...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020990/a-comparison-of-two-different-anthelmintic-treatment-regimens-against-natural-gastrointestinal-nematode-infections-on-two-lithuanian-sheep-farms
#10
Tomas Kupcinskas, Inga Stadaliene, Algimantas Paulauskas, Pavelas Trusevicius, Saulius Petkevicius, Johan Höglund, Mindaugas Sarkunas
BACKGROUND: According to targeted treatment (TT), the whole flock is dewormed based on knowledge of the risk, or parameters that quantify the mean level of infection, whereas according to targeted selective treatment (TST), only individual animals within the grazing group are treated, based on parasitological, production and/or morbidity parameters. The aim of this study was to compare two different treatment protocols on sheep farms in Lithuania. The study was conducted from 15 April to 31 October 2014 on three sheep farms...
October 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019448/comparison-of-ultrasonographic-findings-in-cats-with-and-without-azotaemia
#11
Christopher R Lamb, Helen Dirrig, Stefano Cortellini
Objectives The objective of this study was to identify the renal ultrasonographic (US) findings most strongly associated with azotaemia in cats. Methods US findings in 238 cats with (serum creatinine >180 μmol/l) and 270 cats without azotaemia were compared in a retrospective case-control study. Cats with pre-renal azotaemia or urethral obstruction were excluded. Data extracted from the medical records included age, body weight and body condition score (BCS). Quantitative and subjective US findings were extracted from archived ultrasound images and contemporaneous reports...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018932/analysis-of-growth-nutritional-status-and-hospital-visitation-scores-associated-with-reflux-after-nissen-fundoplication-in-neurologically-impaired-children-with-gastroesophageal-reflux
#12
Chaeyoun Oh, Joong Kee Youn, Ji-Won Han, Hyun-Young Kim, Sung-Eun Jung
BACKGROUND: Neurologically impaired children (NIC) often experience swallowing difficulties and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Although these conditions could place children in a state of poor nutritional status and prevent them from thriving, there is insufficient research evaluating growth and nutritional status following fundoplication in these patients. METHOD: This is a retrospective study of patients who were neurologically impaired and underwent Nissen fundoplication between April 2001 and March 2015...
October 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018530/benchmarking-welfare-indicators-in-73-free-stall-dairy-farms-in-north-western-spain
#13
Yolanda Trillo, Luis Angel Quintela, Mónica Barrio, Juan José Becerra, Ana Isabel Peña, Marcos Vigo, Pedro Garcia Herradon
The aim of this study was to describe the status of body condition score (BCS), hock injuries prevalence, locomotion and body hygiene score as animal welfare measures in 73 free-stall dairy cattle farms in Lugo (Spain). A benchmarking process was established across farms: (1) the animal-based indicators were ordered from low to high values; (2) The farms were classified into three categories based on the number of indicators within less than the 25th percentile, 25th to 75th percentile and above the 75th percentile...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994489/short-term-resource-allocation-during-extensive-athletic-competition
#14
Daniel P Longman, Sean P Prall, Eric C Shattuck, Ian D Stephen, Jay T Stock, Jonathan C K Wells, Michael P Muehlenbein
OBJECTIVES: Following predictions from life history theory, we sought to identify acute trade-offs between reproductive effort (as measured by psychological arousal) and somatic maintenance (via functional measures of innate immunity) during conditions of severe energetic imbalance. METHODS: Sixty-six male ultramarathon runners (ages 20 to 37 years) were sampled before and after a lengthy race. Saliva and sera were collected for testosterone and immunological analyses (hemolytic complement activity and bacterial killing ability)...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992911/whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-hematology-and-serum-biochemistry-in-healthy-dogs
#15
Ivan Felismino Charas Santos, Sheila Canevese Rahal, Jussara Shimono, Miriam Tsunemi, Regina Takahira, Carlos Roberto Teixeira
The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise on hematology and serum biochemistry in healthy dogs. Ten intact beagle dogs, 3 females, and 7 males, with a mean age of 3 years, and mean body mass of 14.3kg, body condition score between 4.0/9 and 4.5/9 were evaluated. The WBV sessions were done with the dog standing up on all 4 feet on a vibrating platform. Daily session of 30Hz for 5 minutes, followed by 50Hz for 5 minutes and finishing with 30Hz for 5 minutes was accomplished for 5 days...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992377/a-single-session-of-attentional-bias-modification-reduces-alcohol-craving-and-implicit-measures-of-alcohol-bias-in-young-adult-drinkers
#16
Peter Luehring-Jones, Courtney Louis, Tracy A Dennis-Tiwary, Joel Erblich
BACKGROUND: Attentional bias modification (ABM) techniques for reducing problematic alcohol consumption hold promise as highly-accessible and cost-effective treatment approaches. A growing body of literature has examined ABM as a potentially efficacious intervention for reducing drinking and drinking-related cognitions in alcohol-dependent individuals as well as those at-risk of developing problem drinking habits. METHODS: The present study tested the effectiveness of a single session of visual probe-based ABM training in a cohort of 60 non-treatment-seeking young adult drinkers, with a focus on examining mechanisms underlying training efficacy...
October 9, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990165/framingham-based-cardiovascular-risk-estimates-among-people-with-episodic-migraine-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-american-migraine-prevalence-and-prevention-ampp-study
#17
Richard B Lipton, Michael L Reed, Tobias Kurth, Kristina M Fanning, Dawn C Buse
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) events, conditions, and procedures (ECPs) are common in persons with migraine and are a contraindication to triptan and ergot use. In a prior study, we estimated that there are 2.6 million American adults with episodic migraine (EM) who have had CV ECPs. However, the prior analysis did not assess persons with migraine without CV ECPs who are at high risk for a first cardiovascular disease (CVD) event. OBJECTIVES: To use the Framingham nonlaboratory CVD events risk equation to estimate the number of individuals with EM who are at elevated risk for a first CVD event in the next 10 years using data from the American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention Study, and then to extrapolate the findings to the US population to estimate the scope of people with EM for whom triptan and ergot therapies may be problematic...
October 9, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988611/prevalence-of-neurocognitive-dysfunction-and-its-effects-on-postoperative-outcomes-in-total-joint-arthroplasty
#18
Emmanuel Edusei, Kelvin Y Kim, Afshin A Anoushiravani, Stephen Yu, David Steiger, James D Slover
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of neurocognitive dysfunction (NCD) and its effects on postoperative outcomes have not been well characterized following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) population. This study aims at better understand this relationship. METHODS: Patients were evaluated for neurocognitive function using the grooved pegboard test for the dominant (PEG-D) and nondominant hand (PEG-N), and the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT). The patient scores for each test was compared to age-controlled normative values in order to identify NCD...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988401/the-trabecular-bone-score-tbs-complements-dxa-and-the-frax-as-a-fracture-risk-assessment-tool-in-routine-clinical-practice
#19
REVIEW
Didier Hans, Emőke Šteňová, Olivier Lamy
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: There is an increasing body of evidence that the trabecular bone score (TBS), a surrogate of bone microarchitecture extracted from spine DXA, could play an important role in the management of patients with osteoporosis or at risk of fracture. The current paper reviews this published body of scientific literature on TBS and answers the most relevant clinical questions. RECENT FINDINGS: TBS has repeatedly been proven to be predictive of fragility fractures, current and future, and this is largely independent of BMD, CRF, and the FRAX, and when used in conjunction with any one of these measures, it consistently enhances their accuracy...
October 7, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987643/blood-flow-restricted-resistance-training-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-mobility-limitations
#20
Summer B Cook, Dain P LaRoche, Michelle R Villa, Hannah Barile, Todd M Manini
High-load resistance training (HL) may be contraindicated in older adults due to pre-existing health conditions (e.g. osteoarthritis). Low-load blood flow restricted (BFR) resistance training offers an alternative to HL with potentially similar strength improvement. PURPOSE: To compare muscle strength, cross-sectional area (CSA), physical function, and quality of life (QOL) following 12-weeks of HL or BFR training in older adults at risk of mobility limitations. METHODS: Thirty-six males and females (mean: 75...
October 5, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
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