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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232316/prime-a-novel-low-mass-high-repetition-approach-to-improve-function-in-older-adults
#1
Jason D Allen, Mitch D VanBruggen, Neil M Johannsen, Jennifer L Robbins, Daniel P Credeur, Carl F Pieper, Richard Sloane, Conrad P Earnest, Timothy S Church, Eric Ravussin, William E Kraus, Michael A Welsch
INTRODUCTION: The ability to maintain functional independence in a rapidly aging population results in an increased life expectancy without corresponding increases in health care costs. The accelerated decline in VO2peak after the age of 65 is primarily due to peripheral tissue changes rather than centrally mediated factors. The purpose of this study was to determine if the PRIME (Peripheral Remodeling through Intermittent Muscular Exercise) approach, consisting of a low mass, high repetition/duration skeletal muscle focused training regimen would provide superior functional benefits in participants above 70 years old and at risk for losing functional independence...
December 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231892/assessment-of-plumage-and-integument-condition-in-dual-purpose-breeds-and-conventional-layers
#2
Mona Franziska Giersberg, Birgit Spindler, Nicole Kemper
The assessment of plumage and integument condition in laying hens provides useful information about the occurrence of feather pecking and cannibalism. Although feather loss and skin injuries can result from mechanical abrasion or clinical diseases, they are valid animal-based indicators for behavioural disorders. This particularly applies to damage on the back and tail region of the hens. The aim was to evaluate the behaviour of dual-purpose breeds (Lohmann Dual, LD) and conventional layer hybrids (Lohmann Brown plus, LB+), and to compare a mere visual assessment (Visual Scoring, VSc), with a method involving the handling of individual animals (Hands-on Scoring, HSc)...
December 12, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229398/can-an-aversive-extinction-resistant-memory-trigger-impairments-in-walking-adaptability-an-experimental-study-using-adult-rats
#3
Filipe Mello Medeiros, Jociane de Carvalho Myskiw, Pedro Porto Alegre Baptista, Laura Tartari Neves, Lucas Athaydes Martins, Cristiane Regina Guerino Furini, Iván Izquierdo, Léder Leal Xavier, Kristen Hollands, Régis Gemerasca Mestriner
Cognitive demands can influence the adaptation of walking, a crucial skill to maintain body stability and prevent falls. Whilst previous research has shown emotional load tunes goal-directed movements, little attention has been given to this finding. This study sought to assess the effects of suffering an extinction-resistant memory on skilled walking performance in adult rats, as an indicator of walking adaptability. Thus, 36 Wistar rats were divided in a two-part experiment. In the first part (n=16), the aversive, extinction-resistance memory paradigm was established using a fear-conditioning chamber...
December 8, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228009/prevalence-of-anemia-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-southern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#4
Meaza Lebso, Anchamo Anato, Eskindir Loha
BACKGROUND: Anemia is defined as a condition in which there is less than the normal hemoglobin (Hb) level in the body. During pregnancy; iron deficiency is associated with multiple adverse outcomes for both mother and infant. Most of the studies conducted in Ethiopia on anemia during pregnancy were conducted at institution level and associated factors are not well studied and documented. Independent factors like, food security status, dietary diversity and intestinal parasites infection were considered by only a few of them...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225253/an-analysis-of-the-neuropathic-pain-components-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#5
Satoshi Ito, Daisuke Kobayashi, Akira Murasawa, Ichiei Narita, Kiyoshi Nakazono
Objective To analyze the neuropathic pain (NeP) components in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients and Methods The pain DETECT questionnaire (PD-Q) was completed by 300 RA patients (79 men, 221 women). Results Nine patients (3.0%) were categorized as likely NeP, 33 (11.0%) were categorized as possible NeP, and 258 (86.0%) were categorized as unlikely NeP. When we excluded patients with diabetes mellitus, spinal diseases, neurological diseases, and herpes zoster infection (conditions associated with NeP), 5 of the patients (1...
December 8, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224578/isolating-the-cow-specific-part-of-residual-energy-intake-in-lactating-dairy-cows-using-random-regressions
#6
A Fischer, N C Friggens, D P Berry, P Faverdin
The ability to properly assess and accurately phenotype true differences in feed efficiency among dairy cows is key to the development of breeding programs for improving feed efficiency. The variability among individuals in feed efficiency is commonly characterised by the residual intake approach. Residual feed intake is represented by the residuals of a linear regression of intake on the corresponding quantities of the biological functions that consume (or release) energy. However, the residuals include both, model fitting and measurement errors as well as any variability in cow efficiency...
December 11, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220755/coronary-artery-calcification-predicts-cardiovascular-complications-after-sepsis
#7
Vedant A Gupta, Matthew Sousa, Nathan Kraitman, Rahul Annabathula, Olga Vsevolozhskaya, Steve W Leung, Vincent L Sorrell
PURPOSE: Sepsis is a highly prevalent and fatal condition, with reported cardiovascular event rates as high as 25-30% at 1year. Risk stratification in septic patients has been extremely limited. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 267 septic patients with detectable troponin levels, APACHE II scores, and CT scans of the chest or abdomen were assessed. Patients with a recent cardiac intervention were excluded. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) was identified as present or absent on body CT scans...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220676/penetrance-of-polygenic-obesity-susceptibility-loci-across-the-body-mass-index-distribution
#8
Arkan Abadi, Akram Alyass, Sebastien Robiou du Pont, Ben Bolker, Pardeep Singh, Viswanathan Mohan, Rafael Diaz, James C Engert, Salim Yusuf, Hertzel C Gerstein, Sonia S Anand, David Meyre
A growing number of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with body mass index (BMI) and obesity, but whether the effects of these obesity-susceptibility loci are uniform across the BMI distribution remains unclear. We studied the effects of 37 BMI-associated SNPs in 75,230 adults of European ancestry across BMI percentiles by using conditional quantile regression (CQR) and meta-regression (MR) models. The effects of nine SNPs (24%)-rs1421085 (FTO; p = 8.69 × 10-15), rs6235 (PCSK1; p = 7...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218747/patient-characteristics-and-outcome-measurement-in-a-low-secure-forensic-hospital
#9
Laura Longdon, Rachel Edworthy, Jeremy Resnick, Adrian Byrne, Martin Clarke, Natalie Cheung, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Health services are increasingly required to measure outcomes after treatment, which can be reported to the funding body and may be scrutinised by the public. Extensive high-quality measurements are time consuming. Routinely collected clinical data might, if anonymised, provide good enough evidence of useful change consequent on service received. RESEARCH QUESTION: Do the Health of the Nation Scale and the 20-item Historical, Clinical, Risk structured professional judgement tool scores provide evidence of clinical and risk change among low security hospital patients at 6 and 12 months after admission? METHODS: One hundred and eight men were either resident on the unit on 1 January 2011 or new admissions to the census date of 31 May 2013...
December 7, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218742/prevalence-of-foot-disorders-in-captive-sardinian-partridges-alectoris-barbara-barbara-bonnaterre-1790-as-useful-indicators-of-fitness-to-natural-environment
#10
M G Cappai, A Abd El-Wahab, G Arru, M Muzzeddu, W Pinna
Foot health represents an issue in wild avifauna breeding practices. In particular, prevalence of digital ulceration (DU) and foot pad dermatitis (FPD) are valid indicators of welfare in wildlife conservation centres and may be interpreted as to fitness for bird's reintroduction into the wild. This study meant to test the effects of raising practices on foot pad health in captive Sardinian partridges (Alectoris barbara barbara Bonnaterre, 1790) reared for biodiversity conservation, to assess welfare and fitness to reintroduction into nature...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216441/change-in-sense-of-nondual-awareness-and-spiritual-awakening-in-response-to-a-multidimensional-well-being-program
#11
Paul J Mills, Christine Tara Peterson, Meredith A Pung, Sheila Patel, Lizabeth Weiss, Kathleen L Wilson, P Murali Doraiswamy, Jeffery A Martin, Rudolph E Tanzi, Deepak Chopra
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of a comprehensive mind-body program on sense of nondual awareness and spiritual awakening. DESIGN AND INTERVENTION: The study compared the effects of participation in an intensive 6-day Ayurveda-based mind-body program that addressed physical, emotional, and spiritual domains as compared with a control condition. SETTING: Resort setting. SUBJECTS: Participants were 69 healthy women and men (mean age 53...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215398/a-genetic-risk-score-for-fasting-plasma-glucose-is-independently-associated-with-arterial-stiffness-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#12
Mikael Gottsäter, George Hindy, Marju Orho-Melander, Peter M Nilsson, Olle Melander
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is known to be associated with a number of clinical conditions including hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia, and may predict cardiovascular events and mortality. However, causal links are hard to establish. Results from genome-wide association studies have identified only a few single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with arterial stiffness, the results have been inconsistent between studies and overlap with other clinical conditions is lacking. Our aim was to investigate a potential shared set of risk single nucleotide polymorphisms between relevant cardiometabolic traits and arterial stiffness...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214857/feeding-time-can-alleviate-negative-effects-of-heat-stress-on-performance-meat-quality-and-health-status-of-turkey
#13
M F A Farghly, M Alagawany, M E Abd El-Hack
1. A total of 180 one-day-old chickens were randomly assigned to 6 equal groups to investigate the effect of feeding time on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, leg problems and physiological responses of growing turkeys under the high temperature conditions of summer. 2. Birds of the first group were ad libitum fed and were considered as the controls (C). The second group (T1) was given 80% of diet in the morning and 20% of diet in the afternoon, The third group (T2) was given 60% of diet in the morning and 40% of diet in the afternoon, The fourth group (T3) was given 40% of diet in the morning and 60% of diet in the afternoon, The fifth group (T4) was given 20% of diet in the morning and 80% of diet in the afternoon and the sixth group (T5) was given 100% of diet in the afternoon...
December 7, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212912/effect-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-in-dog-with-chronic-enteropathies-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-study
#14
Simona D'Angelo, Federico Fracassi, Francesca Bresciani, Roberta Galuppi, Alessia Diana, Nikolina Linta, Giuliano Bettini, Maria Morini, Marco Pietra
Saccharomyces boulardii is used to treat acute and chronic enteropathies in humans, but to date, no studies have evaluated the use of this yeast in dogs. The current study, a prospective non-randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study, evaluated the effects of S boulardii in healthy dogs and dogs with chronic enteropathies (CE). Four healthy dogs and 20 dogs with CE were included. In healthy dogs, S boulardii was administered for 10 days. Possible short-term adverse effects were recorded, and quantitative stool cultures for yeasts were performed...
December 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208418/left-atrial-volumes-and-strain-in-healthy-children-measured-by-three-dimensional-echocardiography-normal-values-and-maturational-changes
#15
Sunil J Ghelani, David W Brown, Joseph D Kuebler, Douglas Perrin, Divya Shakti, David N Williams, Gerald R Marx, Steven D Colan, Tal Geva, David M Harrild
BACKGROUND: Assessment of left atrial (LA) size and function is important in a number of pediatric cardiac conditions including those affecting the diastolic performance of the left ventricle. Measurements of LA volume and strain by two-dimensional echocardiography rely upon inaccurate geometric assumptions and are hampered by out-of-plane motion. The objective of this study was to characterize LA volumes and strain by three-dimensional echocardiography in healthy children. METHODS: LA volumes and strain were retrospectively measured by three-dimensional echocardiography in healthy children with no known structural or functional heart disease using a commercial speckle-tracking package applied to the LA to compute maximum volume (Vmax), minimum volume (Vmin), ejection volume (LAEV), ejection fraction (LAEF), and the following components of global strain: 3D principal (3DS), longitudinal (GLS), and circumferential (GCS)...
December 2, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208323/evaluation-of-posterior-cruciate-ligament-and-intercondylar-notch-in-subjects-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tear-a-comparative-flexed-knee-3d-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#16
Atul K Taneja, Frederico C Miranda, Marco K Demange, Marcelo P Prado, Durval C B Santos, Laercio A Rosemberg, Ronaldo H Baroni
PURPOSE: To determine if posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and intercondylar notch (IN) morphometries and volumetrics act as risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. METHODS: A prospective case-controlled magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study was conducted with subjects presenting noncontact knee injuries. Exclusion criteria were previous surgery, PCL tear, osteoarthritis, tumors, or infectious and inflammatory conditions. All participants underwent a flexed-knee 3-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to uniformly straighten PCL...
December 2, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206843/periparturient-lipolysis-and-oxylipid-biosynthesis-in-bovine-adipose-tissues
#17
G Andres Contreras, Clarissa Strieder-Barboza, Jonas de Souza, Jeff Gandy, Vengai Mavangira, Adam L Lock, Lorraine M Sordillo
The periparturient period of dairy cows is characterized by intense lipolysis in adipose tissues (AT), which induces the release of free fatty acids (FFA) into circulation. Among FFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids are susceptible to oxidation and can modulate inflammatory responses during lipolysis within AT. Linoleic and arachidonic acid oxidized products (oxylipids) such as hydroxy-octadecadienoic acids (HODE) and hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acids (HETE), were recently identified as products of lipolysis that could modulate AT inflammation during lipolysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201894/genetics-of-marbling-in-wagyu-revealed-by-the-melting-temperature-of-intramuscular-and-subcutaneous-lipids
#18
Sally S Lloyd, Jose L Valenzuela, Edward J Steele, Roger L Dawkins
Extreme marbling or intramuscular deposition of lipid is associated with Wagyu breeds and is therefore assumed to be largely inherited. However, even within 100% full blood Wagyu prepared under standard conditions, there is unpredictable scatter of the degree of marbling. Here, we evaluate melting temperature (Tm ) of intramuscular fat as an alternative to visual scores of marbling. We show that "long fed" Wagyu generally has Tm below body temperature but with a considerable range under standardized conditions...
2017: International Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201849/concurrent-surgery-of-craniectomy-and-splenectomy-as-initial-treatment-in-severe-traumatic-head-injury-a-case-report
#19
Hyeong Rae Lee, Nam Kyu You, Sook Jin Seo, Mi Sun Choi
It is not a common case for neurosurgery department and the other departments to perform joint operation at the same time. Patients with severe head injury are a condition in which vital signs are unstable due to severe brain swelling and increased intracranial pressure, and emergency surgery is required. A 44-year-old man visited the trauma center with a motorcycle accident. The Glasgow Coma Scale score at the time of emergency department was 3 points, and the pupil was fixed at 6 mm on both sides. His medical history was unknown...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201147/evidence-for-current-recommendations-concerning-the-management-of-foot-health-for-people-with-chronic-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review
#20
Katherine Edwards, Alan Borthwick, Louise McCulloch, Anthony Redmond, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Andrew Judge, Nigel Arden, Catherine Bowen
Background: Research focusing on management of foot health has become more evident over the past decade, especially related to chronic conditions such as diabetes. The level of methodological rigour across this body of work however is varied and outputs do not appear to have been developed or translated into clinical practice. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the latest guidelines, standards of care and current recommendations relative to people with chronic conditions to ascertain the level of supporting evidence concerning the management of foot health...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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