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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319141/heightened-clinical-utility-of-smartphone-versus-body-worn-inertial-system-for-shoulder-function-b-b-score
#1
Claude Pichonnaz, Kamiar Aminian, Céline Ancey, Hervé Jaccard, Estelle Lécureux, Cyntia Duc, Alain Farron, Brigitte M Jolles, Nigel Gleeson
BACKGROUND: The B-B Score is a straightforward kinematic shoulder function score including only two movements (hand to the Back + lift hand as to change a Bulb) that demonstrated sound measurement properties for patients for various shoulder pathologies. However, the B-B Score results using a smartphone or a reference system have not yet been compared. Provided that the measurement properties are comparable, the use of a smartphone would offer substantial practical advantages. This study investigated the concurrent validity of a smartphone and a reference inertial system for the measurement of the kinematic shoulder function B-B Score...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318582/purulent-vaginal-discharge-in-grazing-dairy-cows-risk-factors-reproductive-performance-and-prostaglandin-f2%C3%AE-treatment
#2
M J Giuliodori, M Magnasco, R P Magnasco, I M Lacau-Mengido, R L de la Sota
The objectives of this study were to assess the association of a 4-point scale of vaginal discharge score (VDS) with time to pregnancy to define criteria for a practical case of purulent vaginal discharge (PVD) in dairy cows, to test the risk factors for PVD, and, finally, the effect of a dose of PGF2α on cure and reproductive performance. In experiment 1, grazing Holstein cows (n = 2,414) had their vaginal discharge scored at ∼32 d in milk (DIM) on a 4-point scale, the effect of VDS on the hazard of pregnancy by 300 DIM was then assessed to derive a case definition of PVD...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318578/relationships-between-body-condition-score-change-prior-mid-lactation-phenotypic-residual-feed-intake-and-hyperketonemia-onset-in-transition-dairy-cows
#3
Francesca M Rathbun, Ryan S Pralle, Sandra J Bertics, Louis E Armentano, K Cho, C Do, Kent A Weigel, Heather M White
Extensive efforts have been made to identify more feed-efficient dairy cows, yet it is unclear how selection for feed efficiency will influence metabolic health. The objectives of this research were to determine the relationships between residual feed intake (RFI), a measure of feed efficiency, body condition score (BCS) change, and hyperketonemia (HYK) incidence. Blood and milk samples were collected twice weekly from cows 5 to 18 d postcalving for a total of 4 samples. Hyperketonemia was diagnosed at a blood β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) ≥1...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315688/fullerenol-nanoparticles-prevents-doxorubicin-induced-acute-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#4
Vesna Jacevic, Aleksandar Djordjevic, Branislava Srdjenovic, Vukosava Milic-Tores, Zoran Segrt, Viktorija Dragojevic-Simic, Kamil Kuca
Doxorubicin (DOX), commonly used antineoplastic agent, affects bone marrow, intestinal tract and heart, but it also has some hepatotoxic effects. Main mechanism of its toxicity is the production of free reactive oxygen species. Polyhidroxilated C60 fullerene derivatives, fullerenol nanoparticles (FNP), act as free radical scavengers in in vitro systems. The aim of the study was to investigate potential FNP protective role against DOX-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Experiments were performed on adult male Wistar rats...
March 15, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314997/clinical-and-microbiological-outcomes-in-haematogenous-spondylodiscitis-treated-conservatively
#5
Tiziana Ascione, Giovanni Balato, Sigismondo Luca Di Donato, Pasquale Pagliano, Francesco Granata, Gianluca Colella, Carlo Ruosi
INTRODUCTION: Spondylodiscitis refers to infections of the intervertebral disc and the adjacent vertebral body. Although it is still considered a rare condition, its rate is projected to increase. Mortality rate is considered to be low, but an estimated one third of the survivors experience residual disabilities. Literature shows that uncomplicated spondylodiscitis can be adequately treated by early antibiotic therapy and immobilization. The aim of the study is to evaluate the outcome of conservative treatment in patients with haematogenous spondylodiscitis...
March 17, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306487/effects-of-various-factors-on-doppler-ultrasonographic-measurements-of-radial-and-coccygeal-arterial-blood-pressure-in-privately-owned-conscious-cats
#6
Jacqueline C Whittemore, Michael R Nystrom, Dianne I Mawby
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of age, body condition score (BCS), and muscle condition score (MCS) on radial and coccygeal systolic arterial blood pressure (SAP) in cats. DESIGN Prospective randomized trial. ANIMALS 66 privately owned cats enrolled between May and December 2010. PROCEDURES BCS and MCS of cats were assessed by 2 investigators; SAP was measured via Doppler ultrasonic flow detector, with cats positioned in right lateral or sternal recumbency for measurements at the radial or coccygeal artery, respectively, with order of site randomized...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303367/effects-of-long-term-multicomponent-exercise-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-evidence-from-a-cohort-study
#7
Liliana C Baptista, Gonçalo Dias, Nelba R Souza, Manuel T Veríssimo, Raul A Martins
PURPOSE: To establish the effect of a long-term multicomponent exercise (LTMEX) intervention (24 months) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), in older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: This longitudinal retrospective cohort study analyzes the effects of a supervised LTMEX program on HRQoL in older adults with T2D (n = 279). Participants underwent one of two conditions: LTMEX (n = 241) trained three times per week; and unchanged lifestyle-the control group (CO; n = 38)...
March 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296956/equifat-a-novel-scoring-system-for-the-semi-quantitative-evaluation-of-regional-adipose-tissues-in-equidae
#8
Philippa K Morrison, Patricia A Harris, Charlotte A Maltin, Dai Grove-White, Caroline McG Argo
Anatomically distinct adipose tissues represent variable risks to metabolic health in man and some other mammals. Quantitative-imaging of internal adipose depots is problematic in large animals and associations between regional adiposity and health are poorly understood. This study aimed to develop and test a semi-quantitative system (EQUIFAT) which could be applied to regional adipose tissues. Anatomically-defined, photographic images of adipose depots (omental, mesenteric, epicardial, rump) were collected from 38 animals immediately post-mortem...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292323/relationships-between-pathologic-subjective-halitosis-olfactory-reference-syndrome-and-social-anxiety-in-young-japanese-women
#9
Miho Tsuruta, Toru Takahashi, Miki Tokunaga, Masanori Iwasaki, Shota Kataoka, Satoko Kakuta, Inho Soh, Shuji Awano, Hiromi Hirata, Masaharu Kagawa, Toshihiro Ansai
BACKGROUND: Pathologic subjective halitosis is known as a halitosis complaint without objective confirmation of halitosis by others or by halitometer measurements; it has been reported to be associated with social anxiety disorder. Olfactory reference syndrome is a preoccupation with the false belief that one emits a foul and offensive body odor. Generally, patients with olfactory reference syndrome are concerned with multiple body parts. However, the mouth is known to be the most common source of body odor for those with olfactory reference syndrome, which could imply that the two conditions share similar features...
March 14, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291486/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-nurse-coaching-vs-herbal-supplementation-for-weight-reduction-in-soldiers
#10
Mary S McCarthy, Evelyn B Elshaw, Barbara M Szekely, Curtis Hobbs
The number of overweight and obese service members has tripled since the beginning of Overseas Contingency Operations.1 Overwhelming evidence suggesting links between obesity and increased risk for conditions such as musculoskeletal injuries, type II diabetes, and cardiovascular disease,2 poses a threat to the strength and performance of our current and future fighting force. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to test nurse health coaching (NHC) and/or herbal supplementation for weight reduction in Soldiers during a 12-week intervention...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290937/depression-and-anxiety-in-greek-male-veterans-after-retirement
#11
Aspa Kypraiou, Pavlos Sarafis, Andreas Tsounis, Georgia Bitsi, Elias Andreanides, Theodoros Constantinidis, Evaggelia Kotrotsiou, Maria Malliarou
INTRODUCTION: Retirement is a turning point in human life, resulting in changes to physical and mental health status. The aim of this study was to examine the factors that are related with depression and anxiety symptoms in Greek male veterans after retirement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 502 veterans participated in a cross-sectional study. Beck Depression Inventory for depression assessment and Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory for anxiety assessment were used...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288646/fatigue-and-sleepiness-determine-respiratory-quality-of-life-among-veterans-evaluated-for-sleep-apnea
#12
Denis Vinnikov, Paul D Blanc, Alaena Alilin, Moshe Zutler, Jon-Erik C Holty
BACKGROUND: In those with symptoms indicative of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), respiratory-specific health-related quality of life (HRQL) may be an important patient-centered outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the associations between sleepiness, fatigue, and impaired general and respiratory-specific HRQL among persons with suspected OSA. METHODS: We evaluated military veterans consecutively referred for suspected OSA with sleep studies yielding apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) values...
March 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284695/effects-of-rumen-undegradable-protein-supplementation-on-productive-performance-and-indicators-of-protein-and-energy-metabolism-in-holstein-fresh-cows
#13
H Amanlou, T Amirabadi Farahani, N Eslamian Farsuni
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of feeding increased dietary crude protein (CP) on productive performance and indicators of protein and energy metabolism during 21 d postpartum. Thirty multiparous Holstein dairy cows were balanced by previous lactation milk yield, body condition score (BCS) at calving, and parity and randomly allocated to 1 of 3 dietary treatments from calving until 21 d postpartum. Dietary treatments were 16.0% CP with 5.0% rumen undegradable protein (RUP) based on dry matter (DM) (16CP), 18...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282233/dietary-management-of-hyperthyroidism-in-a-dog
#14
Andrea Looney, Joseph Wakshlag
An 8 yr old female spayed golden retriever presented for a routine exam during which ventral cervical soft tissue masses were identified. History included weight loss, increased activity and appetite, gagging, and occasional diarrhea. Exam findings included a body condition score of 4/9 and palpable ventral cervical nodules. A serum thyroxine (T4) value was 8.0 ug/dL (normal = 0.8-3.5ug/dL). Doppler systolic blood pressure readings ranged from 200-210 mmHg (normal systolic blood pressure <150 mmHg). The diagnosis was hyperthyroidism due to active thyroid masses...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280478/an-examination-of-personality-traits-associated-with-autonomous-sensory-meridian-response-asmr
#15
Beverley Fredborg, Jim Clark, Stephen D Smith
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a perceptual condition in which the presentation of particular audio-visual stimuli triggers intense, pleasurable tingling sensations in the head and neck regions, which may spread to the periphery of the body. These triggering stimuli are often socially intimate in nature, and usually involve repetition of movements and/or sounds (e.g., hearing whispering, watching someone brush her hair). Reports of ASMR experiences first appeared in online communities in 2010; since this time, these communities have expanded, with some groups consisting of over 100,000 members...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272815/clinically-healthy-overweight-and-obese-dogs-differ-from-lean-controls-in-select-cbc-and-serum-biochemistry-values
#16
Lauren B Radakovich, Matthew P Truelove, Stephen C Pannone, Christine S Olver, Kelly S Santangelo
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a global disease, affecting nearly half a billion people. Unfortunately, this trend is mirrored in our canine population. OBJECTIVES: As obesity is a complex inflammatory disease, there is a need to determine whether routine medical screening tests may indicate, or be influenced by, its presence. The objective of the current study was to determine if significant differences exist between CBC and biochemical profile values from control vs overweight/obese, client-owned dogs considered clinically healthy...
March 8, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266284/koala-retrovirus-genotyping-analyses-reveal-a-low-prevalence-of-korv-a-in-victorian-koalas-and-an-association-with-clinical-disease
#17
Alistair R Legione, Jade L S Patterson, Pam Whiteley, Simon M Firestone, Megan Curnick, Kate Bodley, Michael Lynch, James R Gilkerson, Fiona M Sansom, Joanne M Devlin
PURPOSE: Koala retrovirus (KoRV) is undergoing endogenization into the genome of koalas in Australia, providing an opportunity to assess the effect of retrovirus infection on the health of a population. The prevalence of KoRV in north-eastern Australia (Queensland and New South Wales) is 100 %, whereas previous preliminary investigations in south-eastern Australia (Victoria) suggested KoRV is present at a lower prevalence, although the values have varied widely. Here, we describe a large study of free-ranging koalas in Victoria to estimate the prevalence of KoRV and assess the clinical significance of KoRV infection in wild koalas...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265460/thoracoscopy-as-a-safe-and-effective-technique-for-exploring-calves-affected-with-bovine-respiratory-disease
#18
Natividad Perez-Villalobos, Iñaki Espinosa-Crespo, José Sampayo-Cabrera, Juan-Vicente González-Martín, Antonio Gonzalez-Bulnes, Susana Astiz
BACKGROUND: Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is one of the leading causes of economic losses in the beef and dairy industry. Reliable antemortem tools for diagnosing BRD would improve the efficacy of treatment and reduce costs. Here we examined whether the relatively simple technique of thoracoscopy can support BRD diagnosis under field conditions. We also compared various equipment set-ups in order to optimize the safety and efficacy of the procedure. A total of 24 thoracoscopic procedures were performed in 17 calves diagnosed with BRD and in 2 healthy control calves...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261588/comparison-of-visceral-fat-accumulation-and-metabolome-markers-among-cats-of-varying-bcs-and-novel-classification-of-feline-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome
#19
Yuki Okada, Motoo Kobayashi, Masaki Sawamura, Toshiro Arai
As in humans, obesity and its associated diseases represent the most significant threat to the health of veterinary populations. Previous human studies have provided insights into the risk factors of obesity, complex pathogenesis of obesity-associated diseases, and their life-threatening consequences. In humans, the "metabolic syndrome" represents a cluster of metabolic risk factors associated with the development of cardiovascular disease. Risk factors for metabolic syndrome, such as diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and its complications increase health-care utilization and medical expenses...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261557/behavioral-factors-related-to-sleep-quality-and-duration-in-adults
#20
Joohee Shim, Seung Wan Kang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to measure the sleep quality and duration in healthy adults and to identify any influencing factors. METHODS: This study was a descriptive research investigation that evaluated 240 healthy adults at least 19 years of age. The data were assessed using the following self-administered questionnaires: the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Beck Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Korean YZ, and the Fatigue Severity Scale...
January 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
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