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Y Yang, G Ferreira, C L Teets, B A Corl, W E Thomason, C A Griffey
The objectives of this study were to evaluate production performance, milk fatty acid composition, and nutrient digestibility in high-producing dairy cows consuming diets containing corn and hull-less barley (cultivar Amaze 10) in different proportions as the grain source. Eight primiparous and 16 multiparous Holstein cows were assigned to 1 of 4 diets in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design with 21-d periods. Cows were fed once daily (1200 h) by means of a Calan gate system (American Calan Inc., Northwood, NH)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
L López-Conesa, J M Rebled, D Pesquera, N Dix, F Sánchez, G Herranz, J Fontcuberta, C Magén, M J Casanove, S Estradé, F Peiró
LaNiO3 (LNO) thin films of 14 nm and 35 nm thicknesses grown epitaxially on LaAlO3 (LAO) and (LaAlO3)0.3(Sr2TaAlO6)0.7 (LSAT) substrates are studied using High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) and High Angle Annular Dark Field (HAADF) imaging. The strain state of the films is studied using Geometric Phase Analysis (GPA). Results show the successful in-plane adaptation of the films to the substrates, both in the compressive (LAO) and tensile (LSAT) cases. Through the systematic analysis of HRTEM superstructure contrast modulation along different crystal orientations, localized regions of the monoclinic LaNiO2...
March 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Dechun Zhou, Xuemei Bai, Hang Zhou
Ho(3+)/Tm(3+) co-doped 50TeO2-25GeO2-3WO3-5La2O3-3Nb2O5-5Li2O-9BaF2 glass fiber is prepared with the rod-tube drawing method of 15 μm core diameter and 125 μm inner cladding diameter applied in the 2.0 μm-infrared laser. The 2.0 μm luminescence properties of the core glass are researched and the fluorescence intensity variation for different Tm(3+) doping concentration is systematically analyzed. The results show that the 2.0 μm luminescence of Ho(3+) is greatly influenced by the doping concentration ratio of Ho(3+) to Tm(3+) and that the maximum fluorescence intensity of the core glass can be obtained and its emission cross section can reach 0...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Nana Kinoshita, Chikako Nagasato, Taizo Motomura
Brown algal swarmers usually exhibit positive or negative phototaxis. Such behaviours influence the increasing or decreasing dispersal distance or colonization on the new substratum. We confirmed that the sign of phototaxis (negative or positive) in male gametes of Mutimo cylindricus was affected by extracellular Ca(2+) influx through Ca(2+) channels. Under the control condition (10(-2) M [Ca(2+) ]), male gametes swimming with a helical rotation of their cell body mostly showed positive phototaxis. At 10(-3) M [Ca(2+) ], more than half of the male gametes showed positive phototaxis, whereas the others showed negative phototaxis...
March 15, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
K Harris, S Balcam
A male admitted in the early hours of the morning, complained of a four week, right sided, non-radiating, dull and intermittent abdominal pain. Imaging suggested a diagnosis of phlebosclerotic colitis which was later discounted when the patients' history of lanthanum carbonate ingestion was examined. Phlebosclerotic colitis mostly affects the Asian population, and its cause is still not known, but can be associated with specific radiographic features. Collections of lanthanum may confuse a diagnosis of phlebosclerotic colitis as well as other factors such as voxel errors, photon starvation and movement...
February 2017: Radiography
Kun-Yi Andrew Lin, Yu-Chien Chen, Tien-Yu Lin, Hongta Yang
Zirconia-supported LaCoO3 perovskite (LaCoO3/ZrO2 (LCZ)) is prepared and adopted for the first time as a heterogeneous catalyst for activating Oxone to degrade organic pollutants. The resulting LCZ exhibits a significantly higher surface area (i.e., 10 times) than bulk LaCoO3 powder as nanoscale LaCoO3 particles were easily afforded on the surface of ZrO2 support. As Rhodamine B (RB) decolorization is selected as a model test to evaluate catalytic activity for activating Oxone, LCZ showed a much higher catalytic activity to activate Oxone than LaCoO3 even though LCZ contained only 12...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Soledad Perez Catán, Debora Bubach, Carla Di Fonzo, Laura Dopchiz, Maria Arribére, Martin Ansaldo
We report the contents of elements in feathers of Chinstrap penguin (Pygoscelis antarcticus), which had not been informed up to now, such as silver and bromine and others listed as hazardous by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as arsenic, cobalt, chromium, and mercury. Analyses of the element concentrations in feathers, adult and chicken, from Barton Peninsulas at 25 de Mayo (King George) Island, South Shetlands, were made by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis. Samarium, lanthanum a, thorium, and uranium concentrations in Chinstrap penguin feathers were below 0...
March 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yang Li, Yanqi Yang, Fei Shen, Gang Yang, Yanzong Zhang, Shihuai Deng, Jing Zhang, Yongmei Zeng, Yaodong Hu
Biochar (BC) produced from oak sawdust by slow pyrolysis was investigated to check the potential inhibition to early growth of tomato for phytotoxicity assessment. An inverted-U-shaped dose-response relationship between BC dosage and seed germination/seedling growth can be observed. Half maximal effective concentration (EC50), based on the inhibition rate of root and stem length, was 65.7 and 74.0 g kg(-1), respectively. At the highest BC dosage of 80.0 g kg(-1), germination rate, root, and shoot length were notably inhibited by 34...
March 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Keenan N Woods, Tsung-Han Chiang, Paul N Plassmeyer, Matthew G Kast, Alexander C Lygo, Aidan K Grealish, Shannon W Boettcher, Catherine J Page
Metal oxide thin films are critical components in modern electronic applications. In particular, high-κ dielectrics are of interest for reducing power consumption in metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) field-effect transistors. Although thin-film materials are typically produced via vacuum-based methods, solution deposition offers a scalable and cost-efficient alternative. We report an all-inorganic aqueous solution route to amorphous lanthanum zirconium oxide (La2Zr2O7, LZO) dielectric thin films. LZO films were spin-cast from aqueous solutions of metal nitrates and annealed at temperatures between 300 and 600 °C to produce dense, defect-free, and smooth films with subnanometer roughness...
March 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Stevin S Pramana, Andrea Cavallaro, Jiahui Qi, Chris L Nicklin, Mary P Ryan, Stephen J Skinner
The surface crystallography and chemistry of a LaAlO3 single crystal, a material mainly used as a substrate to deposit technologically important thin films (e.g. for superconducting and magnetic devices), was analysed using surface X-ray diffraction and low energy ion scattering spectroscopy. The surface was determined to be terminated by Al-O species, and was significantly different from the idealised bulk structure. Termination reversal was not observed at higher temperature (600 °C) and chamber pressure of 10(-10) Torr, but rather an increased Al-O occupancy occurred, which was accompanied by a larger outwards relaxation of Al from the bulk positions...
March 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
Anna M Kaczmarek, Kristof Van Hecke, Rik Van Deun
A rare case of low-percentage trivalent lanthanide doping in multinuclear lanthanide polyoxometalates (LnPOMs) was investigated. The [La4(MoO4)(H2O)16(Mo7O24)4](14-) polyanion was chosen as the host material for this study. In this polyanion the central [La4(MoO4)](10+) core is coordinated by four heptamolybdate groups as well as 16 water molecules. The tetranuclear lanthanum POM was doped with 5% of Eu(3+), Tb(3+), Sm(3+), Dy(3+), Nd(3+), Er(3+), and Yb(3+) (according to synthesis), and the structures and luminescence properties of the x%Ln:LaPOMs were investigated...
March 2, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Kazuma Ogawa, Miho Aoki, Tadahisa Fukuda, Sumi Kadono, Tatsuto Kiwada, Akira Odani
Radioactive nuclides leak into the surrounding environment after nuclear power plant disasters, such as the Chernobyl accident and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant disaster. Cesium-137 ((137)Cs) (t1/2=30.1 year), a water-soluble radionuclide with a long physical half-life, contaminates aquatic ecosystems and food products. In humans, (137)Cs concentrates in muscle tissue and has a long biological half-life, indicating it may be harmful. myo-Inositol-hexakisphosphate (IP6) is a compound found in grain, beans, and oil seeds...
2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
M S McDonald, A D Gallimore, D M Goebel
We present an improved heater design for thermionic cathodes using a rhenium filament encased in a boron nitride ceramic sleeve. This heater is relatively simple to fabricate, yet has been successfully used to reliably and repeatably light a lanthanum hexaboride (LaB6) hollow cathode based on a previously published design without noticeable filament degradation over hundreds of hours of operation. The high decomposition temperature of boron nitride (2800 C for inert environments) and melting point for rhenium (3180 C) make this heater especially attractive for use with LaB6, which may require operating temperatures upwards of 1700 C...
February 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
O B Pavlovska, L O Vasylechko, I V Lutsyuk, N M Koval, Ya A Zhydachevskii, A Pieniążek
Micro- and nanocrystalline lanthanum-samarium ferrites La1-x Sm x FeO3 with orthorhombic perovskite structure were obtained by using both solid state reactions (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8) and sol-gel synthesis (x = 0.5) techniques. Obtained structural parameters of both series of La1-x Sm x FeO3 are in excellent agreement with the "pure" LaFeO3 and SmFeO3 compounds, thus proving formation of continuous solid solution in the LaFeO3-SmFeO3 system. Peculiarity of La1-x Sm x FeO3 solid solution is divergence behaviour of unit cell dimensions with increasing x: systematic decrease of the a and c lattice parameters is accompanied with increasing b parameter...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Nigar Sekercioglu, Argie Angeliki Veroniki, Lehana Thabane, Jason W Busse, Noori Akhtar-Danesh, Alfonso Iorio, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Gordon H Guyatt
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD), a complication of chronic kidney disease, has been linked to reduced quality and length of life. High serum phosphate levels that result from CKD-MBD require phosphate-lowering agents, also known as phosphate binders. The objective of this systematic review is to compare the effects of available phosphate binders on laboratory outcomes in patients with CKD-MBD. METHODS: Data sources included MEDLINE and EMBASE from January 1996 to April 2016, and the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials up to April 2016...
2017: PloS One
Isaac W Boateng, Richard Tia, Evans Adei, Nelson Y Dzade, C Richard A Catlow, Nora H de Leeuw
The ABO3 perovskite lanthanum ferrite (LaFeO3) is a technologically important electrode material for nickel-metal hydride batteries, energy storage and catalysis. However, the electrochemical hydrogen adsorption mechanism on LaFeO3 surfaces remains under debate. In the present study, we have employed spin-polarized density functional theory calculations, with the Hubbard U correction (DFT+U), to unravel the adsorption mechanism of H2 on the LaFeO3(010) surface. We show from our calculated adsorption energies that the preferred site for H2 adsorption is the Fe-O bridge site, with an adsorption energy of -1...
February 28, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Masaya Iwamuro, Haruo Urata, Takehiro Tanaka, Akemi Ando, Takahiro Nada, Kosuke Kimura, Kenji Yamauchi, Chiaki Kusumoto, Fumio Otsuka, Hiroyuki Okada
After having been treated with lanthanum carbonate administration for 4 years for hyperphosphatemia, a 75-year-old Japanese woman undergoing hemodialysis was diagnosed with lanthanum phosphate deposition in the stomach. The deposition, seen as white microgranules, was observed using esophagogastroduodenoscopy with magnifying observation. To the best of our knowledge, these are the minutest endoscopy images of lanthanum phosphate deposition in the gastric mucosa. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation enabled easier identification of the deposited material, which was visible as bright areas...
February 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
Sudesh Kumari, Wenjin Cao, Dilrukshi Hewage, Ruchira Silva, Dong-Sheng Yang
La(C3H4) and La(C3H6) are observed from the reaction of laser-vaporized La atoms with propene by photoionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and characterized by mass-analyzed threshold ionization spectroscopy. Two isomers of La(C3H4) are identified as methyl-lanthanacyclopropene [La(CHCCH3)] (Cs) and lanthanacyclobutene [La(CHCHCH2)] (C1); La(C3H6) is determined to be H-La(η(3)-allyl) (Cs), a C-H bond inserted species. All three metal-hydrocarbon radicals prefer a doublet ground state with a La 6s-based electron configuration...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Rui Xu, Meiyi Zhang, Robert J G Mortimer, Gang Pan
Lanthanum (La) bearing materials have been widely used to remove phosphorus (P) in water treatment. However, it remains a challenge to enhance phosphate (PO4) adsorption capacity and La usage efficiency. In this study, La was coprecipitated with aluminum (Al) to obtain a La/Al-hydroxide composite (LAH) for P adsorption. The maximum PO4 adsorption capacities of LAH (5.3% La) were 76.3 and 45.3 mg P g(-1) at pH 4.0 and 8.5, which were 8.5 and 5.3 times higher than those of commercially available La-modified bentonite (Phoslock, 5...
March 9, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Virginia Peyres, Teresa Crespo, Marcos Mejuto, Eduardo García-Toraño
This paper discusses the use of CeBr3 detectors for the analysis of NORM samples. These detectors have a number of characteristics that make them suitable to field measurements: they can work at ambient temperatures, have better energy resolution than NaI(Tl) detectors for energies over 100keV and do not present the radioactive contamination typical of the lanthanum halides detectors. Results of the measurements made at the laboratory for three reference materials are compared to those made using a conventional HPGe gamma-ray spectrometer system...
February 14, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
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