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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934673/an-analysis-of-chemicals-and-other-constituents-found-in-produced-water-from-hydraulically-fractured-wells-in-california-and-the-challenges-for-wastewater-management
#1
Emily A Chittick, Tanja Srebotnjak
As high-volume hydraulic fracturing (HF) has grown substantially in the United States over the past decade, so has the volume of produced water (PW), i.e., briny water brought to the surface as a byproduct of oil and gas production. According to a recent study (Groundwater Protection Council, 2015), more than 21 billion barrels of PW were generated in 2012. In addition to being high in TDS, PW may contain hydrocarbons, PAH, alkylphenols, naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), metals, and other organic and inorganic substances...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933909/a-cross-level-investigation-of-informal-field-based-learning-and-performance-improvements
#2
Mikhail A Wolfson, Scott I Tannenbaum, John E Mathieu, M Travis Maynard
Organizations often operate in complex and dynamic environments which place a premium on employees' ongoing learning and acquisition of new competencies. Additionally, the majority of learning in organizations does not take place in formal training settings, but we know relatively little about how informal field-based learning (IFBL) behaviors relate to changes in job performance. In this study, we first clarified the construct of IFBL as a subset of informal learning. Second, on the basis of this clarified construct definition, we developed a measure of IFBL behaviors and demonstrated its psychometric properties using (a) a sample of subject matter experts who made item content validity judgments and (b) both an Amazon Mechanical Turk sample (N = 400) and a sample of 1,707 healthcare employees...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933342/ongoing-outbreak-with-well-over-4-000-measles-cases-in-italy-from-january-to-end-august-2017-what-is-making-elimination-so-difficult
#3
Antonietta Filia, Antonino Bella, Martina Del Manso, Melissa Baggieri, Fabio Magurano, Maria Cristina Rota
We report an ongoing measles outbreak in Italy, with over 4,400 cases reported in 20 Regions from January to August 2017. Median age was 27 years, 88% of the cases were unvaccinated. The highest incidence was in infants below one year of age and 7% of cases occurred among healthcare workers. Three deaths occurred and two cases of encephalitis were reported. Wide immunity gaps and nosocomial transmission are major challenges to measles elimination in Italy.
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932258/the-effect-for-japanese-workers-of-a-self-help-computerized-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-soft-drink
#4
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Tomifusa Kuboki, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) programs can provide a useful self-help approach to the treatment of psychological problems. Previous studies have shown that CCBT has moderate effects on depression, insomnia, and anxiety. The present study investigated whether a supplement drink that includes L-carnosine enhances the effect of CCBT on psychological well-being. METHODS: Eighty-seven participants were randomly allocated to a control group, CCBT, or CCBT with supplement drink...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932109/evaluation-on-the-implementation-of-respiratory-protection-measures-in-old-age-homes
#5
Diana Tf Lee, Doris Yu, Margaret Ip, Jennifer Ym Tang
PURPOSE: Old age homes (OAHs) represent a vulnerable community for influenza outbreaks. Effective implementation of respiratory protection measures has been identified as an effective prevention measure to reduce mortality and morbidity caused by such outbreaks. Yet, relatively little is known about this aspect in these homes. This study evaluated the implementation of respiratory protection measures among infection control officers (ICOs) and health care workers (HCWs) in these homes in Hong Kong...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931383/evaluation-of-caregiver-friendly-workplace-policy-cfwps-interventions-on-the-health-of-full-time-caregiver-employees-ces-implementation-and-cost-benefit-analysis
#6
Allison M Williams, Emile Tompa, Donna S Lero, Janet Fast, Amin Yazdani, Isik U Zeytinoglu
BACKGROUND: Current Canadian evidence illustrating the health benefits and cost-effectiveness of caregiver-friendly workplace policies is needed if Canadian employers are to adopt and integrate caregiver-friendly workplace policies into their employment practices. The goal of this three-year, three study research project is to provide such evidence for the auto manufacturing and educational services sectors. The research questions being addressed are: What are the impacts for employers (economic) and workers (health) of caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s) for full-time caregiver-employees? What are the impacts for employers, workers and society of the caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s) in each participating workplace? What contextual factors impact the successful implementation of caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s)? METHODS: Using a pre-post-test comparative case study design, Study A will determine the effectiveness of newly implemented caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s) across two workplaces to determine impacts on caregiver-employee health...
September 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931084/barcoding-snakeheads-teleostei-channidae-revisited-discovering-greater-species-diversity-and-resolving-perpetuated-taxonomic-confusions
#7
Cecilia Conte-Grand, Ralf Britz, Neelesh Dahanukar, Rajeev Raghavan, Rohan Pethiyagoda, Heok Hui Tan, Renny K Hadiaty, Norsham S Yaakob, Lukas Rüber
Snakehead fishes of the family Channidae are predatory freshwater teleosts from Africa and Asia comprising 38 valid species. Snakeheads are important food fishes (aquaculture, live food trade) and have been introduced widely with several species becoming highly invasive. A channid barcode library was recently assembled by Serrao and co-workers to better detect and identify potential and established invasive snakehead species outside their native range. Comparing our own recent phylogenetic results of this taxonomically confusing group with those previously reported revealed several inconsistencies that prompted us to expand and improve on previous studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931021/zoonotic-infection-of-brazilian-primate-workers-with-new-world-simian-foamy-virus
#8
Cláudia P Muniz, Liliane T F Cavalcante, Hongwei Jia, HaoQiang Zheng, Shaohua Tang, Anderson M Augusto, Alcides Pissinatti, Luiz P Fedullo, André F Santos, Marcelo A Soares, William M Switzer
Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) are retroviruses present in nearly all nonhuman primates (NHPs), including Old World primates (OWP) and New World primates (NWP). While all confirmed human infections with SFV are from zoonotic transmissions originating from OWP, little is known about the zoonotic transmission potential of NWP SFV. We conducted a longitudinal, prospective study of 56 workers occupationally exposed to NWP in Brazil. Plasma from these workers was tested using Western blot (WB) assays containing NWP SFV antigens...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927408/paramedical-staffs-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-antimicrobial-resistance-in-dire-dawa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Belay Tafa, Adugna Endale, Desalegn Bekele
BACKGROUND: The continuing emergence, development and spread of pathogenic organisms that are resistant to antimicrobials are a cause of increasing concern. The control of antimicrobial resistance requires knowledge of factors causing antimicrobial resistance, good attitudes towards the intervention strategies as well as changes in antibiotic prescribing behavior of health workers. Hence, this study was aimed to assess paramedical staffs' knowledge and attitudes towards antimicrobial resistance and their antibiotics prescription practices in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927166/experimental-evaluation-of-respirable-dust-and-crystalline-silica-controls-during-simulated-performance-of-stone-countertop-fabrication-tasks-with-powered-hand-tools
#10
David L Johnson, Margaret L Phillips, Chaolong Qi, Anthony T Van, Danielle A Hawley
Objectives: Workers who fabricate stone countertops using hand tools are at risk of silicosis from overexposure to respirable crystalline silica. This study explored the efficacy of simple engineering controls that can be used for dust suppression during use of hand tools by stone countertop fabricators. Methods: Controlled experiments were conducted to measure whether wet methods and on-tool local exhaust ventilation (LEV) reduced respirable dust (RD) exposures during use of various powered hand tools on quartz-rich engineered stone...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926569/am-i-who-i-say-i-am-unobtrusive-self-representation-and-personality-recognition-on-facebook
#11
Margeret Hall, Simon Caton
Across social media platforms users (sub)consciously represent themselves in a way which is appropriate for their intended audience. This has unknown impacts on studies with unobtrusive designs based on digital (social) platforms, and studies of contemporary social phenomena in online settings. A lack of appropriate methods to identify, control for, and mitigate the effects of self-representation, the propensity to express socially responding characteristics or self-censorship in digital settings, hinders the ability of researchers to confidently interpret and generalize their findings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925920/low-radon-exposure-and-mortality-among-jouac-uranium-miners-an-update-of-the-french-cohort-1946-2007
#12
Estelle Rage, Sylvaine Caër-Lorho, Dominique Laurier
After the extension of the French cohort of uranium miners with the inclusion of workers employed in the Jouac mines, this article seeks to describe the new Jouac cohort and to estimate mortality risks, as well as to quantify their relation to radon exposure in this extended cohort. The Jouac cohort includes 458 miners hired by the Société des Mines de Jouac between 1957 and 2001. As there is no measurement of radon exposure before 1978 were unavailable, only the post-1977 Jouac cohort (n=314) has been included in the French cohort, creating an extended cohort of 5400 French uranium miners followed up from 1946 to 2007...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925331/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-modular-clothing-protecting-against-the-cold-based-on-physiological-tests
#13
Anna Marszałek, Grażyna Bartkowiak, Anna Dąbrowska
At many work stations under cold environment, protective clothing, which is provided for the workers is characterized by an inadequate thermal insulation, which results in an adverse impact of cold environment on a worker's body. The purpose of this paper is to present a developed new ergonomic modular cold protective clothing, which allows for easy adaptation of the thermal insulation of clothing to worker's individual needs. This clothing was compared in a laboratory study with the clothing having been used so far by workers of cold environment using physiological and physical measurements, subjective ratings of thermal state as well a questionnaire of subjective assessment of used clothing...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923472/current-asthma-and-asthma-like-symptoms-among-workers-at-a-veterans-administration-medical-center
#14
Laura Kurth, Mohammed Abbas Virji, Eileen Storey, Susan Framberg, Christa Kallio, Jordan Fink, Anthony Scott Laney
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare workers are at increased risk for respiratory disorders. The purpose of our respiratory health survey was to estimate the prevalence of current asthma and asthma-like symptoms and their association with workplace exposures and tasks among healthcare workers at a Veterans Administration (VA) Medical Center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information on respiratory health and work characteristics, including tasks performed, products used, and exposures, were collected by questionnaire from a convenience sample of workers employed at the VA Medical Center during 2012-2014...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923435/ptsd-burnout-and-well-being-among-rescue-workers-seeking-to-understand-the-impact-of-the-european-refugee-crisis-on-rescuers
#15
Vasiliki-Eirini Chatzea, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Sofia-Aikaterini Vlachaki, Evangelos Melidoniotis, Georgia Pistolla
Individuals who perform rescue and recovery duties, as part of their daily work activities, confront diverse stressors that can affect their mental state and overall well-being. The study aimed to assess the prevalence and the factors associated with self-assessed PTSD, perceived well-being and burnout among rescue workers operating at Lesvos during the European refugees crisis. 217 rescuers participated in the study, while the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C), the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Well-being Index (WHO-5) were utilized...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919824/strengthening-participation-by-young-women-sex-workers-in-hiv-programs-reflections-on-a-study-from-bangkok-thailand
#16
Cath Conn, Kristel Modderman, Shoba Nayar
BACKGROUND: Participation is an accepted means of increasing the effectiveness of public health programs, and as such, it is considered an important component of HIV interventions targeting at-risk youth. The situation of young women sex workers in Thailand is alarming on many fronts, including that of HIV risk. As a result, HIV programs in Thailand are the key interventions undertaken in relation to young women sex workers' health. A small-scale study used semistructured interviews to explore the participation reports of five young women sex workers, as well as the related views of two community support workers, who lived and worked in Bangkok, Thailand...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919763/sociodemographic-variables-and-social-values-relationship-with-work-attendance-problems-in-brunei-public-and-private-sector-employees
#17
Lawrence Mundia, Salwa Mahalle, Rohani Matzin, Gamal Abdul Nasir Zakaria, Nor Zaiham Midawati Abdullah
OBJECTIVE: The study investigated the degree to which selected sociodemographic variables and social values were related to work-attendance problems in a random sample of 860 Brunei public- and private-sector employees and the nature of this relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quantitative study used the field-survey approach to administer research instruments directly to participants. This enabled the researchers to help participants who needed assistance in completing the measures properly, so as to increase the number of usable returns...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916146/chinese-sacbrood-virus-infection-in-asian-honey-bees-apis-cerana-cerana-and-host-immune-responses-to-the-virus-infection
#18
Liu Shan, Wang Liuhao, Guo Jun, Tang Yujie, Chen Yanping, Wu Jie, Li Jilian
Chinese Sacbrood virus (CSBV) is a positive-stranded RNAvirus that infects both the European honey bee (Apis mellifera) and the Asian honey bee (A. cerana). However, CSBV has much more devastating effects on Asian honey bees than on European honey bees, posing a serious threat to the agricultural and natural ecosystems that rely on A. cerana for pollination service. Using quantitative RT-PCR method, we conducted studies to examine the CSBV infection in Asian honey bee colonies and immune responses of individual bees in response to CSBV infection...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915095/ethical-considerations-for-social-workers-working-with-muslim-refugees
#19
Jennifer Simmelink McCleary, Serena Chaudhry
In 2016 almost 39,000 Muslim refugees entered the United States, representing a record of admissions during a time of elevated anti-Muslim political rhetoric and public sentiment. Anti-Muslim attitudes and policies can affect refugees' ability to successfully resettle and contribute to decreased health status. Given the current social and political moment there is an ethical imperative for social workers to engage in resistance to anti-Muslim sentiment and the encoding of Islamophobia in resettlement policy...
September 15, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911939/evaluation-of-airborne-sensory-irritants-for-setting-exposure-limits-or-guidelines-a-systematic-approach
#20
REVIEW
Gunnar Damgaard Nielsen, Peder Wolkoff
Sensory irritation of eyes and upper airways is an important endpoint for setting occupational exposure limits (OELs) and indoor air guidelines. Sensory irritants cause a painful burning, stinging and itching sensation. Controlled chamber studies are the "golden standard" for evaluations. Well conducted workplace studies offer another possibility. For generalization, the number of participants and their age, smoking, gender, and prior exposure, experience and mood has to be considered. Exposure assessments have to be reliable and exposure duration sufficiently long to establish time-response relationships...
September 11, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
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