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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100263/benzene-poisoning-clinical-and-blood-abnormalities-in-two-brazilian-female-gas-station-attendants-two-case-reports
#1
Fábio Santiago, Simone Lima, Tayná Pinheiro, Rafaele Tavares Silvestre, Ubirani Barros Otero, Marianne Medeiros Tabalipa, Nadezda Kosyakova, Maria Helena Ornellas, Thomas Liehr, Gilda Alves
BACKGROUND: Brazilian gas station workers are chronically exposed to benzene, toluene, xylene (BTX) during their working time. Describe below two cases of latin female gas station workers with benzene poisoning symptoms and miscarriage history. CASE PRESENTATION: In both cases were identified complex chromosomal rearrangements (CCR) with fluorescence in situ hybridization, applied to whole chromosome paints by chromosomes 1, 2 and 4. The lower natural killer cell (NK) cells have also been observed in cases correspondents, especially the rare type of NK (NKbright) in their peripheral blood cells...
January 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#2
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099588/dobutamine-stress-echocardiography-safety-in-chagas-disease-patients
#3
Daniela do Carmo Rassi, Marcelo Luiz Campos Vieira, Rogerio Gomes Furtado, Fabio de Paula Turco, Luciano Henrique Melato, Viviane Tiemi Hotta, Colandy Godoy de Oliveira Nunes, Luiz Rassi, Salvador Rassi
Background: A few decades ago, patients with Chagas disease were predominantly rural workers, with a low risk profile for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). As urbanization has increased, they became exposed to the same risk factors for CAD of uninfected individuals. Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has proven to be an important tool in CAD diagnosis. Despite being a potentially arrhythmogenic method, it is safe for coronary patients without Chagas disease. For Chagas disease patients, however, the indication of DSE in clinical practice is uncertain, because of the arrhythmogenic potential of that heart disease...
January 16, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099475/development-of-a-patient-centred-psychosocial-support-intervention-for-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-mdr-tb-care-in-nepal
#4
Sudeepa Khanal, Helen Elsey, Rebecca King, Sushil C Baral, Bharat Raj Bhatta, James N Newell
Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses a major threat to public health worldwide, particularly in low-income countries. The current long (20 month) and arduous treatment regime uses powerful drugs with side-effects that include mental ill-health. It has a high loss-to-follow-up (25%) and higher case fatality and lower cure-rates than those with drug sensitive tuberculosis (TB). While some national TB programmes provide small financial allowances to patients, other aspects of psychosocial ill-health, including iatrogenic ones, are not routinely assessed or addressed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099106/costing-in-radiology-and-health-care-rationale-relativity-rudiments-and-realities
#5
Geoffrey D Rubin
Costs direct decisions that influence the effectiveness of radiology in the care of patients on a daily basis. Yet many radiologists struggle to harness the power of cost measurement and cost management as a critical path toward establishing their value in patient care. When radiologists cannot articulate their value, they risk losing control over how imaging is delivered and supported. In the United States, recent payment trends directing value-based payments for bundles of care advance the imperative for radiology providers to articulate their value...
February 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096691/pain-acceptance-potentially-mediates-the-relationship-between-pain-catastrophizing-and-post-surgery-outcomes-among-compensated-lumbar-fusion-patients
#6
Cassie Dance, M Scott DeBerard, Jessica Gundy Cuneo
PURPOSE: Chronic low back pain is highly prevalent and often treatment recalcitrant condition, particularly among workers' compensation patients. There is a need to identify psychological factors that may predispose such patients to pain chronicity. The primary aim of this study was to examine whether pain acceptance potentially mediated the relationship between pain catastrophizing and post-surgical outcomes in a sample of compensated lumbar fusion patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients insured with the Workers Compensation Fund of Utah and who were at least 2 years post-lumbar fusion surgery completed an outcome survey...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096314/exposure-to-recycled-uranium-contaminants-in-gaseous-diffusion-plants
#7
Jeri L Anderson, A Iulian Apostoaei, James H Yiin, Chih-Yu Tseng
As part of an ongoing study of health effects in a pooled cohort of gaseous diffusion plant workers, organ dose from internal exposure to uranium was evaluated. Due to the introduction of recycled uranium into the plants, there was also potential for exposure to radiologically significant levels of (99)Tc, (237)Np and (238,239)Pu. In the evaluation of dose response, these radionuclide exposures could confound the effect of internal uranium. Using urine bioassay data for study subjects reported in facility records, intakes and absorbed dose to bone surface, red bone marrow and kidneys were estimated as these organs were associated with a priori outcomes of interest...
January 16, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095838/communication-with-families-regarding-organ-and-tissue-donation-after-death-in-intensive-care-comfort-protocol-for-an-intervention-study
#8
Julie E Potter, Robert G Herkes, Lin Perry, Rosalind M Elliott, Anders Aneman, Jorge L Brieva, Elena Cavazzoni, Andrew T H Cheng, Michael J O'Leary, Ian M Seppelt, Val Gebski
BACKGROUND: Discussing deceased organ donation can be difficult not only for families but for health professionals who initiate and manage the conversations. It is well recognised that the methods of communication and communication skills of health professionals are key influences on decisions made by families regarding organ donation. METHODS: This multicentre study is being performed in nine intensive care units with follow-up conducted by the Organ and Tissue Donation Service in New South Wales (NSW) Australia...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093502/heat-strain-volume-depletion-and-kidney-function-in-california-agricultural-workers
#9
Sally Moyce, Diane Mitchell, Tracey Armitage, Daniel Tancredi, Jill Joseph, Marc Schenker
BACKGROUND: Agricultural work can expose workers to increased risk of heat strain and volume depletion due to repeated exposures to high ambient temperatures, arduous physical exertion and limited rehydration. These risk factors may result in acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: We estimated AKI cumulative incidence in a convenience sample of 283 agricultural workers based on elevations of serum creatinine between preshift and postshift blood samples. Heat strain was assessed based on changes in core body temperature and heart rate...
January 16, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092727/sitting-ducks-face-chronic-disease-an-analysis-of-newspaper-coverage-of-sedentary-behaviour-as-a-health-issue-in-australia-2000-2012
#10
Josephine Y Chau, Catriona Bonfiglioli, Amy Zhong, Zeljko Pedisic, Michelle Daley, Bronwyn McGill, Adrian Bauman
Issue addressed: This study examines how sedentary behaviour (too much sitting) was covered as a health issue by Australian newspapers and how physical activity was framed within this newspaper coverage.Methods: Articles featuring sedentary behaviour published in Australian newspapers between 2000 and 2012 were analysed for content and framing. Main outcome measures were volume, number and content of newspaper articles; framing and types of sedentary behaviour; responsibility for the problem of and solutions to high levels of sedentary behaviour; and physical activity mentions and how it was framed within sedentary behaviour coverage...
January 12, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092210/the-insights-of-health-and-welfare-professionals-on-hurdles-that-impede-economic-evaluations-of-welfare-interventions
#11
J Schepers, J Plaete, I De Bourdeaudhuij, L Annemans, S Simoens
OBJECTIVES: Four hurdles associated with economic evaluations in welfare interventions were identified and discussed in a previous published literature review. These hurdles include (i) 'Ignoring the impact of condition-specific outcomes', (ii) 'Ignoring the impact of QoL externalities', (iii) 'Calculation of costs from a too narrow perspective' and (iv) 'The lack of well-described & standardized interventions'. This study aims to determine how healthcare providers and social workers experience and deal with these hurdles in practice and what solutions or new insights they would suggest...
January 16, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091762/good-jobs-good-pay-better-health-the-effects-of-job-quality-on-health-among-older-european-workers
#12
Golo Henseke
Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, this study presents new evidence on the effects of job quality on the occurrence of severe acute conditions, the level of cardiovascular risk factors, musculoskeletal disorders, mental health, functional disabilities and self-assessed health among workers aged 50+. By combining intrinsic job quality with job insecurity and pay the study maps out multiple potential pathways through which work may affect health and well-being. Levering longitudinal data and external information on early retirement ages allows for accounting of unobserved heterogeneity, selection bias and reverse causality...
January 13, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091355/a-systematic-review-evaluating-the-impact-of-paid-home-carer-training-supervision-and-other-interventions-on-the-health-and-well-being-of-older-home-care-clients
#13
Claudia Cooper, Blerta Cenko, Briony Dow, Penny Rapaport
BACKGROUND: Interventions to support and skill paid home carers and managers could potentially improve health and well-being of older home care clients. This is the first systematic review of interventions to improve how home carers and home care agencies deliver care to older people, with regard to clients' health and well-being and paid carers' well-being, job satisfaction, and retention. METHODS: We reviewed 10/731 papers found in the electronic search (to January 2016) fitting predetermined criteria, assessed quality using a checklist, and synthesized data using quantitative and qualitative techniques...
January 16, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090176/updates-on-knowledge-attitude-and-preventive-practices-on-tuberculosis-among-healthcare-workers
#14
REVIEW
Farhanah Abd Wahab, Sarimah Abdullah, Jafri Malin Abdullah, Hasnan Jaafar, Siti Suraiya Md Noor, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohammad, Abdul Aziz Mohamed Yusoff, John Tharakan, Shalini Bhaskar, Muthuraju Sangu, Mohd Shah Mahmood, Fauziah Kassim, Md Hanip Rafia, Mohammed Safari Mohammed Haspani, Azmi Alias, Rogelio Hernández Pando
Ranking as the most communicable disease killer worldwide, tuberculosis, has accounted with a total of 9.6 million new tuberculosis cases with 1.5 million tuberculosis-related deaths reported globally in 2014. Tuberculosis has remain as an occupational hazard for healthcare workers since 1920s and due to several tuberculosis outbreaks in healthcare settings in the early 1990s, the concern about the transmission to both patients and healthcare workers has been raised. Healthcare workers have two to three folds greater the risk of active tuberculosis than the general population...
November 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089118/occupational-lung-diseases-from-old-and-novel-exposures-to-effective-preventive-strategies
#15
REVIEW
Paul Cullinan, Xavier Muñoz, Hille Suojalehto, Raymond Agius, Surinder Jindal, Torben Sigsgaard, Anders Blomberg, Denis Charpin, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Mridu Gulati, Yangho Kim, Arthur L Frank, Metin Akgün, David Fishwick, Rafael E de la Hoz, Subhabrata Moitra
Occupational exposure is an important, global cause of respiratory disease. Unlike many other non-communicable lung diseases, the proximal causes of many occupational lung diseases are well understood and they should be amenable to control with use of established and effective approaches. Therefore, the risks arising from exposure to silica and asbestos are well known, as are the means of their prevention. Although the incidence of occupational lung disease has decreased in many countries, in parts of the world undergoing rapid economic transition and population growth-often with large informal and unregulated workforces-occupational exposures continue to impose a heavy burden of disease...
January 6, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086983/mailed-hpv-self-sampling-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-underserved-minority-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Erin Kobetz, Julia Seay, Anthony Amofah, Larry Pierre, Jordan Baeker Bispo, Dinah Trevil, Martha Gonzalez, Martine Poitevien, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Olveen Carrasquillo
BACKGROUND: Underserved ethnic minority women experience significant disparities in cervical cancer incidence and mortality, mainly due to lack of cervical cancer screening. Barriers to Pap smear screening include lack of knowledge, lack of health insurance and access, and cultural beliefs regarding disease prevention. In our previous SUCCESS trial, we demonstrated that HPV self-sampling delivered by a community health worker (CHW) is efficacious in circumventing these barriers. This approach increased screening uptake relative to navigation to Pap smear screening...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086843/evaluation-of-the-good-start-program-a-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-maori-and-pacific-islander-children-living-in-queensland-australia
#17
Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa'avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione, Lisa Schubert
BACKGROUND: Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Australian population. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the Good Start program, which aims to improve knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy eating and physical activity amongst Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Queensland. METHODS: The intervention was delivered to children aged 6-19 years (N = 375) in schools by multicultural health workers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080077/dogs-canis-familiaris-attention-to-human-perception-influence-of-breed-groups-and-life-experiences
#18
Marianne T E Heberlein, Dennis C Turner, Marta B Manser
Attending to the perception of others may help individuals gaining information from conspecifics, or help in competitive situations. Dogs (Canis familiaris) are attentive to humans' signals and their attentional state. We investigated whether dogs of different breed groups differ in their ability to pay attention to human's perception, first according to the genetic relatedness between dog breeds, and second according to working style differences. Once dogs had learned to leave forbidden food on the floor, they were confronted with 2 food items to which only they had unrestricted visual access...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079726/the-charter-on-professionalism-for-health-care-organizations
#19
Barry E Egener, Diana J Mason, Walter J McDonald, Sally Okun, Meg E Gaines, David A Fleming, Bernie M Rosof, David Gullen, May-Lynn Andresen
In 2002, the Physician Charter on Medical Professionalism was published to provide physicians with guidance for decision making in a rapidly changing environment. Feedback from physicians indicated that they were unable to fully live up to the principles in the 2002 charter partly because of their employing or affiliated health care organizations. A multistakeholder group has developed a Charter on Professionalism for Health Care Organizations, which may provide more guidance than charters for individual disciplines, given the current structure of health care delivery systems...
January 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079408/an-ecological-approach-to-hearing-health-promotion-in-workplaces
#20
Ravi Reddy, David Welch, Shanthi Ameratunga, Peter Thorne
OBJECTIVE: To develop and assess use, acceptability and feasibility of an ecological hearing conservation programme for workplaces. DESIGN: A school-based public health hearing preservation education programme (Dangerous Decibels®) was adapted for workplaces using the Multi-level Approach to Community Health (MATCH) Model. The programme was delivered in small manufacturing companies and evaluated using a questionnaire before the training and at one week and two-months after training...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
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