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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019959/recent-advances-in-nanoparticle-concentration-and-their-application-in-viral-detection-using-integrated-sensors
#1
REVIEW
Brian M Dincau, Yongkuk Lee, Jong-Hoon Kim, Woon-Hong Yeo
Early disease diagnostics require rapid, sensitive, and selective detection methods for target analytes. Specifically, early viral detection in a point-of-care setting is critical in preventing epidemics and the spread of disease. However, conventional methods such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays or cell cultures are cumbersome and difficult for field use due to the requirements of extensive lab equipment and highly trained personnel, as well as limited sensitivity. Recent advances in nanoparticle concentration have given rise to many novel detection methodologies, which address the shortcomings in modern clinical assays...
October 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019943/some-hardware-and-instrumentation-aspects-of-the-development-of-an-automation-system-for-jar-tests-in-drinking-water-treatment
#2
Antonio José Calderón, Isaías González
The so-called Jar Test (JT) plays a vital role in the drinking water and wastewater treatments for establishing the dosage of flocculants and coagulant. This test is a well-proved laboratory instrumental procedure performed by trained personnel. In this work, a completely novel system for the automation and monitoring of a JT devoted to drinking water treatment is presented. It has been implemented using an industrial programmable controller and sensors and instruments specifically selected for this purpose...
October 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019880/the-effect-of-water-immersion-delivery-on-the-strength-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-and-pelvic-floor-disorders-during-postpartum-period-an-experimental-study
#3
Yun Zhao, Mei Xiao, Fei Tang, Wan Tang, Heng Yin, Guo-Qiang Sun, Yin Lin, Yong Zhou, Yan Luo, Lu-Man Li, Zhi-Hua Tan
BACKGROUND: Water immersion delivery is a non-pharmacological approach to ease labor pain. This paper aims to investigate the effect of water immersion delivery on increasing strength of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) and relieving pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) during postpartum period. METHODS: A total of 2749 vaginal-delivery primiparas in postpartum 6-8 weeks were selected as research objects. Based on the modes of delivery, 600 patients were assigned into water immersion delivery group, 2149 were assigned into conventional delivery group...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017249/characterization-of-aerosols-generated-during-patient-care-activities
#4
Caroline A O'Neil, Jiayu Li, Anna Leavey, Yang Wang, Matthew Hink, Meghan Wallace, Pratim Biswas, Carey-Ann D Burnham, Hilary M Babcock
Background: Questions remain about the degree to which aerosols are generated during routine patient care activities and whether such aerosols could transmit viable pathogens to healthcare personnel (HCP). The objective of this study was to measure aerosol production during multiple patient care activities and to examine the samples for bacterial pathogens. Methods: Five aerosol characterization instruments were used to measure aerosols during 7 patient care activities: patient bathing, changing bed linens, pouring and flushing liquid waste, bronchoscopy, noninvasive ventilation, and nebulized medication administration (NMA)...
October 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989915/management-of-substance-use-disorder-in-military-services-a-comprehensive-approach
#5
Mohammad Reza Sharbafchi, Mostafa Heydari
BACKGROUND: Historically, substance misuse has been a serious problem faced by worldwide military personnel. Some research showed that military personnel have higher rates of unhealthy substance use than their age peers in the general population. These problems have serious consequences and may lead to significant military difficulties in the field of readiness, discipline, and mental or physical health. In this review, we gathered various methods for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of substance use disorders and suggested a comprehensive plan for Iran Armed Forces to improve existing services...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988661/american-college-of-radiology-american-brachytherapy-society-practice-parameter-for-electronically-generated-low-energy-radiation-sources
#6
Phillip M Devlin, Laurie E Gaspar, Ivan Buzurovic, D Jeffrey Demanes, Michael E Kasper, Subir Nag, Zoubir Ouhib, Joshua H Petit, Seth A Rosenthal, William Small, Paul E Wallner, Alan C Hartford
BACKGROUND: This collaborative practice parameter technical standard has been created between the American College of Radiology and American Brachytherapy Society to guide the usage of electronically generated low energy radiation sources (ELSs). It refers to the use of electronic X-ray sources with peak voltages up to 120 kVp to deliver therapeutic radiation therapy. MAIN FINDINGS: The parameter provides a guideline for utilizing ELS, including patient selection and consent, treatment planning, and delivery processes...
October 5, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976387/-bradyarrhythmias-and-pacemaker-indications-in-elderly-patients
#7
İbrahim Faruk Aktürk, Mustafa Kemal Erol
With the dramatic increase in the number of elderly people in most parts of the world and in our country there will be an accompanying increase in patients with sinus node dysfunction (SND) and atrioventricular (AV) block. For this reason, it will be essential for health care personnel to have a basic knowledge of bradyarrhythmias and the special considerations required for managing these rhythms in elderly patients. Because of frailty of this patient group indivualised approach and consideration for management of these patients must be done carefully...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975240/research-gaps-and-controversies-in-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-a-review
#8
Breton M Asken, Molly J Sullan, Steven T DeKosky, Michael S Jaffee, Russell M Bauer
Importance: Scientific and lay interest in negative outcomes associated with exposure to repetitive brain trauma (RBT) continues to strengthen. Concerns about the association between RBT and dementia began more than a century ago, but have resurfaced in the last decade with the more recently described chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Chronic traumatic encephalopathy is a tauopathy associated with RBT that has become inextricably linked to conversations about sport-related concussion and mild traumatic brain injury...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973067/cancer-survivorship-care-in-advanced-primary-care-practices-a-qualitative-study-of-challenges-and-opportunities
#9
Ellen B Rubinstein, William L Miller, Shawna V Hudson, Jenna Howard, Denalee O'Malley, Jennifer Tsui, Heather Sophia Lee, Alicja Bator, Benjamin F Crabtree
Importance: Despite a decade of effort by national stakeholders to bring cancer survivorship to the forefront of primary care, there is little evidence to suggest that primary care has begun to integrate comprehensive services to manage the care of long-term cancer survivors. Objective: To explain why primary care has not begun to integrate comprehensive cancer survivorship services. Design, Setting, and Participants: Comparative case study of 12 advanced primary care practices in the United States recruited from March 2015 to February 2017...
September 25, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970598/prediction-of-preventive-behaviors-of-the-needlestick-injuries-during-surgery-among-operating-room-personnel-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#10
Yadollah Fathi, Majid Barati, Mitra Zandiyeh, Saeed Bashirian
BACKGROUND: Operating room personnel are at high risk of needlestick injuries (NSIs) and exposure to blood and body fluids. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictors of NSIs preventive behaviors during surgery among operating room personnel based on a health belief model (HBM). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 128 operating room personnel in Hamadan, western Iran. Participants were selected, by census sampling, from teaching hospitals, completed a self-reported questionnaire including demographic characteristics, knowledge and HBM constructs...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963173/national-assessment-of-data-quality-and-associated-systems-level-factors-in-malawi
#11
Richael O'Hagan, Melissa A Marx, Karen E Finnegan, Patrick Naphini, Kumbukani Ng'ambi, Kingsley Laija, Emily Wilson, Lois Park, Sautso Wachepa, Joseph Smith, Lewis Gombwa, Amos Misomali, Tiope Mleme, Simeon Yosefe
BACKGROUND: Routine health data can guide health systems improvements, but poor quality of these data hinders use. To address concerns about data quality in Malawi, the Ministry of Health and National Statistical Office conducted a data quality assessment (DQA) in July 2016 to identify systems-level factors that could be improved. METHODS: We used 2-stage stratified random sampling methods to select health centers and hospitals under Ministry of Health auspices, included those managed by faith-based entities, for this DQA...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960655/urgent-closed-reduction-of-the-dislocated-cervical-spine-in-new-zealand
#12
Richard N Storey, Raj Singhal, Tom Inglis, David Kieser, Rowan Schouten
BACKGROUND: Emergent decompression, either by closed reduction or surgical decompression, of the acutely compressed cervical spinal cord is recognized as important in minimizing the neurological outcomes of these injuries. The aim of this study is to optimize New Zealand's capability to perform closed reductions. METHODS: Regional hospitals throughout New Zealand were surveyed on their capability to reduce acute cervical spine dislocations using traction. A systematic literature review was performed to investigate aspects of patient selection, reduction technique and the outcomes achieved with closed reduction of such injuries...
September 28, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960114/work-organisational-practices-and-margin-of-manoeuver-during-work-reintegration
#13
Fergal O'Hagan
BACKGROUND: Many individuals of working age experience cardiovascular disease and are disabled from work as a result. The majority of research in cardiac work disability has focused on individual biological and psychological factors influencing work disability despite evidence of the importance of social context in work disability. In this article, the focus is on work and organisational features influencing the leeway (margin of manoeuvre) workers are afforded during work reintegration...
September 29, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953759/part-ii-muslims-perceptions-of-british-cobat-troops
#14
Ahmed Hankir, Frederick R Carrick, Rashid Zaman, Jamie Hacker Hughes
BACKGROUND: On the 22(nd) May 2017, suicide bomber Salman Abedi detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) in the Manchester Arena killing 22 people and injuring 116 others. Following the 'massacre in Manchester', the leader of the Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn, linked UK foreign policy with terrorism on British soil. Controversial and contentious though Corbyn's claims may be, the terrorists themselves have also reported that what motivates them to carry out their abominable atrocities are British military operations in Muslim majority countries...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949474/ineffective-healthcare-technology-management-in-benin-s-public-health-sector-the-perceptions-of-key-actors-and-their-ability-to-address-the-main-problems
#15
P Thierry Houngbo, Tjard De Cock Buning, Joske Bunders, Harry L S Coleman, Daton Medenou, Laurent Dakpanon, Marjolein Zweekhorst
BACKGROUND: Low-income countries face many contextual challenges to manage healthcare technologies effectively, as the majority are imported and resources are constrained to a greater extent. Previous healthcare technology management (HTM) policies in Benin have failed to produce better quality of care for the population and costeffectiveness for the government. This study aims to identify and assess the main problems facing HTM in Benin's public health sector, as well as the ability of key actors within the sector to address these problems...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948594/-decreasing-the-output-of-biomedical-waste-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#16
Ming-Yi Shen, Chun-Chu Chang, Mung-Yeng Li, Jui-Hsiang Lin
BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: Advancing healthcare technologies have increased the use of disposable supplies that are made with PVC (polyvinyl chloride). Furthermore, biomedical effluents are steadily increasing due to severe patient treatment requirements in intensive care units. If these biomedical wastes are not properly managed and disposed, they will cause great harm to the environment and to public health. The statistics from an intensive care unit at one medical center in northern Taiwan show that the per-person biomedical effluents produced in 2014 increased 8...
October 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937953/the-biological-basis-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-following-blast-injury-a-literature-review
#17
Matt Aldag, Regina C Armstrong, Faris Bandak, Patrick S F Bellgowan, Timothy Bentley, Sean Biggerstaff, Katrina Caravelli, Joan Cmarik, Alicia Crowder, Thomas J DeGraba, Travis A Dittmer, Richard G Ellenbogen, Colin Greene, Raj K Gupta, Ramona Hicks, Stuart Hoffman, Robert C Latta, Michael J Leggieri, Donald Marion, Robert Mazzoli, Michael McCrea, John O'Donnell, Mark Packer, James B Petro, Todd E Rasmussen, Wendy Sammons-Jackson, Richard Shoge, Victoria Tepe, Ladd A Tremaine, James Zheng
The United States Department of Defense Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office organized the 2015 International State-of-the-Science meeting to explore links between blast-related head injury and the development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Before the meeting, the planning committee examined articles published between 2005 and October 2015 and prepared this literature review, which summarized broadly CTE research and addressed questions about the pathophysiological basis of CTE and its relationship to blast- and nonblast-related head injury...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934404/organizational-and-managerial-factors-associated-with-clinical-practice-guideline-adherence-a-simulation-based-study-in-36-french-hospital-wards
#18
Florence Saillour-Glénisson, Marion Kret, Sandrine Domecq, Matthieu Sibé, Valentin Daucourt, Virginie Migeot, David Veillard, Philippe Michel
Objectives: To identify managerial and organizational characteristics of multi-specialty medicine wards and individual characteristics of health professionals that are most strongly associated with clinical practice guidelines (CPG) adherence. Design: Cross-sectional stratified cluster sample design. Setting: Data were gathered from 36 randomly selected multi-specialty medicine wards. Participants: The study population included all health professionals involved in patient care working in the participating wards...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931179/evaluation-of-the-interference-of-hemoglobin-variant-j-bangkok-on-glycated-hemoglobin-hba1c-measurement-by-five-different-methods
#19
Dong-Mei Wen, Sheng-Nan Xu, Wei-Jia Wang, Xiu-Ming Zhang, Ming-Huan Suo, De-Cai Zhang
Objective The interference of the hemoglobin variant (Hb J-Bangkok) was evaluated on 4 different glycated hemoglobin assays and compared with a reference immuno assay. Methods An overall test of coincidence of 2 least-squares linear regression lines was performed to determine whether the presence of Hb J-Bangkok caused a statistically significant difference in HbA1c results compared with a reference immuno assay. Statistical analysis was performed on the difference of the estimated average glucose calculated from HbA1c values and fasting plasma glucose in the Hb J-Bangkok variant group using the different detection systems...
September 20, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928300/zoonotic-surveillance-for-rickettsiae-in-rodents-and-mapping-of-vectors-of-rickettsial-diseases-in-india-a-multi-centric-study
#20
Rina Tilak, Rajesh Kunwar, P K Tyagi, Anurag Khera, R K Joshi, Urmila B Wankhade
BACKGROUND: The global resurgence of rickettsial diseases and their potential to impact the fitness of military personnel and inflict widespread casualties amongst civil populations has emerged as a major cause of public health concern. Absence of surveillance system, lack of awareness amongst medical fraternity to rickettsial activity along with the difficulty in diagnosis because of their protean clinical manifestations are reasons for the outbreaks of these diseases. OBJECTIVES: To determine rickettsial activity amongst rodents and study vector diversity, abundance and their distribution to enable mapping of rickettsial hotspots...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
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