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Personnel selection

David Obinna Nduka, Adegboyega Sunday Sotunbo, Idris Adedapo Ibrahim, Opeyemi Joshua, Patience E Tunji-Olayeni, Bolatito Akinbile
Effective site supervision plays an important role in construction project delivery. This situates site supervisors in taking the responsibilities of coordinating and controlling all physical aspects of the day-to-day task in construction projects. A cross-sectional design approach was adopted by administering a well-structured questionnaire to selected built environment professionals. Descriptive statistics was performed on the data obtained and are presented on figures and tables. The data was also subjected to inferential statistics using Kruskal Wallis test to analyze the perceptions of respondents on effects of site supervision of construction works on completion time and quality respectively...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Belén Rocío Imperiale, Cecilia Nieves, Belén Mancino, Myriam Sanjurjo, Silvina Tártara, Ángela Beatríz Di Giulio, Juan Carlos Palomino, Nora Susana Morcillo, Anandi Martin
Background: There is a critical need to improve the diagnostic accuracy of tuberculosis (TB) in children. Several techniques have been developed to improve the quality of sputum samples; however, these procedures are very unpleasant and invasive and require hospitalization and trained personnel. This study aims to explore the potential use of a new and noninvasive tool, "string test," for TB diagnosis in children and in adults not able to render sputum samples and at risk of developing multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB)...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Mohammad Ali Jahani, Shahrbanoo Mahmoudjanloo, Fatemeh Hoseini Rostami, Hosein Ali Nikbakht, Ghahraman Mahmoudi
Studying the role of employees as the base of an organization on achieving organizational goals has increased in recent years [1]. To have better organizational citizens, organizations should encourage their staff [2]. As the most powerful form of organizational behavior, organizational citizenship is more influential than organizational cooperation [3]. Studies have shown that cooperative behavior, such as the citizenship behavior results in easier organizational communication, promoting organizational planning, improving inter-personal cooperation and developing better organizational climate, directly influence staff satisfaction, work life quality, service-provision, job commitment and financial output [4]...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Joyce Van Eck
Setaria viridis has many attributes, including small stature and simple growth requirements, that make it attractive as a model species for monocots. Genetic engineering (transformation) methodology is a key prerequisite for adoption of plant species as models. Various transformation approaches have been reported for S. viridis including tissue culture-based and in planta by Agrobacterium tumefaciens infection of floral organs referred to as the floral dip method. The tissue culture-based method utilizes A...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Xueke Wang, Steven Bigelow, Kelly E Seagren, Alaina K Preddie, Zimei Wang, Ardiyanto Ardiyanto, W Gary Allread, Steven A Lavender
Floor mats are commonplace in commercial buildings, particularly in entry ways. These mats are routinely handled by delivery personnel as the mats are picked up for cleaning and clean mats are deployed. A new two-part mat design, which eliminates the need to move the rubber base during mat change operations, was hypothesized to reduce the physical demands on delivery personnel. Electromyographic data from back and shoulder muscles and spinal kinematics were obtained as 12 volunteers simulated mat selection, mat deployment, and mat pick-up tasks...
October 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Anthony Amalba, Francis A Abantanga, Albert J J A Scherpbier, W N K A van Mook
BACKGROUND: An unequal distribution of health personnel, leading to unfavourable differences in health status between urban and rural populations, is a serious cause for concern globally. Part of the solution to this problem lies in attracting medical doctors to rural, remote communities, which presents a real challenge. The present study therefore explored the factors that influence medical doctors' decision to practise in rural Ghana. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study based on questionnaires...
June 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Christoph Baumgartner, Johannes P Koren
Scalp electroencephalography (EEG)-based seizure-detection algorithms applied in a clinical setting should detect a broad range of different seizures with high sensitivity and selectivity and should be easy to use with identical parameter settings for all patients. Available algorithms provide sensitivities between 75% and 90%. EEG seizure patterns with short duration, low amplitude, circumscribed focal activity, high frequency, and unusual morphology as well as EEG seizure patterns obscured by artifacts are generally difficult to detect...
June 2018: Epilepsia
Eva Garrido, Luis Pla, Beatriz Lozano-Torres, Sameh El Sayed, Ramón Martínez-Máñez, Félix Sancenón
The consumption of illicit drugs has increased exponentially in recent years and has become a problem that worries both governments and international institutions. The rapid emergence of new compounds, their easy access, the low levels at which these substances are able to produce an effect, and their short time of permanence in the organism make it necessary to develop highly rapid, easy, sensitive, and selective methods for their detection. Currently, the most widely used methods for drug detection are based on techniques that require large measurement times, the use of sophisticated equipment, and qualified personnel...
May 2018: ChemistryOpen
Steven P Cohen, Anuj Bhatia, Asokumar Buvanendran, Eric S Schwenk, Ajay D Wasan, Robert W Hurley, Eugene R Viscusi, Samer Narouze, Fred N Davis, Elspeth C Ritchie, Timothy R Lubenow, William M Hooten
BACKGROUND: Over the past 2 decades, the use of intravenous ketamine infusions as a treatment for chronic pain has increased dramatically, with wide variation in patient selection, dosing, and monitoring. This has led to a chorus of calls from various sources for the development of consensus guidelines. METHODS: In November 2016, the charge for developing consensus guidelines was approved by the boards of directors of the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine and, shortly thereafter, the American Academy of Pain Medicine...
June 7, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Serena Giuntini, Matteo Stoppato, Maja Sedic, Monir Ejemel, Jessica R Pondish, Danielle Wisheart, Zachary A Schiller, William D Thomas, Eileen M Barry, Lisa A Cavacini, Mark S Klempner, Yang Wang
Background. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) cause diarrheal illness in infants in the developing world and travelers to endemic countries including military personnel. ETEC infection of the host involves colonization of the small intestinal epithelium and toxin secretion leading to watery diarrhea. There is currently no vaccine licensed to prevent ETEC. CFA/I is one of the most common colonization factor antigens (CFAs). The CFA/I adhesin subunit, CfaE, is required for ETEC adhesion to host intestinal cells...
June 4, 2018: Infection and Immunity
Li Wang, Xuejiao Cai, Ping Cheng
BACKGROUND: The management of medical devices is crucial to safe, high-quality surgical care, but has received little attention in the medical literature. This study explored the effect of a sub-specialties management model in the Central Sterile Supply Department (CSSD). METHODS: A traditional routine management model (control) was applied from September 2015 through April 2016, and a newly developed sub-specialties management model (observation) was applied from July 2016 through February 2017...
May 30, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Lars T Johansen, Geir Sverre Braut, Jan Fredrik Andresen, Pål Øian
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine how serious adverse events in obstetrics were assessed by supervision authorities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected cases investigated by supervision authorities during 2009-2013. We analyzed information about who reported the event, the outcomes of the mother and infant, and whether events resulted from errors at the individual or system level. We also assessed whether the injuries could have been avoided. RESULTS: During the study period, there were 303 034 births in Norway, and supervision authorities investigated 338 adverse events in obstetric care...
May 28, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
T de Courson, C Sfeir, G de Guillebon, H Sanson, A Yannoutsos, P Priollet
INTRODUCTION: In France, Leonetti and Claeys-Leonetti laws relating to patients' rights and end-of-life practice have introduced the advance healthcare directives (ADs). Although family doctor's role is important in initiating discussions regarding AD, hospital healthcare professionals should also be concerned by the health care planning laws. METHODS: A descriptive, quantitative and qualitative study was conducted in Paris Saint-Joseph hospital to evaluate the knowledge of nursing personnel regarding ADs...
May 24, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Dave L Dixon, Teresa M Salgado, Lauren M Caldas, Benjamin W Van Tassell, Evan M Sisson
OBJECTIVES: To initiate a call to action for community pharmacists to maximize the opportunities to improve the management of hypertension (HTN) in light of the 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) HTN guideline. SUMMARY: In November 2017, the ACC and the AHA, along with 9 other professional organizations, released a comprehensive guideline on the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure (BP)...
May 24, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
C Metelmann, B Metelmann, C Scheer, M Gründling, B Henkel, K Hahnenkamp, P Brinkrolf
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is associated with a high mortality, which can be reduced by starting screening, diagnostics and treatment as early as possible. Due to multiple educational programs and increased awareness, a decreased sepsis mortality on intensive care units has been achieved. Many patients with sepsis are admitted by the prehospital emergency service to hospital emergency departments. Thus, prehospital emergency services and emergency departments provide an opportunity to start screening, diagnosis and treatment earlier...
May 25, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
Lisa M Jin, Sarah Medeck, James Ruley, Mark Riddle, James Aden
Introduction: This study was completed to determine if guidewire catheters improve first-pass success and time of placement for peripheral intravenous access. In the military, 21% of casualties from the battlefield arrive to a medical facility in hemorrhagic shock. The importance of successful and timely intravenous placement is crucial in the initial steps of preventing this condition. Multiple studies and reviews have shown that initial first-pass success rates for pre-hospital intravenous placement have been as low as 40%, and an average success rate of 81% when completed by paramedics or similarly skilled personnel...
May 24, 2018: Military Medicine
Roberta W Scherer, Leonora D Sensinger, Benigno Sierra-Irizarry, Craig Formby
Background The Tinnitus Retraining Therapy Trial (TRTT), a randomized, placebo-controlled, multi-center trial, evaluated the efficacy of tinnitus retraining therapy and its individual components, tinnitus-specific educational counseling and sound therapy versus the standard of care, in military practice to improve study participants' quality of life. The trial was conducted at six US military hospitals to take advantage of the greater prevalence of tinnitus in the military population. Methods During the trial, various challenges arose that were uniquely related to the military setting...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
Otto S Lin, Wade Weigel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the trends in nonoperating room anesthesia (NORA) for gastrointestinal endoscopy over the past few years, and to describe alternative methods of delivering propofol sedation in selected low-risk patients. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of NORA for routine gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures has been rising steadily over the past decade in the United States, considerably increasing healthcare costs. Because of this, there have been attempts to develop nonanesthesiologist-administered propofol sedation methods in low-risk patients...
May 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Oliver Petters, Christian Schmidt, Christian Thuemmler, Frank Peinemann, Matthias Zscharnack, Jeremy S Somerson, Ronny M Schulz
Due to the poor self-healing capacities of cartilage, innovative approaches are a major clinical need. The use of in vitro expanded MSCs in a two-stage approach is accompanied by cost, time and personnel-intensive GMP production. A one-stage intra-operative procedure could overcome these drawbacks. The aim was to prove the feasibility of a point-of-care concept for the treatment of cartilage lesions using defined MSC subpopulations in a collagen hydrogel without prior MSC monolayer expansion. We tested four single marker candidates (MSCA-1, W4A5, CD146, CD271) for their effectiveness of separating colony-forming units of ovine MSCs via magnetic cell separation...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Dong Wook Shin, Juhee Cho, Hyung Kook Yang, So Young Kim, Soohyeon Lee, Eun Joo Nam, Joo Seop Chung, Jeong-Soo Im, Keeho Park, Jong Hyock Park
OBJECTIVES: The choice of doctor is an important issue for patients with cancer, and the reputation of the doctor is the single most important factor for patients to choose a doctor. Media are providing information about the 'best cancer doctor', but they vary widely in their selection methodology. We investigated cancer physicians' attitudes towards the selection of the 'best cancer doctor' by the media, by comparing two different selection methodologies: selection by media personnel or selection through peer-review system...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
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