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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339494/facility-type-and-primary-care-performance-in-sub-district-health-promotion-hospitals-in-northern-thailand
#1
Nithra Kitreerawutiwong, Sue Jordan, David Hughes
BACKGROUND: Poor and middle-income Thai people rely heavily on primary care health services. These are staffed by a range of professionals. However, it is unknown whether the performance of primary care varies according to the staffing and organization of local service delivery units. Tambon (sub-district) health promotion hospitals (THPHs) were introduced in 2009 to upgrade the services offered by the previous health centres, but were faced with continuing shortages of doctors and nurses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320916/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-alcohol-brief-interventions-for-the-uk-military-personnel-moving-back-to-civilian-life
#2
REVIEW
Sarah Wigham, A Bauer, S Robalino, J Ferguson, A Burke, D Newbury-Birch
BACKGROUND: Higher levels of alcohol consumption have been observed in the UK armed forces compared with the general population. For some, this may increase the risk of using alcohol as a coping strategy when adjusting to multiple life events occurring when moving back into civilian life. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted to determine the effectiveness of alcohol brief interventions for military personnel during transition. Electronic databases including Medline, Central, Healthcare Management Information Consortium (HMIC) and Embase, and grey literature, were searched...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315647/a-device-that-allows-rodents-to-behaviorally-thermoregulate-when-housed-in-vivariums
#3
Christopher J Gordon, Earl T Puckett, Elizabeth S Repasky, Andrew F M Johnstone
Laboratories and vivariums typically are maintained at ambient temperatures of 20 to 24 °C, leading to cold stress in mice. When mice are inactive and sleeping during the light phase, their zone of thermoneutrality associated with a basal metabolic rate is 30 to 32 °C. If given a choice, mice will use thermoregulatory behavior to seek out thermoneutral temperatures during the light phase. The cold stress of a vivarium can be problematic to researchers requiring an animal model that is not stressed metabolically...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314537/prevalence-of-diabetes-type-2-in-older-adults-findings-from-a-large-population-based-survey-in-tehran-iran-urban-heart-2
#4
Vahid Rashedi, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Ahmad Delbari, Reza Fadayevatan, Vahidreza Borhaninejad, Mahshid Foroughan
AIMS: Diabetes is a common problem in older adults, as they increasingly comprise a larger proportion of patients newly diagnosed with diabetes. The evidence on the prevalence and distribution of type 2 diabetes (DT2) and its related factors among older adults in Iran is sparse. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of DT2 among Iranian older adults aged ≥60years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was part of a comprehensive survey (Urban HEART-2) which was a large population-based cross-sectional study...
March 8, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300044/impact-of-operator-hearing-threshold-on-manual-blood-pressure-measurement
#5
Abubakar Danjuma Salisu, Aminu Bakari, Hamisu Abdullahi
INTRODUCTION: Une déficience auditive non détectée chez le personnel de santé pourrait affecter leur capacité à obtenir une pression artérielle (PA) précise avec des conséquences négatives sur les soins aux patients. Le but de cet article était de déterminer l'impact de l'audition de l'opérateur sur la mesure manuelle de la pression artérielle. Méthodologie: Une étude transversale portant sur 25 patients et 60 personnel de santé composé de 25 médecins (groupe 1), 25 infirmières (groupe 2) et 10 10 personnes qualifiées sélectionnées ayant une audition normale formé (groupe 3)...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299154/assessment-of-malaria-reporting-and-epidemic-preparedness-systems-in-health-facilities-in-eldoret-west-district-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#6
Ruth C Kirinyet, Arthur S Ng'etich, Ahmad Juma
The most important factor in reducing the impact of an epidemic is a timely response with implementation of effective control measures at the point of detection. This study sought to assess the malaria reporting and epidemic preparedness systems of health facilities in Eldoret West District, Kenya. A cross-sectional study design was adapted. A census technique was used to select all the forty five health facilities in the district comprising of government, mission and non-governmental facilities. An interviewer administered questionnaire was used for data collection and analysis done using Stata...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291466/development-of-a-portable-tool-for-screening-neuromotor-sequelae-from-repetitive-low-level-blast-exposure
#7
Christopher K Rhea, Nikita A Kuznetsov, Scott E Ross, Benjamin Long, Jason T Jakiela, Jason M Bailie, Matthew A Yanagi, F Jay Haran, W Geoffrey Wright, Rebecca K Robins, Paul D Sargent, Joshua L Duckworth
Blast exposure is a prevalent cause of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in military personnel in combat. However, it is more common for a service member to be exposed to a low-level blast (LLB) that does not result in a clinically diagnosable mTBI. Recent research suggests that repetitive LLB exposure can result in symptomology similar to symptoms observed after mTBI. This manuscript reports on the use of an Android-based smartphone application (AccWalker app) to capture changes in neuromotor functioning after blast exposure...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274783/operationalisation-of-service-quality-in-household-waste-collection
#8
Nico Alexander Schulte, Klaus Gellenbeck, Michael Nelles
Since 2007, there has been intensive discussion at European and national levels concerning the standardisation of services including those in the sector of waste management. The drafts of the European standard prEN 16250 and the German preliminary standard DIN SPEC 1108 are intended to establish a uniform definition of corresponding services and their (minimum) service levels. Their binding application in practice requires that systematic inspections be provided to ascertain to what degree a service has been carried out as agreed upon...
March 5, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271959/anthropometry-of-brazilian-air-force-pilots
#9
Gilvan V da Silva, Manny Halpern, Claire C Gordon
Anthropometric data are essential for the design of military equipment including sizing of aircraft cockpits and personal gear. Currently, there are no anthropometric databases specific to Brazilian military personnel. The aim of this study was to create a Brazilian anthropometric database of Air Force pilots. The methods, protocols, descriptions, definitions, landmarks, tools and measurements procedures followed the instructions outlined in Measurer's Handbook: US Army and Marine Corps Anthropometric Surveys, 2010-2011 - NATICK/TR-11/017...
March 14, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264689/rapid-diagnostic-tests-failing-to-detect-plasmodium-falciparum-infections-in-eritrea-an-investigation-of-reported-false-negative-rdt-results
#10
Araia Berhane, Mulugeta Russom, Iyassu Bahta, Filmon Hagos, Michael Ghirmai, Selam Uqubay
BACKGROUND: Relatively large number of false-negative malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) results for microscopically confirmed Plasmodium falciparum cases were reported from five of the six administrative regions of Eritrea in 2015. This activated the Ministry of Health to conduct an initial exploratory investigation. The main objective of the investigation was to confirm the sensitivity of the RDTs in the field in microscopically confirmed malaria cases, identify the possible causes of the failure and recommend further actions to be taken...
March 6, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264428/validation-of-a-tablet-application-for-assessing-dietary-intakes-compared-with-the-measured-food-intake-food-waste-method-in-military-personnel-consuming-field-rations
#11
Mavra Ahmed, Iva Mandic, Wendy Lou, Len Goodman, Ira Jacobs, Mary R L'Abbé
The collection of accurate dietary intakes using traditional dietary assessment methods (e.g., food records) from military personnel is challenging due to the demanding physiological and psychological conditions of training or operations. In addition, these methods are burdensome, time consuming, and prone to measurement errors. Adopting smart-phone/tablet technology could overcome some of these barriers. The objective was to assess the validity of a tablet app, modified to contain detailed nutritional composition data, in comparison to a measured food intake/waste method...
February 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263844/a-high-throughput-bioluminescent-assay-to-monitor-the-deamidation-of-asparagine-and-isomerization-of-aspartate-residues-in-therapeutic-proteins-and-antibodies
#12
Kevin Hsiao, Juliano Alves, Rushikesh Patel, Monica Adams, Vishal Nashine, Said Goueli
Since the introduction of Herceptin and Rituximab in 1986 therapeutic antibodies have gained tremendous momentum in treatment of broad range of several diseases such as cancer and inflammation. Selection of the clinical candidate mAb usually starts with large-scale in vitro screening and profiling of multiple mAbs to identify candidates that show high in vitro or in vivo activity, and thus it is necessarily to identify and eliminate potentially unstable mAbs during the lead selection process. Antibodies undergo a variety of degradation reactions which may result in compromised bioactivity and safety profile...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263370/fixed-dose-combination-therapy-for-the-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Ehete Bahiru, Angharad N de Cates, Matthew Rb Farr, Morag C Jarvis, Mohan Palla, Karen Rees, Shah Ebrahim, Mark D Huffman
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide, yet ASCVD risk factor control and secondary prevention rates remain low. A fixed-dose combination of blood pressure- and cholesterol-lowering and antiplatelet treatments into a single pill, or polypill, has been proposed as one strategy to reduce the global burden of ASCVD. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of fixed-dose combination therapy on all-cause mortality, fatal and non-fatal ASCVD events, and adverse events...
March 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255566/youth-football-injuries-a-prospective-cohort
#14
Andrew R Peterson, Adam J Kruse, Scott M Meester, Tyler S Olson, Benjamin N Riedle, Tyler G Slayman, Todd J Domeyer, Joseph E Cavanaugh, M Kyle Smoot
BACKGROUND: There are approximately 2.8 million youth football players between the ages of 7 and 14 years in the United States. Rates of injury in this population are poorly described. Recent studies have reported injury rates between 2.3% and 30.4% per season and between 8.5 and 43 per 1000 exposures. HYPOTHESIS: Youth flag football has a lower injury rate than youth tackle football. The concussion rates in flag football are lower than in tackle football. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243419/relationship-between-organizational-culture-and-commitment-of-employees-in-health-care-centers-in-west-of-iran
#15
Yadollah Hamidi, Roghayeh Mohammadibakhsh, Alireza Soltanian, Masoud Behzadifar
INTRODUCTION: Presence of committed personnel in each organization not only reduces their absenteeism, delays, and displacements but also leads to a dramatic increase in performance and efficiency of an organization, mental freshness of employees, better manifestation of noble objectives, and organizational mission as well as fulfillment of personal goals. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between organizational culture and organizational commitment of employees in administrative units of health care centers in the cities of Hamedan Province based on the Denison model in 2015...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243409/positive-coping-a-unique-characteristic-to-pre-hospital-emergency-personnel
#16
Abbas Ebadi, Razieh Froutan
INTRODUCTION: It is important to gain a thorough understanding of positive coping methods adopted by medical emergency personnel to manage stressful situations associated with accidents and emergencies. Thus, the purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of positive coping strategies used by emergency medical service providers. METHODS: This study was conducted using a qualitative content analysis method. The study participants included 28 pre-hospital emergency personnel selected from emergency medical service providers in bases located in different regions of the city of Mashhad, Iran, from April to November 2016...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243368/a-survey-on-low-back-pain-risk-factors-in-steel-industry-workers-in-2015
#17
Ehsan Rafeemanesh, Farzad Omidi Kashani, Reza Parvaneh, Fatemeh Ahmadi
STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) and its association with individual factors and current job status among steel industry workers in Mashhad, Iran. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Several studies have been conducted on LBP and its related risk factors, some of which emphasized oc-cupational factors as the main etiology of LBP. Meanwhile, individual risk factors have been emphasized in other studies...
February 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241749/development-and-validation-of-a-score-for-evaluating-comprehensive-stroke-care-capabilities-j-aspect-study
#18
Akiko Kada, Kunihiro Nishimura, Jyoji Nakagawara, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Junichi Ono, Yoshiaki Shiokawa, Toru Aruga, Shigeru Miyachi, Izumi Nagata, Kazunori Toyoda, Shinya Matsuda, Akifumi Suzuki, Hiroharu Kataoka, Fumiaki Nakamura, Satoru Kamitani, Koji Iihara
BACKGROUND: Although the Brain Attack Coalition recommended establishing centers of comprehensive care for stroke and cerebrovascular disease patients, a scoring system for such centers was lacking. We created and validated a comprehensive stroke center (CSC) score, adapted to Japanese circumstances. METHODS: Of the selected 1369 certified training institutions in Japan, 749 completed an acute stroke care capabilities survey. Hospital performance was determined using a 25-item score, evaluating 5 subcategories: personnel, diagnostic techniques, specific expertise, infrastructure, and education...
February 28, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241700/-study-on-intervention-of-bloodborne-pathogen-exposure-in-a-general-hospital
#19
W J Li, M Zhang, C L Shi, C Xie
Objective: To improve the awareness of bloodborne pathogen exposure protection knowledge, reduce the contact incidence (including sharp injuries, contacting with the broken skin and mucous mem-brane contact) , and increase the self-report incidence of bloodborne pathogen exposure in the healthcare work-ers of the investigated hospital after the intervention. To summarize effective prevention and intervention mea-sures of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogen. Methods: The project was on the basis of previous inves-tigations in a general hospital, after comparing the personnel structure and departments distribution of 727 HC-Ws before the intervention and 614 HCWs after the intervention, we selected several departments in which the healthcare workers with a higher risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239441/quality-and-labeling-information-of-moringa-oleifera-products-marketed-for-hiv-infected-people-in-zimbabwe
#20
Tsitsi Grace Monera-Penduka, Zvinji Tella Jani, Charles Chiedza Maponga, Josephine Mudzengi, Gene D Morse, Charles Fungai Brian Nhachi
Labeling information and quality of marketed Moringa oleifera products were assessed. Personnel in 60 pharmacies and 11 herbal shops were interviewed about the sources, dosages, indications and counseling information of Moringa oleifera products. Content analysis of written information provided on Moringa oleifera products was also done. Three samples of Moringa from popular sources were acquired to determine heavy metal content and microbial contamination. The results were compared to specified limits in the European and Chinese pharmacopeia, World Health Organization guidelines and Bureau of Indian Standards...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
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