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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631816/cognitive-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-to-improve-occupational-outcomes
#1
REVIEW
K Suresh Kumar, Selvaraj Samuelkamaleshkumar, Anand Viswanathan, Ashish S Macaden
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment in people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) could affect multiple facets of their daily functioning. Cognitive rehabilitation brings about clinically significant improvement in certain cognitive skills. However, it is uncertain if these improved cognitive skills lead to betterments in other key aspects of daily living. We evaluated whether cognitive rehabilitation for people with TBI improves return to work, independence in daily activities, community integration and quality of life...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626877/factors-associated-with-the-difficulty-in-hospital-acceptance-among-elderly-emergency-patients-a-population-based-study-in-osaka-city-japan
#2
Tasuku Matsuyama, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Yusuke Katayama, Kosuke Kiyohara, Sumito Hayashida, Takashi Kawamura, Taku Iwami, Bon Ohta
AIM: We aimed to investigate prehospital factors associated with difficulty in hospital acceptance among elderly emergency patients. METHODS: We reviewed ambulance records in Osaka City from January 2013 through December 2014, and enrolled all elderly emergency patients aged ≥65 years who were transported by on-scene emergency medical service personnel to a hospital that the personnel had selected. The definition of difficulty in hospital acceptance was to the requirement for ≥4 phone calls to hospitals by emergency medical service personnel before receiving a decision from the destination hospitals...
June 18, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624594/variability-in-the-initiation-of-resuscitation-attempts-by-emergency-medical-services-personnel-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#3
Steven C Brooks, Robert H Schmicker, Sheldon Cheskes, James Christenson, Alan Craig, Mohamud Daya, Peter J Kudenchuk, Graham Nichol, Dana Zive, Laurie J Morrison
BACKGROUND: Some patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) assessed by emergency medical services (EMS) do not receive attempts at resuscitation on the basis of perceived futility. AIMS: 1) To measure variability in the initiation of resuscitation attempts in EMS-assessed OHCA patients across EMS agencies, 2) to evaluate the association between selected EMS agency characteristics and the proportion of patients receiving resuscitation attempts, and 3) to evaluate the association between proportion receiving resuscitation attempts and survival...
June 14, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618052/comparison-between-swinging-and-playing-of-white-noise-among-colicky-babies-a-paired-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Emel Sezici, Deniz Yigit
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effects of swinging and playing of white noise on the crying and sleeping durations of colicky babies. BACKGROUND: Infantile colic (IC) is one of the most common reasons for doctor visits among babies younger than 3 months. One out of five babies older than 3 months also experiences IC. IC, unlike gastrointestinal problems, is regarded as an individual differentiation and maturation of the central nervous system...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614193/meta-analysis-of-cigarette-smoking-and-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-military-training
#5
Sheryl A Bedno, Rhonda Jackson, Xiaoshu Feng, Imani L Walton, Michael R Boivin, David N Cowan
PURPOSE: Tobacco use is common among military personnel, as is musculoskeletal injury during training. In a review of the literature on musculoskeletal injuries there was mixed evidence on the role of smoking as a risk factor. The purpose of this study is to review and analyze the literature on the impact of cigarette smoking on lower extremity overuse injuries in military training. METHODS: We performed a literature search on articles published through October 2016...
June 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607638/cost-price-estimation-of-clinical-laboratory-services-based-on-activity-based-costing-a-case-study-from-a-developing-country
#6
Ali Mouseli, Mohsen Barouni, Mohammadreza Amiresmaili, Siamak Mirab Samiee, Leila Vali
BACKGROUND: It is believed that laboratory tariffs in Iran don't reflect the real costs. This might expose private laboratories at financial hardship. Activity Based Costing is widely used as a cost measurement instrument to more closely approximate the true cost of operations. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the real price of different clinical tests of a selected private clinical laboratory. METHODS: This study was a cross sectional study carried out in 2015...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603635/clinical-trial-allocation-in-multinational-pharmaceutical-companies-a-qualitative-study-on-influential-factors
#7
Tilde Dombernowsky, Merete Haedersdal, Ulrik Lassen, Simon F Thomsen
Clinical trial allocation in multinational pharmaceutical companies includes country selection and site selection. With emphasis on site selection, the overall aim of this study was to examine which factors pharmaceutical companies value most when allocating clinical trials. The specific aims were (1) to identify key decision makers during country and site selection, respectively, (2) to evaluate by which parameters subsidiaries are primarily assessed by headquarters with regard to conducting clinical trials, and (3) to evaluate which site-related qualities companies value most when selecting trial sites...
June 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596121/one-year-continuation-of-copper-or-levonorgestrel-intrauterine-devices-initiated-at-the-time-of-emergency-contraception
#8
J N Sanders, D K Turok, P A Royer, I S Thompson, L M Gawron, K E Storck
OBJECTIVE(S): This study compares one-year intrauterine device (IUD) continuation among women presenting for emergency contraception (EC) and initiating the copper (Cu T380A) IUD or the levonorgestrel (LNG) 52 mg IUD plus 1.5 mg oral LNG. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study enrolled 188 women who presented at a single family planning clinic in Utah between June 2013 and September 2014 and selected either the Cu T380A IUD or LNG 52 mg IUD plus oral LNG for EC. Trained personnel followed participants by phone, text, or email for twelve months or until discontinuation occurred...
June 5, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594480/comparison-of-drug-benefits-provided-by-veterans-affairs-canada-and-the-canadian-forces-health-services-group
#9
Matthew Chow, Charles J Wicks, Janice Ma, Sylvain Grenier
BACKGROUND: Drug benefits are provided at public expense to all actively serving Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel, with ongoing drug coverage offered by Veterans Affairs Canada (VAC) for selected conditions following termination of employment. Differences in drug coverage between these programs could introduce risks for treatment disruption. OBJECTIVES: Work was undertaken to establish a process that would allow systematic comparison of the entire VAC and CAF formularies, and to identify and explain discordant listings in 14 therapeutic categories that pose risk of adverse outcomes with sudden treatment interruption...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592746/examining-occupational-health-nurse-competencies-when-collaborating-with-public-health-services
#10
Yuko Mitsuhashi, Noriko Nishikido
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the competencies of occupational health nurses who collaborate with public health services. METHODS: Ten occupational health nurses who work for companies that collaborate with public health services were the subjects. They were the finalists selected from among those occupational health nurses who participated in a preparatory survey and phone interviews that inquired about their collaborative activity experiences with public health services; they were selected because of their greater experience with these collaborations...
June 7, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579145/how-to-prepare-the-patient-for-robotic-surgery-before-and-during-the-operation
#11
REVIEW
Peter C Lim, Elizabeth Kang
Robotic surgery in the treatment of gynecologic diseases continues to evolve and has become accepted over the last decade. The advantages of robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery over conventional laparoscopy are three-dimensional camera vision, superior precision and dexterity with EndoWristed instruments, elimination of operator tremor, and decreased surgeon fatigue. The drawbacks of the technology are bulkiness and lack of tactile feedback. As with other surgical platforms, the limitations of robotic surgery must be understood...
April 27, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573937/using-the-commvac-taxonomy-to-map-vaccination-communication-interventions-in-mozambique
#12
Artur Manuel Muloliwa, Julie Cliff, Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Heather Ames, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: Improved communication about childhood vaccination is fundamental to increasing vaccine uptake in low-income countries. Mozambique, with 64% of children fully vaccinated, uses a range of communication interventions to promote uptake of childhood immunisation. OBJECTIVES: Using a taxonomy developed by the 'Communicate to Vaccinate' (COMMVAC) project, the study aims to identify and classify the existing communication interventions for vaccination in Mozambique and to find the gaps...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551936/-a-prospective-study-to-increase-the-awareness-of-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-internal-medicine-wards
#13
Shikma Visberg, Nagam Hatib, Shira Ginsberg, Amal Nassar, Elad Schiff, Yaniv Dotan
INTRODUCTION: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) events are a significant risk factor for morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients and 50-75% of the events occur in internal medicine wards. Despite the proven efficiency of prophylactic treatments, their usage in hospitals is underutilized. Multiple studies have shown that only 30-50% of the high risk VTE patients are treated prophylactically. Interventional programs were shown to significantly increase the awareness and hence, the percent of patients treated...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549412/prevalence-of-arterial-hypertension-in-the-krasnoyarsk-krai-siberia-russia
#14
I P Artyukhov, Yu I Grinshtein, M M Petrova, V V Shabalin, R R Ruf
BACKGROUND: To estimate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of arterial hypertension among adult inhabitants of Krasnoyarsk Krai using the data from Russian multicenter epidemiological study ESSE-RF (Epidemiological Survey of cardiovascular diSEases in different regions of the Russian Federation). METHODS: The study included 1603 subjects 25 to 64 years old selected by means of systemic multistage stratified randomization among urban and rural inhabitants of Krasnoyarsk Krai recruited between February 2014 and June 2014...
May 26, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548543/systematic-review-of-clinical-guidance-documents-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnostic-assessment-in-select-regions
#15
Melanie Penner, Evdokia Anagnostou, Lana Y Andoni, Wendy J Ungar
Clinical guidance documents play an important role in ensuring access to high-quality autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment practices. The objective was to perform a systematic review of professional association and government clinical guidance documents for autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment, analyzing their quality and content. The government search was limited to English-speaking, single-payer, publicly funded health systems. A quality appraisal was conducted by two appraisers using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation, second edition tool...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545579/evaluation-of-a-laboratory-quality-assurance-pilot-programme-for-malaria-diagnostics-in-low-transmission-areas-of-kenya-2013
#16
Elizabeth Wanja, Rachel Achilla, Peter Obare, Rose Adeny, Caroline Moseti, Victor Otieno, Collins Morang'a, Ephantus Murigi, John Nyamuni, Derek R Monthei, Bernhards Ogutu, Ann M Buff
BACKGROUND: One objective of the Kenya National Malaria Strategy 2009-2017 is scaling access to prompt diagnosis and effective treatment. In 2013, a quality assurance (QA) pilot was implemented to improve accuracy of malaria diagnostics at selected health facilities in low-transmission counties of Kenya. Trends in malaria diagnostic and QA indicator performance during the pilot are described. METHODS: From June to December 2013, 28 QA officers provided on-the-job training and mentoring for malaria microscopy, malaria rapid diagnostic tests and laboratory QA/quality control (QC) practices over four 1-day visits at 83 health facilities...
May 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542456/increasing-systematicity-leads-to-better-selection-decisions-evidence-from-a-computer-paradigm-for-evaluating-selection-tools
#17
Martin Bäckström, Fredrik Björklund
A computerized paradigm was created to allow for testing in the laboratory whether increasing systematicity helps the recruiter make better selection decisions. Participants were introduced to the job and the applicants on the computer screen and asked to select who they thought should be considered for the job and who should not. Level of systematicity, i.e. the extent to which the recruitment is methodical and uses prepared tools, was manipulated between subjects. Depending on experimental condition participants were helped by means of a tool for extracting judgment criteria (job analysis) and a tool for making judgments related to selected criteria (including calculation of a final score)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541587/iranian-nurses-challenges-in-caring-for-older-adults-a-content-analysis-study
#18
Haydeh Heidari, Marjan Mardani-Hamooleh
The current study describes Iranian nurses' challenges in caring for older adults. Participants included 22 nurses who were selected by purposeful method and underwent semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. The interviews were reviewed, and three categories and seven subcategories were noted. The category older adults-nurse interaction challenges included: specific characteristics of older adults and inappropriate interaction between nurses and older adults. The category structural problems included: shortage of nurses, inappropriateness of ward environment, and service problems...
May 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540976/antithrombotic-treatment-after-stroke-due-to-intracerebral-haemorrhage
#19
REVIEW
Luke A Perry, Eivind Berge, Joshua Bowditch, Elisabeth Forfang, Ole Morten Rønning, Graeme J Hankey, Elmer Villanueva, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman
BACKGROUND: Survivors of stroke due to intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) are at risk of thromboembolism. Antithrombotic (antiplatelet or anticoagulant) treatments may lower the risk of thromboembolism after ICH, but they may increase the risks of bleeding. OBJECTIVES: To determine the overall effectiveness and safety of antithrombotic drugs for people with ICH. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (24 March 2017)...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540706/multiplex-detection-of-food-borne-pathogens
#20
Germán Villamizar-Rodríguez, Felipe Lombó
Detection of food-borne pathogens is traditionally carried out by plating out techniques in selective or differential media using Petri agar dishes or other culture-dependent methods, usually designed for each pathogen to be detected. These classical methods are time and personnel consuming and also may last for up to 5 days in the case of final confirmation of some specific pathogens.Here we describe a method for fast multiplex detection of nine food-borne pathogens (all species usually required under most countrylegislations) by means of a single multiplex PCR reaction coupled to a capillary electrophoresis detection, in just 2-2...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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