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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194065/adverse-events-during-apheresis-procedures-audit-at-a-tertiary-hospital
#1
Kanchan Dogra, Parag Fulzele, Diptiranjan Rout, Rahul Chaurasia, Poonam Coshic, Kabita Chatterjee
Apheretic platelets are better quality blood components which reduce donor exposure and chances of TTIs to transfusion recipients when compared to the whole blood derived components. Though safe, these apheretic donations are associated with donor adverse events. We evaluated the incidence of such adverse events associated with the modern apheresis procedures that would provide an insight as well as help formulating preventive steps to avoid frequent occurrences of such events. This prospective audit-based observational study was conducted over 1 year...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186941/preference-based-disease-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-instrument-for-glaucoma-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#2
Sergei Muratov, Dominik W Podbielski, Susan M Jack, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed, Levine A H Mitchell, Monika Baltaziak, Feng Xie
INTRODUCTION: A primary objective of healthcare services is to improve patients' health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Glaucoma, which affects a substantial proportion of the world population, has a significant detrimental impact on HRQoL. Although there are a number of glaucoma-specific questionnaires to measure HRQoL, none is preference-based which prevent them from being used in health economic evaluation. The proposed study is aimed to develop a preference-based instrument that is capable of capturing important effects specific to glaucoma and treatments on HRQoL and is scored based on the patients' preferences...
November 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178912/do-medical-students-receive-training-in-correct-use-of-personal-protective-equipment
#3
Amrita John, Myreen E Tomas, Aditya Hari, Brigid M Wilson, Curtis J Donskey
BACKGROUND: Healthcare personnel often use incorrect technique for donning and doffing of personal protective equipment (PPE). OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that medical students receive insufficient training on correct methods for donning and doffing PPE. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of medical students on clinical rotations at two teaching hospitals to determine the type of training they received in PPE technique...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176333/selective-versus-routine-use-of-episiotomy-for-vaginal-birth
#4
REVIEW
Hong Jiang, Xu Qian, Guillermo Carroli, Paul Garner
BACKGROUND: Some clinicians believe that routine episiotomy, a surgical cut of the vagina and perineum, will prevent serious tears during childbirth. On the other hand, an episiotomy guarantees perineal trauma and sutures. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects on mother and baby of a policy of selective episiotomy ('only if needed') compared with a policy of routine episiotomy ('part of routine management') for vaginal births. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (14 September 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies...
February 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174546/once-an-impression-manager-always-an-impression-manager-antecedents-of-honest-and-deceptive-impression-management-use-and-variability-across-multiple-job-interviews
#5
Nicolas Roulin, Joshua S Bourdage
Research has examined the antecedents of applicants' use of impression management (IM) tactics in employment interviews. All existing empirical studies have measured IM in one particular interview. Yet, applicants generally interview multiple times for different positions, and thus have multiple opportunities to engage in IM, before they can secure a job. Similarly, recent theoretical advances in personnel selection and IM research have suggested that applicant behaviors should be considered as dynamic and adaptive in nature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167769/multifunctional-inexpensive-and-reusable-nanoparticle-printed-biochip-for-cell-manipulation-and-diagnosis
#6
Rahim Esfandyarpour, Matthew J DiDonato, Yuxin Yang, Naside Gozde Durmus, James S Harris, Ronald W Davis
Isolation and characterization of rare cells and molecules from a heterogeneous population is of critical importance in diagnosis of common lethal diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, HIV, and cancer. For the developing world, point-of-care (POC) diagnostics design must account for limited funds, modest public health infrastructure, and low power availability. To address these challenges, here we integrate microfluidics, electronics, and inkjet printing to build an ultra-low-cost, rapid, and miniaturized lab-on-a-chip (LOC) platform...
February 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162901/generation-and-composition-of-medical-wastes-from-private-medical-microbiology-laboratories
#7
Dimitrios Komilis, Nikolaos Makroleivaditis, Eftychia Nikolakopoulou
A study on the generation rate and the composition of solid medical wastes (MW) produced by private medical microbiology laboratories (PMML) was conducted in Greece. The novelty of the work is that no such information exists in the literature for this type of laboratories worldwide. Seven laboratories were selected with capacities that ranged from 8 to 88 examinees per day. The study lasted 6months and daily recording of MW weights was done over 30days during that period. The rates were correlated to the number of examinees, examinations and personnel...
February 2, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160809/implementing-risk-management-to-reduce-injuries-in-the-u-s-fire-service
#8
Keshia M Pollack, Gerald S Poplin, Stephanie Griffin, Wayne Peate, Virginia Nash, Ed Nied, John Gulotta, Jefferey L Burgess
INTRODUCTION: Risk management, a proactive process to identify and mitigate potential injury risks and implement control strategies, was used to reduce the risk of occupational injury in a fire department. The objective of this research was to study the implementation of the risk management process for future replication. A second objective was to document changes in fire personnel's knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to the selected control strategies that were implemented as part of the risk management process...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159796/a-model-for-designing-adaptive-laboratory-evolution-experiments
#9
Ryan A LaCroix, Bernhard O Palsson, Adam M Feist
: The occurrence of mutations is a cornerstone of the evolutionary theory of adaptation, capitalizing on the rare chance that a mutation confers a fitness benefit. Natural selection is increasingly being leveraged in laboratory settings for industrial and basic science applications. Despite an increasing deployment, there are no standardized procedures available for designing and performing adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) experiments. Thus, there is a need to optimize the experimental design, specifically for determining when to consider an experiment complete and for balancing outcomes with available resources (i...
February 3, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159079/guideline-implementation-hand-hygiene
#10
Judith L Goldberg
Performing proper hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis is essential to reducing the rates of health care-associated infections, including surgical site infections. The updated AORN "Guideline for hand hygiene" provides guidance on hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis, the wearing of fingernail polish and artificial nails, proper skin care to prevent dermatitis, the wearing of jewelry, hand hygiene product selection, and quality assurance and performance improvement considerations. This article focuses on key points of the guideline to help perioperative personnel make informed decisions about hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis...
February 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156432/the-effect-of-reflexology-on-quality-of-life-in-iranian-patients-with-breast-cancer
#11
(no author information available yet)
: 90 Background: Breast cancer is one the most prevalent cancers among Iranian women. One of the complementary therapies is reflexology. The extant paper has been provided with the objective of determining the effect of reflexology on quality of life of patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy in the breast disease center. METHODS: This study is a randomized clinical trial which has been applied to 60 patients suffering from breast cancer under chemotherapy in breast diseases center, in 2012...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151826/continuous-electroencephalographic-monitoring-in-the-icu-an-overview-of-current-strengths-and-future-challenges
#12
Danny M W Hilkman, Walther N K A van Mook, Vivianne H J M van Kranen-Mastenbroek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In ICUs, numerous physiological parameters are continuously monitored and displayed. Yet, functional monitoring of the organ of primary concern, the brain, is not routinely performed. Despite the benefits of ICU use of continuous electroencephalographic (EEG)-monitoring (cEEG) is increasingly recognized, several issues nevertheless seem to hamper its widespread clinical implementation. RECENT FINDINGS: Utilization of ICU cEEG has significantly improved detection and characterization of cerebral pathology, prognostication and clinical management in specific patient groups...
February 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151510/-let-me-tell-you-about-my-little-box-phenomenological-study-on-the-experience-of-living-with-a-totally-implantable-central-venous-catheter
#13
Carolina Mutti, Anna Fumagalli, Pierina Monni, Stefania Rancati, Ivana Maria Rosi
: . "Let me tell you about my little box": phenomenological study on the experience of living with a totally implantable central venous catheter. INTRODUCTION: Many variables impact on the choice to implant a totally implantable long-term central venous catheter's (Port), in spite of its proven efficacy. The patients' perception is pivotal, and only few qualitative studies dig deep into patients' feelings and experiences. AIMS: To understand if, and how, the Port affects the patient's life...
October 2016: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148227/effective-team-based-primary-care-observations-from-innovative-practices
#14
Edward H Wagner, Margaret Flinter, Clarissa Hsu, DeAnn Cromp, Brian T Austin, Rebecca Etz, Benjamin F Crabtree, MaryJoan D Ladden
BACKGROUND: Team-based care is now recognized as an essential feature of high quality primary care, but there is limited empiric evidence to guide practice transformation. The purpose of this paper is to describe advances in the configuration and deployment of practice teams based on in-depth study of 30 primary care practices viewed as innovators in team-based care. METHODS: As part of LEAP, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, primary care experts nominated 227 innovative primary care practices...
February 2, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141670/the-impact-of-law-on-syndromic-disease-surveillance-implementation
#15
Jonathan Purtle, Robert I Field, Thomas Hipper, Jillian Nash-Arott, Esther Chernak, James W Buehler
CONTEXT: Legal environments influence how health information technologies are implemented in public health practice settings. Syndromic disease surveillance (SyS) is a relatively new approach to surveillance that depends heavily on health information technologies to achieve rapid awareness of disease trends. Evidence suggests that legal concerns have impeded the optimization of SyS. OBJECTIVES: To (1) understand the legal environments in which SyS is implemented, (2) determine the perceived legal basis for SyS, and (3) identify perceived legal barriers and facilitators to SyS implementation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137363/assessment-of-the-genotoxicity-of-the-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-imatinib-mesylate-in-cultured-fish-and-human-cells
#16
Matjaž Novak, Bojana Žegura, Jana Nunić, Goran Gajski, Marko Gerić, Vera Garaj-Vrhovac, Metka Filipič
The selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib mesylate (IM) is a widely used anticancer drug. Recent studies showing that IM can induce DNA and chromosomal damage in crustaceans and higher plants prompted us to re-examine its potential genotoxicity. IM was not mutagenic in the Ames assay (Salmonella typhimurium). Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity were evaluated in vitro in zebrafish (Danio rerio) liver (ZFL), human hepatoma (HepG2), and human peripheral blood lymphocyte (HPBL) cells. Genotoxicity was determined with the comet assay and with the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome assay...
February 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135227/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-predictors-of-military-task-performance-maximal-lift-capacity
#17
Jay R Hydren, Alexander S Borges, Marilyn A Sharp
Physical performance tests (e.g., physical employment tests, return-to-duty tests) are commonly used to predict occupational task performance to assess the ability of individuals to do a job. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify predictive tests that correlate well with maximal lifting capacity in military personnel. Three databases were searched and experts in the field were contacted, resulting in the identification of nine reports confined to military personnel that presented correlations between predictor tests and job tasks that measured maximal lift capacity...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127586/accrual-patterns-for-clinical-studies-involving-quantitative-imaging-results-of-an-nci-quantitative-imaging-network-qin-survey
#18
Brenda F Kurland, Sameer Aggarwal, Thomas E Yankeelov, Elizabeth R Gerstner, James M Mountz, Hannah M Linden, Ella F Jones, Kellie L Bodeker, John M Buatti
Patient accrual is essential for the success of oncology clinical trials. Recruitment for trials involving the development of quantitative imaging biomarkers may face different challenges than treatment trials. This study surveyed investigators and study personnel for evaluating accrual performance and perceived barriers to accrual and for soliciting solutions to these accrual challenges that are specific to quantitative imaging-based trials. Responses for 25 prospective studies were received from 12 sites...
December 2016: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125904/structured-mentoring-for-workforce-engagement-and-professional-development-in-public-health-settings
#19
Stephanie A Dopson, Sue Griffey, Neelam Ghiya, Susan Laird, Aubrey Cyphert, John Iskander
Mentoring is commonly used to facilitate professional growth and workforce development in a variety of settings. Organizations can use mentoring to help achieve broader personnel goals including leadership development and succession planning. While mentorship can be incorporated into training programs in public health, there are other examples of structured mentoring, with time commitments ranging from minutes to months or longer. Based on a review of the literature in public health and aggregated personal subject matter expertise of existing programs at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, we summarize selected mentoring models that vary primarily by time commitments and meeting frequency and identify specific work situations to which they may be applicable, primarily from the federal job experience point of view...
January 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125629/barriers-of-influenza-vaccination-intention-and-behavior-a-systematic-review-of-influenza-vaccine-hesitancy-2005-2016
#20
Philipp Schmid, Dorothee Rauber, Cornelia Betsch, Gianni Lidolt, Marie-Luisa Denker
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccine hesitancy is a significant threat to global efforts to reduce the burden of seasonal and pandemic influenza. Potential barriers of influenza vaccination need to be identified to inform interventions to raise awareness, influenza vaccine acceptance and uptake. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to (1) identify relevant studies and extract individual barriers of seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccination for risk groups and the general public; and (2) map knowledge gaps in understanding influenza vaccine hesitancy to derive directions for further research and inform interventions in this area...
2017: PloS One
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