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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866595/modifiable-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-10-year-health-outcomes-from-a-health-promotion-program
#1
Daniel W Byrne, Lori A Rolando, Muktar H Aliyu, Paula W McGown, Lisa R Connor, Bradley M Awalt, Marilyn C Holmes, Li Wang, Mary I Yarbrough
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have examined the impact of healthy lifestyle choices on health-related outcomes; however, given their fragmented, often cross-sectional nature, assessing the relative impact of daily modifiable behaviors on overall long-term outcomes, particularly for a diverse working adult population, remains challenging. METHODS: Relationships between ten self-reported healthy lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes during the subsequent 9 years in a cohort of 10,248 participants enrolled during 2003 in a voluntary workplace wellness program were assessed...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862135/determinants-of-disinfectant-use-among-nurses-in-u-s-healthcare-facilities
#2
Orianne Dumas, Aleta S Wiley, Paul K Henneberger, Frank E Speizer, Jan-Paul Zock, Raphaëlle Varraso, Nicole Le Moual, Krislyn M Boggs, Carlos A Camargo
BACKGROUND: Disinfectant use among healthcare workers has been associated with respiratory disorders, especially asthma. We aimed to describe disinfectants used by U.S. nurses, and to investigate qualitative and quantitative differences according to workplace characteristics and region. METHODS: Disinfectant use was assessed by questionnaire in 8,851 nurses. Hospital characteristics were obtained from the American Hospital Association database. RESULTS: Working in a hospital was associated with higher disinfectant use (OR: 2...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860141/diversifying-the-midwifery-workforce-inclusivity-culturally-sensitive-bridging-and-innovation
#3
Holliday Tyson, Karline Wilson-Mitchell
Midwifery educators and regulators in Canada have begun to address diversity, equity, and inclusion in admission processes and program curricula. Populations served by midwives value internationally educated midwives from their countries of origin. The International Midwifery Pre-Registration Program at Ryerson University in Toronto, Ontario, provides assessment, midwifery workplace orientation, and accelerated education for internationally educated midwives on behalf of the regulatory College of Midwives of Ontario...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848083/surgical-management-of-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-survey-among-norwegian-spine-surgeons
#4
Clemens Weber, Greger Lønne, Vidar Rao, Asgeir S Jakola, Ole Solheim, Ulf Nerland, Ivar Rossvoll, Øystein P Nygaard, Wilco C Peul, Sasha Gulati
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is the most common reason for lumbar surgery in the elderly. There is growing evidence that decompressive surgery offers an advantage over non-surgical management for selected patients with persistent severe symptoms. Based on treatment traditions, open laminectomy has been the gold standard surgical treatment, but various other surgical and non-surgical treatments for LSS are widely used in clinical practice. Therefore, we conducted a survey study to capture potential diversities in surgeons' management of LSS in Norway...
November 15, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837374/lending-a-helping-hand-at-work-a-multilevel-investigation-of-prosocial-motivation-inclusive-climate-and-inclusive-behavior
#5
Philippe T J H Nelissen, Ute R Hülsheger, Gemma M C van Ruitenbeek, Fred R H Zijlstra
Purpose People with disabilities often encounter difficulties at the workplace such as exclusion or unfair treatment. Researchers have therefore pointed to the need to focus on behavior that fosters inclusion as well as variables that are antecedents of such 'inclusive behavior'. Therefore the purpose of this study was to research the relationship between prosocial motivation, team inclusive climate and employee inclusive behavior. Method A survey was conducted among a sample of 282 paired employees and colleagues, which were nested in 84 teams...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822193/time-chunking-and-hyper-refocusing-in-a-digitally-enabled-workplace-six-forms-of-knowledge-workers
#6
James E Gaskin, Tanner Skousen
Until the turn of the millennium, switching tasks required moving locations or reconfiguring physical workspaces. However, contemporary digital tools and workspaces allow knowledge workers to perform an increasingly diverse set of tasks, with an increasingly extending arm of influence, all from the same physical location without any physical reconfigurations or traversing of physical space. Along with this increased ambidexterity comes an increase in the quantity and frequency of demands on the time of knowledge workers...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795906/pilot-testing-an-adverse-drug-event-reporting-form-prior-to-its-implementation-in-an-electronic-health-record
#7
Adam Chruscicki, Katherin Badke, David Peddie, Serena Small, Ellen Balka, Corinne M Hohl
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug events (ADEs), harmful unintended consequences of medication use, are a leading cause of hospital admissions, yet are rarely documented in a structured format between care providers. We describe pilot-testing structured ADE documentation fields prior to integration into an electronic medical record (EMR). METHODS: We completed a qualitative study at two Canadian hospitals. Using data derived from a systematic review of the literature, we developed screen mock-ups for an ADE reporting platform, iteratively revised in participatory workshops with diverse end-user groups...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759571/workplace-chemical-and-toxin-exposures-reported-to-a-poisons-information-centre-a-diverse-range-causing-variable-morbidity
#8
Sophia L-Y Ling, David McD Taylor, Jeffery Robinson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the period prevalence, nature and causes of workplace chemical and toxin exposures reported to the Victorian Poisons Information Centre (VPIC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cases classified as 'workplace: acute' when entered into the VPIC database (June 2005-December 2013) were analysed. Data were collected on patient sex, the nature of the chemical or toxin, route of exposure and season. RESULTS: Overall, 4928 cases were extracted...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736216/effectiveness-of-a-scaled-up-arthritis-self-management-program-in-oregon-walk-with-ease
#9
Kathleen P Conte, Michelle C Odden, Natalie M Linton, S Marie Harvey
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Walk With Ease (WWE), an evidence-based arthritis self-management program that was scaled up in Oregon in 2012 to 2014. METHODS: Guided by the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) framework, we collected participant surveys and attendance records and conducted observations. Preprogram and postprogram, participants self-reported pain and fatigue (scale: 0-10 points; high scores indicate more pain and fatigue) and estimated episodes of physical activity per week in the last month...
December 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721558/being-trusted-how-team-generational-age-diversity-promotes-and-undermines-trust-in-cross-boundary-relationships
#10
Michele Williams
We examine how demographic context influences the trust that boundary spanners experience in their dyadic relationships with clients. Because of the salience of age as a demographic characteristic as well as the increasing prevalence of age diversity and intergenerational conflict in the workplace, we focus on team age diversity as a demographic social context that affects trust between boundary spanners and their clients. Using social categorization theory and theories of social capital, we develop and test our contextual argument that a boundary spanner's experience of being trusted is influenced by the social categorization processes that occur in dyadic interactions with a specific client and, simultaneously, by similar social categorization processes that influence the degree to which the client team as a whole serves as a cooperative resource for demographically similar versus dissimilar boundary spanner-client dyads...
April 2016: Journal of Organizational Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689958/barriers-to-translation-of-physical-activity-into-the-lung-cancer-model-of-care-a-qualitative-study-of-clinicians-perspectives
#11
Catherine L Granger, Linda Denehy, Louisa Remedios, Sarah Retica, Pimsiri Phongpagdi, Nicholas Hart, Selina M Parry
RATIONALE: Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines recommend physical activity (physical activity) for people with lung cancer, however evidence has not translated into clinical practice and the majority of patients do not meet recommended activity levels. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors (barriers and enablers) that influence clinicians' translation of the physical activity guidelines into practice. METHODS: Qualitative study involving 17 participants (three respiratory physicians, two thoracic surgeons, two oncologists, two nurses, eight physical therapists) who were recruited using purposive sampling from five hospitals in Melbourne, Australia...
September 30, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667656/global-patterns-of-workplace-productivity-for-people-with-depression-absenteeism-and-presenteeism-costs-across-eight-diverse-countries
#12
S Evans-Lacko, M Knapp
PURPOSE: Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Research suggests that by far, the greatest contributor to the overall economic impact of depression is loss in productivity; however, there is very little research on the costs of depression outside of Western high-income countries. Thus, this study examines the impact of depression on workplace productivity across eight diverse countries. METHODS: We estimated the extent and costs of depression-related absenteeism and presenteeism in the workplace across eight countries: Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, South Africa, and the USA...
November 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637819/using-focus-groups-to-identify-characteristics-of-an-ideal-work-environment-for-advanced-practice-clinicians
#13
Robert J Motley, Richard J Mazzaccaro, David B Burmeister, Samuel D Land, Richard M Boulay, Heiwon Chung, Lynn Deitrick, Andrew D Sumner
Advanced Practice Clinicians (APCs) in collaborative practice represent a diverse and valuable group of health care professionals, including nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurse anesthetists, and nurse midwives. Because these healthcare professionals have been identified as part of the solution to physician shortages, it is critical for health networks to examine and address issues affecting collaborative relationships. We invited our network APCs to participate in focus group sessions to determine both attributes and barriers to an ideal work environment...
September 2016: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628719/supporting-international-medical-graduates-transition-to-their-host-country-realist-synthesis
#14
REVIEW
Amelia Kehoe, John McLachlan, Jane Metcalf, Simon Forrest, Madeline Carter, Jan Illing
CONTEXT: Many health services and systems rely on the contribution of international medical graduates (IMGs) to the workforce. However, concern has grown around their regulation and professional practice. There is a need, in the absence of strong evidence and a robust theoretical base, for a deeper understanding of the efficacy of interventions used to support IMGs' transition to their host countries. This study seeks to explore and synthesise evidence relating to interventions developed for IMGs...
October 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562890/a-systematic-review-of-assessment-and-intervention-strategies-for-effective-clinical-communication-in-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-students
#15
REVIEW
Annie Chan, Alison Purcell, Emma Power
OBJECTIVE: Culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) students often experience difficulties with the clinical communication skills that are essential for successful interactions in the workplace. However, there is little evidence on the effectiveness of assessment and intervention strategies for this population. The two aims of this study were: to evaluate the effectiveness of assessment tools in identifying and describing the clinical communication difficulties of CALD health care students; and to determine whether communication programmes improved their clinical communication skills...
September 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562584/employer-policies-and-practices-to-manage-and-prevent-disability-foreword-to-the-special-issue
#16
William S Shaw, Chris J Main, Glenn Pransky, Michael K Nicholas, Johannes R Anema, Steven J Linton
Purpose Employer policies and practices have been shown to impact workplace disability, but research in this area has waned in recent years despite an aging workforce, a growing prevalence of chronic health conditions, and a larger proportion of working-age adults on permanent work disability in many jurisdictions. The purpose of this article is to describe the background rationale and methodology for an invited conference designed to improve research of employer strategies to curtail work disability. Methods A multidisciplinary team of 26 international researchers with published research in employer-based disability management or related fields were invited to attend a 3-day conference in Hopkinton, Massachusetts, USA...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549226/impact-of-mph-programs-contributing-to-health-system-strengthening-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Prisca A C Zwanikken, Lucy Alexander, Albert Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: The "health workforce" crisis has led to an increased interest in health professional education, including MPH programs. Recently, it was questioned whether training of mid- to higher level cadres in public health prepared graduates with competencies to strengthen health systems in low- and middle-income countries. Measuring educational impact has been notoriously difficult; therefore, innovative methods for measuring the outcome and impact of MPH programs were sought. Impact was conceptualized as "impact on workplace" and "impact on society," which entailed studying how these competencies were enacted and to what effect within the context of the graduates' workplaces, as well as on societal health...
2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539282/workplace-wellness-programs-to-promote-cancer-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Sharon K Soldano
OBJECTIVES: To define the diversity of and business case for workplace wellness programs, highlight best practices for a comprehensive health promotion program, and describe the opportunities for employees to become wellness advocates. DATA SOURCES: Current literature and articles published between 2010 and 2016, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Health Enhancement Research Organization, National Business Group on Health, Wellness Councils of America, best practice program guidelines and internet resources...
August 2016: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532314/health-professionals-experience-of-teamwork-education-in-acute-hospital-settings-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-literature
#19
Kylie Eddy, Zoe Jordan, Matthew Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Teamwork is seen as an important element of patient care in acute hospital settings. The complexity of the journey of care for patients highlights the need for health professionals to collaborate and communicate clearly with each other. Health organizations in western countries are committed to improving patient safety through education of staff and teamwork education programs have been integral to this focus. There are no current systematic reviews of the experience of health professionals who participate in teamwork education in acute hospital settings...
April 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496013/culture-and-language-discordance-in-the-workplace-evidence-from-the-national-home-health-aide-survey
#20
Suzie S Weng, Scott D Landes
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Home health aides (HHAs) provide valuable resources to address existing and predicted needs for taking care of the aging population. Both the older adult and healthcare provider populations in the United States are becoming increasingly diverse. The study examined the effect of culture and language discordance between HHAs and their patients or coworkers on worker outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from this study were from the 2007 National Home Health Aide Survey...
August 5, 2016: Gerontologist
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