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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771228/clinical-leadership-training-an-evaluation-of-the-welsh-fellowship-programme
#1
Suzanne Phillips, Alison Bullock
Purpose UK fellowship schemes have been set up to address low-level engagement of doctors with leadership roles. Established in 2013, the Welsh Clinical Leadership Fellowship (WCLF) programme aims to recruit aspiring future clinical leaders and equip them with knowledge and skills to lead improvements in healthcare delivery. This paper aims to evaluate the 12-month WCLF programme in its first two years of operation. Design/methodology/approach Focused on the participants ( n = 8), the authors explored expectations of the programme, reactions to academic components (provided by Academi Wales) and learning from workplace projects and other opportunities...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754679/-cultural-diversity-tensions-and-solidarities-within-the-nursing-teams
#2
Zahia Kessar, Laurence Kotobi
Cultural and ethnic diversities present in the hospital as well as within the nursing teams impact on the way of working. Observing them from the point of view of the caregivers based on experiences of team guidance and training highlights issues related to the way the hospital teams experience these differences. These differences also have an effect conveyed through tensions, conflicts or solidarity. The place and the role of the managers are an important lever for supporting their teams, notably with regard to racism which can sometimes be expressed in the social relations present in the workplace...
May 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733044/employers-views-of-the-impact-of-mental-health-problems-on-the-ability-to-work
#3
Inger Jansson, A Birgitta Gunnarsson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are common in working life and can be hard to respond to for employers. Therefore, knowledge of employers' perceptions of employees with MHP is important to support coping efforts of persons and their work environments. OBJECTIVE: Identify and characterise employers' perceptions of the impact of MHP on work ability. METHODS: Twelve employers with experience of employees with MHP were interviewed. Data were analysed with a phenomenographic method...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727429/perceived-discrimination-harassment-and-abuse-in-physician-assistant-education-a-pilot-study
#4
Michelle DiBaise, Lisa Tshuma, Darin Ryujin, Susan LeLacheur
PURPOSE: A 2014 meta-analysis found that by graduation, 16.6% of medical students had reported abuse, harassment, or discrimination and that this hostile environment caused an increase in depression and anxiety. The purpose of this research study was to increase the understanding of discrimination and psychological/physical abuse in physician assistant (PA) education programs and the potential impact on student attrition. METHODS: Information was collected using an online, anonymous survey that asked about witnessed or experienced discrimination and psychological or physical abuse during the didactic and clinical years of training in PA programs in the United States...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710100/achieving-gender-equity-in-physician-compensation-and-career-advancement-a-position-paper-of-the-american-college-of-physicians
#5
Renee Butkus, Joshua Serchen, Darilyn V Moyer, Sue S Bornstein, Susan Thompson Hingle
Women comprise more than one third of the active physician workforce, an estimated 46% of all physicians-in-training, and more than half of all medical students in the United States. Although progress has been made toward gender diversity in the physician workforce, disparities in compensation exist and inequities have contributed to a disproportionately low number of female physicians achieving academic advancement and serving in leadership positions. Women in medicine face other challenges, including a lack of mentors, discrimination, gender bias, cultural environment of the workplace, imposter syndrome, and the need for better work-life integration...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698898/carbon-nanotube-and-nanofiber-exposure-and-sputum-and-blood-biomarkers-of-early-effect-among-u-s-workers
#6
John D Beard, Aaron Erdely, Matthew M Dahm, Marie A de Perio, M Eileen Birch, Douglas E Evans, Joseph E Fernback, Tracy Eye, Vamsi Kodali, Robert R Mercer, Stephen J Bertke, Mary K Schubauer-Berigan
BACKGROUND: Carbon nanotubes and nanofibers (CNT/F) are increasingly used for diverse applications. Although animal studies suggest CNT/F exposure may cause deleterious health effects, human epidemiological studies have typically been small, confined to single workplaces, and limited in exposure assessment. OBJECTIVES: We conducted an industrywide cross-sectional epidemiological study of 108 workers from 12 U.S. sites to evaluate associations between occupational CNT/F exposure and sputum and blood biomarkers of early effect...
April 23, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693605/impact-of-a-translated-disease-self-management-program-on-employee-health-and-productivity-six-month-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Matthew Lee Smith, Mark G Wilson, Melissa M Robertson, Heather M Padilla, Heather Zuercher, Robert Vandenberg, Phaedra Corso, Kate Lorig, Diana D Laurent, David M DeJoy
Disease management is gaining importance in workplace health promotion given the aging workforce and rising chronic disease prevalence. The Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) is an effective intervention widely offered in diverse community settings; however, adoption remains low in workplace settings. As part of a larger NIH-funded randomized controlled trial, this study examines the effectiveness of a worksite-tailored version of CDSMP (wCDSMP [ n = 72]) relative to CDSMP (‘Usual Care’ [ n = 109]) to improve health and work performance among employees with one or more chronic conditions...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684833/antecedents-mediators-and-outcomes-of-authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Bayan Alilyyani, Carol A Wong, Greta Cummings
BACKGROUND: Leaders are essential in every organization to achieve patient safety and healthy work environments. Authentic leadership is a relational leadership style purported to promote healthy work environments that influence staff performance and organizational outcomes. Given recent growth in authentic leadership research in healthcare and the importance of new knowledge to inform leadership development, there is an obligation to determine what is known about the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare settings and clarify mechanisms by which authentic leadership affects healthcare staff and patient outcomes...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684831/dis-integrating-cultural-difference-in-practice-and-communication-a-qualitative-study-of-host-and-migrant-registered-nurse-perspectives-from-new-zealand
#9
Margaret Brunton, Catherine Cook
BACKGROUND: Several earlier studies have provided evidence of the difficulties nurses have had adapting to foreign workplaces, however few have considered wider perspectives of the workplace communication environment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the viewpoints and experience of both New Zealand qualified nurses and internationally qualified nurses in managing communication within teams and the clinical practice context in an increasingly diverse healthcare workplace in New Zealand...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677041/nontraditional-academic-community-partnership-a-survey-of-student-knowledge-and-competencies
#10
Eileen Sarsfield, Agnes Burkhard
This pilot study examined student perceptions of the acquisition of core knowledge and basic community/public health generalist competencies gained through an innovative, nontraditional clinical partnership with an organization serving a vulnerable population. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Workplace Health Model was the conceptual framework. A survey, based on the Essentials of Baccalaureate Nursing Education for Entry Level Community/Public Health Nursing Practice, was completed by 25 BSN nursing students...
April 19, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650229/allergen-component-analysis-as-a-tool-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-occupational-allergy
#11
Monika Raulf
We are now in the epoch of "molecular allergology" and numerous clinically relevant allergenic molecules are available improving the performance of in vitro allergen tests and allergen detection methods. This review is focusing on characterized occupational allergens and their implementation into the in vitro diagnosis for occupational allergy and in allergen detection methods. More than 400 occupational agents are identified and documented as being 'respiratory sensitizers', but currently only a limited number of them are characterized on the molecular level and available for routine diagnosis as native or recombinant allergens...
April 9, 2018: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589806/how-physiotherapists-perceive-interpret-and-respond-to-the-ethical-dimensions-of-practice-a-qualitative-study
#12
Clare Delany, Ian Edwards, Caroline Fryer
The profile and reach of physiotherapy has expanded in areas of extended scope of practice, and broader engagement with population needs beyond the individual treatment encounter. These changes raise increasingly complex ethical challenges evidenced by growth in physiotherapy-based ethics studies and discussions. This paper examines how a broad cross section of Australian physiotherapists perceive, interpret, and respond to ethical challenges in their work contexts and how professional codes of conduct are used in their practice...
March 28, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579293/engaging-workplace-representatives-in-research-what-recruitment-strategies-work-best
#13
C Coole, F Nouri, M Narayanasamy, P Baker, S Khan, A Drummond
Background: Workplaces are key stakeholders in work and health but little is known about the methods used to recruit workplace representatives (WRs), including managers, occupational health advisers and colleagues, to externally funded healthcare research studies. Aims: To detail the strategies used in recruiting WRs from three areas of the UK to a qualitative study concerning their experience of employees undergoing hip or knee replacement, to compare the strategies and inform recruitment methods for future studies...
March 20, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574493/immigrant-respiratory-health-a-diverse-perspective-in-environmental-influences-on-respiratory-health
#14
REVIEW
Andrea A Pappalardo, Giselle Mosnaim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to examine the prevalence of and impact of environmental exposures in the workplace and home on immigrant respiratory health in the USA. RECENT FINDINGS: Few studies report levels of workplace and home environmental exposures for immigrant children and adults, and documenting these findings is an important first step to addressing their respiratory health concerns. Rates of respiratory disease are lowest upon first arrival and increase with duration of residency in the USA...
March 24, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563660/ethnic-diversity-inter-group-attitudes-and-countervailing-pathways-of-positive-and-negative-inter-group-contact-an-analysis-across-workplaces-and-neighbourhoods
#15
James Laurence, Katharina Schmid, Miles Hewstone
This study advances the current literature investigating the relationship between contextual out-group exposure, inter-group attitudes and the role of inter-group contact. Firstly, it introduces the concept of contact-valence into this relationship; that is, whether contact is experienced positively or negatively. Secondly, it presents a comparative analysis of how processes of out-group exposure and frequency of (valenced) contact affect prejudice across both neighbourhoods and workplaces. Applying path analysis modelling to a nationally-representative sample of white British individuals in England, we demonstrate, across both contexts, that increasing out-group exposure is associated with higher rates of both positively- and negatively-valenced contact...
2018: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558914/clinical-communication-skills-and-professionalism-education-are-required-from-the-beginning-of-medical-training-a-point-of-view-of-family-physicians
#16
Camila Ament Giuliani Dos Santos Franco, Renato Soleiman Franco, José Mauro Ceratti Lopes, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The Brazilian undergraduate medical course is six years long. As in other countries, a medical residency is not obligatory to practice as a doctor. In this context, this paper aims to clarify what and when competencies in communication and professionalism should be addressed, shedding light on the role of university, residency and post-residency programmes. METHODS: Brazilian family physicians with diverse levels of medical training answered a questionnaire designed to seek a consensus on the competencies that should be taught (key competencies) and when students should achieve them during their medical training...
March 20, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540910/guidelines-for-psychosocial-interventions-in-addictive-disorders-in-india-an-introduction-and-overview
#17
EDITORIAL
Pratima Murthy
While guidelines for psychosocial interventions in addictive disorders in India were earlier rooted in clinical experience and global empirical evidence, recently there have been efforts to develop guidelines for intervention based on the local needs assessments of specific populations and more appreciably, a testing of the effectiveness of the interventions. This supplement on psychosocial interventions for addictive disorders covers some of the important aspects of psychosocial interventions in five sections...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529138/control-banding-tools-for-engineered-nanoparticles-what-the-practitioner-needs-to-know
#18
Kevin H Dunn, Adrienne C Eastlake, Michael Story, Eileen D Kuempel
Control banding (CB) has been widely recommended for the selection of exposure controls for engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) in the absence of ENM-specific occupational exposure limits (OELs). Several ENM-specific CB strategies have been developed but have not been systematically evaluated. In this article, we identify the data inputs and compare the guidance provided by eight CB tools, evaluated on six ENMs, and assuming a constant handling/use scenario. The ENMs evaluated include nanoscale silica, titanium dioxide, silver, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and cellulose...
February 23, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526972/-work-accommodation-at-the-time-of-return-to-work-for-workers-on-sick-leave-a-qualitative-systematic-review-with-recommendations-for-return-to-work-guidance-2017
#19
Kazuhiro Nogawa, Noriko Kojimahara
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to determine whether work accommodation at the time of return-to-work (RTW) following a period of sick leave would improve work-related outcomes. Using a Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach, we developed recommendations applicable to the field of occupational health in Japan. METHOD: We approached our review question for "Evidence-based Return-to-work Guidance in Occupational Health 2017 (RTW 2017)" using a PICO framework (P: workers on sick leave; I: work accommodation; C: usual care; O: improvement of work-related outcomes, such as shortened sick leave period or lower rate of sick leave recurrence)...
March 12, 2018: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526475/sexual-harassment-in-the-work-place-its-impact-on-gynecologic-oncology-and-women-s-health
#20
EDITORIAL
Vivian E von Gruenigen, Beth Y Karlan
For the last few months, media and news outlets have exposed prominent professionals in many settings who have taken advantage of their status of power and influence to engage in sexual harassment and discrimination in the workplace. In medicine, harassment may include many types of health professionals including physicians, nurses, medical students, colleagues and even patients. Programs for sexual harassment prevention, education and training vary between industries, workplaces, medical schools and hospitals...
May 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
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