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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353087/the-impact-of-timetable-changes-on-student-achievement-and-learning-experiences
#1
Nicole B Reinke
BACKGROUND: Many pre-registration nursing programs in Australia use distributive models of clinical placement whereby students attend placement on regular days each week of the teaching semester. The use of this model offers practical advantages by increasing the placement offerings, but reduces the weekdays available for students to attend on-campus classes. The impact of introducing this model on the delivery of on-campus classes has not been examined. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the impact of delivering classes using a condensed weekly timetable on the academic achievement, learning experiences and approaches to learning of pre-registration Bachelor of Nursing Science students at an Australian regional university...
December 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346001/strategies-and-challenges-in-preventing-violence-against-canadian-indoor-sex-workers
#2
Vicky Bungay, Adrian Guta
OBJECTIVES: To examine indoor sex workers' strategies in preventing workplace violence and influential socio-structural conditions. METHODS: Data included qualitative interviews with 85 sex workers in British Columbia, Canada, from 2014 through 2016. For analyses, we used interpretive thematic techniques informed by World Health Organization position statements on violence. RESULTS: Robbery, nonpayment, financial exploitation, and privacy violations were frequent types of violence perpetrated by clients, landlords, and neighbors...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339040/effectiveness-of-workplace-diabetes-prevention-programs-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Sharon A Brown, Alexandra A García, Julie A Zuñiga, Kimberly A Lewis
PURPOSE: The primary purpose is to review diabetes workplace interventions and the degree to which they improve diabetes-related outcomes in employees diagnosed with or at risk for T2DM. METHODS: Three electronic databases and ancestry searches were used to identify peer reviewed articles published in English from 2000 to June 2017. RESULTS: The number of participants represented by the 22 selected studies, excluding one large outlier, was 4243...
January 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324407/head-motion-and-head-gesture-based-robot-control-a-usability-study
#4
Anja Jackowski, Marion Gebhard, Roland Thietje
The assistive robot system adaptive head motion control for user-friendly support (AMiCUS) has been developed to increase the autonomy of motion impaired people. The six degrees of freedom robot arm with gripper is controlled with head motion and head gestures only, so especially tetraplegics benefit from collaboration with AMiCUS. In this paper, a usability study with a total number of 30 subjects was conducted to validate the AMiCUS interaction technology and design. 24 able-bodied subjects of demographically diverse groups and 6 tetraplegics participated in this paper...
January 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278282/exploring-the-career-choices-of-white-and-black-asian-and-minority-ethnic-women-pharmacists-a-qualitative-study
#5
Kelly Howells, Peter Bower, Karen Hassell
OBJECTIVE: In the UK, a growing number of females entering pharmacy are women from Black, Asian and minority ethnic groups (BAME). Research shows that BAME women are more likely to work in the community sector and be self-employed locums than white women, and Asian women overrepresented in part-time, lower status roles. This study aims to explore the employment choices of white and BAME women pharmacists to see whether their diverse work patterns are the product of individual choices or other organisational factors...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249738/factors-contributing-to-the-self-reported-prevalence-of-multiple-chemical-sensitivity-in-public-facility-workers-and-the-general-population-of-korea
#6
Yong Heo, Sang-Hoon Kim, Seok-Ki Lee, Hyoung-Ah Kim
Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), an acquired disorder with multiple recurrent symptoms, has been studied for its association with diverse environmental factors. The present study investigated the factors associated with the self-reported prevalence of MCS in public facility workers and the general population in Korea. The Quick Environmental Exposure Sensitivity Inventory (QEESI) questionnaire was obtained from public facility workers (N=530) and the general population (N=500) to determine the prevalence of MCS and the degree of its risk...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222105/the-emergency-medical-service-microbiome
#7
Andrew J Hudson, Graeme D Glaister, Hans-Joachim Wieden
Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel are an integral component of the healthcare framework and function to transport patients from various locations to and between care facilities. In addition to physical injury, EMS personnel are expected to be at high risk to acquire and transmit healthcare associated infections (HAIs) in the workplace. However, currently little is known about EMS biosafety risk factors and the epidemiological contribution of EMS to pathogen transmission within and outside of the healthcare sector...
December 8, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161386/to-err-is-human-use-of-simulation-to-enhance-training-and-patient-safety-in-anaesthesia
#8
H Higham, B Baxendale
Human beings who work in complex, dynamic, and stressful situations make mistakes. This is as true for anaesthetists as for any other health-care professional, but we face unique challenges in the many roles and responsibilities we have in diverse clinical contexts. As a profession, we are well versed in the development and utilization of improvement techniques and technologies that prioritize high-quality, safe care for patients. This article focuses on one particular domain of patient safety in which anaesthetists have been pre-eminent, the use of simulation in training to improve both professional capabilities and patient safety in anaesthetic practice...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157155/work-environment-and-occupational-risk-assessment-for-small-animal-portuguese-veterinary-activities
#9
Angela C Macedo, Vânia T Mota, João M Tavares, Osvaldo L Machado, Francisco X Malcata, Marinela P Cristo, Olga N Mayan
The professional work of small animal veterinary staff encompasses a wide diversity of demanding tasks. This has prompted a number of studies covering physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic or psychological hazards, as well as their health effects upon veterinary workers. However, such results were obtained from self-reported surveys (via paper or online). This study reports the identification of potential hazards and provides a risk assessment of 15 veterinary clinics based on data from walk-through surveys, interviews with workers, and quantification of indoor air quality parameters including concentration of volatile organic compounds (total, isoflurane and glutaraldehyde)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142011/effect-of-distinct-lifestyle-interventions-on-mobilization-of-fat-storage-pools-the-central-mri-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Yftach Gepner, Ilan Shelef, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Hila Zelicha, Lilac Tene, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Gal Tsaban, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Oded Komy, Arik Wolak, Yoash Chassidim, Rachel Golan, Hilla Avni-Hassid, Avital Bilitzky, Benjamin Sarusi, Eyal Goshen, Elad Shemesh, Yaakov Henkin, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek, Assaf Rudich, Meir J Stampfer, Iris Shai
Background -We aimed to assess whether distinct lifestyle strategies can differentially affect specific body adipose depots. Methods -We performed an eighteen-month randomized controlled trial among 278 sedentary adults with abdominal obesity (75%) or dyslipidemia in an isolated workplace with a monitored provided lunch. Participants were randomized to iso-caloric low-fat (LF) or Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate (MED/LC) diet+28g walnuts/day with/without added moderate physical activity (PA;80% aerobic; supervised/free gym membership)...
November 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135835/cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-risk-across-occupational-groups-and-industry-in-a-state-wide-study-of-an-australian-working-population
#11
Helen Louise Kelsall, Palamandadige Harsha Suranga Fernando, Stella May Gwini, Malcolm Ross Sim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prevalence of type 2 diabetes (diabetes) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in occupational and industry groups in a large, diverse working population. METHODS: 500,000 Victorian workers undertook health checks including lifestyle, anthropometric and biomedical cardiovascular risk factor assessment. 5-year diabetes (AUSDRISK) and absolute CVD risk were estimated. RESULTS: High diabetes and CVD risk was increased in many occupational groups and industries relative to managers and Professional/Scientific/Technical Services respectively...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129189/a-review-of-the-economic-impact-of-mental-illness
#12
Christopher M Doran, Irina Kinchin
Objective To examine the impact and cost associated with mental illness.Methods A rapid review of the literature from Australia, New Zealand, UK and Canada was undertaken. The review included literature pertaining to the cost-of-illness and impact of mental illness as well as any modelling studies. Included studies were categorised according to impact on education, labour force engagement, earlier retirement or welfare dependency. The well-accepted Drummond 10-point economic appraisal checklist was used to assess the quality of the studies...
November 13, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127478/risk-factors-for-episodic-neck-pain-in-workers-a-5-year-prospective-study-of-a-general-working-population
#13
Audrey Petit, Julie Bodin, Angélique Delarue, Alexis D'Escatha, Natacha Fouquet, Yves Roquelaure
PURPOSE: Development of neck pain (NP) in workers has a multifactorial etiology and depends on both individual and workplace factors. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for episodic NP in a large diverse sample of active workers. METHODS: A prospective study based on the surveillance program implemented by the French Public Health Agency in the Loire Valley region. Between 2002 and 2005, 3710 workers were included. Between 2007 and 2010, 2332 workers responded to a follow-up questionnaire which assessed: (1) musculoskeletal symptoms (Nordic questionnaire) and (2) individual and work-related risk factors...
November 10, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094626/workplace-learning-through-collaboration-in-primary-healthcare-a-beme-realist-review-of-what-works-for-whom-and-in-what-circumstances-beme-guide-no-46
#14
Fien Mertens, Esther de Groot, Loes Meijer, Johan Wens, Mary Gemma Cherry, Myriam Deveugele, Roger Damoiseaux, Ann Stes, Peter Pype
BACKGROUND: Changes in healthcare practice toward more proactive clinical, organizational and interprofessional working require primary healthcare professionals to learn continuously from each other through collaboration. This systematic review uses realist methodology to consolidate knowledge on the characteristics of workplace learning (WPL) through collaboration by primary healthcare professionals. METHODS: Following several scoping searches, five electronic bibliographic databases were searched from January 1990 to December 2015 for relevant gray and published literature written in English, French, German and Dutch...
November 2, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076628/barriers-and-facilitators-of-care-for-diverse-patients-nurse-leader-perspectives-and-nurse-manager-implications
#15
Yolanda Ogbolu, Debra A Scrandis, Grace Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVE: To examine chief nurse executives' perspectives on: (1) the provision of culturally and linguistically appropriate services in hospitals and (2) to identify barriers and facilitators associated with the implementation of culturally and linguistically appropriate services. BACKGROUND: Hospitals continue to face challenges providing care to diverse patients. The uptake of standards related to culturally and linguistically appropriate services into clinical practice is sluggish, despite potential benefits, including reducing health disparities, patient errors, readmissions and improving patient experiences...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074517/how-do-workplaces-working-practices-and-colleagues-affect-uk-doctors-career-decisions-a-qualitative-study-of-junior-doctors-career-decision-making-in-the-uk
#16
Sharon Spooner, Emma Pearson, Jonathan Gibson, Kath Checkland
OBJECTIVES: This study draws on an in-depth investigation of factors that influenced the career decisions of junior doctors. SETTING: Junior doctors in the UK can choose to enter specialty training (ST) programmes within 2 years of becoming doctors. Their specialty choices contribute to shaping the balance of the future medical workforce, with views on general practice (GP) careers of particular interest because of current recruitment difficulties. This paper examines how experiences of medical work and perceptions about specialty training shape junior doctors' career decisions...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073845/health-promoting-home-and-workplace-neighborhoods-associations-with-multiple-facets-of-men-s-health
#17
Simon Coulombe, Sophie Meunier, Lyne Cloutier, Nathalie Auger, Bernard Roy, Gilles Tremblay, Francine de Montigny, Isabelle Gaboury, François-Olivier Bernard, Brigitte Lavoie, Harold Dion, Janie Houle
Despite the importance of healthy settings for health promotion, little is known about how neighborhood characteristics affect men's health. The present study aims to explore the associations between perceptions of home and workplace neighborhoods with diverse health outcomes, and to examine mediating mechanisms. A sample of 669 men members of labor unions in Quebec, Canada, completed a questionnaire assessing social and physical aspects of their work and home neighborhoods (the Health-Promoting Neighborhood Questionnaire) as well as subjective and objective health outcomes (perceived health, positive mental health, body mass index) and potential mediators (health behaviors, self-efficacy)...
November 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051440/cytotoxic-and-inflammatory-potential-of-air-samples-from-occupational-settings-with-exposure-to-organic-dust
#18
Susana Viegas, Liliana Aranha Caetano, Merja Korkalainen, Tiago Faria, Cátia Pacífico, Elisabete Carolino, Anita Quintal Gomes, Carla Viegas
Organic dust and related microbial exposures are the main inducers of several respiratory symptoms. Occupational exposure to organic dust is very common and has been reported in diverse settings. In vitro tests using relevant cell cultures can be very useful for characterizing the toxicity of complex mixtures present in the air of occupational environments such as organic dust. In this study, the cell viability and the inflammatory response, as measured by the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and interleukin-1 β (IL-1β), were determined in human macrophages derived from THP-1 monocytic cells...
March 1, 2017: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960547/developing-nurses-intercultural-intraprofessional-communication-skills-using-the-excellence-in-cultural-experiential-learning-and-leadership-excell-social-interaction-maps
#19
Saras Henderson, Michelle Barker
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine how the use of Social Interaction Maps (SIMs), a tool in the EXCELL (EXCELLence in Cultural Experiential Learning and Leadership) Program can enhance the development of nurses' intercultural/intraprofessional communication skills. BACKGROUND: Nurses face communication challenges when interacting with others from similar background as well as those from a culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) background. We used the EXCELL Program's Social Interaction Maps (SIMs) tool to foster intercultural/intraprofessional communication skills in nurses...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951806/safety-climate-and-occupational-stress-according-to-occupational-accidents-experience-and-employment-type-in-shipbuilding-industry-of-korea
#20
Kyung Woo Kim, Sung Jin Park, Hae Sun Lim, Hm Hak Cho
BACKGROUND: Safety climate and occupational stress are related with occupational accident. The present study tried to identify the differences in safety climate and occupational stress according to occupational accidents experience and employment type (e.g., direct workers and subcontract workers). METHODS: In this study, we conducted a survey using safety climate scale and Korean Occupational Stress Scale and classified the participants into four groups: direct workers working for accident-free departments, direct workers working for accident departments, subcontract workers working for accident-free departments, and subcontract workers working for accident departments for 2 years within the same workplace in the shipbuilding industry...
September 2017: Safety and Health At Work
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