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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800502/spotlight-on-equality-of-employment-opportunities-a-qualitative-study-of-job-seeking-experiences-of-graduating-nurses-and-physiotherapists-from-black-and-minority-ethnic-backgrounds
#1
John Hammond, Sylvie Marshall-Lucette, Nigel Davies, Fiona Ross, Ruth Harris
BACKGROUND: There is growing attention in the UK and internationally to the representation of black and minority ethnic groups in healthcare education and the workplace. Although the NHS workforce is very diverse, ethnic minorities are unevenly spread across occupations, and considerably underrepresented in senior positions. Previous research has highlighted that this inequality also exists at junior levels with newly qualified nurses from non-White/British ethnic groups being less likely to get a job at graduation than their White/British colleagues...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793378/the-intersection-of-culture-in-the-provision-of-dementia-care-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Joanne Brooke, Camille Cronin, Marlon Stiell, Omorogieva Ojo
AIM: To understand the intersection of healthcare professionals' and care workers' culture and their provision of person-centred care for people with dementia. BACKGROUND: Due to the nature of global immigration and recruitment strategies, healthcare is provided by a culturally diverse workforce. Consequently, there is a need to understand healthcare professionals' and care workers' cultural values of illness, disease and dementia. Cultural values and beliefs regarding dementia and care of the older person differ, and currently there is a lack of clarity regarding the intersection of culture in the provision of person-centred dementia care...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755393/results-of-an-integrative-analysis-a-call-for-contextualizing-hiv-and-aids-clinical-practice-guidelines-to-support-evidence-based-practice
#3
Nancy Edwards, Eulalia Kahwa, Katie Hoogeveen
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines aim to improve the standard of care for people living with HIV/AIDS. Successfully implementing guidelines requires tailoring them to populations served and to social and organizational influences on care. AIMS: To examine dimensions of context, which nurses and midwives described as having a significant impact on their care of patients living with HIV/AIDS in Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, and Jamaica and to determine whether HIV/AIDS guidelines include adaptations congruent with these dimensions of context...
July 29, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742987/caring-for-children-while-working-in-agriculture-the-perspective-of-farmworker-parents
#4
Amy K Liebman, Juliana Simmons, Marsha Salzwedel, Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Barbara Lee
Access to safe, off-farm childcare is often a challenge for farmworkers with young children and is likely to become an increasingly salient barrier as more agricultural workers migrate together with families and as the number of women entering the agricultural workforce increases. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries, and the presence of young children in the workplace puts them at risk. To better understand the current nature of childcare for farmworker families and the challenges to accessing services, this project facilitated in-person surveys with 132 parents in three communities in Florida...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742763/implementation-of-a-national-workplace-wellness-program-for-health-workers-in-botswana
#5
Jenny H Ledikwe, Bazghina-Werq Semo, Miram Sebego, Maureen Mpho, Heather Mothibedi, Shreshth Mawandia, Gabrielle O'Malley
: The Botswana workplace wellness program (WWP) for health care workers (HCWs) was initiated in 2007. WWP implementation was assessed using a sequential, explanatory, mixed methods design including a national implementation assessment (27 health districts) and in-depth interviews (n = 38). Level of implementation varied across districts with health screening, therapeutic recreation, and health promotion implemented more frequently than occupational health activities and psychosocial services. Facilitators to WWP implementation included establishment of a dedicated, diverse WWP committee; provision of administrative support, and integration of activities into organizational culture...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737378/quantitative-mid-infrared-cavity-ringdown-detection-of-methyl-iodide-for-monitoring-applications
#6
Ibrahim Sadiek, Qiang Shi, Douglas W R Wallace, Gernot Friedrichs
Methyl iodide is a toxic halocarbon with diverse industrial and agricultural applications, and it is an important ocean-derived trace gas that contributes to the iodine burden of the atmosphere. Quantitative analysis of CH3I is mostly based on gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry or electron capture detection (GC-MS/ECD) as of yet, which often limits the ability to conduct in situ high-frequency monitoring studies. This work presents an alternative detection scheme based on mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ringdown spectroscopy (mid-IR cw-CRDS)...
August 4, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695154/the-role-of-minority-stressors-in-lesbian-relationship-commitment-and-persistence-over-time
#7
Renzo J Barrantes, Asia A Eaton, Cindy B Veldhuis, Tonda L Hughes
The Investment Model of relationship commitment uses interpersonal investment, relationship satisfaction, quality of alternatives, and commitment to predict relationship longevity (Rusbult, 1980, 1983). Although ample support for the Investment Model has been found in heterosexual couples, it appears to be less powerful in predicting stability in same-sex relationships (Beals, Impett, & Peplau, 2002), potentially because the model does not account for factors unique to same-sex relationships, such as anti-gay discrimination...
June 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684383/preventing-prescription-drug-misuse-in-work-settings-efficacy-of-a-brief-intervention-in-health-consciousness
#8
Gale Lucas, Michael Neeper, Brittany Linde, Joel Bennett
BACKGROUND: It is becoming more commonplace for employees to use prescription medication outside of intended use. Opioid and other prescription misuse has implications for the health and productivity of workers. Easy-to-access webinars that help employees learn about alternatives to prescription use may decrease risk. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of an interactive but brief health consciousness and prescription drug intervention for a diverse sample of employees and show effectiveness via both Internet-delivered webinar and classroom delivery...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667549/exploring-the-influence-of-context-on-feedback-at-medical-school-a-video-ethnography-study
#9
L M Urquhart, J S Ker, C E Rees
Feedback in medical education is complicated by the multiple contexts within which learning occurs. However, feedback research in medical education has typically focused on information provided by tutors to students with limited exploration of the influence of context. This research seeks to address this gap by exploring the influence of multiple contexts upon feedback processes. Employing video-ethnography methodology we explored feedback in two common contexts for medical student learning: the simulated clinical environment and the medical workplace...
June 30, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656070/applied-theatre-facilitates-dialogue-about-career-challenges-for-scientists
#10
Verónica A Segarra, MariaElena Zavala, Latanya Hammonds-Odie
The design of programs in support of a strong, diverse, and inclusive scientific workforce and academe requires numerous difficult conversations about sensitive topics such as the challenges scientists can face in their professional development. Theatre can be an interactive and effective way to foster discussion around such subjects. This article examines the implementation and benefits of such interactive strategies in different contexts, including the benefits of getting early career academics and professionals talking about some of the situations that women and underrepresented minorities face in the workplace, while allowing more seasoned professionals and colleagues to join in the conversation...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651326/heterogeneity-in-cultivation-based-monitoring-of-airborne-bacterial-biodiversity-in-animal-farms
#11
Udo Jäckel, Elena Martin, Jenny Schäfer
Diversity analyses of bioaerosol samples from highly loaded workplaces as found in agricultural production or waste management help to improve the knowledge of exposure levels of workers. However, different used methods resulting in the detection of different bacterial species at the same work places. The present study obviously supports the deviation of received results using cultivation and further isolation approaches. Within the present study, the bacterial community at workplaces was estimated using the powerful tool of 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses after cultivation procedure...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650981/health-situation-of-migrant-and-minority-nurses-a-systematic-review
#12
Benjamin Schilgen, Albert Nienhaus, Oriana Handtke, Holger Schulz, Mike Mösko
INTRODUCTION: Globally, life expectancy together with multimorbidity and chronic diseases are increasing. This leads to a growing demand for care and hence for healthcare personnel and nurses. To meet this demand, healthcare workers from abroad are increasingly hired. The nurses' workplace in general is characterized by physically and psychologically demanding tasks, while that of migrant and minority nurses is additionally characterized by discriminatory practices. The present knowledge about the health of migrant and minority nurses and the terminology in this context are diverse...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639737/development-and-validation-of-the-workplace-interruptions-measure
#13
Stacy M Wilkes, Larissa K Barber, Arielle P Rogers
In 3 studies, we developed and tested the first comprehensive, self-report measure of workplace interruptions. The Workplace Interruptions Measure (WIM) is based on a typology of interruptions that included intrusions, distractions, discrepancy detections, and breaks. The four-factor structure was reduced to a 12-item measure in Study 1 (N = 317) and confirmed in a diverse sample of employees in Study 2 (N = 160). Study 3 (N = 323) further examined the psychometric properties of the WIM in a sample of university faculty and staff...
June 22, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632597/leadership-communication-and-negotiation-across-a-diverse-workforce-an-aoa-critical-issues-symposium
#14
Denis R Clohisy, Michael J Yaszemski, Joanne Lipman
The current workforce in the United States is rapidly changing and is increasingly inclusive of individuals from a broad range of ages, ethnicities, and cultural backgrounds. Engaging and leading a diverse workforce creates great opportunities for innovation and adaptation in our evolving medical economic and clinical care delivery environment. For optimal engagement of employees and partners, orthopaedic surgeons must develop the necessary skills for executing change inside complex organizations and across teams composed of a variety of providers and skilled workers...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619784/relationships-between-socioeconomic-position-and-objectively-measured-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-in-three-prospective-cohorts
#15
Richard John Shaw, Iva Čukić, Ian J Deary, Catharine R Gale, Sebastien Fm Chastin, Philippa M Dall, Dawn A Skelton, Geoff Der
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether sedentary behaviour in older adults is associated with a systematic and comprehensive range of socioeconomic position (SEP) measures across the life course. SEP measures included prospective measures of social class, income, educational qualifications and parental social class and contemporaneous measures of area deprivation. SETTING: Glasgow and the surrounding (West of Scotland) combined with Edinburgh and the surrounding area (the Lothians)...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616999/investigating-why-and-for-whom-management-ethnic-representativeness-influences-interpersonal-mistreatment-in-the-workplace
#16
Alex P Lindsey, Derek R Avery, Jeremy F Dawson, Eden B King
Preliminary research suggests that employees use the demographic makeup of their organization to make sense of diversity-related incidents at work. The authors build on this work by examining the impact of management ethnic representativeness-the degree to which the ethnic composition of managers in an organization mirrors or is misaligned with the ethnic composition of employees in that organization. To do so, they integrate signaling theory and a sense-making perspective into a relational demography framework to investigate why and for whom management ethnic representativeness may have an impact on interpersonal mistreatment at work...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609192/evaluation-of-the-well-mixed-room-and-near-field-far-field-models-in-occupational-settings
#17
Susan F Arnold, Yuan Shao, Gurumurthy Ramachandran
Drawing appropriate conclusions about a scenario for which the exposure is truly unacceptable drives appropriate exposure and risk management, and protects the health and safety of those individuals. To ensure the vast majority of these decisions are accurate, these decisions must be based upon proven approaches and tools. When these decisions are based solely on professional judgment guided by subjective inputs however, they are more than likely wrong, and biased, underestimating the true exposure. Models have been shown anecdotally to be useful in accurately predicting exposure but their use in occupational hygiene has been limited...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560895/age-diversity-in-the-workplace
#18
Jie Yang, Christina Matz-Costa
Although having a younger supervisor or a supervisor of a similar age runs counter to the traditional older supervisor-younger subordinate norm, it is becoming increasingly common in the 21st-century workplace. The current study uses theories of relational demography and relational norms as well as Selective Optimization with Compensation theory and the job demands-resources model to understand how relational age within supervisor-employee dyads influences workers' engagement. Cross-sectional data from a multiworksite (U...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558602/how-activism-features-in-the-career-lives-of-four-generations-of-canadian-nurses
#19
Judith A MacDonnell, Ellen Buck-McFadyen
Recent nursing research using a critical feminist lens challenges the prevailing view of political inertia in nursing. This comparative life history study using a critical feminist lens explores the relevance of activism with four generations of Canadian nurses. Purposeful sampling of Ontario nurses resulted in 40 participants who were diverse in terms of generation, practice setting, and activist practice. Interviews and focus groups were completed with the sample of Ontario registered nurses or undergraduate and graduate nursing students: 8 Generation X, 9 Generation Y (Millennials), 20 Boomers, and 3 Overboomers...
November 2016: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549459/-a-steep-learning-curve-junior-doctor-perspectives-on-the-transition-from-medical-student-to-the-health-care-workplace
#20
Nancy Sturman, Zachary Tan, Jane Turner
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical student to hospital-based first year junior doctor (termed "intern" in Australia) is known to be challenging, and recent changes in clinical learning environments may reduce graduate preparedness for the intern workplace. Although manageable challenges and transitions are a stimulus to learning, levels of burnout in junior medical colleagues are concerning. In order to prepare and support medical graduates, educators need to understand contemporary junior doctor perspectives on this transition...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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