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Workplace diversity

Sophia L-Y Ling, David McD Taylor, Jeffery Robinson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the period prevalence, nature and causes of workplace chemical and toxin exposures reported to the Victorian Poisons Information Centre (VPIC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cases classified as 'workplace: acute' when entered into the VPIC database (June 2005-December 2013) were analysed. Data were collected on patient sex, the nature of the chemical or toxin, route of exposure and season. RESULTS: Overall, 4928 cases were extracted...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Kathleen P Conte, Michelle C Odden, Natalie M Linton, S Marie Harvey
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Walk With Ease (WWE), an evidence-based arthritis self-management program that was scaled up in Oregon in 2012 to 2014. METHODS: Guided by the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) framework, we collected participant surveys and attendance records and conducted observations. Preprogram and postprogram, participants self-reported pain and fatigue (scale: 0-10 points; high scores indicate more pain and fatigue) and estimated episodes of physical activity per week in the last month...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Michele Williams
We examine how demographic context influences the trust that boundary spanners experience in their dyadic relationships with clients. Because of the salience of age as a demographic characteristic as well as the increasing prevalence of age diversity and intergenerational conflict in the workplace, we focus on team age diversity as a demographic social context that affects trust between boundary spanners and their clients. Using social categorization theory and theories of social capital, we develop and test our contextual argument that a boundary spanner's experience of being trusted is influenced by the social categorization processes that occur in dyadic interactions with a specific client and, simultaneously, by similar social categorization processes that influence the degree to which the client team as a whole serves as a cooperative resource for demographically similar versus dissimilar boundary spanner-client dyads...
April 2016: Journal of Organizational Behavior
Catherine L Granger, Linda Denehy, Louisa Remedios, Sarah Retica, Pimsiri Phongpagdi, Nicholas Hart, Selina M Parry
RATIONALE: Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines recommend physical activity (physical activity) for people with lung cancer, however evidence has not translated into clinical practice and the majority of patients do not meet recommended activity levels. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors (barriers and enablers) that influence clinicians' translation of the physical activity guidelines into practice. METHODS: Qualitative study involving 17 participants (three respiratory physicians, two thoracic surgeons, two oncologists, two nurses, eight physical therapists) who were recruited using purposive sampling from five hospitals in Melbourne, Australia...
September 30, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
S Evans-Lacko, M Knapp
PURPOSE: Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Research suggests that by far, the greatest contributor to the overall economic impact of depression is loss in productivity; however, there is very little research on the costs of depression outside of Western high-income countries. Thus, this study examines the impact of depression on workplace productivity across eight diverse countries. METHODS: We estimated the extent and costs of depression-related absenteeism and presenteeism in the workplace across eight countries: Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, South Africa, and the USA...
September 26, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Robert J Motley, Richard J Mazzaccaro, David B Burmeister, Samuel D Land, Richard M Boulay, Heiwon Chung, Lynn Deitrick, Andrew D Sumner
Advanced Practice Clinicians (APCs) in collaborative practice represent a diverse and valuable group of health care professionals, including nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurse anesthetists, and nurse midwives. Because these healthcare professionals have been identified as part of the solution to physician shortages, it is critical for health networks to examine and address issues affecting collaborative relationships. We invited our network APCs to participate in focus group sessions to determine both attributes and barriers to an ideal work environment...
September 2016: Healthcare
Amelia Kehoe, John McLachlan, Jane Metcalf, Simon Forrest, Madeline Carter, Jan Illing
CONTEXT: Many health services and systems rely on the contribution of international medical graduates (IMGs) to the workforce. However, concern has grown around their regulation and professional practice. There is a need, in the absence of strong evidence and a robust theoretical base, for a deeper understanding of the efficacy of interventions used to support IMGs' transition to their host countries. This study seeks to explore and synthesise evidence relating to interventions developed for IMGs...
October 2016: Medical Education
Annie Chan, Alison Purcell, Emma Power
OBJECTIVE: Culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) students often experience difficulties with the clinical communication skills that are essential for successful interactions in the workplace. However, there is little evidence on the effectiveness of assessment and intervention strategies for this population. The two aims of this study were: to evaluate the effectiveness of assessment tools in identifying and describing the clinical communication difficulties of CALD health care students; and to determine whether communication programmes improved their clinical communication skills...
September 2016: Medical Education
William S Shaw, Chris J Main, Glenn Pransky, Michael K Nicholas, Johannes R Anema, Steven J Linton
Purpose Employer policies and practices have been shown to impact workplace disability, but research in this area has waned in recent years despite an aging workforce, a growing prevalence of chronic health conditions, and a larger proportion of working-age adults on permanent work disability in many jurisdictions. The purpose of this article is to describe the background rationale and methodology for an invited conference designed to improve research of employer strategies to curtail work disability. Methods A multidisciplinary team of 26 international researchers with published research in employer-based disability management or related fields were invited to attend a 3-day conference in Hopkinton, Massachusetts, USA...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Prisca A C Zwanikken, Lucy Alexander, Albert Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: The "health workforce" crisis has led to an increased interest in health professional education, including MPH programs. Recently, it was questioned whether training of mid- to higher level cadres in public health prepared graduates with competencies to strengthen health systems in low- and middle-income countries. Measuring educational impact has been notoriously difficult; therefore, innovative methods for measuring the outcome and impact of MPH programs were sought. Impact was conceptualized as "impact on workplace" and "impact on society," which entailed studying how these competencies were enacted and to what effect within the context of the graduates' workplaces, as well as on societal health...
2016: Human Resources for Health
Sharon K Soldano
OBJECTIVES: To define the diversity of and business case for workplace wellness programs, highlight best practices for a comprehensive health promotion program, and describe the opportunities for employees to become wellness advocates. DATA SOURCES: Current literature and articles published between 2010 and 2016, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Health Enhancement Research Organization, National Business Group on Health, Wellness Councils of America, best practice program guidelines and internet resources...
August 2016: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
Kylie Eddy, Zoe Jordan, Matthew Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Teamwork is seen as an important element of patient care in acute hospital settings. The complexity of the journey of care for patients highlights the need for health professionals to collaborate and communicate clearly with each other. Health organizations in western countries are committed to improving patient safety through education of staff and teamwork education programs have been integral to this focus. There are no current systematic reviews of the experience of health professionals who participate in teamwork education in acute hospital settings...
April 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Suzie S Weng, Scott D Landes
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Home health aides (HHAs) provide valuable resources to address existing and predicted needs for taking care of the aging population. Both the older adult and healthcare provider populations in the United States are becoming increasingly diverse. The study examined the effect of culture and language discordance between HHAs and their patients or coworkers on worker outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from this study were from the 2007 National Home Health Aide Survey...
August 5, 2016: Gerontologist
Iris Reyes, Tammy Ellis, Aaron Yoder, Matthew C Keifer
As the use of mobile devices and their software applications, or apps, becomes ubiquitous, use amongst agricultural working populations is expanding as well. The smart device paired with a well-designed app has potential for improving workplace health and safety in the hands of those who can act upon the information provided. Many apps designed to assess workplace hazards and implementation of worker protections already exist. However, the abundance and diversity of such applications also presents challenges regarding evaluation practices and assignation of value...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Antonio Oddo
This new paper on chemical risk from anaesthetic agents in operating theatres is the natural progression of that published in this journal in supplement 1-2013, as it constitutes a development and complement of the previous work and an applicative confirmation from the highest organ of administrative justice, the Consiglio di Stato, regarding, in particular, the obligation of adopting the technically most advanced "measures" to eliminate or, at least, minimise risk in the use of new generation and the most commonly-used anaesthetic agents (sevoflurane and desflurane)...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Lauren Rauscher, Bianca D M Wilson
OBJECTIVES: This article explores the complex relationships between race and occupational stressors among an ethnically diverse sample of high school teachers and their implications for women's mental health. METHOD: Interviews with Black, White, and Mexican American teachers suggest that workplaces are organized by subtle forms of gender and racial discrimination as well as White racial privilege; this context shapes women's experiences of occupational stressors...
July 18, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Nyssa T Hadgraft, Genevieve N Healy, Neville Owen, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Brigid M Lynch, Parneet Sethi, Elizabeth G Eakin, Marj Moodie, Anthony D LaMontagne, Glen Wiesner, Lisa Willenberg, David W Dunstan
Sedentary behavior is highly prevalent in office-based workplaces; however, few studies have assessed the attributes associated with this health risk factor in the workplace setting. This study aimed to identify the correlates of office workers' objectively-assessed total and prolonged (≥ 30 min bouts) workplace sitting time. Participants were 231 Australian office workers recruited from 14 sites of a single government employer in 2012-13. Potential socio-demographic, work-related, health-related and cognitive-social correlates were measured through a self-administered survey and anthropometric measurements...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Lulu Alwazzan, Charlotte E Rees
CONTEXT: Although research from Western contexts suggests that considerable inequalities for female medical educators exist in the workplace, we do not yet know the views and experiences of women within non-Western contexts. By examining the influence of context, intersecting identities and language use, this study explores female medical educators' views and experiences of gender, career progression and leadership in academic medicine in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: We conducted individual interviews employing narrative interviewing techniques with 25 female medical educators from five schools in the KSA (June to December 2014)...
August 2016: Medical Education
Joshua A Halpern, Bashir Al Hussein Al Awamlh, Sameer Mittal, Jonathan E Shoag, Jim C Hu, Richard K Lee
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in international medical graduate (IMG) representation within urology and compare these trends to those of other specialties. METHODS: Urology match data were obtained from the American Urological Association from 1987 to 2015. IMG representation among residencies was extracted from reports on Graduate Medical Education published in Journal of the American Medical Association from 1978 to 2013. We analyzed trends in the number of IMG urology applicants, match rates in urology for IMGs vs US medical graduates, and the annual percentage of IMGs among all urology residents vs residents of other specialties...
September 2016: Urology
Bhibha M Das, Emily Mailey, Kate Murray, Siobhan M Phillips, Cam Torres, Abby C King
Increased sedentary behavior and reduced physical activity are risk factors for morbidity and mortality. As adults spend a significant portion of their time at work where the default is to spend the majority of the day sitting, shifting workplace norms to decrease sedentary time and increase active time could have a public health impact. Workplaces offer a unique setting for multi-level interventions that can reach diverse populations. Traditional worksite wellness initiatives have produced equivocal results in terms of increasing physical activity...
June 8, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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