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Worker health

Andrés Palacios Picos, Ruth Pinedo González, Myriam de la Iglesia Gutierrez
The aim of the researchers is to explore the causes and consequences of the psychological health of sex workers as well as provide an intervention model for the prevention of mental disorders in accordance with WHO levels. The study sample consisted of 146 sex workers from Spain. Loneliness and maltreatment have a negative influence on psychological health, while self-esteem has a protector role over psychological health. Psychological health has a positive impact on perceived quality of life and other health domains...
March 22, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Anna Ławniczek-Wałczyk, Marcin Cyprowski, Małgorzata Gołofit-Szymczak, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla, Violetta Zając, Rafał L Górny
BACKGROUND: <sup></sup>In recent years, the number of people suffering from diseases caused by fungi has been increasing. However, knowledge of the biodiversity of fungal pathogens in the work environment is still insufficient. The aim of this work was to evaluate the exposure to fungi being disseminated in the air of workplaces contaminated with organic dust of plant and animal origin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bioaerosol samples were collected at 3 occupational settings (poultry farm, biomass burning power plant and wastewater treatment plant) using button samplers...
March 21, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Fei-Ling Wu, Hsiu-Min Tsai, Yiing-Mei Liou, Yen-Fang Chou, Tsai-Hsiu Chang, Shu-Chu Judith Shiao
The development of the occupational health nursing profession has promoted stable and healthy human resources in Taiwan. In order to improve the occupational safety, health, and healthcare of workers, the professional core competencies and role functions of occupational health nursing is of utmost importance. This article investigated the current status of occupational health nursing education, role functions, practice scope, and the development and responsibilities of professional associations and proposed the challenges to and the future prospects of the development of occupational health nursing in Taiwan...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Ripdaman Singh, Fergal O'Hagan
Purpose During return to work (RTW), communication between health care providers and employers largely takes place through standardize paper-based forms. Information technology (IT) platforms may provide advantages in enabling information exchange and decision-making through sharing of guidelines and resources. We investigated stakeholder perspectives on the prospect of IT use for RTW communication in Ontario, Canada. Methods Consistent with the exploratory nature of the questions, qualitative methods were used...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Zahra Hajiebrahimi, Ghahraman Mahmoodi, Ghasem Abedi
Introduction: Health-care service processes need to be assessed over time. We aimed to assess the breast cancer care process in primary health system of Golestan Province, North Iran. Materials and Methods: To perform a descriptive cross-sectional study, information on breast cancer care processes in primary health-care system was collected using a "collecting form" from 234 health houses, 29 health posts, 44 urban health centers, and 80 rural health centers in Golestan Province...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Carlos J Chaccour, Sergi Alonso, Rose Zulliger, Joe Wagman, Abuchahama Saifodine, Baltazar Candrinho, Eusébio Macete, Joe Brew, Christen Fornadel, Hidayat Kassim, Lourdes Loch, Charfudin Sacoor, Kenyssony Varela, Cara L Carty, Molly Robertson, Francisco Saute
Background: Most of the reduction in malaria prevalence seen in Africa since 2000 has been attributed to vector control interventions. Yet increases in the distribution and intensity of insecticide resistance and higher costs of newer insecticides pose a challenge to sustaining these gains. Thus, endemic countries face challenging decisions regarding the choice of vector control interventions. Methods: A cluster randomised trial is being carried out in Mopeia District in the Zambezia Province of Mozambique, where malaria prevalence in children under 5 is high (68% in 2015), despite continuous and campaign distribution of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Joanna Morrison, Issarapa Chunsuwan, Petch Bunnag, Petra C Gronholm, Georgia Lockwood Estrin
Introduction: In low-income and middle-income countries, it is estimated that one in every three preschool-age children are failing to meet cognitive or socioemotional developmental milestones. Thailand has implemented a universal national developmental screening programme (DSPM) for young children to enable detection of developmental disorders and early intervention that can improve child health outcomes. DSPM implementation is being hampered by low attendance at follow-up appointments when children fail the initial screening...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Emily B Wroe, Elizabeth L Dunbar, Noel Kalanga, Luckson Dullie, Chiyembekezo Kachimanga, Andrew Mganga, Michael Herce, Jason Beste, Jonas Rigodon, Lawrence Nazimera, Ryan K McBain
Introduction: Partners In Health and the Malawi Ministry of Health collaborate on comprehensive HIV services in Neno, Malawi, featuring community health workers, interventions addressing social determinants of health and health systems strengthening. We conducted an observational study to describe the HIV care continuum in Neno and to compare facility-level HIV outcomes against health facilities nationally. Methods: We compared facility-level outcomes in Neno (n=13) with all other districts (n=682) from 2013 to 2015 using mixed-effects linear regression modelling...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Rasheda Khanam, Abdullah H Baqui, Mamun Ibne Moin Syed, Meagan Harrison, Nazma Begum, Abdul Quaiyum, Samir K Saha, Saifuddin Ahmed
Background: Intrapartum complications increase the risk of perinatal deaths. However, population-based data from developing countries assessing the contribution of intrapartum complications to perinatal deaths is scarce. Methods: Using data from a cohort of pregnant women followed between 2011 and 2013 in Bangladesh, this study examined the rate and types of intrapartum complications, the association of intrapartum complications with perinatal mortality, and if facility delivery modified the risk of intrapartum-related perinatal deaths...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
Nayeem Ahmad, Shamsi Khalid, Syed M Ali, Asad U Khan
Carbapenem-resistance among enterobacteriaceae has become a global health concern. The objective of this study was to understand NDM producing enterobacteriaceae and their genetic basis of resistance, spreading in neonatal intensive care unit. Carbapenem resistant NDM producing enterobacteriaceae isolates were recovered from rectal swab and blood sample of infants admitted in NICU. These were determined by using Carba-NP test. All isolates were identified using BD PhoenixTM-100 and MICs were determined by broth microdilution method...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Antonio A Nunez, Lily Yan, Laura Smale
For humans, activity during the night is correlated with multiple pathologies that may reflect a lack of harmony among components of the circadian system; however, it remains difficult to identify causal links between nocturnal activity and different pathologies based on the data available from epidemiological studies. Animal models that use forced activity or timed sleep deprivation provide evidence of circadian disruptions that may be at the core of the health risks faced by human night and shift workers...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Noritoshi Fukushima, Makiko Kitabayashi, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Hiroyuki Sasai, Koichiro Oka, Yoshio Nakata, Shigeho Tanaka, And Shigeru Inoue
OBJECTIVE: The times spent in sedentary behavior (SB) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) are independently associated with health outcomes; however, objective data on physical activity levels including SB among different occupations is limited. We compared accelerometer-measured times spent in SB, light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and MVPA, and the patterns associated with prolonged bouts of SB between white- and blue-collar workers. METHODS: The study population consisted of 102 full-time plant workers (54 white-collar and 48 blue-collar) who wore a triaxial accelerometer during waking hours for 5 working days...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Ichiro Higashikubo, Heihachiro Arito, Kenji Ando, Akihiro Araki, Hidesuke Shimizu, Haruhiko Sakurai
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess workers' exposure to indium and its compounds in 55 indium-handling operations among 13 Japanese plants. The surveyed plants were selected from indium-manufacturing plants whose annual indium production exceeded 500 kg. METHODS: The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Essentials control banding toolkit, which contains simple scales for hazard levels, quantities in daily use, and "dustiness" characteristics, was used to assess generic risks of indium-handling operations...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Kai Cui, Fuhai Shen, Bing Han, Hongbo Liu, Jie Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the difference of cumulative incidence rate of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) among four large state-owned coal enterprises in northern China, we created an index system for evaluating the quality of comprehensive measures against CWP and applied the system to evaluate and compare the measures of the four coal enterprises. METHODS: A two-round Delphi investigation was conducted to identify the indicators in the index system. The weight values of the indicators were calculated with analytic hierarchy process methods...
March 21, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
S S Shin, C Modongo, N M Zetola, Q Wang, T Phologolo, M Kestler, A Ho-Foster
OBJECTIVE: To compare daily exposure to tuberculosis (TB) patients between HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected health care workers (HCWs), and examine the uptake of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) among HIV-infected HCWs in Botswana. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study among HCWs in 30 hospitals and clinics. We determined self-reported exposure frequency to TB patients and HIV status through in-person interviews. HCWs with unknown or negative HIV status were offered rapid HIV testing...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Brian J Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Susan A Randolph
Occupational and environmental health nurses can play a key role in the implementation of the U.S. Pharmacopeial (USP) <800> guidelines to protect the health and safety of all workers who handle hazardous drugs.
March 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Alison Kaye, Sandra Lybrand, William L Chew
OBJECTIVE: To determine family-reported psychosocial stressors and social worker assessments and interventions within a comprehensive cleft team. DESIGN: Single-institution prospective provider-completed survey. PATIENTS: Four hundred one families seen by cleft team social worker over a 7-month period. RESULTS: Most families (n = 331; 83%) participated in the team social work assessment. At least 1 active psychosocial stressor was reported by 238 (72%) families, with 63 (19%) families reported 3 or more stressors...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Ngoc Huong Lien Ha, Mei Sian Chong, Robin Wai Munn Choo, Wai Jia Tam, Philip Lin Kiat Yap
BACKGROUND: Although foreign domestic workers (FDWs) play a significant role in caring for frail seniors in Singapore and are vulnerable to caregiving burden, there has been little research conducted hitherto. We explored caregiver burden and its determinants in this study. METHODS: FDWs (N = 221, M age = 32.3, SD = 6.23) recruited from a hospital geriatric unit completed the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) administered in English, Bahasa Melayu, or Burmese. Univariate and multivariate regression were employed to investigate factors influencing caregiving burden in FDWs...
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Carlo Polidori, Agustín Pastor, Alberto Jorge, José Pertusa
Polistes paper wasps can be used to monitor trace metal contaminants, but the effects of pollution on the health of these insects are still unknown. We evaluated, in a south-eastern area of Spain, whether workers of Polistes dominula collected at urban and rural sites differ in health of midgut tissue and in fluctuating asymmetry, an estimate of developmental noise. We found that wasps collected at the urban sites had abundant lead (Pb)-containing spherites, which were less visible in wasps from the rural sites...
March 21, 2018: Microscopy and Microanalysis
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