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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938682/mental-health-of-the-old-and-new-generation-migrant-workers-in-china-who-are-at-greater-risk-for-psychological-distress
#1
Bao-Liang Zhong, Sandra S M Chan, Tie-Bang Liu, Dong Jin, Chi-Yi Hu, Helen F K Chiu
Rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs) are a large vulnerable population in China and, recently, the new-generation MWs (those born in 1980 or later) have become the majority of this population. Examining difference in the epidemiology of poor mental health between the new- and old-generation (those born before 1980) MWs would facilitate mental health promotion efforts. However, very few related studies are available and they produced conflicting findings. This study investigated intergenerational difference in prevalence and correlates of psychological distress (PD) in MWs...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937962/portable-functional-neuroimaging-as-an-environmental-epidemiology-tool-a-how-to-guide-for-the-use-of-fnirs-in-field-studies
#2
Joseph M Baker, Daniel Rojas-Valverde, Randall Gutiérrez, Mirko Winkler, Samuel Fuhrimann, Brenda Eskenazi, Allan L Reiss, Ana M Mora
The widespread application of functional neuroimaging within the field of environmental epidemiology has the potential to greatly enhance our understanding of how environmental toxicants affect brain function. Because many epidemiological studies take place in remote and frequently changing environments, it is necessary that the primary neuroimaging approach adopted by the epidemiology community be robust to many environments, easy to use, and, preferably, mobile. Here, we outline our use of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to collect functional brain imaging data from Costa Rican farm workers enrolled in an epidemiological study on the health effects of chronic pesticide exposure...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937935/the-impact-of-the-2006-massachusetts-health-care-reform-law-on-spine-surgery-patient-payer-mix-status-and-age
#3
Nicolas W Villelli, Hong Yan, Jian Zou, Nicholas M Barbaro
OBJECTIVE Several similarities exist between the Massachusetts health care reform law of 2006 and the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The authors' prior neurosurgical research showed a decrease in uninsured surgeries without a significant change in surgical volume after the Massachusetts reform. An analysis of the payer-mix status and the age of spine surgery patients, before and after the policy, should provide insight into the future impact of the ACA on spine surgery in the US. METHODS Using the Massachusetts State Inpatient Database and spine ICD-9-CM procedure codes, the authors obtained demographic information on patients undergoing spine surgery between 2001 and 2012...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937932/health-and-safety-in-organic-farming-a-qualitative-study
#4
Francisco Soto Mas, Alexis J Handal, Rose E Rohrer, Eric Tomalá Viteri
OBJECTIVE: To explore health and safety issues in organic farming, specifically among small farmers in central New Mexico. METHODS: Participants included 10 certified organic producers and 20 workers. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and observations. RESULTS: The sample consisted of a young, educated, low experienced population which may differ from conventional farmers. Both producers and workers seemed to be aware of the health risks involved with small-scale farming...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937499/prognostic-factors-for-permanent-work-disability-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-who-received-combination-therapy-of-conventional-synthetic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
M Luisa Vazquez-Villegas, Jorge I Gamez-Nava, Alfredo Celis, Dalia Sanchez-Mosco, Liliana F de la Cerda-Trujillo, Jessica D Murillo-Vazquez, A Miriam Saldaña-Cruz, Miriam F Alcaraz-Lopez, Valeria Diaz-Rizo, Jose Alvarez-Nemegyei, Mario H Cardiel, Laura Gonzalez-Lopez
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the factors related with the development of long-term permanent work disability (PWD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with a combination of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (cs-DMARDs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence and factors associated with the development of PWD in RA treated with combination therapy using conventional synthetic cs-DMARDs. METHODS: We assessed in multivariate models the effect of clinical and demographic factors in the development of PWD in a long-term retrospective cohort of 180 workers with RA who were treated with a combination of cs-DMARDs...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937473/prognostic-factors-for-permanent-work-disability-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-who-received-combination-therapy-of-conventional-synthetic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
M Luisa Vazquez-Villegas, Jorge I Gamez-Nava, Alfredo Celis, Dalia Sanchez-Mosco, Liliana F de la Cerda-Trujillo, Jessica D Murillo-Vazquez, A Miriam Saldaña-Cruz, Miriam F Alcaraz-Lopez, Valeria Diaz-Rizo, Jose Alvarez-Nemegyei, Mario H Cardiel, Laura Gonzalez-Lopez
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the factors related with the development of long-term permanent work disability (PWD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with a combination of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (cs-DMARDs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence and factors associated with the development of PWD in RA treated with combination therapy using conventional synthetic cs-DMARDs. METHODS: We assessed in multivariate models the effect of clinical and demographic factors in the development of PWD in a long-term retrospective cohort of 180 workers with RA who were treated with a combination of cs-DMARDs...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936897/uk-guidance-on-the-management-of-personal-dosimetry-systems-for-healthcare-staff-working-at-multiple-organisations
#7
Andy Rogers, Claire-Louise Chapple, Maria Murray, David Platton, John Saunderson
There has been concern expressed by the UK regulator, the Health & Safety Executive, regarding the management of occupation dose for healthcare radiation workers who work across multiple organisations. In response to this concern the British Institute of Radiology led a working group of relevant professional bodies to develop guidance in this area. The guidance addresses issues of general system management that would apply to all personal dosimetry systems, regardless of whether or not the workers within that system work across organisational boundaries, along with exploring efficient strategies to comply with legislation where those workers do indeed work across organisational boundaries...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936632/children-of-migrants-the-cumulative-impact-of-parental-migration-on-children-s-education-and-health-outcomes-in-china
#8
Xin Meng, Chikako Yamauchi
Since the end of 1990s, approximately 160 million Chinese rural workers migrated to cities for work. Because of restrictions on migrant access to local health and education systems, many rural children are left behind in home villages to grow up without parental care. This article examines how exposure to cumulative parental migration affects children's health and education outcomes. Using the Rural-Urban Migration Survey in China (RUMiC) data, we measure the share of children's lifetime during which parents were away from home...
September 21, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936409/current-scenario-of-hepatitis-b-and-its-treatment-in-india
#9
REVIEW
Gautam Ray
Hepatitis B is a significant public health problem in India, yet disease awareness is very low among the general population. The disease is mostly acquired horizontally, but the role of vertical transmission should not be underestimated. In spite of the fact that the majority of cases are e negative disease, most patients present in the advanced stage and even with hepatocellular carcinoma, the leading cause of which is hepatitis B. High-risk groups (especially tribals) also harbour significant disease burden and have a high prevalence of occult infection, supporting the potential of unknowingly spreading the disease...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936375/hand-hygiene-practices-among-indian-medical-undergraduates-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#10
Pranav D Modi, Pooja Kumar, Rajavi Solanki, Janhavi Modi, Srinath Chandramani, Niharika Gill
Background and objectives To prevent the spread of infections in all healthcare settings, hand hygiene must be routinely practiced. Appropriate hand hygiene techniques can go a long way in reducing nosocomial infections, cross-transmission of microorganisms and the risk of occupational exposure to infectious diseases. World Health Organisation (WHO) has taken an incredible approach called "My Five Moments for Hand Hygiene" which defines the key moments when health-care workers should perform hand hygiene. We thus carried out a survey to assess knowledge of hand hygiene practices among undergraduate medical students...
July 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936358/characteristics-of-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-five-sectors-in-service-industry-between-2004-and-2013
#11
Hyun-Woo Choi, Young-Ki Kim, Dong-Mug Kang, Jong-Eun Kim, Bo-Young Jang
BACKGROUND: 'Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs)' have been mostly reported in the manufacturing industry but recently the occurrence of industrial injuries has been constantly increasing in the service industry. This research is going to analyze the data about workers' compensation for WRMSDs in five different service sectors and identify characteristics of occupations with the highest approved occupations. METHODS: According to the data released from the Korea Worker's Compensation & Welfare Service, the overview of 12,730 cases of workers' compensation for WRMSDs in five service sectors from 2004 to 2013 is going to be analyzed and the source data is going to be classified by the Korean Standard Classification of Occupations to select the top five occupations that have the highest number of approval...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935523/an-outbreak-of-burkholderia-cepacia-pseudobacteraemia-caused-by-intrinsically-contaminated-commercial-0-5-chlorhexidine-solution-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#12
Je Eun Song, Yee Gyung Kwak, Tae Hyun Um, Chong Rae Cho, Sollip Kim, In Sook Park, Jong Hee Hwang, Namhee Kim, Gang-Bok Oh
BACKGROUND: Burkholderia cepacia is intrinsically resistant to certain antiseptics. We experienced a sudden increase in the frequency of isolation of B. cepacia from blood cultures in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a university-affiliated hospital. AIM: An investigation was conducted to identify the source and to intervene in the ongoing infections. METHODS: The cases were defined as patients with positive blood cultures for B. cepacia in a NICU between November 2014 and January 2015...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935442/what-are-patient-navigators-doing-for-whom-and-where-a-national-survey-evaluating-the-types-of-services-provided-by-patient-navigators
#13
Kristen J Wells, Patricia Valverde, Amy E Ustjanauskas, Elizabeth A Calhoun, Betsy C Risendal
OBJECTIVE: A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted to assess patient navigator, patient population, and work setting characteristics associated with performance of various patient navigation (PN) tasks. METHODS: Using respondent-driven sampling, 819 navigators completed a survey assessing frequency of providing 83 PN services, along with information about themselves, populations they serve, and setting in which they worked. Analyses of variance and Pearson correlations were conducted to determine differences and associations in frequency of PN services provided by various patient, navigator, and work setting characteristics...
August 31, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935157/thermal-lysis-and-isothermal-amplification-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-h37rv-in-one-tube
#14
Prasad Shetty, Dipayan Ghosh, Debjani Paul
Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of high mortality rates in developing countries. Sample preparation is one of the major challenges in developing an inexpensive point-of-care device for rapid and confirmed detection of tuberculosis. Existing chemical and mechanical lysis methods are unsuitable for field applications, as they require intermediate wash steps, manual intervention or separate lysis equipment. We report a one-step reaction protocol (65°C and 60min) for the H37Rv strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis that (i) completely disinfects the mycobacteria culture, (ii) lyses the cells and (iii) performs helicase dependent amplification on the extracted DNA...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935131/which-research-questions-are-important-for-the-bereaved-families-of-palliative-care-cancer-patients-a-nationwide-survey
#15
Akihiro Sakashita, Tatsuya Morita, Megumi Kishino, Maho Aoyama, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
CONTEXT: Bereaved family members are present from diagnosis to the end of life and can look back and evaluate the experience; additionally, the family itself is also an important subject in the care of the patient. Therefore, while it is essential to determine the priority research issues from the viewpoint of the patients and health care workers, it is also crucial to know the important research themes from the viewpoint of the bereaved family members. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify research priorities for palliative care in Japan, based on the viewpoint of bereaved family members...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934942/implementation-considerations-when-expanding-health-worker-roles-to-include-safe-abortion-care-a-five-country-case-study-synthesis
#16
Claire Glenton, Annik M Sorhaindo, Bela Ganatra, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: Allowing a broader range of trained health workers to deliver services can be an important way of improving access to safe abortion care. However, the expansion of health worker roles may be challenging to implement. This study aimed to explore factors influencing the implementation of role expansion strategies for non-physician providers to include the delivery of abortion care. METHODS: We conducted a multi-country case study synthesis in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, South Africa and Uruguay, where the roles of non-physician providers have been formally expanded to include the provision of abortion care...
September 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934773/leptospirosis-in-three-workers-on-a-dairy-farm-with-unvaccinated-cattle
#17
Jackie Benschop, Julie Collins-Emerson, Allie Maskill, Patrick O'Connor, Margaret Tunbridge, Yuni Yupiana, Jenny Weston
AIM: We report a one-health investigation of three cases of leptospirosis on a dairy farm with unvaccinated cattle in New Zealand. The cases are discussed in the context of diagnostics, risk factors, persistence of symptoms and outbreak mitigation measures. METHOD: Clinical and laboratory records from the human cases were reviewed and serological and molecular investigations were conducted into the Leptospira status of cattle and pigs on the farm. RESULTS: Cases presented early in their illness and all three were confirmed within seven days of onset of symptoms by urine PCR and within 18 days by convalescent MAT (two Hardjo-bovis, one Pomona)...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934673/an-analysis-of-chemicals-and-other-constituents-found-in-produced-water-from-hydraulically-fractured-wells-in-california-and-the-challenges-for-wastewater-management
#18
Emily A Chittick, Tanja Srebotnjak
As high-volume hydraulic fracturing (HF) has grown substantially in the United States over the past decade, so has the volume of produced water (PW), i.e., briny water brought to the surface as a byproduct of oil and gas production. According to a recent study (Groundwater Protection Council, 2015), more than 21 billion barrels of PW were generated in 2012. In addition to being high in TDS, PW may contain hydrocarbons, PAH, alkylphenols, naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), metals, and other organic and inorganic substances...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934370/the-risk-of-sustained-sexual-transmission-of-zika-is-underestimated
#19
Antoine Allard, Benjamin M Althouse, Laurent Hébert-Dufresne, Samuel V Scarpino
Pathogens often follow more than one transmission route during outbreaks-from needle sharing plus sexual transmission of HIV to small droplet aerosol plus fomite transmission of influenza. Thus, controlling an infectious disease outbreak often requires characterizing the risk associated with multiple mechanisms of transmission. For example, during the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, weighing the relative importance of funeral versus health care worker transmission was essential to stopping disease spread...
September 21, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934228/knowledge-about-tuberculosis-transmission-and-prevention-and-perceptions-of-health-service-utilization-among-index-cases-and-contacts-in-brazil-understanding-losses-in-the-latent-tuberculosis-cascade-of-care
#20
Flavia Matos Salame, Márcia Danielle Ferreira, Marcia Teresa Belo, Eleny Guimarães Teixeira, Marcelo Cordeiro-Santos, Ricardo Arraes Ximenes, Maria de Fátima Militão de Albuquerque, Philip C Hill, Dick Menzies, Anete Trajman
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis contacts are candidates for active and latent tuberculosis infection screening and eventual treatment. However, many losses occur in the different steps of the contacts' cascade of care. Reasons for this are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To describe the different steps where losses in the contact cascade occur and to explore knowledge and attitudes regarding tuberculosis transmission/prevention and perceptions about tuberculosis services in order to understand the reasons for losses from the tuberculosis service users' perspective...
2017: PloS One
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