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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737324/-repeated-bcg-vaccine-stockouts-in-france-local-findings-and-consequences-in-a-primary-health-care-centre-in-seine-saint-denis
#1
Céline Fleury, Johann Cailhol
<ce:para>France is the European country most severely impacted by BCG vaccine stockouts that started in 2013. After a brief history of French tuberculosis vaccine regulations, this article describes the dysfunctions induced by these shortages in a primary health care centre in Seine-Saint-Denis, the department with the highest incidence of tuberculosis in France.</ce:para> <ce:para>Field observations reveal two types of shortcomings in the institutional communication to healthcare professionals: incomplete communication on projected shortages and their duration; lack of technical information on BCG multidose vials for the Polish market replacing BCG SSI...
March 6, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737075/socialization-indifference-and-convenience-exploring-the-uptake-of-influenza-vaccine-among-medical-students-and-early-career-doctors
#2
Rhiannon Edge, Dawn Goodwin, Rachel Isba, Thomas Keegan
The Chief Medical Officer recommends that all health care workers receive an influenza vaccination annually. High vaccination coverage is believed to be the best protection against the spread of influenza within a hospital, although uptake by health care workers remains low. We conducted semistructured interviews with seven medical students and nine early career doctors, to explore the factors informing their influenza vaccination decision making. Data collection and analysis took place iteratively, until theoretical saturation was achieved, and a thematic analysis was performed...
July 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#3
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736731/a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-of-success-factors-of-mhealth-and-telehealth-for-maternal-health-in-sub-saharan-africa
#4
REVIEW
Mohamed Ali Ag Ahmed, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Louise Hamelin-Brabant, Gisele Irène Claudine Mbemba, Hassane Alami
Access to health care is still limited for many women in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), while it remains an important determinant of maternal mortality and morbidity. Information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mhealth and telehealth, can help to facilitate this access by acting on the various obstacles encountered by women, be they socio-cultural, economic, geographical or organizational. However, various factors contribute to the success of mhealth and telehealth implementation and use, and must be considered for these technologies to go beyond the pilot project stage...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736403/combating-health-disparities-in-cambodian-american-communities-a-cbpr-approach-to-building-community-capacity
#5
S Megan Berthold, Sengly Kong, Theanvy Kuoch, Elizabeth A Schilling, Rasy An, Mary Blatz, Rorng Sorn, Sivheng Ung, Yorn Yan, Mary Scully, Seiya Fukuda, Lorin Mordecai
BACKGROUND: Cambodian Americans have higher rates of health problems compared with the general U.S. POPULATION: A relatively modest community capacity for collecting data contributes to these disparities. OBJECTIVES: To (1) further develop the Cambodian American community's capacity to design and conduct health research meaningful to their community via a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, (2) train and deploy bilingual community health workers (CHWs) to gather health-related data from their communities using mobile technology, and (3) measure the feasibility and effectiveness of our efforts...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736393/traditional-healers-faith-healers-and-medical-practitioners-the-contribution-of-medical-pluralism-to-bottlenecks-along-the-cascade-of-care-for-hiv-aids-in-eastern-and-southern-africa
#6
Mosa Moshabela, Dominic Bukenya, Gabriel Darong, Joyce Wamoyi, Estelle McLean, Morten Skovdal, William Ddaaki, Kenneth Ondeng'e, Oliver Bonnington, Janet Seeley, Victoria Hosegood, Alison Wringe
OBJECTIVES: There are concerns that medical pluralism may delay patients' progression through the HIV cascade-of-care. However, the pathways of impact through which medical pluralism influence the care of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in African settings remain unclear. We sought to establish the manifestation of medical pluralism among PLHIV, and explore mechanisms through which medical pluralism contributes bottlenecks along the HIV care cascade. METHODS: We conducted a multicountry exploratory qualitative study in seven health and demographic surveillance sites in six eastern and southern African countries: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736392/-i-am-treated-well-if-i-adhere-to-my-hiv-medication-putting-patient-provider-interactions-in-context-through-insights-from-qualitative-research-in-five-sub-saharan-african-countries
#7
Ken Ondenge, Jenny Renju, Oliver Bonnington, Mosa Moshabela, Joyce Wamoyi, Constance Nyamukapa, Janet Seeley, Alison Wringe, Morten Skovdal
OBJECTIVES: The nature of patient-provider interactions and communication is widely documented to significantly impact on patient experiences, treatment adherence and health outcomes. Yet little is known about the broader contextual factors and dynamics that shape patient-provider interactions in high HIV prevalence and limited-resource settings. Drawing on qualitative research from five sub-Saharan African countries, we seek to unpack local dynamics that serve to hinder or facilitate productive patient-provider interactions...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736391/-i-wanted-to-safeguard-the-baby-a-qualitative-study-to-understand-the-experiences-of-option-b-for-pregnant-women-and-the-potential-implications-for-test-and-treat-in-four-sub-saharan-african-settings
#8
Estelle McLean, Jenny Renju, Joyce Wamoyi, Dominic Bukenya, William Ddaaki, Kathryn Church, Basia Zaba, Alison Wringe
OBJECTIVE: To explore what influences on engagement with Option B+ in four sub-Saharan African settings. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted in 2015, with 22 HIV-positive women who had been pregnant since Option B+ was available, and 15 healthcare workers (HCWs) involved in HIV service delivery. Participants were purposely selected from four health and demographic surveillance sites in Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. A thematic content analysis was conducted to investigate what influenced engagement with Option B+...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736389/hiv-testing-experiences-and-their-implications-for-patient-engagement-with-hiv-care-and-treatment-on-the-eve-of-test-and-treat-findings-from-a-multicountry-qualitative-study
#9
Alison Wringe, Mosa Moshabela, Constance Nyamukapa, Dominic Bukenya, Ken Ondenge, William Ddaaki, Joyce Wamoyi, Janet Seeley, Kathryn Church, Basia Zaba, Victoria Hosegood, Oliver Bonnington, Morten Skovdal, Jenny Renju
OBJECTIVE: In view of expanding 'test and treat' initiatives, we sought to elicit how the experience of HIV testing influenced subsequent engagement in HIV care among people diagnosed with HIV. METHODS: As part of a multisite qualitative study, we conducted in-depth interviews in Uganda, South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Malawi and Zimbabwe with 5-10 health workers and 28-59 people living with HIV, per country. Topic guides covered patient and provider experiences of HIV testing and treatment services...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736184/attitudes-towards-zika-virus-infection-among-medical-doctors-in-aceh-province-indonesia
#10
Harapan Harapan, Alma Alleta, Samsul Anwar, Abdul M Setiawan, Reza Maulana, Nur Wahyuniati, Muhammad R Ramadana, Ikram Ikram, Sotianingsih Haryanto, Kurnia F Jamil, Ulrich Kuch, Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, a public health emergency of international concern, has recently been confirmed in Indonesia. However, to date, there has been no study to assess how prepared healthcare workers in Indonesia are to confront this emerging infectious disease. The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes of medical doctors in Indonesia towards ZIKV infection and its associated explanatory variables. A cross-sectional self-administered online survey was conducted from 3 May to 3 June 2016 in Aceh province, Indonesia...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735985/attitude-and-impact-factors-toward-organ-transplantation-and-donation-among-transplantation-nurses-in-china
#11
J-F Xie, C-Y Wang, G-P He, Y-Z Ming, Q-Q Wan, J Liu, L-N Gong, L-F Liu
BACKGROUND: Health workers' awareness and knowledge of transplantation medicine can improve people's sensitivity and reduce their degree of opposition to donations. The medical literature contains numerous examples of attitudes toward organ transplantation and donation aimed at university students or medical staff members, but rarely for transplantation nurses. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of the study were to investigate the attitudes toward organ transplantation and donation among transplantation nurses and to explore the impact factors...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735724/evaluating-community-health-workers-attributes-roles-and-pathways-of-action-in-immigrant-communities
#12
Nadia Islam, Ephraim Shapiro, Laura Wyatt, Lindsey Riley, Jennifer Zanowiak, Rhodora Ursua, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
Community health workers (CHWs) are uniquely positioned to improve health outcomes in immigrant communities; however, research on appropriate metrics for evaluating CHW attributes and mechanisms of effectiveness are limited. The objective of this paper is to characterize CHW attributes and pathways of action using adapted measures, develop a scale using these measures, and explore how findings can inform future CHW research and practice. The study analyzed pre- and post-intervention group data from one quasi-experimental and three randomized controlled-design parent trials assessing the impact of CHW-led group and individual health coaching on various health outcomes in four New York City immigrant communities...
July 20, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735347/the-impact-of-eldercare-on-adult-children-s-health-and-employment-in-transitional-china
#13
Xiaomei Pei, Hao Luo, Zhiyong Lin, Norah Keating, Janet Fast
This paper explores the content and extent of the burden of caregiving for Chinese families in transition. It sets out to understand how Chinese families manage to balance family caregiving responsibilities with employment, the impact of the existing social institutions on family caregiving practices, and the risks that caregivers have to face. Data were collected from a sample of 214 workers from 14 manufacturing companies in an industrialized city in central China in 2013. Analysis revealed that common types of eldercare were assisting with activities of daily living and medical related care; middle aged employed respondents were most likely to be the caregivers to older family members; financial and time demands of care were challenging for caregivers, but women with more education and a secure job responded to the pressure of care giving better than those with less education and insecure jobs...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733698/expert-agreed-standards-for-the-selection-and-development-of-cancer-support-group-leaders-an-online-reactive-delphi-study
#14
Amanda Pomery, Penelope Schofield, Miranda Xhilaga, Karla Gough
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop pragmatic, consensus-based minimum standards for the role of a cancer support group leader. Secondly, to produce a structured interview designed to assess the knowledge, skills and attributes of the individuals who seek to undertake the role. METHODS: An expert panel of 73 academics, health professionals, cancer agency workers and cancer support group leaders were invited to participate in a reactive online Delphi study involving three online questionnaire rounds...
July 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733056/uninsured-maternity-patients-in-calgary-local-trends-and-survey-of-health-care-workers
#15
Fiona M Mattatall
OBJECTIVE: Uninsured maternity patients comprise a small but complex group of patients and include marginalized Canadians, undocumented immigrants, visitors, and non-Canadians seeking health care and/or citizenship for their newborn. This is the first Canadian study to quantify these patients and to review health care providers' perspectives and practices of care. METHODS: Data for all deliveries in Calgary, Alberta over a 4-year period (2013-2016) were analyzed...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732740/exposure-survey-of-trends-in-occupational-practice-expo-s-t-o-p-2015-a-national-survey-of-sharps-injuries-and-mucocutaneous-blood-exposures-among-health-care-workers-in-us-hospitals
#16
T Grimmond, L Good
BACKGROUND: National blood exposure (BE) surveys are valuable to health care facilities striving to reduce percutaneous sharps injuries (SIs) or mucocutaneous (MC) exposures among their health care workers (HCWs). In the Exposure Survey of Trends in Occupational Practice (EXPO-S.T.O.P.) 2015 we surveyed hospital BE incidence among members of the Association of Occupational Health Professionals in Healthcare. METHODS: A 23-item electronic survey requested 2015 data on total SI and MC; SI in nurses, doctors, and surgery; staffed beds; teaching status; full time equivalent staff (FTE), nurse FTE, average daily census (ADC), and adjusted patient days (APD)...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731884/determination-of-colorectal-cancer-risk-levels-colorectal-cancer-screening-rates-and-factors-affecting-screening-participation-of-individuals-working-in-agriculture-in-turkey
#17
Ayşegül Ilgaz, Sebahat Gözüm
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth ranked malignancy leading to death in Turkey. Agricultural workers with low socioeconomic level are particularly at risk due to the intense use of pesticides. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine CRC risk levels, status of participation in CRC screenings, and the factors affecting participation in screenings among individuals between 50 and 70 years old working in agriculture. METHODS: Data in this cross-sectional study were collected from 244 agricultural workers in Turkey...
July 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731491/patient-satisfaction-and-acceptance-of-their-totally-implanted-central-venous-catheter-a-french-prospective-multicenter-study
#18
Pierre-Yves Marcy, Renaud Schiappa, Jean-Marc Ferrero, Christian Dahlet, Olivier Brenet, Gabriel Yazbec, Pierre-Yves Dubois, Bernard Salm, Yves Fouche, Veronique Mari, Marion Montastruc, Nathalie Lebrec, Benoit Ancel, Nicolas Paillocher, Denis Dupoiron, Olivier Rangeard, Jocelyn Gal, Marc Ettaiche, Yann Chateau, Emmanuel Chamorey
INTRODUCTION: Most cancer patients require a totally implanted central venous catheter (TIVAD) for their treatment. In a previous study, we developed and validated a questionnaire dubbed QASICC (Questionnaire for Acceptance of, and Satisfaction with, Implanted Central Venous Catheter) assessing patient satisfaction with, and acceptance of, their TIVAD. In the present study, we conducted a large, prospective, multicenter study in cancer patients aimed to analyze factors that could influence patients' acceptance of, and satisfaction with, their device...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731383/training-employers-to-implement-health-promotion-programs-results-from-the-cdc-work-health%C3%A2-program
#19
Laurie A Cluff, Jason E Lang, Jennifer R Rineer, Nkenge H Jones-Jack, Karen M Strazza
PURPOSE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) initiated the Work@Health Program to teach employers how to improve worker health using evidence-based strategies. Program goals included (1) determining the best way(s) to deliver employer training, (2) increasing employers' knowledge of workplace health promotion (WHP), and (3) increasing the number of evidence-based WHP interventions at employers' worksites. This study is one of the few to examine the effectiveness of a program designed to train employers how to implement WHP programs...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731309/toxicology-of-lead-and-its-damage-to-mammalian-organs
#20
Samuel Caito, Ana Carolina B Almeida Lopes, Monica M B Paoliello, Michael Aschner
The toxicity of lead has been appreciated for centuries. Lead is a commonly used metal in industrialized nations, which results in the release of lead into the environment. Governmental agencies regulate the amount of lead permissible for workers to be exposed to; however, unregulated environmental lead exposure is a high concern. While essential metals have physiologic roles, there are no health benefits from lead intake. In this chapter, we discuss sources of lead exposure, the absorption, distribution, and elimination of lead from the human body, and molecular mechanisms of lead-induced toxicity...
April 10, 2017: Metal Ions in Life Sciences
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