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Worker health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155994/work-productivity-in-systemic-sclerosis-its-economic-burden-and-association-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
Kathleen Morrisroe, Vijaya Sudararajan, Wendy Stevens, Joanne Sahhar, Jane Zochling, Janet Roddy, Susanna Proudman, Mandana Nikpour
Objective: To evaluate work productivity and its economic burden in SSc patients. Methods: Consecutive SSc patients enrolled in the Australian Scleroderma Cohort Study were mailed questionnaires assessing employment (Workers' Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire and a custom-made questionnaire) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (36-item Short Form Health Survey and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 29). Linear regression methods were used to determine factors associated with work productivity...
October 9, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155948/predictors-of-fatigue-and-work-ability-in-cancer-survivors
#2
P van Muijen, S F A Duijts, K Bonefaas-Groenewoud, A J van der Beek, J R Anema
Background: Workers diagnosed with cancer are at risk for job loss or work disability. Aims: To determine predictors of fatigue and work ability at 36 months after diagnosis in a population of cancer survivors. Methods: Individuals diagnosed with cancer and who applied for work disability benefit at 24 months of sick leave were surveyed at the time of application and again 12 months later. Fatigue was measured using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness-Fatigue scale questionnaire and work ability was measured using the work ability index...
November 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155902/correction-to-mental-health-training-for-primary-health-care-workers-and-implication-for-success-of-integration-of-mental-health-into-primary-care-evaluation-of-effect-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-kap
#3
Getinet Ayano, Dawit Assefa, Kibrom Haile, Asrat Chaka, Kelemua Haile, Melat Solomon, Kalkidan Yohannis, Akilew Awoke Adane, Kemal Jemal
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13033-017-0169-8.].
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155891/the-burden-of-gynecomastia-among-men-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-zomba-malawi
#4
Victor Singano, Alemayehu Amberbir, Daniela Garone, Christopher Kandionamaso, Jack Msonko, Monique van Lettow, Kondwani Kalima, Yamikani Mataka, Gift Kawalazira, Gabriel Mateyu, Aunex Kwekwesa, Alfred Matengeni, Joep J van Oosterhout
BACKGROUND: Many Africans who are on life-saving ART face challenges from a variety of toxicities. After the introduction of a standardized first-line efavirenz-containing ART regimen, reports of gynecomastia appeared in Malawian popular media, however data on the prevalence and risk factors of gynecomastia from Africa are lacking. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in males ≥18 years registered on ART at the HIV clinic in Zomba Central Hospital. Men who reported to have ever experienced breast or nipple enlargement received a standard questionnaire and underwent physical examination...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155821/progress-towards-a-leprosy-free-country-the-experience-of-oman
#5
Salah T Al Awaidy
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) released the Global Leprosy Strategy 2016-2020 towards a leprosy-free world. The author described the progress made towards the elimination of leprosy and suggested recommendations for the acceleration towards a Leprosy-free country according to WHO laid out criterion. METHODOLOGY: Case record review of Leprosy patients managed between the years 1992 to 2015 were registered and analyzed. Data were collected from annual reports of the Ministry of Health including demographics, classification of leprosy new cases, relapse, childhood, grades of disability (GD) and multidrug therapy (MDT) completion rates...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155675/enhancing-workforce-capacity-to-improve-vaccination-data-quality-uganda
#6
Kirsten Ward, Kevin Mugenyi, Amalia Benke, Henry Luzze, Carol Kyozira, Ampeire Immaculate, Patricia Tanifum, Annet Kisakye, Peter Bloland, Adam MacNeil
In Uganda, vaccine dose administration data are often not available or are of insufficient quality to optimally plan, monitor, and evaluate program performance. A collaboration of partners aimed to address these key issues by deploying data improvement teams (DITs) to improve data collection, management, analysis, and use in district health offices and health facilities. During November 2014-September 2016, DITs visited all districts and 89% of health facilities in Uganda. DITs identified gaps in awareness and processes, assessed accuracy of data, and provided on-the-job training to strengthen systems and improve healthcare workers' knowledge and skills in data quality...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154748/cdc-safety-training-course-for-ebola-virus-disease-healthcare-workers
#7
Rupa Narra, Jeremy Sobel, Catherine Piper, Deborah Gould, Nahid Bhadelia, Mary Dott, Anthony Fiore, William A Fischer, Mary Jo Frawley, Patricia M Griffin, Douglas Hamilton, Barbara Mahon, Satish K Pillai, Emily F Veltus, Robert Tauxe, Michael Jhung
Response to sudden epidemic infectious disease emergencies can demand intensive and specialized training, as demonstrated in 2014 when Ebola virus disease (EVD) rapidly spread throughout West Africa. The medical community quickly became overwhelmed because of limited staff, supplies, and Ebola treatment units (ETUs). Because a mechanism to rapidly increase trained healthcare workers was needed, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed and implemented an introductory EVD safety training course to prepare US healthcare workers to work in West Africa ETUs...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154510/occupational-health-survey-of-cosmetologists-in-minnesota
#8
Kathleen G Norlien, Adrienne Landsteiner, Angeline Carlson
Cosmetologists face a variety of occupational health and safety challenges. To gather information on respiratory issues related to work as a cosmetologist, licensed cosmetologists were invited by e-mail to participate in a short online survey. The survey collected demographic data, work history, respiratory symptoms, product usage, and health and safety training. Results revealed that while 57% of cosmetologists reported having received training on customer or consumer safety, only 10.5% had received training on worker health such as work-related asthma and/or breathing issues...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154306/primary-problems-associated-with-the-health-and-welfare-of-employees-observed-when-implementing-lean-manufacturing-projects
#9
Izabela Simon Rampasso, Rosley Anholon, Osvaldo Luiz Gonçalves Quelhas, Walter Leal Filho
BACKGROUND: Lean philosophy is used by companies to increase productivity and reduce costs. Although uncontested benefits are created, it is necessary to highlight the problems related to employees' health and welfare caused by implementing lean manufacturing projects. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this paper is to review the literature and identify the most relevant problems created by lean philosophy for employees. METHODS: Research about the theme was performed on many international databases over three months, and an initial sample of 77 papers was found...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154262/review-of-scapular-movement-disorders-among-office-workers-having-ergonomic-risk
#10
Ö Depreli, E Angın
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are the most common health problems which affect millions of office workers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine scapular positioning at rest and different anatomical planes, the assessment of pain, postural changes and the functionality of upper extremity that is caused by the lack of ergonomic principles among office workers of civil servants in TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). METHODS: One hundred and eighty-three individuals participated in the study and 2 groups were created by grand scores of Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) tool...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154166/sickness-absence-indicating-depressive-symptoms-of-working-population-in-south-korea
#11
Cheolmin Shin, Young-Hoon Ko, Seoyoung Yoon, Sang Won Jeon, Chi-Un Pae, Yong-Ku Kim, Ashwin A Patkar, Changsu Han
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence has been regarded as an important indicator of workers' health and work productivity. This study is aimed to evaluate the association between depressive symptoms and sickness absence in workers of South Korea. METHODS: We used nationwide cross-sectional survey data from 2889 individuals in the working population aged over 19 years in South Korea. Depressive symptoms were measured using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Those respondents who scored above 10 on PHQ-9 were regarded as having depressive symptoms...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154065/does-nurses-role-health-or-symptoms-influence-their-personal-use-of-ingestible-complementary-and-alternative-medicines
#12
Sofia Dimitrelis, Lin Perry, Robyn Gallagher, Christine Duffield, David Sibbritt, Rachel Nicholls, Xiaoyue Xu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of work-related characteristics, health, health behaviours and symptoms on ingestible biologically-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use within the Australian nursing and midwifery workforce. BACKGROUND: CAM use is widespread worldwide, but there is little research into nurses' and midwives' personal use of ingestible CAM in Australia. METHODS: An online survey in 2014-15 used validated instruments and items to examine use of ingestible biologically-based CAM (herbs, foods and vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes and other supplements), and the health and work-related characteristics of 5041 nurses and midwives recruited through the New South Wales Nurses and Midwives Association and professional networks...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153557/cardiovascular-risk-and-obesity-in-sleep-apnea-syndrome-assessed-with-the-stop-bang-questionnaire
#13
María Teófila Vicente-Herrero, Luisa Capdevila García, María Del Carmen Bellido Cambrón, María Victoria Ramírez Iñiguez de la Torre, Silvia Lladosa Marco
INTRODUCTION: Sleep disorders include a number of different processes, of which the most prevalent is the sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). Prevalence of SAHS has increased worldwide, and has a significant social and health impact because of the increased cardiometabolic risk attributed to obesity and the associated metabolic syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional epidemiological study of 1110 workers from public service companies in the Spanish Mediterranean area (Balearic Islands and Valencian Community) was conducted between January and December 2015...
November 15, 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153266/ebola-virus-disease-an-update-on-post-exposure-prophylaxis
#14
REVIEW
William A Fischer, Pauline Vetter, Daniel G Bausch, Timothy Burgess, Richard T Davey, Robert Fowler, Frederick G Hayden, Peter B Jahrling, Andre C Kalil, Douglas L Mayers, Aneesh K Mehta, Timothy M Uyeki, Michael Jacobs
The massive outbreak of Ebola virus disease in west Africa between 2013 and 2016 resulted in intense efforts to evaluate the efficacy of several specific countermeasures developed through years of preclinical work, including the first clinical trials for therapeutics and vaccines. In this Review, we discuss how the experience and data generated from that outbreak have helped to advance the understanding of the use of these countermeasures for post-exposure prophylaxis against Ebola virus infection. In future outbreaks, post-exposure prophylaxis could play an important part in reducing community transmission of Ebola virus by providing more immediate protection than does immunisation as well as providing additional protection for health-care workers who are inadvertently exposed over the course of their work...
November 15, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153172/a-100-year-review-metabolic-health-indicators-and-management-of-dairy-cattle
#15
T R Overton, J A A McArt, D V Nydam
Our aim in this Journal of Dairy Science centennial review is to describe the evolution of focus on metabolic indicators, from discovery and description to evaluation at the individual cow and subsequently herd levels, over the past 100 yr. Furthermore, we discuss current and future technologies that will be used in the dairy industry to utilize these indicators widely going forward. Knowledge of chemical changes in various fluids (e.g., blood, urine, and milk) accompanying numerous metabolic disease states in the dairy cow has existed since almost the beginning of the Journal of Dairy Science 100 yr ago...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153166/a-100-year-review-practical-female-reproductive-management
#16
J S Stevenson, J H Britt
Basic knowledge of mechanisms controlling reproductive processes in mammals was limited in the early 20th century. Discoveries of physiologic processes and mechanisms made early in the last century laid the foundation to develop technologies and programs used today to manage and control reproduction in dairy cattle. Beyond advances made in understanding of gonadotropic support and control of ovarian and uterine functions in basic reproductive biology, advancements made in artificial insemination (AI) and genetics facilitated rapid genetic progress of economically important traits in dairy cattle...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153037/-contract-to-volunteer-south-african-community-health-worker-mobilization-for-better-labor-protection
#17
Zara Trafford, Alison Swartz, Christopher J Colvin
In this paper, we explore the increasing activity around labor rights for South African community health workers (CHWs). Contextualizing this activity within broader policy and legal developments, we track the emergence of sporadic mobilizations for decent work (supported by local health activist organizations) and subsequently, the formation of a CHW union. The National Union of Care Workers of South Africa (NUCWOSA) was inaugurated in 2016, hoping to secure formal and secure employment through government and the consequent labor and occupational health protections...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152966/the-knowledge-and-high-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-a-in-a-high-risk-group-agricultural-reproductive-aged-women-in-the-southeastern-region-of-turkey
#18
Nebiye Yentür Doni, Zeynep Şimşek, Gülcan Gürses, Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Muhsin Akbaba
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of antihepatitis A virus (HAV), risk factors, and the knowledge of female farm workers living in the Southeastern Anatolia Region (SAR) of Turkey. Materials and methods: This representative cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and April of 2013 in the SAR. A total of 705 reproductive-aged women were randomly selected by clustering method using Epi Info software. The sera were analyzed for anti-HAV antibodies using ELISA...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152815/harder-better-faster-%C3%A2-yet-stronger-working-conditions-and-self-declaration-of-chronic-diseases
#19
Éric Defebvre
The role played by working conditions in worker health status has been widely acknowledged in the literature in general but has received less attention in economics, due to the inherent statistical biases and lack of data available to determine the role of simultaneous and chronic exposures. This study aims to estimate the causal impact of detrimental working conditions on the self-declaration of chronic diseases in France. Using a rebuilt retrospective lifelong panel and defining indicators for physical and psychosocial strains, I implement a mixed econometric strategy that relies on difference-in-differences and matching methods to take into account for selection biases as well as unobserved heterogeneity...
November 20, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152784/workplace-violence-injury-in-106-us-hospitals-participating-in-the-occupational-health-safety-network-ohsn-2012-2015
#20
Matthew R Groenewold, Raymond F R Sarmiento, Kelly Vanoli, William Raudabaugh, Susan Nowlin, Ahmed Gomaa
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a substantial occupational hazard for healthcare workers in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed workplace violence injury surveillance data submitted by hospitals participating in the Occupational Health Safety Network (OHSN) from 2012 to 2015. RESULTS: Data were frequently missing for several important variables. Nursing assistants (14.89, 95%CI 10.12-21.91) and nurses (8.05, 95%CI 6.14-10.55) had the highest crude workplace violence injury rates per 1000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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