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Worker health

Alyne Leite Gomes Nogueira, Denize Bouttelet Munari, Cinira Magali Fortuna, Leidiene Ferreira Santos
Objective: to analyze the aspects that potentialize groups in Primary Health Care according to their coordinators and participants. Method: This is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach, conducted with a health promotion group affiliated with a Family Health Unit. The data were collected by means of focus groups with participants and community workers who were submitted to thematic content analysis. Results: the analysis gave rise to three thematic categories: The group is our medicine; Healthy living and learning; and Priceless leadership...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Daniela Inês Thier Roloff, Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Liana Lautert, Cynthia Fontella Sant'Anna, Andréia Martins do Couto
Objective: to analyze the relationship of occupational health nurses with the other members of the Specialized Service in Safety Engineering and Occupational Medicine (SESMT) and characterize joint actions of these professionals in occupational health. Method: qualitative, exploratory, and descriptive study with 34 professionals of seven companies from the South Macroregion of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Interviews and observations were conducted for content analysis of Bardin...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Cintia Koerich, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann
Objective: to understand significances attributed by nurses who manage nursing care to the individual affected by cardiovascular disease to relations, interactions and associations of the educational practices in a cardiovascular reference hospital. To elaborate a theoretical explanatory model based on significances attributed in the light of the complex thinking. Method: qualitative study, which used Theory Based on Data (TBD) as methodological reference. Twenty-two professionals of nursing participated in the study...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Álvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Artur Acelino Francisco Luz Nunes Queiroz, Layze Braz de Oliveira, Maria Eliete Batista Moura, Odinéa Maria Amorim Batista, Denise de Andrade
Objective: to understand the biosecurity social representations by primary care nursing professionals and analyze how they articulate with quality of care. Methods: exploratory and qualitative research based on social representation theory. The study participants were 36 nursing workers from primary health care in a state capital in the Northeast region of Brazil. The data were analyzed by descending hierarchical classification. Results: five classes were obtained: occupational accidents suffered by professionals; occupational exposure to biological agents; biosecurity management in primary health care; the importance of personal protective equipment; and infection control and biosecurity...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Carmela Rinaldi, Fabrizio Leigheb, Angelo Di Dio, Kris Vanhaecht, Chiara Donnarumma, Massimiliano Panella
A second victim has been defined as "a healthcare worker involved in an unanticipated adverse patient event, medical error and/or a patient related-injury who becomes victimized in the sense that the worker is traumatized by the event". The aim of the present research study was to assess the "second victim" phenomenon in Italy. Fifty interviews were conducted with different health care professionals previously involved in medical errors. All study participants clearly remembered the event. Support obtained by second victims was poor and inefficient...
July 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Rosario Mete
In the Lazio Region (Italy), health districts were established with Regional Law n. 18 of 1994. In the absence of specific regional recommendations, this was done by taking into account local situations and the needs of individual local health authorities, resulting in a network of markedly heterogeneous health districts. This serious situation has never been dealt with in a concrete manner and no measures have been undertaken over the years to correct it. The Regional Association of healthcare directors, managers and workers, established in 2001, has performed a number of studies to compare corporate acts and healthcare services provided by individual health units; these have confirmed the existence of varied organizational structures...
July 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Michelle M Fleig-Palmer, Cheryl Rathert, Tracy H Porter
BACKGROUND: In health care organizations, trust is critical for effective workplace relationships that ensure patient-centered outcomes. Although research has focused on trust in the relationship between patients and clinicians, less is known about what influences workers to trust their managers. An understanding is needed of the specific behaviors that influence health care workers' evaluations of their managers' trustworthiness. Mentoring research focuses on the developmental assistance that a more experienced worker provides to a less experienced worker...
October 25, 2016: Health Care Management Review
Andrew Watterson
The inter-relationship between safety, health and the 'environment' is a complex and at times a relatively neglected topic. In this issue, 'safety' is often viewed by contributors as 'health and safety' and includes occupationally-related ill health as well as injury or harm to employees and the wider public. 'Environment' is also interpreted in the widest sense covering both physical and work environments with upstream work hazards presenting risks to downstream communities. The focus is very much on exploring and where possible addressing the challenges, some old and some facing workers in a range of public and private settings and also at times their nearby communities...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Justin Arcaro, Carolyn Summerhurst, Evelyn Vingilis, Michael Wammes, Elizabeth Osuch
This study examined presenting concerns and characteristics of emerging adults (EAs) seeking treatment at an early intervention program for mood and anxiety disorders to better understand presenting concerns when treatment is needed. During an intake assessment conducted by a social worker or clinical psychologist, participants (N = 548; 62% female, 38% male) reported their top three current life concerns, which were analyzed qualitatively using thematic analysis. Participants completed a battery of questionnaires assessing demographic information, symptomatology, and daily functioning...
October 26, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Xiaoke Zeng, Aaron M Kociolek, Muhammad Idrees Khan, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath, Catherine Trask
Whole body vibration is a significant physical risk factor associated with low back pain. This study assessed farmers' exposure to whole body vibration on the Canadian Prairies according to ISO 2631-1. Eighty-seven vibration measurements were collected with a triaxial accelerometer embedded in a rubber seat pad at the operator-seat interface of agricultural machinery, including tractors, combines, pickup trucks, grain trucks, sprayers, swathers, all-terrain vehicles, and skid steers. Whole body vibration was highest in the vertical axis, with a mean (range) frequency-weighted root mean squared acceleration of 0...
October 26, 2016: Ergonomics
Paula Ribeiro Prist, Maria Uriarte, Leandro Reverberi Tambosi, Amanda Prado, Renata Pardini, Paulo Sérgio D Andrea, Jean Paul Metzger
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a disease caused by Hantavirus, which are negative-sense RNA viruses in the family Bunyaviridae that are highly virulent to humans. Numerous factors modify risk of Hantavirus transmission and consequent HPS risk. Human-driven landscape change can foster transmission risk by increasing numbers of habitat generalist rodent species that serve as the principal reservoir host. Climate can also affect rodent population dynamics and Hantavirus survival, and a number of social factors can influence probability of HPS transmission to humans...
2016: PloS One
John Howard
Arrangements between those who perform work and those who provide jobs come in many different forms. Standard work arrangements now exist alongside several nonstandard arrangements: agency work, contract work, and gig work. While standard work arrangements are still the most prevalent types, the rise of nonstandard work arrangements, especially temporary agency, contract, and "gig" arrangements, and the potential effects of these new arrangements on worker health and safety have captured the attention of government, business, labor, and academia...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
John C Flunker, Jessica Miller Clouser, David Mannino, Jennifer Swanberg
BACKGROUND: Latino thoroughbred workers may be at risk for developing abnormal pulmonary function related to occupational exposures. METHODS: Eighty worker participants were recruited via community-based purposive sampling. Questionnaires and spirometry tests were administered by trained lay health promoters. Demographic and occupational factors were assessed for associations with respiratory outcomes via multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of participants exhibited abnormal pulmonary function (primarily restrictive), 79% reported any respiratory symptoms, and 94% infrequently used dust masks...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Teresa Rincón-Del Toro, Adela Villanueva-Guerra, Ricardo Rodríguez-Barrientos, Elena Polentinos-Castro, Mª José Torijano-Castillo, Emilia de Castro-Monteiro, Blanca Escrivá de Romaní de Gregorio, Margarita Barba Calderón, María Soledad de Frías Redondo, Nury Alejo Brú, Concepción Blanco Morales, Margarita Vázquez Pinilla, Cristina Besora Altés, Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Juan Ángel Infantes Rodríguez, Pilar Bustamante Fernández, Victorina de Blas Salvador
OBJECTIVE: The number of aggressions towards health care professionals has risen over the past few years. There are no previous studies in primary care covering an entire region and to all professional categories. The aim of this study was to characterize aggressions in Primary Care in the Community of Madrid. METHODS: Multicenter cross-sectional study. Analysis of a Registration System that reports any type of aggression suffered by Primary Care workers, in the Community of Madrid...
October 25, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
(no author information available yet)
The German Committee on Indoor Guide Values issues indoor air guide values to protect public health. For health evaluation of inhaled toluene a number of valid studies in humans is available. Toluene is a neurotoxic substance and the guide values are based on deficits in neurobehavioural tests observed at workers with chronic exposure of 337 mg toluene/m³. For the derivation of guide values the assumed continuous exposure is considered by a factor of 4.2, the interindividual variability by a factor of 10 and the elevated respiratory rate in children as compared to adults by a factor of 2...
November 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Enas Mamdouh Hefzy, Ahmed Ashraf Wegdan, Radwa Ahmed Elhefny, Samar Hassan Nasser
Aim: Latent tuberculosis infections (LTBI) contain a significant reservoir for future epidemics. Screening of health care workers (HCWs) in a high-risk tuberculosis (TB) environment is an important strategy in TB control. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of LTBI among high risk Egyptian HCWs and to assess infection associated risk factors. Methods: Fifty-two HCWs who work at intensive care unit (ICU), bronchoscopy unit, and chest diseases department were tested for LTBI using both tuberculin skin test (TST) and Quantiferon TB Gold in-tube test (QFT)...
2016: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
Yunjeong Heo, Hosun Chun, Seonghoon Kang, Wonjin Lee, Taewon Jang, Jongtae Park
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of medical radiologic procedures, wearing proper protector should be emphasized to reduce occupational radiation exposures. This research describes the rates of lead apron wearing for radiation protection and assessed occupational factors related to wearing rates for various types of healthcare professionals. METHODS: We conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey through a website, on-site visits, fax, and mail. Of the 13,489 participants, 8858 workers who could not completely separate themselves from radiological procedure areas...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Margaret O'Donoghue, Suk-Hing Ng, Lorna Kp Suen, Maureen Boost
BACKGROUND: Whilst numerous studies have investigated nurses' compliance with hand hygiene and use of alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR), limited attention has been paid to these issues in allied health staff. Reports have linked infections to breaches in infection control in the radiography unit (RU). With advances in medical imaging, a higher proportion of patients come into contact with RU staff increasing the need for good hand hygiene compliance. This study aimed to evaluate effectiveness on compliance of an intervention to improve awareness of hand hygiene in the RU of a district hospital...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Silke Schelenz, Ferry Hagen, Johanna L Rhodes, Alireza Abdolrasouli, Anuradha Chowdhary, Anne Hall, Lisa Ryan, Joanne Shackleton, Richard Trimlett, Jacques F Meis, Darius Armstrong-James, Matthew C Fisher
BACKGROUND: Candida auris is a globally emerging multidrug resistant fungal pathogen causing nosocomial transmission. We report an ongoing outbreak of C. auris in a London cardio-thoracic center between April 2015 and July 2016. This is the first report of C. auris in Europe and the largest outbreak so far. We describe the identification, investigation and implementation of control measures. METHODS: Data on C. auris case demographics, environmental screening, implementation of infection prevention/control measures, and antifungal susceptibility of patient isolates were prospectively recorded then analysed retrospectively...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Yiannis Kyratsis, Michiyo Iwami, Timothy M Rawson, Alison H Holmes
BACKGROUND: The uptake of improvement initiatives in infection prevention and control (IPC) has often proven challenging. Innovative interventions such as 'serious games' have been proposed in other areas to educate and help clinicians adopt optimal behaviours. There is limited evidence about the application and evaluation of serious games in IPC. The purposes of the study were: a) to synthesise research evidence on the use of serious games in IPC to support healthcare workers' behaviour change and best practice learning; and b) to identify gaps across the formulation and evaluation of serious games in IPC...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
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