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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668132/-shtlv-i-ii-seroprevalence-in-blood-donors-of-hospital-pablo-tob%C3%A3-n-uribe-blood-bank-during-the-period-2014-2015
#1
Manuela Muñoz, Santiago Carvalho, Jorge Hernando Donado, Gloria Eugenia Barco, Sergio Jaramillo
INTRODUCTION: The human-T cell lymphotropic virus is a retrovirus with various types known so far. HTLV-I and HTLV-II are of clinically importance as they cause different diseases such as adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, tropical spastic paraparesis, and human T-lymphotropic virus type I-associated myelopathy (HAM). OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of presumptive and confirmatory reactivity to HTLV-I/II in blood donors of Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe Blood Bank between 2014 and 2015...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668078/adherence-and-immune-response-to-revaccination-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-at-a-pediatric-onco-hematology-reference-center
#2
Fernanda Gouveia-Alves, Roseane Gouveia, Valéria C Ginani, Adriana Seber, Danielle A Kuramoto, Gabriel F A Murad, Fernanda G Spina, Antonio S Petrilli, Victor G Zecchin, Celso Granato, Fabianne Carlesse, M Isabel de Moraes-Pinto
BACKGROUND: Revaccination after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is necessary to compensate for the loss of immunological memory. The aims of this study were to evaluate the adherence to revaccination schedule and the humoral immune response to different vaccine antigens in HSCT pediatric and young adult patients. METHODS: Patients submitted to HSCT for over 3 years were recruited. After written informed consent, a questionnaire was filled in, the vaccination card was analyzed, a blood sample was collected and tested by ELISA for diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), hepatitis A, hepatitis B, tetanus, measles, rubella and varicella antibodies...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668063/beyond-migration-chemokines-in-lymphocyte-priming-differentiation-and-modulating-effector-functions
#3
REVIEW
Julia M Laufer, Daniel F Legler
Chemokines and their receptors coordinate the positioning of leukocytes, and lymphocytes in particular, in space and time. Discrete lymphocyte subsets, depending on their activation and differentiation status, express various sets of chemokine receptors to be recruited to distinct tissues. Thus, the network of chemokines and their receptors ensures the correct localization of specialized lymphocyte subsets within the appropriate microenvironment enabling them to search for cognate antigens, to become activated, and to fulfill their effector functions...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667749/effect-of-lysm-macrophage-depletion-on-lung-pathology-in-mice-with-chronic-bronchitis
#4
Yogesh Saini, Brandon W Lewis, Dongfang Yu, Hong Dang, Alessandra Livraghi-Butrico, Fabio Del Piero, Wanda K O'Neal, Richard C Boucher
Macrophages (MΦ) are key sentinels of respiratory exposure to inhaled environmental stimuli. In normal "healthy" tissues, MΦ are believed to be a dormant cell type that, upon exposure to stress-causing stimuli, may get activated to exhibit pro- or anti-inflammatory roles. To test whether stress present in chronic bronchitic (CB) airways triggers MΦ to manifest protective or detrimental responses, the DTA+ (LysM-regulated Diphtheria Toxin A expressing) strain with partial MΦ-deficiency was crossed with the Scnn1b-Tg mouse model of CB and the progenies were studied at 4-5 weeks of age...
April 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667726/interventions-for-infantile-haemangiomas-of-the-skin
#5
REVIEW
Monica Novoa, Eulalia Baselga, Sandra Beltran, Lucia Giraldo, Ali Shahbaz, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas (previously known as strawberry birthmarks) are soft, raised swellings of the skin that occur in 3% to 10% of infants. These benign vascular tumours are usually uncomplicated and tend to regress spontaneously. However, when haemangiomas occur in high-risk areas, such as near the eyes, throat, or nose, impairing their function, or when complications develop, intervention may be necessary. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2011...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667694/a-grounded-theory-investigation-into-sophomore-students-recall-of-depression-during-their-freshman-year-in-college-a-pilot-study
#6
Julie M Brandy, Theresa A Kessler, Christina H Grabarek
Using a grounded theory approach, the current descriptive qualitative design was conducted with sophomore students to understand the meaning participants gave their freshman experiences with depression. Twelve participants were recruited using scripted class announcements across campus. After informed consent, interviews began with the question: What was the experience of your freshman year in college? All interviews were completed with the primary investigator and transcribed verbatim. Interviews were analyzed using constant comparative methodology...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667525/the-association-between-bronchial-asthma-and-periodontitis-a-case-control-study-in-jordan
#7
Basheer Khassawneha, Rola Alhabashnehb, Fadi Ibrahimc
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to study the association between bronchial asthma (BA) and periodontitis in northern Jordan. METHODS: A case-control study of 260 subjects; 130 with BA and 130 without BA (controls) were recruited from pulmonary clinics at a university hospital in northern Jordan. BA was physician diagnosed and on anti-asthma medications for ≥12 months. Periodontitis was defined as the presence of ≥ 4 teeth with ≥ 1 site with probing pocket depth (PPD) ≥ 4 mm and clinical attachment level (CAL) ≥ 3 mm...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667519/an-investigation-of-factors-affecting-the-performance-of-wheelchair-transfers
#8
Giulia Barbareschi, Catherine Holloway
PURPOSE: Being able to transfer in and out of their wheelchair is an important task for wheelchair users that can be affected by a variety of different factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the interplay between personal characteristics, wheelchair users' transferring technique and the other factors that can affect the performance of wheelchair transfers. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey study was designed to recruit wheelchair users, aged 18 or older, performing sitting-pivot or standing-pivot wheelchair transfers, independently or with assistance...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667517/salt-intake-of-lactating-women-as-assessed-by-modified-food-weighted-records
#9
Lijun Duan, Wendi Liu, Peng Zhang, Shiyan Liu, Xiaotong Liu, Maocheng Sang, Lu Liu, Haiyue Lin, Zhongna Sang
OBJECTIVE: High salt intake among lactating women can increase the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in infants/offspring. However, considering the limited salt intake data in lactating women, the aims of this study were to compare the salt intake assessed by modified food weighted records (FWR) with that estimated by 24-h urinary sodium excretion and to investigate the salt intake of lactating women. METHODS: In total, 30 lactating women aged 20-39 years who were 2 to 4 months postpartum were recruited from the cities of Tianjin and Luoyang in China...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667469/maxillary-arch-dimensions-associated-with-acoustic-parameters-in-prepubertal-children
#10
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Mohannad Khandakji, Anthony Tannous Macari
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between maxillary arch dimensions and fundamental frequency and formants of voice in prepubertal subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five consecutive prepubertal patients seeking orthodontic treatment were recruited (mean age = 11.41 ± 1.46 years; range, 8 to 13.7 years). Participants with a history of respiratory infection, laryngeal manipulation, dysphonia, congenital facial malformations, or history of orthodontic treatment were excluded...
April 18, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667383/knowledge-of-cardiovascular-disease-cvd-risk-factors-in-population-of-ma%C3%A5-opolska-voivodeship-in-two-independent-cross-sectional-studies
#11
Anna Waśniowska, Grzegorz Kopeć, Krystyna Szafraniec, Magdalena Kozela, Agnieszka Sarnecka, Klaudia Knap, Andrzej Pająk, Piotr Podolec
INTRODUCTION: Low level of knowledge of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is related to higher risk of death and health educational programs are of particular importance in CVD prevention. Monitoring the level of knowledge of CVD risk factors is necessary to verify the effectiveness of education and to facilitate the right choice of education methods. AIM: to compare the assessment of knowledge of CVD risk factors in the population of Małopolska Voivodeship from the two independent cross-sectional studies...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667367/how-to-use-prior-knowledge-and-still-give-new-data-a-chance
#12
Kristina Weber, Rob Hemmings, Armin Koch
A common challenge for the development of drugs in rare diseases and special populations, eg, paediatrics, is the small numbers of patients that can be recruited into clinical trials. Extrapolation can be used to support development and licensing in paediatrics through the structured integration of available data in adults and prospectively generated data in paediatrics to derive conclusions that support licensing decisions in the target paediatric population. In this context, Bayesian analyses have been proposed to obtain formal proof of efficacy of a new drug or therapeutic principle by using additional information (data, opinion, or expectation), expressed through a prior distribution...
April 17, 2018: Pharmaceutical Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667327/novel-west-syndrome-candidate-genes-in-a-chinese-cohort
#13
Jing Peng, Ying Wang, Fang He, Chen Chen, Li-Wen Wu, Li-Fen Yang, Yu-Ping Ma, Wen Zhang, Zi-Qing Shi, Chao Chen, Kun Xia, Hui Guo, Fei Yin, Nan Pang
AIMS: West syndrome (WS) is a classic form of early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE) characterized by tonic spasms with clustering, arrest of psychomotor development, and hypsarrhythmia on electroencephalography. Genetic defects play a critical role in the pathology of WS, and 54 EIEE genes have been identified till date. This study was designed to uncover new candidate genes for West syndrome. METHODS: In this study, we recruited 56 Chinese families with WS of unknown etiology...
April 17, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667315/shoulder-stiffness-back-pain-and-wrist-pain-are-older-primiparas-more-vulnerable
#14
Hiroko Iwata, Emi Mori, Kunie Maehara, Akiko Sakajo, Kyoko Aoki, Koji Tamakoshi
AIM: To describe changes in prevalence of shoulder stiffness, back pain, and wrist pain during the first 6 months postpartum, and to examine the association of these symptoms with maternal age and parity. METHODS: Participants were recruited from 13 Japanese hospitals between 2012 and 2013. A total of 2709 (response rate 71.9%) women provided longitudinal data, using self-report questionnaires at 5 time points: during their hospital stay, and at 1, 2, 4, and 6 months postpartum...
April 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667311/how-japanese-nurses-participate-in-decision-making-infants-with-congenital-life-threatening-conditions
#15
Sohei Shitaya, Nobue Nakamura, Naho Sato
BACKGROUND: In Japan, owing to the progress in medical technology, more children with congenital life-threatening conditions survive than ever before. Nurses who care for these children may also influence decision making in difficult situations. AIM: We aimed to describe Japanese nurses' approach toward medical decision making when caring for families of infants with congenital life-threatening conditions. Frequently, these nurses must care for and support parents with ambivalent feelings...
April 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667289/endosomal-receptor-trafficking-retromer-and-beyond
#16
REVIEW
Jing Wang, Alina Fedoseienko, Bayou Chen, Ezra Burstein, Da Jia, Daniel D Billadeau
The tubular endolysosomal network is a quality control system that ensures the proper delivery of internalized receptors to specific subcellular destinations in order to maintain cellular homeostasis. Although retromer was originally described in yeast as a regulator of endosome-to-Golgi receptor recycling, mammalian retromer has emerged as a central player in endosome-to-plasma membrane recycling of a variety of receptors. Over the past decade, information regarding the mechanism by which retromer facilitates receptor trafficking has emerged, as has the identification of numerous retromer-associated molecules including the WASH complex, sorting nexins and TBC1d5...
April 18, 2018: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667260/tai-chi-improves-brain-metabolism-and-muscle-energetics-in-older-adults
#17
Min Zhou, Huijun Liao, Lasya P Sreepada, Joshua R Ladner, James A Balschi, Alexander P Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tai Chi is a mind-body exercise that has been shown to improve both mental and physical health. As a result, recent literature suggests the use of Tai Chi to treat both physical and psychological disorders. However, the underlying physiological changes have not been characterized. The aim of this pilot study is to assess the changes in brain metabolites and muscle energetics after Tai Chi training in an aging population using a combined brain-muscle magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) examination...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667190/age-related-changes-in-late-i-waves-influence-motor-cortex-plasticity-induction-in-older-adults
#18
George M Opie, John Cirillo, John G Semmler
KEYPOINTS SUMMARY: The response to neuroplasticity interventions using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is reduced in older adults, which may be due, in part, to age-related alterations in interneuronal (I-wave) circuitry. The current study investigated age-related changes in interneuronal characteristics and whether they influence motor cortical plasticity in older adults. While I-wave recruitment was unaffected by age, there was a shift in the temporal characteristics of the late, but not early I-waves...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667054/connecting-gastrointestinal-cancer-risk-to-cadmium-and-lead-exposure-in-the-chaoshan-population-of-southeast-china
#19
Xueqiong Lin, Lin Peng, Xijin Xu, Yanrong Chen, Yuling Zhang, Xia Huo
Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) pose a serious threat to human health because of its carcinogenicity. China ranks first according to the Global Cancer Report for 2014 in newly diagnosed gastrointestinal cancers and cancer deaths. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of Cd and Pb burden with the risk of gastrointestinal cancers in a hospital-based case-control study from southern regions of China, Chaoshan area. A total of 279 hospitalized patients were recruited in this study, of which 167 were gastrointestinal cancer cases (70 esophageal cancer, 51 gastric cancer, and 46 colorectal cancer), and 112 controls were recruited from two hospitals in the Chaoshan area of southeast China...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667040/management-of-superficial-and-deep-seated-staphylococcus-aureus-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-staphnet-cohort
#20
Abraham Alabi, Theckla Kazimoto, Marthe Lebughe, Delfino Vubil, Patrick Phaku, Inacio Mandomando, Winfried V Kern, Salim Abdulla, Alexander Mellmann, Lena Peitzmann, Markus Bischoff, Georg Peters, Mathias Herrmann, Martin P Grobusch, Frieder Schaumburg, Siegbert Rieg
PURPOSE: The incidence of Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) is high in sub-Saharan Africa. This is fueled by a high prevalence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL), which can be associated with necrotizing disease. The aim was to describe the clinical presentation and the treatment of SSTI in the African setting and to identify challenges in the management. METHODS: Patients (n = 319) were recruited in DR Congo (n = 56, 17.6%), Gabon (n = 89, 27...
April 17, 2018: Infection
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