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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174860/ageism-and-suicide-prevention
#1
Diego de Leo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169534/race-ageism-and-the-slide-from-privileged-occupations
#2
George Wilson, Vincent J Roscigno
The sociological literature on workplace inequality has been relatively clear regarding racial disparities and ongoing vulnerabilities to contemporary structural and employer biases. We still know little, however, about the consequences of age and ageism for minority workers and susceptibilities to downward mobility. Coupling insights regarding race with recent work on employment-based age discrimination, we interrogate in this article African Americans and Whites, aged 55 and older, and the extent to which they experience job loss across time...
January 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165571/reducing-ageism-education-about-aging-and-extended-contact-with-older-adults
#3
Ashley Lytle, Sheri R Levy, Suzanne Meeks
Background and Objectives: Ageism is of increasing concern due to the growing older population worldwide and youth-centered focus of many societies. Research Design and Methods: The current investigation tested the PEACE (Positive Education about Aging and Contact Experiences) model for the first time. Two online experimental studies examined 2 key factors for reducing ageism: education about aging (providing accurate information about aging) and extended contact (knowledge of positive intergenerational contact) as well as their potential combined effect (education plus extended contact)...
November 19, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058935/perceived-age-discrimination-across-age-in-europe-from-an-ageing-society-to-a-society-for-all-ages
#4
Christopher Bratt, Dominic Abrams, Hannah J Swift, Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Sibila Marques
Ageism is recognized as a significant obstacle to older people's well-being, but age discrimination against younger people has attracted less attention. We investigate levels of perceived age discrimination across early to late adulthood, using data from the European Social Survey (ESS), collected in 29 countries (N = 56,272). We test for approximate measurement invariance across countries. We use local structural equation modeling as well as moderated nonlinear factor analysis to test for measurement invariance across age as a continuous variable...
October 23, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031280/factors-influencing-suicide-in-older-rural-males-a-review-of-australian-studies
#5
Kylie T Crnek-Georgeson, Leigh A Wilson, Andrew Page
INTRODUCTION: Suicide remains an important public health issue in Australia, responsible for around 2500 deaths each year. Although suicide only accounts for around 1.7% of total mortality in Australia per year, 75% of suicide deaths are in males. This article reviews the factors contributing to suicide in older rural males in Australia and then categorises the papers into themes for ease of explanation. Living with experiences of drought, dramatic weather change, lower employment opportunities, out-migration, changing family dynamics, ageism in the community, economic change and competitive labour markets, all add to the diverse experience for an older person who is ageing in a rural setting...
October 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990641/dignity-in-older-adults-with-schizophrenia-residing-in-assisted-living-facilities
#6
Darlene Robison, Gloria McInnis-Perry, Lori E Weeks, Vicki Foley
There is a lack of nursing literature on older adults' perceptions of dignity, specifically those of older adults with schizophrenia. With the aging population, mental health services and support for older adults with schizophrenia will become a greater priority. The purpose of the current descriptive phenomenological study was to describe the meaning of the lived experience of dignity for older adults with schizophrenia residing in assisted living facilities. A purposive sample of eight older adults with schizophrenia residing in assisted living facilities participated in semi-structured interviews following the descriptive phenomenological psychological method...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972839/prejudices-in-cultural-contexts-shared-stereotypes-gender-age-versus-variable-stereotypes-race-ethnicity-religion
#7
Susan T Fiske
Some prejudices share cross-cultural patterns, but others are more variable and culture specific. Those sharing cross-cultural patterns (sexism, ageism) each combine societal status differences and intimate interdependence. For example, in stereotypes of sex and age, lower status groups-women and elders-gain stereotypic warmth (from their cooperative interdependence) but lose stereotypic competence (from their lower status); men and middle-aged adults show the opposite trade-off, stereotypically more competent than warm...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960583/communication-of-healthcare-professionals-is-there-ageism
#8
S Schroyen, S Adam, M Marquet, G Jerusalem, S Thiel, A-L Giraudet, P Missotten
Elderspeak is often used when talking to older individuals and is characterised by a slower and/or louder speech, a patronising tone, etc. A part of the reason of such communication can be found in the actual context of negative view of ageing. However, the link between view of ageing and elderspeak has never been objectively studied in oncology. Therefore, 40 healthcare professionals (physicians and medical students) record a podcast where they have to explain an endocrine therapy to two fictional patients (40- vs...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938218/late-life-suicide-prevention-strategies-current-status-and-future-directions
#9
REVIEW
Kim Van Orden, Charlene Deming
Late life suicide prevention differs from suicide prevention for other age groups: first, the number of older adults worldwide is on the rise; second, late-life suicide receives much less attention in all societal spheres, from the media, to federal funding agencies, to healthcare initiatives. Recent findings indicate an association between internalized ageist stereotypes and reduced will to live. Recent research also addresses the role of cognitive control as a contributor to risk and as an intervention target (e...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934907/the-use-of-assistive-technologies-after-stroke-is-debunking-the-myths-about-the-elderly
#10
Marija Tomšič, Barbara Domajnko, Melita Zajc
Background Through the concept of ageism, we highlight and explain how the society prejudices the elderly. WHO classifies 12 most common stereotypes pertaining to old age. Elderly people are being excluded from social life due to their chronological age rather than any actual reduced physical and/or mental ability. Some of these stereotypes are directly related to the (un)willingness and the ability of the elderly to use technology in everyday life. Objectives The study presented in this article aims to explain the phenomenon of technology use among elderly people who had had a stroke...
September 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918819/the-promise-of-documentary-theatre-to-counter-ageism-in-age-friendly-communities
#11
Kathy Black, Valerie Barnes Lipscomb
This paper discusses an innovative theatre-arts collaboration that was created to provoke public discourse about aging in a community located in the Southeastern United States in which more than one-half of residents are age 50 or older. The development and execution of the documentary theatre production are explicated and the post-performance talk-backs with the audience are shared to illustrate how it facilitated insight and dialogue among its largely older audiences. Experience with this production suggests that academics can collaborate with professional artists to promote the subjective experience of aging as a positive appreciation of self...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804394/hard-and-soft-age-discrimination-the-dual-nature-of-workplace-discrimination
#12
Justyna Stypinska, Konrad Turek
The paper concentrates on the problem of age discrimination in the labour market and the way it can be conceptualised and measured in a multi-disciplinary way. The approach proposed here combines two understandings of age discrimination-a sociological and legal one, what allows for a fuller and expanded understanding of ageism in the workplace. At the heart of the study is a survey carried out in Poland with a sample of 1000 men and women aged 45-65 years. The study takes a deeper and innovative look into the issue of age discrimination in employment...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804393/ageism-among-physicians-nurses-and-social-workers-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#13
Aya Ben-Harush, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Israel Doron, Sara Alon, Arthur Leibovitz, Hava Golander, Yafa Haron, Liat Ayalon
This study investigated ageism among healthcare professionals in various therapeutic settings in Israel. Using a qualitative approach, the current study aimed to examine similarities and differences across healthcare disciplines. Three focus groups were conducted with physicians, nurses, and social workers. Data from each focus group were analyzed separately, and then commonalities and differences across the groups were evaluated. Three main themes relating to older adults emerged from the data. The first theme pertains to perceived difficulties that healthcare professionals experience in working with older adults and their family members; the second focuses on invisibility and discriminatory communication patterns; and the third theme relates to provision of inappropriate care to older adults...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804389/taking-a-closer-look-at-ageism-self-and-other-directed-ageist-attitudes-and-discrimination
#14
EDITORIAL
Liat Ayalon, Clemens Tesch-Römer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795587/experiences-of-ageism-and-the-mental-health-of-older-adults
#15
Anthony Lyons, Beatrice Alba, Wendy Heywood, Bianca Fileborn, Victor Minichiello, Catherine Barrett, Sharron Hinchliff, Sue Malta, Briony Dow
OBJECTIVES: This article examines relationships between experiences of ageism and four specific mental health outcomes among older Australian adults, including whether these relationships vary depending on age, gender, and sexual orientation. METHODS: A survey was conducted nationwide involving 2137 participants aged 60 years and older. Mental health variables included depressive symptoms, anxious symptoms, general stress, and positive mental health or flourishing...
August 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745574/age-discrimination-in-healthcare-institutions-perceived-by-seniors-and-students
#16
Beata Dobrowolska, Bernadeta Jędrzejkiewicz, Anna Pilewska-Kozak, Danuta Zarzycka, Barbara Ślusarska, Alina Deluga, Aneta Kościołek, Alvisa Palese
BACKGROUND: Old age-based discrimination is observed as the most tolerated prejudice in society and has also been witnessed in healthcare institutions. AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore age-based discrimination in healthcare institutions as perceived by seniors and students of Medicine and Nursing. RESEARCH DESIGN: A multi-method study design, by involving a triangulation design. Participants and research context: A purposeful sample of individuals aged 65+ (n = 80) and medical and nursing students (n = 100) in the eastern region of Poland...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736541/hallucinations-in-healthy-older-adults-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-perspectives-for-future-research
#17
REVIEW
Johanna C Badcock, Hedwige Dehon, Frank Larøi
KEY POINTS ➢ Studies suggest a substantial minority of healthy older adults have hallucinatory experiences, in line with existing evidence on hallucinations in other age groups, though it is still unclear if hallucination prevalence increases or declines with age in older cohorts.➢ Stigma attached to both hallucinations and ageing leads to considerable under-reporting of these experiences in healthy older adults and may negatively bias how professionals, family members, and the public respond.➢ Why and when hallucinations in healthy older adults remit, persist, or progress to other clinical disorders remains poorly understood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697768/identifying-inequitable-healthcare-in-older-people-systematic-review-of-current-research-practice
#18
REVIEW
Sarah M Salway, Nick Payne, Melanie Rimmer, Stefanie Buckner, Hannah Jordan, Jean Adams, Kate Walters, Sarah L Sowden, Lynne Forrest, Linda Sharp, Mira Hidajat, Martin White, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
BACKGROUND: There is growing consensus on the importance of identifying age-related inequities in the receipt of public health and healthcare interventions, but concerns regarding conceptual and methodological rigour in this area of research. Establishing age inequity in receipt requires evidence of a difference that is not an artefact of poor measurement of need or receipt; is not warranted on the grounds of patient preference or clinical safety; and is judged to be unfair. METHOD: A systematic, thematic literature review was undertaken with the objective of characterising recent research approaches...
July 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661541/women-50-and-older-and-hiv-prevention-and-implications-for-health-care-providers
#19
Christopher Lance Coleman
The current article discusses the importance of implementing HIV and AIDS education, prevention, and intervention programs that are tailored to women 50 and older and to determine HIV risk factors for this population. A literature search was performed, resulting in 41 relevant articles. The literature underscored the significance of increasing awareness of HIV/AIDS, particularly among older women. HIV risk behaviors and the effect that these behaviors have on HIV transmission and prevention among women 50 and older are described...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638855/end-of-life-care-and-do-not-resuscitate-orders-how-much-does-age-influence-decision-making-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Ifor Cook, Aimee L Kirkup, Lauren J Langham, Muminah A Malik, Gabriella Marlow, Ian Sammy
With population aging, "do not resuscitate" (DNAR) decisions, pertaining to the appropriateness of attempting resuscitation following a cardiac arrest, are becoming commoner. It is unclear from the literature whether using age to make these decisions represents "ageism." We undertook a systematic review of the literature using CINAHL, Medline, and the Cochrane database to investigate the relationship between age and DNAR. All 10 studies fulfilling our inclusion criteria found that "do not attempt resuscitation" orders were more prevalent in older patients; eight demonstrated that this was independent of other mediating factors such as illness severity and likely outcome...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
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