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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608325/discrimination-harassment-and-gendered-health-inequalities-do-perceptions-of-workplace-mistreatment-contribute-to-the-gender-gap-in-self-reported-health
#1
Catherine E Harnois, João L Bastos
This study examines the extent to which discrimination and harassment contribute to gendered health disparities. Analyzing data from the 2006, 2010, and 2014 General Social Surveys ( N = 3,724), we ask the following: (1) To what extent are perceptions of workplace gender discrimination and sexual harassment associated with self-reported mental and physical health? (2) How do multiple forms of workplace mistreatment (e.g., racism, ageism, and sexism) combine to structure workers' self-assessed health? and (3) To what extent do perceptions of mistreatment contribute to the gender gap in self-assessed health? Multivariate analyses show that among women, but not men, perceptions of workplace gender discrimination are negatively associated with poor mental health, and perceptions of sexual harassment are associated with poor physical health...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500824/rational-suicide-in-elderly-adults-a-clinician-s-perspective
#2
Meera Balasubramaniam
Geriatricians are increasingly encountering older adults expressing suicidal wishes in the absence of overt mental illness. This is expected to grow as life expectancy increases. This article describes the case of an older adult who expressed the wish to end his life in the absence of a diagnosable mental illness. Although he had chronic medical illnesses, he was not terminally ill. The complex subject of rational suicide in elderly adults is approached from a clinician's perspective. Issues of ageism, gerontophobia, and changing perspectives on death are highlighted...
March 2, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481115/-perceived-age-discrimination-across-age-in-europe-from-an-ageing-society-to-a-society-for-all-ages-correction-to-bratt-et-al-2018
#3
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Perceived age discrimination across age in Europe: From an ageing society to a society for all ages" by Christopher Bratt, Dominic Abrams, Hannah J. Swift, Christin-Melanie Vauclair and Sibila Marques ( Developmental Psychology , 2018[Jan], Vol 54[1], 167-180). In the article, the copyright license has been changed to the Creative Commons CC-BY Attribution License. The online version of this article has been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-47508-001...
March 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401242/intergenerational-contact-predicts-attitudes-toward-older-adults-through-inclusion-of-the-outgroup-in-the-self
#4
Jonathan Cadieux, Alison L Chasteen, Dominic J Packer PhD
Objectives: With our rapidly aging population, it is critical to understand biases toward older people and what can be done to reduce ageism. Intergenerational contact can improve attitudes towards older people, but the effect of inclusion of outgroups in the self (IOS) in the context of intergenerational contact remains unexplored. In addition, stereotypes of warmth and incompetence may be affected differently by contact experiences and have different roles in effecting change in ageist attitudes...
February 1, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346657/perspectives-on-queer-music-therapy-a-qualitative-analysis-of-music-therapists-reactions-to-radically-inclusive-practice
#5
Catherine E Boggan, Patrick R Grzanka, Candice L Bain
Background: The queer music therapy model was designed by Bain, Grzanka, and Crowe in 2016 as a novel therapeutic approach to affirm and empower LGBTQ+ identity through music. No data have been generated on how this model might actually be implemented, or the strengths and limitations of the model according to music therapy professionals. Objective: The purpose of this study was to build on Bain and colleagues' work by collecting music therapists' perspectives on queer music therapy and using these data to critically evaluate the model...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325443/moving-upstream-in-health-promoting-policies-for-older-people-with-early-frailty-in-england-a-policy-analysis
#6
Vari Drennan, Kate Walters, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Claire Goodman, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe
Objectives Globally, populations are rapidly ageing and countries have developed health promotion and wellbeing strategies to address increasing demand for health care and old-age support. The older population is not homogeneous however, and includes a large group in transition between being active and healthy to being frail, i.e. with early frailty. This review explores the extent to which policy in England has addressed this group with a view to supporting independence and preventing further progression towards frailty...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314164/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-an-ageism-scale-for-dental-students
#7
Ryan Rucker, Patrick B Barlow, Jennifer Hartshorn, Laura Kaufman, Becky Smith, Anastassia Kossioni, Leonardo Marchini
PURPOSE/AIM: This work presents the preliminary validation of a novel scale assessing ageism attitudes among dental students. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A 27-question scale was created based on existing ageism scales. The new ageism scale was applied to 144 dental students. Content validity was achieved by experts' consensus. Questions whose deletion increased the overall α, loading < 0.40, loading on more than one factors, or those unexpectedly grouped in another factor were thoroughly examined...
January 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305795/patients-preferences-and-existential-perspective-what-to-consider-and-how-should-patient-s-expectations-be-guided
#8
E Holmes, P Crome, A Arora
With an ageing population, surgical procedures in older patients are becoming increasingly more common. This can pose clinical and ethical dilemmas, during which clinicians need to make complex decisions. In this paper we discuss the importance of assessing mental capacity to assess if the older patient can make his or her own decisions relating to surgery. We also discuss the importance of understanding ethical principles, in order that clinicians can better guide patient's decision-making. In addition, we look at ageism, frailty, and co-morbidities, and their influence on clinician's decisions regarding surgery in older patients...
March 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300808/frailty-mind-the-gap
#9
Alison M Mudge, Ruth E Hubbard
Frailty has become the focus of considerable research interest and media attention over the past 15 years. While it has much to offer geriatric medicine, potential pitfalls also need to be acknowledged. The conceptualisation of frailty in very different ways-as a syndrome or a risk state-has created semantic dissonance: the frailest patients by one definition may have early sarcopenia, by another be bedbound and in institutional care. Caution is required in transferring findings between studies enroling these different populations...
December 29, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174860/ageism-and-suicide-prevention
#10
Diego de Leo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169534/race-ageism-and-the-slide-from-privileged-occupations
#11
George Wilson, Vincent J Roscigno
The sociological literature on workplace inequality has been relatively clear regarding racial disparities and ongoing vulnerabilities to contemporary structural and employer biases. We still know little, however, about the consequences of age and ageism for minority workers and susceptibilities to downward mobility. Coupling insights regarding race with recent work on employment-based age discrimination, we interrogate in this article African Americans and Whites, aged 55 and older, and the extent to which they experience job loss across time...
January 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165571/reducing-ageism-education-about-aging-and-extended-contact-with-older-adults
#12
Ashley Lytle, Sheri R Levy, Suzanne Meeks
Background and Objectives: Ageism is of increasing concern due to the growing older population worldwide and youth-centered focus of many societies. Research Design and Methods: The current investigation tested the PEACE (Positive Education about Aging and Contact Experiences) model for the first time. Two online experimental studies examined 2 key factors for reducing ageism: education about aging (providing accurate information about aging) and extended contact (knowledge of positive intergenerational contact) as well as their potential combined effect (education plus extended contact)...
November 19, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058935/perceived-age-discrimination-across-age-in-europe-from-an-ageing-society-to-a-society-for-all-ages
#13
Christopher Bratt, Dominic Abrams, Hannah J Swift, Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Sibila Marques
Ageism is recognized as a significant obstacle to older people's well-being, but age discrimination against younger people has attracted less attention. We investigate levels of perceived age discrimination across early to late adulthood, using data from the European Social Survey (ESS), collected in 29 countries (N = 56,272). We test for approximate measurement invariance across countries. We use local structural equation modeling as well as moderated nonlinear factor analysis to test for measurement invariance across age as a continuous variable...
January 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031280/factors-influencing-suicide-in-older-rural-males-a-review-of-australian-studies
#14
Kylie T Crnek-Georgeson, Leigh A Wilson, Andrew Page
INTRODUCTION: Suicide remains an important public health issue in Australia, responsible for around 2500 deaths each year. Although suicide only accounts for around 1.7% of total mortality in Australia per year, 75% of suicide deaths are in males. This article reviews the factors contributing to suicide in older rural males in Australia and then categorises the papers into themes for ease of explanation. Living with experiences of drought, dramatic weather change, lower employment opportunities, out-migration, changing family dynamics, ageism in the community, economic change and competitive labour markets, all add to the diverse experience for an older person who is ageing in a rural setting...
October 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990641/dignity-in-older-adults-with-schizophrenia-residing-in-assisted-living-facilities
#15
Darlene Robison, Gloria McInnis-Perry, Lori E Weeks, Vicki Foley
There is a lack of nursing literature on older adults' perceptions of dignity, specifically those of older adults with schizophrenia. With the aging population, mental health services and support for older adults with schizophrenia will become a greater priority. The purpose of the current descriptive phenomenological study was to describe the meaning of the lived experience of dignity for older adults with schizophrenia residing in assisted living facilities. A purposive sample of eight older adults with schizophrenia residing in assisted living facilities participated in semi-structured interviews following the descriptive phenomenological psychological method...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972839/prejudices-in-cultural-contexts-shared-stereotypes-gender-age-versus-variable-stereotypes-race-ethnicity-religion
#16
Susan T Fiske
Some prejudices share cross-cultural patterns, but others are more variable and culture specific. Those sharing cross-cultural patterns (sexism, ageism) each combine societal status differences and intimate interdependence. For example, in stereotypes of sex and age, lower status groups-women and elders-gain stereotypic warmth (from their cooperative interdependence) but lose stereotypic competence (from their lower status); men and middle-aged adults show the opposite trade-off, stereotypically more competent than warm...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960583/communication-of-healthcare-professionals-is-there-ageism
#17
S Schroyen, S Adam, M Marquet, G Jerusalem, S Thiel, A-L Giraudet, P Missotten
Elderspeak is often used when talking to older individuals and is characterised by a slower and/or louder speech, a patronising tone, etc. A part of the reason of such communication can be found in the actual context of negative view of ageing. However, the link between view of ageing and elderspeak has never been objectively studied in oncology. Therefore, 40 healthcare professionals (physicians and medical students) record a podcast where they have to explain an endocrine therapy to two fictional patients (40- vs...
January 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938218/late-life-suicide-prevention-strategies-current-status-and-future-directions
#18
REVIEW
Kim Van Orden, Charlene Deming
Late life suicide prevention differs from suicide prevention for other age groups: first, the number of older adults worldwide is on the rise; second, late-life suicide receives much less attention in all societal spheres, from the media, to federal funding agencies, to healthcare initiatives. Recent findings indicate an association between internalized ageist stereotypes and reduced will to live. Recent research also addresses the role of cognitive control as a contributor to risk and as an intervention target (e...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934907/the-use-of-assistive-technologies-after-stroke-is-debunking-the-myths-about-the-elderly
#19
Marija Tomšič, Barbara Domajnko, Melita Zajc
Background Through the concept of ageism, we highlight and explain how the society prejudices the elderly. WHO classifies 12 most common stereotypes pertaining to old age. Elderly people are being excluded from social life due to their chronological age rather than any actual reduced physical and/or mental ability. Some of these stereotypes are directly related to the (un)willingness and the ability of the elderly to use technology in everyday life. Objectives The study presented in this article aims to explain the phenomenon of technology use among elderly people who had had a stroke...
September 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918819/the-promise-of-documentary-theatre-to-counter-ageism-in-age-friendly-communities
#20
Kathy Black, Valerie Barnes Lipscomb
This paper discusses an innovative theatre-arts collaboration that was created to provoke public discourse about aging in a community located in the Southeastern United States in which more than one-half of residents are age 50 or older. The development and execution of the documentary theatre production are explicated and the post-performance talk-backs with the audience are shared to illustrate how it facilitated insight and dialogue among its largely older audiences. Experience with this production suggests that academics can collaborate with professional artists to promote the subjective experience of aging as a positive appreciation of self...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
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