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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890032/ageism-we-are-our-own-worst-enemy
#1
Kerry Sargent-Cox
In 1969, Butler (1969) first coined the term "ageism" to confront "prejudice by one age group toward other age groups" (pp. 243). As with other "isms," such as racism and sexism, ageism leads to bigotry and discrimination, though it is a very distinct beast in that, for the most part, other "isms" refer to those different from ourselves: distinct, mutually exclusive, and impervious groups. Conversely, age is a fluid social construct in which we are all intimately bound as we move through the lifespan, transitioning in and out of different age-groups...
November 28, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882680/reconciling-conceptualisations-of-the-body-and-person-centred-care-of-the-older-person-with-cognitive-impairment-in-the-acute-care-setting
#2
Carole Rushton, David Edvardsson
In this article, we sought reconciliation between the "body-as-representation" and the "body-as-experience," that is, how the body is represented in discourse and how the body of older people with cognitive impairment is experienced. We identified four contemporary "technologies" and gave examples of these to show how they influence how older people with cognitive impairment are often represented in acute care settings. We argued that these technologies may be mediated further by discourses of ageism and ableism which can potentiate either the repressive or productive tendencies of these technologies resulting in either positive or negative care experiences for the older person and/or their carer, including nurses...
November 23, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875836/ageism-aging-and-hiv-community-responses-to-prevention-treatment-care-and-support
#3
Rosanna F DeMarco, Mark Brennan-Ing, Courtenay Sprague, Shelley M Brown
Ageism, in the form of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination targeting older adults, represents a barrier to addressing the graying of the HIV epidemic. There is widespread misperception on the part of older adults themselves, as well as service providers and society in general that HIV risk is low as one ages. In addition, internalized ageism may play a role in poorer physical and mental health outcomes, as the negative stereotypes associated with aging become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A number of steps can be taken to address HIV and aging in the context of ageism with regard to: prevention, education, and outreach; treatment guidelines for older adults with HIV; funding to address the aging of the epidemic; engagement of communities, health and social service organizations, and other providers around mental health and social support, and addressing the needs of special populations...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852342/on-studying-ageism-in-long-term-care-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
José Manuel Sousa de São José, Carla Alexandra Filipe Amado
BACKGROUND: Ageism in long-term care is pervasive, but it is not easy to define, to identify and to fight it in practice. These difficulties could be overcome if we develop research capable to conceptualize, detect, measure, and understand the multidimensionality and complexity of ageism. Nevertheless, to achieve this, it is fundamental to know how ageism in long-term care has been previously studied. METHODS: This paper systematically reviews studies on ageism in long-term care services published before October 2015 and indexed in Web of Science, PubMed, and Social Care Online electronic databases...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843156/valuing-older-people-time-for-a-global-campaign-to-combat-ageism
#5
EDITORIAL
Alana Officer, Mira Leonie Schneiders, Diane Wu, Paul Nash, Jotheeswaran Amuthavalli Thiyagarajan, John R Beard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831711/what-do-older-people-think-that-others-think-of-them-and-does-it-matter-the-role-of-meta-perceptions-and-social-norms-in-the-prediction-of-perceived-age-discrimination
#6
Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Maria Luísa Lima, Dominic Abrams, Hannah J Swift, Christopher Bratt
Psychological theories of aging highlight the importance of social context. However, very little research has distinguished empirically between older people's perception of how others in their social context perceive them (personal meta-perceptions) and the shared perceptions in society (societal meta-perceptions). Drawing on theories of intergroup relations and stereotyping and using a multilevel perspective, this article examines how well older people's perceptions of age discrimination (PAD) are predicted by (a) older people's personal meta-perceptions, (b) societal meta-perceptions, and (c) social norms of intolerance toward age prejudice...
November 2016: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756481/-%C3%A2-ageism%C3%A2-as-social-problem-in-geriatrics-regarding-the-measurement-of-ageism-in-dentistry-students
#7
Enrique Fernández, Héctor Monardes, Carlos Díaz, Fernando Fuentes, Paula Padilla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756194/ageism-resilience-coping-family-support-and-quality-of-life-among-older-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-nanning-china
#8
Yongfang Xu, Xinqin Lin, Shiyi Chen, Yanfen Liu, Hongjie Liu
Although the HIV epidemic continues to spread among older adults over 50 years old in China, little empirical research has investigated the interrelationships among ageism, adaptability, family support, and quality of life among older people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). In this cross-sectional study, among 197 older PLWHAs over 50 years old, path analytic modelling was used to assess the interrelationships among ageism, resilience, coping, family support, and quality of life. Compared with female PLWHAs, male PLWHAs had a higher level of resilience and coping...
October 19, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736467/staff-member-reactions-to-same-gender-resident-to-resident-sexual-behavior-within-long-term-care-facilities
#9
Andrew Ahrendt, Eric Sprankle, Alex Kuka, Keagan McPherson
The current study assesses ageism and heterosexism relating to older adult sexual activity within long-term care facilities. To assess caregiver reactions, 153 residential care facility staff members read one of three vignettes. Each vignette described a scenario in which a staff member walks in on two residents (male/female, male/male, or female/female) engaging in sexual activity. Although no main effects were discovered for vignette type, exploratory analyses revealed that the facility where participants were employed was significantly related to their ratings of approval...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732524/perspectives-of-lgbtq-older-adults-on-aging-in-place-a-qualitative-investigation
#10
Jennifer M Boggs, Jennifer Dickman Portz, Diane K King, Leslie A Wright, Kenneth Helander, Jessica H Retrum, Wendolyn S Gozansky
This qualitative study conducted by a community-research partnership used multiple types of data collection to examine variables relevant for LGBTQ older adults who wished to age in place in their urban Denver neighborhood. Focus groups, interviews, and a town hall meeting were used to identify barriers and supports to aging in place. Participants (N = 73) primarily identified as lesbian or gay, aged 50-69, and lived with a partner. Ageism, heterosexism, and/or cisgenderism emerged as cross-cutting themes that negatively impact access to healthcare, housing, social support, home assistance and legal services...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686835/equity-in-disease-prevention-vaccines-for-the-older-adults-proceedings-of-a-workshop-melbourne-australia-20-june-2014
#11
C Raina MacIntyre, Robert Menzies, Elizabeth Kpozehouen, Michael Chapman, Joanne Travaglia, Michael Woodward, Lisa Jackson Pulver, Christopher J Poulos, David Gronow, Timothy Adair
On the 20th June, 2014 the National Health and Medical Research Council's Centre for Research Excellence in Population Health "Immunisation in under Studied and Special Risk Populations", in collaboration with the Public Health Association of Australia, hosted a workshop "Equity in disease prevention: vaccines for the older adults". The workshop featured international and national speakers on ageing and vaccinology. The workshop was attended by health service providers, stakeholders in immunisation, ageing, primary care, researchers, government and non-government organisations, community representatives, and advocacy groups...
September 26, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608720/psychological-support-for-families-of-icu-patients-longitudinal-documentation-of-the-service
#12
E Demetriadou, M Kokkinou, G Metaxas, E Kyriakides, T Kyprianou
This study is the first systematic effort to investigate psychological services provided to relatives of ICU patients at Nicosia General Hospital. Documentation of psychological sessions provided to relatives of ICU patients for the years 2011-2014 was analyzed. To investigate possible differences in the total number of sessions for the referenced years, the records were analyzed using patients' demographics, the outcome of hospitalization and the total number of sessions with relatives. A questionnaire was sent to the ICU staff aiming to identify their perception towards the need for psychological support...
September 9, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601889/ageism-in-belgium-and-burundi-a-comparative-analysis
#13
Manon Marquet, Pierre Missotten, Sarah Schroyen, Desiderate Nindaba, Stéphane Adam
BACKGROUND: Recent cross-cultural comparisons between Asian and Western cultures have shown that ageism arises more from the lack of availability of social and economic resources for older adults than from the culture itself. We tested this assumption by conducting a survey among people living in a least developed country compared with those living in a developed country. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven Belgians living in Belgium, 29 Burundians living in Belgium, and 32 Burundians living in Burundi were included in this study...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582131/institutional-ageism-in-global-health-policy
#14
Peter G Lloyd-Sherlock, Shah Ebrahim, Martin McKee, Martin James Prince
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576764/factors-associated-with-ageist-attitudes-among-college-students
#15
Matthew Lee Smith, Caroline D Bergeron, Clay Cowart, SangNam Ahn, Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory, Mindy A Menn, J D Chaney
AIM: Ageist views have the potential to deleteriously impact large populations of older adults in the USA and worldwide. The high levels of ageism among young adults might originate from their limited interactions with older adults (individuals aged 65 years and older). The present study examined the factors associated with ageist attitudes among college students. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 641 college students using an internet-delivered questionnaire. Participants were asked to rate their level of agreement with 17 ageist statements about older adults...
August 31, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525957/facing-death-a-critical-analysis-of-advance-care-planning-in-the-united-states
#16
Suzanne S Sullivan, Suzanne S Dickerson
Studies have shown that advanced care planning improves communication and reduces suffering for patients and their bereaved caregivers. Despite this knowledge, the rates of advance care plans are low and physicians, as the primary gatekeepers, have made little progress in improving their rates. Through the lens of critical social theory, we examine these forces and identify the ideologies, assumptions, and social structures that curtail completion of advanced care plans such as Preserving Life, Ageism, Paternalism, and Market-Driven Healthcare System...
August 11, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520730/the-ambivalent-ageism-scale-developing-and-validating-a-scale-to-measure-benevolent-and-hostile-ageism
#17
Lindsey A Cary, Alison L Chasteen, Jessica Remedios
PURPOSE: Much like sexism, ageism is a multifaceted prejudice; it involves benevolent and hostile attitudes toward older adults. There are many scales designed to measure hostile ageism, yet none dedicated to measuring benevolent ageism. In the current studies, we developed and validated a 13-item measure: the Ambivalent Ageism Scale (AAS). DESIGN AND METHODS: We employed four stages of scale development and validation. In Stage 1, we created 41 benevolent ageist items adapted from existing ageism measures...
August 12, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510755/toward-reducing-ageism-peace-positive-education-about-aging-and-contact-experiences-model
#18
Sheri R Levy
The population of older adults is growing worldwide. Negative ageism (negative attitudes and behavior toward older adults) is a serious international concern that negatively influences not only older adults but also individuals across the age continuum. This article proposes and examines the application of an integrative theoretical model across empirical evidence in the literature on ageism in psychology, medicine, social work, and sociology. The proposed Positive Education about Aging and Contact Experiences (PEACE) model focuses on 2 key contributing factors expected to reduce negative ageism: (a) education about aging including facts on aging along with positive older role models that dispel negative and inaccurate images of older adulthood; and (b) positive contact experiences with older adults that are individualized, provide or promote equal status, are cooperative, involve sharing of personal information, and are sanctioned within the setting...
August 10, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507687/rationales-for-anti-aging-activities-in-middle-age-aging-health-or-appearance
#19
Toni Calasanti, Neal King, Ilkka Pietilä, Hanna Ojala
PURPOSE: We explore the motivations of middle-aged consumers of anti-aging products and services in relation to aging, health, and appearance. Admission of use of anti-aging products and services could align a respondent with a stigmatized group, old people, and also connotes a feminine concern with aesthetics. For these reasons, people, particularly men, will be unlikely to report using them for this purpose. DESIGN AND METHODS: Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted among 19 men and women aged 42-61 years...
August 9, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444969/-role-of-sglt2-inhibitors-in-elderly-diabetic-patients-we-should-avoid-ageism
#20
Francesc Formiga, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
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