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Enrique Fernández, Héctor Monardes, Carlos Díaz, Fernando Fuentes, Paula Padilla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Yongfang Xu, Xinqin Lin, Shiyi Chen, Yanfen Liu, Hongjie Liu
Although the HIV epidemic continues to spread among older adults over 50 years old in China, little empirical research has investigated the interrelationships among ageism, adaptability, family support, and quality of life among older people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). In this cross-sectional study, among 197 older PLWHAs over 50 years old, path analytic modelling was used to assess the interrelationships among ageism, resilience, coping, family support, and quality of life. Compared with female PLWHAs, male PLWHAs had a higher level of resilience and coping...
October 19, 2016: Global Public Health
Andrew Ahrendt, Eric Sprankle, Alex Kuka, Keagan McPherson
The current study assesses ageism and heterosexism relating to older adult sexual activity within long-term care facilities. To assess caregiver reactions, 153 residential care facility staff members read one of three vignettes. Each vignette described a scenario in which a staff member walks in on two residents (male/female, male/male, or female/female) engaging in sexual activity. Although no main effects were discovered for vignette type, exploratory analyses revealed that the facility where participants were employed was significantly related to their ratings of approval...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Jennifer M Boggs, Jennifer Dickman Portz, Diane K King, Leslie A Wright, Kenneth Helander, Jessica H Retrum, Wendolyn S Gozansky
This qualitative study conducted by a community-research partnership used multiple types of data collection to examine variables relevant for LGBTQ older adults who wished to age in place in their urban Denver neighborhood. Focus groups, interviews, and a town hall meeting were used to identify barriers and supports to aging in place. Participants (N = 73) primarily identified as lesbian or gay, aged 50-69, and lived with a partner. Ageism, heterosexism, and/or cisgenderism emerged as cross-cutting themes that negatively impact access to healthcare, housing, social support, home assistance and legal services...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
C Raina MacIntyre, Robert Menzies, Elizabeth Kpozehouen, Michael Chapman, Joanne Travaglia, Michael Woodward, Lisa Jackson Pulver, Christopher J Poulos, David Gronow, Timothy Adair
On the 20th June, 2014 the National Health and Medical Research Council's Centre for Research Excellence in Population Health "Immunisation in under Studied and Special Risk Populations", in collaboration with the Public Health Association of Australia, hosted a workshop "Equity in disease prevention: vaccines for the older adults". The workshop featured international and national speakers on ageing and vaccinology. The workshop was attended by health service providers, stakeholders in immunisation, ageing, primary care, researchers, government and non-government organisations, community representatives, and advocacy groups...
September 26, 2016: Vaccine
E Demetriadou, M Kokkinou, G Metaxas, E Kyriakides, T Kyprianou
This study is the first systematic effort to investigate psychological services provided to relatives of ICU patients at Nicosia General Hospital. Documentation of psychological sessions provided to relatives of ICU patients for the years 2011-2014 was analyzed. To investigate possible differences in the total number of sessions for the referenced years, the records were analyzed using patients' demographics, the outcome of hospitalization and the total number of sessions with relatives. A questionnaire was sent to the ICU staff aiming to identify their perception towards the need for psychological support...
September 9, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Manon Marquet, Pierre Missotten, Sarah Schroyen, Desiderate Nindaba, Stéphane Adam
BACKGROUND: Recent cross-cultural comparisons between Asian and Western cultures have shown that ageism arises more from the lack of availability of social and economic resources for older adults than from the culture itself. We tested this assumption by conducting a survey among people living in a least developed country compared with those living in a developed country. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven Belgians living in Belgium, 29 Burundians living in Belgium, and 32 Burundians living in Burundi were included in this study...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Peter G Lloyd-Sherlock, Shah Ebrahim, Martin McKee, Martin James Prince
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Matthew Lee Smith, Caroline D Bergeron, Clay Cowart, SangNam Ahn, Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory, Mindy A Menn, J D Chaney
AIM: Ageist views have the potential to deleteriously impact large populations of older adults in the USA and worldwide. The high levels of ageism among young adults might originate from their limited interactions with older adults (individuals aged 65 years and older). The present study examined the factors associated with ageist attitudes among college students. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 641 college students using an internet-delivered questionnaire. Participants were asked to rate their level of agreement with 17 ageist statements about older adults...
August 31, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Suzanne S Sullivan, Suzanne S Dickerson
Studies have shown that advanced care planning improves communication and reduces suffering for patients and their bereaved caregivers. Despite this knowledge, the rates of advance care plans are low and physicians, as the primary gatekeepers, have made little progress in improving their rates. Through the lens of critical social theory, we examine these forces and identify the ideologies, assumptions, and social structures that curtail completion of advanced care plans such as Preserving Life, Ageism, Paternalism, and Market-Driven Healthcare System...
August 11, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Lindsey A Cary, Alison L Chasteen, Jessica Remedios
PURPOSE: Much like sexism, ageism is a multifaceted prejudice; it involves benevolent and hostile attitudes toward older adults. There are many scales designed to measure hostile ageism, yet none dedicated to measuring benevolent ageism. In the current studies, we developed and validated a 13-item measure: the Ambivalent Ageism Scale (AAS). DESIGN AND METHODS: We employed four stages of scale development and validation. In Stage 1, we created 41 benevolent ageist items adapted from existing ageism measures...
August 12, 2016: Gerontologist
Sheri R Levy
The population of older adults is growing worldwide. Negative ageism (negative attitudes and behavior toward older adults) is a serious international concern that negatively influences not only older adults but also individuals across the age continuum. This article proposes and examines the application of an integrative theoretical model across empirical evidence in the literature on ageism in psychology, medicine, social work, and sociology. The proposed Positive Education about Aging and Contact Experiences (PEACE) model focuses on 2 key contributing factors expected to reduce negative ageism: (a) education about aging including facts on aging along with positive older role models that dispel negative and inaccurate images of older adulthood; and (b) positive contact experiences with older adults that are individualized, provide or promote equal status, are cooperative, involve sharing of personal information, and are sanctioned within the setting...
August 10, 2016: Gerontologist
Toni Calasanti, Neal King, Ilkka Pietilä, Hanna Ojala
PURPOSE: We explore the motivations of middle-aged consumers of anti-aging products and services in relation to aging, health, and appearance. Admission of use of anti-aging products and services could align a respondent with a stigmatized group, old people, and also connotes a feminine concern with aesthetics. For these reasons, people, particularly men, will be unlikely to report using them for this purpose. DESIGN AND METHODS: Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted among 19 men and women aged 42-61 years...
August 9, 2016: Gerontologist
Francesc Formiga, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Katie E Cherry, Susan Brigman, Bethany A Lyon, Blakeley Blanchard, Erin J Walker, Emily A Smitherman
The authors examined the prevalence of self-reported ageist behaviors in a lifespan sample ranging in age from 13 to 91 years. Participants completed the Relating to Older People Evaluation (Cherry & Palmore). Results indicated that adolescents and young adults reported fewer ageist behaviors overall than did middle-aged and older adults. Positive ageist behaviors were more frequent than negative ageist behaviors for people of all ages. Women endorsed positive ageism items more often than men, although men and women did not differ in frequency of negative ageist behaviors...
October 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Katja Hanke, Li-Li Huang, Dominic Abrams
Ageism is an increasing concern in ageing populations such as Asia and Europe. A prevalent assumption in psychology is that Eastern cultures may be less prone to ageism because of norms and values that honour and respect elders. Yet, evidence for this culture hypothesis is inconclusive. The current study examines this issue by comparing attitudes towards older people in an Eastern and Western samples of 184 young people from the UK and 249 from Taiwan. Attitudes to old age were measured both as meta-perceptions (the perceived normative context) and personal attitudes in regard to the cognitive, affective and behavioural components of ageism...
July 4, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Paul A Gilbert, Sarah E Zemore
Although it is widely accepted that discrimination is associated with heavy and hazardous drinking, particularly within stress and coping frameworks, there has been no comprehensive review of the evidence. In response, we conducted a systematic review of the English language peer-reviewed literature to summarize studies of discrimination and alcohol-related outcomes, broadly defined. Searching six online data bases, we identified 938 non-duplicative titles published between 1980 and 2015, of which 97 met all inclusion criteria for our review and reported quantitative tests of associations between discrimination and alcohol use...
July 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Carrie M Dameron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Manon Marquet, Pierre Missotten, Stéphane Adam
Stigmatization related to age (i.e., ageism) is a widespread phenomenon in the modern industrial societies where older people are perceived as cognitively incompetent. Therefore negative stereotypes about age-related cognitive decline may have a detrimental influence on older adults on their cognitive performance. The aim of the present review is to understand how stereotypes can influence the performance of the elderly on cognitive tests. We first describe the stereotype threat phenomenon by providing an overview of situations likely to produce stereotype threat, as well as contextual and personal characteristics that moderate its effects...
June 1, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Australian Nursing & Midwifery Journal
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