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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636448/ebola-virus-training-a-needs-assessment-and-gap-analysis
#1
Kevin Yeskey, Joseph Hughes, Betsy Galluzzo, Nina Jaitly, James Remington, Deborah Weinstock, Joy Lee Pearson, Jonathan D Rosen
In response to the 2014 Ebola virus disease outbreak, the Worker Training Program embarked on an assessment of existing training for those at risk for exposure to the virus. Searches of the recent peer-reviewed literature were conducted for descriptions of relevant training. Federal guidance issued during 2015 was also reviewed. Four stakeholder meetings were conducted with representatives from health care, academia, private industry, and public health to discuss issues associated with ongoing training. Our results revealed few articles about training that provided sufficient detail to serve as models...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633636/typology-of-birth-centres-in-the-netherlands-using-the-rainbow-model-of-integrated-care-results-of-the-dutch-birth-centre-study
#2
Inge C Boesveld, Marc A Bruijnzeels, Marit Hitzert, Marieke A A Hermus, Karin M van der Pal-de Bruin, M Elske van den Akker-van Marle, Eric A P Steegers, Arie Franx, Raymond G de Vries, Therese A Wiegers
BACKGROUND: The goal of integrated care is to offer a continuum of care that crosses the boundaries of public health, primary, secondary, and tertiary care. Integrated care is increasingly promoted for people with complex needs and has also recently been promoted in maternity care systems to improve the quality of care. Especially when located near an obstetric unit, birth centres are considered to be ideal settings for the realization of integrated care. At present, however, we know very little about the degree of integration in these centres and we do not know if increased levels of integration improve the quality of the care delivered...
June 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632597/leadership-communication-and-negotiation-across-a-diverse-workforce-an-aoa-critical-issues-symposium
#3
Denis R Clohisy, Michael J Yaszemski, Joanne Lipman
The current workforce in the United States is rapidly changing and is increasingly inclusive of individuals from a broad range of ages, ethnicities, and cultural backgrounds. Engaging and leading a diverse workforce creates great opportunities for innovation and adaptation in our evolving medical economic and clinical care delivery environment. For optimal engagement of employees and partners, orthopaedic surgeons must develop the necessary skills for executing change inside complex organizations and across teams composed of a variety of providers and skilled workers...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632445/critique-and-contribute-a-practice-based-framework-for-improving-critical-data-studies-and-data-science
#4
Gina Neff, Anissa Tanweer, Brittany Fiore-Gartland, Laura Osburn
What would data science look like if its key critics were engaged to help improve it, and how might critiques of data science improve with an approach that considers the day-to-day practices of data science? This article argues for scholars to bridge the conversations that seek to critique data science and those that seek to advance data science practice to identify and create the social and organizational arrangements necessary for a more ethical data science. We summarize four critiques that are commonly made in critical data studies: data are inherently interpretive, data are inextricable from context, data are mediated through the sociomaterial arrangements that produce them, and data serve as a medium for the negotiation and communication of values...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629328/impact-of-systematic-capacity-building-on-cataract-surgical-service-development-in-25-hospitals
#5
Katherine Judson, Paul Courtright, Thulsiraj Ravilla, Rohit Khanna, Ken Bassett
BACKGROUND: This study measured the effectiveness and cost of a capacity building intervention in 25 eye hospitals in South Asia, East Africa and Latin America over 4 years. The intervention involved eye care non-governmental organizations or high-performing eye hospitals acting as "mentors" to underperforming eye hospitals- "mentees" in 10 countries. Intervention activities included systematic planning and support for training and key equipment purchases as well as hospital-specific mentoring which focused on strengthening leadership, increasing the volume and equity of community outreach, improving surgical quality and volume, strengthening organizational and financial management and streamlining operational processes...
June 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625030/the-clinical-nutrition-research-agenda-in-indonesia-and-beyond-ecological-strategy-for-food-in-health-care-delivery
#6
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Despite progress with the food-associated health agenda in the public health and clinical domains, much remains to be done in Indonesia. There are reasons to be optimistic which include economic development, increasing literacy, progress towards universal health coverage and community organizational arrangements across the archipelago which focus on health through some 10,000 puskesmas. These community health centres are variably staffed with voluntary cadres from the community, bidans (nurses) and general medical practitioners...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625003/when-science-is-not-enough-a-framework-towards-more-customer-focused-drug-development
#7
REVIEW
Nektarios Oraiopoulos, William C N Dunlop
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify the key barriers to a customer-focused drug development process and develop a comprehensive framework to overcome them. METHODS: The paper draws on existing literature, both academic and practitioner, across a range of disciplines (innovation management, marketing, organizational behavior, behavioral economics, health economics, industry reports). On the basis of this extensive review, a conceptual framework is developed that offers concrete suggestions on how organizations can overcome the barriers and enable a more customer-focused development process...
June 17, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623052/how-physicians-draw-satisfaction-and-overcome-barriers-in-their-practices-it-sustains-me
#8
William T Branch, Amy B Weil, MaryAnn C Gilligan, Debra K Litzelman, Janet P Hafler, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Elizabeth A Rider, Lars G Osterberg, Dana Dunne, Arthur R Derse, J Richard Pittman, Richard M Frankel
OBJECTIVE: Major reorganizations of medical practice today challenge physicians' ability to deliver compassionate care. We sought to understand how physicians who completed an intensive faculty development program in medical humanism sustain their humanistic practices. METHODS: Program completers from 8 U.S. medical schools wrote reflections in answer to two open-ended questions addressing their personal motivations and the barriers that impeded their humanistic practice and teaching...
June 8, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622531/explaining-transgression-in-respiratory-rate-observation-methods-in-the-emergency-department-a-classic-grounded-theory-analysis
#9
Tracy Flenady, Trudy Dwyer, Judith Applegarth
BACKGROUND: Abnormal respiratory rates are one of the first indicators of clinical deterioration in emergency department(ED) patients. Despite the importance of respiratory rate observations, this vital sign is often inaccurately recorded on ED observation charts, compromising patient safety. Concurrently, there is a paucity of research reporting why this phenomenon occurs. OBJECTIVE: To develop a substantive theory explaining ED registered nurses' reasoning when they miss or misreport respiratory rate observations...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621697/innovation-systemic-appropriation-and-prevention-in-the-granite-mining-sector-the-case-of-humidification
#10
R W B Mendes, V Pueyo, P Béguin, F J C M Duarte
BACKGROUND: This research was conducted in the Brazilian granite mining sector. After epidemiological studies, it was established that professional pneumoconiosis is related to the inhalation of dust. Therefore, the Brazilian mining health and safety regulatory standard made it compulsory to provide humidification throughout the extraction and mineral treatment processes. OBJECTIVE: To develop the concept of systemic appropriation of the technological innovations that aim to protect the worker's health...
June 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620489/organizational-knowledge-and-capabilities-in-healthcare-deconstructing-and-integrating-diverse-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Jenna M Evans, Adalsteinn Brown, G Ross Baker
Diverse concepts and bodies of work exist in the academic literature to guide research and practice on organizational knowledge and capabilities. However, these concepts have largely developed in parallel with minimal cross-fertilization, particularly in the healthcare domain. This contributes to confusion regarding conceptual boundaries and relationships, and to a lack of application of potentially useful evidence. The aim of this article is to assess three concepts associated with organizational knowledge content-intellectual capital, organizational core competencies, and dynamic capabilities-and to propose an agenda for future research...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614518/rationalization-and-sensemaking-in-care-management-an-experience-of-change-in-a-hospital-of-the-sus-unified-health-system
#12
Creuza da Silva Azevedo, Marilene de Castilho Sá, Marcela Cunha, Gustavo Correa Matta, Lilian Miranda, Victor Grabois
This study aimed to analyze organizational processes of change in the hospital care management by using qualitative evaluation developed in the case study. The study was developed at the Hospital Fornecedores de Cana de Piracicaba, in São Paulo State, Brazil, in September and October of 2012. There were 25 interviews with members of the senior board of directors of the hospital, managers and health professionals linked to healthcare of adults, in addition to the analysis of managerial documents and observations of some activities...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611985/adaptation-through-collaboration-developing-novel-platforms-to-advance-the-delivery-of-advanced-therapies-to-patients
#13
REVIEW
Magdalini Papadaki
For the nascent field of advanced therapies, collaboration will be a game-changer, turning scientific progress that was once unimaginable into transformative medical practice. Despite promise for lifelong management and even cure of disease, skepticism remains about the feasibility of their delivery to patients, fueling investment risks. With the potential for long-term effectiveness in need of frequent reassessment, current approaches to predict real-life drug performance bear little relevance, necessitating novel and iterative schemes to monitoring the benefit-risk profiles throughout the life span of advanced therapies...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610578/sub-national-assessment-of-aid-effectiveness-a-case-study-of-post-conflict-districts-in-uganda
#14
Freddie Ssengooba, Justine Namakula, Vincent Kawooya, Suzanne Fustukian
BACKGROUND: In post-conflict settings, many state and non-state actors interact at the sub-national levels in rebuilding health systems by providing funds, delivering vital interventions and building capacity of local governments to shoulder their roles. Aid relationships among actors at sub-national level represent a vital lever for health system development. This study was undertaken to assess the aid-effectiveness in post-conflict districts of northern Uganda. METHOD: This was a three district cross sectional study conducted from January to April 2013...
June 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609466/multi-level-multi-scale-resource-selection-functions-and-resistance-surfaces-for-conservation-planning-pumas-as-a-case-study
#15
Katherine A Zeller, T Winston Vickers, Holly B Ernest, Walter M Boyce
The importance of examining multiple hierarchical levels when modeling resource use for wildlife has been acknowledged for decades. Multi-level resource selection functions have recently been promoted as a method to synthesize resource use across nested organizational levels into a single predictive surface. Analyzing multiple scales of selection within each hierarchical level further strengthens multi-level resource selection functions. We extend this multi-level, multi-scale framework to modeling resistance for wildlife by combining multi-scale resistance surfaces from two data types, genetic and movement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600608/-do-i-want-to-be-senior-consultant-and-what-then-organizational-development-in-hospitals
#16
Rüdiger Thiesemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600565/action-sequencing-in-the-spontaneous-swimming-behavior-of-zebrafish-larvae-implications-for-drug-development
#17
Tobias Palmér, Fredrik Ek, Olof Enqvist, Roger Olsson, Kalle Åström, Per Petersson
All motile organisms need to organize their motor output to obtain functional goals. In vertebrates, natural behaviors are generally composed of a relatively large set of motor components which in turn are combined into a rich repertoire of complex actions. It is therefore an experimental challenge to investigate the organizational principles of natural behaviors. Using the relatively simple locomotion pattern of 10 days old zebrafish larvae we have here characterized the basic organizational principles governing the swimming behavior...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596704/learning-while-re-configuring-business-model-innovation-processes-in-established-firms
#18
Hans Berends, Armand Smits, Isabelle Reymen, Ksenia Podoynitsyna
This study addresses the question of how established organizations develop new business models over time, using a process research approach to trace how four business model innovation trajectories unfold. With organizational learning as analytical lens, we discern two process patterns: "drifting" starts with an emphasis on experiential learning and shifts later to cognitive search; "leaping," in contrast, starts with an emphasis on cognitive search and shifts later to experiential learning. Both drifting and leaping can result in radical business model innovations, while their occurrence depends on whether a new business model takes off from an existing model and when it goes into operation...
August 2016: Strateg Organ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595664/spanish-language-adaptation-of-morgeson-and-humphrey-s-work-design-questionnaire-wdq
#19
Manuel Fernández Ríos, Raúl G Ramírez Vielma, José Carlos Sánchez García, Mariana Bargsted Aravena, Jean David Polo Vargas, Miguel Ángel Ruiz Díaz
Since work organizations became the subject of scientific research, how to operationalize and measure dimensions of work design has been an issue, mainly due to concerns about internal consistency and factor structure. In response, Morgeson and Humphrey (2006) built the Work Design Questionnaire -WDQ-, an instrument that identifies and measures these dimensions in different work and organizational contexts. This paper presents the instruent's adaptation into Spanish using reliability and validity analysis and drawing on a sample of 1035 Spanish workers who hold various jobs in an array of occupational categories...
June 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594673/facilitators-and-barriers-for-interprofessional-rounding-a-qualitative-study
#20
Susan Hendricks, Virginia Julie LaMothe, Areeba Kara, Joan Miller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the barriers and facilitators for interprofessional patient-centered rounding across 4 acute care units in a large urban hospital. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive method that included data gathered over an 18-month period was used. METHODS: Three data sources were included: participant observation of rounding activities, focused meetings related to interprofessional practice, and exit interviews with key informants representing multiple professions and roles...
July 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
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