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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225822/a-reconfiguration-of-the-sex-trade-how-social-and-structural-changes-in-eastern-zimbabwe-left-women-involved-in-sex-work-and-transactional-sex-more-vulnerable
#1
Jocelyn Elmes, Morten Skovdal, Kundai Nhongo, Helen Ward, Catherine Campbell, Timothy B Hallett, Constance Nyamukapa, Peter J White, Simon Gregson
Understanding the dynamic nature of sex work is important for explaining the course of HIV epidemics. While health and development interventions targeting sex workers may alter the dynamics of the sex trade in particular localities, little has been done to explore how large-scale social and structural changes, such as economic recessions-outside of the bounds of organizational intervention-may reconfigure social norms and attitudes with regards to sex work. Zimbabwe's economic collapse in 2009, following a period (2000-2009) of economic decline, within a declining HIV epidemic, provides a unique opportunity to study community perceptions of the impact of socio-economic upheaval on the sex trade...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217849/how-long-bones-grow-children-mechanistic-paths-to-variation-in-human-height-growth
#2
REVIEW
Michelle Lampl, Meriah Schoen
OBJECTIVES: Eveleth and Tanner's descriptive documentation of worldwide variability in human growth provided evidence of the interaction between genetics and environment during development that has been foundational to the science of human growth. There remains a need, however, to describe the mechanistic foundations of variability in human height growth patterns. METHODS: A review of research documenting cellular activities at the endochondral growth plate aims to show how the unique microenvironment and cell functions during the sequential phases of the chondrocyte lifecycle affect long bone elongation, a fundamental source of height growth...
February 20, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217575/working-as-a-family-physician-in-canada-and-portugal-how-different-is-it
#3
Ana Nunes Barata
BACKGROUND: The work of a family physician is quite different in each country, and if we consider different continents, differences are even more remarkable. Social and cultural contexts justify a particular organization, not only of the health-care system but also its providers as well. OBJECTIVES: By analyzing different health-care systems, new ideas may come about which may trigger positive changes in a health-care service to diminish healthcare disparities. METHODS: Description and comparison of the Primary Healthcare Service in Canada and Portugal...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215750/organizational-capacities-for-residential-care-homes-for-the-elderly-to-provide-culturally-appropriate-end-of-life-care-for-chinese-elders-and-their-families
#4
Sui-Ting Kong, Christine Meng-Sang Fang, Vivian Weiqun Lou
Developing culturally appropriate end-of-life care for Chinese elderly and families is not an endemic challenge for Hong Kong, but that of the Western countries with a noticeable trend of rising Chinese population. The particular development of Hong Kong healthcare system, which is currently the major provider of end-of-life care, makes Hong Kong a fruitful case for understanding the confluence of the West and the East cultures in end-of-life care practices. This study therefore aims at building our best practice to enhance the capacity of residential care homes in providing culturally appropriate end-of-life care...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215378/program-sustainability-hearing-loss-and-tinnitus-prevention-in-american-indian-communities
#5
William Hal Martin, Judith L Sobel, Susan E Griest, Linda C Howarth, Thomas M Becker
INTRODUCTION: An important goal of any health promotion effort is to have it maintained in delivery and effectiveness over time. The purpose of this study was to establish a community-based noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus prevention program in three different types of American Indian communities and evaluate them for evidence of long-term sustainability. METHODS: The target population was fourth- and fifth-grade students from three different models of American Indian communities...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213493/development-of-the-critical-care-pharmacotherapy-trials-network
#6
Seth R Bauer, Prasad E Abraham, Jeffrey F Barletta, Gretchen M Brophy, Brian L Erstad, Jeffrey P Gonzales, Curtis E Haas, Robert MacLaren, Eric W Mueller, Keith M Olsen, Ishaq Lat
PURPOSE: The development of the Critical Care Pharmacotherapy Trials Network (CCPTN) as a model for practice-based pharmacotherapy research is described. SUMMARY: The CCPTN was formed in 2010 as a collaborative research network dedicated to scientific investigation in the field of critical care pharmacotherapy. The CCPTN organizational structure is consistent with many professional pharmacy and interdisciplinary organizations and organized into 3 primary domains: executive committee, working committees, and network membership...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209280/community-level-inequalities-in-concussion-education-of-youth-football-coaches
#7
Emily Kroshus, Zachary Y Kerr, Joseph G L Lee
INTRODUCTION: USA Football has made the Heads Up Football (HUF) concussion education program available for coaches of youth football players. Existing evidence about the effectiveness of the HUF coach education program is equivocal. For HUF and other programs, there is growing concern that even effective interventions can increase inequalities if there is different uptake or impact by SES or other demographic factors. Understanding how adoption is patterned along these lines is important for understanding equity issues in youth football...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206841/stressors-and-protective-factors-among-veterinary-students-in-new-zealand
#8
Jenny F Weston, Dianne Gardner, Polly Yeung
A study was undertaken to investigate the stressors faced by veterinary students and the protective factors against those stressors. The study was conducted as a workshop during which students collaborated with their peers through an iterative process to identify personal and external factors that contributed to or protected against stress as a veterinary student, and then to suggest strategies that would protect their mental health and well-being. Workload and assessment were the most commonly reported stressors...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#9
Marina Nützi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206775/one-hundred-years-of-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-background-evolution-and-scientific-trends
#10
Steve W J Kozlowski, Gilad Chen, Eduardo Salas
To launch this Special Issue of the Journal of Applied Psychology celebrating the 1st century of the journal we conducted a review encompassing the background of the founding of the journal; a quantitative assessment of its evolution across the century; and an examination of trends examining article type, article length, authorship patterns, supplemental materials, and research support. The journal was founded in March of 1917 with hopeful optimism about the potential of psychology being applied to practical problems could enhance human happiness, well-being, and effectiveness...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206774/cross-cultural-industrial-organizational-psychology-and-organizational-behavior-a-hundred-year-journey
#11
Michele J Gelfand, Zeynep Aycan, Miriam Erez, Kwok Leung
In celebration of the anniversary of the Journal of Applied Psychology (JAP), we take a hundred-year journey to examine how the science of cross-cultural industrial/organizational psychology and organizational behavior (CCIO/OB) has evolved, both in JAP and in the larger field. We review broad trends and provide illustrative examples in the theoretical, methodological, and analytic advances in CCIO/OB during 4 main periods: the early years (1917-1949), the middle 20th century (1950-1979), the later 20th century (1980-2000), and the 21st century (2000 to the present)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205253/supporting-existential-care-with-protected-mealtimes-patients-experiences-of-a-mealtime-intervention-in-a-neurological-ward
#12
Malene Beck, Regner Birkelund, Ingrid Poulsen, Bente Martinsen
AIM: To explore the experiences of patients who were admitted to the neurological ward during an intervention - inspired by Protected Mealtime - that changed the traditional mealtime practice. BACKGROUND: Mealtimes are busy events in hospitals and patients are often interrupted by high-priority tasks (e.g., taking blood samples) while eating. Protected Mealtimes is a British concept that changes the organizational structure of mealtimes and provides a focus on the mealtime by ceasing all non-acute activities while patients are eating...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204870/development-of-evidence-based-practice-in-occupational-health-services-in-sweden-a-3-year-follow-up-of-attitudes-barriers-and-facilitators
#13
Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Teresia Nyman, Lydia Kwak, Akbar Alipour, Gunnar Bergström, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Ulric Hermansson, Irene Jensen
PURPOSE: The Swedish government initiated an investigation of how to secure and develop the competence of the occupational health services. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate whether the development of evidence-based practice (EBP) in the Swedish occupational health services in relation to attitudes, knowledge and use improved during the first 3 years of the government's initiative. METHODS: The study has a mixed methods design combining questionnaires and interviews with data collection at baseline and at 3-year follow-up...
February 15, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202155/-the-liability-of-newness-revisited-theoretical-restatement-and-empirical-testing-in-emergent-organizations
#14
Tiantian Yang, Howard E Aldrich
The mismatch between Stinchcombe's original propositions regarding "the liability of newness" and subsequent attempts to test those propositions suggests to us that the form and causes of the liability remain open to further investigation. Taking organizational emergence as a process comprising entrepreneurs engaging in actions that produce outcomes, we propose hypotheses about the social mechanisms of organizational construction involved in investing resources, developing routines, and maintaining boundaries...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202142/from-institutional-segmentation-to-market-fragmentation-institutional-transformation-and-the-shifting-stratification-order-in-urban-china
#15
Wei Zhao, Xueguang Zhou
Focusing on the changing roles of organizations, this study develops an institutional framework to examine the shifting stratification order since the mid-1990s in urban China. We argue that, after the mid-1990s, the Chinese state led a dual process of institutional transformation. On the one hand, the state dismantled the socialist redistributive system and broke down institutional segmentation based on organizational ownership and bureaucratic rank. On the other hand, the state developed different markets with various paces and strategies, resulting in fragmented market environments...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194883/understanding-process-and-context-in-breastfeeding-support-interventions-the-potential-of-qualitative-research
#16
Dawn Leeming, Joyce Marshall, Abigail Locke
Considerable effort has been made in recent years to gain a better understanding of the effectiveness of different interventions for supporting breastfeeding. However, research has tended to focus primarily on measuring outcomes and has paid comparatively little attention to the relational, organizational, and wider contextual processes that may impact delivery of an intervention. Supporting a woman with breastfeeding is an interpersonal encounter that may play out differently in different contexts, despite the apparently consistent aims and structure of an intervention...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193214/impacts-of-a-navigation-program-based-on-health-information-technology-for-patients-receiving-oral-anticancer-therapy-the-capri-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Chloé Gervès-Pinquié, Fatima Daumas-Yatim, Benoît Lalloué, Anne Girault, Marie Ferrua, Aude Fourcade, François Lemare, Mario Dipalma, Etienne Minvielle
BACKGROUND: The emergence of oral delivery in cancer therapeutics is expected to result in an increased need for better coordination between all treatment stakeholders, mainly to ensure adequate treatment delivery to the patient. There is significant interest in the nurse navigation program's potential to improve transitions of care by improving communication between treatment stakeholders and by providing personalized organizational assistance to patients. The use of health information technology is another strategy aimed at improving cancer care coordination that can be combined with the NN program to improve remote patient follow-up...
February 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191999/chronic-and-episodic-anger-and-gratitude-toward-the-organization-relationships-with-organizational-and-supervisor-supportiveness-and-extrarole-behavior
#18
Michael T Ford, Yanxia Wang, Jiafei Jin, Robert Eisenberger
Gratitude and anger represent 2 fundamental moral emotions in response to help or harm. Research suggests that individuals perceive organizations to have humanlike qualities and thus hold them responsible for helpful or harmful treatment. Given this line of reasoning, we hypothesized that workers direct gratitude toward their organizations in response to supportive treatment and anger toward their organizations in response to unsupportive treatment. Gratitude and anger, in turn, were expected to influence daily extrarole behavior...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187513/collaboration-to-accelerate-proteogenomics-cancer-care-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-department-of-defense-and-the-national-cancer-institute-s-applied-proteogenomics-organizational-and-learning-apollo-network
#19
L D Fiore, H Rodriguez, C D Shriver
The ability to interrogate cancer at the proteogenomic level has the potential to transform oncology care from trial-and-error treatment strategies based on the anatomy and genomic profiling of tumors to one that is precisely based on the tumor's molecular profile. The next step in the evolution of precision oncology is developing proteogenomic approaches that make no exclusive assumptions a priori as to the molecular level of the patient's disease. The DoD, VA, and NCI responded to the Cancer Moonshot initiative by linking each agency's unique capabilities in clinical and basic science, computing, and high-throughput sequencing...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186840/fertility-preservation-care-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer-an-inquiry-to-quantify-professionals-barriers
#20
Nikoletta Panagiotopoulou, Frederik W van Delft, Juliet P Hale, Jane A Stewart
PURPOSE: There is a growing interest in fertility preservation as emerging research is highlighting the prevalence of infertility among young cancer survivors and its negative impact on quality of life. Previous qualitative research has identified barriers of fertility preservation care among professionals. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of these barriers among pediatric and adolescent oncology healthcare professionals and evaluate factors that influence them. METHODS: Based on previously identified barriers and experts' input, a questionnaire was developed and sent to 88 professionals drawn from the multidisciplinary pediatric and adolescent oncology team of a large Principal Treatment Centre...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
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