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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756560/sexual-coercion-perpetration-and-victimization-gender-similarities-and-differences-in-adolescence
#1
Andrés A Fernández-Fuertes, Rodrigo J Carcedo, Begoña Orgaz, Antonio Fuertes
Sexual coercion is a worldwide health problem that endangers the well-being of those involved. In the same line of the most recent and comprehensive studies, this study sought to investigate the extent of sexual coercion, both perpetration and victimization, among male and female adolescents. Moreover, it jointly analyzed the predictive power of different variables that have been considered as useful to design preventive programs. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study, using proportional stratified cluster sampling, was performed and 1,242 Spanish adolescents (15-19 years old) were surveyed...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753137/perceptions-of-intersectional-stigma-among-diverse-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states
#2
Whitney S Rice, Carmen H Logie, Tessa M Napoles, Melonie Walcott, Abigail W Batchelder, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Gina M Wingood, Deborah J Konkle-Parker, Bulent Turan, Tracey E Wilson, Mallory O Johnson, Sheri D Weiser, Janet M Turan
Attitudes and behavior that devalue individuals based upon their HIV status (HIV-related stigma) are barriers to HIV prevention, treatment, and wellbeing among women living with HIV. Other coexisting forms of stigma (e.g., racism, sexism) may worsen the effects of HIV-related stigma, and may contribute to persistent racial and gendered disparities in HIV prevention and treatment. Few studies examine perceptions of intersectional stigma among women living with HIV. From June to December 2015, we conducted 76 qualitative interviews with diverse women living with HIV from varied socioeconomic backgrounds enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) in Birmingham, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Atlanta, Georgia; and San Francisco, California...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688162/black-us-college-women-s-strategies-of-sexual-self-protection
#3
Amarachi R Anakaraonye, Emily S Mann, Lucy Annang Ingram, Andrea K Henderson
While previous scholarship on the sexual practices of college students in the USA has explored how the co-constitution of whiteness, economic privilege and gender inequality are central to 'hooking up', less attention has been paid to how the sexual culture of predominantly white universities shape Black college women's sexual practices. In this article, we use an intersectional theoretical framework informed by Black feminism to analyse interviews with Black, cisgender, heterosexual women, aged 18-22, attending a university in the south-eastern USA...
April 24, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672081/transgender-people-of-color-s-experiences-of-sexual-objectification-locating-sexual-objectification-within-a-matrix-of-domination
#4
Mirella J Flores, Laurel B Watson, Luke R Allen, Mudiwa Ford, Christine R Serpe, Ping Ying Choo, Michelle Farrell
The purpose of this grounded theory study was to investigate transgender people of color's (TPOC's) sexual objectification experiences (SOEs). Fifteen TPOC were interviewed about their experiences with sexual objectification. Using intersectionality and objectification theories as our research paradigms, results suggested that participants' SOEs were shaped by the intersections of cissexism, sexism, and racism, and that participants experienced various levels of privilege and oppression based on their specific identities...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608325/discrimination-harassment-and-gendered-health-inequalities-do-perceptions-of-workplace-mistreatment-contribute-to-the-gender-gap-in-self-reported-health
#5
Catherine E Harnois, João L Bastos
This study examines the extent to which discrimination and harassment contribute to gendered health disparities. Analyzing data from the 2006, 2010, and 2014 General Social Surveys ( N = 3,724), we ask the following: (1) To what extent are perceptions of workplace gender discrimination and sexual harassment associated with self-reported mental and physical health? (2) How do multiple forms of workplace mistreatment (e.g., racism, ageism, and sexism) combine to structure workers' self-assessed health? and (3) To what extent do perceptions of mistreatment contribute to the gender gap in self-assessed health? Multivariate analyses show that among women, but not men, perceptions of workplace gender discrimination are negatively associated with poor mental health, and perceptions of sexual harassment are associated with poor physical health...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565624/intersectionality-in-psychotherapy-the-experiences-of-an-afrolatinx-queer-immigrant
#6
Hector Y Adames, Nayeli Y Chavez-Dueñas, Shweta Sharma, Martin J La Roche
Culturally responsive and racially conscious psychotherapeutic work requires that therapists recognize the ways clients are impacted by their multiple marginalized identities and by systems of oppression (e.g., racism, ethnocentrism, sexism, heterosexism, and nativism). Attending exclusively to clients' marginalized identities (i.e., weak intersectionality) may drive therapists to only focus on internal, subjective, and emotional experiences, hence, missing the opportunity to consider and address how multiple sociostructural dimensions (i...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543477/assessing-women-s-career-barriers-across-racial-ethnic-groups-the-perception-of-barriers-scale
#7
Young Hwa Kim, Karen M O'Brien
The purpose of the study was to examine the factor structure, measurement invariance, and psychometric properties of a commonly used measure of perceived career barriers (The Perception of Barriers Scale; Luzzo & McWhirter, 2001) with racially diverse college women. The results supported a 9-factor structure for the Perception of Barriers Scale; configural, metric, and scalar invariance for the 9-factors were found with Asian, African American, Latina, and White college women. All groups of women of color reported higher career barriers due to racism and higher educational barriers due to racial discrimination than White women...
March 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538513/-give-her-booze-and-she-ll-loosen-up-gender-violence-in-northeast-brazilian-forr%C3%A3-lyrics-and-parties
#8
Aline Veras Morais Brilhante, Marilyn Kay Nations, Ana Maria Fontenelle Catrib
Violence against women is primarily a socially produced issue of gender-hierarchy cultural values. This study aimed to unveil the meanings assigned to sexual violence against women in the forró lyrics by adolescent boys living on the outskirts of Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. Our point of departure was ethnomusicology, the theory of which contends that studies of regional songs and their performances transcend the geographic space in which they are performed, to the extent that they reflect universally disseminated practices in the legitimation of violence...
March 8, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518275/attributions-of-victim-blame-in-stranger-and-acquaintance-rape-a-quantitative-study
#9
Sofia Persson, Katie Dhingra, Sarah Grogan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To, on a sample of nurses and the general public, examine whether victim blame varies according to level of familiarly between victim and perpetrator. It also examines how Ambivalent Sexism and Rape Myth Acceptance impact on this. BACKGROUND: Around one in five women will be victims of sexual assault during their lifetime. The majority are acquaintance rapes, and these victims are generally attributed more blame than victims of stranger rape...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517258/the-moral-standing-of-animals-towards-a-psychology-of-speciesism
#10
Lucius Caviola, Jim A C Everett, Nadira S Faber
We introduce and investigate the philosophical concept of 'speciesism' -the assignment of different moral worth based on species membership -as a psychological construct. In five studies, using both general population samples online and student samples, we show that speciesism is a measurable, stable construct with high interpersonal differences, that goes along with a cluster of other forms of prejudice, and is able to predict real-world decision-making and behavior. In Study 1 we present the development and empirical validation of a theoretically driven Speciesism Scale, which captures individual differences in speciesist attitudes...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315326/justifying-gender-discrimination-in-the-workplace-the-mediating-role-of-motherhood-myths
#11
Catherine Verniers, Jorge Vala
The issue of gender equality in employment has given rise to numerous policies in advanced industrial countries, all aimed at tackling gender discrimination regarding recruitment, salary and promotion. Yet gender inequalities in the workplace persist. The purpose of this research is to document the psychosocial process involved in the persistence of gender discrimination against working women. Drawing on the literature on the justification of discrimination, we hypothesized that the myths according to which women's work threatens children and family life mediates the relationship between sexism and opposition to a mother's career...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299348/bystander-programs-accommodating-or-derailing-sexism
#12
Adam Reid, Lauren Dundes
Bystander programs implemented to meet federal requirements to reduce sexual assaults on college campuses in the United States must include primary prevention. Survey data ( n = 280) and interview data ( n = 20) presented in this paper explore students' hypothetical and actual willingness to intervene as bystanders. Although most students surveyed (57%) claim they would be very likely to intervene, fewer than half would be very suspicious of someone leading away an intoxicated individual at a party (45% of women and 28% of men: p < 0...
December 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294990/perceptions-of-psychological-abuse-the-role-of-perpetrator-gender-victim-s-response-and-sexism
#13
Nicole M Capezza, Lauren A D'Intino, Margaret A Flynn, Ximena B Arriaga
It is commonly assumed that male abuse is more damaging than female abuse, just as it previously has been assumed that physical abuse is more harmful than psychological abuse. We sought to examine gender assumptions given that they may cause people to overlook the harm that men experience with a psychologically abusive partner. The current experiment compared perceptions of male and female perpetrators of psychological abuse, and examined whether gendered perceptions were affected by sexist beliefs or participants' own sex...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294924/an-empirical-exploration-into-the-measurement-of-rape-culture
#14
Nicole L Johnson, Dawn M Johnson
Feminist scholars have long argued the presence of a "rape culture" within the United States; however, limited efforts have been made to quantify this construct. A model of rape culture was first proposed in 1980 and expanded in the 1990s in an effort to quantify rape myth acceptance. This model posits that five underlying components make up a rape culture: traditional gender roles, sexism, adversarial sexual beliefs, hostility toward women, and acceptance of violence. Although these components are proposed as cultural phenomenon and thus distinct from individually held beliefs, they have been exclusively explored on an individual level...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294885/intimate-partner-violence-and-controlling-behavior-among-male-same-sex-relationships-in-china-relationship-with-ambivalent-sexism
#15
Diandian Li, Lijun Zheng
In this study, we examined intimate partner violence (IPV), cold violence, and controlling behaviors in male same-sex relationships in China, with a focus on the characteristics of IPV and controlling behaviors, and their relationships with ambivalent sexism. IPV was categorized as psychological aggression, physical injury, physical assault, and sexual coercion and was measured using the revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2), an eight-item scale measuring cold violence that was designed specifically for this study...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294802/attributing-responsibility-sexist-attitudes-perceived-social-support-and-self-esteem-in-aggressors-convicted-for-gender-based-violence
#16
Mónica Guerrero-Molina, Juan Manuel Moreno-Manso, Eloísa Guerrero-Barona, Beatriz Cruz-Márquez
This work analyzes how the assumption of responsibility by aggressors convicted for gender-based violence is related to sexist attitudes, self-esteem and perceived functional social support. Similarly, the predictive capacity of these variables is studied with respect to the aggressors' minimization of the harm done and a lack of attributing responsibility to themselves. The participants in the research were males condemned to prison sentences for crimes related with gender-based violence in Spain. The instruments applied were the Attribution of Responsibility and Minimization of Harm Scale, the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), the Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ), and the Social Desirability Scale (SDS)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294750/alcohol-use-hostile-sexism-and-religious-self-regulation-investigating-risk-and-protective-factors-of-ipv-perpetration
#17
Kellie R Lynch, Claire M Renzetti
Research suggests that the relationship between alcohol use and intimate partner violence (IPV) is moderated by a range of other factors. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between alcohol use, hostile sexism, and religious self-regulation with perpetration. Using a national sample of 255 men, we found that hostile sexism was associated with physical violence toward a partner and alcohol use was positively associated with psychological abuse toward a partner. With regard to religious self-regulation, we found that introjected religious self-regulation was positively associated with hostile sexism and positively associated with perpetrating physical IPV...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294698/more-likely-to-dropout-but-what-if-they-don-t-partner-violence-offenders-with-alcohol-abuse-problems-completing-batterer-intervention-programs
#18
Marisol Lila, Enrique Gracia, Alba Catalá-Miñana
There is general consensus that alcohol abuse is a risk factor to be considered in batterer intervention programs. Intimate partner violence perpetrators with alcohol abuse problems are more likely to dropout of batterer intervention programs. However, there is little research on intimate partner violence perpetrators with alcohol abuse problems completing batterer intervention programs. In this study, we analyze drop-out rates among perpetrators with alcohol abuse problems and explore whether perpetrators with alcohol abuse problems completing a batterer intervention program differ from those who do not have alcohol abuse problems in a number of outcomes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241964/george-macaulay-a-short-biography-and-his-place-in-the-history-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#19
REVIEW
Paul S Cullis, Carl Davis
George Macaulay (1716-1766) was a Scot admired for his work as an obstetric physician, philanthropist, author, and feminist, but whom history has largely forgotten. In a time rampant with misogyny, Macaulay empathized with women, discouraged sexism within institutions, and contributed to the training of midwives. He spent much of his career working at the British Lying-in Hospital in London. Perhaps most importantly, he worked tirelessly for this hospital, contributed to various medical innovations, and reported several medical cases throughout his career, including that of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, almost a century before the anatomist whose eponymous name it bears...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230069/value-based-standards-guide-sexism-inferences-for-self-and-others
#20
Chelsea Mitamura, Lynnsey Erickson, Patricia G Devine
People often disagree about what constitutes sexism, and these disagreements can be both socially and legally consequential. It is unclear, however, why or how people come to different conclusions about whether something or someone is sexist. Previous research on judgments about sexism has focused on the perceiver's gender and attitudes, but neither of these variables identifies comparative standards that people use to determine whether any given behavior (or person) is sexist. Extending Devine and colleagues' values framework (Devine, Monteith, Zuwerink, & Elliot, 1991; Plant & Devine, 1998), we argue that, when evaluating others' behavior, perceivers rely on the morally-prescriptive values that guide their own behavior toward women...
September 2017: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
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