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Sexism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713297/a-multiple-identity-approach-to-gender-identification-with-women-identification-with-feminists-and-their-interaction
#1
Jolien A van Breen, Russell Spears, Toon Kuppens, Soledad de Lemus
Across four studies, we examine multiple identities in the context of gender and propose that women's attitudes toward gender group membership are governed by two largely orthogonal dimensions of gender identity: identification with women and identification with feminists. We argue that identification with women reflects attitudes toward the content society gives to group membership: what does it mean to be a woman in terms of group characteristics, interests and values? Identification with feminists, on the other hand, is a politicized identity dimension reflecting attitudes toward the social position of the group: what does it mean to be a woman in terms of disadvantage, inequality, and relative status? We examine the utility of this multiple identity approach in four studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706076/academia-needs-to-confront-sexism
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682342/sexism-flagging-gender-bias-doesn-t-always-work
#3
Greta Faccio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632089/older-lesbians-receiving-home-care-formal-and-informal-dimensions-of-caregiving
#4
Sandra S Butler
Older lesbians face the triple jeopardy of ageism, sexism, and heterosexism, and their experiences are largely invisible. This qualitative, exploratory study examines the formal and informal caregiving experiences of 20 lesbians, 65 and older, who had utilized home care services due to acute illness or chronic disabilities. Half of those not partnered reported some level of isolation from support networks. Nearly all study participants eventually found home care workers with whom they were satisfied and even quite connected...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609168/forever-young-visual-representations-of-gender-and-age-in-online-dating-sites-for-older-adults
#5
Ateret Gewirtz-Meydan, Liat Ayalon
Online dating has become increasingly popular among older adults following broader social media adoption patterns. The current study examined the visual representations of people on 39 dating sites intended for the older population, with a particular focus on the visualization of the intersection between age and gender. All 39 dating sites for older adults were located through the Google search engine. Visual thematic analysis was performed with reference to general, non-age-related signs (e.g., facial expression, skin color), signs of aging (e...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598534/-very-much-in-love-the-letters-of-magda-arnold-and-father-john-gasson
#6
Elissa N Rodkey
Magda Arnold (1903-2002), best known for her pioneering appraisal theory of emotion, belonged to the second generation of women in psychology who frequently experienced institutional sexism and career barriers. Following her religious conversion, Arnold had to contend with the additional challenge of being an openly Catholic woman in psychology at a time when Catholic academics were stigmatized. This paper announces the discovery of and relies upon a number of previously unknown primary sources on Magda Arnold, including approximately 150 letters exchanged by Arnold and Father John Gasson...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547745/medical-students-and-professional-anatomists-do-not-perceive-gender-bias-within-imagery-featuring-anatomy
#7
Susan Morgan, Odile Plaisant, Baptiste Lignier, Bernard J Moxham
Previous studies suggest that, while both medical students and professional anatomists recognise the importance of gender issues and do not wish to associate with sexism, most are unaware of the possible negative aspects of sexism within anatomy (Morgan et al., 2014, 2016). To further investigate these issue, we provided second year medical students at Cardiff University (n=293) and at the University of Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité (n= 142) and professional anatomists in Europe (n= 208) with a questionnaire inviting them to address the possibility that gender factors within anatomical imagery (both historical and contemporary) hinder the dispassionate representation of anatomy...
May 25, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497985/examining-medical-student-specialty-choice-through-a-gender-lens-an-orientational-qualitative-study
#8
Victoria Smith, Cheri Bethune, Katrina F Hurley
Phenomenon: A growing number of women are entering the medical workforce, yet their distribution across medical specialties remains nonuniform. We sought to describe how culture, bias, and socialization shape gendered thinking regarding specialty choice at a Canadian undergraduate medical institution. APPROACH: We analyzed transcripts from the Career Choices Project: 16 semistructured focus group discussions with 70 students graduating from Memorial University of Newfoundland in 2003, 2006, 2007, and 2008...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492058/sexism-in-medicine-circa-2016-2017
#9
EDITORIAL
Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488264/the-primacy-of-discourse-in-the-study-of-gender-in-family-therapy
#10
Olga Sutherland, Andrea LaMarre, Carla Rice
Family therapists and scholars increasingly adopt poststructural and postmodern conceptions of social reality, challenging the notion of stable, universal dynamics within family members and families and favoring a view of reality as produced through social interaction. In the study of gender and diversity, many envision differences as social constructed rather than as "residing" in people or groups. There is a growing interest in discourse or people's everyday use of language and how it may reflect and advance interests of dominant groups in a society...
May 10, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484013/preferences-for-group-dominance-track-and-mediate-the-effects-of-macro-level-social-inequality-and-violence-across-societies
#11
Jonas R Kunst, Ronald Fischer, Jim Sidanius, Lotte Thomsen
Whether and how societal structures shape individual psychology is a foundational question of the social sciences. Combining insights from evolutionary biology, economy, and the political and psychological sciences, we identify a central psychological process that functions to sustain group-based hierarchies in human societies. In study 1, we demonstrate that macrolevel structural inequality, impaired population outcomes, socio-political instability, and the risk of violence are reflected in the endorsement of group hegemony at the aggregate population level across 27 countries (n = 41,824): The greater the national inequality, the greater is the endorsement of between-group hierarchy within the population...
May 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470773/new-sexism-in-couple-therapy-a-discursive-analysis
#12
Olga Sutherland, Andrea LaMarre, Carla Rice, Laura Hardt, Amanda Le Couteur
The persistence of gender inequality in postindustrial societies is puzzling in light of a plethora of changes that destabilize it, including shifts in economy, legislation, and the proliferation of feminist politics. In family relations, such persistence manifests as a disconnect between couples aspiring to be more egalitarian yet continuing to enact traditional gender roles and hierarchies. There is an emerging consensus that gender inequality persists because of people's continued reliance on sexist ideology or gendered assumptions that constitute women as innately distinct from and inferior to men...
May 4, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466538/judging-the-gender-of-the-inanimate-benevolent-sexism-and-gender-stereotypes-guide-impressions-of-physical-objects
#13
Benjamin R Meagher
Within a given culture, sexist ideologies and stereotypes are largely characterized by their prescriptive expectations for the types of social and behavioural domains men and women occupy. The activities that take place within these respective domains, however, frequently involve designed, physical artefacts. This study reports a pair of studies that test whether sexist schemas are capable of guiding not only impressions of men and women as social groups, but also their impressions of the inanimate objects associated with these groups...
May 2, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445214/teaching-the-social-determinants-of-health-a-path-to-equity-or-a-road-to-nowhere
#14
Malika Sharma, Andrew D Pinto, Arno K Kumagai
Medical schools are increasingly called to include social responsibility in their mandates. As such, they are focusing their attention on the social determinants of health (SDOH) as key drivers in the health of the patients and communities they serve. However, underlying this emphasis on SDOH is the assumption that teaching medical students about SDOH will lead future physicians to take action to help achieve health equity. There is little evidence to support this belief. In many ways, the current approach to SDOH within medical education positions the SDOH as "facts to be known" rather than as "conditions to be challenged and changed...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408891/video-games-exposure-and-sexism-in-a-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#15
Laurent Bègue, Elisa Sarda, Douglas A Gentile, Clementine Bry, Sebastian Roché
Research has indicated that many video games are saturated with stereotypes of women and that these contents may cultivate sexism. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between video game exposure and sexism for the first time in a large and representative sample. Our aim was also to measure the strength of this association when two other significant and well-studied sources of sexism, television exposure and religiosity, were also included in a multivariate model. A representative sample of 13520 French youth aged 11-19 years completed a survey measuring weekly video game and television exposure, religiosity, and sexist attitudes toward women...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356612/contact-with-counter-stereotypical-women-predicts-less-sexism-less-rape-myth-acceptance-less-intention-to-rape-in-men-and-less-projected-enjoyment-of-rape-in-women
#16
Miriam Taschler, Keon West
Intergroup contact-(positive) interactions with people from different social groups-is a widely researched and strongly supported prejudice-reducing mechanism shown to reduce prejudice against a wide variety of outgroups. However, no known previous research has investigated whether intergroup contact can also reduce sexism against women. Sexism has an array of negative outcomes. One of the most detrimental and violent ones is rape, which is both justified and downplayed by rape myth acceptance. We hypothesised that more frequent, higher quality contact with counter-stereotypical women would predict lower levels of sexism and thus less rape myth acceptance (in men) and less sexualised projected responses to rape (in women)...
2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339353/relationships-between-ambivalent-sexism-and-the-five-moral-foundations-in-domestic-violence-is-it-a-matter-of-fairness-and-authority
#17
Maria L Vecina, Raul Piñuela
Ambivalent sexism has served to justify and maintain patriarchy and traditional gender roles characterized by inequality and male domination in the intimate partner violence (IPV) literature; according to the Moral Foundation Theory (MFT) there are two specific moral foundations related to inequality and domination: fairness and authority. We connect these separate fields arguing that sexist attitudes can be related to specific patterns of endorsement of the five moral foundations. Our hypothesis is that ambivalent sexism in men convicted of violence against the partner may be rooted in at least these two moral foundations, and that at least these two moral foundations may also serve to predict intention to change the violent behavior against the partner...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300281/moral-hard-wiring-and-moral-enhancement
#18
Ingmar Persson, Julian Savulescu
We have argued for an urgent need for moral bioenhancement; that human moral psychology is limited in its ability to address current existential threats due to the evolutionary function of morality to maximize cooperation in small groups. We address here Powell and Buchanan's novel objection that there is an 'inclusivist anomaly': humans have the capacity to care beyond in-groups. They propose that 'exclusivist' (group-based) morality is sensitive to environmental cues that historically indicated out-group threat...
March 16, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299587/how-sex-selection-undermines-reproductive-autonomy
#19
Tamara Kayali Browne
Non-medical sex selection is premised on the notion that the sexes are not interchangeable. Studies of individuals who undergo sex selection for non-medical reasons, or who have a preference for a son or daughter, show that they assume their child will conform to the stereotypical roles and norms associated with their sex. However, the evidence currently available has not succeeded in showing that the gender traits and inclinations sought are caused by a "male brain" or a "female brain". Therefore, as far as we know, there is no biological reason why parents cannot have the kind of parenting experience they seek with a child of any sex...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186861/stigma-by-prejudice-transfer-racism-threatens-white-women-and-sexism-threatens-men-of-color
#20
Diana T Sanchez, Kimberly E Chaney, Sara K Manuel, Leigh S Wilton, Jessica D Remedios
In the current research, we posited the stigma-by-prejudice-transfer effect, which proposes that stigmatized group members (e.g., White women) are threatened by prejudice that is directed at other stigmatized group members (e.g., African Americans) because they believe that prejudice has monolithic qualities. While most stigma researchers assume that there is a direct correspondence between the attitude of prejudiced individuals and the targets (i.e., sexism affects women, racism affects racial minorities), the five studies reported here demonstrate that White women can be threatened by racism (Study 1, 3, 4, and 5) and men of color by sexism (Study 2)...
April 2017: Psychological Science
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