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Cultural ageism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912854/immune-to-ageism-men-s-perceptions-of-age-based-discrimination-in-everyday-contexts
#1
Hanna Ojala, Ilkka Pietilä, Pirjo Nikander
Despite long-term, conceptually and theoretically refined discussions, the phenomenon of ageism still remains empirically under-developed. To better understand the diversity of ageism, its contextual variations and gender-specific dynamics in people's daily lives, this study focuses on how different interactional contexts shape men's perceptions of ageism. Using data from 67 thematic personal interviews with 23 middle and working class men aged 50-70, this study contributes to the sorely lacking, empirically based and nuanced understanding of how ageism is experienced, and adds to the research on the internalization of ageism which to date has primarily focused on older women's experiences...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732524/perspectives-of-lgbtq-older-adults-on-aging-in-place-a-qualitative-investigation
#2
Jennifer M Boggs, Jennifer Dickman Portz, Diane K King, Leslie A Wright, Kenneth Helander, Jessica H Retrum, Wendolyn S Gozansky
This qualitative study conducted by a community-research partnership used multiple types of data collection to examine variables relevant for LGBTQ older adults who wished to age in place in their urban Denver neighborhood. Focus groups, interviews, and a town hall meeting were used to identify barriers and supports to aging in place. Participants (N = 73) primarily identified as lesbian or gay, aged 50-69, and lived with a partner. Ageism, heterosexism, and/or cisgenderism emerged as cross-cutting themes that negatively impact access to healthcare, housing, social support, home assistance and legal services...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601889/ageism-in-belgium-and-burundi-a-comparative-analysis
#3
Manon Marquet, Pierre Missotten, Sarah Schroyen, Desiderate Nindaba, Stéphane Adam
BACKGROUND: Recent cross-cultural comparisons between Asian and Western cultures have shown that ageism arises more from the lack of availability of social and economic resources for older adults than from the culture itself. We tested this assumption by conducting a survey among people living in a least developed country compared with those living in a developed country. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven Belgians living in Belgium, 29 Burundians living in Belgium, and 32 Burundians living in Burundi were included in this study...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374765/are-asian-cultures-really-less-ageist-than-western-ones-it-depends-on-the-questions-asked
#4
Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Katja Hanke, Li-Li Huang, Dominic Abrams
Ageism is an increasing concern in ageing populations such as Asia and Europe. A prevalent assumption in psychology is that Eastern cultures may be less prone to ageism because of norms and values that honour and respect elders. Yet, evidence for this culture hypothesis is inconclusive. The current study examines this issue by comparing attitudes towards older people in an Eastern and Western samples of 184 young people from the UK and 249 from Taiwan. Attitudes to old age were measured both as meta-perceptions (the perceived normative context) and personal attitudes in regard to the cognitive, affective and behavioural components of ageism...
July 4, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227158/intragroup-stigma-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-data-extraction-from-craigslist-ads-in-11-cities-in-the-united-states
#5
Tamar Goldenberg, Dhrutika Vansia, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) regularly experience homophobic discrimination and stigma. While previous research has examined homophobic and HIV-related intergroup stigma originating from non-MSM directed at MSM, less is known about intragroup stigma originating from within MSM communities. While some research has examined intragroup stigma, this research has focused mostly on HIV-related stigma. Intragroup stigma may have a unique influence on sexual risk-taking behaviors as it occurs between sexual partners...
January 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034325/sexual-assault-and-justice-for-older-women-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#6
Bianca Fileborn
This article provides a critical review of current literature on the sexual assault of older women-including an exploration of the specific features and emotional and physical impacts of older women's experiences-and highlights current gaps and future directions for research, practice, and theory. A review of the literature indicates that older women constitute only a small proportion of victim/survivors. However, there is evidence to suggest that existing research underestimates the extent of this issue. Older women face particular barriers to disclosure and accessing the justice system, resulting in their experiences remaining hidden...
March 31, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981336/mediating-and-moderating-effects-in-ageism-and-depression-among-the-korean-elderly-the-roles-of-emotional-reactions-and-coping-reponses
#7
Il-Ho Kim, Samuel Noh, Heeran Chun
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the relationship between ageism and depression, exploring the stress-mediating and stress-moderating roles of emotional reactions and coping behaviors. METHODS: Data were from the 2013 Ageism and Health Study (n = 816), a cross-sectional survey of urban and rural community-dwelling seniors aged 60-89 years in South Korea. Participants with at least one experience of ageism reported on their emotional reactions and coping responses...
February 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691301/attitudes-toward-older-adults-a-matter-of-cultural-values-or-personal-values
#8
Xin Zhang, Cai Xing, Yanjun Guan, Xuan Song, Robert Melloy, Fei Wang, Xiaoyu Jin
The current research aimed to address the inconsistent findings regarding cultural differences in attitudes toward older adults by differentiating the effects of personal and cultural values. In Study 1, we used data from the sixth wave of the World Values Survey to examine attitudes toward older adults across cultures, and how different personal values (i.e., communal vs. agentic) and cultural values (i.e., individualism) predicted these attitudes. The results of hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed that after controlling for potential covariates, personal communal values positively correlated with positive attitudes toward older adults; however, cultural individualistic values did not...
February 2016: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26391187/the-effect-of-social-and-cultural-factors-on-ageism-examination-of-the-dual-process-motivational-model-of-ideology-politics-and-prejudice
#9
Israel Doron, Hanna Kafka
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to examine the applicability of the Dual-Process Model of Ideology, Politics, and Prejudice (DPM) as a theoretical explanatory frame-work to ageism. METHODS: The study is based on a secondary analysis of the European Social Survey (ESS), a quantitative project established in 2001 that includes 34 European countries. The sample was a representative random sample of the adult population of eight participating countries, and included a total of 19,073 participants...
2015: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26273027/-old-oxen-cannot-plow-stereotype-themes-of-older-adults-in-turkish-folklore
#10
Justin Marcus, Neslihan Sabuncu
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Although much research has established the nature of attitudes and stereotypes toward older adults, there are conflicting explanations for the root cause of ageism, including the sociocultural view and interpersonal views, that age bias against older adults is uniquely a product of modernity and occurs through social interactions, and the evolutionary view and intraindividual views, that age bias against older adults is rooted in our naturally occurring and individually held fear of death...
August 13, 2015: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26243326/advertising-representations-of-older-people-in-the-united-kingdom-and-taiwan-a-comparative-analysis
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Chin-Hui Chen
Cross-cultural studies of advertising representations of older people are relatively scarce. This article aims to fill in this gap via a comparison between Taiwan and the United Kingdom, employing a combination of quantitative content analysis and the qualitative grounded theory method. The content-analysis phase reveals underrepresentation of older people in both countries' advertising contexts, as well as representational differences between Taiwan and the United Kingdom in terms of older characters' role salience, the products, physical settings, and social networks they are associated with...
January 2015: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26232189/-health-care-professionals-attitudes-and-beliefs-towards-older-back-pain-patients-analysis-of-the-assessment-methods-and-research-gaps
#12
M Laekeman, C Leonhardt
In recent years, the influence of doctors' and therapists' attitudes and beliefs for the treatment of chronic low back pain patients has been increasingly investigated. Attitudes and beliefs of health care providers have been identified as important contributors for an activity based, guideline-oriented therapeutic approach and different questionnaires were developed to evaluate this interaction. Recent reviews discuss the quality of those questionnaires as well as the impact of attitudes towards therapeutic choices and activity recommendations by health care professionals...
August 2015: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26191955/modern-attitudes-toward-older-adults-in-the-aging-world-a-cross-cultural-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Michael S North, Susan T Fiske
Prevailing beliefs suggest that Eastern cultures hold older adults in higher esteem than Western cultures do, due to stronger collectivist traditions of filial piety. However, in modern, industrialized societies, the strain presented by dramatic rises in population aging potentially threatens traditional cultural expectations. Addressing these competing hypotheses, a literature search located 37 eligible papers, comprising samples from 23 countries and 21,093 total participants, directly comparing Easterners and Westerners (as classified per U...
September 2015: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26161525/hearing-loss-communicating-with-the-patient-who-is-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing
#14
Michael M McKee, Christopher Moreland, Samuel R Atcherson, Philip Zazove
Hearing loss impairs health care communication and adversely affects patient satisfaction, treatment adherence, and use of health services. Hearing loss is the third most common chronic health condition among older patients after hypertension and arthritis, but only 15% to 18% of older adults are screened for hearing loss during health maintenance examinations. Patients with hearing loss may be reluctant to disclose it because of fear of ageism, perceptions of disability, and vanity. Lipreading and note writing often are ineffective ways to communicate with deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) patients who use American Sign Language; use of medical sign language interpreters is preferred...
July 2015: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25801518/-growing-old-differently-transdisciplinary-perspective
#15
H-P Zimmermann
Growing old differently: the phrase is intended to call something other to mind than merely the fact that images and forms of old age and aging have multiplied and diversified to an enormous extent. The suggestion put forward here is that otherness (as opposed to mere differences) should be positively reinforced. In other words, it is not just a matter of noting different forms of old age and aging but more than this, of seeking out opportunities for aging differently. In order to explore this, the article follows an older strand of theory, which has recently come to be frequently quoted in gerontology: the phenomenology of difference as reasoned analytically by Lévinas and Sartre and applied to gerontology by Améry and de Beauvoir...
April 2015: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25735470/active-ageing-realising-its-potential
#16
Alan Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25471745/influence-of-nurses-knowledge-of-ageing-and-attitudes-towards-older-people-on-therapeutic-interactions-in-emergency-care-a-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Debra Deasey, Ashley Kable, Sarah Jeong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this literature review was to determine nurses' knowledge and understanding of the ageing process and attitudes towards older people in emergency care settings. METHODS: Primary research publications about emergency nurses' attitudes towards and knowledge about older people were sought in six databases and Google. RESULTS: Sixteen articles were reviewed, including seven cross-sectional surveys, seven qualitative studies and two mixed-methods studies...
December 2014: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25456619/aging-and-masculinity-portrayals-in-men-s-magazines
#18
Laura Hurd Clarke, Erica V Bennett, Chris Liu
Textual and visual representations of age are instructive as they suggest ideals towards which individuals should strive and influence how we perceive age. The purpose of our study was to investigate textual and visual representations of later life in the advertisements and interest stories of six widely read North American male-oriented magazines (namely, Esquire, GQ, Maxim, Men's Health, Men's Journal, and Zoomer). Through a content analysis and a visual textual analysis, we examined how older men were depicted in the magazine images and accompanying texts...
December 2014: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25079218/the-rules-of-implicit-evaluation-by-race-religion-and-age
#19
Jordan R Axt, Charles R Ebersole, Brian A Nosek
The social world is stratified. Social hierarchies are known but often disavowed as anachronisms or unjust. Nonetheless, hierarchies may persist in social memory. In three studies (total N > 200,000), we found evidence of social hierarchies in implicit evaluation by race, religion, and age. Participants implicitly evaluated their own racial group most positively and the remaining racial groups in accordance with the following hierarchy: Whites > Asians > Blacks > Hispanics. Similarly, participants implicitly evaluated their own religion most positively and the remaining religions in accordance with the following hierarchy: Christianity > Judaism > Hinduism or Buddhism > Islam...
September 2014: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24942971/subjective-social-status-of-older-people-across-countries-the-role-of-modernization-and-employment
#20
Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Sibila Marques, Maria L Lima, Christopher Bratt, Hannah J Swift, Dominic Abrams
OBJECTIVES: To test and expand upon modernization theory's account of subjective social status (SSS) of older people in society. It was hypothesized that perceptions of older people's social status should be higher in more modernized countries and that the proportion of older people in employment should moderate the relationship between modernization and SSS of older people. METHODS: Data were from the "Experiences and Expressions of Ageism" module in the fourth round of the European Social Survey...
July 2015: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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