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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230305/changes-needed-to-medicine-in-the-uk-before-senior-uk-trained-doctors-working-outside-the-uk-will-return-questionnaire-surveys-undertaken-between-2004-and-2015
#1
Trevor W Lambert, Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre
Objective: To report the changes to UK medicine which doctors who have emigrated tell us would increase their likelihood of returning to a career in UK medicine. Design: Questionnaire survey. Setting: UK-trained medical graduates. Participants: Questionnaires were sent 11 years after graduation to 7158 doctors who qualified in 1993 and 1996 in the UK: 4763 questionnaires were returned. Questionnaires were sent 17 and 19 years after graduation to the same cohorts: 4554 questionnaires were returned...
December 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229012/mixed-methods-quantitative-qualitative-study-of-29-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-in-rural-southern-italy-focus-on-positive-psychological-traits
#2
Anna Scelzo, Salvatore Di Somma, Paola Antonini, Lori P Montross, Nicholas Schork, David Brenner, Dilip V Jeste
OBJECTIVE: This was a study of positive psychological traits in a group of rural Italians aged 90 to 101 years, and their children or other family members. DESIGN: Mixed-methods quantitative (standardized rating scales) and qualitative (semi-structured interviews) study. SETTING: Study participants' homes in nine villages in the Cilento region of southern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine nonagenarians and centenarians and 51 family members aged 51-75 years, selected by their general practitioners as a part of a larger study called CIAO (Cilento Initiative on Aging Outcomes)...
December 12, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221536/exploration-of-global-health-careers-across-the-medical-fields
#3
Ernest Barthélemy, Vanessa Mallol, Alisse Hannaford, Christian Pean, Rehema Kutua, Christopher de Haydu, Natasha Anandaraja, Ramin Asgary, Ebrahim Elahi, Braden Hexom, Philip Landrigan, Taraneh Shirazian, Craig Katz
BACKGROUND: Despite expansion of interest among American medical students in global health (GH), academic medical centers face multiple obstacles to the development of structured GH curricula and career guidance. To meet these demands we sought to provide a systematic analysis of the accounts of GH experts. METHODS: We developed a collaborative, interview-based, qualitative analysis of GH experiences across six career-related themes that are relevant to medical students interested in GH: justification, medical education, economics, research prospects, law and ethics, and work-life balance...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211046/building-based-analysis-of-the-spatial-provision-of-urban-parks-in-shenzhen-china
#4
Wenxiu Gao, Qiang Lyu, Xiang Fan, Xiaochun Yang, Jiangtao Liu, Xirui Zhang
Urban parks provide important environmental, social, and economic benefits to people and urban areas. The literature demonstrates that proximity to urban parks is one of the key factors influencing people's willingness to use them. Therefore, the provision of urban parks near residential areas and workplaces is one of the key factors influencing quality of life. This study designed a solution based on the spatial association between urban parks and buildings where people live or work to identify whether people in different buildings have nearby urban parks available for their daily lives...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209095/life-role-salience-and-subjective-well-being-among-macedonian-employees-does-family-supportive-organization-perception-moderate-this-relationship
#5
Biljana Blaževska Stoilkovska, Orhideja Šurbanovska, Ana Fritzhand, Tatjana Stojanoska Ivanova
OBJECTIVES: As many studies have shown, one of the most important tendencies of employees nowadays is to achieve work- life balance. Organizations should develop various activities and create supportive climate, within the framework of which employees will have opportunities to realize aforementioned goals which in turn would increase work productivity and work motivation. The aim of this paper was to examine how subjective well-being (life satisfaction and exhaustion) is associated with commitment to work and family roles under the conditions of strongly and weakly perceived organizational support for family life among health care professionals, teachers and bankers in Macedonia...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207561/cross-national-differences-in-psychosocial-factors-of-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-india-and-japan
#6
REVIEW
Mizuki Takegata, Yukiko Ohashi, Anisha Lazarus, Toshinori Kitamura
Perinatal depression is prevalent worldwide. However, there are few available studies that discuss the different cultural factors affecting perinatal depression within Asian countries. This study aims to compare the literature regarding related factors relating to perinatal depression in India and Japan, and to synthesize the evidence common to both countries in addition to the country-specific evidence. We conducted a systematic review using several databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, Pubmed, Ovid, SCOPUS, IndMED, and ICHUSI)...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196079/burnout-moral-distress-work-life-balance-and-career-satisfaction-among-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-professionals
#7
Joyce L Neumann, Lih-Wen Mau, Sanya Virani, Ellen M Denzen, Deborah A Boyle, Nancy J Boyle, Jane Dabney, Alexandra De KeselLofthus, Marion Kalbacker, Tippu Khan, Navneet S Majhail, Elizabeth A Murphy, Pamela Paplham, Leslie Parran, Miguel-Angel Perales, Todd H Rockwood, Kim Schmit-Pokorny, Tait D Shanafelt, Elaine Stenstrup, William A Wood, Linda J Burns
BACKGROUND: A projected shortage of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) health professionals was identified as a major issue during the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP)/Be The Match System Capacity Initiative. Work-related distress and work-life balance were noted to be potential barriers to recruitment/retention. This study examined these barriers and their association with career satisfaction across HCT disciplines. METHODS: A cross-sectional, 90-item, web-based survey was administered to advanced practice providers (APP), nurses, physicians, pharmacists, and social workers in 2015...
November 28, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193041/early-nurse-attrition-in-new-zealand-and-associated-policy-implications
#8
L Walker, J Clendon
AIM: To examine the factors contributing to nurses choosing to exit the nursing profession before retirement age. BACKGROUND: Population growth, ageing and growing demand for health services mean increased demand for nurses. Better retention could help meet this demand, yet little work has been done in New Zealand to understand early attrition. METHODS: An online survey of registered and enrolled nurses and nurse practitioners who had left nursing was used...
November 28, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188915/-occupational-aspects-of-emergency-medicine-practice-in-catalonia-the-opencat-opinion-survey
#9
Javier Jacob, Emili Gené, Gilberto Alonso, Pere Rimbau, José Zorrilla, Francesc Casarramona, Cristina Netto, Pere Sánchez, Ricard Hernández, Xavier Escalada, Òscar Miró
OBJECTIVES: To gather information on the contracting and training of members of the Catalan Society of Emergency Medicine (SoCMUE) who work in emergency medicine and services in Catalonia. To survey their opinions on certain aspects of resource availability and working conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study based on a survey sent to SoCMUE members. We studied the opinions of 5 types of respondent: hospital physicians, out-of-hospital physicians, hospital nurses, out-of-hospital nurses, and emergency medical technicians...
2017: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187411/lived-experience-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-living-in-china-a-qualitative-interview-study
#10
Li Ge, Kerstin Wikby, Mikael Rask
OBJECTIVE: To explore the lived experience of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) living in China in order to add knowledge about how the Chinese women suffer from GDM. DESIGN: A qualitative interpretive interview study. Data were collected with a snowball sampling technique. Phenomenological hermeneutics was used as the analysis method based on Ricoeur's phenomenological hermeneutical interpretation theory. SETTING: The study was performed at the participants' work places, or at the obstetric clinics or wards at two provincial hospitals and one municipal hospital in the southeast of China...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186476/reversible-notch1-acetylation-tunes-proliferative-signaling-in-cardiomyocytes
#11
Chiara Collesi, Giulia Felician, Ilaria Secco, Maria Ines Gutierrez, Elisa Martelletti, Hashim Ali, Lorena Zentilin, Michael P Myers, Mauro Giacca
Aims: The Notch signaling pathway regulates the balance between proliferation and differentiation in several tissues, including the heart. Our previous work has demonstrated that the proliferative potential of neonatal cardiomyocytes relies on Notch1 activity. A deep investigation on the biochemical regulation of the Notch signaling in cardiomyocytes is the focus of the current research. Methods and Results: We show that the Notch1 intracellular domain is acetylated in proliferating neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and that acetylation tightly controls the amplitude and duration of Notch signaling...
November 24, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184517/positive-healthy-organizations-promoting-well-being-meaningfulness-and-sustainability-in-organizations
#12
Annamaria Di Fabio
This contribution deals with the concept of healthy organizations and starts with a definition of healthy organizations and healthy business. In healthy organizations, culture, climate, and practices create an environment conducive to employee health and safety as well as organizational effectiveness (Lowe, 2010). A healthy organization thus leads to a healthy and successful business (De Smet et al., 2007; Grawitch and Ballard, 2016), underlining the strong link between organizational profitability and workers' well-being...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182376/perceptions-of-work-life-balance-practices-offered-in-the-collegiate-practice-setting
#13
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Lindsey E Eberman
CONTEXT:   Organizational factors have been identified as barriers to finding work-life balance (WLB) in athletic training. Despite the existence of organizational policies to address WLB, little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') awareness of these policies that could assist them. OBJECTIVE:   To better understand the perceptions of ATs regarding the workplace practices available to them, which may help them achieve WLB. DESIGN:   Phenomenologic design...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182375/multilevel-examination-of-job-satisfaction-and-career-intentions-of-collegiate-athletic-trainers-a-quantitative-approach
#14
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Craig R Denegar, William A Pitney, Jennifer McGarry
CONTEXT:   Recent employment data from collegiate athletic training settings have demonstrated departure trends among men and women. These trends have been hypothesized to be related to work-life balance. However, work-life balance is only 1 aspect of a myriad of factors. Due to the complex nature of the work-life interface, a multilevel examination is needed to better understand the precipitators of departure. OBJECTIVE:   To quantitatively examine factors that may influence collegiate athletic trainers' (ATs') job satisfaction and career intentions via a multilevel examination of the work-life interface...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179809/factors-that-affect-general-practice-as-a-choice-of-medical-speciality-implications-for-policy-development
#15
Amit Vohra, Richard Ladyshewsky, Stephen Trumble
Objective This article critically appraises the range of personal, professional and social factors that affect the choice of speciality across medical students, prevocational doctors, general practice registrars and general practitioners.Methods This qualitative study applied constructs from the fields of decision theory and career theory to better understand the complex nature of choosing a speciality. In all, 47 in-depth interviews were conducted with participants at different stages of their career cycle...
November 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178843/a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis-to-explore-healthcare-professionals-experience-of-prescribing-opioids-to-adults-with-chronic-non-malignant-pain
#16
Fran Toye, Kate Seers, Stephanie Tierney, Karen Louise Barker
BACKGROUND: Despite recent guidelines suggesting that patients with chronic non-malignant pain might not benefit, there has been a significant rise in opioid prescription for chronic non-malignant pain. This topic is important because an increasing number of HCPs are prescribing opioids despite very limited evidence for long-term opioid therapy for chronic non-malignant pain outside of end-of-life care. To better understand the challenges of providing effective treatment, we conducted the first qualitative evidence synthesis to explore healthcare professionals' experience of treating people with chronic non-malignant pain...
November 25, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176812/generation-y-and-surgical-residency-passing-the-baton-or-the-end-of-the-world-as-we-know-it-results-from-a-survey-among-medical-students-in-germany
#17
Robert Kleinert, Claudia Fuchs, Vanessa Romotzky, Laura Knepper, Marie-Luise Wasilewski, Wolfgang Schröder, Christiane Bruns, Christiane Woopen, Jessica Leers
INTRODUCTION: The current student generation have their own expectations toward professional life and pay particular attention to their work-life balance. Less interest in work-intensive specialties leads to a shortage of skilled candidates especially in surgery. In order to motivate students into a surgical residency, new priorities become important. A deeper understanding of the underlying arguments and students' expectations towards a surgical training are necessary to counteract a future shortage of specialized surgeons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165115/effects-of-gaps-in-priorities-between-ideal-and-real-lives-on-psychological-burnout-among-academic-faculty-members-at-a-medical-university-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Yuki Chatani, Kyoko Nomura, Saki Horie, Keisuke Takemoto, Masumi Takeuchi, Yukifumi Sasamori, Shinichi Takenoshita, Aya Murakami, Haruko Hiraike, Hiroko Okinaga, Derek Smith
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence from medical workforce research indicates that poor work/life balance and increased work/home conflict induce psychological distress. In this study we aim to examine the existence of a priority gap between ideal and real lives, and its association with psychological burnout among academic professionals. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey, conducted in 2014, included faculty members (228 men, 102 women) at a single medical university in Tokyo, Japan...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162095/how-are-compassion-fatigue-burnout-and-compassion-satisfaction-affected-by-quality-of-working-life-findings-from-a-survey-of-mental-health-staff-in-italy
#19
Gaia Cetrano, Federico Tedeschi, Laura Rabbi, Giorgio Gosetti, Antonio Lora, Dario Lamonaca, Jill Manthorpe, Francesco Amaddeo
BACKGROUND: Quality of working life includes elements such as autonomy, trust, ergonomics, participation, job complexity, and work-life balance. The overarching aim of this study was to investigate if and how quality of working life affects Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction among mental health practitioners. METHODS: Staff working in three Italian Mental Health Departments completed the Professional Quality of Life Scale, measuring Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction, and the Quality of Working Life Questionnaire...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159602/competitive-advantage-of-mba-for-physician-executives-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Anthony D Turner, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Weidun Alan Guo
In response to systemic challenges facing the US healthcare system, many medical students, residents and practicing physicians are pursuing a Master in Business Administration (MBA) degree. The value of such proposition remains poorly defined. The aim of this review is to analyze current literature pertaining to the added value of MBA training for physician executives (PEs). We hypothesized that physicians who supplement their clinical expertise with business education gain a significant competitive advantage...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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