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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431761/-dependent-relative-effects-on-family-health
#1
M Eugenia Estrada Fernández, Ana I Gil Lacruz, Marta Gil Lacruz, Antonio Viñas López
OBJETIVES: The purpose of this work is to analyse the effects on informal caregiver's health and lifestyle when living with a dependent person at home. A comparison will be made between this situation and other situations involving commitment of time and energy, taking into account gender and age differences in each stage of the life cycle. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study analysing secondary data. SETTING: The method used for collecting information is the computer assisted personal interview carried out in selected homes by the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality...
April 18, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431202/pharmacological-interventions-for-acute-pancreatitis
#2
REVIEW
Elisabetta Moggia, Rahul Koti, Ajay P Belgaumkar, Federico Fazio, Stephen P Pereira, Brian R Davidson, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: In people with acute pancreatitis, it is unclear what the role should be for medical treatment as an addition to supportive care such as fluid and electrolyte balance and organ support in people with organ failure. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different pharmacological interventions in people with acute pancreatitis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, 2016, Issue 9), MEDLINE, Embase, Science Citation Index Expanded, and trial registers to October 2016 to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
April 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423478/a-qualitative-study-of-community-nurses-decision-making-around-the-anticipatory-prescribing-of-end-of-life-medications
#3
Ben Bowers, Sarah Redsell
AIMS: To explore community nurses' decision-making processes around the prescribing of anticipatory medications for people who are dying. BACKGROUND: Community nurses frequently initiate the prescribing of anticipatory medications to help control symptoms in those who are dying. However, little is known about their decision-making processes in relation to when they instigate anticipatory prescribing and their discussions with families and General Practitioners. DESIGN: A qualitative interpretive descriptive enquiry...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421922/student-life-taking-a-healthy-approach-to-social-networking
#4
Ray Jones, Julie Woolman
It can be difficult for nurses to maintain a good work-life balance, given the commitments and pressures of their job.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419626/influence-of-job-demands-and-job-control-on-work-life-balance-among-taiwanese-nurses
#5
Lee-Peng Ng, I-Chi Chen, Hui-Fuang Ng, Bo-Yen Lin, Lok-Sin Kuar
AIM: This study investigated the extent to which the job demands and job control of nurses were related to their work-life balance. BACKGROUND: The inability to achieve work-life balance is one of the major reasons for the declining retention rate among nurses. Job demands and job control are two major work domain factors that can have a significant influence on the work-life balance of nurses. METHOD: The study measured the job demands, job control and work-life balance of 2040 nurses in eight private hospitals in Taiwan in 2013...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416279/the-impact-of-work-life-balance-on-intention-to-stay-in-academia-results-from-a-national-survey-of-pharmacy-faculty
#6
Tristan Lindfelt, Eric J Ip, Alejandra Gomez, Mitchell J Barnett
PURPOSE: Border-Crossing theory suggests work-life balance and career satisfaction are inter-related and disappointment in work-life balance may predict changes in one's career path. Application of this theory to health profession faculty is plausible but has not been fully explored. The purpose of this study is to examine factors related to reported career change intention among United States pharmacy school faculty and to determine if Border-Crossing theory fits these observations. METHODS: Results from a national web-based survey administered via Qualtrics(®) to American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) members were utilized...
April 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416202/presenteeism-in-nursing-an-evolutionary-concept-analysis
#7
Jessica G Rainbow, Linsey M Steege
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism is an emerging concept in nursing that has been linked to increased health care costs, patient medication errors and falls, and negative nurse well-being. However, prior work has utilized various definitions and antecedents. Clarity on the significance, development, and consequences of presenteeism in nursing is needed. PURPOSE: This concept analysis seeks to understand the application of presenteeism within nursing workforce literature and in the broader workforce context...
March 11, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409767/salutogenic-resources-in-relation-to%C3%A2-teachers-work-life-balance
#8
Marie Nilsson, Kerstin Blomqvist, Ingemar Andersson
BACKGROUND: Experiencing work-life balance is considered a health promoting resource. To counter-balance the negative development of teachers' work situation, salutogenic resources need to be examined among teachers. OBJECTIVE: To examine resources related to teachers' experience of their work-life balance. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, a questionnaire was distributed to 455 teachers in compulsory schools in a Swedish community...
April 12, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409743/pet-neck-a-multicentre-randomised-phase-iii-non-inferiority-trial-comparing-a-positron-emission-tomography-computerised-tomography-guided-watch-and-wait-policy-with-planned-neck-dissection-in-the-management-of-locally-advanced-n2-n3-nodal-metastases-in-patients
#9
Hisham Mehanna, Chris C McConkey, Joy K Rahman, Wai-Lup Wong, Alison F Smith, Chris Nutting, Andrew Gj Hartley, Peter Hall, Claire Hulme, Dharmesh K Patel, Sandra Ventorin von Zeidler, Max Robinson, Bal Sanghera, Lydia Fresco, Janet A Dunn
BACKGROUND: Planned neck dissection (ND) after radical chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for locally advanced nodal metastases in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains controversial. Thirty per cent of ND specimens show histological evidence of tumour. Consequently, a significant proportion of clinicians still practise planned ND. Fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET)-computerised tomography (CT) scanning demonstrated high negative predictive values for persistent nodal disease, providing a possible alternative paradigm to ND...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407250/the-relationship-between-work-family-conflict-and-job-satisfaction-among-hospital-nurses
#10
Manar AlAzzam, Raeda Fawzi AbuAlRub, Ala H Nazzal
AIMS: This study aimed to explore the incidence of work-family conflict and the association between work-family conflict and satisfaction level among Jordanian nurses. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from a convenience sample of 333 Jordanian nurses using a descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational design. RESULTS: The results revealed that nurses were exposed to both subtypes of work and family conflict, but they experienced the work-to-family conflict more than the family-to-work conflict...
April 13, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406552/auckland-regional-emergency-medicine-trainee-mentoring-uptake-survey
#11
Gordon Michael Mike Nicholls, Emma Lawrey, Peter Jones
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to quantify how many Auckland region emergency medicine (EM) trainees would like a formal mentoring programme. The secondary objectives were to quantify how many Auckland region EM trainees would like to participate in a formal mentoring programme; to determine trainees' current understanding of mentoring; how trainees prefer mentors to be allocated; why trainees may want a mentor; what mentees perceive would be good qualities in a mentor; and trainees' prior experience with mentoring...
April 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406108/specialty-preferences-and-motivating-factors-a-national-survey-on-medical-students-from-five-uae-medical-schools
#12
Mahera Abdulrahman, Maryam Makki, Sami Shaaban, Maryam Al Shamsi, Manda Venkatramana, Nabil Sulaiman, Manal M Sami, Dima K Abdelmannan, AbdulJabbar M A Salih, Laila AlShaer
BACKGROUND: Workforce planning is critical for being able to deliver appropriate health service and thus is relevant to medical education. It is, therefore, important to understand medical students' future specialty choices and the factors that influence them. This study was conducted to identify, explore, and analyze the factors influencing specialty preferences among medical students of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A multiyear, multicenter survey of medical student career choice was conducted with all five UAE medical schools...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402414/inter-sectoral-transfer-of-the-food-for-life-settings-framework-in-england
#13
Selena Gray, Matthew Jones, Robin Means, Judy Orme, Hannah Pitt, Debra Salmon
Organisational settings such as schools, workplaces and hospitals are well recognised as key environments for health promotion. Whilst there is extensive literature on specific types of settings, little empirical research has investigated the transfer of frameworks between sectors. This study analyses Food for Life, an England-wide healthy and sustainable food programme that evolved in schools and is being adapted for children's centres, universities, care homes, and hospital settings. Following a case study design, we interviewed 85 stakeholders in nine settings...
April 11, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401131/perceptions-and-experiences-of-a-gender-gap-at-a-canadian-research-institute-and-potential-strategies-to-mitigate-this-gap-a-sequential-mixed-methods-study
#14
Alekhya Mascarenhas, Julia E Moore, Andrea C Tricco, Jemila Hamid, Caitlin Daly, Julie Bain, Sabrina Jassemi, Tara Kiran, Nancy Baxter, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: The gender gap in academia is long-standing. Failure to ensure that our academic faculty reflect our student pool and national population deprives Canada of talent. We explored the gender distribution and perceptions of the gender gap at a Canadian university-affiliated, hospital-based research institute. METHODS: We completed a sequential mixed-methods study. In phase 1, we used the research institute's registry of scientists (1999-2014) and estimated overall prevalence of a gender gap and the gap with respect to job description (e...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398986/living-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#15
Merete B Bjerrum, Preben U Pedersen, Palle Larsen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relates to four dimensions of behavior: inattentiveness, restlessness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Symptoms affect multiple areas of daily life such as academic performance and social functioning. Despite the negative effects of ADHD, people diagnosed with ADHD do not necessarily regard themselves as being impaired. However, it is unclear how adults with ADHD experience and manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesize the best available evidence on how adults experience living with ADHD...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396616/experiences-of-reduced-work-hours-for-nurses-and-assistant-nurses-at-a-surgical-department-a-qualitative-study
#16
Kristina Gyllensten, Gunnar Andersson, Helena Muller
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of registered nurses in the European Union (EU), and job dissatisfaction and perceived high work-family conflict have been identified as causes of nursing staff turnover. Reducing work hours is an organisational intervention that could have a positive effect on nurses' and assistant nurses' job satisfaction, work-life balance, and willingness to stay in the job. An orthopaedic surgery department at a large hospital in Sweden introduced reduced work hours for nurses and assistant nurses in order to improve the working situation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393559/work-worksites-and-wellbeing-among-north-american-indian-women-a-qualitative-study
#17
Karina Christiansen, Preety Gadhoke, Marla Pardilla, Joel Gittelsohn
The purpose of this study was to understand what factors influenced work-family balance and related health behaviors among a sample of rural North American Indian women. We interviewed 89 women through both in-depth interviews and focus groups across four tribal communities in the American Southwest and Upper Midwest between July 2010 and August 2011. Interviews were transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes related to work- family demands placed on women and resources available to cope with those demands...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375751/write-more-articles-get-more-grants-the-impact-of-department-climate-on-faculty-research-productivity
#18
Jennifer Sheridan, Julia N Savoy, Anna Kaatz, You-Geon Lee, Amarette Filut, Molly Carnes
BACKGROUND: Many studies find that female faculty in academic medicine, science, and engineering experience adverse workplace climates. This study longitudinally investigates whether department climate is associated with future research productivity and whether the associations are stronger for female than male faculty. METHOD: Two waves of a faculty climate survey, institutional grant records, and publication records were collected for 789 faculties in academic medicine, science, and engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison between 2000 and 2010...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375393/can-scribes-boost-fps-efficiency-and-job-satisfaction
#19
Stephen T Earls, Judith A Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman
Purpose: Research in other medical specialties has shown that the addition of medical scribes to the clinical team enhances physicians' practice experience and increases productivity. To date, literature on the implementation of scribes in primary care is limited. To determine the feasibility and benefits of implementing scribes in family medicine, we undertook a pilot mixed- method quality improvement (QI) study. Methods: In 2014, we incorporated 4 parttime scribes into an academic family medicine practice consisting of 7 physicians...
April 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368773/sexuality-of-midlife-and-older-women-a-review-of-theory-use
#20
Sarah Jen
Sexual experiences of older adults remain underexplored. This review examined 21 articles focused on the sexuality of midlife and older women to identify theories used and understand how theory informs this literature. Reviewed articles described a dominant narrative of sexual decline in later life but positioned their own work as counternarratives. A majority applied social constructionist, critical, or interpretivist orientations, balancing material and socially constructed aspects of sexuality. Theories were most likely to inform the purpose and conclusions and least likely to inform limitations or descriptions of study samples...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
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