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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441117/contextual-factors-in-maternal-and-newborn-health-evaluation-a-protocol-applied-in-nigeria-india-and-ethiopia
#1
Kate Sabot, Tanya Marchant, Neil Spicer, Della Berhanu, Meenakshi Gautham, Nasir Umar, Joanna Schellenberg
Background: Understanding the context of a health programme is important in interpreting evaluation findings and in considering the external validity for other settings. Public health researchers can be imprecise and inconsistent in their usage of the word "context" and its application to their work. This paper presents an approach to defining context, to capturing relevant contextual information and to using such information to help interpret findings from the perspective of a research group evaluating the effect of diverse innovations on coverage of evidence-based, life-saving interventions for maternal and newborn health in Ethiopia, Nigeria, and India...
2018: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439377/recovery-work-life-balance-and-work-experiences-important-to-self-rated-health-a-questionnaire-study-on-salutogenic-work-factors-among-swedish-primary-health-care-employees
#2
Lina Ejlertsson, Bodil Heijbel, Göran Ejlertsson, Ingemar Andersson
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on positive work factors among health care workers. OBJECTIVE: To explore salutogenic work-related factors among primary health care employees. METHOD: Questionnaire to all employees (n = 599) from different professions in public and private primary health care centers in one health care district in Sweden. The questionnaire, which had a salutogenic perspective, included information on self-rated health from the previously validated SHIS (Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale), psychosocial work environment and experiences, recovery, leadership, social climate, reflection and work-life balance...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432625/burnout-and-resiliency-among-family-medicine-program-directors
#3
Maribeth Porter, Helen Hagan, Rosemary Klassen, Yang Yang, Dean A Seehusen, Peter J Carek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nearly one-half (46%) of physicians report at least one symptom of burnout. Family medicine residency program directors may have similar and potentially unique levels of burnout as well as resiliency. The primary aims of this study were to examine burnout and resiliency among family medicine residency directors and characterize associated factors. METHODS: The questions used were part of a larger omnibus survey conducted by the Council of Academic Family Medicine (CAFM) Educational Research Alliance (CERA) in 2016...
February 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430773/work-satisfaction-and-future-career-intentions-of-experienced-nurses-transitioning-to-primary-health-care-employment
#4
Christine Ashley, Kath Peters, Angela Brown, Elizabeth Halcomb
AIM: To explore registered nurses' reflections on transitioning from acute to primary health care employment, and future career intentions. BACKGROUND: Reforms in primary health care have resulted in increasing demands for a skilled primary health care nursing workforce. To meet shortfalls, acute care nurses are being recruited to primary health care employment, yet little is known about levels of satisfaction and future career intentions. METHOD: A sequential mixed methods study consisting of a survey and semi-structured interviews with nurses who transition to primary health care...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421010/training-cardiovascular-outcomes-researchers-a-survey-of-mentees-and-mentors-to-identify-critical-training-gaps-and-needs
#5
Prateeti Khazanie, Sana M Al-Khatib, Tracy Y Wang, Matthew J Crowley, Nancy R Kressin, Harlan M Krumholz, Catarina I Kiefe, Barbara L Wells, Sean M O'Brien, Eric D Peterson, Gillian D Sanders
BACKGROUND: Many young investigators are interested in cardiovascular (CV) outcomes research; however, the current training experience of early investigators across the United States is uncertain. METHODS: From April to November 2014, we surveyed mentees and mentors of early-stage CV outcomes investigators across the United States. We contacted successful grantees of government agencies, members of professional organizations, and trainees in CV outcomes training programs...
February 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417426/association-of-midlife-value-priorities-with-health-related-quality-of-life-frailty-and-mortality-among-older-men-a-26-year-follow-up-of-the-helsinki-businessmen-study-hbs
#6
Annele Urtamo, Hannu Kautiainen, Kaisu H Pitkälä, Timo E Strandberg
PURPOSE: Personal values influence behavior and decision making, but their long-term associations with health-related quality of life (HRQoL), frailty, and mortality are less clear. We studied these associations from midlife to old age in a 26-year follow-up of the Helsinki Businessmen Study (HBS) cohort. METHODS: In 1974, 1320 clinically healthy men (born 1919-1934) reported in a 12-item questionnaire their personal values. In 2000, a mailed questionnaire, including assessment of HRQoL with RAND-36 (SF-36) instrument, was sent to survivors, and 1025 men responded...
February 7, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417062/developing-a-pilot-curriculum-to-foster-humanism-among-graduate-medical-trainees
#7
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Alice Chuang, Amy Weil, Jennifer O Howell
BACKGROUND: Humanism is a central tenant of professionalism, a required competency for all residency programs. Yet, few residencies have formal curriculum for teaching this critical aspect of medicine. Instead, professionalism and humanism are often taught informally through role-modeling. With increased burnout, faculty professionalism may suffer and may compromise resident role-modeling. The objective of this study was to design a pilot curriculum to foster humanism in among residents and assess its ability to do so...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407519/predictors-for-employment-status-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-10-year-longitudinal-observational-study
#8
Mia Forslin, Katharina Fink, Ulf Hammar, Lena von Koch, Sverker Johansson
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors for employment status after 10 years in a cohort of people with multiple sclerosis (MS), with the aim to increase knowledge concerning factors present at an early stage important for working life and work-life balance. DESIGN: A 10-year longitudinal observational cohort study. SETTING: People with a definite MS diagnosis, who at inclusion were outpatients at an MS Centre at a university hospital in Stockholm, Sweden...
January 30, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406763/-surrogacy-in-maternity-a-depersonalising-human-relationship-phenomenology
#9
Antonio Casciano
Ethical and bioethical problems, which are typical of the practice of surrogate motherhood, refer to its protagonists: the couple that orders it, due to its demand to satisfy the desire of paternity and maternity and the promptness of having a female body to fulfill its aspirations; the expectant mother, and the physical and psychic repercussions coming from the role performed in the surrogacy contract, as well as the risks of manipulation and exploitation, related to her position; the baby and his right to grow counting on the certainty of his parental relationships and on the preservation of his emotional balance...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402651/progressive-resistance-and-balance-training-for-falls-prevention-in-long-term-residential-aged-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-the-sunbeam-program
#10
Jennifer Hewitt, Stephen Goodall, Lindy Clemson, Timothy Henwood, Kathryn Refshauge
BACKGROUND: Falls prevention is an international priority, and residents of long-term aged care fall approximately 3 times more often than community dwellers. There is a relative scarcity of published trials in this setting. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to undertake a randomized controlled trial to test the effect of published best practice exercise in long-term residential aged care. The trial was designed to determine if combined high level balance and moderate intensity progressive resistance training (the Sunbeam Program) is effective in reducing the rate of falls in residents of aged care facilities...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389813/total-worker-health%C3%A2-intervention-for-construction-workers-alters-safety-health-well-being-measures
#11
Wyndham Kent Anger, Jason Kyler-Yano, Katie Vaughn, Bradley Wipfli, Ryan Olson, Magali Blanco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 14-week Total Worker Health (TWH) intervention designed for construction crews. METHODS: Supervisors (n = 22) completed computer-based training and self-monitoring activities on team building, work-life balance, and reinforcing targeted behaviors. Supervisors and workers (n = 13) also completed scripted safety and health education in small groups with practice activities. RESULTS: The intervention led to significant (P < 0...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381157/burnout-and-its-contributing-factors-among-midlevel-academic-nurse-leaders
#12
Linda Flynn, Pamela M Ironside
BACKGROUND: Amid concerns regarding administrator shortages, a survey conducted by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing indicates that 10% of all vacant faculty positions are those that include administrative responsibilities. This study was designed to determine the frequency, predictors, and potential retention consequences of burnout among midlevel academic nurse leaders, such as assistant deans, associate deans, and others. METHOD: The sample consisted of 146 midlevel academic nurse leaders from 29 schools of nursing...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376466/women-s-leadership-in-neuropsychology-historical-perspectives-present-trends-and-future-directions
#13
Bonnie C Sachs, Andreana Benitez, Melissa T Buelow, Amanda Gooding, Lynn A Schaefer, Anita H Sim, Chriscelyn M Tussey, Paula K Shear
OBJECTIVE: Although psychology has become a female-dominated field, this pattern of gender representation has not held true within the specialty of neuropsychology. In recent years more women have been pursuing careers in neuropsychology, and while the balance of male and female neuropsychologists as a whole has shifted, it is unclear whether the gender composition of leadership has also changed. Our goal was to survey various neuropsychological organizations, training programs, editorial boards, and organizations granting board certification to determine the current gender composition of leadership positions within neuropsychology...
January 28, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367634/guanylate-cyclase-c-reduces-invasion-of-intestinal-epithelial-cells-by-bacterial-pathogens
#14
Surya Amarachintha, Eleana Harmel-Laws, Kris A Steinbrecher
The guanylate cyclase C (GC-C) receptor regulates electrolyte and water secretion into the gut following activation by the E. coli enterotoxin STa, or by weaker endogenous agonists guanylin and uroguanylin. Our previous work has demonstrated that GC-C plays an important role in controlling initial infection as well as carrying load of non-invasive bacterial pathogens in the gut. Here, we use Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium to determine whether GC-C signaling is important in host defense against pathogens that actively invade enterocytes...
January 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363270/staff-personhood-in-dementia-care-settings-do-they-care-about-me
#15
Heather A Cooke
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This article aims to examine RCAs' own experiences of personhood in dementia care settings. BACKGROUND: Conceptually, person-centred care entails fostering the personhood of residents and the residential care aides (RCAs) who provide much of their hands-on care. To date, however, staff personhood has been overlooked in the empirical literature. DESIGN: The study was part of a larger focused ethnographic project exploring how the organisational care environment impedes or facilitates the provision of quality dementia care...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360435/cerebellar-oxidative-stress-and-fine-motor-impairment-in-adolescent-rats-exposed-to-hyperthermia-induced-seizures-is-prevented-by-maternal-caffeine-intake-during-gestation-and-lactation
#16
María Crespo, David Agustín León-Navarro, Mairena Martín
Febrile seizures (FS) is one of the most common convulsive disorders in infants and young children that only occurs during the first years of life in humans, when the cerebellum is still developing. Several works have shown that maternal caffeine consumption during gestation and lactation can exert protective effects on developing brain under pathological conditions. Here, we have used an animal model of FS to know whether maternal caffeine consumption during gestation and lactation exhibited protective effects on rat cerebellum...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355299/enhancing-the-performance-of-cdse-cds-dot-in-rod-light-emitting-diodes-via-surface-ligand-modification
#17
Prachi Rastogi, Francisco Palazon, Mirko Prato, Francesco Di Stasio, Roman Krahne
The surface ligands on colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) play an important role in the performance of NCs based optoelectronic devices such as photovoltaic cells, photodetectors and light emitting diodes (LEDs). On one hand, the NC emission depends critically on the passivation of the surface to minimize trap states that can provide non-radiative recombination channels. On the other hand, the electrical properties of NC films are dominated by the ligands that constitute the barriers for charge transport from one NC to its neighbor...
January 22, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355130/strategies-of-employees-in-the-construction-industry-to-increase-their-sustainable-employability
#18
Susanne C Tonnon, Rozan van der Veen, Anja Th C M de Kruif, Suzan J W Robroek, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Karin I Proper, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: The aging work force makes sustainable employability (SE) of workers a priority. However, it is unknown to what extent employees use implemented SE measures. OBJECTIVE: To determine the utilization of 1) SE measures offered by employers, 2) employee SE strategies, and 3) to identify barriers and facilitators of SE strategies. METHODS: Survey data were collected among 731 blue collar and 879 white collar workers to determine the utilization of employer SE measures...
January 19, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355123/mental-disorder-sick-leave-in-sweden-a-population-study
#19
Ulrik Lidwall, Sofia Bill, Edward Palmer, Christina Olsson Bohlin
BACKGROUND: The inability to perform productive work due to mental disorders is a growing concern in advanced societies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate medically certified mental disorder and all-cause sick leave in a working population using demographic, socioeconomic and occupational predictors. METHODS: The study population was the entire Swedish work force aged 16-64 years in December 31st 2011. The outcome was sick leave exceeding 14 days in 2012 with adjustment for 13 confounders...
January 18, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343628/keeping-the-home-fires-burning-amp-activated-protein-kinase
#20
REVIEW
D Grahame Hardie
Living cells obtain energy either by oxidizing reduced compounds of organic or mineral origin or by absorbing light. Whichever energy source is used, some of the energy released is conserved by converting adenosine diphosphate (ADP) to adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which are analogous to the chemicals in a rechargeable battery. The energy released by the conversion of ATP back to ADP is used to drive most energy-requiring processes, including cell growth, cell division, communication and movement. It is clearly essential to life that the production and consumption of ATP are always maintained in balance, and the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is one of the key cellular regulatory systems that ensures this...
January 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
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