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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644486/use-of-work-life-balance-benefits-guaranteed-by-law-in-poland-do-size-of-the-enterprise-and-gender-matter
#1
Dorota Merecz-Kot, Marcin Drabek, Aleksander Stańczak, Aleksandra Andysz, Aleksandra Jacukowicz
BACKGROUND: The paper is aimed at indicating the similarities and differences in use of benefits supporting work-life balance (WLB) between women and men working in Polish small/medium and large enterprises. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 556 workers (311 women, 245 men), aged 20-68 years old employed on the basis of employment contracts for at least a year in Polish enterprises. The respondents completed a questionnaire on the use of benefits guaranteed by the Polish Labour Code, referring to their current workplaces...
June 22, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639482/-always-looking-for-a-new-balance-toward-an-understanding-of-what-it-takes-to-continue-working-while-being-diagnosed-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Hanneke van der Meide, Dennis van Gorp, Karin van der Hiele, Leo Visser
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the meaning of work in the everyday lives of people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, and the barriers and facilitators to staying in work. METHODS: Nineteen employed adults diagnosed with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis participated in narrative interviews. All interviews were transcribed and coded for thematic analysis. RESULTS: For people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, continuing to work was a precarious balancing act...
June 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633376/keeping-things-in-balance-family-experiences-of-living-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Nuria Esandi, Mike Nolan, Cristina Alfaro, Ana Canga-Armayor
Background and Objectives: Historically, research, practice, and policy on Alzheimer's family care has been largely focused on dyadic relationships and the experience of burden and stress, often failing to capture the complex caring dynamics as they unfold over time. This study sought to develop a more nuanced understanding of how people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their families are affected by the disease and how they respond to the challenges AD poses. Research Design and Methods: Using constructivist grounded theory, the study explored the experiences of living with AD for native Spanish families residing in Navarra...
June 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629403/factors-influencing-professional-life-satisfaction-among-neurologists
#4
Stephanie M Teixeira-Poit, Michael T Halpern, Heather L Kane, Michael Keating, Murrey Olmsted
BACKGROUND: Predicted shortages in the supply of neurologists may limit patients' access to and quality of care for neurological disorders. Retaining neurologists already in practice provides one opportunity to support the overall supply of practicing neurologists. Understanding factors associated with professional life satisfaction (and dissatisfaction) and implementing policies to enhance satisfaction may encourage neurologists to remain in clinical practice. In this paper, we present results from the first study examining factors associated with professional life satisfaction among a large sample of U...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627844/patient-care-in-family-medicine-what-s-new-in-the-2016-literature-findings
#5
Christine Cohidon, Nicolas Senn
During the last two decades in Europe, the scope of activities regarding chronic diseases management in family medicine has increased while technical activities and preventative care have decreased. A new literature review and meta-analysis confirms that the use of electronic health records improves the quality of care. In the field of interprofessionnality, the task delegation in chronic care management to nurses or medical assistants is a source of satisfaction for these professionals. At the same time, this could improve patients' quality of life...
May 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625494/acute-stress-shifts-the-balance-between-controlled-and-automatic-processes-in-prospective-memory
#6
Marcus Möschl, Moritz Walser, Franziska Plessow, Thomas Goschke, Rico Fischer
In everyday life we frequently rely on our abilities to postpone intentions until later occasions (prospective memory; PM) and to deactivate completed intentions even in stressful situations. Yet, little is known about the effects of acute stress on these abilities. In the present work we investigated the impact of acute stress on PM functioning under high task demands. 1) Different from previous studies, in which intention deactivation required mostly low processing demands, we used salient focal PM cues to induce high processing demands during intention-deactivation phases...
June 15, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625409/expectations-of-the-ideal-worker-and-its-influence-on-professional-identity-in-academic-medicine-perspectives-from-a-career-flexibility-educational-intervention
#7
Lydia Pleotis Howell, Laurel A Beckett, Amparo C Villablanca
• Career flexibility policies to support faculty work-life balance are under-utilized due to many perceived barriers. • Reported barriers to policy use increased after an educational intervention, reflecting conflicts with personal and professional identity and team/peer pressure. • Creating a culture that increases work-life flexibility and satisfaction requires addressing expectations for extreme work devotion, perhaps best accomplished by faculty roles models who can re-shape the "hidden curriculum" of medical education and training...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618855/stability-of-and-factors-related-to-medical-student-specialty-choice-of-psychiatry
#8
Matthew N Goldenberg, D Keith Williams, John J Spollen
OBJECTIVE: Targeted efforts are needed to increase the number of medical students choosing psychiatry, but little is known about when students decide on their specialty or what factors influence their choice. The authors examined the timing and stability of student career choice of psychiatry compared with other specialties and determined what pre- and intra-medical school factors were associated with choosing a career in psychiatry. METHOD: Using survey data from students who graduated from U...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617532/the-effect-of-a-natural-standardized-bilberry-extract-mirtoselect%C3%A2-in-dry-eye-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
A Riva, S Togni, F Franceschi, S Kawada, Y Inaba, R Eggenhoffner, L Giacomelli
OBJECTIVE: Dry eye, a chronic disease of lachrymal fluid and corneo-conjunctival epithelium, could significantly impact visual function, affects quality of life and work productivity. Beside several conventional treatments, nutritional supplements based on bilberry extract have been identified as effective contributors to eye health. Here, we aim at investigating the bioavailability of a standardized bilberry extract, its ability to alleviate dry eye symptoms and its antioxidant potential...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614812/the-discovery-of-water-channels-aquaporins
#10
Dennis Brown
The movement of water into and out of cells is a fundamental biological process that is essential for life. Such water movement not only regulates the activity of individual cells but also is responsible for the functioning of many organ systems and for maintaining whole body water balance. It had long been suspected that water movement across biological cell membranes was in some way enhanced or facilitated by pores or channels, but the search to identify these channels was long and tedious. As is often the case in science, the secret of the water channel was eventually discovered by chance in 1992 by Peter Agre and his colleagues at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, who were working on red blood cell membrane proteins...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614029/attitudes-towards-attrition-among-uk-trainees-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology
#11
Irene Gafson, Jane Currie, Sabrina O'Dwyer, Katherine Woolf, Ann Griffin
Physician dissatisfaction in the workplace has consequences for patient safety. Currently in the UK, 1 in 5 doctors who enter specialist training in obstetrics and gynaecology leave the programme before completion. Trainee attrition has implications for workforce planning, organization of health-care services and patient care. The authors conducted a survey of current trainees' and former trainees' views concerning attrition and 'peri-attrition' - a term coined to describe the trainee who has seriously considered leaving the specialty...
June 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612934/rural-specialists-the-nature-of-their-work-and-professional-satisfaction-by-geographical-location-of-work
#12
Belinda O'Sullivan, Matthew McGrail, Deborah Russell
OBJECTIVE: Systematically describe the characteristics of rural specialists, their work and job satisfaction by geographical location of work. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Three thousand, four hundred and seventy-nine medical specialists participating in the 2014 Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey of doctors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Location of practise, whether metropolitan, large (>50 000 population) or small regional centres (<50 000 population)...
June 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609215/breastfeeding-support-in-the-workplace-the-relationships-among-breastfeeding-support-work-life-balance-and-job-satisfaction
#13
Amanda M Jantzer, Jenn Anderson, Rebecca A Kuehl
BACKGROUND: Women are increasingly faced with decisions about how to combine breastfeeding with work, but few researchers have directly measured how breastfeeding relates to the work-life interface. Research aim: The authors examined how perceptions of work enhancement of personal life and work interference with personal life were influenced by workplace breastfeeding support, including organizational, manager, and coworker support, as well as adequate time to express human milk. Then, we examined how workplace breastfeeding support predicted work-life variables and job satisfaction...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606133/employment-related-difficulties-and-distressed-living-condition-in-patients-with-hepatitis-b-virus-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-study
#14
Taeko Oka, Hiroaki Enoki, Yukari Tokimoto, Teruaki Kawanishi, Meguru Minami, Takahiro Okuizumi, Kiyohiko Katahira
BACKGROUND: In Japan, an estimated 400,000 people have the hepatitis B virus (HBV), many of whom were infected as a result of group vaccinations. People with HBV face many challenges, including disease progression, employment-related difficulties, and increased medical expenses. The relationship between HBV victims' daily life suffering and poverty associated with HBV-related employment changes has not been examined. We aimed to clarify the employment-related hardships experienced by Japanese HBV victims, and the relationships between these hardships and daily life suffering, including poverty, through qualitative and quantitative analyses...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588515/does-gender-of-administrator-matter-national-study-explores-u-s-university-administrators-attitudes-about-retaining-women-professors-in-stem
#15
Wendy M Williams, Agrima Mahajan, Felix Thoemmes, Susan M Barnett, Francoise Vermeylen, Brian M Cash, Stephen J Ceci
Omnipresent calls for more women in university administration presume women will prioritize using resources and power to increase female representation, especially in STEM fields where women are most underrepresented. However, empirical evidence is lacking for systematic differences in female vs. male administratorsŠ attitudes. Do female administrators agree on which strategies are best, and do men see things differently? We explored United States college and university administratorsŠ opinions regarding strategies, policies, and structural changes in their organizations designed to increase women professorsŠ representation and retention in STEM fields...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585884/conveying-hope-in-consultations-with-patients-with-life-threatening-diseases-the-balance-between-supporting-and-challenging-the-patient
#16
Anne Werner, Sissel Steihaug
OBJECTIVE: There is limited knowledge about the communication of hope and denial in consultations with patients with life-threatening diseases on a practical level. In this study, we explored a real-life medical consultation between a doctor and a patient with incurable cancer, focusing on conveying hope. DESIGN AND METHODS: We found one consultation especially suited for illustrating how a physician can convey and reinforce hope without attaching it to curative treatment...
June 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562235/attitudes-and-factors-contributing-to-attrition-in-canadian-surgical-specialty-residency-programs
#17
Simon Adams, David Nathan Ginther, Evan Neuls, Paul Hayes
BACKGROUND: We recently studied attrition in Canadian general surgical programs; however, there are no data on whether residents enrolled in other surgical residencies harbour the same intents as their general surgical peers. We sought to determine how many residents in surgical disciplines in Canada consider leaving their programs and why. METHODS: An anonymous survey was administered to all residents in 9 surgical disciplines in Canada. Significance of association was determined using the Pearson χ2 test...
June 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562163/everyday-life-in-breast-cancer-survivors-experiencing-challenges-a-qualitative-study
#18
Klara Jakobsen, Eva Magnus, Steinar Lundgren, Randi J Reidunsdatter
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer results in an increasing number of survivors, some of whom face new challenges in their transition to daily life. AIM: Based on these experiences, the aim of this study was to describe the everyday life in breast cancer survivors experiencing challenges. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Eleven women recruited from a follow-up study of breast cancer patients participated in qualitative interviews about their everyday occupations seven years after ending treatment...
May 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561667/myeloma-in-elderly-patients-when-less-is-more-and-more-is-more
#19
Ashley Rosko, Sergio Giralt, Maria-Victoria Mateos, Angela Dispenzieri
Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell malignancy that occurs among older adults and accounts for 15% of all hematologic malignancies in the United States. Thirty-five percent of patients are diagnosed at age 75 or older. Novel therapeutics and routine use of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) have led to substantial improvements in patient survival, although improvements have been more impressive among patients younger than age 65. Finding the balance between under- and overtreating elderly patients is one of the biggest challenges specific to them as a subgroup of patients with MM...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561649/mastering-resilience-in-oncology-learn-to-thrive-in-the-face-of-burnout
#20
Fay J Hlubocky, Miko Rose, Ronald M Epstein
Oncology clinician burnout has become a noteworthy issue in medical oncology directly affecting the quality of patient care, patient satisfaction, and overall organizational success. Due to the increasing demands on clinical time, productivity, and the evolving medical landscape, the oncology clinician is at significant risk for burnout. Long hours in direct care with seriously ill patients/families, limited control over daily responsibilities, and endless electronic documentation, place considerable professional and personal demands on the oncologist...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
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