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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929793/leading-during-loss-death-of-a-beloved-faculty-member
#1
Julie T Sanford
In any job setting, the sudden or expected death of a coworker can cause profound grief and loss. Moreover, in academic settings there are unique challenges that warrant further discussion. Given the aging of the nursing professoriate, the shortage of nursing faculty, and the medical advances prolonging our life expectancy, we can forecast a greater frequency of loss of faculty while employed. The impact of a faculty member death on colleagues, staff, and students can cause great distress and therefore requires careful attention and consideration for all...
May 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929756/academic-or-community-practice-what-is-driving-decision-making-and-career-choices
#2
Bernadette J Goudreau, Taryn E Hassinger, Traci L Hedrick, Craig L Slingluff, Anneke T Schroen, Lynn T Dengel
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors that impact progression of surgery trainees into academic versus non-academic practices may permit tailoring residency experiences to promote academic careers in institutions charged with the training of future surgeon scientists. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with progression of surgery trainees into academic versus non-academic practice. METHODS: A survey was distributed to 135 surgeons graduating from the University of Virginia residency program from 1964-2016, a single academic institution...
June 18, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928507/the-work-life-balance-and-psychosocial-well-being-of-south-korean-workers
#3
Jae Won Yang, Chunhui Suh, Chae Kwan Lee, Byung Chul Son
Background: It is challenging to balance work and life, and little attention has been paid to the work-life balance and psychosocial well-being of South Koreans. We assessed the association between work-life balance and psychosocial well-being among paid Korean workers. Methods: This study was based on data from the fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey. We evaluated only paid workers, which constituted 30,649 of the total of 50,007 subjects surveyed. Poor work-life balance was defined based on the goodness of fit between working hours and social commitments...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925248/priorities-in-the-neurotology-fellowship-match-a-survey-study-of-program-directors-and-fellows
#4
Paul D Judge, Sameer A Alvi, Kareem O Tawfik
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain motivations and priorities for neurotology fellowship applicants and program directors during the match process. METHODS: Anonymous online survey distributed to 20 fellowship program directors and 40 current and incoming neurotology fellows. A 5-point Likert scale was used to assess the priorities of fellowship applicants and program directors in the match process. RESULTS: Twenty-four of 40 (60%) current or incoming fellows and 14 of 20 (65%) program directors responded to the survey...
June 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920838/hours-worked-by-general-practitioners-and-waiting-times-for-primary-care
#5
Megha Swami, Hugh Gravelle, Anthony Scott, Jenny Williams
The decline in the working hours of general practitioners (GPs) is a key factor influencing access to health care in many countries. We investigate the effect of changes in hours worked by GPs on waiting times in primary care using the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life longitudinal survey of Australian doctors. We estimate GP fixed effects models for waiting time and use family circumstances to instrument for GP's hours worked. We find that a 10% reduction in hours worked increases average patient waiting time by 12%...
June 19, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897960/towards-a-deeper-understanding-of-parenting-on-farms-a-qualitative-study
#6
Valerie Elliot, Allison Cammer, William Pickett, Barbara Marlenga, Joshua Lawson, James Dosman, Louise Hagel, Niels Koehncke, Catherine Trask
BACKGROUND: Children living on farms experience exceptionally high risks for traumatic injury. There is a large body of epidemiological research documenting this phenomenon, yet few complementary studies that have explored the deep underlying reasons for such trends. Fundamental to this is understanding the decision-making processes of parents surrounding their choice to bring children, or not, into the farm worksite. OBJECTIVES: To (1) document farm parent views of the risks and benefits of raising children on a family farm, and, (2) understand more deeply why children are brought into the farm worksite...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897671/undergraduate-student-nurses-perspectives-of-an-integrated-clinical-learning-model-in-the-mental-health-environment
#7
Gayelene Boardman, Karen Lawrence, Meg Polacsek
Providing nursing students with appropriate clinical practice during their undergraduate programme is critical to ensuring that graduates meet the competency requirements to gain registration as a nurse. In response to the predicted nursing workforce shortage, universities have been significantly increasing the enrolment of undergraduate nurses into Bachelor of Nursing courses. This has placed a demand on the availability of clinical placements and often universities struggle to find appropriate places. In this study, a Bachelor of Nursing course incorporated an Integrated Clinical Learning Model (ICLM) for the first time during a mental health placement...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896318/pathology-specific-molecular-profiles-of-saliva-in-patients-with-multiple-dental-caries-potential-application-for-predictive-preventive-and-personalised-medical-services
#8
Pavel Seredin, Dmitry Goloshchapov, Yuri Ippolitov, Pimm Vongsvivut
Background: Improving the quality of life is part of the global agenda. The focus is predominantly on prevention of socially significant diseases. Combating dental caries-related diseases is a top priority as it has a huge impact on people's social lives. Therefore, the purpose of the work was to study the changes in the molecular composition of saliva from subjects with multiple caries lesions using spectroscopic methods of analysis to identify potential tissue markers of caries development for predictive, preventive and personalised medical services...
June 2018: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893181/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-prosthetists-and-orthotists-in-australia
#9
S Anderson, R Stuckey, J Oakman
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in prosthetists/orthotists working in Australia. Secondary to this, the relationship between work-related hazards and work-related musculoskeletal disorders will be examined. METHODS: In 2012 a self-report survey was conducted with the prosthetist/orthotist workforce in Australia (N=139, 56% response rate). Data on workplace physical and psychosocial hazards, job satisfaction, work life balance and musculoskeletal discomfort were collected...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889948/physical-activity-among-navajo-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#10
Jennifer W Bea, Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Luis Valdez, Brian Kinslow, Etta Yazzie, Mark C Lee, Pearl Nez, Shelby Dalgai, Anna Schwartz
Physical activity (PA) may improve quality of life and survival among cancer survivors; however, little is known about Navajo cancer survivor PA. We evaluated Navajo cancer survivor PA habits, barriers, and preferences through focus groups and interviews (n = 32). Transcripts were coded in NVivo and major themes summarized by consensus. Survivor exercise guidelines were largely unknown, but movement, resilience and life balance were valued. Most participants reported at ≥1 mode of current PA (n = 24; 71% walking, 46% work/homesteading)...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887165/nurses-experiences-of-end-of-life-photography-in-nicu-bereavement-support
#11
Sara Martel, Lori Ives-Baine
PURPOSE: To qualitatively explore neonatal intensive care nurses' experiences with end-of-life photography as part of their bereavement support work with families. DESIGN AND METHODS: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis with data collected through a focus group (n = 6) and one semi-structured interview (n = 1) with neonatal nurses from a Level 3/4 NICU in a Canadian pediatric hospital. RESULTS: Participants' comfort with EOL photography developed over time through exposure to bereavement scenarios and positive experiences with families...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877693/enabling-high-energy-density-cathode-for-lithium-sulfur-batteries
#12
Dongping Lu, Qiuyan Li, Jian Liu, Jianming Zheng, Yuxing Wang, Seth Ferrara, Jie Xiao, Ji-Guang Zhang, Jun Liu
High energy Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery is built on high-loading and dense sulfur electrodes. Unfortunately, these electrodes usually suffer from low sulfur utilization rate and limited cycle life due to the gap in scientific knowledge between the fundamental research and the application at relevant scales. In this work, effects of electrode porosity on the electrode energy density, cell cycling stability, Li anode interface, and electrolyte/sulfur ratio were investigated based on high loading sulfur electrodes...
June 7, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875812/differential-impact-of-landscape-scale-strategies-for-crop-cultivar-deployment-on-disease-dynamics-resistance-durability-and-long-term-evolutionary-control
#13
Julien Papaïx, Loup Rimbaud, Jeremy J Burdon, Jiasui Zhan, Peter H Thrall
A multitude of resistance deployment strategies have been proposed to tackle the evolutionary potential of pathogens to overcome plant resistance. In particular, many landscape-based strategies rely on the deployment of resistant and susceptible cultivars in an agricultural landscape as a mosaic. However, the design of such strategies is not easy as strategies targeting epidemiological or evolutionary outcomes may not be the same. Using a stochastic spatially explicit model, we studied the impact of landscape organization (as defined by the proportion of fields cultivated with a resistant cultivar and their spatial aggregation) and key pathogen life-history traits on three measures of disease control...
June 2018: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847674/career-preferences-and-perceptions-of-cardiology-among-us-internal-medicine-trainees-factors-influencing-cardiology-career-choice
#14
Pamela S Douglas, Anne K Rzeszut, C Noel Bairey Merz, Claire S Duvernoy, Sandra J Lewis, Mary Norine Walsh, Linda Gillam
Importance: Few data exist on internal medicine trainees' selection of cardiology training, although this is important for meeting future cardiology workforce needs. Objective: To discover trainees' professional development preferences and perceptions of cardiology, and their relationship to trainees' career choice. Design, Setting, and Participants: We surveyed trainees to discover their professional development preferences and perceptions of cardiology and the influence of those perceptions and preferences on the trainees' career choices...
May 30, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846209/planning-for-large-epidemics-and-pandemics-challenges-from-a-policy-perspective
#15
Vageesh Jain, Adriano Duse, Daniel G Bausch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Less than two decades into the 21st century, the world has already witnessed numerous large epidemics or pandemics. These events have highlighted inadequacies in both national and international capacity for outbreak prevention, detection, and response. Here, we review some of the major challenges from a policy perspective. RECENT FINDINGS: The most important challenges facing policymakers include financing outbreak preparedness and response in a complex political environment with limited resources, coordinating response efforts among a growing and diverse range of national and international actors, accurately assessing national outbreak preparedness, addressing the shortfall in the global biomedical workforce, building surge capacity of both human and material resources, balancing investments in public health and curative services, building capacity for outbreak-related research and development, and reinforcing measures for infection prevention and control...
May 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843802/challenges-to-the-israeli-healthcare-system-attracting-medical-students-to-primary-care-and-to-the-periphery
#16
Charles Weissman, Rachel Yaffa Zisk-Rony, Alexander Avidan, Uriel Elchalal, Howard Tandeter
BACKGROUND: The greatest challenges facing healthcare systems include ensuring a sufficient supply of primary care physicians and physicians willing to work in rural or peripheral areas. Especially challenging is enticing young physicians to practice primary care in rural/peripheral areas. Identifying medical students interested in primary care and in residencies in Israel's periphery should aid the healthcare leadership. It may be particularly important to do so during the clinical years, as this is the stage at which many future physicians begin to crystallize their specialty and location preferences...
May 29, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799145/work-settings-of-the-first-seven-cohorts-of-james-cook-university-bachelor-of-medicine-bachelor-of-surgery-graduates-meeting-a-social-accountability-mandate-through-contribution-to-the-public-sector-and-indigenous-health-services
#17
Torres Woolley, Tarun Sen Gupta, Sarah Larkins
OBJECTIVE: The James Cook University medical school's mission is to produce a workforce appropriate for the health needs of northern Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: James Cook University medical graduate data were obtained via cross-sectional survey of 180 early-career James Cook University medical graduates from 2005-2011 (response rate of 180/298 contactable graduates = 60%). Australian medical practitioner data for 2005-2009 graduates were obtained via the 2015 'Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life' wave 8 dataset...
May 25, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794715/gender-inequality-for-women-in-plastic-surgery-a-systematic-scoping-review
#18
Alexandra Bucknor, Parisa Kamali, Nicole Phillips, Irene Mathijssen, Hinne Rakhorst, Samuel J Lin, Heather Furnas
BACKGROUND: Previous research has highlighted the gender-based disparities present throughout the field of surgery. This study aims to evaluate the breadth of the issues facing women in plastic surgery, worldwide. METHODS: A systematic scoping review was undertaken from October of 2016 to January of 2017, with no restrictions on date or language. A narrative synthesis of the literature according to themed issues was developed, together with a summary of relevant numeric data...
June 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789874/the-interventional-radiology-ir-gender-gap-a-prospective-online-survey-by-the-cardiovascular-and-interventional-radiological-society-of-europe-cirse
#19
Tze Min Wah, Anna Maria Belli
AIM: A prospective online survey was conducted by the Cardiovascular Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) to evaluate the gender gap within interventional radiology (IR) and the barriers facing women in IR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire ("Appendix") was devised by the authors and the CIRSE communication and publication team and sent electronically to 750 identifiable female members of CIRSE. Responses were collected from 7 August to 24 August 2017...
May 22, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782368/tiny-moments-matter-promoting-professionalism-in-everyday-practice
#20
Elizabeth C Bernabeo, Benjamin Chesluk, Lorna Lynn
INTRODUCTION: Professionalism rests upon a number of individual, environmental, and societal level factors, leading to specific professional behavior in specific situations. Focusing on professional lapses to identify and remediate unprofessional physicians is incomplete. We explored professionalism in practicing internal medicine physicians in the context of everyday practice, to highlight how typical experiences contribute to positive, yet often unnoticed, professional behavior. METHODS: In-depth interviews were used to uncover 13 physicians' most meaningful experiences of professionalism...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
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