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Non Th2

H Jodaa Holm, S Skugor, A K Bjelland, S Radunovic, S Wadsworth, E O Koppang, Ø Evensen
Atlantic salmon skin tissues with and without scales were taken from two preferred sites of salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) attachment, behind the dorsal fin (scaled) and from the top of the head (scaleless), respectively. Tissues were profiled by qPCR of 32 genes to study responses to copepodids, 4 days post infection (dpi), and during the moult of copepodids to the chalimus stage, at 8 dpi. Basal/constitutive differences were found for many immune-related genes between the two skin sites; e.g., mannose binding protein C was over 100 fold higher expressed in the scaled skin from the back in comparison to the skin without scales from the head...
October 21, 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Mohammad Islamuddin, Garima Chouhan, Muzamil Yaqub Want, Hani A Ozbak, Hassan A Hemeg, Farhat Afrin
BACKGROUND: The therapy of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is limited by resistance, toxicity and decreased bioavailability of the existing drugs coupled with dramatic increase in HIV-co-infection, non-availability of vaccines and down regulation of cell-mediated immunity (CMI). Thus, we envisaged combating the problem with plant-derived antileishmanial drug that could concomitantly mitigate the immune suppression of the infected hosts. Several plant-derived compounds have been found to exert leishmanicidal activity via immunomodulation...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Menaga Ilangkovan, Ibrahim Jantan, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
BACKGROUND: Phyllanthin found in many Phyllanthus species has various biochemical and pharmacological properties especially on its hepatoprotective effects. However, its effect on the immune system has not been well documented. PURPOSE: In the present study, phyllanthin isolated from Phyllanthus amarus was investigated for its immunosuppressive effects on various cellular and humoral immune responses in Balb/C mice. METHODS: Male mice were treated daily at 20, 40 and 100mg/kg of phyllanthin for 14 days by oral gavage...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Hiroyuki Inoue, Jae-Hyun Park, Kazuma Kiyotani, Makda Zewde, Azusa Miyashita, Masatoshi Jinnin, Yukiko Kiniwa, Ryuhei Okuyama, Ryota Tanaka, Yasuhiro Fujisawa, Hiroshi Kato, Akimichi Morita, Jun Asai, Norito Katoh, Kenji Yokota, Masashi Akiyama, Hironobu Ihn, Satoshi Fukushima, Yusuke Nakamura
Immune checkpoint inhibitors blocking the interaction between programmed death-1 (PD-1) and PD-1 ligand-1 (PD-L1) are revolutionizing the cancer immunotherapies with durable clinical responses. Although high expression of PD-L1 in tumor tissues has been implicated to correlate with the better response to the anti-PD-1 therapies, this association has been controversial. In this study, to characterize immune microenvironment in tumors, we examined mRNA levels of immune-related genes and characterized T cell repertoire in the tumors of 13 melanoma patients before and after nivolumab treatment...
2016: Oncoimmunology
Chih-Hung Lee, Jau-Shiuh Chen, Hsien-Ching Chiu, Chien-Hui Hong, Ching-Yi Liu, Yng-Cun Ta, Li-Fang Wang
BACKGROUND: Epicutaneous immunization with allergens is an important sensitization route for atopic dermatitis. We recently showed in addition to the Th2 response following single epicutaneous immunization, a remarkable Th1 response is induced in B6 mice, but not in BALB/c mice, mimicking the immune response to allergens in human non-atopics and atopics. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the underlying mechanisms driving this differential Th1 response between BALB/c and B6 mice...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
Paul C Schröder, Sabina Illi, Vera I Casaca, Anna Lluis, Andreas Böck, Caroline Roduit, Martin Depner, Remo Frei, Jon Genuneit, Petra Ina Pfefferle, Marjut Roponen, Juliane Weber, Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer, Josef Riedler, Jean-Charles Dalphin, Juha Pekkanen, Roger Lauener, Erika von Mutius, Bianca Schaub, Anne Hyvärinen, Anne M Karvonen, Maija-Riitta Hirvonen, Pekka Tiittanen, Sami Remes, Vincent Kaulek, Marie-Laure Dalphin, Markus J Ege, Georg J Loss, Harald Renz, Gert Doekes, Michael Kabesch
BACKGROUND: Farm exposure protects against development of allergies early in life. At 4.5 years, protection against asthma by farm-milk exposure was partially mediated by regulatory T-cells (Tregs). The aim of this study was to investigate the critical time window of the "asthma-protective" farm effect via Tregs during childhood immune maturation. METHODS: Tregs were assessed longitudinally at 4.5 and 6 years in 111 children (56 farm, 55 reference children) from the PASTURE/EFRAIM birth cohort (flow-cytometry)...
October 12, 2016: Allergy
Hussein H Mwanga, Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie, Tanusha S Singh, Kalavati Channa, Mohamed F Jeebhay
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between exposure to organophosphate (OP) and pyrethroid (PYR) pesticides with serum cytokine patterns and asthma-related outcomes among rural women workers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among rural women (n = 211), including those working and living on farms and nearby town dwellers. Pesticide exposure was assessed using urinary metabolite concentrations of OP and PYR pesticides. Health outcome assessment was ascertained through the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) questionnaire, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), and serum cytokines associated with asthma...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yu Zhen, Lei Yao, Shuxia Zhong, Yang Song, Yan Cui, Shanshan Li
Accumulating studies have indicated that vitiligo, especially non-segmental vitiligo (NSV), is one kind of autoimmune diseases and CD4(+) T cells play important roles in the pathogenesis. However, there have been very limited data on the detailed changes of each of the CD4(+) T cell subsets in periphery in active NSV. To clarify this issue, we collected the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 30 patients with active NSV and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The percentages of circulating Th1, Th2, Th17 and Tregs were evaluated using flow cytometry and the expressions of their specific transcription factors T-bet, GATA3, RORγt and FOXP3 at mRNA level and protein levels were qualified by qPCR and flow cytometry, respectively...
September 29, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Dublu Lal Gupta, Sanjeev Bhoi, Teena Mohan, Sagar Galwnkar, D N Rao
INTRODUCTION: Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) developed due to the insult of trauma is a leading cause of death. The high mortality rate in these patients with and without sepsis has been reported up to 50%, throughout the world and thus required an urgent insight to overcome this problem. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the differential changes in subsets of T cells, imbalance in cytokine profile, immune-paralysis (T cell anergy) in Trauma hemorrhagic shock (THS) and post traumatic sepsis patients...
December 2016: Cytokine
Sardar Sindhu, Nadeem Akhter, Steve Shenouda, Ajit Wilson, Rasheed Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Fetuin-A/AHSH is a novel hepatokine that acts as a vascular calcification inhibitor and as an endogenous TLR-4 ligand. Fetuin-A may act as a positive or negative acute phase protein (APP) in disease conditions. The relationship between circulatory fetuin-A and inflammatory biomarkers in type-2 diabetes (T2D) remains controversial. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the plasma fetuin-A levels in 53 T2D (BMI = 29.7 ± 4.5 kg/m(2)) and 72 non-diabetic individuals (BMI = 28...
September 26, 2016: BMC Immunology
Joost Smit, Mary-Lène de Zeeuw-Brouwer, Manon van Roest, Govardus de Jong, Jolanda van Bilsen
The current methodology to identify allergenic food proteins is effective in identifying those that are likely to cross-react with known allergens. However, most assays show false positive results for low/non-allergens. Therefore, an ex vivo/in vitro DC-T cell assay and an in vivo mouse model were used to distinguish known allergenic food proteins (Ara h 1, β-Lactoglobulin, Pan b 1, bovine serum albumin, whey protein isolate) from low/non allergenic food proteins (soy lipoxygenase, gelatin, beef tropomyosin, rubisco, Sola t 1)...
September 20, 2016: Toxicology Letters
Tadahiro Goto, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
PURPOSE: Recent studies propose TH2-mediated inflammation in patients with asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS). However, little is known about whether fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) differs between patients with ACOS and those with COPD alone. To address this knowledge gap, a nationally representative sample was analyzed to determine the difference in FeNO levels between patients with ACOS and those with COPD alone in the US population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 through 2012...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Sara J Brown
Atopic eczema (synonymous with atopic dermatitis and eczema) is a common heterogeneous phenotype with a wide spectrum of severity from mild transient disease to a severe chronic disorder with atopic and non-atopic co-morbidities. Eczema is a complex trait, resulting from the interaction of multiple genetic and environmental factors. The skin, as an organ that can be biopsied easily, provides opportunities for detailed molecular genetic analysis. Strategies applied to the investigation of atopic eczema include candidate gene and genome-wide studies, extreme phenotypes and comparative analysis of inflammatory skin diseases...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Pathology
Marie-Pierre Piccinni, Letizia Lombardelli, Federica Logiodice, Ornela Kullolli, Paola Parronchi, Sergio Romagnani
Autoimmune disorders are characterized by tissue damage, caused by self-reactivity of different effectors mechanisms of the immune system, namely antibodies and T cells. Their occurrence may be associated with genetic and/or environmental predisposition and to some extent, have implications for fertility and obstetrics. The relationship between autoimmunity and reproduction is bidirectional. This review only addresses the impact of pregnancy on autoimmune diseases and not the influence of autoimmunity on pregnancy development...
2016: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
Priscila Vianna, Andressa Mondadori, Moises E Bauer, Dinara Dornfeld, Jose Artur Chies
During pregnancy the maternal immune system is tolerant to fetal antigens via the engagement of immune regulatory mechanisms. Failure in regulating the maternal immunity to fetal antigens may lead to preeclampsia (PE). We addressed the role of HLAG gene polymorphisms and protein expression as well as regulatory T cells and Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines in healthy and pathological pregnancies. Blood samples from 26 pregnant women with PE, 25 non-PE and 7 strictly healthy pregnant women were assessed. PBMCs were phenotyped for early activation markers (CD25 and CD69), regulatory T cell markers (CD8+CD28- and CD4+CD25highFoxp3+), ILT-2 (HLA-G receptor) and HLA-G...
September 20, 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Dennis Nurjadi, Marlon Kain, Patrick Marcinek, Marika Gaile, Klaus Heeg, Philipp Zanger
BACKGROUND:  Nasal colonization has gained attention as effect modifier in S. aureus vaccine trials, suggesting interference of carriage with T-cell immunity. Likewise, T-cell signals may be involved in regulating effectors of epithelial innate defense. METHODS:  Whole blood of 43 persistent and 49 non-carriers was stimulated with viable S. aureus Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokine expression was measured, compared between carrier groups, and linked with data on human beta-defensin-3 (hBD-3) mRNA in skin while adjusting for transcriptionally relevant promotor haplotypes...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Jiang Lijiao, L U Meiping, Guo Li, W U Jianqiang, Zou Lixia, X U Yiping
Objective: To investigate the serum levels of Th1/Th2 cytokines in children with non-systemic juvenile onset idiopathic arthritis (non-SOJIA). Methods: Clinical data of 41 children with non-SOJIA, including 11 cases of polyarthritis, 10 cases of oligoarthritis and 20 cases of enthesitis related JIA (ERA), admitted in Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine during November 2012 and May 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Serum levels of Th1/Th2 cytokines including IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ were measured by flow cytometry in patients with non-SOJIA, and compared with those in patients with SOJIA (SOJIA group, n=85) and healthy children (control group, n=202); their correlations with erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C reactive protein and CRP were analyzed...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
Magda Babina, Sven Guhl, Metin Artuc, Torsten Zuberbier
Mast cells (MCs), unique cellular elements of the body, are commonly associated with IgE-mediated reactions and manifestations of Th2-type immunity. A key characteristic of the lineage is its heterogeneity, with subsets displaying significant variation depending on maturation stage, species, tissue, microenvironment and other. Heterogeneity also affects MC responses to extracellular cues. Indeed, IL-4, the signature cytokine of Th2-immunity, can affect MCs in opposing ways ranging from the induction of apoptosis to positive regulation of lineage characteristics...
November 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Chunhong Wang, Zengsheng Chen, Xiangmao Bu, Yang Han, Shan Shan, Tao Ren, Weiqing Song
IL-33 is a member of IL-1 superfamily that drives production of Th2-related cytokines. Recently, accumulating evidence suggest an involvement of IL-33 in carcinogenesis. Herein, we determine a close correlation of IL-33 expression and cancer progress in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Overexpression of IL-33 by transfection with IL-33 expression vector enhances NSCLC outgrowth and metastasis, while genetic knockdown of IL-33 by transfection with IL-33 shRNA limits NSCLC progression. In consistent, IL-33 stimulation of NSCLC cells leads to robust NSCLC outgrowth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo...
October 21, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Takeshi Saito, Akemi Sakamoto, Masahiko Hatano, Jun Iwai, Yasuyuki Higashimoto, Hideo Yoshida
Purpose Systemic and local immune environments in human biliary atresia (BA) were analyzed. Methods Plasma concentrations of 19 inflammatory components in 16 preoperative BA patients (median age, 51 days), 13 normal controls (NCs) (44 days), and 15 cholestatic controls (CC) (23 days) were measured using flow cytometry, and compared according to post-Kasai outcomes in BA patients. Hepatic mRNA levels of representative helper T (Th) cell cytokines and forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) quantified by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction were compared between BA and non-BA...
September 16, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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