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Journal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647720/thinker-soldier-scribe-cross-sectional-study-of-researchers-roles-and-author-order-in-the-annals-of-internal-medicine
#1
Thomas V Perneger, Antoine Poncet, Marc Carpentier, Thomas Agoritsas, Christophe Combescure, Angèle Gayet-Ageron
OBJECTIVE: How researchers' contributions relate to author order on the byline remains unclear. We sought to identify researchers' contributions associated with author order, and to explore the existence of author profiles. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Published record. PARTICIPANTS: 1139 authors of 119 research articles published in 2015 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. PRIMARY OUTCOMES: Presence or absence of 10 contributions, reported by each author, published in the journal...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647509/a-review-of-acalypha-indica-l-euphorbiaceae-as-traditional-medicinal-plant-and-its-therapeutic-potential
#2
REVIEW
Nor Syahiran Zahidin, Syafiqah Saidin, Razauden Mohamed Zulkifli, Ida Idayu Muhamad, Harisun Ya'akob, Hadi Nur
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acalypha indica is an herbal plant that grows in wet, temperate and tropical region, primarily along the earth's equator line. This plant is considered by most people as a weed and can easily be found in these regions. Although this plant is a weed, Acalypha indica has been acknowledged by local people as a useful source of medicine for several therapeutic treatments. They consume parts of the plant for many therapeutics purposes such as anthelmintic, anti-ulcer, bronchitis, asthma, wound healing, anti-bacterial and other applications...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647158/a-systematic-review-of-unilateral-versus-bilateral-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures
#3
Shengping Yang, Changxian Chen, Hanlong Wang, Zhiqiang Wu, Lianqun Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the unilateral and bilateral approaches in treating osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. METHODS: Based on the principles and methods of the Cochrane systematic reviews, the records of the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese Bio-medicine database, China Journal Full-text Database, VIP database, and Wanfang database were reviewed until October 2014. The randomized controlled trials on unilateral and bilateral approaches to percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP)/percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures were included...
June 21, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646457/national-survey-among-radiation-oncology-residents-related-to-their-needs-in-geriatric-oncology
#4
Rachel Leifer, Bonnie Bristow, Martine Puts, Shabbir Alibhai, Xingshan Cao, Barbara-Ann Millar, Meredith Giuliani, Tina Hsu, Maureen Trudeau, Rajin Mehta, Ines Menjak, Mireille Norris, Barbara Liu, Francois Gallant, Ewa Szumacher
Currently, there is no formal curriculum addressing geriatric oncology within Canadian radiation oncology (RO) residency programs. Knowledge related to geriatric medicine may help radiation oncologists modify RT based on frailty status and geriatric considerations. Understanding specific learning needs allow program coordinators to align the current curriculum with residents' geriatric oncology learning needs. The purpose of this study is to determine the geriatric oncology educational needs of the Canadian RO residents and to inform Canadian RO residency training...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645974/assessing-medical-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-shared-decision-making-across-the-curriculum-protocol-for-an-international-online-survey-and-stakeholder-analysis
#5
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata Yen, Paul J Barr, Nan Cochran, Johanna Aarts, France Légaré, Malcolm Reed, A James O'Malley, Peter Scalia, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Glyn Elwyn
INTRODUCTION: Shared decision making (SDM) is a goal of modern medicine; however, it is not currently embedded in routine care. Barriers include clinicians’ attitudes, lack of knowledge and training and time constraints. Our goal is to support the development and delivery of a robust SDM curriculum in medical education. Our objective is to assess undergraduate medical students’ knowledge of and attitudes towards SDM in four countries. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The first phase of the study involves a web-based cross-sectional survey of undergraduate medical students from all years in selected schools across the United States (US), Canada and undergraduate and graduate students in the Netherlands...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645963/effectiveness-and-safety-of-moxibustion-treatment-for-non-specific-lower-back-pain-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#6
Jungtae Leem, Seunghoon Lee, Yeoncheol Park, Byung-Kwan Seo, Yeeun Cho, Jung Won Kang, Yoon Jae Lee, In-Hyuk Ha, Hyun-Jong Lee, Eun-Jung Kim, Sanghoon Lee, Dongwoo Nam
INTRODUCTION: Many patients experience acute lower back pain that becomes chronic pain. The proportion of patients using complementary and alternative medicine to treat lower back is increasing. Even though several moxibustion clinical trials for lower back pain have been conducted, the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion intervention is controversial. The purpose of this study protocol for a systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion treatment for non-specific lower back pain patients...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645384/nonoperative-management-of-appendicitis-a%C3%A2-paradigm%C3%A2-shift-july-2017-annals-of-emergency-medicine-journal-club
#7
Callie M Thompson, Wesley H Self, Tyler W Barrett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644748/paediatric-palliative-medicine-2nd-ed
#8
Roger Woodruff
Editor's Note The journal is delighted to continue a collaboration with the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) in publication of book reviews relevant to symptom control in advanced disease. These reviews are adapted from the work of Roger Woodruff, MD, FRACP, FAChPM, an internationally recognized oncologist and palliative care specialist physician from Australia. Dr. Woodruff's reviews appear concurrently or did so previously in the IAHPC Newsletter, which is accessible through the IAHPC Web site: http://hospicecare...
June 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643009/patient-satisfaction-and-its-influencing-factors-of-microtia-reconstruction-using-autologous-cartilage
#9
Chunxiao Cui, Shim Yoon Hoon, Ruhong Zhang, Qun Zhang, Zhicheng Xu, Feng Xu, Datao Li, Yiyuan Li
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate patient perceptions of and satisfaction with surgical outcomes of microtia reconstruction using autologous cartilage. It also analyzes associations between patient background characteristics and their evaluation. METHODS: Lobule-type microtia patients who had received first-stage surgery were interviewed using a questionnaire, which included assessment of nine auricle substructures, superior and inferior parts and overall impression...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643008/correction-of-rhytides-peau-d-orange-and-thin-dermis-of-the-face-by-neocollagenesis-using-novel-collagen-stimulating-slurry-protocol
#10
Steven Dominguez, Marek Dobke
We reviewed 200 patient records from 2009 to 2015 of individuals who presented at the authors offices for facial wrinkle reduction and who on physical examination had rhytides, peau d'orange, or thin dermis and underwent novel adipose slurry injections. The patients were evaluated at week 2, 1, 3 and 6 months revealing an 80, 60 and 40% improvement in rhytides and dermis density, respectively. We present the protocol and description of a reasonable alternative or adjunct to manufactured fillers that is comprised of autologous adipose, stem cells, and growth factor slurry...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643007/the-role-of-lipofilling-after-breast-reconstruction-evaluation-of-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction-with-breast-q
#11
Annalisa Cogliandro, Mauro Barone, Stefania Tenna, Marco Morelli Coppola, Paolo Persichetti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to measure patient satisfaction using the BREAST-Q reconstruction module in patients selected for lipofilling procedures after implant breast reconstructions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy patients who underwent breast reconstruction with or without delayed lipofilling were enrolled between 2011 and 2015, and they completed BREAST-Q surveys. We administered the questionnaire electronically 6 months and 1 year after surgery...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643006/complications-of-fat-transfer-for-breast-augmentation
#12
Paraskevas Kontoes, George Gounnaris
Autologous fat grafting is quite common for breast augmentations as well as for reconstructive breast surgery. Coleman has described the surgical technique of fat grafting. Fat is harvested, and after centrifugation and refinement, blunt infiltration cannulas are used to place the fat through small incisions. The grafted tissue is placed in small aliquots with each withdrawal of the cannula. In order to achieve an aesthetically pleasing contour of the breast, the fat should be layered into different levels from the chest wall to the skin...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642563/root-canal-treatment-outcomes-not-affected-by-increasing-age-of-patient
#13
Y Jo Wong
Data sourcesMedline, Cochrane CENTRAL databases; most recent two years of seven journals: (Acta Odontologica Scandinavica; Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology; Gerodontology; International Endodontic Journal; Journal of Endodontics; Journal of Oral Rehabilitation; and Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology).Study selectionTooth-based longitudinal prospective and retrospective studies, published in English from January 1950 to August 2013, assessing outcomes of NSRCT in adults with permanent teeth...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639070/osseous-cartilaginous-spreader-graft-and-nasal-framework-reconstruction
#14
Safvet Ors
Revision rhinoplasties and saddle nose deformities usually require grafting for reconstruction. Between January 1, 2000, and January 1, 2017, autologous rib grafts were used in 127 secondary and tertiary rhinoplasty patients [(57/127 females) and (70/127 males)]. Osseous-cartilaginous rib grafts (OCRGs) were divided into three parts (i.e., 1/3 upper peripheral, 1/3 central, and 1/3 lower peripheral). The harvested OCRGs were also shaped as vertical strips using a number 11 scalpel blade. These OCRGs were shaped to form the L-strut cartilaginous graft (LSCGs), osseous-cartilaginous spreader grafts (OCSGs), osseous-cartilaginous onlay grafts, nasal valve grafts (NVGs), and lower lateral cartilaginous grafts (LLCGs)...
June 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639069/the-application-of-3d-printing-technology-for-simultaneous-orthognathic-surgery-and-mandibular-contour-osteoplasty-in-the-treatment-of-craniofacial-deformities
#15
Yanju Xiao, Xiumei Sun, Lin Wang, Yaoyao Zhang, Kai Chen, Guomin Wu
BACKGROUND: Because of the limitation of specific preoperative design and surgical templates, orthognathic surgery and mandibular contour osteoplasty are generally performed in two stages. Three-dimensional printing technology has improved the accuracy of the surgery and results in good surgical predictability easily. This study aims to confirm the effectiveness, feasibility and precision of simultaneous mandibular contour osteoplasty and orthognathic surgery with the assistance of 3D printing technology...
June 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639068/what-about-the-rheological-properties-of%C3%A2-prp-microfat-mixtures-in-fat-grafting-procedure
#16
R Ghazouane, B Bertrand, C Philandrianos, J Veran, M Abellan, P Francois, M Velier, C Orneto, P Piccerelle, J Magalon
BACKGROUND: Fat grafting has emerged as a reference procedure in daily plastic surgery practice. Unpredictable fat resorption is the main clinical problem. For this purpose, the addition of PRP to enhance fat revascularization is now an easy and popular procedure. However, no consensus exists regarding the respective volume of fat and PRP used to obtain the ideal mixture. This study investigated the rheological properties of microfat mixed with different proportions of PRP. Results obtained were compared with commercialized hyaluronic acid fillers...
June 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638872/hemorheology-index-changes-in-a-rat-acute-blood-stasis-model-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Jun-Xiu Zhang, Yu Feng, Yin Zhang, Yi Liu, Shao-Dan Li, Ming-Hui Yang
BACKGROUND: Blood stasis has received increasing attention in research related to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and integrative Chinese and Western medicine. More than 90% of research studies use hemorheology indexes to evaluate the establishment of animal blood stasis models rather than pathological methods, as hemorheology index evaluations of blood stasis were short of the consolidated standard. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of hemorheology indexes in rat models of acute blood stasis (ABS) based on studies in which the ABS model had been confirmed by pathological methods...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638708/citation-classics-in-central-nervous-system-inflammatory-demyelinating-disease
#18
Jee-Eun Kim, Kang M Park, Yerim Kim, Dae Y Yoon, Jong S Bae
OBJECTIVES: To identify and analyze the characteristics of the most influential articles about central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory demyelinating disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science database and the 2014 Journal Citation Reports Science Edition were used to retrieve the top 100 cited articles on CNS inflammatory demyelinating disease. The citation numbers, journals, years of publication, authorships, article types, subjects and main issues were analyzed...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638141/al-mena-a-comprehensive-resource-of-human-genetic-variants-integrating-genomes-and-exomes-from-arab-middle-eastern-and-north-african-populations
#19
Remya Koshy, Anop Ranawat, Vinod Scaria
Middle East and North Africa (MENA) encompass very unique populations, with a rich history and encompasses characteristic ethnic, linguistic and genetic diversity. The genetic diversity of MENA region has been largely unknown. The recent availability of whole-exome and whole-genome sequences from the region has made it possible to collect population-specific allele frequencies. The integration of data sets from this region would provide insights into the landscape of genetic variants in this region. We integrated genetic variants from multiple data sets systematically, available from this region to create a compendium of over 26 million genetic variations...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637723/impact-of-consumer-copayments-for-subsidised-medicines-on-health-services-use-and-outcomes-a-protocol-using-linked-administrative-data-from-western-australia
#20
Karla L Seaman, Frank M Sanfilippo, Elizabeth E Roughead, Max K Bulsara, Anna Kemp-Casey, Caroline Bulsara, Gerald F Watts, David Preen
INTRODUCTION: Across the world, health systems are adopting approaches to manage rising healthcare costs. One common strategy is a medication copayments scheme where consumers make a contribution (copayment) towards the cost of their dispensed medicines, with remaining costs subsidised by the health insurance service, which in Australia is the Federal Government.In Australia, copayments have tended to increase in proportion to inflation, but in January 2005, the copayment increased substantially more than inflation...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
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