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Mona K Tawfik, Mohamed K El-Kherbetawy, Samy Makary
Hyperlipidemia and hypercoagulability states are linked with the increased risks of myocardial infarction (MI). Levosimendan has vasorelaxant and anti-aggregatory properties. The present study evaluated the anti-aggregatory and cardioprotective effects of levosimendan versus cilostazol in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed rats subjected to isoproterenol-induced MI. Rats were assigned to normal, HFD, HFD + isoproterenol, HFD + isoproterenol + cilostazol, and HFD + isoproterenol + levosimendan. The present study investigated the anti-aggregatory effect of both levosimendan and cilostazol and revealed that both drugs attenuated the severity of platelet aggregation...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Sohair Abd El-Kader El-Sayed, Runia Fouad El-Folly, Amr Mahmmoud Ahmed
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common cause of abnormal liver biochemistry and cryptogenic cirrhosis. Those with NAFLD have a higher prevalence of atherosclerosis, as shown by increased carotid artery intimal media thickness (CIMT). The aim of this study is to assess the co-incidence and prevalence between NAFLD and carotid atherosclerosis. In this study seventy-two subjects were categorized into 2 groups. GI: 52 patients diagnosed as NAFLD with diabetes mellitus type 2 or obesity or hyperlipedemia...
April 2014: Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
Zhi-Kang Yan, Zhi-Jie Yang, Feng Chen
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Zhongwan" (CV 12) on blood-lipid, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (HS-CRP) and adiponectin (ADPN) levels in hyperlipidemia rats, so as to study its mechanisms underlying improvement of hyperlipidemia. METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, manual acupuncture group and EA group (n = 8 in each group). Hyperlipedemia model was established by feeding the rats with high fat diet for 40 days...
October 2013: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Hussam Hamdy, M El-Kolly, H Ezzat, M Abbas, Y Farouk, M Naser, M Magdy, A Elraouf
Critical limb ischemia (CLI) in high surgical risk patients with chronic liver diseases has a grave prognosis with a one-year mortality rate of 20% and a one-year amputation rate of 25% after the initial diagnosis. According to Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC)-II Guidelines, revascularization (surgical & endovascular) is the treatment of choice for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). The primary goal of revascularization is to relieve ischemic rest pain, heal ulcers, prevent amputation, improve patient's quality of life (limb salvage) and secondary goal was the periprocedural complications...
August 2013: Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
Sang-Hak Lee, Sungha Park, Seok-Min Kang, Yangsoo Jang, Namsik Chung, Donghoon Choi
Postprandial triglyceride (TG) levels are easy to measure and are associated with future cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of statin monotherapy and low-dose statin/ezetimibe on lipid parameters including fasting and postprandial TG. After a 4-week dietary run-in period, 78 patients with combined hyperlipidemia were randomized into 1 of 2 treatment groups for 8 weeks: atorvastatin 20 mg or atorvastatin/ezetimibe 5 mg/5 mg. An oral fat load test was performed before and after the drug-treatment period...
March 2012: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Laurie C Dolan, Susan M Potter, George A Burdock
Although some investigators have hypothesized that ingestion of fructose from foods and beverages is responsible for the development of hyperlipidemia or obesity, a recent evidence-based review demonstrated that there was no relationship between the consumption of fructose in a normal dietary manner and the development of hyperlipidemia or increased weight in normal weight individuals. Because overweight and obese individuals may exhibit metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, hyperlipedemia, and/or alterations in gut hormones involved in appetite regulation, the findings of fructose studies performed in normal weight subjects may not be particularly relevant for overweight or obese subjects...
November 2010: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Zafar A Zaidi, Mary K Jacob
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of macular laser treatment on the visual acuity (VA) of Omani diabetic patients with clinically significant macular edema (CSME). Visual outcome was also correlated with duration and control of diabetes and presence or absence of hypertension and hyperlipidemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective noncomparative cohort study involving 101 eyes of 72 Omani diabetic patients. Change in VA was determined using Snellen's VA chart...
May 2009: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Sadaf Rasheed, Mohammad Tahir, Waqas Sami, Bushra Munir
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic value of Eugenia jambolana, commonly known as 'Jamun' in Hindi, has been recognized in different system of traditional medicine for the treatment of various conditions. Its seeds are used for the treatment of diabetes mellitus and hyperlipedemia by reducing the lipid levels in the body; this action is presumed to be due to blocking the action of enzyme 3-hydroxyl methyl glutaryl (HMG-CoA reductase in the liver. Herbal drugs are getting into use with the notion that these are relatively harmless; the practice has shown that many of them also have toxic effects...
January 2009: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
S W Nienhuijs, J P de Zoete, C A S Berende, I H J T de Hingh, J F Smulders
BACKGROUND: The sleeve gastrectomy is a surgical technique to treat morbid obesity by both restrictive and probably hormonal action. Originally developed as a first stage to gastric bypass, it is more and more performed as a sole procedure. Therefore it is important to report results on weight loss and reduction in co-morbidity. METHODS: A consecutive series of 74 morbid obese patients were evaluated. Parameters were operative variables, complications, weight loss and the need for medication for co-morbidity at least six months postoperatively...
2010: International Journal of Surgery
Ahmed Helmy
Non alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has gained a lot of attention recently due to the increased prevalence of diabetes, obesity, and hyperlipedemia. The endogenous compounds, endocannabinoids (ECBs), bind to the same receptors as tetrahydrocannabinol, the active component in marijuana and hashish. Recently, two G-proteins coupled, and specific receptors, to cannabinoids, CB1 & CB2, which act via adenylate cyclase and calcium channels, were described. In this brief review, we shed light on the possible relation between NASH and these proteins...
January 2006: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Doulat Rai Bajaj, Shah Muhammad Mahesar, Bekha Ram Devrajani, Muhammad Pervaiz Iqbal
OBJECTIVE: To determine the lipid abnormalities in patients with psoriasis and compare it with healthy controls. METHODS: Across-sectional controlled study was conducted at the Department of Dermatology Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad from January 2007 to November 2007. The study included 158 consecutive patients; among which 88 were males (44 patients and 44 controls) and 70 females (35 patients and 35 controls). The patients with psoriasis having less than 30% body involvement were included in the study...
August 2009: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Ahmad Settin, Moataz Dowaidar, Rizk El-Baz, Ayman Abd-Al-Samad, Ibrahim El-Sayed, Mahmoud Nasr
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is death or necrosis of myocardial cells due to lack of blood supply. One of the causes may be thrombosis resulting from inherited resistance to activated protein C caused by the factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation. OBJECTIVES: To check for the presence of FVL mutation among Egyptian cases with MI compared to normal population controls. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study is a form of a prospective controlled study including 44 MI cases with an age ranging from 25 to 80 years and sex of 36 males (81...
June 2008: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Scott A Kale, Robert L Barkin
The traditional relationship between physicians and drug companies is imperiled because the perceived clinical value of the sales detail is found to be increasingly barren of clinical relevancy by physicians. There is an urgent need to train physicians to more effectively mine and refine the data offered by pharma for the benefit of present and future patients. The ability of doctors to use medicines for chronic disease states such as chronic pain, diabetes, hyperlipedemias, depression would be vastly improved if doctors were in possession of clinically relevant data that pharma has, but does not share with clinicians...
September 2007: Journal of Opioid Management
Ellen Aasum, Ahmed Murtaz Khalid, Oddrun Anita Gudbrandsen, Ole-Jakob How, Rolf K Berge, Terje S Larsen
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) play an important role in the transcriptional regulation of lipid utilization and storage in several organs, including liver and heart. Our working hypothesis is that treatment of obesity/hyperlipedemia with the PPARalpha ligand fenofibrate leads to drainage of plasma lipids by the liver, resulting in reduced myocardial lipid supply, reduced myocardial fatty acid oxidation and improved myocardial tolerance to ischemic stress. Thus, we investigated changes in substrate utilization in heart and liver, as well as post-ischemic functional recovery in hearts from diet-induced obese (DIO) mice following long-term (11-12 weeks) treatment with fenofibrate...
January 2008: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Kanarath P Balachandran, Bikram Singh, Alastair Sandilands, Grigorii Popusoi, Paolo Rubino, Andreas Baumbach
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of direct coronary artery stenting without predilatation using drug eluting stents has not been firmly established. Concerns have been raised that this technique may be associated with increased risk of immediate and short term complications. METHODS: 68 consecutive patients with chronic stable angina and angiographically proven single vessel disease were randomised to undergo either direct coronary artery stenting or stenting after balloon predilation...
August 29, 2008: International Journal of Cardiology
Ying-she Zhao, Zhong-han Yang, Jian-sheng Feng, Jian-wei Jiang, Mei-yu Wu, Tian-hong Zhou
To elucidate abnormalities of LPL gene in hyperlipidemia in the Chinese population in Guangdong,genomic DNA was extracted from leukocyte of 258 patients with primary hyperlipidemia.A segment of LPL gene including exon 4 and its flanking sequences was analyzed by PCR-SSCP. The PCR products with abnormal SSCP pattern were cloned and sequenced. As a C-->T transition mutation at-6 bp of intron 3 was found in two Chinese with hyperlipidemia and the mutation was not found in 252 normolipidemic controls,the C-->T transition in intron 3 may be related to hyperlipedemia...
September 2002: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1964: Pediatrics
L A Voermans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 1970: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 1974: New England Journal of Medicine
J R DiPalma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1974: RN
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