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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683047/using-media-while-interacting-face-to-face-is-associated-with-psychosocial-well-being-and-personality-traits
#1
Mindy Lee, Karen Murphy, Glenda Andrews
Positive face-to-face human interactions are known to benefit well-being. Drawing upon previous work regarding the interference of media (via technological devices or print) in social interaction, the aim of this study was to identify whether using media during face-to-face interaction could potentially limit the positive effect of interaction on well-being. Participants were 437 university students who completed an online survey which assessed media multitasking behaviors, well-being (trait depression, trait anxiety, social anxiety, empathy, and psychological well-being), and personality traits (Big-5 and narcissism)...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681947/synergistic-integration-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-hydrostatic-pressure-in-the-expansion-and-maintenance-of-human-hematopoietic-progenitor-cells
#2
Yun Gyeong Kang, Jee-Yeong Jeong, Tae-Hee Lee, Ho Sup Lee, Jung-Woog Shin
Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) has been investigated to improve the clinical outcome of HSPC transplantation. However, ex vivo expansion of HSPCs still faces a major obstacle in that HPSCs tend to differentiate when proliferating. Here, we cocultured HSPCs with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and divided the HSPCs into two fractions according to whether they came into adherent to MSCs or not. Additionally, we used hydrostatic pressure (HP) to mimic the physical conditions in vivo ...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681793/autonomic-and-brain-morphological-predictors-of-stress-resilience
#3
REVIEW
Luca Carnevali, Julian Koenig, Andrea Sgoifo, Cristina Ottaviani
Stressful life events are an important cause of psychopathology. Humans exposed to aversive or stressful experiences show considerable inter-individual heterogeneity in their responses. However, the majority does not develop stress-related psychiatric disorders. The dynamic processes encompassing positive and functional adaptation in the face of significant adversity have been broadly defined as resilience . Traditionally, the assessment of resilience has been confined to self-report measures, both within the general community and putative high-risk populations...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681778/relationship-between-angular-measurements-and-facial-shape-of-young-ivorians-with-normal-dental-occlusion
#4
Moussa Diomande, Jean-Bertin Beugre, Mariam Konaté Kady Koueita, Frédéric Vaysse
Objective: The aim of this study was to perform an analysis of angular measurements (from both the full face and profile), according to shapes of the human face. Method: It was a descriptive and cross-sectional study of 108 black Ivorian subjects. For each subject selected, two standardized photographs (full face and profile) were taken, followed by anthropometric measurements. The data collected were analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 statistics software for Windows...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681140/physician-s-awareness-of-lung-cancer-screening-and-its-related-medical-radiation-exposure-in-korea
#5
Seri Hong, Suyeon Kim, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park, Kui Son Choi, Jae Kwan Jun
OBJECTIVES: Through a survey on perception of lung cancer screening and accompanying medical radiation exposure in Korea, the present study was to investigate its current situations and evaluate various perception of physicians regarding it in order to propose measures for improvements. METHODS: Medical specialists in national cancer screening institutions selected through stratified random sampling were subjected to face-to-face interview using a structured questionnaire...
2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678803/value-of-face-to-face-interactions-between-clinician-educators-and-patients-or-students-to-improve-health-care-education
#6
Manisha Singh
The power and outreach of the media is enormous and has restructured our society today; the author acknowledges the impact and appreciates the outreach. However, I question the relative lack of focus on physical human interactions and express concern over future training efforts. I have compared and attempted to highlight the components of two interaction scenarios: those of teacher-student, and those of physician-patient. The physician-educators need to generate a discussion regarding the value of each interaction...
April 20, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678757/ultra-coarse-single-glance-human-face-detection-in-a-dynamic-visual-stream
#7
Genevieve L Quek, Joan Liu-Shuang, Valérie Goffaux, Bruno Rossion
Effective human interaction depends on our ability to rapidly detect faces in dynamic visual environments. Here we asked how basic units of visual information (spatial frequencies, or SF) contribute to this fundamental brain function. Human observers viewed initially blurry, unrecognizable natural object images presented at a fast 12 Hz rate and parametrically increasing in SF content over the course of 1 min. By inserting highly variable natural face images as every 8th stimulus we captured an objective neural index of face detection in participants' electroencephalogram (EEG) at exactly 1...
April 17, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676813/efficacy-of-extracting-indices-from-large-scale-acoustic-recordings-to-monitor-biodiversity
#8
Rachel Buxton, Megan F McKenna, Mary Clapp, Erik Meyer, Erik Stabenau, Lisa M Angeloni, Kevin Crooks, George Wittemyer
Passive acoustic monitoring has the potential to be a powerful approach for assessing biodiversity across large spatial and temporal scales. However, extracting meaningful information from recordings can be prohibitively time consuming. Acoustic indices offer a relatively rapid method for processing acoustic data and are increasingly used to characterize biological communities. We examine the ability of acoustic indices to predict the diversity and abundance of biological sounds within recordings. First we reviewed the acoustic index literature and found that over 60 indices have been applied to a range of objectives with varying success...
April 20, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674990/emotion-recognition-as-a-real-strength-in-williams-syndrome-evidence-from-a-dynamic-non-verbal-task
#9
Laure Ibernon, Claire Touchet, Régis Pochon
The hypersocial profile characterizing individuals with Williams syndrome (WS), and particularly their attraction to human faces and their desire to form relationships with other people, could favor the development of their emotion recognition capacities. This study seeks to better understand the development of emotion recognition capacities in WS. The ability to recognize six emotions was assessed in 15 participants with WS. Their performance was compared to that of 15 participants with Down syndrome (DS) and 15 typically developing (TD) children of the same non-verbal developmental age, as assessed with Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices (RCPM; Raven et al...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674774/-psychiatrist-burnout-or-psychiatric-assistance-burnout
#10
Vincenzo Manna, Francesca Dicuonzo
In recent years, mature industrial countries are rapidly changing from production economies to service economies. In this new socio-economic context, particular attention has been paid to mental health problems in the workplace. The risk of burnout is significantly higher for certain occupations, in particular for health workers. Doctors and psychiatrists, in particular, quite frequently have to make quick decisions by dealing with a huge amount of requests, which often require considerable assumptions of responsibility...
March 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674307/assessing-therapeutic-alliance-in-the-context-of-mhealth-interventions-for-mental-health-problems-development-of-the-mobile-agnew-relationship-measure-marm-questionnaire
#11
Katherine Berry, Amy Salter, Rohan Morris, Susannah James, Sandra Bucci
BACKGROUND: Digital health interventions in the form of smartphone apps aim to improve mental health and enable people access to support as and when needed without having to face the stigma they may experience in accessing services. If we are to evaluate mobile health (mHealth) apps and advance scientific understanding, we also need tools to help us understand in what ways mHealth interventions are effective or not. The concept of therapeutic alliance, a measure of the quality of the relationship between a health care provider and a service user, is a key factor in explaining the effects of mental health interventions...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673227/air-pollution-forecasts-an-overview
#12
REVIEW
Lu Bai, Jianzhou Wang, Xuejiao Ma, Haiyan Lu
Air pollution is defined as a phenomenon harmful to the ecological system and the normal conditions of human existence and development when some substances in the atmosphere exceed a certain concentration. In the face of increasingly serious environmental pollution problems, scholars have conducted a significant quantity of related research, and in those studies, the forecasting of air pollution has been of paramount importance. As a precaution, the air pollution forecast is the basis for taking effective pollution control measures, and accurate forecasting of air pollution has become an important task...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673184/penetration-enhancement-of-topical-formulations
#13
EDITORIAL
Keng Wooi Ng
This special issue, which is entitled “Penetration Enhancement of Topical Formulations”, presents a selection of the latest research that elucidates the challenges facing topical formulations for human skin in addition to proposing interesting solutions.[…].
April 17, 2018: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672553/memory-deficits-for-facial-identity-in-patients-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci
#14
Egemen Savaskan, Daniel Summermatter, Clemens Schroeder, Hartmut Schächinger
Faces are among the most relevant social stimuli revealing an encounter's identity and actual emotional state. Deficits in facial recognition may be an early sign of cognitive decline leading to social deficits. The main objective of the present study is to investigate if individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment show recognition deficits in facial identity. Thirty-seven individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment, multiple-domain (15 female; age: 75±8 yrs.) and forty-one healthy volunteers (24 female; age 71±6 yrs...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669933/requisite-endothelial-reactivation-and-effective-sirna-nanoparticle-targeting-of-etv2-er71-in-tumor-angiogenesis
#15
Ashraf Ul Kabir, Tae-Jin Lee, Hua Pan, Jeffrey C Berry, Karen Krchma, Jun Wu, Fang Liu, Hee-Kyoung Kang, Kristina Hinman, Lihua Yang, Samantha Hamilton, Qingyu Zhou, Deborah J Veis, Robert P Mecham, Samuel A Wickline, Mark J Miller, Kyunghee Choi
Angiogenesis, new blood vessel formation from preexisting vessels, is critical for solid tumor growth. As such, there have been efforts to inhibit angiogenesis as a means to obstruct tumor growth. However, antiangiogenic therapy faces major challenges to the selective targeting of tumor-associated-vessels, as current antiangiogenic targets also disrupt steady-state vessels. Here, we demonstrate that the developmentally critical transcription factor Etv2 is selectively upregulated in both human and mouse tumor-associated endothelial cells (TAECs) and is required for tumor angiogenesis...
April 19, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669921/a-selective-class-of-inhibitors-for-the-clc-ka-chloride-ion-channel
#16
Anna K Koster, Chase A P Wood, Rhiannon Thomas-Tran, Tanmay S Chavan, Jonas Almqvist, Kee-Hyun Choi, J Du Bois, Merritt Maduke
CLC proteins are a ubiquitously expressed family of chloride-selective ion channels and transporters. A dearth of pharmacological tools for modulating CLC gating and ion conduction limits investigations aimed at understanding CLC structure/function and physiology. Herein, we describe the design, synthesis, and evaluation of a collection of N -arylated benzimidazole derivatives (BIMs), one of which (BIM1) shows unparalleled (>20-fold) selectivity for CLC-Ka over CLC-Kb, the two most closely related human CLC homologs...
April 18, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668392/recognizing-facial-slivers
#17
Sharon Gilad-Gutnick, Elia Samuel Harmatz, Kleovoulos Tsourides, Galit Yovel, Pawan Sinha
We report here an unexpectedly robust ability of healthy human participants ( n = 40) to recognize extremely distorted needle-like facial images, challenging the well-entrenched notion that veridical spatial configuration is necessary for extracting facial identity. In face identification tasks of parametrically compressed internal and external features, we found that the sum of performances on each cue falls significantly short of performance on full faces, despite the equal visual information available from both measures (with full faces essentially being a superposition of internal and external features)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668390/planning-complexity-registers-as-a-cost-in-metacontrol
#18
Wouter Kool, Samuel J Gershman, Fiery A Cushman
Decision-making algorithms face a basic tradeoff between accuracy and effort (i.e., computational demands). It is widely agreed that humans can choose between multiple decision-making processes that embody different solutions to this tradeoff: Some are computationally cheap but inaccurate, whereas others are computationally expensive but accurate. Recent progress in understanding this tradeoff has been catalyzed by formalizing it in terms of model-free (i.e., habitual) versus model-based (i.e., planning) approaches to reinforcement learning...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667089/sex-skull-length-breed-and-age-predict-how-dogs-look-at-faces-of-humans-and-conspecifics
#19
Zsófia Bognár, Ivaylo B Iotchev, Enikő Kubinyi
The gaze of other dogs and humans is informative for dogs, but it has not been explored which factors predict face-directed attention. We used image presentations of unfamiliar human and dog heads, facing the observer (portrait) or facing away (profile), and measured looking time responses. We expected dog portraits to be aversive, human portraits to attract interest, and tested dogs of different sex, skull length and breed function, which in previous work had predicted human-directed attention. Dog portraits attracted longer looking times than human profiles...
April 17, 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667059/energy-and-environmental-impact-analysis-of-rice-cultivation-and-straw-management-in-northern-thailand
#20
Sanwasan Yodkhum, Sate Sampattagul, Shabbir H Gheewala
Rice cultivation and energy use for rice production can produce the environmental impacts, especially related to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Also, rice straw open burning by farmers generally practiced after harvesting stage in Thailand for removing the residues in the rice field is associated with emissions of air pollutants, especially particulate matter formation that affects human health and global climate. This study assessed the environmental burdens, consisting of GHG emissions, energy use, and particulate matter formation (PM10), from rice cultivation in Thailand by life cycle assessment (LCA) and compared the environmental burdens of rice straw management scenarios: open burning, incorporation into soil, and direct combustion for electricity generation...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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