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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928139/impact-of-multiple-extragenital-warts-on-quality-of-life-in-immune-competent-egyptian-adults-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#1
Eman Salah
Background: Extragenital warts (E-GWs) are common benign skin lesions caused by human papilloma virus. Surprisingly, there is no clear data about the impact of multiple E-GWs on quality of life in immune-competent adult patients in comparison to GWs, which have been frequently reported to exhibit a strong negative impact on life quality. Patients and methods: This cross-sectional study investigated the impact of multiple E-GWs on quality of life in immune-competent adults as they are more commonly encountered in daily practice than their genital counterpart in the Egyptian population...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928117/pharmacists-training-to-improve-inhaler-technique-of-patients-with-copd-in-vietnam
#2
Tu-Son Nguyen, Thi Lien Huong Nguyen, Thi Thuy Van Pham, Susan Hua, Quy Chau Ngo, Shu Chuen Li
Background: Incorrect use of inhalers is very common and subsequently leads to poor control of COPD. Among health care providers, pharmacists are in the best position to educate patients about the correct use of inhaler devices. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmacist-led training on the improvement of inhaler technique for COPD patients in Vietnam. Patients and methods: For this pre- and post-intervention study, standardized checklists of correct use of metered-dose inhalers (MDIs) and dry powder inhalers (DPIs) were used to evaluate the inhaler technique...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927620/vulnerable-articulations-the-opportunities-and-challenges-of-illness-and-recovery
#3
Catherine Trundle, Hannah Gibson, Lara Bell
Medical anthropology overwhelmingly reveals vulnerability as a problem of powerlessness. Vulnerable groups and individuals are those exposed to the pernicious effects of inequalities, injustices, and oppressive political realities. This largely pejorative stance, we argue, simplifies the place of vulnerability within human experience and in relation to the body, health and illness. By showcasing a range of interlocking vulnerabilities, this paper reveal the spectrum of positive and negative vulnerabilities that affect health and recovery...
June 21, 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927017/a-lifeworld-phenomenological-study-of-the-experience-of-living-within-ageing-skin
#4
Fiona Cowdell, Kathleen T Galvin
Understanding people's experience of skin ageing as it is lived can enable sensitive approaches to promoting healthy skin and to care in general. By understanding the insider perspective, what it is like for individuals, a way to sensitise practice for more humanly sensitive care is offered. Through interviews with seventeen community-dwelling older people, the essential meaning of living within ageing skin was illuminated as a state of managed inevitability. The skin is inevitably changing, and ageing skin is a marker of change over time but the person within remains...
June 21, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925617/future-effects-of-climate-and-land-use-change-on-terrestrial-vertebrate-community-diversity-under-different-scenarios
#5
Tim Newbold
Land-use and climate change are among the greatest threats facing biodiversity, but understanding their combined effects has been hampered by modelling and data limitations, resulting in part from the very different scales at which land-use and climate processes operate. I combine two different modelling paradigms to predict the separate and combined (additive) effects of climate and land-use change on terrestrial vertebrate communities under four different scenarios. I predict that climate-change effects are likely to become a major pressure on biodiversity in the coming decades, probably matching or exceeding the effects of land-use change by 2070...
June 27, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925608/respectful-care-of-human-dignity-how-is-it-perceived-by-patients-and-nurses
#6
Rahime Aydın Er, Aysel İncedere, Selda Öztürk
OBJECTIVE: Dignified care protects the patient's rights and provides appropriate ethical care while improving the quality of nursing care. In this context, the opinions of nurses and patients who receive nursing care about dignified care are important. The aim of this study was to explore the opinions and experiences of Turkish patients and nurses about respectful care of human dignity. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Turkey. Participants were inpatients at cardiology, neurology and neurosurgery clinics and nurses working in these clinics...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924886/integrative-interdisciplinary-approaches-to-critical-infrastructure-interdependency-analysis
#7
Diana Mitsova
There is a growing understanding that cross-sector risks faced by critical infrastructure assets in natural disasters require a collaborative foresight from multiple disciplines. However, current contributions to infrastructure interdependency analysis remain centered in discipline-specific methodologies often constrained by underlying theories and assumptions. This perspective article contributes to ongoing discussions about the uses, challenges, and opportunities provided by interdisciplinary research in critical infrastructure interdependency analysis...
June 20, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923855/going-along-with-it-neonatal-intensive-care-nurses-views-of-a-donor-milk-practice-change
#8
Alaina R Miller, Kimberly Fenstermacher, Barbara L Buchko
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Donor human milk (DHM) is used when a mother's own milk is not available. Donor human milk is available as a frozen pasteurized or commercially sterilized product. An abrupt change in practice in use of donor milk products raised concerns among nurses caring for infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The change in practice occurred without the input of nurses and without the sharing of supportive evidence with them. The purpose of this study was to explore NICU nurses' perceptions of the practice change from using frozen pasteurized DHM to using sterilized DHM in this context...
June 19, 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923181/surgery-in-space
#9
REVIEW
S S Panesar, K Ashkan
BACKGROUND: There has been renewed public interest in manned space exploration owing to novel initiatives by private and governmental bodies. Long-term goals include manned missions to, and potential colonization of, nearby planets. Travel distances and mission length required for these would render Earth-based treatment and telemedical solutions unfeasible. These issues present an anticipatory challenge to planners, and novel or adaptive medical technologies must therefore be devised to diagnose and treat the range of medical issues that future space travellers will encounter...
June 19, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923158/orienting-asymmetries-and-physiological-reactivity-in-dogs-response-to-human-emotional-faces
#10
Marcello Siniscalchi, Serenella d'Ingeo, Angelo Quaranta
Recent scientific literature shows that emotional cues conveyed by human vocalizations and odours are processed in an asymmetrical way by the canine brain. In the present study, during feeding behaviour, dogs were suddenly presented with 2-D stimuli depicting human faces expressing the Ekman's six basic emotion (e.g. anger, fear, happiness, sadness, surprise, disgust, and neutral), simultaneously into the left and right visual hemifields. A bias to turn the head towards the left (right hemisphere) rather than the right side was observed with human faces expressing anger, fear, and happiness emotions, but an opposite bias (left hemisphere) was observed with human faces expressing surprise...
June 19, 2018: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922508/primates-in-peril-the-significance-of-brazil-madagascar-indonesia-and-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-for-global-primate-conservation
#11
Alejandro Estrada, Paul A Garber, Russell A Mittermeier, Serge Wich, Sidney Gouveia, Ricardo Dobrovolski, K A I Nekaris, Vincent Nijman, Anthony B Rylands, Fiona Maisels, Elizabeth A Williamson, Julio Bicca-Marques, Agustin Fuentes, Leandro Jerusalinsky, Steig Johnson, Fabiano Rodrigues de Melo, Leonardo Oliveira, Christoph Schwitzer, Christian Roos, Susan M Cheyne, Maria Cecilia Martins Kierulff, Brigitte Raharivololona, Mauricio Talebi, Jonah Ratsimbazafy, Jatna Supriatna, Ramesh Boonratana, Made Wedana, Arif Setiawan
Primates occur in 90 countries, but four-Brazil, Madagascar, Indonesia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)-harbor 65% of the world's primate species (439) and 60% of these primates are Threatened, Endangered, or Critically Endangered (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017-3). Considering their importance for global primate conservation, we examine the anthropogenic pressures each country is facing that place their primate populations at risk. Habitat loss and fragmentation are main threats to primates in Brazil, Madagascar, and Indonesia...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921706/dopamine-d2-receptor-supersensitivity-as-a-spectrum-of-neurotoxicity-and-status-in-psychiatric-disorders
#12
Richard M Kostrzewa, Karolina Wydra, Malgorzata Filip, Cynthia Crawford, Sanders A McDougall, Russell W Brown, Dasiel O Borroto-Escuela, Kjell Fuxe, Raul R Gainetdinov
Abnormality of dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) function, often observed as D2R supersensitivity (D2RSS), is a commonality of schizophrenia and related psychiatric disorders in humans. Moreover, virtually all psychotherapeutic agents for schizophrenia target D2R in brain. Permanent D2RSS as a feature of a new animal model of schizophrenia was first reported in 1991, then behaviorally and biochemically characterized over the next 15-20 years. In this model of schizophrenia characterized by production of D2RSS in ontogeny, there are demonstrated alterations of signaling processes; as well as functional links between the biologic template of the animal model; and ability of pharmacotherapeutics to modulate or reverse biological and behavioral modalities towards normality...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917229/digest-local-adaptation-at-close-quarters
#13
Chloé Schmidt, Colin Garroway
Although the theory of how gene flow and genetic drift interact with local adaptation is well understood, few empirical studies have examined this process. Hämälä et al. (2018) present evidence that adaptive divergence between populations of Arabidopsis lyrata can persist in the face of relatively high levels of gene flow and drift. Maintaining divergence despite gene flow and drift has important implications for understanding adaptive responses of populations in response to human-driven environmental change...
June 19, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916959/cost-effectiveness-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-women-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa-a-mathematical-modeling-study
#14
Nicole G Campos, Naomi Lince-Deroche, Carla J Chibwesha, Cynthia Firnhaber, Jennifer S Smith, Pam Michelow, Gesine Meyer-Rath, Lise Jamieson, Suzette Jordaan, Monisha Sharma, Catherine Regan, Stephen Sy, Gui Liu, Vivien Tsu, Jose Jeronimo, Jane J Kim
BACKGROUND: Women with HIV face an increased risk of human papillomavirus (HPV) acquisition and persistence, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, and invasive cervical cancer. Our objective was to determine the cost-effectiveness of different cervical cancer screening strategies among women with HIV in South Africa. METHODS: We modified a mathematical model of HPV infection and cervical disease to reflect co-infection with HIV. The model was calibrated to epidemiologic data from HIV-infected women in South Africa...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916808/evaluation-and-management-strategies-for-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-in-drinking-water-aquifers-perspectives-from-impacted-u-s-northeast-communities
#15
Jennifer L Guelfo, Thomas Marlow, David M Klein, David A Savitz, Scott Frickel, Michelle Crimi, Eric M Suuberg
BACKGROUND: Multiple Northeast U.S. communities have discovered per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in drinking water aquifers in excess of health-based regulatory levels or advisories. Regional stakeholders (consultants, regulators, and others) need technical background and tools to mitigate risks associated with exposure to PFAS-affected groundwater. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to identify challenges faced by stakeholders to extend best practices to other regions experiencing PFAS releases and to establish a framework for research strategies and best management practices...
June 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916446/native-larvivorous-fish-diversity-as-a-biological-control-agent-against-mosquito-larvae-in-an-endemic-malarious-region-of-ranchi-district-in-jharkhand-india
#16
Manoj Kumar Das, M Rajesh Kumar Rao, A K Kulsreshtha
Background & objectives: Mosquitoes are responsible for transmitting several diseases, including malaria, dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, and yellow fever, etc. Release of larvivorous fishes is one of the cheapest method of vector management approach, with long suppression of mosquito population. The present study identifies the native larvivorous fishes and evaluates their potential larvivoracity for biological control of mosquito larvae in an endemic malarious region. Methods: During the year 2012-13, an ecological descriptive study was carried out in diverse aquatic habitats of fish species found in different areas of Ranchi district, in Jharkhand state of India...
January 2018: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916060/the-face-specific-proportion-congruency-effect-social-stimuli-as-contextual-cues
#17
Gloria Jiménez-Moya, Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón, Juan Lupiáñez
Previous research shows that larger interference is observed in contexts associated with a high proportion of congruent trials than in those associated with a low proportion of congruent trials. Given that one of the most relevant contexts for human beings is social context, researchers have recently explored the possibility that social stimuli could also work as contextual cues for the allocation of attentional control. In fact, it has been shown that individuals use social categories (i.e., men and women) as cues to allocate attentional control...
June 18, 2018: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915331/oak-genome-reveals-facets-of-long-lifespan
#18
Christophe Plomion, Jean-Marc Aury, Joëlle Amselem, Thibault Leroy, Florent Murat, Sébastien Duplessis, Sébastien Faye, Nicolas Francillonne, Karine Labadie, Grégoire Le Provost, Isabelle Lesur, Jérôme Bartholomé, Patricia Faivre-Rampant, Annegret Kohler, Jean-Charles Leplé, Nathalie Chantret, Jun Chen, Anne Diévart, Tina Alaeitabar, Valérie Barbe, Caroline Belser, Hélène Bergès, Catherine Bodénès, Marie-Béatrice Bogeat-Triboulot, Marie-Lara Bouffaud, Benjamin Brachi, Emilie Chancerel, David Cohen, Arnaud Couloux, Corinne Da Silva, Carole Dossat, François Ehrenmann, Christine Gaspin, Jacqueline Grima-Pettenati, Erwan Guichoux, Arnaud Hecker, Sylvie Herrmann, Philippe Hugueney, Irène Hummel, Christophe Klopp, Céline Lalanne, Martin Lascoux, Eric Lasserre, Arnaud Lemainque, Marie-Laure Desprez-Loustau, Isabelle Luyten, Mohammed-Amin Madoui, Sophie Mangenot, Clémence Marchal, Florian Maumus, Jonathan Mercier, Célia Michotey, Olivier Panaud, Nathalie Picault, Nicolas Rouhier, Olivier Rué, Camille Rustenholz, Franck Salin, Marçal Soler, Mika Tarkka, Amandine Velt, Amy E Zanne, Francis Martin, Patrick Wincker, Hadi Quesneville, Antoine Kremer, Jérôme Salse
Oaks are an important part of our natural and cultural heritage. Not only are they ubiquitous in our most common landscapes 1 but they have also supplied human societies with invaluable services, including food and shelter, since prehistoric times 2 . With 450 species spread throughout Asia, Europe and America 3 , oaks constitute a critical global renewable resource. The longevity of oaks (several hundred years) probably underlies their emblematic cultural and historical importance. Such long-lived sessile organisms must persist in the face of a wide range of abiotic and biotic threats over their lifespans...
June 18, 2018: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915066/gravity-of-human-impacts-mediates-coral-reef-conservation-gains
#19
Joshua E Cinner, Eva Maire, Cindy Huchery, M Aaron MacNeil, Nicholas A J Graham, Camilo Mora, Tim R McClanahan, Michele L Barnes, John N Kittinger, Christina C Hicks, Stephanie D'Agata, Andrew S Hoey, Georgina G Gurney, David A Feary, Ivor D Williams, Michel Kulbicki, Laurent Vigliola, Laurent Wantiez, Graham J Edgar, Rick D Stuart-Smith, Stuart A Sandin, Alison Green, Marah J Hardt, Maria Beger, Alan M Friedlander, Shaun K Wilson, Eran Brokovich, Andrew J Brooks, Juan J Cruz-Motta, David J Booth, Pascale Chabanet, Charlotte Gough, Mark Tupper, Sebastian C A Ferse, U Rashid Sumaila, Shinta Pardede, David Mouillot
Coral reefs provide ecosystem goods and services for millions of people in the tropics, but reef conditions are declining worldwide. Effective solutions to the crisis facing coral reefs depend in part on understanding the context under which different types of conservation benefits can be maximized. Our global analysis of nearly 1,800 tropical reefs reveals how the intensity of human impacts in the surrounding seascape, measured as a function of human population size and accessibility to reefs ("gravity"), diminishes the effectiveness of marine reserves at sustaining reef fish biomass and the presence of top predators, even where compliance with reserve rules is high...
June 18, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914153/dietary-influence-on-body-fluid-acid-base-and-volume-balance-the-deleterious-norm-furthers-and-cloaks-subclinical-pathophysiology
#20
Qi Qian
The popular modern diet, characterized by an excess of animal protein and salt but insufficient in fruits, vegetables and water, is a poor fit for human physiological and homeostatic regulatory systems. Sustained net acid and sodium retention, coupled with an insufficient intake of cardiovascular protective potassium-rich foods and hydration in the modern diet can give rise to debilitating chronic organ dysfunction and ultimately, mortality. This holds true, especially in our aging population who are already facing inevitable decline in organ functional reserve...
June 16, 2018: Nutrients
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