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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231533/synthesis-characterization-and-dna-binding-cleavage-protein-binding-and-cytotoxicity-studies-of-co-ii-ni-ii-cu-ii-and-zn-ii-complexes-of-aminonaphthoquinone
#1
A Kosiha, C Parthiban, Kuppanagounder P Elango
The Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes of an aminonaphthoquinone ligand (L) have been prepared and characterized using analytical and spectral techniques. The structures of L and its Zn(II) complex are confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction study. The results indicate that Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes possess tetrahedral geometry while Cu(II) complex exhibits square planar structure. The interaction of L and its complexes with CT-DNA reveal that they could interact with CT-DNA through intercalation...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225062/cationic-polymethacrylate-modified-liposomes-significantly-enhanced-doxorubicin-delivery-and-antitumor-activity
#2
Wenxi Wang, Anna Shao, Nan Zhang, Jinzhang Fang, Jennifer Jin Ruan, Benfang Helen Ruan
Liposome (LP) encapsulation of doxorubicin (DOX) is a clinically validated method for cancer drug delivery, but its cellular uptake is actually lower than the free DOX. Therefore, we modified DOX-LP with a cationic polymer (Eudragit RL100; ER) to improve its cellular uptake and antitumor activity. The resulting DOX-ERLP was a 190 nm nanoparticle that was absorbed efficiently and caused cancer cell death in 5 hrs. Growth as measured by the MTT assay or microscopic imaging demonstrated that DOX-ERLP has at least a two-fold greater potency than the free DOX in inhibiting the growth of a DOX resistant (MCF7/adr) cell and an aggressive liver cancer H22 cell...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224267/selection-of-dna-aptamers-for-extra-cellular-domain-of-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-to-detect-her2-positive-carcinomas
#3
A Sett, B B Borthakur, U Bora
BACKGROUND: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2, an orphan receptor of ErbB family) is considered as an important biomarker as it plays a key role in the development and progression of aggressive types of breast, ovarian, stomach and gastric cancer. In the present study, we developed novel DNA aptamers against the extra-cellular domain (ECD) of Her2 protein for detection of Her2-positive carcinomas. METHODS: We cloned and expressed Her2-ECD protein in E...
February 21, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223550/nadh-autofluorescence-a-new-metabolic-biomarker-for-cancer-stem-cells-identification-of-vitamin-c-and-cape-as-natural-products-targeting-stemness
#4
Gloria Bonuccelli, Ernestina Marianna De Francesco, Rianne de Boer, Herbert B Tanowitz, Michael P Lisanti
Here, we assembled a broad molecular "tool-kit" to interrogate the role of metabolic heterogeneity in the propagation of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs). First, we subjected MCF7 cells to "metabolic fractionation" by flow cytometry, using fluorescent mitochondrial probes to detect PCG1α activity, as well ROS and hydrogen-peroxide (H2O2) production; NADH levels were also monitored by auto-fluorescence. Then, the various cell populations were functionally assessed for "stem cell activity", using the mammosphere assay (3D-spheroids)...
February 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222467/design-and-synthesis-of-new-1-3-4-oxadiazole-benzothiazole-and-hydrazone-derivatives-as-promising-chemotherapeutic-agents
#5
Betül Kaya, Weiam Hussin, Leyla Yurttaş, Gülhan Turan-Zitouni, Hülya Karaca Gençer, Merve Baysal, Abdullah Burak Karaduman, Zafer Asim Kaplancıklı
Looking for new cytotoxic and antimicrobial agents with improved antitumor activity, a series of hydrazide and oxadiazole derivatives were designed and synthesized using 3-methoxyphenol as starting substance. Novel N'-(arylidene)-2-(3-methoxyphenoxy)acetohydrazide derivatives (4a-f)/1-(4-substitutedphenyl)-2-[(5-[(3-methoxyphenoxy)methyl]-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)thio]ethan-1-one derivatives (6a-f)/N-(6-substitutedbenzothiazol-2-yl)-2-[(5-[(3-methoxyphenoxy)methyl]-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)thio]acetamide derivatives (7a-e) were obtained and evaluated for their in vitro antimicrobial activity against various gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria and fungi...
February 21, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217276/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-benzocyclooctene-based-and-indene-based-anticancer-agents-that-function-as-inhibitors-of-tubulin-polymerization
#6
Christine A Herdman, Tracy E Strecker, Rajendra P Tanpure, Zhi Chen, Alex Winters, Jeni Gerberich, Li Liu, Ernest Hamel, Ralph P Mason, David J Chaplin, Mary Lynn Trawick, Kevin G Pinney
The natural products colchicine and combretastatin A-4 (CA4) have been inspirational for the design and synthesis of structurally related analogues and spin-off compounds as inhibitors of tubulin polymerization. The discovery that a water-soluble phosphate prodrug salt of CA4 (referred to as CA4P) is capable of imparting profound and selective damage to tumor-associated blood vessels paved the way for the development of a new therapeutic approach for cancer treatment utilizing small-molecule inhibitors of tubulin polymerization that also act as vascular disrupting agents (VDAs)...
December 1, 2016: MedChemComm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214891/up-regulated-atf4-expression-increases-cell-sensitivity-to-apoptosis-in-response-to-radiation
#7
Ying Zong, Shijie Feng, Jinwei Cheng, Chenlin Yu, Guocai Lu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) is a member of the activating transcription factor family which regulates the expression of genes involved in amino acid metabolism, redox homeostasis and ER stress responses. ATF4 is also over-expressed in human solid tumors, although its effect on responsiveness to radiation is largely unexplored. METHODS: Real-time PCR was used to detect ATF4 mRNA levels in cells treated with different doses of 60Coγ radiation...
February 13, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212583/role-of-topk-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-breast-cancer-cell-migration-and-invasion
#8
Min-Ah Seol, Jung-Hwan Park, Ji Heun Jeong, Jungmook Lyu, Seung Yun Han, Sang-Muk Oh
Inflammation has been known to be linked to invasion or metastasis of breast cancer, which has poor prognosis, although the regulatory mechanism remains to be undiscovered. Here we show that T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase (TOPK) mediates pro-inflammatory endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced breast cancer cell migration and invasion. The mRNA or protein level of TOPK, toll- like receptor4 (TLR4), interleukin (IL)-6, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or matrix metalloproteinase9 (MMP9) genes related to TLR4 signaling or tumor progression was induced by LPS treatment in MCF7 breast cancer cells, but the induction was abolished by stable knocking down of TOPK in MCF7 cells...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197635/fluid-shear-stress-induces-cancer-stem-cell-like-phenotype-in-mcf7-breast-cancer-cell-line-without-inducing-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#9
Ursula L Triantafillu, Seungjo Park, Nikki L Klaassen, Andrew D Raddatz, Yonghyun Kim
Metastasis is the leading cause of cancer deaths due to the spread of cancer cells through the blood vessels and the subsequent formation of secondary tumors. Metastasizing cancer cells in the human vasculature are called circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and are characterized to express the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). They are further known to survive physiological fluid shear stress (FSS) conditions. However, the effect of FSS on CTC molecular phenotype, such as the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cancer stem cell (CSC) expression, has not been extensively studied...
March 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197390/the-immune-checkpoint-ligand-pd-l1-is-upregulated-in-emt-activated-human-breast-cancer-cells-by-a-mechanism-involving-zeb-1-and-mir-200
#10
Muhammad Zaeem Noman, Bassam Janji, Abderemane Abdou, Meriem Hasmim, Stéphane Terry, Tuan Zea Tan, Fathia Mami-Chouaib, Jean Paul Thiery, Salem Chouaib
PD-L1 expression and regulation by mesenchymal tumor cells remain largely undefined. Here, we report that among different EMT-activated MCF7 human breast cancer cell clones, PD-L1 was differentially upregulated in MCF7 sh-WISP2, MCF7-1001/2101, and MDA-MB-231 cells but not in MCF7 SNAI1 and MCF7 SNAI1-6SA cells. Mechanistic investigations revealed that siRNA silencing of ZEB-1, but not SNAI1, TWIST, or SLUG and overexpression of miR200 family members in MCF7 sh-WISP2 cells strongly decreased PD-L1 expression...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197098/in-vitro-antiproliferative-and-apoptosis-inducing-effect-of-allium-atroviolaceum-bulb-extract-on-breast-cervical-and-liver-cancer-cells
#11
Somayeh Khazaei, Norhaizan M Esa, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Roslida A Hamid, Ashok K Pandurangan, Ali Etemad, Patimah Ismail
Natural products are considered potent sources for novel drug discovery and development. The multiple therapeutic effects of natural compounds in traditional medicine motivate us to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of bulb of Allium atroviolaceum in MCF7 and MDA-MB-231, HeLa and HepG2 cell lines. The bulb methanol extract of A. atroviolaceum was found to be an active cell proliferation inhibitor at the time and dose dependent manner. Determination of DNA content by flow cytometry demonstrated S and G2/M phase arrest of MCF-7 cell, correlated to Cdk1 downregulation, S phase arrest in MDA-MB-231 which is p53 and Cdk1-dependent, sub-G0 cell cycle arrest in HeLa aligned with Cdk1 downregulation, G0/G1, S, G2/M phase arrest in HepG2 which is p53-dependent...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192947/detecting-low-abundance-molecules-at-single-cell-level-by-repeated-ion-accumulation-in-ion-trap-mass-spectrometer
#12
Xingyu Si, Xingchuang Xiong, Sichun Zhang, Xiang Fang, Xinrong Zhang
Low-abundance metabolites or proteins in single-cell samples are usually undetectable by mass spectrometry (MS) due to the limited amount of substances in single cells. This limitation inspired us to further enhance the sensitivity of commercial mass spectrometers. Herein, we developed a technique named repeated ion accumulation by ion trap MS, which is capable of enhancing the sensitivity by selectively and repeatedly accumulating ions in a linear ion trap for up to 25 cycles. The increase in MS sensitivity was positively correlated with the number of repeated cycles...
January 31, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188177/automethylation-of-protein-arginine-methyltransferase-7-and-its-impact-on-breast-cancer-progression
#13
Pengyu Geng, Yu Zhang, Xiaoqing Liu, Na Zhang, Yingqi Liu, Xin Liu, Cong Lin, Xu Yan, Zhongwei Li, Guannan Wang, Yuxin Li, Jiang Tan, Dong-Xu Liu, Baiqu Huang, Jun Lu
Protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) catalyze protein arginine methylation and are linked to carcinogenesis and metastasis. Some members of PRMTs have been found to undergo automethylation; however, the biologic significance of this self-modification is not entirely clear. In this report, we demonstrate that R531 of PRMT7 is self-methylated, both in vitro and in vivo Automethylation of PRMT7 plays a key role in inducing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program and in promoting the migratory and invasive behavior of breast cancer cells...
February 10, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188107/inflammation-by-breast-implants-and-adenocarcinoma-not-always-a-bad-company
#14
Monia Orciani, Giulia Sorgentoni, Fabiola Olivieri, Monica Mattioli-Belmonte, Giovanni Di Benedetto, Roberto Di Primio
BACKGROUND: Inflammation and tumor are now an inseparable binomial. Inflammation may also derive by the use of breast implants followed by the formation of a periprosthetic capsule. It is known that tumor cells, in an inflamed microenvironment, can profit by the paracrine effect exerted also by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Here we evaluated the role of inflammation on the immunobiology of MSCs before and after cocultures with cells derived from breast adenocarcinoma. METHODS: MSCs derived from both inflamed (I-MSCs) and control (C-MSCs) tissues were isolated and cocultured with MCF7 cells derived from breast adenocarcinoma...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186846/in-vitro-mouse-and-human-serum-stability-of-a-heterobivalent-dual-target-probe-that-has-strong-affinity-to-gastrin-releasing-peptide-and-neuropeptide-y1-receptors-on-tumor-cells
#15
Arijit Ghosh, Natarajan Raju, Michael Tweedle, Krishan Kumar
Receptor-targeting radiolabeled molecular probes with high affinity and specificity are useful in studying and monitoring biological processes and responses. Dual- or multiple-targeting probes, using radiolabeled metal chelates conjugated to peptides, have potential advantages over single-targeting probes as they can recognize multiple targets leading to better sensitivity for imaging and radiotherapy when target heterogeneity is present. Two natural hormone peptide receptors, gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) and Y1, are specifically interesting as their expression is upregulated in most breast and prostate cancers...
February 2017: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179945/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-anti-oxidant-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-novel-10-undecenoic-acid-methyl-ester-based-lipoconjugates-of-phenolic-acids
#16
Naganna Narra, Shiva Shanker Kaki, Rachapudi Badari Narayana Prasad, Sunil Misra, Koude Dhevendar, Venkateshwarlu Kontham, Padmaja V Korlipara
The synthesis of five novel methyl 10-undecenoate-based lipoconjugates of phenolic acids from undecenoic acid was carried out. Undecenoic acid was methylated to methyl 10-undecenoate which was subjected to a thiol-ene reaction with cysteamine hydrochloride. Further amidation of the amine was carried out with different phenolic acids such as caffeic, ferulic, sinapic, coumaric and cinnamic acid. All synthesized compounds were fully characterized and their structures were confirmed by spectral data. The anti-oxidant activity of the synthesized lipoconjugates of phenolic acids was studied by the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay and also by the inhibition of linoleic acid oxidation in micellar medium by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176801/mfn2-suppresses-cancer-progression-through-inhibition-of-mtorc2-akt-signaling
#17
Ke Xu, Guo Chen, Xiaobo Li, Xiaoqin Wu, Zhijie Chang, Jianhua Xu, Yu Zhu, Peihao Yin, Xin Liang, Lei Dong
The mitochondrial GTPase mitofusin-2 (MFN2) has previously been reported to play a role in regulating cell proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation in a number of cell types. Here, we report that breast cancer patients with low MFN2 expression are associated with poor prognosis as compared to patients with high MFN2 expression. We find that MFN2 knockout from MCF7 and A549 cells via Crispr/Cas9 greatly promotes cell viability, colony formation, and invasion of cancer cells in vitro and in vivo, which were confirmed by colony formation assay, transwell invasion assay, and tumor xenograft model...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174119/potential-transfer-of-neurotoxic-amino-acid-%C3%AE-n-methylamino-alanine-bmaa-from-mother-to-infant-during-breast-feeding-predictions-from-human-cell-lines
#18
Marie Andersson, Lisa Ersson, Ingvar Brandt, Ulrika Bergström
β-N-methylamino-alanine (BMAA) is a non-protein amino acid produced by cyanobacteria, diatoms and dinoflagellates. BMAA has potential to biomagnify in a terrestrial food chain, and to bioaccumulate in fish and shellfish. We have reported that administration of [(14)C]l-BMAA to lactating mice and rats results in a mother to off-spring transfer via the milk. A preferential enantiomer-specific uptake of [(14)C]l-BMAA has also been demonstrated in differentiated murine mammary epithelium HC11 cells. These findings, together with neurotoxic effects of BMAA demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo, highlight the need to determine whether such transfer could also occur in humans...
February 4, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174065/synthesis-of-new-derivatives-of-21-imidazolyl-16-dehydropregnenolone-as-inhibitors-of-5%C3%AE-reductase-2-and-with-cytotoxic-activity-in-cancer-cells
#19
Aylin Viviana Silva-Ortiz, Eugene Bratoeff, Teresa Ramírez-Apan, Yvonne Heuze, Juan Soriano, Isabel Moreno, Marisol Bravo, Lucero Bautista, Marisa Cabeza
The aim of this study was to synthesize several 16-dehydropregnenolone derivatives containing an imidazole ring at C-21 and a different ester moiety at C-3 as inhibitors of 5α-reductase 1 and 2 isoenzymes. Their binding capacity to the androgen receptor (AR) was also studied. Additionally, we evaluated their pharmacological effect in a castrated hamster model and their cytotoxic activity on a panel of cancer cells (PC-3, MCF7, SK-LU-1). The results showed that only the derivatives with an alicyclic ester at C-3 showed 5α-R2 enzyme inhibition activity, the most potent of them being 21-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-20-oxopregna-5,16-dien-3β-yl-cyclohexanecarboxylate with an IC50 of 29nM...
January 27, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169441/hydrogel-microfluidic-co-culture-device-for-photothermal-therapy-and-cancer-migration
#20
Jong Min Lee, Hye In Seo, Jun Hyuk Bae, Bong Geun Chung
We developed the photo-crosslinkable hydrogel microfluidic co-culture device to study photothermal therapy and cancer cell migration. To culture MCF7 human breast carcinoma cells and metastatic U87MG human glioblastoma in the microfluidic device, we used 10 w/v% gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogels as a semi-permeable physical barrier. We demonstrated the effect of gold nanorod on photothermal therapy of cancer cells in the microfluidic co-culture device. Interestingly, we observed that metastatic U87MG human glioblastoma largely migrated toward vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-treated GelMA hydrogel-embedding microchannels...
February 7, 2017: Electrophoresis
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