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Maneea Eizadi Sharifabad, Tim Mercer, Tapas Sen
Liposome-capped core-shell mesoporous silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles called 'magnetic protocells' were prepared as novel nanocomposites and used for loading anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) for cellular toxicity study. Cytotoxicity of the magnetic protocells with or without DOX was tested in vitro on commercial MCF7 and U87 cell lines under alternating magnetic field. MCF7 cell line treated with the DOX-loaded nanoparticles under alternating magnetic field exhibited nearly 20% lower survival rate after 24 h compared with cells treated with free DOX and similarly, it was around 24% when applied to U87...
October 19, 2016: Nanomedicine
Choy-Eng Nge, Kae-Shin Sim, Siew-Huah Lim, Noel F Thomas, Yun-Yee Low, Toh-Seok Kam
Examination of the EtOH extract of the Malayan Tabernaemontana corymbosa resulted in the isolation of three new alkaloids, viz., cononuridine (1), an unusual hexacyclic, iboga-derived, monoterpenoid indole characterized by contraction of the tetrahydroazepine C-ring and incorporation of an additional isoxazolidine ring, taberisidine (2), a seco-corynanthean alkaloid, and conofolidine (3), an Aspidosperma-Aspidosperma bisindole that showed pronounced in vitro growth inhibitory activity against an array of human cancer cell lines, including KB, vincristine-resistant KB, PC-3, LNCaP, MCF7, MDA-MB-231, HT-29, and HCT 116 cells...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
A Harrod, J Fulton, V T M Nguyen, M Periyasamy, L Ramos-Garcia, C-F Lai, G Metodieva, A de Giorgio, R L Williams, D B Santos, P J Gomez, M-L Lin, M V Metodiev, J Stebbing, L Castellano, L Magnani, R C Coombes, L Buluwela, S Ali
Drugs that inhibit estrogen receptor-α (ER) activity have been highly successful in treating and reducing breast cancer progression in ER-positive disease. However, resistance to these therapies presents a major clinical problem. Recent genetic studies have shown that mutations in the ER gene are found in >20% of tumours that progress on endocrine therapies. Remarkably, the great majority of these mutations localize to just a few amino acids within or near the critical helix 12 region of the ER hormone binding domain, where they are likely to be single allele mutations...
October 17, 2016: Oncogene
Jun Sang Bae, See-Hyoung Park, Urangoo Jamiyandorj, Kyoung Min Kim, Sang Jae Noh, Jung Ryul Kim, Hye Jeong Park, Keun Sang Kwon, Sung Hoo Jung, Ho Sung Park, Byung-Hyun Park, Ho Lee, Woo Sung Moon, Karl G Sylvester, Kyu Yun Jang
Recently, the roles of sirtuins (SIRTs) in tumorigenesis have been of interest to oncologists, and casein kinase 2 α1 (CSNK2A1) has been shown to be involved in tumorigenesis by phosphorylating various proteins, including SIRT1. Therefore, we evaluated the roles of CSNK2A1, SIRT6, and phosphorylated SIRT6 and their relationships in breast carcinoma. Nuclear expression of CSNK2A1 and SIRT6 predicted shorter overall survival and relapse-free survival by multivariate analysis. Inhibition of CSNK2A1 decreased the proliferative and invasive activity of cancer cells...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Lennard Schröder, Dagmar Ulrike Richter, Birgit Piechulla, Mareike Chrobak, Christina Kuhn, Sandra Schulze, Sybille Abarzua, Udo Jeschke, Tobias Weissenbacher
Hereinwe investigated the effect of elderflower extracts (EFE) and of enterolactone/enterodiol on hormone production and proliferation of trophoblast tumor cell lines JEG-3 and BeWo, as well as MCF7 breast cancer cells. The EFE was analyzed by mass spectrometry. Cells were incubated with various concentrations of EFE. Untreated cells served as controls. Supernatants were tested for estradiol production with an ELISA method. Furthermore, the effect of the EFE on ER/ER/PR expression was assessed by immunocytochemistry...
October 8, 2016: Nutrients
Chen Hongbo, Duo Yanhong, Hu Bo, Wang Zhiwei, Zhang Fang, Tsai Hsiangi, Zhang Jianping, Zhou Lanzhen, Wang Lijun, Wang Xinyu, Huang Laiqiang
PICT-1 was originally identified as a tumor suppressor. Here, we found that PICT-1 overexpression triggered pro-death autophagy without nucleolar disruption or p53 accumulation in U251 and MCF7 cells. Truncated PICT-1 fragments 181-346 and 1-346, which partly or totally lack nucleolar localization, showed weaker autophagy-inducing effects than full-length PICT-1 and a well-defined nucleolar mutant (181-479). Furthermore, PICT-1 partly localizes to the nucleolar fibrillar center (FC) and directly binds to ribosomal DNA (rDNA) gene loci, where it interacts with upstream binding factor (UBF)...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Yiwen Bu, Guoshuai Cai, Yi Shen, Chenfei Huang, Xi Zeng, Yu Cao, Chuan Cai, Yuhong Wang, Dan Huang, Duan-Fang Liao, Deliang Cao
Inactivation of p53 occurs frequently in various cancers. RITA is a promising anticancer small molecule that dissociates p53-MDM2 interaction, reactivates p53 and induces exclusive apoptosis in cancer cells, but acquired RITA resistance remains a major drawback. This study found that the site-differential phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) RelA/p65 creates a barcode for RITA chemosensitivity in cancer cells. In naïve MCF7 and HCT116 cells where RITA triggered vast apoptosis, phosphorylation of RelA/p65 increased at Ser536, but decreased at Ser276 and Ser468; oppositely, in RITA-resistant cells, RelA/p65 phosphorylation decreased at Ser536, but increased at Ser276 and Ser468...
October 6, 2016: Cancer Letters
Mee Sun Yoon, Chanh Tin Pham, Minh-Trang Thi Phan, Dong-Jun Shin, Youn-Young Jang, Min-Ho Park, Sang-Ki Kim, Seokho Kim, Duck Cho
BACKGROUND AIMS: Few studies have examined the migration pattern of natural killer (NK) cells, especially after radiation treatment for cancer. We investigated whether irradiation can modulate the expression of chemokines in cancer cells and the migration of NK cells to irradiated tumor cells. METHODS: The expression of chemokine receptors (CXCR3, CXCR4 and CXCR6) on interleukin-2 (IL-2)/IL-15-activated NK cells was assessed using flow cytometry. Related chemokine ligands (CXCL11, CXCL12 and CXCL16) in human breast cancer cell lines (MCF7, SKBR3 and MDA-MB231) irradiated at various doses were assessed using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 6, 2016: Cytotherapy
Negar Taghavi Pourianazar, Ufuk Gunduz
CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) can function as an immune adjuvant. Previously, we showed that stimulation of breast cancer cells with CpG-ODN conjugated with PAMAM dendrimer-coated magnetic nanoparticles (DcMNPs) has induced apoptosis. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the expression levels of some apoptosis-regulating genes in several human breast cancer cells treated with CpG/DcMNPs. Treated MDA-MB231 cells showed an increase in Noxa and Bax gene expression levels, whereas the expression level of Survivin decreased...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Chao Zhang, Hui-Jie Wang, Qi-Chao Bao, Lei Wang, Tian-Kun Guo, Wei-Lin Chen, Li-Li Xu, Hai-Shan Zhou, Jin-Lei Bian, Ying-Rui Yang, Hao-Peng Sun, Xiao-Li Xu, Qi-Dong You
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (NRF2) is an important transcription factor in oxidative stress regulation. Overexpression of NRF2 is associated with human breast carcinogenesis, and increased NRF2 mRNA levels predict poor patient outcome for breast cancer. However, the mechanisms linking gain of NRF2 expression and poor prognosis in breast cancer are still unclear. Here, we provide evidence that NRF2 deletion inhibits proliferation and metastasis of breast cancer cells by down-regulating RhoA. Restoration of RhoA in MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cells induced NRF2 knockdown-suppressed cell growth and metastasis in vitro, and NRF2 silencing suppressed stress fiber and focal adhesion formation leading to decreased cell migration and invasion...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
R Kumar, S Weigel, R Meyer, C M Niemeyer, H Fuchs, M Hirtz
Multi-color patterning by polymer pen lithography (PPL) was used to fabricate covalently immobilized fluorophore and oligonucleotide arrays with up to five different components. The oligonucleotide arrays offer a virtually unlimited inventory of orthogonal binding tags for self-assembly of proteins as demonstrated by use of the arrays to monitor cell-protein interactions of MCF7 cells.
October 11, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Le Thi Vien, Bui Thi Ngoan, Tran Thi Hong Hanh, Le Ba Vinh, Do Cong Thung, Do Thi Thao, Nguyen Van Thanh, Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Nguyen Hoai Nam, Phan Van Kiem, Chau Van Minh
Using combined chromatographic separations, two new steroid glycosides namely pentacerosides A (1) and B (2), and four known compounds were isolated from the methanol extract of the starfish Pentaceraster gracilis. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data ((1)H and (13)C NMR, HSQC, HMBC, (1)H-(1)H COSY, ROESY, and FT-ICR-MS) and by comparing obtained results to the literature values. Among the isolated compounds, only maculatoside (5) showed significant cytotoxic effect against Hep-G2 (IC50 = 16...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Jisheng Bao, Liping Zhu, Qi Zhu, Jianhua Su, Menglan Liu, Wei Huang
Re-programming of lipogenic signaling has been previously demonstrated to result in significant alterations in tumor cell pathology. Sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP-1) is a known transcription factor of lipogenic genes. Despite the fact that its functions in proliferation and apoptosis have been elucidated in recent studies, its role in tumor cell migration and invasion, particularly in breast cancer, remains unclear. In present study, the messenger RNA and protein expression levels of SREBP-1 in cancer tissues were observed to be overexpressed compared with those in matched para-cancerous tissues (P<0...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Oliver Politz, Franziska Siegel, Lars Bärfacker, Ulf Bömer, Andrea Hägebarth, William J Scott, Martin Michels, Stuart Ince, Roland Neuhaus, Kirstin Meyer, Amaury Ernesto Fernández-Montalván, Ningshu Liu, Franz von Nussbaum, Dominik Mumberg, Karl Ziegelbauer
The PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling cascade is activated in the majority of human cancers, and its activation also plays a key role in resistance to chemo and targeted therapeutics. In particular, in both breast and prostate cancer, increased AKT pathway activity is associated with cancer progression, treatment resistance, and poor disease outcome. Here, we evaluated the activity of a novel allosteric AKT1/2 inhibitor, BAY 1125976, in biochemical, cellular mechanistic, functional, and in vivo efficacy studies in a variety of tumor models...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Shotaro Nakajima, Vivien Koh, Ley-Fang Kua, Jimmy So, Lomanto Davide, Kee Siang Lim, Sven Hans Petersen, Wei-Peng Yong, Asim Shabbir, Koji Kono
Adipose tissue (AT) macrophages (ATMs) are key players for regulation of AT homeostasis and obesity-related metabolic disorders. However, the phenotypes of human ATMs and regulatory mechanisms of their polarization have not been clearly described. In this study, we investigated human ATMs in both abdominal visceral AT and s.c. AT and proposed an 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1)-glucocorticoid receptor regulatory axis that might dictate M1/M2 polarization in ATMs. The accumulation of CD11c(+)CD163(+) ATMs in both visceral AT and s...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Shohreh Azadi, Mohammad Tafazzoli-Shadpour, Ramin Omidvar, Lida Moradi, Mahdi Habibi-Anbouhi
Loss of cell-cell adhesion function is a common characteristic of many human epithelial carcinomas that is frequently due to loss of E-cadherin expression. In cancer progression, loss of E-cadherin is associated with invasion and metastasis potential, hence restoration of its function may contribute to the metastasis inhibition. This study examined effect of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR/Her1) blockade on the E-cadherin expression, cellular adherence, and cell elasticity in two human epithelial cancer cell lines, MCF7 and A431...
October 1, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Markus Christmann, Catherine Boisseau, Rebekka Kitzinger, Christian Berac, Sebastian Allmann, Tina Sommer, Dorthe Aasland, Bernd Kaina, Maja T Tomicic
A coordinated and faithful DNA damage response is of central importance for maintaining genomic integrity and survival. Here, we show that exposure of human cells to benzo(a)pyrene 9,10-diol-7,8-epoxide (BPDE), the active metabolite of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P), which represents a most important carcinogen formed during food preparation at high temperature, smoking and by incomplete combustion processes, causes a prompt and sustained upregulation of the DNA repair genes DDB2, XPC, XPF, XPG and POLH. Induction of these repair factors on RNA and protein level enhanced the removal of BPDE adducts from DNA and protected cells against subsequent BPDE exposure...
September 30, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Jaleh Varshosaz, Farshid Hassanzadeh, Hojat Sadeghi Aliabadi, Fatemeh Rabbani Khoraskani, Mina Mirian, Behshid Behdadfar
The novel dual targeted nanoparticles loaded with doxorubicin (DOX) and magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were prepared for treatment of breast cancer. Nanoparticles were produced by a layer-by-layer technique and functionalized with a bioconjugate of chitosan-poly(methyl vinyl ether maleic acid)(PMVMA)-LHRH to target LHRH receptors. The successful production of chitosan-PMVMA copolymer and its conjugation to LHRH was confirmed by FTIR and (1)HNMR spectroscopy. Capillary electrophoresis analysis showed 72.51% LHRH conjugation efficiency...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Seher Berzingi, Mackenzie Newman, Han-Gang Yu
BACKGROUND: Membrane depolarization is associated with breast cancer. Depolarization-activated voltage-gated ion channels are directly implicated in the initiation, proliferation, and metastasis of breast cancer. METHODS: In this study, the role of voltage-gated potassium and calcium ion channel modulation was explored in two different invasive ductal human carcinoma cell lines, MDA-MB-231 (triple-negative) and MCF7 (estrogen-receptor-positive). RESULTS: Resting membrane potential is more depolarized in MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cells compared to normal human mammary epithelial cells...
2016: Cancer Cell International
Fumi Nozaki, Yukari Hirotani, Yoko Nakanishi, Hiromi Yamaguchi, Haruna Nishimaki, Hiroko Noda, Xiaoyan Tang, Hisae Yamamoto, Atsuko Suzuki, Toshimi Seki, Shinobu Masuda
p62, also called sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1), is a multifunctional signaling molecule that affects cell proliferation. Recently, we found accumulation of p62 in apocrine carcinoma of the breast, however, the biological role of p62 expression in apocrine carcinoma still remains unclear. To investigate whether p62 might contribute to tumor cell proliferation in apocrine carcinomas, we used the MDA-MB-453 (androgen receptor-positive, HER2-type) and MFM223 (androgen receptor-positive, triple-negative type) breast cancer cell lines as models of molecular apocrine carcinoma...
August 30, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
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