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candidiasis vaginosis

G S Tansarli, T Skalidis, N J Legakis, M E Falagas
Bacterial vaginosis (BV), candidiasis, and trichomoniasis were the three established types of vaginal conditions until aerobic vaginitis (AV) was defined in the early 2000s. We sought to study the prevalence of abnormal vaginal flora (AVF) with inflammation in our hospital and to correlate it with AV. We prospectively collected vaginal smear specimens originated from symptomatic women who were examined at Iaso Obstetrics, Gynecology and Children's Hospital of Athens from April 2014 until September 2015. Amsel's criteria were used for the diagnosis of BV...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Veena Meena, Charu Lata Bansal
INTRODUCTION: Vaginal discharge is a commonest complaint among women in reproductive age group. Infective vaginal discharge can be broadly categorized into vaginitis or mucopurulent cervicitis. Vaginitis is predominantly caused by bacterial vaginosis, vaginal candidiasis, vaginal trichomoniasis, etc. Mucopurulent cervicitis is due to chlamydia or gonococcal infection. The targeted management is based on identification of causative organism and targeting the therapy against it, while syndromic management is based on high risk factors's presence...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
S Athanasiou, E Pitsouni, S Antonopoulou, D Zacharakis, S Salvatore, M E Falagas, T Grigoriadis
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of microablative fractional CO2 laser (MFCO2-Laser) therapy on the vaginal microenvironment of postmenopausal women. METHODS: Three laser therapies at monthly intervals were applied in postmenopausal women with moderate to severe symptoms of genitourinary syndrome of menopause, pH of vaginal fluid >4.5 and superficial epithelial cells on vaginal smear <5%. Vaginal fluid pH values, fresh wet mount microscopy, Gram stain and aerobic and anaerobic cultures were evaluated at baseline and 1 month after each subsequent therapy...
October 2016: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Li-Ya Wang, Le OuYang, Fei Tong, Xiu-Jun Zhang, Xiu-De Li, Cheng-Cheng Wang, Xiang Li, Liang Sun, Ye-Huan Sun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between specific contraceptives use and reproductive tract infections (RTIs). STUDY DESIGN: Participants consisted of 52,481 rural married women of reproductive age identified from a cross-sectional study in Anhui Province of China. The questionnaire, gynecological examination, and laboratory inspection were used to collect data. The subgroup analysis was performed to estimate the effect of the specific contraceptives on the specific RTIs...
August 19, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Pirje Hütt, Eleri Lapp, Jelena Štšepetova, Imbi Smidt, Heleri Taelma, Natalja Borovkova, Helen Oopkaup, Ave Ahelik, Tiiu Rööp, Dagmar Hoidmets, Külli Samuel, Andres Salumets, Reet Mändar
BACKGROUND: Vaginal lactobacilli offer protection against recurrent urinary infections, bacterial vaginosis, and vaginal candidiasis. OBJECTIVE: To characterise the isolated vaginal lactobacilli strains for their probiotic properties and to compare their probiotic potential. METHODS: The Lactobacillus strains were isolated from vaginal samples by conventional culturing and identified by sequencing of the 16S rDNA fragment. Several functional properties were detected (production of hydrogen peroxide and lactic acid; antagonistic activity against Escherichia coli, Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, and Gardnerella vaginalis; auto-aggregation and adhesiveness) as well as safety (haemolytic activity, antibiotic susceptibility, presence of transferrable resistance genes)...
2016: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
Alex Farr, Herbert Kiss, Michael Hagmann, Iris Holzer, Verena Kueronya, Peter W Husslein, Ljubomir Petricevic
BACKGROUND: Vaginal infections are a risk factor for preterm delivery. In this study, we sought to evaluate the vaginal flora of pregnant women receiving opioid maintenance therapy (OMT) in comparison to non-dependent, non-maintained controls. METHODS: A total of 3763 women with singleton pregnancies who underwent routine screening for asymptomatic vaginal infections between 10 + 0 and 16 + 0 gestational weeks were examined. Vaginal smears were Gram-stained, and microscopically evaluated for bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, and trichomoniasis...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Qian Liang, Nan Li, Shurong Song, Aihua Zhang, Ni Li, Ying Duan
AIM: The efficacy and safety of two nifuratel dosages for the treatment of aerobic vaginitis (AV) were compared. METHODS: This was a prospective open-label cohort study of patients diagnosed and treated at the Tianjin Third Central Hospital between January 2012 and December 2013. The co-presence of bacterial vaginosis (BV), vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), or/and trichomonal vaginitis (TV; mixed AV) was determined. Patients were randomized to nifuratel-500 (500 mg nifuratel, intravaginal, 10 days) or nifuratel-250 (250 mg nifuratel, intravaginal, 10 days), and followed-up for three to seven days after treatment completion...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Chaitanya Tellapragada, Vandana Kalwaje Eshwara, Parvati Bhat, Asha Kamath, Sandhya Aletty, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of clinical and microbiological investigations available in limited resource settings for an effective diagnosis of vaginal infections/abnormal vaginal microbiota among pregnant women. As an outcome of the study we intended to find the association of various vaginal infections during pregnancy with preterm delivery. Pregnant women presenting for routine antenatal care at an antenatal clinic in south India were enrolled in the study. Each participant underwent clinical and microbiological examinations for the diagnosis of vaginal infections such as bacterial vaginosis (BV), vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) and trichomoniasis...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Suvanna Asavapiriyanont, Udom Chaovarindr, Surasak Kaoien, Uraiwan Chotigeat, Ekachai Kovavisarach
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and social changes in the modern era have triggered an increase in the incidence of early sexual contact and teenage pregnancy. Since there is no routine Gonococcal & Chlamydial (GC & CT) screening in teens in antenatal clinics in Thailand, the present study was performed to find the prevalence of STI, especially Chlamydial infection, in teenage pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), especially Chlamydial infection (CT), in teenage pregnancy and its related factors...
February 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Lisa Hanson, Leona VandeVusse, Martha Jermé, Cybéle L Abad, Nasia Safdar
INTRODUCTION: Probiotics are a complementary and integrative therapy useful in the treatment and prevention of urogenital infections in women. This study extends the work of researchers who systematically investigated the scientific literature on probiotics to prevent or treat urogenital infections. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to determine the efficacy of probiotics for prevention and/or treatment of urogenital infections in adult women from January 1, 2008, through June 30, 2015...
May 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Gary Ventolini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Women's Health
Amna Zia Eusaph, Robina Nighat, Aasma Arshad
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that adjuvant therapy with lactic acid+lactoserum solution provides satisfactory symptomatic relief and is safe in patients with vulvo-vaginal infections. METHODS: The open-label survey was conducted at 96 private consultation clinics in 14 cities across Pakistan from May to October 2010, and included consecutive patients >18 years of age with first/recurrent episode of vulvo-vaginal infections, having clinical signs and symptoms of such infections, receiving antibiotics for current infections...
May 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Carolina M A Santos, Maria C V Pires, Thiago L Leão, Zulema P Hernández, Marisleydys L Rodriguez, Ariane K S Martins, Lilian S Miranda, Flaviano S Martins, Jacques R Nicoli
Lactobacilli are the dominant bacteria of the vaginal tract of healthy women, and imbalance of the local microbiota can predispose women to acquire infections, such as bacterial vaginosis (BV) and vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). Although antimicrobial therapy is generally effective, there is still a high incidence of recurrence and increase of microbial resistance due to the repetitive use of antimicrobials. Thus, it has been suggested that administration of probiotics incorporating selected Lactobacillus strains may be an effective strategy for preventing vaginal infections...
July 2016: Microbiology
María J Mucci, María L Cuestas, María M Cervetto, María F Landaburu, María T Mujica
To evaluate the frequency of yeast, bacteria or protozoa in pregnant women and to correlate the possible associations of these microorganisms and their relationships with vulvovaginitis (VV) and cervicitis. Vaginal specimens were collected and prepared for smears in microscope slides for the evaluation of yeast, Trichomonas vaginalis and bacteria. Samples were cultured in specific culture medium. Cervical specimens were used to investigate the presence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma spp...
July 2016: Mycoses
Rajesh K Naz, Morgan L Lough, Erin K Barthelmess
Women face unique pathologies and challenges related to the female genital tract (FGT), including vaginal infections and gynecologic cancers. Vaginal infections faced by women include bacterial vaginosis (BV), vulvovaginal candidiasis (VC), and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Curcumin, a component of the dietary spice turmeric, has immense biological properties, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory/immunomodulatory, and anticancer effects. It has no side effects and is well-tolerated, making it an ideal treatment modality highly desired by women...
2016: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
Sujit D Rathod, Tan Li, Jeffrey D Klausner, Alan Hubbard, Arthur L Reingold, Purnima Madhivanan
BACKGROUND: Syndromic management of vaginal infections is known to have poor diagnostic accuracy. Logic regression is a machine-learning procedure which allows for the identification of combinations of variables to predict an outcome, such as the presence of a vaginal infection. METHODS: We used logic regression to develop predictive models for syndromic management of vaginal infection among symptomatic, reproductive-age women in south India. We assessed the positive predictive values, negative predictive values, sensitivities and specificities of the logic regression procedure and a standard WHO algorithm against laboratory-confirmed diagnoses of two conditions: metronidazole-sensitive vaginitis [bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis (BV/TV)], and vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC)...
2015: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Heloise R Luchiari, Carolina S T Ferreira, Márjorie A Golim, Márcia G Silva, Camila Marconi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether total bacterial count in cervicovaginal fluid is associated with failure of metronidazole therapy for bacterial vaginosis. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, women attending a primary health center in Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil, for routine cervical screening between September 2012 and October 2013 were enrolled. Women who tested positive for bacterial vaginosis (Nugent classification) were offered oral metronidazole. Women who completed metronidazole treatment and an equal number of control women with normal vaginal flora at initial screening were included in analyses of total bacterial count, assessed by flow cytometry of cervicovaginal fluid samples...
March 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Lucie Svobodová, Pavlína Lysková, Petr Hamal
Vulvovaginal candidiasis is the second most common vaginal infection after bacterial vaginosis. It is caused by yeasts, the vast majority of which belong to the genus Candida. Vulvovaginal candidiasis affects as many as 75 % of women during their childbearing years and 40 % of them experience recurrences. The most common etiological agent is Candida albicans, which is responsible for nearly 90 % of cases. Vulvovaginal candidiasis can be treated with topical and/or systemic antifungals while risk factors for the infection must be eliminated...
September 2015: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
Sarah Nakubulwa, Dan K Kaye, Freddie Bwanga, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Florence M Mirembe
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory mediators that weaken and cause membrane rupture are released during the course of genital infections among pregnant women. We set out to determine the association of common genital infections (Trichomonas vaginalis, syphilis, Neisseria gonorrhea, Chlamydia trachomatis, Group B Streptococcus, Bacterial vaginosis, Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 and candidiasis) and premature rupture of membranes in Mulago hospital, Uganda. METHODS: We conducted an unmatched case-control study among women who were in the third trimester of pregnancy at New Mulago hospital, Uganda...
2015: BMC Research Notes
Carolina Sanitá Tafner Ferreira, Camila Marconi, Cristina Maria de Lima Garcia Parada, Marli Teresinha Cassamassimo Duarte, Ana Paula Oliveira Gonçalves, Marilza Vieira Cunha Rudge, Márcia Guimarães da Silva
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Bacterial vaginosis occurs frequently in pregnancy and increases susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections (STI). Considering that adolescents are disproportionally affected by STI, the aim of this study was to evaluate the cervicovaginal levels of interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8 and bacterial sialidase in pregnant adolescents with bacterial vaginosis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at mother and child referral units in Belém, Pará, Brazil...
November 2015: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
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