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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674191/seasonality-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-a-south-australian-population-study
#1
Petra E Verburg, Gus A Dekker, Graeme Tucker, Wendy Scheil, Jan Jaap H M Erwich, Claire T Roberts
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the seasonal variation of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in South Australia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective population study including all 107,846 liveborn singletons during 2007-2014 in South Australia. Seasonality in incidence of HDP in relation to estimated date of conception (eDoC) and date of birth (DoB) were examined using Fourier series analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Seasonality of HDP in relation to eDoC and DoB...
April 11, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672829/timing-of-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-retrospective-cohort
#2
Alexis Shub, Tess Chee, Alexandra Templeton, Deborah Boyce, Catharine McNamara, Christine Houlihan, Leonid Churilov, Elizabeth A McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines suggest screening high-risk women in early pregnancy for gestational diabetes (GDM); however, there is little evidence to support this. AIMS: To compare pregnancy outcomes associated with diabetes for women with risk factors for GDM according to gestation of diagnosis. Early GDM was defined as a positive test before 20 weeks gestation, late GDM as a positive test at 20 or more weeks and no GDM when both tests were negative. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis in an Australian tertiary hospital of women who underwent a glucose tolerance test in pregnancy prior to 20 weeks gestation, and a repeat test after 20 weeks gestation if the initial test was negative...
April 19, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670384/screening-and-management-of-gestational-diabetes-in-mexico-results-from-a-survey-of-multilocation-multi-health-care-institution-practitioners
#3
Livia Dainelli, Alberto Prieto-Patron, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Sandra G Sosa-Rubi, Salvador Espino Y Sosa, Enrique Reyes-Muñoz, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Patrick Detzel
Purpose: To identify the most common practices implemented for the screening and treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to estimate the GDM clinician-reported proportion as a proxy of the incidence in Mexico. Materials and methods: Three hundred fifty-seven physicians in four major cities were asked about their practices regarding GDM screening, treatment, clinical exams, and health care staff involved in case of GDM diagnosis, as well as the percentage of women with GDM they care for...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669736/a-tailored-letter-based-on-electronic-health-record-data-improves-gestational-weight-gain-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-the-gestational-diabetes-effects-on-moms-gem-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Monique M Hedderson, Susan D Brown, Samantha F Ehrlich, Ai-Lin Tsai, Yeyi Zhu, Charles P Quesenberry, Yvonne Crites, Assiamira Ferrara
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate whether a tailored letter improved gestational weight gain (GWG) and whether GWG mediated a multicomponent intervention's effect on postpartum weight retention among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial of 44 medical facilities ( n = 2,014 women) randomized to usual care or a multicomponent lifestyle intervention delivered during pregnancy (tailored letter) and postpartum (13 telephone sessions) to reduce postpartum weight retention...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667703/diagnosis-and-management-practices-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-australia-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-multidisciplinary-team
#5
Nina Meloncelli, Adrian Barnett, Fiona Pelly, Susan de Jersey
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common pregnancy disorders; however, if well managed, women with GDM experience similar pregnancy outcomes to those without. Currently, there is limited evidence on actual management practices across Australia or how multidisciplinary teams interact to optimise care. AIMS: To examine the current screening, diagnostic, task and role perceptions and management practices, as reported by members of the GDM multidisciplinary team...
April 18, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663517/continuous-glucose-monitoring-results-in-lower-hba-1c-in-malaysian-women-with-insulin-treated-gestational-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
S S Paramasivam, K Chinna, A K K Singh, J Ratnasingam, L Ibrahim, L L Lim, A T B Tan, S P Chan, P C Tan, S Z Omar, R W Bilous, S R Vethakkan
AIMS: To determine if therapeutic, retrospective continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) improves HbA1c with less hypoglycaemia in women with insulin-treated gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: This prospective, randomized controlled, open-label trial evaluated 50 women with insulin-treated GDM randomized to either retrospective CGM (6-day sensor) at 28, 32 and 36 weeks' gestation (Group 1, CGM, n = 25) or usual antenatal care without CGM (Group 2, control, n = 25)...
April 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662709/the-impact-of-different-75-g-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-target-ranges-within-normal-limits-on-neonatal-outcomes-a-validation-study
#7
Seda Subaş, Gökçe Anık İlhan, Zehra Meltem Pirimoğlu
Objective: To investigate the impact of different 75 g glucose tolerance test (OGTT) target ranges within normal limits on neonatal outcomes, thus to investigate the validity of 75 g OGTT thresholds. Materials and Methods: The normal 1-hour and 2-hour ranges of 75 g OGTT levels of 110 pregnant women with no gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were further divided into three different sub-groups; for the 1 hour as group 1 (<120 mg/dL), group 2 (120-140 mg/dL), group 3 (>140 mg/dL) and for the 2 hour as group 1 (<120 mg/dL), group 2 (120-135 mg/dL), and group 3 (>135 mg/dL)...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651319/effects-of-perinatal-factors-on-body-mass-index-and-physical-fitness-of-school-age-children
#8
Miha Lucovnik, Gregor Starc, Petra Golja, Ivan Verdenik, Irena Stucin Gantar
Objective: To examine the effects of various maternal and neonatal perinatal factors on the child's body mass index (BMI) and physical fitness at school-age. Methods: Data from two registries, the SLOfit database (a national surveillance system of children's motor and physical development) and Slovenian National Perinatal Information System (NPIS) were analysed. Perinatal data for 2,929 children born in 2008 were linked to results of SLOfit testing of these children in 2016...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642898/enablers-and-barriers-for-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-to-achieve-optimal-glycaemic-control-a-qualitative-study-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#9
Ruth Martis, Julie Brown, Judith McAra-Couper, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Glycaemic target recommendations vary widely between international professional organisations for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Some studies have reported women's experiences of having GDM, but little is known how this relates to their glycaemic targets. The aim of this study was to identify enablers and barriers for women with GDM to achieve optimal glycaemic control. METHODS: Women with GDM were recruited from two large, geographically different, hospitals in New Zealand to participate in a semi-structured interview to explore their views and experiences focusing on enablers and barriers to achieving optimal glycaemic control...
April 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630009/pregnancy-exercise-and-nutrition-with-smartphone-application-support-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Maria A Kennelly, Kate Ainscough, Karen L Lindsay, Elizabeth OʼSullivan, Eileen R Gibney, Mary McCarthy, Ricardo Segurado, Giuseppe DeVito, Orla Maguire, Thomas Smith, Mensud Hatunic, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a healthy lifestyle package (an antenatal behavior change intervention supported by smartphone application technology) on the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in overweight and obese women. METHODS: Women with body mass indexes (BMIs) 25-39.9 were enrolled into this randomized controlled trial. The intervention consisted of specific dietary and exercise advice that addressed behavior change supported by a tailor-designed smartphone application...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629841/self-efficacy-and-planning-strategies-can-improve-physical-activity-levels-in-women-with-a-recent-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Rohan Jayasuriya, N Wah Cheung, Ralf Schwarzer
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of developing diabetes in high risk populations including in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study applied the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) to determine the motivational and volitional factors important in increasing physical activity among women with previous GDM. METHODS: Women with GDM receiving obstetric care at a teaching hospital in Sri Lanka were invited to participate in a survey 6-36 months post-delivery...
April 9, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609443/small-for-gestational-age-and-obesity-related-comorbidities
#12
REVIEW
Yong Hee Hong, Sochung Chung
Infant born small for gestational age (SGA) are at increased risk of perinatal morbidity, persistent short stature and metabolic alterations in later life. The result of SGA followed by rapid weight gain during early postnatal life has been associated with increased long-term risks for central obesity, insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, increased fat mass, and cardiovascular disease. We should carefully monitor their weight during infancy and childhood to prevent excessive rates of weight gain...
March 2018: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596944/postpartum-risk-of-diabetes-and-predictive-factors-for-glucose-intolerance-in-east-asian-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#13
Hiromi Inoue, Ko Ishikawa, Kenji Takeda, Akina Kobayashi, Kenichi Kurita, Jin Kumagai, HidetakaYokoh, Koutaro Yokote
AIMS: Women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are likely to develop postpartum diabetes mellitus (DM). We examined women in the early stages of pregnancy who were at high risk of postpartum DM progression to establish a follow-up method for early detection. METHODS: We performed the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and identified predictive factors for postpartum impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or DM in 77 women after GDM, for 2 years after delivery, retrospectively...
March 26, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589821/the-2017-diabetes-educator-and-the-diabetes-self-management-education-national-practice-survey
#14
Joanne Rinker, Jane K Dickinson, Michelle L Litchman, Ann S Williams, Leslie E Kolb, Carla Cox, Ruth D Lipman
Purpose The American Association of Diabetes Educators conducts the National Practice Survey (NPS) biennially to document current practice in diabetes education in the United States. The purpose of the study is to obtain insight about factors influencing the work of the diabetes educator. Method The 2017 NPS was comprised of 100 questions covering diabetes educator demographics, profile populations of people with diabetes, practice information, program accreditation, program curriculum, staffing, education delivery methods, data collection, and reporting...
March 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582816/prevalence-progression-and-outcomes-of-diabetic-retinopathy-during-pregnancy-in-indian-scenario
#15
Tarjani Makwana, Brijesh Takkar, Pradeep Venkatesh, Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Yashdeep Gupta, Rohan Chawla, Rajpal Vohra, Alka Kriplani, Nikhil Tandon
Purpose: The objective of this study is to evaluate pattern of diabetic retinopathy (DR) during pregnancy in females with pregestational diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: This is an ambispective observational cohort study conducted at an Indian tertiary care centre. A total of 50 pregnant females with pregestational DM were included while those with gestational DM were excluded from the study. Ocular examination (inclusive of fundus photography) was conducted and systemic parameters (inclusive of Glycated hemoglobin) were assessed during each of the 3 trimesters and 3 months postpartum...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581725/comparison-of-the-screening-tests-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-between-one-step-and-two-step-methods-among-thai-pregnant-women
#16
Suchaya Luewan, Phenphan Bootchaingam, Theera Tongsong
Objective: To compare the prevalence and pregnancy outcomes of GDM between those screened by the "one-step" (75 gm GTT) and "two-step" (100 gm GTT) methods. Methods: A prospective study was conducted on singleton pregnancies at low or average risk of GDM. All were screened between 24 and 28 weeks, using the one-step or two-step method based on patients' preference. The primary outcome was prevalence of GDM, and secondary outcomes included birthweight, gestational age, rates of preterm birth, small/large-for-gestational age, low Apgar scores, cesarean section, and pregnancy-induced hypertension...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579758/glucose-gel-in-infants-at-risk-for-transitional-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#17
Kartikeya Makker, Rana Alissa, Christopher Dudek, Laura Travers, Carmen Smotherman, Mark L Hudak
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate whether glucose gel as a supplement to feedings in infants admitted to the newborn nursery at risk for neonatal hypoglycemia (NH) reduces the frequency of transfer to a higher level of care for intravenous dextrose treatment. STUDY DESIGN:  We revised our newborn nursery protocol for management of infants at risk for NH to include use of 40% glucose gel (200 mg/kg). Study population included late preterm, small and large for gestational age infants, and infants of diabetic mothers...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576523/predictors-of-metformin-failure-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm
#18
May Oo Khin, Simon Gates, Ponnusamy Saravanan
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The role of metformin in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is also increasing. However, almost half of metformin-treated women required additional insulin. Therefore, identifying the characteristics of these women may help define optimal therapeutic strategy. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study done in a District General Hospital, UK. GDM was diagnosed by 75 g OGTT test between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation with fasting levels of ≥6...
January 31, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560756/relationship-between-advanced-glycation-end-products-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Shuang Li, Huixia Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the levels of and dynamic changes of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in maternal plasma during pregnancy and explore the association between these levels and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: This study recruited 90 GDM women and 90 healthy pregnant controls. The women received prenatal care and were hospitalized for delivery in Peking University First Hospital in China between October 2015 and April 2016. The patients were recruited and provided blood samples during gestational weeks 24-29...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560264/the-effect-of-a-health-literacy-approach-to-counselling-on-the-lifestyle-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes-a-clinical-trial
#20
Mehrafza Gharachourlo, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Mahnaz Akbari Kamrani, Maryam Tehranizadeh, Kourosh Kabir
Background: Gestational diabetes is a common pregnancy disorder that affects the mother's and neonate's health. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of a health literacy approach to counselling on the lifestyle of women with gestational diabetes. The present randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in 2017 using a parallel design. The subjects included 84 eligible women presenting to Alborz and Kamali Hospitals, Karaj, Iran. Methods: Convenience sampling was first used to select the subjects...
2018: F1000Research
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