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Goncalo Abecasis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876822/a-principal-component-meta-analysis-on-multiple-anthropometric-traits-identifies-novel-loci-for-body-shape
#1
Janina S Ried, Janina Jeff M, Audrey Y Chu, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Jenny van Dongen, Jennifer E Huffman, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Gemma Cadby, Niina Eklund, Joel Eriksson, Tõnu Esko, Mary F Feitosa, Anuj Goel, Mathias Gorski, Caroline Hayward, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Anne U Jackson, Eero Jokinen, Stavroula Kanoni, Kati Kristiansson, Zoltán Kutalik, Jari Lahti, Jian'an Luan, Reedik Mägi, Anubha Mahajan, Massimo Mangino, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Keri L Monda, Ilja M Nolte, Louis Pérusse, Inga Prokopenko, Lu Qi, Lynda M Rose, Erika Salvi, Megan T Smith, Harold Snieder, Alena Stančáková, Yun Ju Sung, Ioanna Tachmazidou, Alexander Teumer, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Pim van der Harst, Ryan W Walker, Sophie R Wang, Sarah H Wild, Sara M Willems, Andrew Wong, Weihua Zhang, Eva Albrecht, Alexessander Couto Alves, Stephan J L Bakker, Cristina Barlassina, Traci M Bartz, John Beilby, Claire Bellis, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, John Blangero, Matthias Blüher, Eric Boerwinkle, Lori L Bonnycastle, Stefan R Bornstein, Marcel Bruinenberg, Harry Campbell, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Charleston W K Chiang, Peter S Chines, Francis S Collins, Fracensco Cucca, L Adrienne Cupples, Francesca D'Avila, Eco J C de Geus, George Dedoussis, Maria Dimitriou, Angela Döring, Johan G Eriksson, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Martin Farrall, Teresa Ferreira, Krista Fischer, Nita G Forouhi, Nele Friedrich, Anette Prior Gjesing, Nicola Glorioso, Mariaelisa Graff, Harald Grallert, Niels Grarup, Jürgen Gräßler, Jagvir Grewal, Anders Hamsten, Marie Neergaard Harder, Catharina A Hartman, Maija Hassinen, Nicholas Hastie, Andrew Tym Hattersley, Aki S Havulinna, Markku Heliövaara, Hans Hillege, Albert Hofman, Oddgeir Holmen, Georg Homuth, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Jennie Hui, Lise Lotte Husemoen, Pirro G Hysi, Aaron Isaacs, Till Ittermann, Shapour Jalilzadeh, Alan L James, Torben Jørgensen, Pekka Jousilahti, Antti Jula, Johanne Marie Justesen, Anne E Justice, Mika Kähönen, Maria Karaleftheri, Kay Tee Khaw, Sirkka M Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Leena Kinnunen, Paul B Knekt, Heikki A Koistinen, Ivana Kolcic, Ishminder K Kooner, Seppo Koskinen, Peter Kovacs, Theodosios Kyriakou, Tomi Laitinen, Claudia Langenberg, Alexandra M Lewin, Peter Lichtner, Cecilia M Lindgren, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Roberto Lorbeer, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert Luben, Valeriya Lyssenko, Satu Männistö, Paolo Manunta, Irene Mateo Leach, Wendy L McArdle, Barbara Mcknight, Karen L Mohlke, Evelin Mihailov, Lili Milani, Rebecca Mills, May E Montasser, Andrew P Morris, Gabriele Müller, Arthur W Musk, Narisu Narisu, Ken K Ong, Ben A Oostra, Clive Osmond, Aarno Palotie, James S Pankow, Lavinia Paternoster, Brenda W Penninx, Irene Pichler, Maria G Pilia, Ozren Polašek, Peter P Pramstaller, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, D C Rao, Nigel W Rayner, Rasmus Ribel-Madsen, Treva K Rice, Marcus Richards, Paul M Ridker, Fernando Rivadeneira, Kathy A Ryan, Serena Sanna, Mark A Sarzynski, Salome Scholtens, Robert A Scott, Sylvain Sebert, Lorraine Southam, Thomas Hempel Sparsø, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen Stirrups, Ronald P Stolk, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Morris A Swertz, Amy J Swift, Anke Tönjes, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Peter J van der Most, Jana V Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Liesbeth Vandenput, Erkki Vartiainen, Cristina Venturini, Niek Verweij, Jorma S Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Marie-Claude Vohl, Judith M Vonk, Gérard Waeber, Elisabeth Widén, Gonneke Willemsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Thomas W Winkler, Alan F Wright, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Jing Hua Zhao, M Carola Zillikens, Dorret I Boomsma, Claude Bouchard, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Daniele Cusi, Ron T Gansevoort, Christian Gieger, Torben Hansen, Andrew A Hicks, Frank Hu, Kristian Hveem, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Eero Kajantie, Jaspal S Kooner, Diana Kuh, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, Terho Lehtimäki, Andres Metspalu, Inger Njølstad, Claes Ohlsson, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Lyle J Palmer, Oluf Pedersen, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Bruce M Psaty, Hannu Puolijoki, Rainer Rauramaa, Igor Rudan, Veikko Salomaa, Peter E H Schwarz, Alan R Shudiner, Jan H Smit, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Timothy D Spector, Kari Stefansson, Michael Stumvoll, Angelo Tremblay, Jaakko Tuomilehto, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Uwe Völker, Peter Vollenweider, Nicholas J Wareham, Hugh Watkins, James F Wilson, Eleftheria Zeggini, Goncalo R Abecasis, Michael Boehnke, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Cornelia M van Duijn, Caroline Fox, Leif C Groop, Iris M Heid, David J Hunter, Robert C Kaplan, Mark I McCarthy, Kari E North, Jeffrey R O'Connell, David Schlessinger, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, David P Strachan, Timothy Frayling, Joel N Hirschhorn, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Ruth J F Loos
Large consortia have revealed hundreds of genetic loci associated with anthropometric traits, one trait at a time. We examined whether genetic variants affect body shape as a composite phenotype that is represented by a combination of anthropometric traits. We developed an approach that calculates averaged PCs (AvPCs) representing body shape derived from six anthropometric traits (body mass index, height, weight, waist and hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio). The first four AvPCs explain >99% of the variability, are heritable, and associate with cardiometabolic outcomes...
November 23, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717122/genetic-variants-in-cetp-increase-risk-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#2
Christopher D Anderson, Guido J Falcone, Chia-Ling Phuah, Farid Radmanesh, H Bart Brouwers, Thomas W K Battey, Alessandro Biffi, Gina M Peloso, Dajiang J Liu, Alison M Ayres, Joshua N Goldstein, Anand Viswanathan, Steven M Greenberg, Magdy Selim, James F Meschia, Devin L Brown, Bradford B Worrall, Scott L Silliman, David L Tirschwell, Matthew L Flaherty, Peter Kraft, Jeremiasz M Jagiella, Helena Schmidt, Björn M Hansen, Jordi Jimenez-Conde, Eva Giralt-Steinhauer, Roberto Elosua, Elisa Cuadrado-Godia, Carolina Soriano, Koen M van Nieuwenhuizen, Catharina J M Klijn, Kristiina Rannikmae, Neshika Samarasekera, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Catherine L Sudlow, Ian J Deary, Andrea Morotti, Alessandro Pezzini, Joanna Pera, Andrzej Urbanik, Alexander Pichler, Christian Enzinger, Bo Norrving, Joan Montaner, Israel Fernandez-Cadenas, Pilar Delgado, Jaume Roquer, Arne Lindgren, Agnieszka Slowik, Reinhold Schmidt, Chelsea S Kidwell, Steven J Kittner, Salina P Waddy, Carl D Langefeld, Goncalo Abecasis, Cristen J Willer, Sekar Kathiresan, Daniel Woo, Jonathan Rosand
OBJECTIVE: In observational epidemiologic studies, higher plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) has been associated with increased risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). DNA sequence variants that decrease cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene activity increase plasma HDL-C; as such, medicines that inhibit CETP and raise HDL-C are in clinical development. Here, we test the hypothesis that CETP DNA sequence variants associated with higher HDL-C also increase risk for ICH...
November 2016: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694958/reference-based-phasing-using-the-haplotype-reference-consortium-panel
#3
Po-Ru Loh, Petr Danecek, Pier Francesco Palamara, Christian Fuchsberger, Yakir A Reshef, Hilary K Finucane, Sebastian Schoenherr, Lukas Forer, Shane McCarthy, Goncalo R Abecasis, Richard Durbin, Alkes L Price
Haplotype phasing is a fundamental problem in medical and population genetics. Phasing is generally performed via statistical phasing in a genotyped cohort, an approach that can yield high accuracy in very large cohorts but attains lower accuracy in smaller cohorts. Here we instead explore the paradigm of reference-based phasing. We introduce a new phasing algorithm, Eagle2, that attains high accuracy across a broad range of cohort sizes by efficiently leveraging information from large external reference panels (such as the Haplotype Reference Consortium; HRC) using a new data structure based on the positional Burrows-Wheeler transform...
November 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666372/guidelines-for-large-scale-sequence-based-complex-trait-association-studies-lessons-learned-from-the-nhlbi-exome-sequencing-project
#4
Paul L Auer, Alex P Reiner, Gao Wang, Hyun Min Kang, Goncalo R Abecasis, David Altshuler, Michael J Bamshad, Deborah A Nickerson, Russell P Tracy, Stephen S Rich, Suzanne M Leal
Massively parallel whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data have ushered in a new era in human genetics. These data are now being used to understand the role of rare variants in complex traits and to advance the goals of precision medicine. The technological and computing advances that have enabled us to generate WGS data on thousands of individuals have also outpaced our ability to perform analyses in scientifically and statistically rigorous and thoughtful ways. The past several years have witnessed the application of whole-exome sequencing (WES) to complex traits and diseases...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659466/52-genetic-loci-influencing-myocardial%C3%A2-mass
#5
Pim van der Harst, Jessica van Setten, Niek Verweij, Georg Vogler, Lude Franke, Matthew T Maurano, Xinchen Wang, Irene Mateo Leach, Mark Eijgelsheim, Nona Sotoodehnia, Caroline Hayward, Rossella Sorice, Osorio Meirelles, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Ozren Polašek, Toshiko Tanaka, Dan E Arking, Sheila Ulivi, Stella Trompet, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Albert V Smith, Marcus Dörr, Kathleen F Kerr, Jared W Magnani, Fabiola Del Greco M, Weihua Zhang, Ilja M Nolte, Claudia T Silva, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Vinicius Tragante, Tõnu Esko, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Michiel E Adriaens, Karl Andersen, Phil Barnett, Joshua C Bis, Rolf Bodmer, Brendan M Buckley, Harry Campbell, Megan V Cannon, Aravinda Chakravarti, Lin Y Chen, Alessandro Delitala, Richard B Devereux, Pieter A Doevendans, Anna F Dominiczak, Luigi Ferrucci, Ian Ford, Christian Gieger, Tamara B Harris, Eric Haugen, Matthias Heinig, Dena G Hernandez, Hans L Hillege, Joel N Hirschhorn, Albert Hofman, Norbert Hubner, Shih-Jen Hwang, Annamaria Iorio, Mika Kähönen, Manolis Kellis, Ivana Kolcic, Ishminder K Kooner, Jaspal S Kooner, Jan A Kors, Edward G Lakatta, Kasper Lage, Lenore J Launer, Daniel Levy, Alicia Lundby, Peter W Macfarlane, Dalit May, Thomas Meitinger, Andres Metspalu, Stefania Nappo, Silvia Naitza, Shane Neph, Alex S Nord, Teresa Nutile, Peter M Okin, Jesper V Olsen, Ben A Oostra, Josef M Penninger, Len A Pennacchio, Tune H Pers, Siegfried Perz, Annette Peters, Yigal M Pinto, Arne Pfeufer, Maria Grazia Pilia, Peter P Pramstaller, Bram P Prins, Olli T Raitakari, Soumya Raychaudhuri, Ken M Rice, Elizabeth J Rossin, Jerome I Rotter, Sebastian Schafer, David Schlessinger, Carsten O Schmidt, Jobanpreet Sehmi, Herman H W Silljé, Gianfranco Sinagra, Moritz F Sinner, Kamil Slowikowski, Elsayed Z Soliman, Timothy D Spector, Wilko Spiering, John A Stamatoyannopoulos, Ronald P Stolk, Konstantin Strauch, Sian-Tsung Tan, Kirill V Tarasov, Bosco Trinh, Andre G Uitterlinden, Malou van den Boogaard, Cornelia M van Duijn, Wiek H van Gilst, Jorma S Viikari, Peter M Visscher, Veronique Vitart, Uwe Völker, Melanie Waldenberger, Christian X Weichenberger, Harm-Jan Westra, Cisca Wijmenga, Bruce H Wolffenbuttel, Jian Yang, Connie R Bezzina, Patricia B Munroe, Harold Snieder, Alan F Wright, Igor Rudan, Laurie A Boyer, Folkert W Asselbergs, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Bruno H Stricker, Bruce M Psaty, Marina Ciullo, Serena Sanna, Terho Lehtimäki, James F Wilson, Stefania Bandinelli, Alvaro Alonso, Paolo Gasparini, J Wouter Jukema, Stefan Kääb, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stephan B Felix, Susan R Heckbert, Rudolf A de Boer, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Andrew A Hicks, John C Chambers, Yalda Jamshidi, Axel Visel, Vincent M Christoffels, Aaron Isaacs, Nilesh J Samani, Paul I W de Bakker
BACKGROUND: Myocardial mass is a key determinant of cardiac muscle function and hypertrophy. Myocardial depolarization leading to cardiac muscle contraction is reflected by the amplitude and duration of the QRS complex on the electrocardiogram (ECG). Abnormal QRS amplitude or duration reflect changes in myocardial mass and conduction, and are associated with increased risk of heart failure and death. OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis sought to gain insights into the genetic determinants of myocardial mass...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571263/next-generation-genotype-imputation-service-and-methods
#6
Sayantan Das, Lukas Forer, Sebastian Schönherr, Carlo Sidore, Adam E Locke, Alan Kwong, Scott I Vrieze, Emily Y Chew, Shawn Levy, Matt McGue, David Schlessinger, Dwight Stambolian, Po-Ru Loh, William G Iacono, Anand Swaroop, Laura J Scott, Francesco Cucca, Florian Kronenberg, Michael Boehnke, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Christian Fuchsberger
Genotype imputation is a key component of genetic association studies, where it increases power, facilitates meta-analysis, and aids interpretation of signals. Genotype imputation is computationally demanding and, with current tools, typically requires access to a high-performance computing cluster and to a reference panel of sequenced genomes. Here we describe improvements to imputation machinery that reduce computational requirements by more than an order of magnitude with no loss of accuracy in comparison to standard imputation tools...
October 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398621/the-genetic-architecture-of-type-2-diabetes
#7
Christian Fuchsberger, Jason Flannick, Tanya M Teslovich, Anubha Mahajan, Vineeta Agarwala, Kyle J Gaulton, Clement Ma, Pierre Fontanillas, Loukas Moutsianas, Davis J McCarthy, Manuel A Rivas, John R B Perry, Xueling Sim, Thomas W Blackwell, Neil R Robertson, N William Rayner, Pablo Cingolani, Adam E Locke, Juan Fernandez Tajes, Heather M Highland, Josee Dupuis, Peter S Chines, Cecilia M Lindgren, Christopher Hartl, Anne U Jackson, Han Chen, Jeroen R Huyghe, Martijn van de Bunt, Richard D Pearson, Ashish Kumar, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Niels Grarup, Heather M Stringham, Eric R Gamazon, Jaehoon Lee, Yuhui Chen, Robert A Scott, Jennifer E Below, Peng Chen, Jinyan Huang, Min Jin Go, Michael L Stitzel, Dorota Pasko, Stephen C J Parker, Tibor V Varga, Todd Green, Nicola L Beer, Aaron G Day-Williams, Teresa Ferreira, Tasha Fingerlin, Momoko Horikoshi, Cheng Hu, Iksoo Huh, Mohammad Kamran Ikram, Bong-Jo Kim, Yongkang Kim, Young Jin Kim, Min-Seok Kwon, Juyoung Lee, Selyeong Lee, Keng-Han Lin, Taylor J Maxwell, Yoshihiko Nagai, Xu Wang, Ryan P Welch, Joon Yoon, Weihua Zhang, Nir Barzilai, Benjamin F Voight, Bok-Ghee Han, Christopher P Jenkinson, Teemu Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Alisa Manning, Maggie C Y Ng, Nicholette D Palmer, Beverley Balkau, Alena Stancáková, Hanna E Abboud, Heiner Boeing, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Omri Gottesman, James Scott, Jason Carey, Phoenix Kwan, George Grant, Joshua D Smith, Benjamin M Neale, Shaun Purcell, Adam S Butterworth, Joanna M M Howson, Heung Man Lee, Yingchang Lu, Soo-Heon Kwak, Wei Zhao, John Danesh, Vincent K L Lam, Kyong Soo Park, Danish Saleheen, Wing Yee So, Claudia H T Tam, Uzma Afzal, David Aguilar, Rector Arya, Tin Aung, Edmund Chan, Carmen Navarro, Ching-Yu Cheng, Domenico Palli, Adolfo Correa, Joanne E Curran, Denis Rybin, Vidya S Farook, Sharon P Fowler, Barry I Freedman, Michael Griswold, Daniel Esten Hale, Pamela J Hicks, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Satish Kumar, Benjamin Lehne, Dorothée Thuillier, Wei Yen Lim, Jianjun Liu, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Marie Loh, Solomon K Musani, Sobha Puppala, William R Scott, Loïc Yengo, Sian-Tsung Tan, Herman A Taylor, Farook Thameem, Gregory Wilson, Tien Yin Wong, Pål Rasmus Njølstad, Jonathan C Levy, Massimo Mangino, Lori L Bonnycastle, Thomas Schwarzmayr, João Fadista, Gabriela L Surdulescu, Christian Herder, Christopher J Groves, Thomas Wieland, Jette Bork-Jensen, Ivan Brandslund, Cramer Christensen, Heikki A Koistinen, Alex S F Doney, Leena Kinnunen, Tõnu Esko, Andrew J Farmer, Liisa Hakaste, Dylan Hodgkiss, Jasmina Kravic, Valeriya Lyssenko, Mette Hollensted, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, Claes Ladenvall, Johanne Marie Justesen, Annemari Käräjämäki, Jennifer Kriebel, Wolfgang Rathmann, Lars Lannfelt, Torsten Lauritzen, Narisu Narisu, Allan Linneberg, Olle Melander, Lili Milani, Matt Neville, Marju Orho-Melander, Lu Qi, Qibin Qi, Michael Roden, Olov Rolandsson, Amy Swift, Anders H Rosengren, Kathleen Stirrups, Andrew R Wood, Evelin Mihailov, Christine Blancher, Mauricio O Carneiro, Jared Maguire, Ryan Poplin, Khalid Shakir, Timothy Fennell, Mark DePristo, Martin Hrabé de Angelis, Panos Deloukas, Anette P Gjesing, Goo Jun, Peter Nilsson, Jacquelyn Murphy, Robert Onofrio, Barbara Thorand, Torben Hansen, Christa Meisinger, Frank B Hu, Bo Isomaa, Fredrik Karpe, Liming Liang, Annette Peters, Cornelia Huth, Stephen P O'Rahilly, Colin N A Palmer, Oluf Pedersen, Rainer Rauramaa, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Veikko Salomaa, Richard M Watanabe, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Richard N Bergman, Dwaipayan Bharadwaj, Erwin P Bottinger, Yoon Shin Cho, Giriraj R Chandak, Juliana C N Chan, Kee Seng Chia, Mark J Daly, Shah B Ebrahim, Claudia Langenberg, Paul Elliott, Kathleen A Jablonski, Donna M Lehman, Weiping Jia, Ronald C W Ma, Toni I Pollin, Manjinder Sandhu, Nikhil Tandon, Philippe Froguel, Inês Barroso, Yik Ying Teo, Eleftheria Zeggini, Ruth J F Loos, Kerrin S Small, Janina S Ried, Ralph A DeFronzo, Harald Grallert, Benjamin Glaser, Andres Metspalu, Nicholas J Wareham, Mark Walker, Eric Banks, Christian Gieger, Erik Ingelsson, Hae Kyung Im, Thomas Illig, Paul W Franks, Gemma Buck, Joseph Trakalo, David Buck, Inga Prokopenko, Reedik Mägi, Lars Lind, Yossi Farjoun, Katharine R Owen, Anna L Gloyn, Konstantin Strauch, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Jaspal Singh Kooner, Jong-Young Lee, Taesung Park, Peter Donnelly, Andrew D Morris, Andrew T Hattersley, Donald W Bowden, Francis S Collins, Gil Atzmon, John C Chambers, Timothy D Spector, Markku Laakso, Tim M Strom, Graeme I Bell, John Blangero, Ravindranath Duggirala, E Shyong Tai, Gilean McVean, Craig L Hanis, James G Wilson, Mark Seielstad, Timothy M Frayling, James B Meigs, Nancy J Cox, Rob Sladek, Eric S Lander, Stacey Gabriel, Noël P Burtt, Karen L Mohlke, Thomas Meitinger, Leif Groop, Goncalo Abecasis, Jose C Florez, Laura J Scott, Andrew P Morris, Hyun Min Kang, Michael Boehnke, David Altshuler, Mark I McCarthy
The genetic architecture of common traits, including the number, frequency, and effect sizes of inherited variants that contribute to individual risk, has been long debated. Genome-wide association studies have identified scores of common variants associated with type 2 diabetes, but in aggregate, these explain only a fraction of the heritability of this disease. Here, to test the hypothesis that lower-frequency variants explain much of the remainder, the GoT2D and T2D-GENES consortia performed whole-genome sequencing in 2,657 European individuals with and without diabetes, and exome sequencing in 12,940 individuals from five ancestry groups...
August 4, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379672/fine-mapping-of-common-genetic-variants-associated-with-colorectal-tumor-risk-identified-potential-functional-variants
#8
Mengmeng Du, Shuo Jiao, Stephanie A Bien, Manish Gala, Goncalo Abecasis, Stephane Bezieau, Hermann Brenner, Katja Butterbach, Bette J Caan, Christopher S Carlson, Graham Casey, Jenny Chang-Claude, David V Conti, Keith R Curtis, David Duggan, Steven Gallinger, Robert W Haile, Tabitha A Harrison, Richard B Hayes, Michael Hoffmeister, John L Hopper, Thomas J Hudson, Mark A Jenkins, Sébastien Küry, Loic Le Marchand, Suzanne M Leal, Polly A Newcomb, Deborah A Nickerson, John D Potter, Robert E Schoen, Fredrick R Schumacher, Daniela Seminara, Martha L Slattery, Li Hsu, Andrew T Chan, Emily White, Sonja I Berndt, Ulrike Peters
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified many common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with colorectal cancer risk. These SNPs may tag correlated variants with biological importance. Fine-mapping around GWAS loci can facilitate detection of functional candidates and additional independent risk variants. We analyzed 11,900 cases and 14,311 controls in the Genetics and Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer Consortium and the Colon Cancer Family Registry. To fine-map genomic regions containing all known common risk variants, we imputed high-density genetic data from the 1000 Genomes Project...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356620/prosaposin-is-a-regulator-of-progranulin-levels-and-oligomerization
#9
Alexandra M Nicholson, NiCole A Finch, Marcio Almeida, Ralph B Perkerson, Marka van Blitterswijk, Aleksandra Wojtas, Basar Cenik, Sergio Rotondo, Venette Inskeep, Laura Almasy, Thomas Dyer, Juan Peralta, Goo Jun, Andrew R Wood, Timothy M Frayling, Christian Fuchsberger, Sharon Fowler, Tanya M Teslovich, Alisa K Manning, Satish Kumar, Joanne Curran, Donna Lehman, Goncalo Abecasis, Ravindranath Duggirala, Cyril Pottier, Haaris A Zahir, Julia E Crook, Anna Karydas, Laura Mitic, Ying Sun, Dennis W Dickson, Guojun Bu, Joachim Herz, Gang Yu, Bruce L Miller, Shawn Ferguson, Ronald C Petersen, Neill Graff-Radford, John Blangero, Rosa Rademakers
Progranulin (GRN) loss-of-function mutations leading to progranulin protein (PGRN) haploinsufficiency are prevalent genetic causes of frontotemporal dementia. Reports also indicated PGRN-mediated neuroprotection in models of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease; thus, increasing PGRN levels is a promising therapeutic for multiple disorders. To uncover novel PGRN regulators, we linked whole-genome sequence data from 920 individuals with plasma PGRN levels and identified the prosaposin (PSAP) locus as a new locus significantly associated with plasma PGRN levels...
2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355579/correction-the-influence-of-age-and-sex-on-genetic-associations-with-adult-body-size-and-shape-a-large-scale-genome-wide-interaction-study
#10
Thomas W Winkler, Anne E Justice, Mariaelisa Graff, Llilda Barata, Mary F Feitosa, Su Chu, Jacek Czajkowski, Tõnu Esko, Tove Fall, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Yingchang Lu, Reedik Mägi, Evelin Mihailov, Tune H Pers, Sina Rüeger, Alexander Teumer, Georg B Ehret, Teresa Ferreira, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Juha Karjalainen, Vasiliki Lagou, Anubha Mahajan, Michael D Neinast, Inga Prokopenko, Jeannette Simino, Tanya M Teslovich, Rick Jansen, Harm-Jan Westra, Charles C White, Devin Absher, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Shafqat Ahmad, Eva Albrecht, Alexessander Couto Alves, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Anton J M de Craen, Joshua C Bis, Amélie Bonnefond, Gabrielle Boucher, Gemma Cadby, Yu-Ching Cheng, Charleston W K Chiang, Graciela Delgado, Ayse Demirkan, Nicole Dueker, Niina Eklund, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Joel Eriksson, Bjarke Feenstra, Krista Fischer, Francesca Frau, Tessel E Galesloot, Frank Geller, Anuj Goel, Mathias Gorski, Tanja B Grammer, Stefan Gustafsson, Saskia Haitjema, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Jennifer E Huffman, Anne U Jackson, Kevin B Jacobs, Åsa Johansson, Marika Kaakinen, Marcus E Kleber, Jari Lahti, Irene Mateo Leach, Benjamin Lehne, Youfang Liu, Ken Sin Lo, Mattias Lorentzon, Jian'an Luan, Pamela A F Madden, Massimo Mangino, Barbara McKnight, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Keri L Monda, May E Montasser, Gabriele Müller, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Ilja M Nolte, Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Laura Pascoe, Lavinia Paternoster, Nigel W Rayner, Frida Renström, Federica Rizzi, Lynda M Rose, Kathy A Ryan, Perttu Salo, Serena Sanna, Hubert Scharnagl, Jianxin Shi, Albert Vernon Smith, Lorraine Southam, Alena Stančáková, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Rona J Strawbridge, Yun Ju Sung, Ioanna Tachmazidou, Toshiko Tanaka, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Stella Trompet, Natalia Pervjakova, Jonathan P Tyrer, Liesbeth Vandenput, Sander W van der Laan, Nathalie van der Velde, Jessica van Setten, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Niek Verweij, Efthymia Vlachopoulou, Lindsay L Waite, Sophie R Wang, Zhaoming Wang, Sarah H Wild, Christina Willenborg, James F Wilson, Andrew Wong, Jian Yang, Loïc Yengo, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Lei Yu, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Ehm A Andersson, Stephan J L Bakker, Damiano Baldassarre, Karina Banasik, Matteo Barcella, Cristina Barlassina, Claire Bellis, Paola Benaglio, John Blangero, Matthias Blüher, Fabrice Bonnet, Lori L Bonnycastle, Heather A Boyd, Marcel Bruinenberg, Aron S Buchman, Harry Campbell, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Peter S Chines, Simone Claudi-Boehm, John Cole, Francis S Collins, Eco J C de Geus, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Maria Dimitriou, Jubao Duan, Stefan Enroth, Elodie Eury, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Nita G Forouhi, Nele Friedrich, Pablo V Gejman, Bruna Gigante, Nicola Glorioso, Alan S Go, Omri Gottesman, Jürgen Gräßler, Harald Grallert, Niels Grarup, Yu-Mei Gu, Linda Broer, Annelies C Ham, Torben Hansen, Tamara B Harris, Catharina A Hartman, Maija Hassinen, Nicholas Hastie, Andrew T Hattersley, Andrew C Heath, Anjali K Henders, Dena Hernandez, Hans Hillege, Oddgeir Holmen, Kees G Hovingh, Jennie Hui, Lise L Husemoen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Pirro G Hysi, Thomas Illig, Philip L De Jager, Shapour Jalilzadeh, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Markus Juonala, Stavroula Kanoni, Maria Karaleftheri, Kay Tee Khaw, Leena Kinnunen, Steven J Kittner, Wolfgang Koenig, Ivana Kolcic, Peter Kovacs, Nikolaj T Krarup, Wolfgang Kratzer, Janine Krüger, Diana Kuh, Meena Kumari, Theodosios Kyriakou, Claudia Langenberg, Lars Lannfelt, Chiara Lanzani, Vaneet Lotay, Lenore J Launer, Karin Leander, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Yan-Ping Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Robert Luben, Valeriya Lyssenko, Satu Männistö, Patrik K Magnusson, Wendy L McArdle, Cristina Menni, Sigrun Merger, Lili Milani, Grant W Montgomery, Andrew P Morris, Narisu Narisu, Mari Nelis, Ken K Ong, Aarno Palotie, Louis Pérusse, Irene Pichler, Maria G Pilia, Anneli Pouta, Myriam Rheinberger, Rasmus Ribel-Madsen, Marcus Richards, Kenneth M Rice, Treva K Rice, Carlo Rivolta, Veikko Salomaa, Alan R Sanders, Mark A Sarzynski, Salome Scholtens, Robert A Scott, William R Scott, Sylvain Sebert, Sebanti Sengupta, Bengt Sennblad, Thomas Seufferlein, Angela Silveira, P Eline Slagboom, Jan H Smit, Thomas H Sparsø, Kathleen Stirrups, Ronald P Stolk, Heather M Stringham, Morris A Swertz, Amy J Swift, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Sian-Tsung Tan, Barbara Thorand, Anke Tönjes, Angelo Tremblay, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Peter J van der Most, Uwe Völker, Marie-Claude Vohl, Judith M Vonk, Melanie Waldenberger, Ryan W Walker, Roman Wennauer, Elisabeth Widén, Gonneke Willemsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Alan F Wright, M Carola Zillikens, Suzanne C van Dijk, Natasja M van Schoor, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul I W de Bakker, Jacques S Beckmann, John Beilby, David A Bennett, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Carsten A Böger, Bernhard O Boehm, Eric Boerwinkle, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefan R Bornstein, Erwin P Bottinger, Claude Bouchard, John C Chambers, Stephen J Chanock, Daniel I Chasman, Francesco Cucca, Daniele Cusi, George Dedoussis, Jeanette Erdmann, Johan G Eriksson, Denis A Evans, Ulf de Faire, Martin Farrall, Luigi Ferrucci, Ian Ford, Lude Franke, Paul W Franks, Philippe Froguel, Ron T Gansevoort, Christian Gieger, Henrik Grönberg, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ulf Gyllensten, Per Hall, Anders Hamsten, Pim van der Harst, Caroline Hayward, Markku Heliövaara, Christian Hengstenberg, Andrew A Hicks, Aroon Hingorani, Albert Hofman, Frank Hu, Heikki V Huikuri, Kristian Hveem, Alan L James, Joanne M Jordan, Antti Jula, Mika Kähönen, Eero Kajantie, Sekar Kathiresan, Lambertus A L M Kiemeney, Mika Kivimaki, Paul B Knekt, Heikki A Koistinen, Jaspal S Kooner, Seppo Koskinen, Johanna Kuusisto, Winfried Maerz, Nicholas G Martin, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, Terho Lehtimäki, Guillaume Lettre, Douglas F Levinson, Lars Lind, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Mads Melbye, Andres Metspalu, Braxton D Mitchell, Frans L Moll, Jeffrey C Murray, Arthur W Musk, Markku S Nieminen, Inger Njølstad, Claes Ohlsson, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Ben A Oostra, Lyle J Palmer, James S Pankow, Gerard Pasterkamp, Nancy L Pedersen, Oluf Pedersen, Brenda W Penninx, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ozren Polašek, Peter P Pramstaller, Bruce M Psaty, Lu Qi, Thomas Quertermous, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, Rainer Rauramaa, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Fernando Rivadeneira, Jerome I Rotter, Igor Rudan, Hester M den Ruijter, Juha Saltevo, Naveed Sattar, Heribert Schunkert, Peter E H Schwarz, Alan R Shuldiner, Juha Sinisalo, Harold Snieder, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Tim D Spector, Jan A Staessen, Bandinelli Stefania, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Michael Stumvoll, Jean-Claude Tardif, Elena Tremoli, Jaakko Tuomilehto, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, André L M Verbeek, Sita H Vermeulen, Jorma S Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Henry Völzke, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber, Mark Walker, Henri Wallaschofski, Nicholas J Wareham, Hugh Watkins, Eleftheria Zeggini, Aravinda Chakravarti, Deborah J Clegg, L Adrienne Cupples, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Cashell E Jaquish, D C Rao, Goncalo R Abecasis, Themistocles L Assimes, Inês Barroso, Sonja I Berndt, Michael Boehnke, Panos Deloukas, Caroline S Fox, Leif C Groop, David J Hunter, Erik Ingelsson, Robert C Kaplan, Mark I McCarthy, Karen L Mohlke, Jeffrey R O'Connell, David Schlessinger, David P Strachan, Kari Stefansson, Cornelia M van Duijn, Joel N Hirschhorn, Cecilia M Lindgren, Iris M Heid, Kari E North, Ingrid B Borecki, Zoltán Kutalik, Ruth J F Loos
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005378.].
June 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346686/platelet-related-variants-identified-by-exomechip-meta-analysis-in-157-293-individuals
#11
John D Eicher, Nathalie Chami, Tim Kacprowski, Akihiro Nomura, Ming-Huei Chen, Lisa R Yanek, Salman M Tajuddin, Ursula M Schick, Andrew J Slater, Nathan Pankratz, Linda Polfus, Claudia Schurmann, Ayush Giri, Jennifer A Brody, Leslie A Lange, Ani Manichaikul, W David Hill, Raha Pazoki, Paul Elliot, Evangelos Evangelou, Ioanna Tzoulaki, He Gao, Anne-Claire Vergnaud, Rasika A Mathias, Diane M Becker, Lewis C Becker, Amber Burt, David R Crosslin, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Kjell Nikus, Jussi Hernesniemi, Mika Kähönen, Emma Raitoharju, Nina Mononen, Olli T Raitakari, Terho Lehtimäki, Mary Cushman, Neil A Zakai, Deborah A Nickerson, Laura M Raffield, Rakale Quarells, Cristen J Willer, Gina M Peloso, Goncalo R Abecasis, Dajiang J Liu, Panos Deloukas, Nilesh J Samani, Heribert Schunkert, Jeanette Erdmann, Myriam Fornage, Melissa Richard, Jean-Claude Tardif, John D Rioux, Marie-Pierre Dube, Simon de Denus, Yingchang Lu, Erwin P Bottinger, Ruth J F Loos, Albert Vernon Smith, Tamara B Harris, Lenore J Launer, Vilmundur Gudnason, Digna R Velez Edwards, Eric S Torstenson, Yongmei Liu, Russell P Tracy, Jerome I Rotter, Stephen S Rich, Heather M Highland, Eric Boerwinkle, Jin Li, Ethan Lange, James G Wilson, Evelin Mihailov, Reedik Mägi, Joel Hirschhorn, Andres Metspalu, Tõnu Esko, Caterina Vacchi-Suzzi, Mike A Nalls, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans, Gunnar Engström, Marju Orho-Melander, Olle Melander, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Dawn M Waterworth, Lars Wallentin, Harvey D White, James S Floyd, Traci M Bartz, Kenneth M Rice, Bruce M Psaty, J M Starr, David C M Liewald, Caroline Hayward, Ian J Deary, Andreas Greinacher, Uwe Völker, Thomas Thiele, Henry Völzke, Frank J A van Rooij, André G Uitterlinden, Oscar H Franco, Abbas Dehghan, Todd L Edwards, Santhi K Ganesh, Sekar Kathiresan, Nauder Faraday, Paul L Auer, Alex P Reiner, Guillaume Lettre, Andrew D Johnson
Platelet production, maintenance, and clearance are tightly controlled processes indicative of platelets' important roles in hemostasis and thrombosis. Platelets are common targets for primary and secondary prevention of several conditions. They are monitored clinically by complete blood counts, specifically with measurements of platelet count (PLT) and mean platelet volume (MPV). Identifying genetic effects on PLT and MPV can provide mechanistic insights into platelet biology and their role in disease. Therefore, we formed the Blood Cell Consortium (BCX) to perform a large-scale meta-analysis of Exomechip association results for PLT and MPV in 157,293 and 57,617 individuals, respectively...
July 7, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182959/targeted-exonic-sequencing-of-gwas-loci-in-the-high-extremes-of-the-plasma-lipids-distribution
#12
Aniruddh P Patel, Gina M Peloso, James P Pirruccello, Christopher T Johansen, Joseph B Dubé, Daniel B Larach, Matthew R Ban, Geesje M Dallinge-Thie, Namrata Gupta, Michael Boehnke, Gonçalo R Abecasis, John J P Kastelein, G Kees Hovingh, Robert A Hegele, Daniel J Rader, Sekar Kathiresan
OBJECTIVE: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for plasma lipid levels have mapped numerous genomic loci, with each region often containing many protein-coding genes. Targeted re-sequencing of exons is a strategy to pinpoint causal variants and genes. METHODS: We performed solution-based hybrid selection of 9008 exons at 939 genes within 95 GWAS loci for plasma lipid levels and sequenced using next-generation sequencing technology individuals with extremely high as well as low to normal levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, n = 311; mean low = 71 mg/dl versus high = 241 mg/dl), triglycerides (TG, n = 308; mean low = 75 mg/dl versus high = 1938 mg/dl), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, n = 684; mean low = 32 mg/dl versus high = 102 mg/dl)...
July 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153000/rvtests-an-efficient-and-comprehensive-tool-for-rare-variant-association-analysis-using-sequence-data
#13
Xiaowei Zhan, Youna Hu, Bingshan Li, Goncalo R Abecasis, Dajiang J Liu
MOTIVATION: Next-generation sequencing technologies have enabled the large-scale assessment of the impact of rare and low-frequency genetic variants for complex human diseases. Gene-level association tests are often performed to analyze rare variants, where multiple rare variants in a gene region are analyzed jointly. Applying gene-level association tests to analyze sequence data often requires integrating multiple heterogeneous sources of information (e.g. annotations, functional prediction scores, allele frequencies, genotypes and phenotypes) to determine the optimal analysis unit and prioritize causal variants...
May 1, 2016: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111036/punctuated-bursts-in-human-male-demography-inferred-from-1-244-worldwide-y-chromosome-sequences
#14
G David Poznik, Yali Xue, Fernando L Mendez, Thomas F Willems, Andrea Massaia, Melissa A Wilson Sayres, Qasim Ayub, Shane A McCarthy, Apurva Narechania, Seva Kashin, Yuan Chen, Ruby Banerjee, Juan L Rodriguez-Flores, Maria Cerezo, Haojing Shao, Melissa Gymrek, Ankit Malhotra, Sandra Louzada, Rob Desalle, Graham R S Ritchie, Eliza Cerveira, Tomas W Fitzgerald, Erik Garrison, Anthony Marcketta, David Mittelman, Mallory Romanovitch, Chengsheng Zhang, Xiangqun Zheng-Bradley, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Steven A McCarroll, Paul Flicek, Peter A Underhill, Lachlan Coin, Daniel R Zerbino, Fengtang Yang, Charles Lee, Laura Clarke, Adam Auton, Yaniv Erlich, Robert E Handsaker, Carlos D Bustamante, Chris Tyler-Smith
We report the sequences of 1,244 human Y chromosomes randomly ascertained from 26 worldwide populations by the 1000 Genomes Project. We discovered more than 65,000 variants, including single-nucleotide variants, multiple-nucleotide variants, insertions and deletions, short tandem repeats, and copy number variants. Of these, copy number variants contribute the greatest predicted functional impact. We constructed a calibrated phylogenetic tree on the basis of binary single-nucleotide variants and projected the more complex variants onto it, estimating the number of mutations for each class...
June 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26965621/rare-variant-in-scavenger-receptor-bi-raises-hdl-cholesterol-and-increases-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease
#15
Paolo Zanoni, Sumeet A Khetarpal, Daniel B Larach, William F Hancock-Cerutti, John S Millar, Marina Cuchel, Stephanie DerOhannessian, Anatol Kontush, Praveen Surendran, Danish Saleheen, Stella Trompet, J Wouter Jukema, Anton De Craen, Panos Deloukas, Naveed Sattar, Ian Ford, Chris Packard, Abdullah al Shafi Majumder, Dewan S Alam, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Goncalo Abecasis, Rajiv Chowdhury, Jeanette Erdmann, Børge G Nordestgaard, Sune F Nielsen, Anne Tybjærg-Hansen, Ruth Frikke Schmidt, Kari Kuulasmaa, Dajiang J Liu, Markus Perola, Stefan Blankenberg, Veikko Salomaa, Satu Männistö, Philippe Amouyel, Dominique Arveiler, Jean Ferrieres, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Marco Ferrario, Frank Kee, Cristen J Willer, Nilesh Samani, Heribert Schunkert, Adam S Butterworth, Joanna M M Howson, Gina M Peloso, Nathan O Stitziel, John Danesh, Sekar Kathiresan, Daniel J Rader
Scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI) is the major receptor for high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-C). In humans, high amounts of HDL-C in plasma are associated with a lower risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Mice that have depleted Scarb1 (SR-BI knockout mice) have markedly elevated HDL-C levels but, paradoxically, increased atherosclerosis. The impact of SR-BI on HDL metabolism and CHD risk in humans remains unclear. Through targeted sequencing of coding regions of lipid-modifying genes in 328 individuals with extremely high plasma HDL-C levels, we identified a homozygote for a loss-of-function variant, in which leucine replaces proline 376 (P376L), in SCARB1, the gene encoding SR-BI...
March 11, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26911676/transancestral-fine-mapping-of-four-type-2-diabetes-susceptibility-loci-highlights-potential-causal-regulatory-mechanisms
#16
Momoko Horikoshi, Lorenzo Pasquali, Steven Wiltshire, Jeroen R Huyghe, Anubha Mahajan, Jennifer L Asimit, Teresa Ferreira, Adam E Locke, Neil R Robertson, Xu Wang, Xueling Sim, Hayato Fujita, Kazuo Hara, Robin Young, Weihua Zhang, Sungkyoung Choi, Han Chen, Ismeet Kaur, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Pierre Fontanillas, Dorothée Thuillier, Loic Yengo, Jennifer E Below, Claudia H T Tam, Ying Wu, Gonçalo Abecasis, David Altshuler, Graeme I Bell, John Blangero, Noél P Burtt, Ravindranath Duggirala, Jose C Florez, Craig L Hanis, Mark Seielstad, Gil Atzmon, Juliana C N Chan, Ronald C W Ma, Philippe Froguel, James G Wilson, Dwaipayan Bharadwaj, Josee Dupuis, James B Meigs, Yoon Shin Cho, Taesung Park, Jaspal S Kooner, John C Chambers, Danish Saleheen, Takashi Kadowaki, E Shyong Tai, Karen L Mohlke, Nancy J Cox, Jorge Ferrer, Eleftheria Zeggini, Norihiro Kato, Yik Ying Teo, Michael Boehnke, Mark I McCarthy, Andrew P Morris
To gain insight into potential regulatory mechanisms through which the effects of variants at four established type 2 diabetes (T2D) susceptibility loci (CDKAL1, CDKN2A-B, IGF2BP2 and KCNQ1) are mediated, we undertook transancestral fine-mapping in 22,086 cases and 42,539 controls of East Asian, European, South Asian, African American, and Mexican American descent. Through high-density imputation and conditional analyses, we identified seven distinct association signals at these four loci, each with allelic effects on T2D susceptibility that were homogenous across ancestry groups...
February 23, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26757982/rare-variant-associations-with-waist-to-hip-ratio-in-european-american-and-african-american-women-from-the-nhlbi-exome-sequencing-project
#17
Mengyuan Kan, Paul L Auer, Gao T Wang, Kristine L Bucasas, Stanley Hooker, Alejandra Rodriguez, Biao Li, Jaclyn Ellis, L Adrienne Cupples, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Josée Dupuis, Caroline S Fox, Myron D Gross, Joshua D Smith, Nancy Heard-Costa, James B Meigs, James S Pankow, Jerome I Rotter, David Siscovick, James G Wilson, Jay Shendure, Rebecca Jackson, Ulrike Peters, Hua Zhong, Danyu Lin, Li Hsu, Nora Franceschini, Chris Carlson, Goncalo Abecasis, Stacey Gabriel, Michael J Bamshad, David Altshuler, Deborah A Nickerson, Kari E North, Leslie A Lange, Alexander P Reiner, Suzanne M Leal
Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), a relative comparison of waist and hip circumferences, is an easily accessible measurement of body fat distribution, in particular central abdominal fat. A high WHR indicates more intra-abdominal fat deposition and is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Recent genome-wide association studies have identified numerous common genetic loci influencing WHR, but the contributions of rare variants have not been previously reported. We investigated rare variant associations with WHR in 1510 European-American and 1186 African-American women from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-Exome Sequencing Project...
August 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691988/a-large-genome-wide-association-study-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-highlights-contributions-of-rare-and-common-variants
#18
Lars G Fritsche, Wilmar Igl, Jessica N Cooke Bailey, Felix Grassmann, Sebanti Sengupta, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Kathryn P Burdon, Scott J Hebbring, Cindy Wen, Mathias Gorski, Ivana K Kim, David Cho, Donald Zack, Eric Souied, Hendrik P N Scholl, Elisa Bala, Kristine E Lee, David J Hunter, Rebecca J Sardell, Paul Mitchell, Joanna E Merriam, Valentina Cipriani, Joshua D Hoffman, Tina Schick, Yara T E Lechanteur, Robyn H Guymer, Matthew P Johnson, Yingda Jiang, Chloe M Stanton, Gabriëlle H S Buitendijk, Xiaowei Zhan, Alan M Kwong, Alexis Boleda, Matthew Brooks, Linn Gieser, Rinki Ratnapriya, Kari E Branham, Johanna R Foerster, John R Heckenlively, Mohammad I Othman, Brendan J Vote, Helena Hai Liang, Emmanuelle Souzeau, Ian L McAllister, Timothy Isaacs, Janette Hall, Stewart Lake, David A Mackey, Ian J Constable, Jamie E Craig, Terrie E Kitchner, Zhenglin Yang, Zhiguang Su, Hongrong Luo, Daniel Chen, Hong Ouyang, Ken Flagg, Danni Lin, Guanping Mao, Henry Ferreyra, Klaus Stark, Claudia N von Strachwitz, Armin Wolf, Caroline Brandl, Guenther Rudolph, Matthias Olden, Margaux A Morrison, Denise J Morgan, Matthew Schu, Jeeyun Ahn, Giuliana Silvestri, Evangelia E Tsironi, Kyu Hyung Park, Lindsay A Farrer, Anton Orlin, Alexander Brucker, Mingyao Li, Christine A Curcio, Saddek Mohand-Saïd, José-Alain Sahel, Isabelle Audo, Mustapha Benchaboune, Angela J Cree, Christina A Rennie, Srinivas V Goverdhan, Michelle Grunin, Shira Hagbi-Levi, Peter Campochiaro, Nicholas Katsanis, Frank G Holz, Frédéric Blond, Hélène Blanché, Jean-François Deleuze, Robert P Igo, Barbara Truitt, Neal S Peachey, Stacy M Meuer, Chelsea E Myers, Emily L Moore, Ronald Klein, Michael A Hauser, Eric A Postel, Monique D Courtenay, Stephen G Schwartz, Jaclyn L Kovach, William K Scott, Gerald Liew, Ava G Tan, Bamini Gopinath, John C Merriam, R Theodore Smith, Jane C Khan, Humma Shahid, Anthony T Moore, J Allie McGrath, Reneé Laux, Milam A Brantley, Anita Agarwal, Lebriz Ersoy, Albert Caramoy, Thomas Langmann, Nicole T M Saksens, Eiko K de Jong, Carel B Hoyng, Melinda S Cain, Andrea J Richardson, Tammy M Martin, John Blangero, Daniel E Weeks, Bal Dhillon, Cornelia M van Duijn, Kimberly F Doheny, Jane Romm, Caroline C W Klaver, Caroline Hayward, Michael B Gorin, Michael L Klein, Paul N Baird, Anneke I den Hollander, Sascha Fauser, John R W Yates, Rando Allikmets, Jie Jin Wang, Debra A Schaumberg, Barbara E K Klein, Stephanie A Hagstrom, Itay Chowers, Andrew J Lotery, Thierry Léveillard, Kang Zhang, Murray H Brilliant, Alex W Hewitt, Anand Swaroop, Emily Y Chew, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Margaret DeAngelis, Dwight Stambolian, Jonathan L Haines, Sudha K Iyengar, Bernhard H F Weber, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Iris M Heid
Advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly, with limited therapeutic options. Here we report on a study of >12 million variants, including 163,714 directly genotyped, mostly rare, protein-altering variants. Analyzing 16,144 patients and 17,832 controls, we identify 52 independently associated common and rare variants (P < 5 × 10(-8)) distributed across 34 loci. Although wet and dry AMD subtypes exhibit predominantly shared genetics, we identify the first genetic association signal specific to wet AMD, near MMP9 (difference P value = 4...
February 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26626624/genome-wide-association-analysis-of-psoriatic-arthritis-and-cutaneous-psoriasis-reveals-differences-in-their-genetic-architecture
#19
Philip E Stuart, Rajan P Nair, Lam C Tsoi, Trilokraj Tejasvi, Sayantan Das, Hyun Min Kang, Eva Ellinghaus, Vinod Chandran, Kristina Callis-Duffin, Robert Ike, Yanming Li, Xiaoquan Wen, Charlotta Enerbäck, Johann E Gudjonsson, Sulev Kõks, Külli Kingo, Tõnu Esko, Ulrich Mrowietz, Andre Reis, H Erich Wichmann, Christian Gieger, Per Hoffmann, Markus M Nöthen, Juliane Winkelmann, Manfred Kunz, Elvia G Moreta, Philip J Mease, Christopher T Ritchlin, Anne M Bowcock, Gerald G Krueger, Henry W Lim, Stephan Weidinger, Michael Weichenthal, John J Voorhees, Proton Rahman, Peter K Gregersen, Andre Franke, Dafna D Gladman, Gonçalo R Abecasis, James T Elder
Psoriasis vulgaris (PsV) is a common inflammatory and hyperproliferative skin disease. Up to 30% of people with PsV eventually develop psoriatic arthritis (PsA), an inflammatory musculoskeletal condition. To discern differences in genetic risk factors for PsA and cutaneous-only psoriasis (PsC), we carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 1,430 PsA case subjects and 1,417 unaffected control subjects. Meta-analysis of this study with three other GWASs and two targeted genotyping studies, encompassing a total of 9,293 PsV case subjects, 3,061 PsA case subjects, 3,110 PsC case subjects, and 13,670 unaffected control subjects of European descent, detected 10 regions associated with PsA and 11 with PsC at genome-wide (GW) significance...
December 3, 2015: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26551672/genetic-fine-mapping-and-genomic-annotation-defines-causal-mechanisms-at-type-2-diabetes-susceptibility-loci
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kyle J Gaulton, Teresa Ferreira, Yeji Lee, Anne Raimondo, Reedik Mägi, Michael E Reschen, Anubha Mahajan, Adam Locke, N William Rayner, Neil Robertson, Robert A Scott, Inga Prokopenko, Laura J Scott, Todd Green, Thomas Sparso, Dorothee Thuillier, Loic Yengo, Harald Grallert, Simone Wahl, Mattias Frånberg, Rona J Strawbridge, Hans Kestler, Himanshu Chheda, Lewin Eisele, Stefan Gustafsson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Lu Qi, Lennart C Karssen, Elisabeth M van Leeuwen, Sara M Willems, Man Li, Han Chen, Christian Fuchsberger, Phoenix Kwan, Clement Ma, Michael Linderman, Yingchang Lu, Soren K Thomsen, Jana K Rundle, Nicola L Beer, Martijn van de Bunt, Anil Chalisey, Hyun Min Kang, Benjamin F Voight, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Peter Almgren, Damiano Baldassarre, Beverley Balkau, Rafn Benediktsson, Matthias Blüher, Heiner Boeing, Lori L Bonnycastle, Erwin P Bottinger, Noël P Burtt, Jason Carey, Guillaume Charpentier, Peter S Chines, Marilyn C Cornelis, David J Couper, Andrew T Crenshaw, Rob M van Dam, Alex S F Doney, Mozhgan Dorkhan, Sarah Edkins, Johan G Eriksson, Tonu Esko, Elodie Eury, João Fadista, Jason Flannick, Pierre Fontanillas, Caroline Fox, Paul W Franks, Karl Gertow, Christian Gieger, Bruna Gigante, Omri Gottesman, George B Grant, Niels Grarup, Christopher J Groves, Maija Hassinen, Christian T Have, Christian Herder, Oddgeir L Holmen, Astradur B Hreidarsson, Steve E Humphries, David J Hunter, Anne U Jackson, Anna Jonsson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, Wen-Hong L Kao, Nicola D Kerrison, Leena Kinnunen, Norman Klopp, Augustine Kong, Peter Kovacs, Peter Kraft, Jasmina Kravic, Cordelia Langford, Karin Leander, Liming Liang, Peter Lichtner, Cecilia M Lindgren, Eero Lindholm, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Jian'an Luan, Valeriya Lyssenko, Satu Männistö, Olga McLeod, Julia Meyer, Evelin Mihailov, Ghazala Mirza, Thomas W Mühleisen, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Carmen Navarro, Markus M Nöthen, Nikolay N Oskolkov, Katharine R Owen, Domenico Palli, Sonali Pechlivanis, Leena Peltonen, John R B Perry, Carl G P Platou, Michael Roden, Douglas Ruderfer, Denis Rybin, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Bengt Sennblad, Gunnar Sigurðsson, Alena Stančáková, Gerald Steinbach, Petter Storm, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Qi Sun, Barbara Thorand, Emmi Tikkanen, Anke Tonjes, Joseph Trakalo, Elena Tremoli, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Roman Wennauer, Steven Wiltshire, Andrew R Wood, Eleftheria Zeggini, Ian Dunham, Ewan Birney, Lorenzo Pasquali, Jorge Ferrer, Ruth J F Loos, Josée Dupuis, Jose C Florez, Eric Boerwinkle, James S Pankow, Cornelia van Duijn, Eric Sijbrands, James B Meigs, Frank B Hu, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Kari Stefansson, Timo A Lakka, Rainer Rauramaa, Michael Stumvoll, Nancy L Pedersen, Lars Lind, Sirkka M Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Eeva Korpi-Hyövälti, Timo E Saaristo, Juha Saltevo, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Andres Metspalu, Raimund Erbel, Karl-Heinz Jöcke, Susanne Moebus, Samuli Ripatti, Veikko Salomaa, Erik Ingelsson, Bernhard O Boehm, Richard N Bergman, Francis S Collins, Karen L Mohlke, Heikki Koistinen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Kristian Hveem, Inger Njølstad, Panagiotis Deloukas, Peter J Donnelly, Timothy M Frayling, Andrew T Hattersley, Ulf de Faire, Anders Hamsten, Thomas Illig, Annette Peters, Stephane Cauchi, Rob Sladek, Philippe Froguel, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Andrew D Morris, Collin N A Palmer, Sekar Kathiresan, Olle Melander, Peter M Nilsson, Leif C Groop, Inês Barroso, Claudia Langenberg, Nicholas J Wareham, Christopher A O'Callaghan, Anna L Gloyn, David Altshuler, Michael Boehnke, Tanya M Teslovich, Mark I McCarthy, Andrew P Morris
We performed fine mapping of 39 established type 2 diabetes (T2D) loci in 27,206 cases and 57,574 controls of European ancestry. We identified 49 distinct association signals at these loci, including five mapping in or near KCNQ1. 'Credible sets' of the variants most likely to drive each distinct signal mapped predominantly to noncoding sequence, implying that association with T2D is mediated through gene regulation. Credible set variants were enriched for overlap with FOXA2 chromatin immunoprecipitation binding sites in human islet and liver cells, including at MTNR1B, where fine mapping implicated rs10830963 as driving T2D association...
December 2015: Nature Genetics
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