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Ruth Loos

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905132/transethnic-insight-into-the-genetics-of-glycaemic-traits-fine-mapping-results-from-the-population-architecture-using-genomics-and-epidemiology-page-consortium
#1
Stephanie A Bien, James S Pankow, Jeffrey Haessler, Yinchang N Lu, Nathan Pankratz, Rebecca R Rohde, Alfred Tamuno, Christopher S Carlson, Fredrick R Schumacher, Petra Bůžková, Martha L Daviglus, Unhee Lim, Myriam Fornage, Lindsay Fernandez-Rhodes, Larissa Avilés-Santa, Steven Buyske, Myron D Gross, Mariaelisa Graff, Carmen R Isasi, Lewis H Kuller, JoAnn E Manson, Tara C Matise, Ross L Prentice, Lynne R Wilkens, Sachiko Yoneyama, Ruth J F Loos, Lucia A Hindorff, Loic Le Marchand, Kari E North, Christopher A Haiman, Ulrike Peters, Charles Kooperberg
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Elevated levels of fasting glucose and fasting insulin in non-diabetic individuals are markers of dysregulation of glucose metabolism and are strong risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Genome-wide association studies have discovered over 50 SNPs associated with these traits. Most of these loci were discovered in European populations and have not been tested in a well-powered multi-ethnic study. We hypothesised that a large, ancestrally diverse, fine-mapping genetic study of glycaemic traits would identify novel and population-specific associations that were previously undetectable by European-centric studies...
September 13, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898252/impact-of-common-genetic-determinants-of-hemoglobin-a1c-on-type-2-diabetes-risk-and-diagnosis-in-ancestrally-diverse-populations-a-transethnic-genome-wide-meta-analysis
#2
Eleanor Wheeler, Aaron Leong, Ching-Ti Liu, Marie-France Hivert, Rona J Strawbridge, Clara Podmore, Man Li, Jie Yao, Xueling Sim, Jaeyoung Hong, Audrey Y Chu, Weihua Zhang, Xu Wang, Peng Chen, Nisa M Maruthur, Bianca C Porneala, Stephen J Sharp, Yucheng Jia, Edmond K Kabagambe, Li-Ching Chang, Wei-Min Chen, Cathy E Elks, Daniel S Evans, Qiao Fan, Franco Giulianini, Min Jin Go, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Yao Hu, Anne U Jackson, Stavroula Kanoni, Young Jin Kim, Marcus E Kleber, Claes Ladenvall, Cecile Lecoeur, Sing-Hui Lim, Yingchang Lu, Anubha Mahajan, Carola Marzi, Mike A Nalls, Pau Navarro, Ilja M Nolte, Lynda M Rose, Denis V Rybin, Serena Sanna, Yuan Shi, Daniel O Stram, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Shu Pei Tan, Peter J van der Most, Jana V Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Andrew Wong, Loic Yengo, Wanting Zhao, Anuj Goel, Maria Teresa Martinez Larrad, Dörte Radke, Perttu Salo, Toshiko Tanaka, Erik P A van Iperen, Goncalo Abecasis, Saima Afaq, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Alain G Bertoni, Amelie Bonnefond, Yvonne Böttcher, Erwin P Bottinger, Harry Campbell, Olga D Carlson, Chien-Hsiun Chen, Yoon Shin Cho, W Timothy Garvey, Christian Gieger, Mark O Goodarzi, Harald Grallert, Anders Hamsten, Catharina A Hartman, Christian Herder, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Jie Huang, Michiya Igase, Masato Isono, Tomohiro Katsuya, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Wieland Kiess, Katsuhiko Kohara, Peter Kovacs, Juyoung Lee, Wen-Jane Lee, Benjamin Lehne, Huaixing Li, Jianjun Liu, Stephane Lobbens, Jian'an Luan, Valeriya Lyssenko, Thomas Meitinger, Tetsuro Miki, Iva Miljkovic, Sanghoon Moon, Antonella Mulas, Gabriele Müller, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Ramaiah Nagaraja, Matthias Nauck, James S Pankow, Ozren Polasek, Inga Prokopenko, Paula S Ramos, Laura Rasmussen-Torvik, Wolfgang Rathmann, Stephen S Rich, Neil R Robertson, Michael Roden, Ronan Roussel, Igor Rudan, Robert A Scott, William R Scott, Bengt Sennblad, David S Siscovick, Konstantin Strauch, Liang Sun, Morris Swertz, Salman M Tajuddin, Kent D Taylor, Yik-Ying Teo, Yih Chung Tham, Anke Tönjes, Nicholas J Wareham, Gonneke Willemsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Aroon D Hingorani, Josephine Egan, Luigi Ferrucci, G Kees Hovingh, Antti Jula, Mika Kivimaki, Meena Kumari, Inger Njølstad, Colin N A Palmer, Manuel Serrano Ríos, Michael Stumvoll, Hugh Watkins, Tin Aung, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefan R Bornstein, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Yduan-Tsong Chen, Ching-Yu Cheng, Francesco Cucca, Eco J C de Geus, Panos Deloukas, Michele K Evans, Myriam Fornage, Yechiel Friedlander, Philippe Froguel, Leif Groop, Myron D Gross, Tamara B Harris, Caroline Hayward, Chew-Kiat Heng, Erik Ingelsson, Norihiro Kato, Bong-Jo Kim, Woon-Puay Koh, Jaspal S Kooner, Antje Körner, Diana Kuh, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Xu Lin, Yongmei Liu, Ruth J F Loos, Patrik K E Magnusson, Winfried März, Mark I McCarthy, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Ken K Ong, Nancy L Pedersen, Mark A Pereira, Annette Peters, Paul M Ridker, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Michele Sale, Danish Saleheen, Juha Saltevo, Peter Eh Schwarz, Wayne H H Sheu, Harold Snieder, Timothy D Spector, Yasuharu Tabara, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Rob M van Dam, James G Wilson, James F Wilson, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Tien Yin Wong, Jer-Yuarn Wu, Jian-Min Yuan, Alan B Zonderman, Nicole Soranzo, Xiuqing Guo, David J Roberts, Jose C Florez, Robert Sladek, Josée Dupuis, Andrew P Morris, E-Shyong Tai, Elizabeth Selvin, Jerome I Rotter, Claudia Langenberg, Inês Barroso, James B Meigs
BACKGROUND: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is used to diagnose type 2 diabetes (T2D) and assess glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 18 HbA1c-associated genetic variants. These variants proved to be classifiable by their likely biological action as erythrocytic (also associated with erythrocyte traits) or glycemic (associated with other glucose-related traits). In this study, we tested the hypotheses that, in a very large scale GWAS, we would identify more genetic variants associated with HbA1c and that HbA1c variants implicated in erythrocytic biology would affect the diagnostic accuracy of HbA1c...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895531/genetic-identification-of-a-common-collagen-disease-in-puerto-ricans-via-identity-by-descent-mapping-in-a-health-system
#3
Gillian Morven Belbin, Jacqueline Odgis, Elena P Sorokin, Muh-Ching Yee, Sumita Kohli, Benjamin S Glicksberg, Christopher R Gignoux, Genevieve L Wojcik, Tielman Van Vleck, Janina M Jeff, Michael Linderman, Claudia Schurmann, Douglas Ruderfer, Xiaoqiang Cai, Amanda Merkelson, Anne E Justice, Kristin L Young, Misa Graff, Kari E North, Ulrike Peters, Regina James, Lucia Hindorff, Ruth Kornreich, Lisa Edelmann, Omri Gottesman, Eli Ea Stahl, Judy H Cho, Ruth Jf Loos, Erwin P Bottinger, Girish N Nadkarni, Noura S Abul-Husn, Eimear E Kenny
Achieving confidence in the causality of a disease locus is a complex task that often requires supporting data from both statistical genetics and clinical genomics. Here we describe a combined approach to identify and characterize a genetic disorder that leverages distantly related patients in a health system and population-scale mapping. We utilize genomic data to uncover components of distant pedigrees, in the absence of recorded pedigree information, in the multi-ethnic BioMe biobank in New York City. By linking to medical records, we discover a locus associated with both elevated genetic relatedness and extreme short stature...
September 12, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869590/identification-of-new-susceptibility-loci-for-type-2-diabetes-and-shared-etiological-pathways-with-coronary-heart-disease
#4
Wei Zhao, Asif Rasheed, Emmi Tikkanen, Jung-Jin Lee, Adam S Butterworth, Joanna M M Howson, Themistocles L Assimes, Rajiv Chowdhury, Marju Orho-Melander, Scott Damrauer, Aeron Small, Senay Asma, Minako Imamura, Toshimasa Yamauch, John C Chambers, Peng Chen, Bishwa R Sapkota, Nabi Shah, Sehrish Jabeen, Praveen Surendran, Yingchang Lu, Weihua Zhang, Atif Imran, Shahid Abbas, Faisal Majeed, Kevin Trindade, Nadeem Qamar, Nadeem Hayyat Mallick, Zia Yaqoob, Tahir Saghir, Syed Nadeem Hasan Rizvi, Anis Memon, Syed Zahed Rasheed, Fazal-Ur-Rehman Memon, Khalid Mehmood, Naveeduddin Ahmed, Irshad Hussain Qureshi, Tanveer-Us-Salam, Wasim Iqbal, Uzma Malik, Narinder Mehra, Jane Z Kuo, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xiuqing Guo, Chao A Hsiung, Jyh-Ming J Juang, Kent D Taylor, Yi-Jen Hung, Wen-Jane Lee, Thomas Quertermous, I-Te Lee, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Erwin P Bottinger, Sarju Ralhan, Yik Ying Teo, Tzung-Dau Wang, Dewan S Alam, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Steve Epstein, Sune F Nielsen, Børge G Nordestgaard, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Robin Young, Marianne Benn, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Pia R Kamstrup, J Wouter Jukema, Naveed Sattar, Roelof Smit, Ren-Hua Chung, Kae-Woei Liang, Sonia Anand, Dharambir K Sanghera, Samuli Ripatti, Ruth J F Loos, Jaspal S Kooner, E Shyong Tai, Jerome I Rotter, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Philippe Frossard, Shiro Maeda, Takashi Kadowaki, Muredach Reilly, Guillaume Pare, Olle Melander, Veikko Salomaa, Daniel J Rader, John Danesh, Benjamin F Voight, Danish Saleheen
To evaluate the shared genetic etiology of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary heart disease (CHD), we conducted a genome-wide, multi-ancestry study of genetic variation for both diseases in up to 265,678 subjects for T2D and 260,365 subjects for CHD. We identify 16 previously unreported loci for T2D and 1 locus for CHD, including a new T2D association at a missense variant in HLA-DRB5 (odds ratio (OR) = 1.29). We show that genetically mediated increase in T2D risk also confers higher CHD risk. Joint T2D-CHD analysis identified eight variants-two of which are coding-where T2D and CHD associations appear to colocalize, including a new joint T2D-CHD association at the CCDC92 locus that also replicated for T2D...
September 4, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832619/correction-genome-wide-physical-activity-interactions-in-adiposity-a-meta-analysis-of-200-452-adults
#5
Mariaelisa Graff, Robert A Scott, Anne E Justice, Kristin L Young, Mary F Feitosa, Llilda Barata, Thomas W Winkler, Audrey Y Chu, Anubha Mahajan, David Hadley, Luting Xue, Tsegaselassie Workalemahu, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Marcel den Hoed, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Qibin Qi, Julius S Ngwa, Frida Renström, Lydia Quaye, John D Eicher, James E Hayes, Marilyn Cornelis, Zoltan Kutalik, Elise Lim, Jian'an Luan, Jennifer E Huffman, Weihua Zhang, Wei Zhao, Paula J Griffin, Toomas Haller, Shafqat Ahmad, Pedro M Marques-Vidal, Stephanie Bien, Loic Yengo, Alexander Teumer, Albert Vernon Smith, Meena Kumari, Marie Neergaard Harder, Johanne Marie Justesen, Marcus E Kleber, Mette Hollensted, Kurt Lohman, Natalia V Rivera, John B Whitfield, Jing Hua Zhao, Heather M Stringham, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Charlotte Huppertz, Gonneke Willemsen, Wouter J Peyrot, Ying Wu, Kati Kristiansson, Ayse Demirkan, Myriam Fornage, Maija Hassinen, Lawrence F Bielak, Gemma Cadby, Toshiko Tanaka, Reedik Mägi, Peter J van der Most, Anne U Jackson, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Veronique Vitart, Jonathan Marten, Pau Navarro, Claire Bellis, Dorota Pasko, Åsa Johansson, Søren Snitker, Yu-Ching Cheng, Joel Eriksson, Unhee Lim, Mette Aadahl, Linda S Adair, Najaf Amin, Beverley Balkau, Juha Auvinen, John Beilby, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Alain G Bertoni, John Blangero, Amélie Bonnefond, Lori L Bonnycastle, Judith B Borja, Søren Brage, Fabio Busonero, Steve Buyske, Harry Campbell, Peter S Chines, Francis S Collins, Tanguy Corre, George Davey Smith, Graciela E Delgado, Nicole Dueker, Marcus Dörr, Tapani Ebeling, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tõnu Esko, Jessica D Faul, Mao Fu, Kristine Færch, Christian Gieger, Sven Gläser, Jian Gong, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Harald Grallert, Tanja B Grammer, Niels Grarup, Gerard van Grootheest, Kennet Harald, Nicholas D Hastie, Aki S Havulinna, Dena Hernandez, Lucia Hindorff, Lynne J Hocking, Oddgeir L Holmens, Christina Holzapfel, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Jie Huang, Tao Huang, Jennie Hui, Cornelia Huth, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Alan L James, John-Olov Jansson, Min A Jhun, Markus Juonala, Leena Kinnunen, Heikki A Koistinen, Ivana Kolcic, Pirjo Komulainen, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsti Kvaløy, Mika Kähönen, Timo A Lakka, Lenore J Launer, Benjamin Lehne, Cecilia M Lindgren, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert Luben, Michel Marre, Yuri Milaneschi, Keri L Monda, Grant W Montgomery, Marleen H M De Moor, Antonella Mulas, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, A W Musk, Reija Männikkö, Satu Männistö, Narisu Narisu, Matthias Nauck, Jennifer A Nettleton, Ilja M Nolte, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Ken K Ong, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Lavinia Paternoster, Jeremiah Perez, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ulrike Peters, Patricia A Peyser, Inga Prokopenko, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Rajesh Rawal, Paul M Ridker, Lynda M Rose, Igor Rudan, Cinzia Sarti, Mark A Sarzynski, Kai Savonen, William R Scott, Serena Sanna, Alan R Shuldiner, Steve Sidney, Günther Silbernagel, Blair H Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Harold Snieder, Alena Stančáková, Barbara Sternfeld, Amy J Swift, Tuija Tammelin, Sian-Tsung Tan, Barbara Thorand, Dorothée Thuillier, Liesbeth Vandenput, Henrik Vestergaard, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Marie-Claude Vohl, Uwe Völker, Gérard Waeber, Mark Walker, Sarah Wild, Andrew Wong, Alan F Wright, M Carola Zillikens, Niha Zubair, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Lemarchand, Ulf Gyllensten, Claes Ohlsson, Albert Hofman, Fernando Rivadeneira, André G Uitterlinden, Louis Pérusse, James F Wilson, Caroline Hayward, Ozren Polasek, Francesco Cucca, Kristian Hveem, Catharina A Hartman, Anke Tönjes, Stefania Bandinelli, Lyle J Palmer, Sharon L R Kardia, Rainer Rauramaa, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Veikko Salomaa, Brenda W J H Penninx, Eco J C de Geus, Dorret I Boomsma, Terho Lehtimäki, Massimo Mangino, Markku Laakso, Claude Bouchard, Nicholas G Martin, Diana Kuh, Yongmei Liu, Allan Linneberg, Winfried März, Konstantin Strauch, Mika Kivimäki, Tamara B Harris, Vilmundur Gudnason, Henry Völzke, Lu Qi, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, John C Chambers, Jaspal S Kooner, Philippe Froguel, Charles Kooperberg, Peter Vollenweider, Göran Hallmans, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Andres Metspalu, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, David R Weir, David J Porteous, Eric Boerwinkle, Daniel I Chasman, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Inês Barroso, Mark I McCarthy, Timothy M Frayling, Jeffrey R O'Connell, Cornelia M van Duijn, Michael Boehnke, Iris M Heid, Karen L Mohlke, David P Strachan, Caroline S Fox, Ching-Ti Liu, Joel N Hirschhorn, Robert J Klein, Andrew D Johnson, Ingrid B Borecki, Paul W Franks, Kari E North, L Adrienne Cupples, Ruth J F Loos, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006528.].
August 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747752/erratum-large-scale-analyses-of-common-and-rare-variants-identify-12-new-loci-associated-with-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Ingrid E Christophersen, Michiel Rienstra, Carolina Roselli, Xiaoyan Yin, Bastiaan Geelhoed, John Barnard, Honghuang Lin, Dan E Arking, Albert V Smith, Christine M Albert, Mark Chaffin, Nathan R Tucker, Molong Li, Derek Klarin, Nathan A Bihlmeyer, Siew-Kee Low, Peter E Weeke, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, J Gustav Smith, Jennifer A Brody, Maartje N Niemeijer, Marcus Dörr, Stella Trompet, Jennifer Huffman, Stefan Gustafsson, Claudia Schurmann, Marcus E Kleber, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Ilkka Seppälä, Rainer Malik, Andrea R V R Horimoto, Marco Perez, Juha Sinisalo, Stefanie Aeschbacher, Sébastien Thériault, Jie Yao, Farid Radmanesh, Stefan Weiss, Alexander Teumer, Seung Hoan Choi, Lu-Chen Weng, Sebastian Clauss, Rajat Deo, Daniel J Rader, Svati H Shah, Albert Sun, Jemma C Hopewell, Stephanie Debette, Ganesh Chauhan, Qiong Yang, Bradford B Worrall, Guillaume Paré, Yoichiro Kamatani, Yanick P Hagemeijer, Niek Verweij, Joylene E Siland, Michiaki Kubo, Jonathan D Smith, David R Van Wagoner, Joshua C Bis, Siegfried Perz, Bruce M Psaty, Paul M Ridker, Jared W Magnani, Tamara B Harris, Lenore J Launer, M Benjamin Shoemaker, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Jeffrey Haessler, Traci M Bartz, Melanie Waldenberger, Peter Lichtner, Marina Arendt, Jose E Krieger, Mika Kähönen, Lorenz Risch, Alfredo J Mansur, Annette Peters, Blair H Smith, Lars Lind, Stuart A Scott, Yingchang Lu, Erwin B Bottinger, Jussi Hernesniemi, Cecilia M Lindgren, Jorge A Wong, Jie Huang, Markku Eskola, Andrew P Morris, Ian Ford, Alex P Reiner, Graciela Delgado, Lin Y Chen, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Roopinder K Sandhu, Man Li, Eric Boerwinkle, Lewin Eisele, Lars Lannfelt, Natalia Rost, Christopher D Anderson, Kent D Taylor, Archie Campbell, Patrik K Magnusson, David Porteous, Lynne J Hocking, Efthymia Vlachopoulou, Nancy L Pedersen, Kjell Nikus, Marju Orho-Melander, Anders Hamsten, Jan Heeringa, Joshua C Denny, Jennifer Kriebel, Dawood Darbar, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Christian Shaffer, Peter W Macfarlane, Stefanie Heilmann-Heimbach, Peter Almgren, Paul L Huang, Nona Sotoodehnia, Elsayed Z Soliman, Andre G Uitterlinden, Albert Hofman, Oscar H Franco, Uwe Völker, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Moritz F Sinner, Henry J Lin, Xiuqing Guo, Martin Dichgans, Erik Ingelsson, Charles Kooperberg, Olle Melander, Ruth J F Loos, Jari Laurikka, David Conen, Jonathan Rosand, Pim van der Harst, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Sekar Kathiresan, Alexandre Pereira, J Wouter Jukema, Caroline Hayward, Jerome I Rotter, Winfried März, Terho Lehtimäki, Bruno H Stricker, Mina K Chung, Stephan B Felix, Vilmundur Gudnason, Alvaro Alonso, Dan M Roden, Stefan Kääb, Daniel I Chasman, Susan R Heckbert, Emelia J Benjamin, Toshihiro Tanaka, Kathryn L Lunetta, Steven A Lubitz, Patrick T Ellinor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724990/large-meta-analysis-of-genome-wide-association-studies-identifies-five-loci-for-lean-body-mass
#7
M Carola Zillikens, Serkalem Demissie, Yi-Hsiang Hsu, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Wen-Chi Chou, Lisette Stolk, Gregory Livshits, Linda Broer, Toby Johnson, Daniel L Koller, Zoltán Kutalik, Jian'an Luan, Ida Malkin, Janina S Ried, Albert V Smith, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Liesbeth Vandenput, Jing Hua Zhao, Weihua Zhang, Ali Aghdassi, Kristina Åkesson, Najaf Amin, Leslie J Baier, Inês Barroso, David A Bennett, Lars Bertram, Rainer Biffar, Murielle Bochud, Michael Boehnke, Ingrid B Borecki, Aron S Buchman, Liisa Byberg, Harry Campbell, Natalia Campos Obanda, Jane A Cauley, Peggy M Cawthon, Henna Cederberg, Zhao Chen, Nam H Cho, Hyung Jin Choi, Melina Claussnitzer, Francis Collins, Steven R Cummings, Philip L De Jager, Ilja Demuth, Rosalie A M Dhonukshe-Rutten, Luda Diatchenko, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Anke W Enneman, Mike Erdos, Johan G Eriksson, Joel Eriksson, Karol Estrada, Daniel S Evans, Mary F Feitosa, Mao Fu, Melissa Garcia, Christian Gieger, Thomas Girke, Nicole L Glazer, Harald Grallert, Jagvir Grewal, Bok-Ghee Han, Robert L Hanson, Caroline Hayward, Albert Hofman, Eric P Hoffman, Georg Homuth, Wen-Chi Hsueh, Monica J Hubal, Alan Hubbard, Kim M Huffman, Lise B Husted, Thomas Illig, Erik Ingelsson, Till Ittermann, John-Olov Jansson, Joanne M Jordan, Antti Jula, Magnus Karlsson, Kay-Tee Khaw, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Norman Klopp, Jacqueline S L Kloth, Heikki A Koistinen, William E Kraus, Stephen Kritchevsky, Teemu Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Jari Lahti, Thomas Lang, Bente L Langdahl, Lenore J Launer, Jong-Young Lee, Markus M Lerch, Joshua R Lewis, Lars Lind, Cecilia Lindgren, Yongmei Liu, Tian Liu, Youfang Liu, Östen Ljunggren, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert N Luben, William Maixner, Fiona E McGuigan, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Thomas Meitinger, Håkan Melhus, Dan Mellström, Simon Melov, Karl Michaëlsson, Braxton D Mitchell, Andrew P Morris, Leif Mosekilde, Anne Newman, Carrie M Nielson, Jeffrey R O'Connell, Ben A Oostra, Eric S Orwoll, Aarno Palotie, Stephan Parker, Munro Peacock, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ozren Polasek, Richard L Prince, Katri Räikkönen, Stuart H Ralston, Samuli Ripatti, John A Robbins, Jerome I Rotter, Igor Rudan, Veikko Salomaa, Suzanne Satterfield, Eric E Schadt, Sabine Schipf, Laura Scott, Joban Sehmi, Jian Shen, Chan Soo Shin, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Shad Smith, Nicole Soranzo, Alena Stančáková, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elizabeth A Streeten, Unnur Styrkarsdottir, Karin M A Swart, Sian-Tsung Tan, Mark A Tarnopolsky, Patricia Thompson, Cynthia A Thomson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Emmi Tikkanen, Gregory J Tranah, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Natasja M van Schoor, Arjun Verma, Peter Vollenweider, Henry Völzke, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Mark Walker, Michael N Weedon, Ryan Welch, H-Erich Wichman, Elisabeth Widen, Frances M K Williams, James F Wilson, Nicole C Wright, Weijia Xie, Lei Yu, Yanhua Zhou, John C Chambers, Angela Döring, Cornelia M van Duijn, Michael J Econs, Vilmundur Gudnason, Jaspal S Kooner, Bruce M Psaty, Timothy D Spector, Kari Stefansson, Fernando Rivadeneira, André G Uitterlinden, Nicholas J Wareham, Vicky Ossowski, Dawn Waterworth, Ruth J F Loos, David Karasik, Tamara B Harris, Claes Ohlsson, Douglas P Kiel
Lean body mass, consisting mostly of skeletal muscle, is important for healthy aging. We performed a genome-wide association study for whole body (20 cohorts of European ancestry with n = 38,292) and appendicular (arms and legs) lean body mass (n = 28,330) measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry or bioelectrical impedance analysis, adjusted for sex, age, height, and fat mass. Twenty-one single-nucleotide polymorphisms were significantly associated with lean body mass either genome wide (p < 5 × 10(-8)) or suggestively genome wide (p < 2...
July 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714975/association-analyses-based-on-false-discovery-rate-implicate-new-loci-for-coronary-artery-disease
#8
Christopher P Nelson, Anuj Goel, Adam S Butterworth, Stavroula Kanoni, Tom R Webb, Eirini Marouli, Lingyao Zeng, Ioanna Ntalla, Florence Y Lai, Jemma C Hopewell, Olga Giannakopoulou, Tao Jiang, Stephen E Hamby, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Themistocles L Assimes, Erwin P Bottinger, John C Chambers, Robert Clarke, Colin N A Palmer, Richard M Cubbon, Patrick Ellinor, Raili Ermel, Evangelos Evangelou, Paul W Franks, Christopher Grace, Dongfeng Gu, Aroon D Hingorani, Joanna M M Howson, Erik Ingelsson, Adnan Kastrati, Thorsten Kessler, Theodosios Kyriakou, Terho Lehtimäki, Xiangfeng Lu, Yingchang Lu, Winfried März, Ruth McPherson, Andres Metspalu, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Arno Ruusalepp, Eric E Schadt, Amand F Schmidt, Michael J Sweeting, Pierre A Zalloua, Kamal AlGhalayini, Bernard D Keavney, Jaspal S Kooner, Ruth J F Loos, Riyaz S Patel, Martin K Rutter, Maciej Tomaszewski, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Eleftheria Zeggini, Jeanette Erdmann, George Dedoussis, Johan L M Björkegren, Heribert Schunkert, Martin Farrall, John Danesh, Nilesh J Samani, Hugh Watkins, Panos Deloukas
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in coronary artery disease (CAD) had identified 66 loci at 'genome-wide significance' (P < 5 × 10(-8)) at the time of this analysis, but a much larger number of putative loci at a false discovery rate (FDR) of 5% (refs. 1,2,3,4). Here we leverage an interim release of UK Biobank (UKBB) data to evaluate the validity of the FDR approach. We tested a CAD phenotype inclusive of angina (SOFT; ncases = 10,801) as well as a stricter definition without angina (HARD; ncases = 6,482) and selected cases with the former phenotype to conduct a meta-analysis using the two most recent CAD GWAS...
September 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679550/differences-in-genetic-and-environmental-variation-in-adult-bmi-by-sex-age-time-period-and-region-an-individual-based-pooled-analysis-of-40-twin-cohorts
#9
Karri Silventoinen, Aline Jelenkovic, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Yoon-Mi Hur, Wendy Cozen, Amie E Hwang, Thomas M Mack, Chika Honda, Fujio Inui, Yoshinori Iwatani, Mikio Watanabe, Rie Tomizawa, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Aila Rissanen, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Qihua Tan, Dongfeng Zhang, Zengchang Pang, Maarit Piirtola, Sari Aaltonen, Sevgi Y Öncel, Fazil Aliev, Esther Rebato, Jacob B Hjelmborg, Kaare Christensen, Axel Skytthe, Kirsten O Kyvik, Judy L Silberg, Lindon J Eaves, Tessa L Cutler, Juan R Ordoñana, Juan F Sánchez-Romera, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Yun-Mi Song, Sarah Yang, Kayoung Lee, Carol E Franz, William S Kremen, Michael J Lyons, Andreas Busjahn, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Christian Kandler, Kerry L Jang, Margaret Gatz, David A Butler, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Cristina D'Ippolito, Glen E Duncan, Dedra Buchwald, Nicholas G Martin, Sarah E Medland, Grant W Montgomery, Hoe-Uk Jeong, Gary E Swan, Ruth Krasnow, Patrik Ke Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Tom A McAdams, Thalia C Eley, Alice M Gregory, Per Tynelius, Laura A Baker, Catherine Tuvblad, Gombojav Bayasgalan, Danshiitsoodol Narandalai, Timothy D Spector, Massimo Mangino, Genevieve Lachance, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Jennifer R Harris, Ingunn Brandt, Thomas S Nilsen, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Robin P Corley, Brooke M Huibregtse, Meike Bartels, Catharina Em van Beijsterveldt, Gonneke Willemsen, Jack H Goldberg, Finn Rasmussen, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Catherine A Derom, Robert F Vlietinck, Ruth Jf Loos, John L Hopper, Joohon Sung, Hermine H Maes, Eric Turkheimer, Dorret I Boomsma, Thorkild Ia Sørensen, Jaakko Kaprio
Background: Genes and the environment contribute to variation in adult body mass index [BMI (in kg/m(2))], but factors modifying these variance components are poorly understood.Objective: We analyzed genetic and environmental variation in BMI between men and women from young adulthood to old age from the 1940s to the 2000s and between cultural-geographic regions representing high (North America and Australia), moderate (Europe), and low (East Asia) prevalence of obesity.Design: We used genetic structural equation modeling to analyze BMI in twins ≥20 y of age from 40 cohorts representing 20 countries (140,379 complete twin pairs)...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617414/obesity
#10
REVIEW
Pedro González-Muniesa, Miguel-Angel Mártinez-González, Frank B Hu, Jean-Pierre Després, Yuji Matsuzawa, Ruth J F Loos, Luis A Moreno, George A Bray, J Alfredo Martinez
Excessive fat deposition in obesity has a multifactorial aetiology, but is widely considered the result of disequilibrium between energy intake and expenditure. Despite specific public health policies and individual treatment efforts to combat the obesity epidemic, >2 billion people worldwide are overweight or obese. The central nervous system circuitry, fuel turnover and metabolism as well as adipose tissue homeostasis are important to comprehend excessive weight gain and associated comorbidities. Obesity has a profound impact on quality of life, even in seemingly healthy individuals...
June 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614350/ranking-and-characterization-of-established-bmi-and-lipid-associated-loci-as-candidates-for-gene-environment-interactions
#11
Dmitry Shungin, Wei Q Deng, Tibor V Varga, Jian'an Luan, Evelin Mihailov, Andres Metspalu, Andrew P Morris, Nita G Forouhi, Cecilia Lindgren, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Göran Hallmans, Audrey Y Chu, Anne E Justice, Mariaelisa Graff, Thomas W Winkler, Lynda M Rose, Claudia Langenberg, L Adrienne Cupples, Paul M Ridker, Nicholas J Wareham, Ken K Ong, Ruth J F Loos, Daniel I Chasman, Erik Ingelsson, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Robert A Scott, Reedik Mägi, Guillaume Paré, Paul W Franks
Phenotypic variance heterogeneity across genotypes at a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) may reflect underlying gene-environment (G×E) or gene-gene interactions. We modeled variance heterogeneity for blood lipids and BMI in up to 44,211 participants and investigated relationships between variance effects (Pv), G×E interaction effects (with smoking and physical activity), and marginal genetic effects (Pm). Correlations between Pv and Pm were stronger for SNPs with established marginal effects (Spearman's ρ = 0...
June 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583126/blood-pressure-in-young-adulthood-and-residential-greenness-in-the-early-life-environment-of-twins
#12
Esmée M Bijnens, Tim S Nawrot, Ruth Jf Loos, Marij Gielen, Robert Vlietinck, Catherine Derom, Maurice P Zeegers
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that, besides risk factors in adult life, the early-life environment can influence blood pressure and hypertension in adults. However, the effects of residential traffic exposure and residential greenness in the early-life on blood pressure in young adulthood are currently unknown. METHODS: Ambulatory (24-h) blood pressures of 278 twins (132 pairs) of the East Flanders Prospective Twins Study were obtained at the age of 18 to 25 years...
June 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566273/an-expanded-genome-wide-association-study-of-type-2-diabetes-in-europeans
#13
Robert A Scott, Laura J Scott, Reedik Mägi, Letizia Marullo, Kyle J Gaulton, Marika Kaakinen, Natalia Pervjakova, Tune H Pers, Andrew D Johnson, John D Eicher, Anne U Jackson, Teresa Ferreira, Yeji Lee, Clement Ma, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Lu Qi, Natalie R Van Zuydam, Anubha Mahajan, Han Chen, Peter Almgren, Ben F Voight, Harald Grallert, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Janina S Ried, William N Rayner, Neil Robertson, Lennart C Karssen, Elisabeth M van Leeuwen, Sara M Willems, Christian Fuchsberger, Phoenix Kwan, Tanya M Teslovich, Pritam Chanda, Man Li, Yingchang Lu, Christian Dina, Dorothee Thuillier, Loic Yengo, Longda Jiang, Thomas Sparso, Hans A Kestler, Himanshu Chheda, Lewin Eisele, Stefan Gustafsson, Mattias Frånberg, Rona J Strawbridge, Rafn Benediktsson, Astradur B Hreidarsson, Augustine Kong, Gunnar Sigurðsson, Nicola D Kerrison, Jian'an Luan, Liming Liang, Thomas Meitinger, Michael Roden, Barbara Thorand, Tõnu Esko, Evelin Mihailov, Caroline Fox, Ching-Ti Liu, Denis Rybin, Bo Isomaa, Valeriya Lyssenko, Tiinamaija Tuomi, David J Couper, James S Pankow, Niels Grarup, Christian T Have, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, Allan Linneberg, Marilyn C Cornelis, Rob M van Dam, David J Hunter, Peter Kraft, Qi Sun, Sarah Edkins, Katharine R Owen, John Rb Perry, Andrew R Wood, Eleftheria Zeggini, Juan Tajes-Fernandes, Goncalo R Abecasis, Lori L Bonnycastle, Peter S Chines, Heather M Stringham, Heikki A Koistinen, Leena Kinnunen, Bengt Sennblad, Thomas W Mühleisen, Markus M Nöthen, Sonali Pechlivanis, Damiano Baldassarre, Karl Gertow, Steve E Humphries, Elena Tremoli, Norman Klopp, Julia Meyer, Gerald Steinbach, Roman Wennauer, Johan G Eriksson, Satu Mӓnnistö, Leena Peltonen, Emmi Tikkanen, Guillaume Charpentier, Elodie Eury, Stéphane Lobbens, Bruna Gigante, Karin Leander, Olga McLeod, Erwin P Bottinger, Omri Gottesman, Douglas Ruderfer, Matthias Blüher, Peter Kovacs, Anke Tonjes, Nisa M Maruthur, Chiara Scapoli, Raimund Erbel, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus, Ulf de Faire, Anders Hamsten, Michael Stumvoll, Panagiotis Deloukas, Peter J Donnelly, Timothy M Frayling, Andrew T Hattersley, Samuli Ripatti, Veikko Salomaa, Nancy L Pedersen, Bernhard O Boehm, Richard N Bergman, Francis S Collins, Karen L Mohlke, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Inês Barroso, Lars Lannfelt, Erik Ingelsson, Lars Lind, Cecilia M Lindgren, Stephane Cauchi, Philippe Froguel, Ruth Jf Loos, Beverley Balkau, Heiner Boeing, Paul W Franks, Aurelio Barricarte Gurrea, Domenico Palli, Yvonne T van der Schouw, David Altshuler, Leif C Groop, Claudia Langenberg, Nicholas J Wareham, Eric Sijbrands, Cornelia M van Duijn, Jose C Florez, James B Meigs, Eric Boerwinkle, Christian Gieger, Konstantin Strauch, Andres Metspalu, Andrew D Morris, Colin Na Palmer, Frank B Hu, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Kari Stefansson, Josée Dupuis, Andrew P Morris, Michael Boehnke, Mark I McCarthy, Inga Prokopenko
To characterise type 2 diabetes (T2D) associated variation across the allele frequency spectrum, we conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association data from 26,676 T2D cases and 132,532 controls of European ancestry after imputation using the 1000 Genomes multi-ethnic reference panel. Promising association signals were followed-up in additional data sets (of 14,545 or 7,397 T2D cases and 38,994 or 71,604 controls). We identified 13 novel T2D-associated loci (p<5×10(-8)), including variants near the GLP2R, GIP, and HLA-DQA1 genes...
May 31, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548086/corrigendum-1000-genomes-based-meta-analysis-identifies-10-novel-loci-for-kidney-function
#14
Mathias Gorski, Peter J van der Most, Alexander Teumer, Audrey Y Chu, Man Li, Vladan Mijatovic, Ilja M Nolte, Massimiliano Cocca, Daniel Taliun, Felicia Gomez, Yong Li, Bamidele Tayo, Adrienne Tin, Mary F Feitosa, Thor Aspelund, John Attia, Reiner Biffar, Murielle Bochud, Eric Boerwinkle, Ingrid Borecki, Erwin P Bottinger, Ming-Huei Chen, Vincent Chouraki, Marina Ciullo, Josef Coresh, Marilyn C Cornelis, Gary C Curhan, Adamo Pio d' Adamo, Abbas Dehghan, Laura Dengler, Jingzhong Ding, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Karlhans Endlich, Stefan Enroth, Tõnu Esko, Oscar H Franco, Paolo Gasparini, Christian Gieger, Giorgia Girotto, Omri Gottesman, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ulf Gyllensten, Stephen J Hancock, Tamara B Harris, Catherine Helmer, Simon Höllerer, Edith Hofer, Albert Hofman, Elizabeth G Holliday, Georg Homuth, Frank B Hu, Cornelia Huth, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Shih-Jen Hwang, Medea Imboden, Åsa Johansson, Mika Kähönen, Wolfgang König, Holly Kramer, Bernhard K Krämer, Ashish Kumar, Zoltan Kutalik, Jean-Charles Lambert, Lenore J Launer, Terho Lehtimäki, Martin H de Borst, Gerjan Navis, Morris Swertz, Yongmei Liu, Kurt Lohman, Ruth J F Loos, Yingchang Lu, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Mark A McEvoy, Christa Meisinger, Thomas Meitinger, Andres Metspalu, Marie Metzger, Evelin Mihailov, Paul Mitchell, Matthias Nauck, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Brenda Wjh Penninx, Giorgio Pistis, Peter P Pramstaller, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Olli T Raitakari, Rainer Rettig, Paul M Ridker, Fernando Rivadeneira, Antonietta Robino, Sylvia E Rosas, Douglas Ruderfer, Daniela Ruggiero, Yasaman Saba, Cinzia Sala, Helena Schmidt, Reinhold Schmidt, Rodney J Scott, Sanaz Sedaghat, Albert V Smith, Rossella Sorice, Benedicte Stengel, Sylvia Stracke, Konstantin Strauch, Daniela Toniolo, Andre G Uitterlinden, Sheila Ulivi, Jorma S Viikari, Uwe Völker, Peter Vollenweider, Henry Völzke, Dragana Vuckovic, Melanie Waldenberger, Jie Jin Wang, Qiong Yang, Daniel I Chasman, Gerard Tromp, Harold Snieder, Iris M Heid, Caroline S Fox, Anna Köttgen, Cristian Pattaro, Carsten A Böger, Christian Fuchsberger
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep45040.
May 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541271/protein-altering-and-regulatory-genetic-variants-near-gata4-implicated-in-bicuspid-aortic-valve
#15
Bo Yang, Wei Zhou, Jiao Jiao, Jonas B Nielsen, Michael R Mathis, Mahyar Heydarpour, Guillaume Lettre, Lasse Folkersen, Siddharth Prakash, Claudia Schurmann, Lars Fritsche, Gregory A Farnum, Maoxuan Lin, Mohammad Othman, Whitney Hornsby, Anisa Driscoll, Alexandra Levasseur, Marc Thomas, Linda Farhat, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Eric M Isselbacher, Anders Franco-Cereceda, Dong-Chuan Guo, Erwin P Bottinger, G Michael Deeb, Anna Booher, Sachin Kheterpal, Y Eugene Chen, Hyun Min Kang, Jacob Kitzman, Heather J Cordell, Bernard D Keavney, Judith A Goodship, Santhi K Ganesh, Gonçalo Abecasis, Kim A Eagle, Alan P Boyle, Ruth J F Loos, Per Eriksson, Jean-Claude Tardif, Chad M Brummett, Dianna M Milewicz, Simon C Body, Cristen J Willer
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a heritable congenital heart defect and an important risk factor for valvulopathy and aortopathy. Here we report a genome-wide association scan of 466 BAV cases and 4,660 age, sex and ethnicity-matched controls with replication in up to 1,326 cases and 8,103 controls. We identify association with a noncoding variant 151 kb from the gene encoding the cardiac-specific transcription factor, GATA4, and near-significance for p.Ser377Gly in GATA4. GATA4 was interrupted by CRISPR-Cas9 in induced pluripotent stem cells from healthy donors...
May 25, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520984/genome-wide-association-study-of-heavy-smoking-and-daily-nondaily-smoking-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#16
Nancy L Saccone, Leslie S Emery, Tamar Sofer, Stephanie M Gogarten, Diane M Becker, Erwin P Bottinger, Li-Shiun Chen, Robert C Culverhouse, Weimin Duan, Dana B Hancock, H Dean Hosgood, Eric O Johnson, Ruth J F Loos, Tin Louie, George Papanicolaou, Krista M Perreira, Erik J Rodriquez, Claudia Schurmann, Adrienne M Stilp, Adam A Szpiro, Gregory A Talavera, Kent D Taylor, James F Thrasher, Lisa R Yanek, Cathy C Laurie, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Laura J Bierut, Robert C Kaplan
Introduction: Genetic variants associated with nicotine dependence have previously been identified, primarily in European-ancestry populations. No genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been reported for smoking behaviors in Hispanics/Latinos in the U.S. and Latin America, who are of mixed ancestry with European, African, and American Indigenous components. Methods: We examined genetic associations with smoking behaviors in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) [N=12,741 with smoking data, 5,119 ever smokers], using ~2...
May 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498854/single-trait-and-multi-trait-genome-wide-association-analyses-identify-novel-loci-for-blood-pressure-in-african-ancestry-populations
#17
Jingjing Liang, Thu H Le, Digna R Velez Edwards, Bamidele O Tayo, Kyle J Gaulton, Jennifer A Smith, Yingchang Lu, Richard A Jensen, Guanjie Chen, Lisa R Yanek, Karen Schwander, Salman M Tajuddin, Tamar Sofer, Wonji Kim, James Kayima, Colin A McKenzie, Ervin Fox, Michael A Nalls, J Hunter Young, Yan V Sun, Jacqueline M Lane, Sylvia Cechova, Jie Zhou, Hua Tang, Myriam Fornage, Solomon K Musani, Heming Wang, Juyoung Lee, Adebowale Adeyemo, Albert W Dreisbach, Terrence Forrester, Pei-Lun Chu, Anne Cappola, Michele K Evans, Alanna C Morrison, Lisa W Martin, Kerri L Wiggins, Qin Hui, Wei Zhao, Rebecca D Jackson, Erin B Ware, Jessica D Faul, Alex P Reiner, Michael Bray, Joshua C Denny, Thomas H Mosley, Walter Palmas, Xiuqing Guo, George J Papanicolaou, Alan D Penman, Joseph F Polak, Kenneth Rice, Ken D Taylor, Eric Boerwinkle, Erwin P Bottinger, Kiang Liu, Neil Risch, Steven C Hunt, Charles Kooperberg, Alan B Zonderman, Cathy C Laurie, Diane M Becker, Jianwen Cai, Ruth J F Loos, Bruce M Psaty, David R Weir, Sharon L R Kardia, Donna K Arnett, Sungho Won, Todd L Edwards, Susan Redline, Richard S Cooper, D C Rao, Jerome I Rotter, Charles Rotimi, Daniel Levy, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiaofeng Zhu, Nora Franceschini
Hypertension is a leading cause of global disease, mortality, and disability. While individuals of African descent suffer a disproportionate burden of hypertension and its complications, they have been underrepresented in genetic studies. To identify novel susceptibility loci for blood pressure and hypertension in people of African ancestry, we performed both single and multiple-trait genome-wide association analyses. We analyzed 21 genome-wide association studies comprised of 31,968 individuals of African ancestry, and validated our results with additional 54,395 individuals from multi-ethnic studies...
May 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465822/does-the-sex-of-one-s-co-twin-affect-height-and-bmi-in-adulthood-a-study-of-dizygotic-adult-twins-from-31-cohorts
#18
Leonie H Bogl, Aline Jelenkovic, Eero Vuoksimaa, Linda Ahrenfeldt, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Cristina D'Ippolito, Yoon-Mi Hur, Hoe-Uk Jeong, Judy L Silberg, Lindon J Eaves, Hermine H Maes, Gombojav Bayasgalan, Danshiitsoodol Narandalai, Tessa L Cutler, Christian Kandler, Kerry L Jang, Kaare Christensen, Axel Skytthe, Kirsten O Kyvik, Wendy Cozen, Amie E Hwang, Thomas M Mack, Catherine A Derom, Robert F Vlietinck, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Robin P Corley, Brooke M Huibregtse, Tom A McAdams, Thalia C Eley, Alice M Gregory, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Gonneke Willemsen, Meike Bartels, Toos C E M van Beijsterveldt, Zengchang Pang, Qihua Tan, Dongfeng Zhang, Nicholas G Martin, Sarah E Medland, Grant W Montgomery, Jacob V B Hjelmborg, Esther Rebato, Gary E Swan, Ruth Krasnow, Andreas Busjahn, Paul Lichtenstein, Sevgi Y Öncel, Fazil Aliev, Laura A Baker, Catherine Tuvblad, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Juan R Ordoñana, Juan F Sánchez-Romera, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Glen E Duncan, Dedra Buchwald, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Yoshie Yokoyama, John L Hopper, Ruth J F Loos, Dorret I Boomsma, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Karri Silventoinen, Jaakko Kaprio
BACKGROUND: The comparison of traits in twins from opposite-sex (OS) and same-sex (SS) dizygotic twin pairs is considered a proxy measure of prenatal hormone exposure. To examine possible prenatal hormonal influences on anthropometric traits, we compared mean height, body mass index (BMI), and the prevalence of being overweight or obese between men and women from OS and SS dizygotic twin pairs. METHODS: The data were derived from the COllaborative project of Development of Anthropometrical measures in Twins (CODATwins) database, and included 68,494 SS and 53,808 OS dizygotic twin individuals above the age of 20 years from 31 twin cohorts representing 19 countries...
2017: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453575/genome-wide-association-study-of-red-blood-cell-traits-in-hispanics-latinos-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#19
Chani J Hodonsky, Deepti Jain, Ursula M Schick, Jean V Morrison, Lisa Brown, Caitlin P McHugh, Claudia Schurmann, Diane D Chen, Yong Mei Liu, Paul L Auer, Cecilia A Laurie, Kent D Taylor, Brian L Browning, Yun Li, George Papanicolaou, Jerome I Rotter, Ryo Kurita, Yukio Nakamura, Sharon R Browning, Ruth J F Loos, Kari E North, Cathy C Laurie, Timothy A Thornton, Nathan Pankratz, Daniel E Bauer, Tamar Sofer, Alex P Reiner
Prior GWAS have identified loci associated with red blood cell (RBC) traits in populations of European, African, and Asian ancestry. These studies have not included individuals with an Amerindian ancestral background, such as Hispanics/Latinos, nor evaluated the full spectrum of genomic variation beyond single nucleotide variants. Using a custom genotyping array enriched for Amerindian ancestral content and 1000 Genomes imputation, we performed GWAS in 12,502 participants of Hispanic Community Health Study and Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) for hematocrit, hemoglobin, RBC count, RBC distribution width (RDW), and RBC indices...
April 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452372/1000-genomes-based-meta-analysis-identifies-10-novel-loci-for-kidney-function
#20
Mathias Gorski, Peter J van der Most, Alexander Teumer, Audrey Y Chu, Man Li, Vladan Mijatovic, Ilja M Nolte, Massimiliano Cocca, Daniel Taliun, Felicia Gomez, Yong Li, Bamidele Tayo, Adrienne Tin, Mary F Feitosa, Thor Aspelund, John Attia, Reiner Biffar, Murielle Bochud, Eric Boerwinkle, Ingrid Borecki, Erwin P Bottinger, Ming-Huei Chen, Vincent Chouraki, Marina Ciullo, Josef Coresh, Marilyn C Cornelis, Gary C Curhan, Adamo Pio d'Adamo, Abbas Dehghan, Laura Dengler, Jingzhong Ding, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Karlhans Endlich, Stefan Enroth, Tõnu Esko, Oscar H Franco, Paolo Gasparini, Christian Gieger, Giorgia Girotto, Omri Gottesman, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ulf Gyllensten, Stephen J Hancock, Tamara B Harris, Catherine Helmer, Simon Höllerer, Edith Hofer, Albert Hofman, Elizabeth G Holliday, Georg Homuth, Frank B Hu, Cornelia Huth, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Shih-Jen Hwang, Medea Imboden, Åsa Johansson, Mika Kähönen, Wolfgang König, Holly Kramer, Bernhard K Krämer, Ashish Kumar, Zoltan Kutalik, Jean-Charles Lambert, Lenore J Launer, Terho Lehtimäki, Martin H de Borst, Gerjan Navis, Morris Swertz, Yongmei Liu, Kurt Lohman, Ruth J F Loos, Yingchang Lu, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Mark A McEvoy, Christa Meisinger, Thomas Meitinger, Andres Metspalu, Marie Metzger, Evelin Mihailov, Paul Mitchell, Matthias Nauck, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Brenda Wjh Penninx, Giorgio Pistis, Peter P Pramstaller, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Olli T Raitakari, Rainer Rettig, Paul M Ridker, Fernando Rivadeneira, Antonietta Robino, Sylvia E Rosas, Douglas Ruderfer, Daniela Ruggiero, Yasaman Saba, Cinzia Sala, Helena Schmidt, Reinhold Schmidt, Rodney J Scott, Sanaz Sedaghat, Albert V Smith, Rossella Sorice, Benedicte Stengel, Sylvia Stracke, Konstantin Strauch, Daniela Toniolo, Andre G Uitterlinden, Sheila Ulivi, Jorma S Viikari, Uwe Völker, Peter Vollenweider, Henry Völzke, Dragana Vuckovic, Melanie Waldenberger, Jie Jin Wang, Qiong Yang, Daniel I Chasman, Gerard Tromp, Harold Snieder, Iris M Heid, Caroline S Fox, Anna Köttgen, Cristian Pattaro, Carsten A Böger, Christian Fuchsberger
HapMap imputed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed >50 loci at which common variants with minor allele frequency >5% are associated with kidney function. GWAS using more complete reference sets for imputation, such as those from The 1000 Genomes project, promise to identify novel loci that have been missed by previous efforts. To investigate the value of such a more complete variant catalog, we conducted a GWAS meta-analysis of kidney function based on the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in 110,517 European ancestry participants using 1000 Genomes imputed data...
April 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
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