keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PGY

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533078/simulation-of-carotid-artery-stenting-reduces-training-procedure-and-fluoroscopy-times
#1
Andre F Gosling, Daniel E Kendrick, Ann H Kim, Anil Nagavalli, Ethan S Kimball, Nathaniel T Liu, Vikram S Kashyap, John C Wang
OBJECTIVE: Outcomes from carotid artery stenting (CAS) are related to experience and technical expertise of the operator. Simulation of CAS may enhance clinical proficiency. We interrogated the impact of endovascular simulation of CAS procedures in operators who are at various stages of training. METHODS: Twelve trainees (students [n = 4]; junior surgery residents, postgraduate year [PGY] 1-3 [n = 4]; and senior surgery residents or fellows, PGY 4-7 [n = 4]) were apprised of characteristics of an endovascular simulator and CAS procedures...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532970/improving-resident-familiarity-with-the-translabyrinthine-approach-to-the-internal-auditory-canal
#2
Matthew M Dedmon, Brendan P O'Connell, Austin S Adams, George B Wanna, David S Haynes
OBJECTIVE: To increase otolaryngology resident experience with drilling and dissection of the internal auditory canal (IAC) via a translabyrinthine approach. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot study involving temporal bone education and drilling with completion of pre- and post-drilling surveys. METHODS: Participants observed an educational presentation on IAC anatomy and drilling, followed by manipulation of IAC nerves using a prosected cadaveric temporal bone...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529195/rapid-web-based-platform-for-assessment-of-orthopedic-surgery-patient-care-milestones-a-2-year-validation
#3
Kenneth R Gundle, Dayne T Mickelson, Arien Cherones, Jason Black, Doug P Hanel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity, feasibility, and responsiveness of a new web-based platform for rapid milestone-based evaluations of orthopedic surgery residents. SETTING: Single academic medical center, including a trauma center and pediatrics tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty residents (PG1-5) in an orthopedic residency program and their faculty evaluators. METHODS: Residents and faculty were trained and supported in the use of a novel trainee-initiated web-based evaluation system...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526918/effect-of-problem-and-scripting-based-learning-on-spine-surgical-trainees-learning-outcomes
#4
Lin Cong, Qi Yan, Chenjing Sun, Yue Zhu, Guanjun Tu
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of problem and scripting-based learning (PSBL) on spine surgical trainees' learning outcomes. METHODS: 30 spine surgery postgraduate-year-1 residents (PGY-1s) from the First Hospital of China Medical University were randomly divided into two groups. The first group studied spine surgical skills and developed individual judgment under a conventional didactic model, whereas the PSBL group used PBL and Scripted model. A feedback questionnaire and the satisfaction of residents were evaluated by the first assistant surgeon immediately following each procedure...
May 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526619/construct-validity-of-a-simple-laparoscopic-ovarian-cystectomy-model-using-a-validated-objective-structured-assessment-of-technical-skills
#5
Elizabeth Britton Chahine, Chan Hee Han, Tamika Auguste
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the construct validity and inter-rater reliability of a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy simulator using a global rating scale. DESIGN: Prospective blinded observational study. DESIGN: Classification: II.3 SETTING: Academic teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 26 postgraduate year 1 - 4 gynecology and obstetrics residents were recruited. (15 junior residents, postgraduate year (PGY) 1 - 2 and 11 senior residents, PGY 3 - 4)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506377/beyond-the-pgy-1-community-pharmacy-residency-characterizing-career-pathways-of-residency-graduates
#6
Monet M Stanford, Sarah M Oprinovich, Margie E Snyder
OBJECTIVE: To characterize positions obtained upon graduation from Community Pharmacy Residency Programs (CPRPs). DESIGN: Descriptive nonexperimental study; online cross-sectional survey. SETTING: United States, February to April 2016. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-three community pharmacy residency program alumni. INTERVENTION: CPRP alumni identified by past program directors were surveyed using 3 contact attempts...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497983/promoting-responsible-electronic-documentation-validity-evidence-for-a-checklist-to-assess-progress-notes-in-the-electronic-health-record
#7
Jennifer A Bierman, Kathryn Kinner Hufmeyer, David T Liss, A Charlotta Weaver, Heather L Heiman
Construct: We aimed to develop an instrument to measure the quality of inpatient electronic health record- (EHR-) generated progress notes without requiring raters to review the detailed chart or know the patient. BACKGROUND: Notes written in EHRs have generated criticism for being unnecessarily long and redundant, perpetuating inaccuracy and obscuring providers' clinical reasoning. Available assessment tools either focus on outpatient progress notes or require chart review by raters to develop familiarity with the patient...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497416/internal-medicine-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-consensus-recommendations-from-the-canadian-internal-medicine-ultrasound-cimus-group
#8
Irene W Y Ma, Shane Arishenkoff, Jeffrey Wiseman, Janeve Desy, Jonathan Ailon, Leslie Martin, Mirek Otremba, Samantha Halman, Patrick Willemot, Marcus Blouw
Bedside point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is increasingly used to assess medical patients. At present, no consensus exists for what POCUS curriculum is appropriate for internal medicine residency training programs. This document details the consensus-based recommendations by the Canadian Internal Medicine Ultrasound (CIMUS) group, comprising 39 members, representing 14 institutions across Canada. Guiding principles for selecting curricular content were determined a priori. Consensus was defined as agreement by at least 80% of the members on POCUS applications deemed appropriate for teaching and assessment of trainees in the core (internal medicine postgraduate years [PGY] 1-3) and expanded (general internal medicine PGY 4-5) training programs...
May 11, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489681/temporal-stress-in-the-operating-room-brain-engagement-promotes-coping-and-disengagement-prompts-choking
#9
Hemel N Modi, Harsimrat Singh, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, Thanos Athanasiou, Francesca Fiorentino, Guang-Zhong Yang, Ara Darzi, Daniel R Leff
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of time pressure (TP) on prefrontal activation and technical performance in surgical residents during a laparoscopic suturing task. BACKGROUND: Neural mechanisms enabling surgeons to maintain performance and cope with operative stressors are unclear. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is implicated due to its role in attention, concentration, and performance monitoring. METHODS: A total of 33 residents [Postgraduate Year (PGY)1-2 = 15, PGY3-4 = 8, and PGY5 = 10] performed a laparoscopic suturing task under "self-paced" (SP) and "TP" conditions (TP = maximum 2 minutes per knot)...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464172/initial-experience-of-a-primary-urgent-care-clinic-curriculum-and-subspecialty-lectureship-series-implementation-in-a-los-angeles-county-hospital
#10
Harsh Agrawal, Anna Martinez, Elizabeth R Volkmann, Oleg Melamed, Soma Wali
OBJECTIVES: Urgent care clinics are extremely busy in the University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) County hospital system. We determined that residents and medical students in the internal medicine residency program who are rotating through these clinics did not receive enough teaching during their rotation. We decided to create and implement an urgent care curriculum and lectures to help achieve structure for the rotation. The goal of this series was to educate and assist residents in the primary care setting to comfortably manage subspecialty conditions, help reduce the already-overwhelmed county subspecialty referral system, and promote learning...
May 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439354/residents-procedural-experience-does-not-ensure-competence-a-research-synthesis
#11
Jeffrey H Barsuk, Elaine R Cohen, Joe Feinglass, William C McGaghie, Diane B Wayne
BACKGROUND: Many medical certifying bodies require that a minimum number of clinical procedures be completed during residency training to obtain board eligibility. However, little is known about the relationship between the number of procedures residents perform and their clinical competence. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated associations between residents' medical procedure skills measured in a simulation laboratory and self-reported procedure experience and year of training...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431420/generative-retrieval-improves-learning-and-retention-of-cardiac-anatomy-using-transesophageal-echocardiography
#12
Amanda M Kleiman, Katherine T Forkin, Allison J Bechtel, Stephen R Collins, Jennie Z Ma, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a valuable monitor for patients undergoing cardiac and noncardiac surgery as it allows for evaluation of cardiovascular compromise in the perioperative period. It is challenging for anesthesiology residents and medical students to learn to use and interpret TEE in the clinical environment. A critical component of learning to use and interpret TEE is a strong grasp of normal cardiovascular ultrasound anatomy. METHODS: Fifteen fourth-year medical students and 15 post-graduate year (PGY) 1 and 2 anesthesiology residents without prior training in cardiac anesthesia or TEE viewed normal cardiovascular anatomy TEE video clips; participants were randomized to learning cardiac anatomy in generative retrieval (GR) and standard practice (SP) groups...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419618/correspondence-response-to-letter-to-the-editor-ultrasound-assisted-lumbar-puncture-on-infants-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#13
Michael Gorn
We would like to thank our reader for his/her interest in our work and continuing support of point-of-care ultrasound in pediatric emergency medicine. Our study was conducted at a large academic emergency department with pediatrics and emergency medicine residents, nurse practitioners who function at or above the level of a senior resident (PGY-3 and 4), and pediatric emergency fellows who function as attending physicians. As a routine, all initial lumbar puncture (LP) attempts are made by learners. This article is protected by copyright...
April 17, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408272/successful-management-of-a-neck-hematoma-following-simulation-training
#14
Marie-Ève Bélanger, Issam Tanoubi, Mihai Georgescu, Roger Perron, Arnaud Robitaille, Marie-Pierre Charron, Pierre Drolet
Simulation-based education is gaining widespread acceptance in many medical specialties as an effective method to teach technical and non-technical skills. The ultimate goal of simulation is to improve health care and patient safety. Boet et al. [1] published a review on simulation-based crisis resources management (CRM) teaching, looking for evidence that it can lead to improved workplace practices and patient safety. Amongst hundreds of studies pertaining to CRM, he found only nine that were relevant, and only one that showed reduced mortality...
April 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403004/the-hidden-value-of-narrative-comments-for-assessment-a-quantitative-reliability-analysis-of-qualitative-data
#15
Shiphra Ginsburg, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Kevin W Eva
PURPOSE: In-training evaluation reports (ITERs) are ubiquitous in internal medicine (IM) residency. Written comments can provide a rich data source, yet are often overlooked. This study determined the reliability of using variable amounts of commentary to discriminate between residents. METHOD: ITER comments from two cohorts of PGY-1s in IM at the University of Toronto (graduating 2010 and 2011; n = 46-48) were put into sets containing 15 to 16 residents. Parallel sets were created: one with comments from the full year and one with comments from only the first three assessments...
April 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378619/analysis-of-pgy-1-pharmacy-resident-candidate-letters-of-recommendation-at-an-academically-affiliated-residency-program
#16
Milena M McLaughlin, Dalila Masic, Jacob P Gettig
BACKGROUND: Letters of recommendation (LORs) are a critical component for differentiating among similarly qualified pharmacy residency candidates. These letters contain information that is difficult to ascertain from curricula vitae and pharmacy school transcripts. LOR writers may use any words or phrases appropriate for each candidate as there is no set framework for LORs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize descriptive themes in postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) pharmacy residency candidates' LORs and to examine which themes of PGY-1 pharmacy residency candidates' LORs are predictive of an interview invitation at an academically affiliated residency program...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378154/plant-derived-phosphocholine-facilitates-cellular-uptake-of-anti-pulmonary-fibrotic-hjt-srna-m7
#17
Jianchao Du, Zhu Liang, Jiantao Xu, Yan Zhao, Xiaoyun Li, Yanli Zhang, Dandan Zhao, Ruxuan Chen, Yang Liu, Trupti Joshi, Jiahui Chang, Zhiqing Wang, Yanxu Zhang, Jindong Zhu, Qiang Liu, Dong Xu, Chengyu Jiang
Pulmonary fibrosis, a progressive chronic disease with a high mortality rate, has limited treatment options. Currently, lung transplantation remains the only effective treatment. Here we report that a small RNA, HJT-sRNA-m7, from a Chinese herbal medicine Hong Jing Tian (HJT, Rhodiola crenulata can effectively reduce the expressions of fibrotic hallmark genes and proteins both in alveolar in vitro and in mouse lung tissues in vivo. We also discovered over one hundred oil-soluble chemicals from HJT decoctions, most of which are found in lipid extracts from other Chinese herbals decoctions, including Pu Gong Ying (PGY, Taraxacum mongolicum), Chuan Xin Lian (CXL, Andrographis paniculata), and Jin Yin Hua (JYH, lonicera japonica or Honeysuckle)...
March 31, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376020/head-camera-video-recordings-of-trauma-core-competency-procedures-can-evaluate-surgical-resident-s-technical-performance-as-well-as-co-located-evaluators
#18
Colin F Mackenzie, Jason Pasley, Evan Garofalo, Stacy Shackelford, Hegang Chen, Nyaradzo Longinaker, Guinevere Granite, Kristy Pugh, George Hagegeorge, Samuel A Tisherman
BACKGROUND: Unbiased evaluation of trauma core competency procedures is necessary to determine if residency and pre-deployment training courses are useful. We tested whether a previously validated Individual Procedure Score (IPS) for individual procedure vascular exposure and fasciotomy (FAS) performance skills, could discriminate training status, by comparing IPS of evaluators co-located with surgeons to blind video evaluations. METHODS: Performance of axillary (AA), brachial (BA) and femoral artery (FA) vascular exposures and lower extremity FAS on fresh cadavers by 40 PGY 2-6 residents was video recorded from head- mounted cameras...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374350/teaching-the-basics-development-and-validation-of-a-distal-radius-reduction-and-casting-model
#19
Mark A Seeley, Peter D Fabricant, J Todd R Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of reduced pediatric distal radius fractures redisplace, resulting in further treatment. Two major modifiable risk factors for loss of reduction are reduction adequacy and cast quality. Closed reduction and immobilization of distal radius fractures is an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education residency milestone. Teaching and assessing competency could be improved with a life-like simulation training tool. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Our goal was to develop and validate a realistic distal radius fracture reduction and casting simulator as determined by (1) a questionnaire regarding the "realism" of the model and (2) the quantitative assessments of reduction time, residual angulation, and displacement...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373078/objective-measurement-of-clinical-competency-in-surgical-education-using-electrodermal-activity
#20
Jacob A Quick, Alex D Bukoski, Jennifer Doty, Bethany J Bennett, Megan Crane, Stephen L Barnes
OBJECTIVE: Within the realm of surgical education, there is a need for objective means to determine surgical competence and resident readiness to operate independently. We propose a novel, objective method of assessing resident confidence and clinical competence based on measurement of electrodermal activity (EDA) during live surgical procedures. We hypothesized that with progressive training, EDA responses to the stress of performing surgery would exhibit decline, elucidating an objective correlate of clinical competence...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
keyword
keyword
9326
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"