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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684835/objectively-measured-interprofessional-education-outcome-and-factors-that-enhance-program-effectiveness-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
R Riskiyana, M Claramita, G R Rahayu
Several studies have been conducted to evaluate the implementation of interprofessional education (IPE) across the globe. By looking at the timeline of each previous study, it can be inferred that the implementation of IPE has been improving continuously. However, the effectiveness of IPE still cannot be easily generalized due to misconceptions regarding how interprofessional collaboration capabilities should be evaluated. This study aims to generalize the learning outcomes that were produced by IPE in a global context and analyse the contributing factors...
April 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683748/fit-for-purpose-evaluation-of-cpd-courses-for-nurses-in-an-irish-university-teaching-hospital
#2
Mary Ryder, Freda Browne, Cáit Galvin, Orla Leonard, Jody O'Reilly
INTRODUCTION: acute tertiary hospitals require knowledgeable, skilled registered nurses to care for patients in specialist areas. It is also a professional responsibility that nurses maintain skills and competence. This article reports on stage 1 of an action research study to evaluate the delivery of continuing professional development (CPD) courses for registered nurses in an acute hospital in Ireland. METHODS: an audit and qualitative self-reporting questionnaire was used to obtain data...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676524/sonogames-effect-of-an-innovative-competitive-game-on-the-education-perception-and-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound
#3
Andrew S Liteplo, Kristin Carmody, Matt J Fields, Rachel B Liu, Resa E Lewiss
OBJECTIVES: Gamification is a powerful tool in medical education. SonoGames is a competitive games-based event designed to educate and inspire emergency medicine (EM) residents about point-of-care ultrasound. We sought to describe: (1) the perceived effectiveness of a competitive event on both immediate learning and long-term education; and (2) the resultant attitudes of participants and program directors regarding ultrasound training. METHODS: The SonoGames Organizational Committee designed 2 surveys: 1 for SonoGames V EM resident participants and a second for EM program directors...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674110/resident-specific-morbidity-reduced-following-acs-nsqip-data-driven-quality-program
#4
Florence E Turrentine, John B Hanks, Megan C Tracci, R Scott Jones, Bruce D Schirmer, Philip W Smith
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Milestone Project for general surgery provided a more robust method for developing and tracking residents' competence. This framework enhanced systematic and progressive development of residents' competencies in surgical quality improvement. STUDY DESIGN: A 22-month interactive, educational program based on resident-specific surgical outcomes data culminated in a quality improvement project for postgraduate year 4 surgery residents...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668899/how-uterine-microbiota-might-be-responsible-for-a-receptive-fertile-endometrium
#5
Marilen Benner, Gerben Ferwerda, Irma Joosten, Renate G van der Molen
BACKGROUND: Fertility depends on a receptive state of the endometrium, influenced by hormonal and anatomical adaptations, as well as the immune system. Local and systemic immunity is greatly influenced by microbiota. Recent discoveries of 16S rRNA in the endometrium and the ability to detect low-biomass microbiota fueled the notion that the uterus may be indeed a non-sterile compartment. To date, the concept of the 'sterile womb' focuses on in utero effects of microbiota on offspring and neonatal immunity...
April 16, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663276/interprofessional-educator-development-build-it-and-they-will-come
#6
Lily C Pien, Michaela Stiber, Allison Prelosky, Colleen Y Colbert
BACKGROUND: We describe an interprofessional educator development program, designed intentionally, that was implemented at an academic healthcare centre. In 2014, we purposefully adapted our pre-existing educator development program to be able to include all interprofessional educators at our institution. The program's goals were to enhance educator skills, a common need due to requirements of accreditation, and to create a local interprofessional community of teachers. The framework of the program was based upon adult learning principles, reflective practice, experiential learning and peer groups, all key characteristics of faculty development programs...
April 16, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660575/development-and-implementation-of-a-competency-based-clinical-evaluation-tool-for-midwifery-education
#7
Kate Woeber
BACKGROUND: The learning goals and evaluation strategies of competency-based midwifery programs must be explicit and well-defined. In the US, didactic learning is evaluated through a standardized certification examination, but standardized clinical competence evaluation is lacking. DESCRIPTION OF THE TOOL: The Midwifery Competency Assessment Tool (MCAT) has been adapted from the International Confederation of Midwives' (ICM) "Essential Competencies" and from the American College of Nurse-Midwives' (ACNM) "Core Competencies", with student self-evaluation based on Benner's Novice-to-Expert theory...
March 22, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659009/state-of-the-science-interprofessional-approaches-to-aging-dementia-and-mental-health
#8
Timothy W Farrell, Marilyn K Luptak, Katherine P Supiano, James T Pacala, Rosalind De Lisser
Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential to develop the healthcare workforce of the future. Geriatrics healthcare professionals have long championed innovations in IPE and patient care, but there is increased urgency to address challenges in aging, dementia, and geriatric mental health in America. In 2010, the Partnership for Health in Aging multidisciplinary competencies and a related position statement in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society addressed interdisciplinary team (IDT) training in geriatrics...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658785/smartphone-use-and-schema-based-learning-in-dento-maxillofacial-radiology-practice-a-case-report-from-one-college-of-dentistry
#9
Young-A Ji, You Mee Lee, Hyun-Dae Lim, Won-Jong Park, Ji Hye Jung, Je-Woo Lee, Byung Do Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the students' satisfaction and awareness of competency towards smartphone use and schema based learning in dental radiology practice. METHODS: Third-year students undertaking a dental radiology practicum at a dental school were divided into two groups: one group received traditional clinical training, whereas the other group used smartphones in classes and received new training using schema assignments. At the end of the course, students' satisfaction with the training and self-awareness of their competency were surveyed, and their achievement was assessed...
April 16, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656997/veterinary-parasitology-teaching-at-london-meeting-the-day-one-competency-needs-of-new-veterinarians
#10
Mark Fox, Damer Blake, Dennis Jacobs
Over the past four decades, there has been an exponential increase in veterinary parasitology knowledge, coinciding with the advent of molecular biology in research. Therefore, it is unrealistic for teachers to expect students to graduate with an encyclopaedic knowledge of the subject. As a result, a new curriculum was introduced at The Royal Veterinary College (University of London) in 2007, designed to meet the needs of our new graduates, i.e. RCVS Day-One Competences. The aims of this curriculum are, inter alia, to ensure that new graduates have an up-to-date body of core knowledge and are able to apply such knowledge and newly-acquired information to scientific and clinical problem-solving...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655689/european-regulation-model-for-herbal-medicine-the-assessment-of-the-eu-monograph-and-the-safety-and-efficacy-evaluation-in-marketing-authorization-or-registration-in-member-states
#11
Liping Qu, Wenjun Zou, YiTao Wang, Mei Wang
BACKGROUND: The European Union (EU) has created a regulatory framework for herbal medicinal products (HMPs) since the enforcement of Directive 2004/24/EC. Substantial achievements have been made, with 1719 traditional use marketing registrations (TURs) and 859 well-established use marketing authorizations (WEU-MAs) for HMPs granted by the end of 2016. Apparently, the European regulation model has worked out well and in that the essential feature is the use of EU herbal monographs into those granted WEU-MAs and TURs...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652838/super-resolution-for-jilin-1-satellite-video-imagery-via-a-convolutional-network
#12
Aoran Xiao, Zhongyuan Wang, Lei Wang, Yexian Ren
Super-resolution for satellite video attaches much significance to earth observation accuracy, and the special imaging and transmission conditions on the video satellite pose great challenges to this task. The existing deep convolutional neural-network-based methods require pre-processing or post-processing to be adapted to a high-resolution size or pixel format, leading to reduced performance and extra complexity. To this end, this paper proposes a five-layer end-to-end network structure without any pre-processing and post-processing, but imposes a reshape or deconvolution layer at the end of the network to retain the distribution of ground objects within the image...
April 13, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652562/serious-gaming-a-tool-to-educate-health-care-providers-about-domestic-violence
#13
Robin Mason, Linda Turner
Due to the adverse health effects, victims of domestic violence are frequently seen in the health care system. Yet, health care providers may lack the training to assist them. Online curricula can be an effective instructional tool. Our competency-based, serious video game, Responding to Domestic Violence in Clinical Settings, was designed to address health care providers' knowledge gaps through 17 modules, each a half hour in length. Nearly 9,000 participants completed at least one module; nursing students completed the most modules, approximately five hours of instruction...
April 13, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650483/solid-cystic-and-tubular-novice-ultrasound-skills-training-using-a-versatile-affordable-practice-model
#14
Shruti Sevak, Benjamin Lurvey, Ashley A Woodfin, Zachary Hothem, Rose E Callahan, James Robbins, Kathryn Ziegler
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the recognized benefits of ultrasound, many physicians have little experience with using ultrasound to perform procedures. Many medical schools and residency programs lack a formal ultrasound training curriculum. We describe an affordable ultrasound training curriculum and versatile, inexpensive practice model. DESIGN: Participants underwent a didactic session to teach the theory required to perform ultrasound-guided procedures. Motor skills were taught using a practice model incorporating analogs of common anatomic and pathologic structures into an opacified gelatin substrate...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650195/student-perception-of-interprofessional-education-application-at-the-health-sciences-university-of-sumatera-utara
#15
Dedi Ardinata, Evi Karota Bukit, Diah Arruum
OBJECTIVE: Interprofessional education (IPE) includes collaborative interprofessional learning activities involving students and lecturers from the health sciences faculties at the University of Sumatera Utara. This descriptive study aimed to explore the students' perceptions of the application of the IPE program. METHOD: Descriptive study was conducted and one hundred sixty students were selected from four faculties including the faculties of medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and public health...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644383/optimizing-resident-operative-self-confidence-through-competency-based-surgical-education-modules-are-we-there-yet
#16
Roxana Geoffrion, Nicole A Koenig, May S Sanaee, Terry Lee, Nicole J Todd
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Self-confidence is the belief in one's ability to perform and can be enhanced by training. Surgical education should aim to optimize trainee confidence. We designed three procedure-specific competency-based modules to teach vaginal hysterectomy (VH), anterior (AR) and posterior repair (PR) to novice gynecology residents. We hypothesized each module would improve self-confidence and satisfaction during index procedure performance in the operating room. METHODS: This was an ancillary analysis of a larger randomized-controlled trial of gynecologic educational interventions...
April 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625615/to-fill-or-not-to-fill-a-qualitative-cross-country-study-on-dentists-decisions-in-managing-non-cavitated-proximal-caries-lesions
#17
F Schwendicke, L A Foster Page, L A Smith, M Fontana, W M Thomson, S R Baker
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify barriers and enablers for dentists managing non-cavitated proximal caries lesions using non- or micro-invasive (NI/MI) approaches rather than invasive and restorative methods in New Zealand, Germany and the USA. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted, focusing on non-cavitated proximal caries lesions (radiographically confined to enamel or the outer dentine). Twelve dentists from New Zealand, 12 from Germany and 20 from the state of Michigan (USA) were interviewed...
April 6, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624141/management-simulations-for-lean-healthcare-exploiting-the-potentials-of-role-playing
#18
Federico Barnabè, Maria Cleofe Giorgino, Jacopo Guercini, Caterina Bianciardi, Vincenzo Mezzatesta
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the potentials of role-playing (RP) both in training healthcare (HC) professionals to implement tools and improvement actions based on Lean principles, and in supporting group discussion and the sharing of different competencies for the development of Lean HC. Design/methodology/approach The paper presents the case study of an RP simulation called LEAN HEALTHCARE LAB, which is used to train HC professionals at Siena University Hospital. The paper reports and discusses the results of a specific two-day simulation session and of a questionnaire that was distributed to gather feedback from the participants...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622313/the-american-association-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons-simulation-program
#19
REVIEW
David W Todd, John J Schaefer
Patient safety in dental anesthesia has been called into question in recent years. Simulation training has been proposed and developed as one possibility for increasing preparedness and training in cases of adverse events in dental anesthesia. This article presents an overview of the challenges of patient safety in dental anesthesia and how to address them with simulation training. The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons simulation program is unique in its potential to become a standardized, validated competency course with objective grading criteria, mastery-based cooperative learning model, and low facilitator-to-participant ratio, leading to a practical delivery cost structure...
May 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621892/competence-enhancement-program-of-expressive-arts-in-end-of-life-care-for-health-and-social-care-professionals-a-mixed-method-evaluation
#20
J K M Nan, Bobo Hi-Po Lau, M M L Szeto, K K F Lam, J C N Man, C L W Chan
In the recent decades, expressive arts (EXA) has been used in end-of-life care (EOLC) for facilitating the quality of life of the patients and the caregivers. However, it may not be practical for every EOLC service to dispense EXA activities solely by extensively trained art therapy specialists. There is currently a lack of brief training for nonart therapists, which may have stifled the application of the techniques in clinical settings. The current study therefore described and evaluated the effectiveness of a 2-day EXA training workshop in enhancing practice, knowledge, and self-competence among health and social care professionals working in EOLC using a mixed-method approach...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
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