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competency based learning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241259/-competence-based-catalogue-of-learning-objectives-for-rehabilitation-physical-medicine-naturopathic-treatment-revised-version-joint-recommendations-of-the-german-society-of-rehabilitation-science-and-the-german-society-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation
#1
Wilfried Mau, Max Emanuel Liebl, Ruth Deck, Uwe Lange, Ulrich Christian Smolenski, Susanne Walter, Christoph Gutenbrunner
Since the first publication of learning objectives for the interdisciplinary subject "Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine, Naturopathic Treatment" in undergraduate medical education in 2004 a revision is reasonable due to heterogenous teaching programmes in the faculties and the introduction of the National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives in Medicine as well as the "Masterplan Medical Education 2020". Therefore the German Society of Rehabilitation Science and the German Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation started a structured consensus process using the DELPHI-method to reduce the learning objectives and arrange them more clearly...
December 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239085/developing-educators-of-european-undergraduate-dental-students-towards-an-agreed-curriculum
#2
S Chuenjitwongsa, R G Oliver, A D Bullock
INTRODUCTION: Recent developments in European dental education are student-focused, concerned with competency-based and problem-based learning. The development of dental educators has so far received little consideration. This study aimed to agree curriculum content for developing dental educators so that they are better able to support changing undergraduate dental education. METHODS: Adopting consensus methodology, a 2-round Delphi was conducted in 2012. Fifty-three dental educators and 39 dental students across Europe volunteered to take part...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238496/lifelong-learning-strategies-in-nursing-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Mojtaba Qanbari Qalehsari, Morteza Khaghanizadeh, Abbas Ebadi
Background: Lifelong learning is an expectation in the professional performance of nurses, which is directly related to the success of students in nursing schools. In spite of the considerable attention paid to this issue, lifelong learning strategies are not fully understood. Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify lifelong learning strategies of nursing students with respect to international experience. Methods: In this systematic review, an extensive investigation was carried out using Persian and English studies in Pub Med, ProQuest, Cochrane, Ovid, Scopus, Web of Science, SID, and Iran Doc using the following keywords: lifelong learning, self-directed learning, lifelong learning model, continuing education, nursing education, and lifelong program...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233444/assessing-a-traditional-case-based-application-exercise-and-a-student-question-creation-exercise-on-student-performance-and-perceptions
#4
Amulya Tatachar, Carol Kominski
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To compare the impact of a traditional case-based application exercise with a student question creation exercise on a) student exam performance, b) student perceptions of enjoyment, competence, understanding, effort, interest in continuing participation, and interest in the subject. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Subjects were 84 second-year pharmacy students in a pharmacotherapy course. The research focus was active learning involving the topic of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233415/development-and-evaluation-of-an-intermediate-level-elective-course-on-medical-spanish-for-pharmacy-students
#5
Robert Mueller
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Spanish-speaking population in the United States is increasing rapidly, and there is a need for additional educational efforts, beyond teaching basic medical Spanish terminology, to increase the number of Spanish-speaking pharmacists able to provide culturally appropriate care to this patient population. This article describes the development and evaluation of an intermediate-level elective course where students integrated pharmacy practice skills with Spanish-language skills and cultural competency...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233414/teaching-drug-utilization-review-skills-via-a-simulated-clinical-decision-making-exercise
#6
Cortney M Mospan, Katelyn M Alexander
BACKGROUND: Drug utilization review (DUR) is a central role of the pharmacist, especially within the community pharmacy setting. Previous literature has shown risk of "alert fatigue", supporting the necessity of pharmacists to utilize a step-wise approach in evaluation of drug therapy during the verification process. Many students are intimidated by this process, and may lack verification practice or experience until their first day as a licensed pharmacist. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: An innovative skills-based laboratory exercise was developed for third-year pharmacy students to develop DUR skills...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233378/a-team-based-interprofessional-education-course-for-first-year-health-professions-students
#7
Michael J Peeters, Martha Sexton, Alexia E Metz, Carol S Hasbrouck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Interprofessional education (IPE) is required within pharmacy education, and should include classroom-based education along with experiential interprofessional collaboration. For classroom-based education, small-group learning environments may create a better platform for engaging students in the essential domain of interprofessional collaboration towards meaningful learning within IPE sub-domains (interprofessional communication, teams and teamwork, roles and responsibilities, and values and ethics)...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233319/student-perceptions-of-digital-badges-in-a-drug-information-and-literature-evaluation-course
#8
Jay R Fajiculay, Bhavini T Parikh, Casey V Wright, Amy Heck Sheehan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe student perceptions of implementation of digital badges in a drug information and literature evaluation course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Two digital badges were developed as voluntary learning opportunities. Student perceptions were obtained through pre- and post-survey instruments consisting of selected questions from the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. FINDINGS: The response rate was 69% (106/153)...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233311/development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-service-learning-series-for-pharmacy-students-using-a-public-health-tool
#9
Katura C Bullock
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe the utility of the Assessment, Development, Assurance: Pharmacist's Tool (ADAPT) during the design, delivery, and assessment of service-learning events by pharmacy students. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The ADAPT instrument was used to develop a series of five service-learning events that featured a health promotion program delivered by 19 pharmacy students and attended by over 200 senior citizens at local senior centers...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233149/advances-in-clinical-pharmacy-education-in-germany-a-quasi-experimental-single-blinded-study-to-evaluate-a-patient-centred-clinical-pharmacy-course-in-psychiatry
#10
Monika Dircks, Andreas Mayr, Annette Freidank, Johannes Kornhuber, Frank Dörje, Kristina Friedland
BACKGROUND: The pharmacy profession has shifted towards patient-centred care. To meet the new challenges it is necessary to provide students with clinical competencies. A quasi-experimental single-blinded teaching and learning study was carried out using a parallel-group design to evaluate systematically the benefits of clinical teaching in pharmacy education in Germany. METHODS: A clinical pharmacy course on a psychiatric ward was developed and implemented for small student groups...
December 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230916/the-relationship-between-emotional-experience-with-dyslexia-and-work-self-efficacy-among-adults-with-dyslexia
#11
Blace A Nalavany, Julie M Logan, Lena W Carawan
This study responds to a call for more research on working adults with dyslexia investigating how employment-related factors affect and relate to one another. Two important work-related factors are self-efficacy and emotional experience with dyslexia. Work self-efficacy is viewed one of the most vital intrapersonal capacities in the work environment. It can be viewed as a subjective indicator of work success and is conceptualized as a multidimensional construct. Research speaks to a unique emotional experience stemming from living with an often misunderstood and stereotyped learning difference...
December 12, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230515/-competence-based-assessment-in-the-national-licensing-examination-in-germany
#12
REVIEW
Jana Jünger
In Germany, future physicians have to pass a national licensing examination at the end of their medical studies. Passing this examination is the requirement for the license to practice medicine. The Masterplan Medizinstudium 2020 with its 41 measures aims to shift the paradigm in medical education and medical licensing examinations.The main goals of the Masterplan include the development towards competency-based and practical medical education and examination as well as the strengthening of general medicine...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230320/factors-promoting-and-inhibiting-sustained-impact-of-a-mental-health-task-shifting-program-for-hiv-providers-in-ethiopia
#13
D Jerene, M Biru, A Teklu, T Rehman, A Ruff, L Wissow
Background: Task-shifting mental health into general medical care requires more than brief provider training. Generalists need long-term support to master new skills and changes to work context are required to sustain change in the face of competing priorities. We examined program and context factors promoting sustainability of a mental health task-shifting training for hospital-based HIV providers in Ethiopia. Methods: Convergent mixed-methods quasi-experimental study...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228838/beyond-competency-based-continuing-professional-development
#14
Matthew J Links
Competency based medical education (CBME) has become the default for undergraduate and post-graduate medical education (PGME) but its role in continuing professional development (CPD) is under discussion. Some critical differences between CPD and PGME are identified and these differences applied to: the relative roles of competence and performance; existing criticisms of CBME; heutagogy as a learning theory; and post-modernism as an underlying philosophical perspective. The argument is made that the characteristics of CPD fit with performance based medical education, a heutagogical learning theory, a focus on capabilities, rather than competencies; and a post-modern perspective...
December 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226777/collaborative-controlled-lasso-for-constructing-propensity-score-based-estimators-in-high-dimensional-data
#15
Cheng Ju, Richard Wyss, Jessica M Franklin, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Jenny Häggström, Mark J van der Laan
Propensity score-based estimators are increasingly used for causal inference in observational studies. However, model selection for propensity score estimation in high-dimensional data has received little attention. In these settings, propensity score models have traditionally been selected based on the goodness-of-fit for the treatment mechanism itself, without consideration of the causal parameter of interest. Collaborative minimum loss-based estimation is a novel methodology for causal inference that takes into account information on the causal parameter of interest when selecting a propensity score model...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226237/competency-based-postgraduate-medical-education-past-present-and-future
#16
Olle Ten Cate
Since the turn of the twenty-first century, competency-based medical education (CBME) has become a dominant approach to postgraduate medical education in many countries. CBME has a history dating back half a century and is rooted in general educational approaches such as outcome-based education and mastery learning. Despite controversies around the terminology and the CBME approach, important national medical regulatory bodies in Canada, the United States, and other countries have embraced CBME. CBME can be characterized as having two distinct features: a focus on specific domains of competence, and a relative independence of time in training, making it an individualized approach that is particularly applicable in workplace training...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226235/entrustable-professional-activities-in-post-licensure-training-in-primary-care-pediatrics-necessity-development-and-implementation-of-a-competency-based-post-graduate-curriculum
#17
Folkert Fehr, Christoph Weiß-Becker, Hera Becker, Thomas Opladen
There is an absence of broad-based and binding curricular requirements for structured competency-based post-graduate medical training in Germany, and thus no basis for comparing the competencies of physicians undergoing training in a medical specialty (Ärzte im Weiterbildung). In response, the German Society of Primary Care Pediatrics' working group on post-graduate education (DGAAP) has identified realistic entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in primary care, defined their number, scope and content, selected competency domains, specified required knowledge and skills, and described appropriate assessment methods...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226234/implementation-of-a-clinical-reasoning-course-in-the-internal-medicine-trimester-of-the-final-year-of-undergraduate-medical-training-and-its-effect-on-students-case-presentation-and-differential-diagnostic-skills
#18
Sigrid Harendza, Ingo Krenz, Andreas Klinge, Ulrike Wendt, Matthias Janneck
Background: Clinical reasoning, comprising the processes of clinical thinking, which form the basis of medical decisions, constitutes a central competence in the clinical routine on which diagnostic and therapeutic steps are based. In medical curricula in Germany, clinical reasoning is currently taught explicitly only to a small extend. Therefore, the aim of this project was to develop and implement a clinical reasoning course in the final year of undergraduate medical training. Project description: A clinical reasoning course with six learning units and 18 learning objectives was developed, which was taught by two to four instructors on the basis of 32 paper cases from the clinical practice of the instructors...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226232/connecting-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-through-an-elective-epa-based-transitional-year-in-acute-care-an-early-project-report
#19
Gersten Jonker, Reinier G Hoff, Stefan Max, Cor J Kalkman, Olle Ten Cate
Objective: A well-designed final year may ease the transition from medical school to postgraduate training, if it has enough depth to enable the acquisition of early specialty expertise, while keeping enough breadth to support the graduation as all-round physician. Aim of this article is to describe the design of a multidisciplinary dedicated transitional year (DTY) around the theme of recognition and initial treatment of vitally threatened patients. Methods: Undergraduate and postgraduate training directors from the departments of Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care Medicine and Respiratory Medicine at UMC Utrecht and partnering hospitals have collaboratively developed and implemented a curriculum for a final year focusing on three entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in the domain of acute care...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226226/work-based-assessment-and-co-production-in-postgraduate-medical-training
#20
Eric S Holmboe
Assessment has always been an essential component of postgraduate medical education and for many years focused predominantly on various types of examinations. While examinations of medical knowledge and more recently of clinical skills with standardized patients can assess learner capability in controlled settings and provide a level of assurance for the public, persistent and growing concerns regarding quality of care and patient safety worldwide has raised the importance and need for better work-based assessments...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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