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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899832/development-and-application-of-a-stepwise-assessment-process-for-rational-redesign-of-sequential-skills-based-courses
#1
Casey E Gallimore, Andrea L Porter, Susanne G Barnett
Objective. To develop and apply a stepwise process to assess achievement of course learning objectives related to advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) preparedness and inform redesign of sequential skills-based courses. Design. Four steps comprised the assessment and redesign process: (1) identify skills critical for APPE preparedness; (2) utilize focus groups and course evaluations to determine student competence in skill performance; (3) apply course mapping to identify course deficits contributing to suboptimal skill performance; and (4) initiate course redesign to target exposed deficits...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893242/work-based-learning-a-training-model-for-state-wide-system-changes
#2
Zakia Clay, Nora Barrett, Ann Reilly, Anthony Zazzarino
TOPIC: Despite the substantial amount of money invested in staff training each year, many people trained fail to transfer what they learn to the workplace. We document a training initiative that was implemented to develop and maintain a competent workforce. PURPOSE: A work-based learning (WBL) model was used as a guide to teach the knowledge and skills necessary to effectively deliver psychiatric rehabilitation services. SOURCES USED: This training framework afforded practitioners an opportunity to acquire the critical knowledge and skills to improve the quality of life for individuals living with serious mental illnesses...
December 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889583/development-and-evaluation-of-a-clinical-simulation-for-new-graduate-nurses-a-multi-site-pilot-study
#3
Dukyoo Jung, Soon Hee Lee, Sook Jung Kang, Jung-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: New nursing graduates have revealed that they perceive a gap between theory and practice with reference to their education and the real workplace setting. Additionally, many nurses experience a reality shock when they participate in clinical practice. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the effects of a scenario-based simulation training program on new graduate nurses' competency, critical thinking dispositions, and interpersonal communication skills...
November 18, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886971/the-feasibility-of-real-time-intraoperative-performance-assessment-with-simpl-system-for-improving-and-measuring-procedural-learning-early-experience-from-a-multi-institutional-trial
#4
REVIEW
Jordan D Bohnen, Brian C George, Reed G Williams, Mary C Schuller, Debra A DaRosa, Laura Torbeck, John T Mullen, Shari L Meyerson, Edward D Auyang, Jeffrey G Chipman, Jennifer N Choi, Michael A Choti, Eric D Endean, Eugene F Foley, Samuel P Mandell, Andreas H Meier, Douglas S Smink, Kyla P Terhune, Paul E Wise, Nathaniel J Soper, Joseph B Zwischenberger, Keith D Lillemoe, Gary L Dunnington, Jonathan P Fryer
PURPOSE: Intraoperative performance assessment of residents is of growing interest to trainees, faculty, and accreditors. Current approaches to collect such assessments are limited by low participation rates and long delays between procedure and evaluation. We deployed an innovative, smartphone-based tool, SIMPL (System for Improving and Measuring Procedural Learning), to make real-time intraoperative performance assessment feasible for every case in which surgical trainees participate, and hypothesized that SIMPL could be feasibly integrated into surgical training programs...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882648/culture-and-its-influences-on-dental-education
#5
S Chuenjitwongsa, A Bullock, R G Oliver
INTRODUCTION: Culture is an important factor influencing how students develop learning and how educators provide support to students. The aim of this paper is to explore a concept of national European cultures, and relationships between culture and educational practice with the intention of helping the dental profession gain a better understanding of effective teaching and learning in dentistry. CONTENT: Culture represents the collective behaviours, values and beliefs of people in a society...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882579/learner%C3%A2-%C3%A2-preceptor-ratios-for-practice-based-learning-across-health-disciplines-a-systematic-review
#6
Peter Loewen, Michael Legal, Allison Gamble, Kieran Shah, Stacey Tkachuk, Peter Zed
CONTEXT: Practice-based learning is a cornerstone of developing clinical and professional competence in health disciplines. Practice-based learning systems have many interacting components, but a key facet is the number of learners per preceptor. Different learner : preceptor ratios may have unique benefits and pose unique challenges for participants. This is the first comprehensive systematic review of the topic. Our research questions were: What are the benefits and challenges of each learner : preceptor ratio in practice-based learning from the perspectives of the learners, preceptors, patients and stakeholder organisations (i...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882040/a-new-model-of-master-of-philosophy-in-physiological-sciences
#7
H R Ahmad, F M Arain, N A Khan
The objectives of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Physiological Sciences are: 1) to describe the new ways in which anatomy, biochemistry and physiology on one hand, and microbiology, pathology and pharmacology on other hand meet their functional requirements through multidisciplinary integrated concepts; 2) to elucidate relationships between cell biology, molecular biology and molecular genetics by connecting dots of how cell functions are driven by molecules and being controlled by genes. This forms the basis of cell, molecular and genetics [CMG] module upon which 7 multidisciplinary modules of Physiological Sciences follow; 3) these 24 credit hours provide the physiological basis for PhD studies as well as faculty development to enhance learning abilities of medical student; 4) the modules constitute Cardio- Respiratory Physiological Sciences, GI and Renal Physiological Sciences, Neurosciences, Endo-Reproductive Physiological Sciences...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878052/missing-the-mark-current-practices-in-teaching-the-male-urogenital-examination-to-canadian-undergraduate-medical-students
#8
Kristen McAlpine, Stephen Steele
INTRODUCTION: The urogenital physical examination is an important aspect of patient encounters in various clinical settings. Introductory clinical skills sessions are intended to provide support and alleviate students' anxiety when learning this sensitive exam. The techniques each Canadian medical school uses to guide their students through the initial urogenital examination has not been previously reported. METHODS: This study surveyed pre-clerkship clinical skills program directors at the main campus of English-speaking Canadian medical schools regarding the curriculum they use to teach the urogenital examination...
August 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873406/watch-scrubs-a-video-observational-study-of-workplace-based-learning-at-sacred-heart-hospital
#9
Eliot L Rees, Yashashwi Sinha, Benjamin Davies, Patrick J Quinn
CONTEXT: Workplace-based learning remains the cornerstone of clinical training. Teaching in the clinical environment promotes active engagement as trainees are required to combine their competencies (e.g. skills in history taking, examination and clinical reasoning) to determine an appropriate course of action. High-quality clinical teaching supports and scaffolds trainees' learning in clinical workplaces. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the quality of clinical teaching at a large teaching hospital...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864358/effects-of-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-scriptaid-on-the-developmental-competence-of-mouse-embryos-generated-through-round-spermatid-injection
#10
Pengcheng Kong, Mingru Yin, Dongbao Chen, Shangang Li, Yao Li, Fengying Xing, Manxi Jiang, Zhenfu Fang, Qifeng Lyu, Xuejin Chen
STUDY QUESTION: Can the histone deacetylase inhibitor Scriptaid improve the efficiency of the development of round spermatid injection (ROSI)-fertilized embryos in a mouse model? SUMMARY ANSWER: Treatment of ROSI mouse zygotes with Scriptaid increased the expression levels of several development-related genes at the blastocyst stage, resulting in more efficient in vitro development of the blastocyst and an increased birth rate of ROSI-derived embryos. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The full-term development of embryos derived through ROSI is significantly lower than that following ICSI in humans and other species...
November 17, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862825/competency-based-training-in-robotic-surgery-benchmark-scores-for-virtual-reality-robotic-simulation
#11
N Raison, K Ahmed, N Fossati, N Buffi, A Mottrie, P Dasgupta, H van der Poel
OBJECTIVES: To develop benchmark scores of competency for use within a competency-based virtual reality (VR) robotic training curriculum. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal, observational study analysed results from 9 EAU hands-on-training courses in VR simulation. 223 participants ranging from novice to expert robotic surgeons completed 1565 exercises. Competency was set at 75% of the mean expert score. Benchmark scores for all general performances metrics generated by the simulator were calculated...
November 10, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860141/diversifying-the-midwifery-workforce-inclusivity-culturally-sensitive-bridging-and-innovation
#12
Holliday Tyson, Karline Wilson-Mitchell
Midwifery educators and regulators in Canada have begun to address diversity, equity, and inclusion in admission processes and program curricula. Populations served by midwives value internationally educated midwives from their countries of origin. The International Midwifery Pre-Registration Program at Ryerson University in Toronto, Ontario, provides assessment, midwifery workplace orientation, and accelerated education for internationally educated midwives on behalf of the regulatory College of Midwives of Ontario...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856985/assessing-and-enhancing-quality-through-outcomes-based-continuing-professional-development-cpd-a-review-of-current-practice
#13
S Wallace, S A May
Numerous professional bodies have questioned whether traditional input-based continuing professional development (CPD) schemes are effective at measuring genuine learning and improving practice performance and patient health. The most commonly used type of long-established CPD activities, such as conferences, lectures and symposia, have been found to have a limited effect on improving practitioner competence and performance, and no significant effect on patient health outcomes. Additionally, it is thought that the impact of many CPD activities is reduced when they are undertaken in isolation outside of a defined structure of directed learning...
November 19, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846065/an-evidence-based-approach-to-training-pediatric-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-trainers
#14
Catharine M Walsh, John T Anderson, Douglas S Fishman
Endoscopy training has evolved in recent years from the traditional model of "learning by doing" to the current skillful application of evidence-based educational principles. Endoscopy training should ideally be provided by individuals with the requisite skills and behaviors to teach endoscopy effectively and efficiently, including an awareness of principles of adult education, best practices in procedural skills education and appropriate use of beneficial educational strategies such as feedback. The aim of this article is to outline principles that underlie successful endoscopy training and describe the "Preparation - Training - Wrap-up" framework that can be used by pediatric endoscopy trainers to help guide an effective endoscopy training session...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832691/clinical-course-teaching-in-transport-of-critically-ill-patients-small-group-methods
#15
Mohammad Taghi Beigmohammadi, Mojgan Rahimi, Omid Nabavian, Seyed Hossein Davarani, Kassra Karvandian, Fatemeh Kamalitabar
Critically ill patient transfer is potentially risky and may be lead to morbidity and mortality. Physicians' skill is very important for safe transport. We want to evaluate the effect of clinical course teaching on the promotion of physicians' abilities in the transport of critically ill patients. In an interventional study, 320 interns, male and female, were taught about patient transfer in two groups include in one day clinical course as the small group system (n=160) and other group the lecture base learning (n=160)...
September 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825344/the-norwegian-national-project-for-ethics-support-in-community-health-and-care-services
#16
Morten Magelssen, Elisabeth Gjerberg, Reidar Pedersen, Reidun Førde, Lillian Lillemoen
BACKGROUND: Internationally, clinical ethics support has yet to be implemented systematically in community health and care services. A large-scale Norwegian project (2007-2015) attempted to increase ethical competence in community services through facilitating the implementation of ethics support activities in 241 Norwegian municipalities. The article describes the ethics project and the ethics activities that ensued. METHODS: The article first gives an account of the Norwegian ethics project...
November 8, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824798/educating-parents-on-sports-related-concussions
#17
Ian Macdonald, Roxanne Hauber
PURPOSE: Approximately 30 million children and adolescents in the United States participate in various forms of organized sports, and incidents of traumatic brain injuries in emergency departments have increased to 62% from 2001 to 2009. Knowledge, information, and preventive interventions appear to have been well disseminated among athletic personnel at the professional, collegiate, and high school levels. Research regarding parents' perceptions and knowledge of sports-related concussions (SRCs) however is lacking...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823593/snorkel-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-versus-fenestrated-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-is-it-a-competition
#18
REVIEW
Adam Tanious, Jason T Lee, Murray Shames
The endovascular treatment of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) can be performed by either a standard endovascular stent graft with additional snorkle grafts to aorta branches (snorkel endovascular aneurysm repair) or implantation of a fenestrated stent graft (fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair). While many vascular surgeons consider snorkel endovascular aneurysm repair and fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair to be competing techniques or alternate strategies, published procedural outcomes suggest more complementary roles...
March 2016: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818859/problem-case-based-learning-with-competition-introduced-in-severe-infection-education-an-exploratory-study
#19
Jian-Hua Lei, Yi-Jing Guo, Zi Chen, Yao-Yan Qiu, Guo-Zhong Gong, Yan He
BACKGROUND: Problem/case-based learning (PCBL) is one of the most commonly used educational methods in medical schools. AIM: To further improve PCBL in clinical course of severe infection by introducing competition mode. METHODS: Two classes of medical students were divided into two groups by class-based simple randomization and were taught the course of severe infection by PCBL. A team-based competition was introduced in the study group (n = 35) while not in the control group (n = 36)...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805792/issues-and-challenges-of-curriculum-reform-to-competency-based-curricula-in-africa-a-meta-synthesis
#20
REVIEW
Claudine Muraraneza, Ntombifikile Gloria Mtshali, Donatilla Mukamana
Although in recent decades reforms to undergraduate nursing and midwifery education have increasingly been guided by the concept of competency-based curriculum in a drive to produce competent graduates in the African context, the topic remains poorly researched in-depth. The related issues and challenges need to be explored in the interest of evidence-based practice. This article stems from a systematic review of qualitative literature on the design and implementation of competency-based curriculum. Data was inductively analyzed using constant comparison...
November 2, 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
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