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Kjell E Oberg, Steven Wj Lamberts
Acromegaly is a hormonal disorder that arises when the pituitary gland secretes excess growth hormone (GH), which in turn stimulates a concomitant increase in serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels. Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NET) constitute a heterogeneous group of tumours that can secrete serotonin and a variety of peptide hormones that may cause characteristic symptoms known as carcinoid syndrome, or other symptoms and hormonal hypersecretion syndromes depending on the tumour's site of origin...
October 3, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
M Y Al-Shorbagy, Noha N Nassar
In the present study, the role of octreotide (OCT) in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) kindling as well as in acute convulsion models was evaluated. Mice were allocated in groups as (1) control saline; (2) acute PTZ (PTZ-a; 60 mg/kg, i.p.), as a single convulsive dose; and (3) kindled (PTZ-k) receiving nine subconvulsive doses of PTZ (40 mg/kg, i.p.) for 17 days. Groups 4-7 received either valproic acid (VPA) 50 mg/kg or OCT (50 μg/kg, Sandostatin®) 30 min by oral gavage before PTZ-a or PTZ-k. The median seizure stage, latency onset of first stage 4/5 seizures, and incidence of convulsing animals were recorded...
October 1, 2016: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Andreas Volk, Philipp Nitschke, Franziska Johnscher, Nuh Rahbari, Thilo Welsch, Christoph Reißfelder, Jürgen Weitz, Marius Distler, Soeren Torge Mees
BACKGROUND: The most common major complication after pancreatic resection is the postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Somatostatin analogs can reduce POPF, but the use of somatostatin analogs is still controversial. The aim of this study was to assess treatment algorithms for pancreatic surgery in Germany with a special focus on the application of somatostatin analogs. METHODS: A questionnaire evaluating the perioperative management-especially the use of somatostatin analogs-and postoperative complications after pancreatic surgery was developed and sent to 209 German hospitals performing >12 pancreatoduodenectomies per year (the requirement for certification as a pancreas center)...
September 15, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Smit Singla, Charles M LeVea, Venkata K Pokuri, Kristopher M Attwood, Michael M Wach, Garin M Tomaszewski, Boris Kuvshinoff, Renuka Iyer
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) metastatic to the liver are treated with transarterial radioembolization (TARE) using yttrium-90 (Y-90) microspheres or transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). However the criteria for patient selection are not well defined. We sought to determine if Ki67 score could help select patients for one therapy over the other in the management of hepatic neuroendocrine metastases. METHODS: Single institution analysis of patients treated with Y-90 or TACE between 2001 and 2014...
June 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Mengxin Wang, Fengying Shan, Yang Zou, Xun Sun, Zhi-Rong Zhang, Yao Fu, Tao Gong
As a natural somatostatin analog, octreotide acetate (OCT) has been extensively used in cancer treatment and growth hormone related diseases. The clinical application of OCT, however, is greatly limited by its short half-life, rapid elimination and clearance in vivo. In the current study, a high content phospholipid-based phase separation gel platform (PPSG) was presented, which could be injected in the soluble state and underwent rapid phase-separation into a gel-like implant after a single subcutaneous injection...
May 28, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Ajay V Maker, Carey August, Vijay K Maker, Elliot Weisenberg
An obese 55-year-old woman with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease presented 7 years after resection of a T3N1 ileal carcinoid tumor with an elevated chromogranin A, multifocal metastatic disease to the liver, and carcinoid syndrome. She underwent right hepatic artery yttrium-90 (Y90) radioembolization, followed a month later by selective Y90 treatment to segment IV. She then presented to our clinic 10 months later, remaining symptomatic with flushing, diarrhea, anxiety, myalgia, pain, and persistent night sweats despite Sandostatin administration...
April 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Bartosz Szymanowski, Renata Duchnowska, Marek Bilski, Grażyna Łapińska, Beata Hryciuk, Grzegorz Kamiński, Cezary Szczylik
We are reporting a case of a 55-year-old woman who was diagnosed as having a non-functioning pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (NF-PNEN), the World Health Organization (WHO) low grade (G1) with liver metastases. In the staging process the positron emission tomography - computed tomography with Fluorine-18-Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG PET-CT) and spiral CT then the gallium-DOTA-octreotate positron emission tomography - computer tomography (⁶⁸Ga-DOTATATE PET-CT) shown difference in burden of disease. In first line therapy, everolimus (Afinitor®, Novartis Pharma GmbH, Germany) at the oral dose of 10 mg once daily and octreotide long-acting release (Sandostatin LAR®) 30 mg i...
2016: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
Christian J Strasburger, Niki Karavitaki, Sylvère Störmann, Peter J Trainer, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Michael Droste, Márta Korbonits, Berit Feldmann, Kathrin Zopf, Violet Fazal Sanderson, David Schwicker, Dana Gelbaum, Asi Haviv, Martin Bidlingmaier, Nienke R Biermasz
BACKGROUND: Long-acting somatostatin analogues delivered parenterally are the most widely used medical treatment in acromegaly. This patient-reported outcomes survey was designed to assess the impact of chronic injections on subjects with acromegaly. METHODS: The survey was conducted in nine pituitary centres in Germany, UK and The Netherlands. The questionnaire was developed by endocrinologists and covered aspects of acromegaly symptoms, injection-related manifestations, emotional and daily life impact, treatment satisfaction and unmet medical needs...
March 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Diana Loreta Paun, Lavinia Vija, Emilia Stan, Alexandra Banica, Elena Bobeica, Dana Terzea, Catalina Poiana, Corin Badiu, Sorin Paun
BACKGROUND: Ectopic production of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) by neuroendocrine tumours (NET) is a rare condition, occult presentations often hampering the diagnosis. Although NET are relatively frequent in the ileon and Meckel diverticulum, we describe the first Cushing's syndrome due to ectopic adrenocorticotropic syndrome (CS-EAS) arising from a Meckel diverticulum. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year-old man was admitted with recent onset of diabetes, myopathy, edema and hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis consistent with Cushing's syndrome...
2015: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Ana Valea, Cristina Ghervan, Mara Carsote, Andra Morar, Iulia Iacob, Florica Tomesc, Dan Dumitru Pop, Carmen Georgescu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acromegaly is a complex endocrine disorder caused by excessive secretion of GH, secondary to a GH secreting pituitary adenoma or a mixed pituitary adenoma secreting GH and PRL. METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of combination therapy: dopamine agonist and somatostatin analogue on GH and IGF1 levels in a group of 30 patients with acromegaly. Cabergoline in a dose of 2 mg/week and 4 mg/week respectively was associated with Sandostatin LAR in a dose of 20 mg/month and 30 mg/months respectively...
2015: Clujul Medical (1957)
Andrej Udelnow, Doerthe Jechorek, Cora Wex, Silke Klose, Maciej Pech, Annegret Reinhold, Frank Meyer
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs), a rare condition of unknown etiology, have often been reported to be associated with specific infections or malignant tumors. The question of whether IMT themselves are an inflammatory or a neoplastic process is still going on. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old female patient was transferred to our hospital with ileus caused by a mesenterial tumor. Intraoperatively, the mesenteric mass and the dependent small intestine segment, as well as a suspect hepatic lesion, were resected...
October 2015: Pathology, Research and Practice
Tamara Alempijević, Ana Balović, Aleksandra Pavlović-Marković, Dino Tarabar, Miodrag Krstić, Predrag Miljić, Miloš Bjelović
INTRODUCTION: Bleeding from esophageal varices is a serious medical problem because of the risk of recurrent bleeding and high mortality rate (17-54%). Gastroesophageal varices develop in 50% of cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension, but can also develop in other pre- or post-hepatic causes of portal hypertension. CASE REPORT: We reported a 48-year-old female patient with portal hy- pertension caused by mesenterial vein thrombosis due to congenital thrombophilia...
March 2015: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Helena Šiprová, Miroslav Souček
Acromegaly is a rare and serious disease. A successful and rational therapy of acromegaly ought to combine surgery, radiotherapy and pharmacotherapy. The submitted article presents a case of acromegaly that was only diagnosed at the stage when total pituitary adenoma removal was impossible. Even so, the long-term stabilisation of the disease was reached by way of repeated surgery through transfenoidal and transcranial approach, by linear accelerator radiation therapy and Leksell Gamma Knife radiotherapy and by pharmacotherapy with somatostatin analogon octreotide and growth hormone receptor antagonist pegvisomant...
February 2015: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Young Bae Jeon, Sangchul Yun, Dongho Choi
In a popular sense, Jehovah's Witnesses (JW) have their creeds, one of which is refusal of blood transfusion. Such refusal may impinge on their proper management, especially in critical situations. We present a case of successful bloodless multimodality therapy, which was performed for a JW. The patient was a 49-year-old woman and JW who had general weakness 7 days before admission. She was diagnosed with a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) with hepatic metastases. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and Sandostatin LAR injection were performed, and then she was given a transfusion-free Radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy sequentially...
February 2015: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Gitte O Skajaa, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Elisabeth Iyore, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Espen Jimenez-Solem, Peter Damm
BACKGROUND: Late familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is characterized by recurrent episodes of hypoglycemia and an inappropriate insulinemic response. Treatment with octreotide (somatostatin analogue) reduces the prevalence of clinical significant hypoglycemia and might be beneficial during pregnancy. To our knowledge this is the first report of a woman with late familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia experiencing pregnancies with and without octreotide treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 35-year-old Caucasian woman known to suffer from late familial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia due to a well-known mutation in the insulin receptor gene has been pregnant 6 times...
2014: BMC Research Notes
Jian-Han Chen, Chun-Ming Chang, Min-Chi Lu, Chang-Kuo Wei, Wen-Yao Yin
Chylous ascites is a rare complication in liver transplant. Few cases have been reported to date. In most cases, chylous ascites is diagnosed within 1 month after surgery because of intraoperative injury of the hilar lymphatic system. Preoperative massive ascites and use of a LigaSure vessel sealing system for hilar dissection have been reported as risk factors. We report a case of chylous ascites after a living-donor liver transplant that was diagnosed after 6 months of uneventful follow-up. Sirolimus was added to cyclosporine early (2 wk after the operation) owing to poor renal function and it was found to be high (> 22 ng/mL) when the chylous ascites occurred...
June 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Joanna Z Peng, William S Denney, Bret J Musser, Rong Liu, Kuenhi Tsai, Lanyan Fang, Marc L Reitman, Matthew D Troyer, Samuel S Engel, Lei Xu, Aubrey Stoch, Julie A Stone, Ken G Kowalski
A potent novel compound (MK-3577) was developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) through blocking the glucagon receptor. A semi-mechanistic model was developed to describe the drug effect on glucagon and the interaction between glucagon, insulin, and glucose in healthy subjects (N = 36) during a glucagon challenge study in which glucagon, octreotide (Sandostatin), and basal insulin were infused for 2 h starting from 3, 12, or 24 h postdose of a single 0-900 mg MK-3577 administration...
November 2014: AAPS Journal
Walter Koch, Christoph J Auernhammer, Julia Geisler, Christine Spitzweg, Clemens C Cyran, Harun Ilhan, Peter Bartenstein, Alexander R Haug
We investigated the use of Ga-68-DOTA-Tyr3-octreotate (Ga-68-DOTA-TATE) positron emission tomography (PET) and standardized uptake values (SUVs) to predict the effectiveness of treatment with the somatostatin analogue octreotide acetate (Sandostatin LAR) in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Thirty patients with well-differentiated NETs of the ileum (grades G1 and G2) were studied with Ga-68-DOTA-TATE. The average SUV of a 50% isocontour volume of interest covering the lesion with maximum uptake (SUV mean) and the maximum SUV (SUV max) were determined...
2014: Molecular Imaging
Sirilaksana Kunjara, A Leslie Greenbaum, Milena Sochor, Allan Flyvbjerg, Henning Grønbaek, Patricia McLean
The effects of long-acting somatostatin analogues, angiopeptin (AGP) and Sandostatin (SMS), on the early decline in the lens content of glutathione (GSH), ATP and NADPH and increase in sorbitol were studied in STZ diabetic rats, and comparison was made with the effect of insulin. Three factors prompted this study: (i) the known increase in IGF-1 in ocular tissue in diabetes and antagonistic effect of somatostatins, (ii) the known effect of IGF-1 in increasing lens aldose reductase and (iii) the lack of effect of somatostatins on diabetic hyperglycaemia, the latter enabling a differentiation to be made between effects of hyperglycaemia per se and site(s) of IGF-1/somatostatins...
April 2014: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Harika Bodur Oztürk, Birol Vural, Eray Calışkan, Seyhun Solakoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare apoptotic and antiproliferative effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues and their combination with octeotide on endometrioid endometrial cancer cell lines. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Women diagnosed with endometrioid adenocarcinoma at the department of Gynecology and Obstetric of Kocaeli University Medical School were included in this research. Endometrium cancer cell lines obtained from three patients were used for this study...
2010: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
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