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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937953/the-biological-basis-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-following-blast-injury-a-literature-review
#1
Matt Aldag, Regina C Armstrong, Faris Bandak, Patrick S F Bellgowan, Timothy Bentley, Sean Biggerstaff, Katrina Caravelli, Joan Cmarik, Alicia Crowder, Thomas J DeGraba, Travis A Dittmer, Richard G Ellenbogen, Colin Greene, Raj K Gupta, Ramona Hicks, Stuart Hoffman, Robert C Latta, Michael J Leggieri, Donald Marion, Robert Mazzoli, Michael McCrea, John O'Donnell, Mark Packer, James B Petro, Todd E Rasmussen, Wendy Sammons-Jackson, Richard Shoge, Victoria Tepe, Ladd A Tremaine, James Zheng
The United States Department of Defense Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office organized the 2015 International State-of-the-Science meeting to explore links between blast-related head injury and the development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Before the meeting, the planning committee examined articles published between 2005 and October 2015 and prepared this literature review, which summarized broadly CTE research and addressed questions about the pathophysiological basis of CTE and its relationship to blast- and nonblast-related head injury...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937917/head-impact-exposure-measured-in-a-single-youth-football-team-during-practice-drills
#2
Mireille E Kelley, Joeline M Kane, Mark A Espeland, Logan E Miller, Alexander K Powers, Joel D Stitzel, Jillian E Urban
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the frequency, magnitude, and location of head impacts in practice drills within a youth football team to determine how head impact exposure varies among different types of drills. METHODS On-field head impact data were collected from athletes participating in a youth football team for a single season. Each athlete wore a helmet instrumented with a Head Impact Telemetry (HIT) System head acceleration measurement device during all preseason, regular season, and playoff practices...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930876/case-study-sleep-and-injury-in-elite-soccer-a-mixed-method-approach
#3
Mathieu Nédélec, Cédric Leduc, Brian Dawson, Gaël Guilhem, Grégory Dupont
The present case study allowed an examination of the link between sleep and injury occurrence in an elite male soccer player competing in French League 1 and Union of European Football Associations matches. During 4 months, a mixed method approach was used, combining actigraphic sleep assessment with qualitative interviews on a daily basis. Three injuries were reported over the study period. Sleep onset latency, both in the single night (117±43 min) and in the week (78±50 min) before injury occurrence, was longer than pre-season baseline values (18±13 min; effect size (ES): 3...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928921/an-unusual-cause-of-genu-valgum-and-persistent-instability
#4
Edward Holloway, Paul Sutton, Robert Cooper
We present the case of a professional adolescent footballer who attended our clinic with ongoing instability symptoms and valgus knee deformity after conservative management of an medial collateral ligament injury. The patient was found to have sustained a contra-coup Salter Harris Type V injury to his lateral distal femur physis resulting in premature growth arrest and deformity. Salter Harris Type V injuries are rare, and often not diagnosed until growth has arrest has occurred due to lack of identifiable features on initial plain radiographs...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922490/risk-factors-for-football-injuries-in-young-players-aged-7-to-12-years
#5
Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Jiri Chomiak, Karel Němec, Jiri Dvorak, Eric Lichtenstein, Oliver Faude
OBJECTIVES: Football (soccer) is very popular amongst children. Little is known about risk factors for football injuries in children. The aim was to analyse potential injury risk factors in 7 to 12 year old players. DESIGN: Prospective epidemiological study. METHODS: We collected prospective data in Switzerland and the Czech Republic over two seasons. Coaches reported exposure of players (in hours), absence, and injury data via an internet-based registration system...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919185/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-injuries-in-high-school-athletes-over-a-ten-year-period
#6
Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R Laker, Dustin Currie, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Over 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. While catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available characterizing less severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare cervical spine injury rates and patterns among United States (US) HS athletes across 24 sports over a ten-year period. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study SETTING: National sample of high schools participating in the High School Reporting Information Online (High School RIO) injury surveillance system...
September 12, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918117/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-high-school-football-player-with-familial-hemiplegic-migraine-a-case-report
#7
Manisha R Chand, Sumit Kanwar, Evan Peck
Mild traumatic brain injury is a major concern in young athletes, with an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million reported concussions in the US annually. Familial hemiplegic migraine is a rare autosomal-dominant condition characterized by sporadic episodes of transient unilateral motor weakness which may begin at any age. We present a case of a 17-year-old male with a history of familial hemiplegic migraine who suffered prolonged symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury during sports participation.
September 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911275/associations-between-retirement-reasons-chronic-pain-athletic-identity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-former-professional-footballers
#8
George Sanders, Clare Stevinson
BACKGROUND: Retirement from professional sport has been recognised as a major psychological stressor, and there is a need to identify factors that increase the risk of mental health problems after career termination. The current study examined associations between career-ending injury, chronic pain, athletic identity, and depressive symptomology in retired professional footballers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 307 retired male footballers who had played within a professional United Kingdom league...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902758/a-case-series-of-pectoralis-major-injuries-on-one-collegiate-football-team
#9
Hayden P Baker, Vehniah K Tjong, Antonios Varelas, Matt Wonais, Michael A Terry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890798/american-football-and-other-sports-injuries-may-cause-migraine-persistent-pain-decades-later-and-can-be-treated-successfully-with-electrical-twitch-obtaining-intramuscular-stimulation-etoims
#10
J Chu, S McNally, F Bruyninckx, D Neuhauser
INTRODUCTION: Autonomous twitch elicitation at myofascial trigger points from spondylotic radiculopathies-induced denervation supersensitivity can provide favourable pain relief using electrical twitch-obtaining intramuscular stimulation (ETOIMS). AIM: To provide objective evidence that ETOIMS is safe and efficacious in migraine and persistent pain management due to decades-old injuries to head and spine from paediatric American football. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An 83-year-old mildly hypertensive patient with 25-year history of refractory migraine and persistent pain self-selected to regularly receive fee-for-service ETOIMS 2/week over 20 months...
April 2017: BMJ Innovations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886473/strategies-for-injury-prevention-in-brazilian-football-perceptions-of-physiotherapists-and-practices-of-premier-league-teams
#11
Maurício Couto Meurer, Marcelo Faria Silva, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
OBJECTIVES: To describe the physiotherapists perceptions and the current practices for injury prevention in elite football (soccer) clubs in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Group of Science in Sports & Exercise, Federal University of Healthy Sciences of Porto Alegre (Brazil). PARTICIPANTS: 16 of the 20 football clubs involved in the Brazilian premier league 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physiotherapists answered a structured questionnaire...
July 25, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880572/examining-play-counts-and-measurements-of-injury-incidence-in-youth-football
#12
Zachary Y Kerr, Susan W Yeargin, Aristarque Djoko, Sara L Dalton, Melissa M Niceley, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT:   Whereas researchers have provided estimates for the number of head impacts sustained within a youth football season, less is known about the number of plays across which such impact exposure occurs. OBJECTIVE:   To estimate the number of plays in which youth football players participated during the 2013 season and to estimate injury incidence through play-based injury rates. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Youth football...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878461/comparison-of-physical-activities-of-female-football-players-in-junior-high-school-and-high-school
#13
Yuri Inoue, Yoshitaka Otani, Seiichi Takemasa
[Purpose] This study aimed to compare physical activities between junior high school and high school female football players in order to explain the factors that predispose to a higher incidence of sports injuries in high school female football players. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-nine female football players participated. Finger floor distance, the center of pressure during single limb stance with eyes open and closed, the 40-m linear sprint time, hip abduction and extension muscle strength and isokinetic knee flexion and extension peak torque were measured...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874926/craniosacral-therapy-and-visceral-manipulation-a-new-treatment-intervention-for-concussion-recovery
#14
Gail Wetzler, Melinda Roland, Sally Fryer-Dietz, Dee Dettmann-Ahern
Background: Military service members and veterans face health issues related to traumatic brain injury (TBI), especially during combat, use of heavy equipment, and exposures to environmental hazards and explosives. There were 400,000 TBIs reported in deployed U.S. troops in 2012. Athletes are also subject to TBI. Studies have indicated that some manual therapies could be helpful for treating patients who have post-concussive syndrome. Objective: This case series report describes the effects of CranioSacral Therapy (CST), Visceral Manipulation (VM), and Neural Manipulation (NM) modalities for treating patients who have post-concussion syndrome...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872485/what-is-the-value-of-a-national-football-league-draft-pick-an-analysis-based-on-changes-made-in-the-collective-bargaining-agreement
#15
Matthew J Kraeutler, Trevor J Carver, John W Belk, Eric C McCarty
The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the value of players drafted in early rounds of the NFL Draft since the new collective bargaining agreement (CBA) began in 2011. The NFL's player statistics database and database of player contract details were searched for players drafted in the first three rounds of the 2011 to 2013 NFL Drafts. Performance outcomes specific to each position were divided by each player's salary to calculate a value statistic. Various demographics, NFL Combine results, and total number of games missed due to injury were also recorded for each player...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872423/the-use-of-relative-speed-zones-in-australian-football-are-we-really-measuring-what-we-think-we-are
#16
Nick B Murray, Tim J Gabbett, Andrew D Townshend
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the difference between absolute and relative workloads, injury likelihood, and the acute:chronic workload ratio (ACWR) in elite Australian football. DESIGN: Single cohort, observational study. METHODS: Forty-five elite Australian football players from one club participated in this study. Running workloads of players were tracked using Global Positioning System technology, and were categorised using either; (1) absolute, pre-defined speed thresholds, or (2) relative, individualised speed thresholds...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869996/-prevention-of-head-and-brain-injuries-in-football-is-there-a-need-to-ban-headings
#17
Volker Krutsch, Werner Krutsch, Petra Jansen, Helmut Hoffmann, Peter Angele, Jennifer Lehmann, Oliver Loose, Axel Gänsslen, Michael Nerlich, Johannes Weber
Football, the most popular sports worldwide, is associated with a high number of injuries. Head and brain injuries in football are less frequent, but may result in severe long-term damage. The mechanisms of these injuries in football are multifactorial, and the ball is rarely the main cause of a head injury. Short-term, medium-term and long-term consequences of headings in football are insufficiently examined, and there are hardly any case reports about severe episodes. Heading has been banned in US junior football since November 2015, which is understandable considering the higher risk for head injuries in popular American sports such as ice hockey or American football and people's fear associated with this risk...
September 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851546/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-integration-of-canonical-traumatic-brain-injury-secondary-injury-mechanisms-with-tau-pathology
#18
REVIEW
Jacqueline R Kulbe, Edward D Hall
In recent years, a new neurodegenerative tauopathy labeled Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE), has been identified that is believed to be primarily a sequela of repeated mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), often referred to as concussion, that occurs in athletes participating in contact sports (e.g. boxing, football, football, rugby, soccer, ice hockey) or in military combatants, especially after blast-induced injuries. Since the identification of CTE, and its neuropathological finding of deposits of hyperphosphorylated tau protein, mechanistic attention has been on lumping the disorder together with various other non-traumatic neurodegenerative tauopathies...
August 26, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844725/sprint-mechanics-return-to-competition-follow-up-after-hamstring-injury-on-a-professional-soccer-player-a-case-study-with-an-inertial-sensor-unit-based-methodological-approach
#19
Igor Setuain, Pablo Lecumberri, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: The present research aimed to describe an inertial unit (IU)-based sprint mechanics evaluation model for assessing players' readiness to return to competition after suffering a grade I hamstring injury. METHODS: A professional male football player (age 19years; height 177cm; weight 70kg, midfielder, Spanish, 3° Division) with a grade 1 biceps femoris injury was evaluated at pre-season, at return to play after injury and at the end of the competitive season...
August 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840151/epidemiology-of-navicular-injury-at-the-nfl-combine-and-their-impact-on-an-athlete-s-prospective-nfl-career
#20
Bryan Vopat, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Gregory Waryasz, Kevin J McHale, George Sanchez, Catherine A Logan, James M Whalen, Christopher W DiGiovanni, Matthew T Provencher
BACKGROUND: Navicular injuries can result in persistent pain, posttraumatic osteoarthritis, and diminished performance and function. PURPOSE: To determine the epidemiology of navicular fracture in players participating in the National Football League (NFL) Scouting Combine and evaluate the impact of a navicular injury on the NFL draft position and NFL game play compared with matched controls. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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