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Ting Deng, Lei Wu, Jun-Min Gao, Bin Zhou, Ya-Li Zhang, Wen-Nan Wu, Zhuo-Heng Tang, Wen-Chao Jiang, Wei-Lin Huang
The occurrence and health risks of organotins (OTs) in the waterworks and source water in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region (TGRR), China were assessed in this study. Water samples were collected at four waterworks (A, B, C, and D) in March and July 2012 to analyze butyltins (BTs) and phenyltins (PTs) using a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) system. Our results showed that both the waterworks and their nearby water sources were polluted by OTs, with PTs being the most dominant species. Monobutyltin (MBT), monophenyltin (MPT), diphenyltin (DPT), and triphenyltin (TPT) were detected in most of the analyzed water samples...
March 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xueting Yan, Bin He, Lihong Liu, Guangbo Qu, Jianbo Shi, Chunyang Liao, Ligang Hu, Guibin Jiang
Organotin compounds (OTs) are used in a range of industrial products, such as antifouling paints, agricultural pesticides and stabilizers. Owing to potential endocrine-disrupting effects, human exposure to such compounds is a concern. Nevertheless, little is known about the adverse effect of OTs on adrenocortical function in organisms. In this study, the human adrenocortical carcinoma cell (H295R) model was used to investigate effects of OTs on steroidogenesis and potential causes for such endocrine disruption was examined...
March 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Bernd Zimmer, Hiba Sino
PURPOSE: The objective of this investigation was to develop equations to describe the geometric relations among "targeted incisor inclinations" (tU1, tL1) accommodating different cephalometric norms (Ricketts, Bergen, etc.) with the "expected inclinations" (eU1, eL1), as they can be generated by bracket torque values according to Andrews, Roth, Ricketts, and MBT. METHODS: In its key parts, the present study is a theoretical work in which structural relationships are described using standard mathematical and geometric methodologies...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Kian F Wong, James Teng, Michael W L Chee, Kinjal Doshi, Julian Lim
Mindfulness based training (MBT) is becoming increasingly popular as a means to improve general wellbeing through developing enhanced control over metacognitive processes. In this preliminary study, we tested a cohort of 36 nurses (mean age = 30.3, SD = 8.52; 2 male) who participated in an 8-week MBT intervention to examine the improvements in sustained attention and its energetic costs that may result from MBT. Changes in sustained attention were measured using the psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) and electroencephalography (EEG) was collected both during PVT performance, and during a brief period of meditation...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Yikai Huang, Wukui Zhao, Congcong Wang, Yaru Zhu, Mengjie Liu, Huan Tong, Yin Xia, Qing Jiang, Jinzhong Qin
Though genetic data suggest that Polycomb group proteins (PcGs) are central chromatin modifiers and repressors that have been implicated in control of embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency, the precise mechanism of PcG complex recruitment remains elusive, especially in mammals. We now report that the first and second MBT repeats of L3mbtl2 are important structural and functional features that are necessary and sufficient for L3mbtl2-mediated recruitment of PRC1.6 complex to target promoters. Interestingly, this region of L3mbtl2 harbors the evolutionarily conserved Pho-binding pocket also present in Drosophila Sfmbt, and mutation of the critical residues within this pocket completely abolishes its interaction with target promoters...
March 13, 2018: Cell Reports
Michael Haimerl, Irene Fuhrmann, Stefanie Poelsterl, Claudia Fellner, Marcel D Nickel, Kilian Weigand, Marc H Dahlke, Niklas Verloh, Christian Stroszczynski, Philipp Wiggermann
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether liver function as determined by intravenous administration of13 C-methacetin and continuous real-time breath analysis can be estimated quantitatively from gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) relaxometry. METHODS: Sixty-six patients underwent a13 C-methacetin breath test (13 C-MBT) for evaluation of liver function and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced T1-relaxometry at 3 T. A transverse 3D VIBE sequence with an inline T1 calculation based on variable flip angles was acquired prior to (T1 pre) and 20 min post-Gd-EOB-DTPA (T1 post) administration...
March 12, 2018: European Radiology
Annie W T Lee, Johnson K S Lam, Ricky K W Lam, Wan H Ng, Ella N L Lee, Vicky T Y Lee, Po P Sze, Rahim Rajwani, Kitty S C Fung, Wing K To, Rodney A Lee, Dominic N C Tsang, Gilman K H Siu
Objective: This study evaluated the capability of a MALDI Biotyper system equipped with the newly introduced MBT STAR-BL module to simultaneously perform species identification and β-lactamase-mediated resistance detection in bacteremia -causing bacteria isolated from cultured isolates and patient-derived blood cultures (BCs). Methods: Two hundred retrospective cultured isolates and 153 prospective BCs containing Gram-negative rods (GNR) were collected and subjected to direct bacterial identification, followed by the measurement of β-lactamase activities against ampicillin, piperacillin, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, and meropenem using the MBT STAR-BL module...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jing Zhang, Xinfeng Zhang, Lin Wu, Ting Wang, Jingbo Zhao, Yanjie Zhang, Zhengyu Men, Hongjun Mao
Benzothiazole (BT) and its derivates are commonly used as vulcanization accelerators in rubber production. Information on the occurrence of BTs in road dust (RD) and on human exposure to these compounds is very limited. BT and its six derivates in tire wear particles (TWPs) and RD were determined in this study. Samples were extracted using solid-liquid extraction, purified by a HLB SPE column, and determined by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). All seven BTs were found in 17 TWPs samples from different tire brands...
March 3, 2018: Chemosphere
D Rial, J Bellas, J M Ruiz
Imposex is a disorder caused by organotins, mainly tributyltin, which results in the appearance of male sexual characteristics in females of gastropod mollusks. The main objective of this work was to make a critical analysis of the relationship between imposex and butyltin body burdens in Nucella lapillus and Nassarius reticulatus. Specifically, this study evaluates possible additive effects among butyltins, proposes scales of effects based on robust statistical criteria as alternatives to existing ones and defines the body burdens of TBT in N...
March 6, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Manisha Chownk, Jashandeep Kaur, Kashmir Singh, Jagdeep Kaur
AIM: mbtJ from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv is a member of mbt A-J operon required for mycobactin biogenesis. MATERIALS & METHODS: The esterase/acetyl-hydrolase activity of mbtJ was determined by pNP-esters/native-PAGE and expression under iron stress by quantitative-PCR. Effect of gene on growth/survival of Mycobacterium was studied using antisense. Its effect on morphology, growth/infection was studied in Mycobacterium smegmatis. RESULTS: It showed acetyl hydrolase/esterase activity at pH 8...
March 9, 2018: Future Microbiology
Rémi-Xavier Coux, Felipe Karam Teixeira, Ruth Lehmann
Maintenance of cellular identity is essential for tissue development and homeostasis. At the molecular level, cell identity is determined by the coordinated activation and repression of defined sets of genes. The tumor suppressor L(3)mbt was shown to secure cellular identity in Drosophila larval brains by repressing germline-specific genes. Here we interrogate the temporal and spatial requirements for L(3)mbt in the Drosophila ovary, and show that it safeguards the integrity of both somatic and germline tissues...
March 6, 2018: Development
Rhian F Walther, Mubarik Burki, Noelia Pinal, Clare Rogerson, Franck Pichaud
In Drosophila epithelial cells, apical exclusion of Bazooka/Par3 defines the position of the Zonula Adherens (ZA), which demarcates the apical and lateral membrane and allows cells to assemble into sheets. Here, we show that the small GTPase Rap1, its effector AF6/Canoe (Cno) and the Cdc42-effector Pak4/Mushroom bodies tiny (Mbt), converge in regulating epithelial morphogenesis by coupling stabilization of the Adherens Junction (AJ) protein E-Cadherin, and Bazooka retention at the ZA Furthermore, our results show that the localization of Rap1, Cno and Mbt at the ZA is interdependent, indicating their functions during ZA morphogenesis are interlinked...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
Ulrik Stenz Justesen, Ziyap Acar, Thomas Vognbjerg Sydenham, Åsa Johansson
This study evaluated the MBT-ASTRA for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Bacteroides fragilis with different classes of antibiotics. MALDI-TOF MS peak AUCs from suspensions with B. fragilis with and without an antibiotic were used to calculate the relative growth (AUC "with antibiotic" divided by "without antibiotic"). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of B. fragilis ATCC 25285 (susceptible) and B. fragilis O18 (resistant) was demonstrated with a clear difference of the relative growth between susceptible and resistant...
February 28, 2018: Anaerobe
Christo P Christov, Kevin S Dingwell, Mark Skehel, Helen S Wilkes, Julian E Sale, James C Smith, Torsten Krude
DNA replication in the embryo of Xenopus laevis changes dramatically at the mid-blastula transition (MBT), with Y RNA-independent random initiation switching to Y RNA-dependent initiation at specific origins. Here, we identify xNuRD, an MTA2-containing assemblage of the nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylation complex NuRD, as an essential factor in pre-MBT Xenopus embryos that overcomes a functional requirement for Y RNAs during DNA replication. Human NuRD complexes have a different subunit composition than xNuRD and do not support Y RNA-independent initiation of DNA replication...
February 27, 2018: Cell Reports
Elisabeth M P Laurenssen, Patrick Luyten, Martijn J Kikkert, Dieuwertje Westra, Jaap Peen, Mirjam B J Soons, Anne-Marie van Dam, Anna J van Broekhuyzen, Matthijs Blankers, Jan J V Busschbach, Jack J M Dekker
BACKGROUND: Day hospital mentalization-based treatment (MBT-DH) is a promising treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD) but its evidence base is still limited. This multi-site randomized trial compared the efficacy of MBT-DH delivered by a newly set-up service v. specialist treatment as usual (S-TAU) tailored to the individual needs of patients, and offered by a well-established treatment service. METHODS: Two mental healthcare institutes in The Netherlands participated in the study...
February 26, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Kenneth N Robinson, Rory T Steven, Josephine Bunch
In ultraviolet matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (UV-MALDI MS) matrix compound optical absorption governs the uptake of laser energy, which in turn has a strong influence on experimental results. Despite this, quantitative absorption measurements are lacking for most matrix compounds. Furthermore, despite the use of UV-MALDI MS to detect a vast range of compounds, investigations into the effects of laser energy have been primarily restricted to single classes of analytes. We report the absolute solid state absorption spectra of the matrix compounds α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA), para-nitroaniline (PNA), 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT), 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHB), and 2,4,6-trihydroxyacetophenone (THAP)...
March 2018: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Fabrizio Rossi, Camille Stephan-Otto Attolini, Jose Luis Mosquera, Cayetano Gonzalez
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and copy number variants (CNVs) are found at different rates in human cancer. To determine if these genetic lesions appear in Drosophila tumours we have sequenced the genomes of 17 malignant neoplasms caused by mutations in l(3)mbt, brat, aurA , or lgl We have found CNVs and SNPs in all the tumours. Tumour-linked CNVs range between 11 and 80 per sample, affecting between 92 and 1546 coding sequences. CNVs are in average less frequent in l(3)mbt than in brat lines. Nearly half of the CNVs fall within the 10 to 100Kb range, all tumour samples contain CNVs larger that 100 Kb and some have CNVs larger than 1Mb...
February 21, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Wenzhu B Mowrey, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Wendy S Ramratan, David A Loewenstein, Molly E Zimmerman, Herman Buschke
BACKGROUND: The Memory Binding Test (MBT) demonstrated good cross-sectional discriminative validity and predicted incident aMCI. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the MBT predicts incident dementia better than a conventional list learning test in a longitudinal community-based study. METHODS: As a sub-study in the Einstein Aging Study, 309 participants age≥70 initially free of dementia were administered the MBT and followed annually for incident dementia for up to 13 years...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Małgorzata Bożek, Magdalena Kamińska, Anna Kasicka-Jonderko, Beata Krusiec-Świdergoł, Karolina Ptaszek, Magdalena Juszczyk, Krzysztof Jonderko
We evaluated the reproducibility of the 13C-phenylalanine breath test (13C-PheBT). On three separate days, 21 healthy volunteers (11 F and 10 M) underwent 13C-PheBT with 100 mg l-[1-13C]phenylalanine taken orally. Short-term reproducibility was evaluated with paired examinations taken 3 days apart; paired examinations separated by 23 days (median) served for the medium-term reproducibility assessment. Expiratory air was sampled at 19 points throughout 3 h. Determined limited reproducibility of the 13C-PheBT must be taken into consideration while interpreting the results of this diagnostic tool...
February 6, 2018: Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
Björn Philips, Peter Wennberg, Per Konradsson, Johan Franck
AIMS: There is a scarcity of clinical trials on psychological treatments for concurrent borderline personality disorder (BPD) and substance use disorder (SUD). Mentalization-based treatment (MBT) have shown efficacy in several trials on BPD. The aim of the present study was to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of MBT for concurrent BPD and SUD. METHODS: Patients (n = 46) with concurrent BPD and SUD were randomized either to MBT in combination with SUD treatment (n = 24) or to SUD treatment alone (n = 22)...
January 19, 2018: European Addiction Research
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