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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920541/the-effect-of-body-mass-index-on-perioperative-thermoregulation
#1
Ayşe Belin Özer, Aysun Yildiz Altun, Ömer Lütfi Erhan, Tuba Çatak, Ümit Karatepe, İsmail Demirel, Gonca Çağlar Toprak
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of body mass index (BMI) on thermoregulation in obese patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic abdominal surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled to undergo laparoscopic abdominal surgery with no pre-medication were included in the study. The patients were classified into 4 groups according to BMI <24.9, 25-39.9, 40-49.9, and >50. Anesthesia was provided with routine techniques. Tympanic and peripheral temperatures were recorded every 5 minutes starting with the induction of anesthesia...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914867/new-hbm-values-for-emerging-substances-inventory-of-reference-and-hbm-values-in-force-and-working-principles-of-the-german-human-biomonitoring-commission
#2
REVIEW
Petra Apel, Jürgen Angerer, Michael Wilhelm, Marike Kolossa-Gehring
The German Human Biomonitoring Commission (HBM Commission) derives health-related guidance values (Human Biomonitoring assessment values, HBM values) according to the procedures described in the HBM Commission's position papers. Since the last adaption of the methodology in 2014, the HBM Commission has established a series of new HBM values, mainly on the basis of internationally agreed TDI/RfD values, or of toxicologically well- founded points of departure observed in animal studies. The derivation of these new HBM values for HBCDD, triclosan, 2-MBT, PFOA and PFOS as well as for the metabolites of glycol ethers, of Hexamoll(®) DINCH(®), DPHP, DEHTP, NMP, NEP, and 4-MBC is specified, and the HBM values are presented together with already established HBM values for other substances...
September 17, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910850/the-guanine-nucleotide-exchange-factor-net1-facilitates-the-specification-of-dorsal-cell-fates-in-zebrafish-embryos-by-promoting-maternal-%C3%AE-catenin-activation
#3
Shi Wei, Miaomiao Dai, Zhaoting Liu, Yuanqing Ma, Hanqiao Shang, Yu Cao, Qiang Wang
Wnt/β-catenin signaling is essential for the initiation of dorsal-ventral patterning during vertebrate embryogenesis. Maternal β-catenin accumulates in dorsal marginal nuclei during cleavage stages, but its critical target genes essential for dorsalization are silent until mid-blastula transition (MBT). Here, we find that zebrafish net1, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, is specifically expressed in dorsal marginal blastomeres after MBT, and acts as a zygotic factor to promote the specification of dorsal cell fates...
December 2, 2016: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898274/borderline-personality-disorder-therapeutic-factors
#4
Michael H Stone
Proponents of the now half-dozen major psychotherapeutic approaches tend to claim the superiority of their different approaches-known widely by their acronyms: CBT for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, DBT for Dialectic Behavioral Therapy, MBT for Mentalization-Based Therapy, TFP for Transference- Focused Psychotherapy, and so on. The data thus far support the utility of each method, but do not show clear-cut superiority of any one method. A large percentage of BPD patients eventually improve or even recover, but these favorable results appear to derive from a multiplicity of factors...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897326/exploring-the-effectiveness-of-combined-mentalization-based-group-therapy-and-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-for-inpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-pilot-study
#5
Marc-Andreas Edel, Vanessa Raaff, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Anna Buchheim, Martin Brüne
OBJECTIVES: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by emotional instability, interpersonal dysfunction, and other features that typically develop before a background of insecure attachment and traumatic experiences. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) has proven highly effective in reducing self-harm and improving emotion regulation, whereby problems concerning social cognition, which are also characteristic of BPD, may need additional approaches such as mentalization-based treatment (MBT)...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879204/establishment-and-maintenance-of-heritable-chromatin-structure-during-early-drosophila-embryogenesis
#6
Shelby A Blythe, Eric F Wieschaus
During embryogenesis, the initial chromatin state is established during a period of rapid proliferative activity. We have measured with three-minute time resolution how heritable patterns of chromatin structure are initially established and maintained during the midblastula transition (MBT). We find that regions of accessibility are established sequentially, where enhancers are opened in advance of promoters and insulators. These open states are stably maintained in highly condensed mitotic chromatin to ensure faithful inheritance of prior accessibility status across cell divisions...
November 23, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866675/hemodynamics-of-patient-specific-aorta-pulmonary-shunt-configurations
#7
Senol Piskin, H Firat Altin, Okan Yildiz, Ihsan Bakir, Kerem Pekkan
Optimal hemodynamics in aorta-pulmonary shunt reconstruction is essential for improved post-operative recovery of the newborn congenital heart disease patient. However, prior to in vivo execution, the prediction of post-operative hemodynamics is extremely challenging due to the interplay of multiple confounding physiological factors. It is hypothesized that the post-operative performance of the surgical shunt can be predicted through computational blood flow simulations that consider patient size, shunt configuration, cardiac output and the complex three-dimensional disease anatomy...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857770/assessment-of-dimensional-accuracy-of-preadjusted-metal-injection-molding-orthodontic-brackets
#8
Shiva Alavi, Farnaz Tajmirriahi
BACKGROUND: the aim of this study is to evaluate the dimensional accuracy of McLaughlin, Bennett, and Trevisi (MBT) brackets manufactured by two different companies (American Orthodontics and Ortho Organizers) and determine variations in incorporation of values in relation to tip and torque in these products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present analytical/descriptive study, 64 maxillary right central brackets manufactured by two companies (American Orthodontics and Ortho Organizers) were selected randomly and evaluated for the accuracy of the values in relation to torque and angulation presented by the manufacturers...
September 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855714/the-nourished-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-mentalisation-based-treatment-for-eating-disorders-mbt-ed-with-specialist-supportive-clinical-management-sscm-ed-for-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-symptoms-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
Paul Robinson, Jennifer Hellier, Barbara Barrett, Daiva Barzdaitiene, Anthony Bateman, Alexandra Bogaardt, Ajay Clare, Nadia Somers, Aine O'Callaghan, Kimberley Goldsmith, Nikola Kern, Ulrike Schmidt, Sara Morando, Catherine Ouellet-Courtois, Alice Roberts, Finn Skårderud, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: In this multi-centre randomized controlled trial (RCT) we compared modified mentalisation-based treatment (MBT-ED) to specialist supportive clinical management (SSCM-ED) in patients with eating disorders (EDs) and borderline personality disorder symptoms (BPD). This group of patients presents complex challenges to clinical services, and a treatment which addresses their multiple problems has the potential to improve outcome. MBT has been shown to be effective in improving outcome in patients with BPD, but its use has not been reported in ED...
November 17, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836476/total-tin-and-organotin-speciation-in-historic-layers-of-antifouling-paint-on-leisure-boat-hulls
#10
Maria Lagerström, Jakob Strand, Britta Eklund, Erik Ytreberg
Despite their ban on small vessels in 1989 in the EU, organotin compounds (OTCs) are still being released into the environment due to their presence in historic paint layers on leisure boats. 23 paint samples scraped from recreational boats from three countries around the Baltic Sea were analyzed for total tin (Sn) and OTCs. Two antifouling paint products were also subjected to the same analyses. A new method for the detection of Sn in paint flake samples was developed and found to yield more accurate results compared to four different acid digestion methods...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797337/-the-system-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-and-their-role-in-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#11
D S Esmedlyaeva, N P Alexeyeva, N V Sapozhnikova, M E Dyakova, T L Perova, L D Kiryukhina, V Y Zhuravlev
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between serum levels of parameters of the system metalloproteinase (MMP)/inhibitors with severity of infiltrative pulmonary tuberculosis (ITL), changes in examined parameters during the intensive phase treatment (IPT), as well as possibility of their use for prediction of IPT effectiveness, along with acute-phase proteins (AFP). The study included ITL patients which were subdivided into two groups (I and II) with different rates of reparative changes. It was shown that: 1) ITL is characterized by impairements in the system MMP/inhibitors: the levels of MMP-1, -9 increased, MMP-3, -8, TIMP-1 remained at the reference values and a 2-macroglobulin was low...
July 2016: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794146/influence-of-preadjusted-bracket-shape-and-positioning-reference-on-angulation-of-upper-central-incisor
#12
Francielle Topolski, Mauricio A de O Accorsi, Hugo J Trevisi, Osmar A Cuoghi, Ricardo Moresca
AIM: To verify the influence of different bracket shapes and placement references according to Andrews and MBT systems on the expression of angulation in upper central incisors (UCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bracket positioning and mesiodistal dental movement simulations were performed and the angulations produced in the dental crown were evaluated, based on computed tomography scan images of 30 UCI and AutoCAD software analysis. Rectangular (Andrews) and rhomboid (MBT) brackets were placed according to the references recommended by Andrews and MBT systems - long axis of the clinical crown (LACC) and incisal edge (IE) respectively...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784578/study-and-assessment-of-segregated-biowaste-composting-the-case-study-of-attica-municipalities
#13
D Malamis, A Bourka, Ε Stamatopoulou, K Moustakas, O Skiadi, M Loizidou
This work aims to assess the operation of the first large scale segregated biowaste composting scheme in Greece to divert Household Food Waste (HFW) from landfill and produce a material which can be recovered and used as compost. The source separation and collection of HFW was deployed in selected areas in Attica Region serving about 3700 households. Sorted HFW is collected & transported to the Mechanical and Biological Treatment (MBT) plant in Attica Region that has been designed to produce Compost Like Output (CLO) from mixed MSW...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776469/evaluation-of-the-mercaptobenzothiazole-degradation-by-combined-adsorption-process-and-fenton-reaction-using-iron-mining-residue
#14
Adriana Lau da Silva Martins, Luís Alberto César Teixeira, Fabiana Valéria da Fonseca, Lídia Yokoyama
The present study investigated the degradation of mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT), evaluating homogeneous and heterogeneous systems. An iron mineral residue from the desliming step of iron mining was used as a source in the Fenton-like reaction (advanced oxidation process). A granulometric analysis of the residue was performed and yielded fractions with high hematite (Fe2O3) and low quartz content in sieves from 74 to below 44 mm. In this particle size range, the hematite content from 58.9% to 67.4% and the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller area from 0...
October 24, 2016: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775581/chemically-roughened-solid-silver-a-simple-robust-and-broadband-sers-substrate
#15
Shavini Wijesuriya, Krishna Burugapalli, Ruth Mackay, Godwin Chukwuebuka Ajaezi, Wamadeva Balachandran
Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrates manufactured using complex nano-patterning techniques have become the norm. However, their cost of manufacture makes them unaffordable to incorporate into most biosensors. The technique shown in this paper is low-cost, reliable and highly sensitive. Chemical etching of solid Ag metal was used to produce simple, yet robust SERS substrates with broadband characteristics. Etching with ammonium hydroxide (NH₄OH) and nitric acid (HNO₃) helped obtain roughened Ag SERS substrates...
October 19, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775575/extract-from-maize-zea-mays-l-antibacterial-activity-of-dimboa-and-its-derivatives-against-ralstonia-solanacearum
#16
Bing Guo, Yongqiang Zhang, Shili Li, Ting Lai, Liang Yang, Juanni Chen, Wei Ding
Many cereals accumulate hydroxamic acids involved in defense of plant against various fungi, bacteria, and insects. 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazine-3-one, commonly known as DIMBOA, is one of the principal cyclic hydroxamic acids in aqueous extracts of maize. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the isolated DIMBOA and its derivatives 2-benzoxazolinone (BOA), 6-chloro-2-benzoxazolinone (CDHB), and 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) against Ralstonia solanacearum. MBT showed the strongest antibacterial activity, followed by CDHB and DIMBOA, with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 50, 100 and 200 mg/L, respectively, better than the BOA with 300 mg/L...
October 19, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771269/a-survey-on-the-effects-of-ultrasonic-irradiation-reaction-time-and-concentration-of-initial-reagents-on-formation-of-kinetically-or-thermodynamically-stable-copper-i-metal-organic-nanomaterials
#17
Elham Mirzadeh, Kamran Akhbari, Anukorn Phuruangrat, Ferdinando Costantino
In order to evaluation the effects of ultrasonic irradiations, concentration of initial reagents and reaction time on formation [Cu4(MBT)4] or [Cu6(MBT)6] copper(I) metal-organic nanomaterials, [HMBT=2-Mercaptobenzothiazole], we designed some experiments and synthesized six samples under different conditions. These nanostructures were characterized by IR spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). It seems that the tetranuclear cluster of [Cu4(MBT)4] (2) is the kinetically stable product which is formed at the initial time of the reaction and as the time went, it converts to thermodynamically stable product of [Cu6(MBT)6] (1) with hexanuclear cluster unit...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759155/chaperone-mediated-chromatin-assembly-and-transcriptional-regulation-in-xenopus-laevis
#18
Takashi Onikubo, David Shechter
Chromatin is the complex of DNA and histone proteins that is the physiological form of the eukaryotic genome. Chromatin is generally repressive for transcription, especially so during early metazoan development when maternal factors are explicitly in control of new zygotic gene expression. In the important model organism Xenopus laevis, maturing oocytes are transcriptionally active with reduced rates of chromatin assembly, while laid eggs and fertilized embryos have robust rates of chromatin assembly and are transcriptionally repressed...
2016: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733207/the-burden-of-disease-in-patients-eligible-for-mentalization-based-treatment-mbt-quality-of-life-and-costs
#19
Elisabeth M P Laurenssen, Hester V Eeren, Martijn J Kikkert, Jaap Peen, Dieuwertje Westra, Jack J M Dekker, Jan J V Busschbach
BACKGROUND: Mentalization-Based Treatment (MBT) is a promising, though expensive treatment for severely ill patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). A high burden of disease in terms of quality of life (QoL) and life years lost can be a reason to prioritize mental health interventions, and specifically for BPD patients. Moreover, when the societal costs of the illness are high, spending resources on high treatment costs would be more easily legitimized. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to calculate the burden of disease of BPD patients eligible for MBT...
October 12, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723261/mud-bath-therapy-in-addition-to-usual-care-in-bilateral-knee-osteoarthritis-economic-evaluation-alongside-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Oriana Ciani, Nicola Antonio Pascarelli, Chiara Giannitti, Mauro Galeazzi, Michela Meregaglia, Giovanni Fattore, Antonella Fioravanti
OBJECTIVE: To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of mud-bath therapy (MBT) in addition to usual treatment compared to usual treatment alone in patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: An economic evaluation alongside a randomized controlled trial was conducted. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either a 2 weeks cycle of MBT in addition to their usual treatment or to continue routine care alone. The European Quality-of-Life Questionnaire-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) questionnaire was administered at baseline, 2 weeks, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months...
October 9, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
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