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4 step approach BLS

Hanna Schröder, Alexandra Henke, Lina Stieger, Stefan Beckers, Henning Biermann, Rolf Rossaint, Saša Sopka
BACKGROUND: Learning and training basic life support (BLS)-especially external chest compressions (ECC) within the BLS-algorithm-are essential resuscitation training for laypersons as well as for health care professionals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of learning styles on the performance of BLS and to identify whether all types of learners are sufficiently addressed by Peyton's four-step approach for BLS training. METHODS: A study group of first-year medical students (n = 334) without previous medical knowledge was categorized according to learning styles using the German Lernstilinventar questionnaire based on Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory...
2017: PloS One
Saša Sopka, Henning Biermann, Rolf Rossaint, Steffen Rex, Michael Jäger, Max Skorning, Nicole Heussen, Stefan K Beckers
BACKGROUND: Within cardiopulmonary resuscitation external chest compressions (ECC) are of outstanding importance. Frequent training in Basic Life Support (BLS) may improve the performance, but the perfect method or environment is still a matter of research. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether practical performance and retention of skills in resuscitation training may be influenced by the gender composition in learning groups. METHODS: Participants were allocated to three groups for standardized BLS-training: Female group (F): only female participants; Male group (M): only male participants; Standard group (S): male and female participants...
2013: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Saša Sopka, Henning Biermann, Rolf Rossaint, Sebastian Knott, Max Skorning, Jörg C Brokmann, Nicole Heussen, Stefan K Beckers
OBJECTIVE: The quality of external chest compressions (ECC) is of primary importance within basic life support (BLS). Recent guidelines delineate the so-called 4"-step approach" for teaching practical skills within resuscitation training guided by a certified instructor. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a "media-supported 4-step approach" for BLS training leads to equal practical performance compared to the standard 4-step approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After baseline testing, 220 laypersons were either trained using the widely accepted method for resuscitation training (4-step approach) or using a newly created "media-supported 4-step approach", both of equal duration...
2012: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Adi Leiba, Amir Blumenfeld, Ariel Hourvitz, Gali Weiss, Michal Peres, Dagan Schwartz, Avishay Goldberg, Yehezkel Levi, Yaron Bar-Dayan
A simplified, four-step approach was used to establish a medical management and response plan to mega-terrorism in Israel. The basic steps of this approach are: (1) analysis of a scenario based on past incidents; (2) description of relevant capabilities of the medical system; (3) analysis of gaps between the scenario and the expected response; and (4) development of an operational framework. Analyses of both the scenario and medical abilities led to the recommendation of an evidence-based contingency plan for mega-terrorism...
November 2006: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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