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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689047/major-regional-differences-in-automated-external-defibrillator-placement-and-basic-life-support-training-in-france-further-needs-for-coordinated-implementation
#1
Nicole Karam, Kumar Narayanan, Wulfran Bougouin, Nordine Benameur, Frankie Beganton, Daniel Jost, Lionel Lamhaut, Marie-Cécile Perier, Alain Cariou, David S Celermajer, Eloi Marijon, Xavier Jouven
BACKGROUND: Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) programs have emerged since mid-1990s with the aim of improving survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA). The extent to which their implementation in the community differs among different areas has not been evaluated. METHODS: We carried out a 5-year prospective national evaluation of PAD programs in 51 French districts (29.3 million inhabitants), through the cumulative density of Automated External Defibrillator (AEDs) and the proportion of persons educated in Basic Life Support (BLS)...
July 5, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655625/impact-of-city-police-layperson-education-and-equipment-with-automatic-external-defibrillators-on-patient-outcome-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#2
Philipp Stein, Gabriela H Spahn, Stefan Müller, Andreas Zollinger, Werner Baulig, Martin Brüesch, Burkhardt Seifert, Donat R Spahn
INTRODUCTION: Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurs frequently and the outcome is often dismal. Early defibrillation saves lives and brain function in OHCA. The Zurich city police (STAPO) forces were instructed and equipped to provide basic life support (BLS) and to use an AED in 2009. METHODS: Retrospective observational study comparing period 1 (P1) 2004-2009 before equipping and training of the STAPO and period 2 (P2) 2010-2015 after the implementation...
June 24, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542636/influence-of-learning-styles-on-the-practical-performance-after-the-four-step-basic-life-support-training-approach-an-observational-cohort-study
#3
Hanna Schröder, Alexandra Henke, Lina Stieger, Stefan Beckers, Henning Biermann, Rolf Rossaint, Saša Sopka
BACKGROUND: Learning and training basic life support (BLS)-especially external chest compressions (ECC) within the BLS-algorithm-are essential resuscitation training for laypersons as well as for health care professionals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of learning styles on the performance of BLS and to identify whether all types of learners are sufficiently addressed by Peyton's four-step approach for BLS training. METHODS: A study group of first-year medical students (n = 334) without previous medical knowledge was categorized according to learning styles using the German Lernstilinventar questionnaire based on Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497243/-kids-save-lives-resuscitation-training-for-schoolchildren-systematic-review
#4
D C Schroeder, H Ecker, S Wingen, F Semeraro, B W Böttiger
BACKGROUND: Even in western developed countries, the probability of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is only 6-10%. In order to improve survival after OHCA, early initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by laypersons is essential. Introduction of CPR training in schoolchildren seems to be effective to increase lay-CPR rates. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present investigation was to elucidate educational aspects of teaching schoolchildren in CPR and to summarize campaigns related to a comprehensive establishment of lay-CPR worldwide...
May 11, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422288/general-dentists-awareness-of-how-to-cope-with-medical-emergencies-in-paediatric-dental-patients
#5
Ivana Čuković-Bagić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Mirjana Kujundžić Tiljak, Hrvoje Pezo, Luc Marks
BACKGROUND: General dentists (GDs) should be aware of the symptoms, signs, diagnoses and treatment of medical emergencies in paediatric patients. AIM: To evaluate the knowledge of GDs in coping with medical emergencies, and to identify whether they are confident to diagnose and treat medical emergencies in paediatric patients. DESIGN: The questionnaire was conducted immediately before the beginning of national dental meetings and continuing education seminars in Croatia, attended by the GDs, in order to obtain a representative sample...
April 19, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417030/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-basic-life-support-among-health-students-at-a-saudi-women-s-university
#6
Maha A Al-Mohaissen
OBJECTIVES: Awareness of basic life support (BLS) is paramount to ensure the provision of essential life-saving medical care in emergency situations. This study aimed to measure knowledge of BLS and attitudes towards BLS training among female health students at a women's university in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study took place between January and April 2016 at five health colleges of the Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300340/trainees-at-a-resuscitation-a-dual-liability
#7
Nancy H Stewart, Audrey Tanksley, Dana P Edelson, Vineet M Arora
BACKGROUND: During basic life support (BLS) training, medical students receive little instruction on their role during a resuscitation attempt. Research is sparse regarding trainee perceptions of the resuscitation team. This study sought to describe trainee experiences and perceptions of resuscitation teams. METHODS: Clinical third-year medical students (MS3s) and incoming interns (PGY1s) reported on survey items addressing prior BLS education, knowledge of BLS, and the student's perceptions and experiences during a resuscitation attempt...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228110/a-nationwide-survey-of-first-aid-training-and-encounters-in-norway
#8
Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Johan Angell, Torben Wisborg
BACKGROUND: Bystander first aid can improve survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or trauma. Thus, providing first aid education to laypersons may lead to better outcomes. In this study, we aimed to establish the prevalence and distribution of first aid training in the populace, how often first aid skills are needed, and self-reported helping behaviour. METHODS: We conducted a telephone survey of 1000 respondents who were representative of the Norwegian population...
February 23, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138421/efficacy-and-retention-of-basic-life-support-education-including-automated-external-defibrillator-usage-during-a-physical-education-period
#9
Kae Watanabe, Dalia Lopez-Colon, Jonathan J Shuster, Joseph Philip
The American Heart Association (AHA) advocates for CPR education as a requirement of secondary school curriculum. Unfortunately, many states have not adopted CPR education. Our aim was to investigate a low-cost, time effective method to educate students on Basic Life Support (BLS), including reeducation. This is a prospective, randomized study. Retention was assessed at 4 months post-initial education. Education was performed by AHA-certified providers during a 45-minute physical education class in a middle school in Florida...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062467/basic-life-support-education-in-secondary-schools-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-london-uk
#10
Justin D Salciccioli, Dominic C Marshall, Mark Sykes, Alexander D Wood, Stephanie A Joppa, Madhurima Sinha, P Boon Lim
OBJECTIVES: Basic life support (BLS) training in schools is associated with improved outcomes from cardiac arrest. International consensus statements have recommended universal BLS training for school-aged children. The current practice of BLS training in London schools is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess current practices of BLS training in London secondary schools. SETTING, POPULATION AND OUTCOMES: A prospective audit of BLS training in London secondary schools was conducted...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059603/retention-of-basic-life-support-in-laypeople-mastery-learning-vs-time-based-education
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sylvain Boet, M Dylan Bould, Ashlee-Ann Pigford, Bernhard Rössler, Pratheeban Nambyiah, Qi Li, Alexandra Bunting, Karl Schebesta
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a mastery learning (ML) versus a time-based (TB) BLS course for the acquisition and retention of BLS knowledge and skills in laypeople. METHODS: After ethics approval, laypeople were randomized to a ML or TB BLS course based on the American Heart Association (AHA) Heartsaver course. In the ML group, subjects practiced and received feedback at six BLS stations until they reached a pre-determined level of performance. The TB group received a standard AHA six-station BLS course...
May 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695008/the-effect-of-basic-life-support-bls-education-on-secondary-school-students-willingness-to-and-reasons-not-to-perform-bls-in-real-life
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630885/quality-of-basic-life-support-a-comparison-between-medical-students-and-paramedics
#13
Maria Isabel Körber, Thomas Köhler, Verena Weiss, Roman Pfister, Guido Michels
INTRODUCTION: Poor survival rates after cardiac arrest can partly be explained by poor basic life support skills in medical professionals. AIM: This study aimed to assess quality of basic life support in medical students and paramedics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study with 100 early medical students (group A), 100 late medical students (group B) and 100 paramedics (group C), performing a 20-minute basic life support simulation in teams of two...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592835/an-analysis-of-the-educational-effects-of-studying-basic-life-support
#14
Toshihiko Watanabe, Kunio Itoh, Akihiko Yonezawa
We set students' learning goal of basic life support (BLS) education at "being able to describe all the steps of BLS in an appropriate order", and objectively analyzed the appropriateness of the learning goal we set and educational effects of lecture contents. Before delivering a lecture, we provided students with an assignment which asked them to "Describe the steps of BLS in an appropriate order", and investigated students' levels of acquiring knowledge on BLS. As the results, the majority of students failed to perform this assignment...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589486/quality-of-basic-life-support-education-and-automated-external-defibrillator-setting-in-schools-in-ishikawa-japan
#15
Akiteru Takamura, Sayori Ito, Kaori Maruyama, Yusuke Ryo, Manami Saito, Shuhei Fujimura, Yuna Ishiura, Ariyuki Hori
BACKGROUND: Automated external defibrillators (AED) have been installed in schools in Japan since 2004, and the government strongly recommends teaching basic life support (BLS). We therefore examined the quality of BLS education and AED installation in schools. METHODS: We conducted a prefecture-wide questionnaire survey of all primary and junior high schools in 2016, to assess BLS education and AED installation against the recommendations of the Japan Circulation Society...
September 2, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576085/teaching-school-children-basic-life-support-improves-teaching-and-basic-life-support-skills-of-medical-students-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Stefanie Beck, Vivian Meier-Klages, Maria Michaelis, Susanne Sehner, Sigrid Harendza, Christian Zöllner, Jens Christian Kubitz
BACKGROUND: The "kids save lives" joint-statement highlights the effectiveness of training all school children worldwide in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to improve survival after cardiac arrest. The personnel requirement to implement this statement is high. Until now, no randomised controlled trial investigated if medical students benefit from their engagement in the BLS-education of school children regarding their later roles as physicians. The objective of the present study is to evaluate if medical students improve their teaching behaviour and CPR-skills by teaching school children in basic life support...
August 27, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419222/strategically-leapfrogging-education-in-prehospital-trauma-management-four-tiered-training-protocols
#17
Rohit Abraham, Dinesh Vyas, Mayur Narayan, Arpita Vyas
Trauma-related injury in fast developing countries are linked to 90% of international mortality rates, which can be greatly reduced by improvements in often non-existent or non-centralized emergency medical systems (EMS)-particularly in the pre-hospital care phase. Traditional trauma training protocols-such as Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS), International Trauma Life Support (ITLS), and Basic Life Support (BLS)-have failed to produce an effective pre-hospital ground force of medical first responders. To overcome these barriers, we propose a new four-tiered set of trauma training protocols: Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) Trauma Training, Acute Trauma Training (ATT), Broad Trauma Training (BTT), and Cardiac and Trauma Training (CTT)...
December 2015: American Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366536/evaluation-of-public-awareness-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-report-of-%C3%A4-zmir
#18
Şule Özbilgin, Mert Akan, Volkan Hancı, Ceren Aygün, Bahar Kuvaki
OBJECTIVE: Early initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by witnesses increases survival after cardiac arrest. In Turkey, our country, it is rare that basic life support (BLS) is initiated by a layperson. In our study, we aimed to use a survey to research awareness, level of knowledge and attitudes of the public to CPR and BLS. METHODS: A 21-question survey was administered to individuals aged ≥18 years on a busy street in a city of a western region of Turkey...
December 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357213/review-article-updated-resuscitation-guidelines-for-2016-a-summary-of-the-australian-and-new-zealand-committee-on-resuscitation-recommendations
#19
REVIEW
Peter Leman, Peter Morley
This review paper summarises the key changes made to the resuscitation guidelines used in Australia and New Zealand. They were released by the Australian and New Zealand Committee on Resuscitation in January 2016. These are local adaptations of the evidence previously published in October 2015 by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR). They are presented across the main working groups in ILCOR: ALS, BLS, paediatrics, neonates, acute coronary syndromes, first aid and 'Education, Implementation and Teams'...
August 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308252/comparison-of-effectiveness-of-class-lecture-versus-workshop-based-teaching-of-basic-life-support-on-acquiring-practice-skills-among-the-health-care-providers
#20
Habib Md Reazaul Karim, Md Yunus, Prithwis Bhattacharyya, Ghazal Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Basic life support (BLS) is an integral part of emergency medical care. Studies have shown poor knowledge of it among health care providers who are usually taught BLS by lecture-based teachings in classes. OBJECTIVES: This study is designed to assess the effectiveness of class lecture versus workshop-based teaching of BLS on acquiring the practice skills on mannequin. METHODS: After ethical approval and informed consent from the participants, the present study was conducted among the health care providers...
April 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
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