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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895080/unusual-cause-of-pleuritic-chest-pain-in-a-child
#1
Georgina Yan, Alastair Littlewood, Mark David Latimer
We present the case of a 5-year-old boy with hereditary multiple exostoses who presented with left-sided pleuritic chest pain. A CT scan of the chest revealed an intrathoracic exostosis in close association with the heart.
November 28, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846455/case-report-of-the-positive-exostosin-1-without-b-cell-lymphoma-2-gene-expression-of-giant-cell-tumor-lesion-in-hereditary-multiple-exostosis
#2
I Gede Eka Wiratnaya, Nyoman Gede Aditya Gitapradita B, I G N Yudhi Setiawan, I Ketut Suyasa, I Ketut Siki Kawiyana, Putu Astawa
INTRODUCTION: The giant cell tumor, in which BCL-2 gene was expressed only in its malignant transformation, is a benign, primary skeletal neoplasm with variable biologic aggressiveness. The is of the giant cell tumor. A coexistence with hereditary multiple exostosis with expression of EXT-1 is very rare. The correlation between giant cell tumor in hereditary multiple exostosis is still not clearly determined. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 31-years-old female presented with pain and lump on her left wrist and a coexistence of non tender multiple lump in the right and left knee...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843870/popliteal-artery-aneurysms-role-of-primary-care-physicians
#3
Saravanan Balachandran, Rajkumar Murugesan, K Jayachander, Suganya Muthukkaruppiah
Popliteal artery aneurysms are the common peripheral artery aneurysm. Aneurysm due to exostosis is rare in occurrence. Here, we present a rare presentation of popliteal artery aneurysm in siblings which was managed by aneurysm excision and revascularization with interposition reversed long saphenous vein graft in one child and follow-up in the other.
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843738/haglund-s-syndrome-a-commonly-seen-mysterious-condition
#4
REVIEW
Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Ahmad Tariq Azizi, Vipul Vijay
Haglund's deformity was first described by Patrick Haglund in 1927. It is also known as retrocalcaneal exostosis, Mulholland deformity, and 'pump bump.' It is a very common clinical condition, but still poorly understood. Haglund's deformity is an abnormality of the bone and soft tissues in the foot. An enlargement of the bony section of the heel (where the Achilles tendon is inserted) triggers this condition. The soft tissue near the back of the heel can become irritated when the large, bony lump rubs against rigid shoes...
October 7, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834109/external-ear-canal-exostosis-and-otitis-media-in-temporal-bones-of-prehistoric-and-historic-chilean-populations-a-paleopathological-and-paleoepidemiological-study
#5
Mario Castro, Marcos Goycoolea, Verónica Silva-Pinto
CONCLUSIONS: External ear canal exostosis is more prevalent in northern coastal groups than in the highlands, suggesting that ocean activities facilitate the appearance of exostosis. However, southern coastal groups exposed to colder ocean water have a lesser incidence of exostosis, possibly due to less duration of exposure. There was a high incidence of otitis media in all groups of native population in Chile. One coastal group had a higher incidence, presumably due to racial factors...
November 11, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804946/-parosteal-osseous-lipoma-of-the-temporal-bone-concurrent-with-involvement-of-the-parotid-salivary-gland
#6
O V Dolzhansky, E M Pal'tseva, D V Bulanov, D N Fedorov
The paper describes a case of parosteal lipoma of the temporal bone, by simultaneously involving the parotid salivary gland. Computed tomography performed in a 48-year-old man showed that in the area of the posterior edge of the glenoid fossa of the right temporal bone there was a massive (1.5×1.7×0.9-cm) exostosis extending down from the skull base. The exostosis was surrounded by a 3.5×3.6×5.3 soft tissue mass that was located in the projection of the right parotid salivary gland with a capsule and minor calcifications...
2016: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795776/-interest-of-imaging-in-tumors-benign-bone-in-children
#7
Ousmane Traoré, Kamilia Chban, Alzavine Fleur Hode, Yaya Diarra, Siham Salam, Lachen Ouzidane
Benign bone tumors are more common than malignant tumors in pediatrics. The exostosis (ostéchondrome) is the most common. The different imaging techniques are pivotal in the study of tumors including its standard radiography. The aim of this work is to highlight the interest in imaging the diagnostic management of bone benign tumors in children through a retrospective study of 169 patients. All patients were investigated by plain radiography, scanner supplement with multiplanar reconstruction before and after injection of PDC and / or MRI 1...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790547/exostosis-bursata-multimodality-imaging-approach
#8
Asik Ali Mohamed Ali, Praveen Sharma, Rujuta Rege, C R Seena, Saveetha Rajesh
Osteochondromas or exostosis are common benign bone tumours, commonly arising from the metaphyseal region of long bones (femur, humerus, tibia). Osteochondroma of the scapula are rare and cause mechanical irritation leading to bursal formation. We hereby report a case of 30-year-old man who presented with painful chest wall swelling and its multimodality approach to establish the diagnosis.
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761218/bilateral-scapulothoracic-osteochondromas-in-a-patient-with-hereditary-multiple-exostosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Markus Rupp, Jendrik Hardes, Michael J Raschke, Adrian Skwara
Hereditary multiple exostosis (HME) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by two or more benign growing, cartilage capped tumors of long bones called osteochondromas. If abnormal growth and clinical symptoms of osteochondromas newly appear in adults, malignant transformation of the usually benign growing tumors should be suspected and diagnostic testing should be initiated. Against the background of hypothesized higher malignant transformation of osteochondromas into chondrosarcoma in individuals with shoulder exostoses, we report a case of bilateral scapulothoracic osteochondromas in a patient suffering from HME...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755370/outcomes-of-drill-canalplasty-in-exostoses-and-osteoma-analysis-of-256-cases-and-literature-review
#10
Golda Grinblat, Sampath Chandra Prasad, Gianluca Piras, Jingchun He, Abdelkader Taibah, Alessandra Russo, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVE: 1) To describe the surgical technique of drill canaplasty for exostosis and osteoma and to evaluate our results. 2) To propose a new grading system for external auditory canal stenosis (EACS). 3) To review the recent literature. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. SETTING: Quarternary referral center for Otology & Skull Base surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two hundred seventeen patients (256 ears) with exostosis or osteoma were included in the study...
December 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644578/efficacy-of-achilles-suture-bridge-technique-for-insertional-achilles-tendinosis-in-an-obese-and-athletic-patient
#11
Kazuaki Mineta, Naoto Suzue, Tetsuya Matsuura, Koichi Sairyo
Here, we report the efficacy of the suture bridge technique for treating insertional Achilles tendinosis in an obese and athletic patient. A 48-year-old man presented to our department with a 6-month history of left posterior heel pain. The patient was an athlete (triathlon) and appeared obese (height: 197 cm, body weight: 120 kg, body mass index: 30.9). A diagnosis of insertional Achilles tendinosis was made. Because 6 months of conservative treatments had failed, we performed open resection of the calcaneal exostosis and Haglund's deformity along with debridement of the degenerative tissue of the tendon...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637275/extra-articular-hip-impingement-due-to-heterotopic-ossification-formation-at-the-anterior-inferior-iliac-spine-following-previous-pelvic-external-fixation
#12
Scott M Sandilands, Brandon L Raudenbush, Dominic S Carreira, Brian J Cross
Femoroacetabular impingements (FAIs), specifically cam type and pincer type, continue to be accepted as causes of intra-articular hip pathology and sources of hip pain. Reports of other causes of hip impingement including extra-articular causes have surfaced recently. One structure of importance is the anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) due to its inconsistent bony morphology and the pull of the rectus femoris muscle putting it at risk for an avulsion fracture. Under certain circumstances, open surgical excision of exostosis formation after an avulsion fracture of the AIIS has been used...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630926/rare-mimickers-of-exostosis-a-case-series
#13
Phani Chakravarty Mutnuru, Lakshmi Manasa Perubhotla
Exophytic growths from bones are a common entity. Osteochondroma is the most common benign exophytic lesion and we tend to diagnose every benign looking exophytic lesion as osteochondroma. Here we reported two entities of cases, one was Nora's lesion and another one was supracondylar process of humerus, both of which were mimickers of osteochondroma and their salient and differentiating features from osteochondromas.
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622256/subungual-exostosis
#14
James D Russell, Kurt Nance, Julia R Nunley, Ian A Maher
Subungual exostosis is an uncommon bony tumor of the distal phalanx most often seen on the hallux. Although this lesion is completely benign, it must be distinguished from a number of other subungual tumors, both benign and malignant. Radiography of the digit is a noninvasive test that should be part of the initial workup whenever subungual exostosis is in the differential diagnosis. Once identified, surgical removal of the exostosis generally is both effective and well tolerated. We present a case of subungual exostosis that was discovered incidentally during a full-body skin examination...
August 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616605/assessing-the-general-population-frequency-of-rare-coding-variants-in-the-ext1-and-ext2-genes-previously-implicated-in-hereditary-multiple-exostoses
#15
Diana L Cousminer, Alexandre Arkader, Benjamin F Voight, Maurizio Pacifici, Struan F A Grant
Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is a rare childhood-onset skeletal disease linked to mutations in exostosin glycosyltransferase 1 (EXT1) or 2 (EXT2). Patients are heterozygous for either an EXT1 or EXT2 mutation, and it is widely assumed that exostosis formation and associated defects, such as growth retardation and skeletal deformities, require loss-of-heterozygosity or a second hit in affected cells. However, the relevance and phenotypic impact of many presumed pathogenic EXT variants remain uncertain...
November 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613499/grip-strength-is-potentially-an-early-indicator-of-age-related-decline-in-mice
#16
Xuan Ge, Anthony Cho, Marcia A Ciol, Christina Pettan-Brewer, Jessica Snyder, Peter Rabinovitch, Warren Ladiges
The hand grip test has been correlated with mobility and physical performance in older people and has been shown to be a long-term predictor of mortality. Implementation of new strategies for enhancing healthy aging and maintaining independent living are dependent on predictable preclinical studies. The mouse is used extensively as a model in these types of studies, and the paw grip strength test is similar to the hand grip test for people in that it assesses the ability to grip a device with the paw, is non-invasive and easy to perform, and provides reproducible information...
2016: Pathobiology of Aging & Age related Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612911/tuberculosis-is-a-mimicker-of-jia-a-rare-case-report
#17
M A Shahin, M I Sultan, M J Alam, A Saeed, A K Azad, M R Choudhury
Cystic tuberculosis of the bone is a rare form of tuberculosis (TB). The condition presents like Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) of children. In children, the lesions symmetrically involve the peripheral skeleton, which are less sclerotic than adults. A case report is presented here where the patient presented with i) the extensive involvement of bones with cystic lesion, ii) Hand & feet involvement with multiple bony exostosis iii) Synovial swelling of multiple joints and 4) fever for 6 months. Swelling of the joints was disproportionately greater than pain...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605694/bone-lengthening-in-the-pediatric-upper-extremity
#18
REVIEW
Sebastian Farr, Gabriel Mindler, Rudolf Ganger, Werner Girsch
➤Bone lengthening has been used successfully for several congenital and acquired conditions in the pediatric clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna, and phalanges.➤Common indications for bone lengthening include achondroplasia, radial longitudinal deficiency, multiple hereditary exostosis, brachymetacarpia, symbrachydactyly, and posttraumatic and postinfectious growth arrest.➤Most authors prefer distraction rates of <1 mm/day for each bone in the upper extremity except the humerus, which can safely be lengthened by 1 mm/day...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602401/langer-giedion-syndrome-a-rare-case-report
#19
Farhin Ali Katge, Bhavesh Dahyabhai Rusawat, Pooja Ravindra Shivasharan, Devendra Pandurang Patil
Langer-Giedion syndrome is a very uncommon autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by the deletion of chromosomal material. It is characterized by multiple bony exostosis, short stature, mental retardation, and typical facial features. The characteristic appearance of individuals includes sparse scalp hair, rounded nose, prominent philtral area and thin upper lip. Some cases with this condition have loose skin in childhood which typically resolves with age. Oral and dental manifestations include micrognathia, retrognathia, hypodontia, and malocclusion based on cephalometric analysis...
September 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517075/extensive-osteochondroma-of-talus-presenting-as-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-report-of-a-case-and-literature-review
#20
Shishir Suranigi, Kanagasabai Rengasamy, Syed Najimudeen, James Gnanadoss
Osteochondroma or exostosis is the most common benign bone tumor, and occurring frequently in the proximal humerus, tibia, and distal femur. It rarely affects talus. Osteochondroma of talus is a very rare etiology of tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS). We report a rare case of extensive osteochondroma of the talus in a 60 year old female presenting with multiple swellings around the ankle and symptoms suggestive of tarsal tunnel syndrome. En-block excision of the multiple masses was done. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of osteochondroma...
June 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
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