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Elevated B12 heart

X Q Liu, H Yan, J X Qiu, C Y Zhang, J G Qi, X Zhang, H J Xiao, Y L Yang, Y H Chen, J B DU
OBJECTIVE: To deepen our understanding of Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) associated pulmonary hypertension (PH) by analyzing the characteristics of clinical presentation, pulmonary high resolusion CT(HRCT), treatment response and gene mutation. METHODS: This study includes 15 cases of pediatric patients with MMA associated PH diagnosed and treated in Peking University First Hospital pediatric department between May 2012 and May 2016 with symptoms of PH as their leading presentation...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
N Wright, L Wilson, M Smith, B Duncan, P McHugh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: There is little randomised evidence using a whole food plant-based (WFPB) diet as intervention for elevated body mass index (BMI) or dyslipidaemia. We investigated the effectiveness of a community-based dietary programme. Primary end points: BMI and cholesterol at 6 months (subsequently extended). SUBJECTS: Ages 35-70, from one general practice in Gisborne, New Zealand. Diagnosed with obesity or overweight and at least one of type 2 diabetes, ischaemic heart disease, hypertension or hypercholesterolaemia...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
Ali Monfared, Seyyede Zeinab Azimi, Ehsan Kazemnezhad
BACKGROUND: Statins improve prognosis in patients with coronary heart diseases by decreasing the incidence of vascular events. Excess prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia, an independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, has been observed in stable renal transplant recipients (RTRs). OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to evaluate the association between atorvastatin administration and plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) levels in RTRs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study in 148 cyclosporine A (CsA) treated stable RTRs...
July 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
J David Spence
Elevated levels of total homocysteine impair endothelial dysfunction and increase thrombosis. Homocysteine is causal in animal models, and in human studies, elevated total homocysteine is significantly associated with carotid atherosclerosis, lacunar infarction, and markedly increased risk of stroke in atrial fibrillation. Because two of the early large trials of B vitamin therapy (Vitamin Intervention for Stroke Prevention and the Norwegian Vitamin Study) did not show any reduction of stroke, and the Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation 2 trial was mistakenly interpreted as not showing a reduction of stroke (because the authors could not think of a biological difference between stroke and myocardial infarction), there has been widespread pessimism regarding treatment to lower total homocysteine for stroke prevention...
October 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
V Murugesan, V K Pulimamidi, M Rajappa, S Satheesh, G Revathy, K T Harichandrakumari
Mitral stenosis (MS) causes stagnation of blood flow, leading to thrombus formation in the left atrium (LA), which may lead to systemic thrombo-embolic complications and stroke. We compared the alterations in echocardiographic and procoagulant parameters in patients with severe rheumatic MS with and without LA thrombus. The study was a cross-sectional study of patients with rheumatic MS, being evaluated for percutaneous mitral commisurotomy. Group 1 patients comprised of patients with rheumatic MS with LA thrombus (n=35) and Group 2 patients had rheumatic MS without LA thrombus (n = 45)...
2015: British Journal of Biomedical Science
Chenggui Liu, Yinzhong Yang, Duanliang Peng, Linong Chen, Jun Luo
OBJECTIVES: To study the associations between hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) and the severity of coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed metabolic parameters, anthropometric variables, and life style habits in 292 CHD patients of different categories, and 100 controlled non-CHD patients with chest pain symptoms who were hospitalized in the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, Chengdu, China between October 2013 and September 2014...
July 2015: Saudi Medical Journal
Gearoid M McMahon, Shih-Jen Hwang, Rikki M Tanner, Paul F Jacques, Jacob Selhub, Paul Muntner, Caroline S Fox
BACKGROUND: Variants in CUBN, the gene encoding cubilin, a proximal tubular transport protein, have been associated with albuminuria and vitamin B12 (B12) deficiency. We hypothesized that low levels of B12 would be associated with albuminuria in a population-based cohort. METHODS: We analyzed participants from the Framingham Heart Study (n = 2965, mean age 58 years, 53% female) who provided samples for plasma B12. Logistic regression models adjusted for covariates including homocysteine were constructed to test the association between B12 and prevalent albuminuria (UACR ≥17 mg/g [men] and ≥25 mg/g [women]) and reduced kidney function (defined as an eGFR < 60 ml/min/1...
February 2, 2015: BMC Nephrology
Arturo J Martí-Carvajal, Ivan Solà, Dimitrios Lathyris
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease, which includes coronary artery disease, stroke and congestive heart failure, is a leading cause of death worldwide. Homocysteine is an amino acid with biological functions in methionine metabolism. A postulated risk factor is an elevated circulating total homocysteine level, which is associated with cardiovascular events. The impact of homocysteine-lowering interventions, given to patients in the form of vitamins B6, B9 or B12 supplements, on cardiovascular events...
January 15, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Cristiana Catena, Gianluca Colussi, Francesca Nait, Frine Capobianco, Leonardo A Sechi
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia and the metabolic syndrome are established cardiovascular risk factors and are frequently associated with hypertension. The relationship of plasma homocysteine (Hcy) with the metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance, however, is debated and studies in hypertensive patients are limited. In this study, we have investigated the association of Hcy with the metabolic syndrome and cerebro- cardiovascular events in hypertension. METHODS: In 562 essential hypertensive patients who underwent accurate assessment of fasting and postload glucose metabolism, insulin sensitivity, and renal function, we measured plasma levels of Hcy, vitamin B12, folate, and fibrinogen and assessed the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and of coronary heart and cerebrovascular disease (CVD)...
July 2015: American Journal of Hypertension
Chirag K Desai, Jennifer Huang, Adil Lokhandwala, Aaron Fernandez, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Joseph S Alpert
The production, sale, and consumption of multiple vitamins is a multibillion-dollar industry. Most Americans take some form of supplement ostensibly for prevention of cardiovascular disease. It has been claimed that vitamin A retards atherogenesis. Vitamin C is an antioxidant and is thought to possibly decrease free radical-induced endothelial injury, which can lead to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Vitamin E has been extensively studied for its possible effects on platelet function as well as inhibition of foam-cell formation...
September 2014: Clinical Cardiology
Amytis Towfighi, Baback Arshi, Daniela Markovic, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have failed to show a benefit of B vitamin therapy in reducing composite outcomes of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke among stroke survivors with elevated total serum homocysteine (tHcy) levels. Recent post hoc analyses have shown that numerous factors including age, baseline tHcy levels, folic acid fortification of grains, B12 status, renal function, comorbidities, and medications may modify the effect of B vitamin therapy on vascular risk in individuals with high tHcy...
2014: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Yuka Sato, Kenjiro Ouchi, Yoshiko Funase, Keishi Yamauchi, Toru Aizawa
Aim of the study was to clarify the relationship between metformin-induced vitamin B12 (B12) deficiency, hyperhomocysteinemia and vascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes. Serum B12 concentrations, homocysteine plasma levels, the presence of retinopathy and history of macroangiopathy (stroke or coronary heart disease) were analyzed in patients without renal dysfunction (serum creatinine<115 μmol/L). Firstly, B12 status was analyzed in 62 consecutive metformin-treated patients. Secondly, the relationship between B12, homocysteine and vascular complications was analyzed in 46 metformin-treated and 38 age- and sex-matched non-metformin-treated patients...
2013: Endocrine Journal
Adele D'Amico, Enrico Bertini
Inborn errors of metabolism may impact on muscle and peripheral nerve. Abnormalities involve mitochondria and other subcellular organelles such as peroxisomes and lysosomes related to the turnover and recycling of cellular compartments. Treatable causes are β-oxidation defects producing progressive neuropathy; pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency, porphyria, or vitamin B12 deficiency causing recurrent episodes of neuropathy or acute motor deficit mimicking Guillain-Barré syndrome. On the other hand, lysosomal (mucopolysaccharidosis, Gaucher and Fabry diseases), mitochondriopathic (mitochondrial or nuclear mutations or mDNA depletion), peroxisomal (adrenomyeloneuropathy, Refsum disease, sterol carrier protein-2 deficiency, cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, α-methylacyl racemase deficiency) diseases are multisystemic disorders involving also the heart, liver, brain, retina, and kidney...
2013: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Over the last 20 years homocysteine has taken on increasing importance as an independent, potentially modifiable risk factor for various forms of vascular disease including peripheral and cerebral vascular disease, coronary heart disease and thrombosis. This association has been ascertained in many retrospective and prospective studies but the strength of risk is not yet firmly established although it is clearly dependent on several modifying factors such as other risk factors, nutrition and genetic polymorphisms...
September 1, 2005: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Xuedong Liu, Ming Shi, Feng Xia, Junliang Han, Zhirong Liu, Bo Wang, Fang Yang, Li Li, Songdi Wu, Ling Wang, Nan Liu, Yali Lv, Gang Zhao
RATIONALE: Epidemiological studies suggest that elevated homocysteine is linked to stroke and heart disease. However, the results of lowering homocysteine levels in reducing the risk of stroke recurrence are controversial. AIMS: The study aims to evaluate whether homocysteine-lowering therapy with folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12 reduces recurrent stroke events and other combined incidence of recurrent vascular events and vascular death in ischemic stroke patients of low folate regions...
February 2015: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Arturo J Martí-Carvajal, Ivan Solà, Dimitrios Lathyris, Despoina-Elvira Karakitsiou, Daniel Simancas-Racines
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (including coronary artery disease, stroke and congestive heart failure), is a leading cause of death worldwide. Homocysteine is an amino acid with biological functions in methionine metabolism. A postulated risk factor is elevated circulating total homocysteine levels, which are associated with cardiovascular events. This is an update of a review previously published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical effectiveness of homocysteine-lowering interventions in people with or without pre-existing cardiovascular disease...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
V Govindaraju, Neelam, C N Manjunath, H Venkataramiah, T R Raghu
There is considerable epidemiological evidence, which confirms the importance of plasma homocysteine as a powerful predictor of future risk of coronary heart disease and other complications of atherosclerosis. Treatment of hyperhomocysteinemia varies with the underlying cause. However, an inexpensive vitamin supplementation with folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin B 6 is generally effective in reducing homocysteine concentrations. Several randomised, controlled trials evaluating the effects of folic acid based supplements on homocysteine concentrations have been conducted over the last decade...
January 2003: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
Bogdan Cylwik, Lech Chrostek
Chronic alcohol abuse leads to malnutrition, and thus to the deficiency of many nutrients, including vitamins and trace elements. Most often comes to the deficiency of all vitamins, however because the clinical implications, the most important is folic acid (vitamin B9) deficiency. Biochemical effect of folate deficiency is elevated homocysteine concentration in the blood, named "cholesterol of XXI. century". In the paper, the folate and homocysteine metabolism in alcohol abuse was discussed. Mechanisms of alcohol action on folate homeostasis in the human body have been indicated...
April 2011: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Arturo J Martí-Carvajal, Ivan Solà, Dimitrios Lathyris, Georgia Salanti
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease such as coronary artery disease, stroke and congestive heart failure, is a leading cause of death worldwide. A postulated risk factor is elevated circulating total homocysteine (tHcy) levels which is influenced mainly by blood levels of cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12), folic acid (vitamin B9) and pyridoxine (vitamin B6). There is uncertainty regarding the strength of association between tHcy and the risk of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical effectiveness of homocysteine-lowering interventions (HLI) in people with or without pre-existing cardiovascular disease...
2009: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
German Kamalov, Joshua P Holewinski, Syamal K Bhattacharya, Robert A Ahokas, Yao Sun, Ivan C Gerling, Karl T Weber
The clinical syndrome congestive heart failure (CHF) has its origins rooted in a salt-avid state mediated largely by effector hormones of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. In recent years, this cardiorenal perspective of CHF has taken on a broader perspective. One which focuses on a progressive systemic illness, whose major features include the presence of oxidative stress in diverse tissues and elevated circulating levels of proinflammatory cytokines coupled with a wasting of soft tissues and bone...
July 2009: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
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