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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871903/perfectionism-burnout-and-motivation-in-dance-a-replication-and-test-of-the-2%C3%A3-2-model-of-perfectionism
#1
Sanna M Nordin-Bates, Thomas D Raedeke, Daniel J Madigan
The relationships between multidimensional perfectionism, burnout, and motivation were examined. In so doing, this study aimed to replicate and extend the study by Cumming and Duda (2012). Ninety-one ballet dancers completed questionnaires assessing the target constructs. Using cluster analysis, four profiles emerged that replicated Cumming and Duda's findings and generally supported Gaudrau and Thompson's 2x2 model of perfectionism. As such, these profiles represented pure personal standards perfectionism, mixed perfectionism, pure evaluative concerns perfectionism, and non-perfectionism...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863718/cross-cultural-validity-of-the-ruminative-responses-scale-in-argentina-and-the-united-states
#2
Fernán G Arana, Kenneth G Rice
Although frequently used in the United States, the Ruminative Response Scale (RRS) has not been extensively studied in cross-cultural samples. The present study evaluated the factor structure of Treynor et al.'s 10-item version of the RRS in samples from Argentina ( N = 308) and the United States ( N = 371). In addition to testing measurement invariance between the countries, we evaluated whether the maladaptive implications of rumination were weaker for the Argentinians than for the U.S. group. Self-critical perfectionism was the criterion in those tests...
September 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833408/suicide-crisis-syndrome-mediates-the-relationship-between-long-term-risk-factors-and-lifetime-suicidal-phenomena
#3
Lisa Janet Cohen, Firouz Ardalan, Zimri Yaseen, Igor Galynker
In recent years, there has been growing attention to the distinction between acute and long-term suicidal risk factors. We have previously characterized an acute, negative affect state, termed the suicide crisis syndrome (SCS), as a marker of near-term suicidal risk. Here, we test whether documented long-term risk factors (i.e., trait vulnerabilities), including perfectionism, impulsivity, chronic substance abuse, insecure attachment, poor social support, and childhood trauma, associate to suicidal phenomena through a pathway of the SCS...
August 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819922/therapeutic-alliance-client-need-for-approval-and-perfectionism-as-differential-moderators-of-response-to-ehealth-and-traditionally-delivered-treatments-for-comorbid-depression-and-substance-use-problems
#4
Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
PURPOSE: This study sought to undertake an exploratory analysis of the impact of therapeutic alliance and dysfunctional attitudes (perfectionism and need for approval) on outcomes for participants receiving therapist-delivered and eHealth interventions for comorbid depression and alcohol/cannabis use problems. These factors have been shown in previous research to moderate response to psychological treatment for depression and related disorders. METHOD: Participants (N = 274) with concurrent depression and alcohol/cannabis misuse were randomized to 10 sessions of therapist-delivered cognitive behavior therapy/motivational interviewing (CBT/MI), computer-delivered CBT/MI with brief therapist assistance (SHADE CBT/MI), or supportive counseling (PCT)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818611/teasing-as-a-risk-factor-for-abnormal-eating-behaviours-a-prospective-study-in-an-adolescent-population
#5
Javier Plumed, Natalia Gimeno, María Barberá, Elías Ruiz, Llanos Conesa, Luis Miguel Rojo-Bofill, Lorenzo Livianos, Luis Rojo
INTRODUCTION: There are discrepancies in the literature about the role of teasing in the onset of eating pathology. This article aims to establish the influence of teasing in abnormal eating behaviors and attitudes in the adolescent population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a two-year prospective study conducted in 7,167 adolescents between 13 and 15 years of age. In a first assessment, teasing about weight and teasing about abilities were measured by means of the POTS...
August 14, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815874/white-matter-alterations-associate-with-onset-symptom-dimension-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#6
Irene Bollettini, Mario Gennaro Mazza, Laura Muzzarelli, Sara Dallaspezia, Sara Poletti, Benedetta Vai, Enrico Smeraldi, Francesco Benedetti
AIM: The high heterogeneity of obsessive-compulsive disorder is best described by a multidimensional model involving symptom dimensions. Our study aimed at investigating white matter alterations associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder focusing on the impact of long lasting effect of symptom dimensions assessed at onset of the illness. Furthermore, we investigate white matter alterations associated with this disorder controlling for the impact of medications and for the prevailing current symptom dimension...
August 16, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815684/cognitive-psychophysiological-treatment-of-bodily-focused-repetitive-behaviors-in-adults-an-open-trial
#7
Kieron O'Connor, Marc Lavoie, Benoît Desaulniers, Jean-Sébastien Audet
BACKGROUND: Body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs), such as hair pulling, skin picking, and nail biting, are repetitive, destructive, and nonfunctional habits that cause significant distress. Separate BFRBs form a cohesive group and could be assessed as part of the Tourette/tic spectrum or obsessive-compulsive spectrum of disorders. The treatment of choice is either antidepressant or behavioral treatment, both of which have shown effectiveness. The cognitive psychophysiological (CoPs) model focuses on the tension and emotional build up that triggers habits by addressing cognitive-behavioral, emotional and psychophysiological processes preceding onset rather than the habit itself...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813360/a-short-review-of-perfectionism-in-sport-dance-and-exercise-out-with-the-old-in-with-the-2%C3%A3-2
#8
REVIEW
Andrew P Hill, Daniel J Madigan
The purpose of the current paper is to review research examining multidimensional perfectionism in sport, dance, and exercise. We start by providing a conceptual overview of perfectionism. We then describe three main approaches to examining perfectionism. These approaches are an independent effects approach, the tripartite model, and the 2×2 model of perfectionism. Alongside the description of each approach, research findings are summarized. We close the paper by explaining how the development of the 2×2 model has likely rendered the tripartite model obsolete...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813331/athlete-burnout-review-and-recommendations
#9
REVIEW
Henrik Gustafsson, J D DeFreese, Daniel J Madigan
Over the last two decades, growing concerns regarding the negative implications of athlete burnout have spurred empirical research on the topic. In their citation network analysis of the burnout literature, Gustafsson et al. (2014), cited well over 100 publications on the syndrome. Despite considerable investigation into athlete burnout, there remain a number of unresolved questions and issues. Four main aims guide the current review. First, we highlight various models of athlete burnout. Second, we discuss the measurement of athlete burnout...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810410/perfectionism-and-adolescent-sleep-quality-the-mediating-role-of-repetitive-negative-thinking
#10
Rong-Mao Lin, Shan-Shan Xie, You-Wei Yan, Yu-Hsin Chen, Wen-Jing Yan
This study explores the mediating effects of repetitive negative thinking in the relationship between perfectionism and adolescent sleep quality. A sample of 1664 Chinese adolescents with a mean age of 15.0 years was recruited, and they completed four measures relating to perfectionism, sleep quality, worry, and rumination. The results showed that maladaptive perfectionism was positively correlated with poor sleep quality in adolescents, which was mediated by both worry and rumination. However, adaptive perfectionism was not significantly associated with adolescent sleep quality, and this relationship was suppressed by rumination (but not worry)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776062/a-mindfulness-practice-for-communication-sciences-and-disorders-undergraduate-and-speech-language-pathology-graduate-students-effects-on-stress-self-compassion-and-perfectionism
#11
Ann R Beck, Heidi Verticchio, Scott Seeman, Emma Milliken, Heidi Schaab
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of a mindfulness practice on participants' levels of self-compassion, perfectionism, attention, and perceived and biological stress. Method: This was a between-groups design. Experimental participants engaged in a short mindfulness practice weekly for one academic semester; control participants did not. All participants completed three self-report scales measuring perceived stress, self-compassion, and perfectionism before and after mindfulness sessions...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762289/there-is-no-performance-there-is-just-this-moment-the-role-of-mindfulness-instruction-in-promoting-health-and-well-being-among-students-at-a-highly-ranked-university-in-the-united-states
#12
Deanna Kerrigan, Victoria Chau, Melissa King, Emily Holman, Alain Joffe, Erica Sibinga
Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has been shown to improve health outcomes across populations. We explored the feasibility, acceptability, and initial effects of a pilot MBSR program at a highly-ranked university in the United States. We conducted 23 in-depth interviews with 13 students. Interviews explored stressors and coping mechanisms, experiences with MBSR, and its reported impact and potential future use. Interviews were analyzed using thematic content and narrative analyses. Results indicated that students are exposed to a very high level of constant stress related to the sheer amount of work and activities that they have and the pervasive surrounding university culture of perfectionism...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759151/the-phenomenology-of-self-critical-thinking-in-people-with-depression-eating-disorders-and-in-healthy-individuals
#13
Graham R Thew, James D Gregory, Kate Roberts, Katharine A Rimes
OBJECTIVES: To explore the phenomenology of self-criticism, and the relationship with constructs such as rumination and perfectionism. DESIGN: The study followed a three-group (Depression, n = 26; Eating Disorder, n = 26; Non-clinical, n = 26) mixed methods design. METHOD: Participants completed a set of questionnaires and were interviewed about the occurrence, impact, and content of self-critical thinking, along with their beliefs about self-criticism...
July 31, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758692/the-impact-of-a-universal-intervention-targeting-perfectionism-in-children-an-exploratory-controlled-trial
#14
Eva J Vekas, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVES: Perfectionism is considered to be an underlying mechanism of relevance to a broad array of indicators of psychological distress. The current research examined the impact of a three-session intervention targeting perfectionism in children on perfectionism, self-criticism, and well-being. DESIGN: The design of the current study can be considered quasi-experimental as the intervention and control classes were not randomly allocated but decided by convenience factors at the school level...
July 31, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748384/the-more-vivid-the-imagination-the-better-the-role-of-the-vividness-of-imagination-in-vasoconstriction-training-and-vasodilatation-training
#15
Julia E Graef, Winfried Rief, Yvonne Nestoriuc, Cornelia Weise
Blood volume pulse biofeedback represents an effective non-pharmacological treatment for migraine. However, the underlying mechanisms of blood volume pulse biofeedback are still unclear. This study investigated the influence of vividness of imagination, private body consciousness, perfectionism, and general self-efficacy on physiological (blood volume pulse amplitude) and psychological (session performance rated by participants and by trainers) success. Changes in skin conductance and skin temperature indicating habituation to training context were examined...
July 26, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745388/suicidal-ideation-and-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#16
Olalla Varela-Besteiro, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Virginia Rodríguez-Vicente, Marta Curet-Santisteban, Gemma Conangla-Roselló, Raquel Cecilia-Costa, Marta Carulla-Roig, Josep L Matalí-Costa, Montserrat Dolz-Abadia
INTRODUCTION: The presence of suicidal thoughts and self-injurious behaviors in patients with eating disorders (ED) is well-known; however, this association is currently not defined empirically. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation and self-harm in adolescents with eating disorders. A second objective is to study the association between self-injurious behavior and suicidal ideation, severity of eating disorder symptoms and symptoms of depression and anxiety, motivation to change and perfectionism...
July 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734118/the-perniciousness-of-perfectionism-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-perfectionism-suicide-relationship
#17
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Samantha Chen, Donald H Saklofske, Christopher Mushquash, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt
OBJECTIVE: Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty about whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism predicted increased suicide ideation, beyond baseline ideation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725291/relationship-between-normal-tension-glaucoma-and-flammer-syndrome
#18
Katarzyna Konieczka, Hyuk Jin Choi, Simone Koch, Franz Fankhauser, Andreas Schoetzau, Dong Myung Kim
BACKGROUND: Besides intraocular pressure, vascular factors play a role in the pathogenesis of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. One of these potential vascular factors is Flammer syndrome. The purpose of the present study was to determine in a Korean population whether signs and symptoms of Flammer syndrome occur more often in normal tension glaucoma patients than in control subjects. METHODS: Two hundred forty-six normal tension glaucoma patients and 1116 control subjects responded to a multiple-choice questionnaire asking about 15 signs and symptoms of Flammer syndrome...
June 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716506/how-to-prevent-burnout-in-cardiologists-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-gaps-and-future-directions
#19
REVIEW
Maria Panagioti, Keith Geraghty, Judith Johnson
Burnout is rising in all physicians, and cardiologists are not an exemption. Cardiology is a very popular specialty among medical students as it is associated with outstanding training standards and high prestige and income. In this review, we critically summarize the evidence on consequences, causes, and evidence-based interventions for burnout with a view toward recommending the best strategies for promoting wellness in cardiologists. Only a handful of studies have examined burnout specifically in cardiologists...
July 4, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710741/eating-disorders-in-musicians-a-survey-investigating-self-reported-eating-disorders-of-musicians
#20
Marianna Evangelia Kapsetaki, Charlie Easmon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) in musicians, and to evaluate their relation to perfectionism, stress, anxiety and depression. METHODS: It examined: (1) the prevalence of EDs using the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), body mass index (BMI) and self-reports, (2) psychological risk factors using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) and perfectionism inventory and (3) demographic details, information about musical and career development, lifestyle, eating habits and health...
July 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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