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Fiona Moir, Jill Yielder, Jasmine Sanson, Yan Chen
Medical students are exposed to multiple factors during their academic and clinical study that have been shown to contribute to high levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. The purpose of this article was to explore the issue of depression in the medical student population, including prevalence, causes, and key issues, along with suggestions for early identification and support from one medical school in New Zealand. After establishing that the prevalence of depression is higher for medical students than the general population, the key issues explored include assessment used in the program, characteristics of the student population (such as Type A personality and perfectionism), resilience, selection procedures, students' motivation, and the nature of the clinical environment...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Tiago Teodoro, Mark J Edwards, Jeremy D Isaacs
BACKGROUND: Functional cognitive disorder (FCD) describes cognitive dysfunction in the absence of an organic cause. It is increasingly prevalent in healthcare settings yet its key neuropsychological features have not been reported in large patient cohorts. We hypothesised that cognitive profiles in fibromyalgia (FM), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and functional neurological disorders (FNDs) would provide a template for characterising FCD. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies with cognition-related outcomes in FM, CFS and FND...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Rachel Campbell, Liesbet Boone, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Bart Soenens
OBJECTIVE: The identification of transdiagnostic risk factors and processes that explain the comorbidity between depressive symptoms and eating disorder symptoms is critical. We examined the mediating role of the frustration of adolescents' psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness in the association between self-critical perfectionism, depressive symptoms and eating disorder symptoms. METHOD: A cross-sectional study (N = 248; 58% female, mean age = 14 years) and a two-wave longitudinal study (N = 608; 59% female; mean age = 16 years) were conducted...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Emanuela Angeli, Sabrina Lueck, Gaetano Domenico Gargiulo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Alexander Rozental, Roz Shafran, Tracey D Wade, Radha Kothari, Sarah J Egan, Linda Ekberg, Maria Wiss, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Shima Shahyad, Shahla Pakdaman, Omid Shokri, Seyed Hassan Saadat
The aim of the present study was to examine the causal relationships between psychological and social factors, being independent variables and body image dissatisfaction plus symptoms of eating disorders as dependent variables through the mediation of social comparison and thin-ideal internalization. To conduct the study, 477 high-school students from Tehran were recruited by method of cluster sampling. Next, they filled out Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES), Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS), Self-Concept Clarity Scale (SCCS), Appearance Perfectionism Scale (APS), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Multidimensional Body Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) and Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-4)...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
Tobey Mandel, David M Dunkley, Maxim Lewkowski, David C Zuroff, Sonia J Lupien, Robert-Paul Juster, N M K Ng Ying Kin, J Elizabeth Foley, Gail Myhr, Ruta Westreich
This study of depressed outpatients (N = 43) examined daily stress-sadness reactivity and the cortisol awakening response (CAR) as moderators of the relationship between self-critical (SC) perfectionism and depression over one year. Participants completed perfectionism measures at baseline (Time 1), daily diaries and salivary sampling six months later (Time 2), and an interviewer-rated depression measure at Time 1, Time 2, and one year after baseline (Time 3). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses of moderator effects demonstrated that patients with higher SC perfectionism and higher levels of daily stress-sadness reactivity (i...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Daniel C Mograbi, Pamela Indelli, Caio A Lage, Vitória Tebyriça, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Katharine A Rimes
Introduction Beliefs about the unacceptability of expression and experience of emotion are present in the general population but seem to be more prevalent in patients with a number of health conditions. Such beliefs, which may be viewed as a form of perfectionism about emotions, may have a deleterious effect on symptomatology as well as on treatment adherence and outcome. Nevertheless, few questionnaires have been developed to measure such beliefs about emotions, and no instrument has been validated in a developing country...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Bernadetta Izydorczyk, Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska
The main aim of the present study was to verify the level of impact of sociocultural appearance standards (passive awareness and active internalization) have on body dissatisfaction, the desire to engage in a relentless pursuit of thinness, the adoption of a perfectionistic attitude toward the body, and the development of a tendency to engage in bulimic eating behavior, which can develop in adolescent girls and women of varying ages. The study group comprised 234 individuals: 95 secondary school girls, 33 high school girls, 56 female students, and 50 employed women, all of whom were living in southern Poland...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Marlena Robakowska, Anna Tyrańska-Fobke, Maciej Walkiewicz, Małgorzata Tartas
BACKGROUND: The goal of this paper is to verify the correlations between adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism and the selected demographic and job characteristics vs. professional burnout among medical laboratory scientists in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 166 laboratory scientists. The Polish Adaptive and Maladaptive Perfectionism Questionnaire (Szczucka) was used for testing perfectionism. The Oldenburg Burnout Inventory was used for examining burnout syndrome...
April 9, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Daniela Kovacevic Pavicic, Marija Kolceg, Vlatka Lajnert, Andrej Pavlic, Martina Brumini, Stjepan Spalj
PURPOSE: To explore the influence of perfectionism on the short-term changes in satisfaction with smile esthetics and quality of life (QoL) induced by tooth whitening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 subjects were analyzed: 30 in the active group, in which the subject's anterior teeth were whitened with a photoactivated gel, and 30 in the placebo group. The Smile Esthetics-Related Quality of Life and Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale questionnaires were administered to all participants...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Giancarlo Dimaggio, Angus MacBeth, Raffaele Popolo, Giampaolo Salvatore, Filippo Perrini, Aigli Raouna, Cemre Su Osam, Luisa Buonocore, Aldea Bandiera, Antonella Montano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some individuals with Personality Disorders (PD), particularly of a non-Borderline type, present with difficulties relating to over-control of cognitions, emotion and behavior, perfectionistic traits, and impaired social interactions. The current study sought to evaluate the strength of association, and interactions of both emotional inhibition and perfectionism in PD's, after controlling for symptoms and interpersonal problems. METHOD: We recruited a sample of 578 treatment seeking outpatients...
May 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
S K Sadri, R A Anderson, P M McEvoy, R T Kane, S J Egan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Daniel J Madigan, Andrew P Hill, Paul A Anstiss, Sarah H Mallinson-Howard, Simon Kumar
Training distress occurs when athletes fail to cope with physiological and psychological stress and can be an early sign of overtraining syndrome. Recent research has found that perfectionism predicts increases in training distress in junior athletes over time. The current study provides the first empirical test of the possibility that coping tendencies mediate the perfectionism-training distress relationship. Adopting a cross-sectional design, 171 junior athletes (mean age = 18.1 years) completed self-report measures of perfectionistic strivings, perfectionistic concerns, problem-focused coping, avoidant coping, and training distress...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Irina G Malkina-Pykh
The study presents the performance of generalized multiplicative model (GMultM) for assessing outcome in psychotherapy. GMultM is a flexible nonlinear regression method which is able to predict the impact of subjects' psychological variables (common factors such as inner directedness, time competence, sociotropy, and perfectionism, locus of control, body dissatisfaction, neuroticism, and alexithymia) as well as their changes on the outcome of psychotherapy. This nonlinear regression model including interaction effects among predictors has a higher explanatory power to predict treatment outcome, compared to any linear model...
April 2018: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
Tom Grice, Kat Alcock, Katrina Scior
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the incidence of lived experience of mental health problems amongst UK-based trainee clinical psychologists and factors associated with anticipated disclosure for trainees both with and without lived experience. METHODS: A web-based survey comprising the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, an adapted version of the Perceived Devaluation and Discrimination Scale, and questions about lived experience and anticipated likelihood of disclosure...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Giorgio A Tasca
Prominent models of eating disorders tend to focus on cognitive and behavioral features, but tend not to consider important developmental issues related to affect regulation, interpersonal style, self concept, and mentalization-all of which are well conceptualized within attachment theory. Higher levels of attachment insecurity across diagnoses are related to greater eating disorder symptoms. Low parental care and early trauma may lead to attachment insecurity that then might lead to greater eating disorder symptoms...
March 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
Edin T Randall, Laura S Gray, Angela A Fletcher
Objective: To use the biopsychosocial model and current literature to clarify conceptual underpinnings between chronic pain and perfectionism in youth, provide recommendations for assessment and treatment of co-existing perfectionism and chronic pain conditions, and suggest a research agenda. Methods: Current literature is used to identify biopsychosocial factors common between pediatric chronic pain and perfectionism, preliminary research findings are presented, and suggestions are made for research that will help inform inclusion and adaptations of assessment tools and interventions to address perfectionism...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Alexandra Sturm, Michelle Rozenman, John C Piacentini, James J McGough, Sandra K Loo, James T McCracken
Predictors of math achievement in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are not well-known. To address this gap in the literature, we examined individual differences in neurocognitive functioning domains on math computation in a cross-sectional sample of youth with ADHD. Gender and anxiety symptoms were explored as potential moderators. The sample consisted of 281 youth (aged 8-15 years) diagnosed with ADHD. Neurocognitive tasks assessed auditory-verbal working memory, visuospatial working memory, and processing speed...
March 20, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Noriko Numata, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Chihiro Sutoh, Daisuke Matsuzawa, Kotaro Takeda, Rikukage Setsu, Eiji Shimizu, Michiko Nakazato
PURPOSE: This study sought to identify the prefrontal cortex hemodynamic response that is dependent on cognitive performance in patients with bulimic disorders (BD), and investigate its association with personality characteristics. METHODS: Nineteen female patients with BD and 23 healthy women were recruited. Their personality characteristics related to eating disorders were examined using a self-reporting questionnaire, namely the eating disorder inventory-2 (EDI-2)...
March 20, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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