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Perfectionism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345535/coping-styles-mediate-perfectionism-associations-with-depression-among-undergraduate-students
#1
Abbas Abdollahi, Simin Hosseinian, Gordon J G Asmundson
To better understand depression among adolescent university students, this study was designed to examine coping style as a potential mediator between perfectionism and depression. Participants comprised 510 undergraduate students from Malaysia. Structural Equation Modelling demonstrated that personal standards perfectionism and task-focused coping style were negatively associated with depression, while emotion-focused coping style, avoidant coping style, and evaluative concerns perfectionism were positively associated with depression...
January 18, 2018: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318711/risk-factors-for-eating-disorder-psychopathology-within-the-treatment-seeking-transgender-population-the-role-of-cross-sex-hormone-treatment
#2
Bethany Alice Jones, Emma Haycraft, Walter Pierre Bouman, Nicola Brewin, Laurence Claes, Jon Arcelus
Many transgender people experience high levels of body dissatisfaction, which is one of the numerous factors known to increase vulnerability to eating disorder symptoms in the cisgender (non-trans) population. Cross-sex hormones can alleviate body dissatisfaction so might also alleviate eating disorder symptoms. This study aimed to explore risk factors for eating disorder symptoms in transgender people and the role of cross-sex hormones. Individuals assessed at a national transgender health service were invited to participate (N = 563)...
January 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315750/an-examination-of-social-comparison-and-suicide-ideation-through-the-lens-of-the-integrated-motivational-volitional-model-of-suicidal-behavior
#3
Karen Wetherall, Kathryn A Robb, Rory C O'Connor
We aimed to investigate whether negative social comparisons are associated with key components of the integrated motivational-volitional (IMV) model of suicidal behavior. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between negative social comparisons, suicide ideation, defeat, entrapment, socially prescribed perfectionism, and resilience. Adult participants (N = 422) completed an online survey comprised of a range of psychological measures. An initial regression analysis indicated that negative social comparisons were associated with suicide ideation...
January 6, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310454/determinants-of-representational-and-behavioral-hyperactivity-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#4
Jacques Grisart, Nathalie Scaillet, Marie Michaux, Etienne Masquelier, Carole Fantini, Olivier Luminet
Fibromyalgia is associated with a premorbid hyperactivity. This study examines how contextual and personality factors contribute to premorbid hyperactivity. A total of 45 patients completed questionnaires. The results show that the number of children and the basic bodily needs neglect (and their interaction) explain nearly 50 percent of the variance of hyperactivity. The neglect toward bodily needs completely mediates the relation between self-oriented perfectionism and hyperactivity. This study suggests that hyperactivity itself would not have a pathological value, but that the neglect of basic bodily needs would represent a vulnerability factor in a hyperactive premorbid lifestyle in fibromyalgia patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283599/perfectionism-is-increasing-over-time-a-meta-analysis-of-birth-cohort-differences-from-1989-to-2016
#5
Thomas Curran, Andrew P Hill
From the 1980s onward, neoliberal governance in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom has emphasized competitive individualism and people have seemingly responded, in kind, by agitating to perfect themselves and their lifestyles. In this study, the authors examine whether cultural changes have coincided with an increase in multidimensional perfectionism in college students over the last 27 years. Their analyses are based on 164 samples and 41,641 American, Canadian, and British college students, who completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Hewitt & Flett, 1991) between 1989 and 2016 (70...
December 28, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251780/exploring-the-link-between-perfectionism-and-depressive-symptoms-contribution-of-rumination-and-defense-styles
#6
Carmen Senra, Hipólito Merino, Fátima Ferreiro
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the mediating and moderating roles of emotion-focused coping strategies (rumination and immature defenses) in the relationship between perfectionism and depressive symptoms in a Spanish community sample. METHOD: 438 participants (67.4% female; mean age = 36.94 years) completed self-reports assessing perfectionism, rumination, immature defenses and depression. Multiple mediation, moderation and moderated mediation analyses were conducted...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248510/feeling-the-pressure-to-be-perfect-impact-on-pain-related-distress-and-dysfunction-in-youth-with-chronic-pain
#7
Edin T Randall, Kelly R Smith, Corey A Kronman, Caitlin Conroy, Allison M Smith, Laura E Simons
Despite clinical observation of perfectionistic tendencies among youth with chronic pain and their parents as well as established relationships between perfectionism and functional somatic symptoms in adults and youth, no research in the pediatric pain literature has examined perfectionism. This study explored the role of various types of youth and parent perfectionism on youth and parent pain-related distress and behavior and youth pain-related dysfunction. At admission, 239 parent-child pairs from outpatient and day-treatment rehabilitation settings completed several questionnaires assessing perfectionism, pain-related distress, and pain-related dysfunction...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237338/client-perfectionism-and-psychological-symptoms-throughout-psychotherapy
#8
Clarissa M E Richardson, Kenneth G Rice, Eric M Sauer, Kristin E Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Given the psychological issues experienced by individuals high in perfectionistic concerns (maladaptive perfectionism), or a feeling as if one is never good enough, and discrepancies in the literature as to whether these individuals experience benefits from therapy, it is imperative that research examine whether perfectionism actually improves throughout therapy. The current study improves upon past research by examining changes in perfectionism (both perfectionistic concerns and strivings) throughout therapy, rather than simply measuring perfectionism at pre- and post-therapy...
December 13, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233177/influences-of-perfectionism-and-motivational-climate-on-attitudes-towards-doping-among-korean-national-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Moonjung Bae, Jungjoong Yoon, Hyunyong Kang, Taegyu Kim
BACKGROUND: The motives for elite athletes to dope are related primarily to maintaining and improving their physical performance. Especially, elite athletes training to compete in the Olympics may feel unique situational pressure, which may in turn induce powerful motivation for doping and predict doping behavior. This study aimed to investigate possible factors associated with attitudes towards doping in Korean national athletes who competed in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. METHODS: A total of 198 athletes (95 female, 103 male) completed the questionnaire, which covered demographic information, doping-related experiences, Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS), Perfectionism in Sports Scale (PSS; coach's criticism, concern over mistakes, and personal standards), and Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2; ego-involving and task-involving climates)...
December 12, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216747/factor-structure-and-further-validation-of-the-20-item-short-form-of-the-obsessive-beliefs-questionnaire
#10
Thomas A Fergus, Shawn J Latendresse, Kevin D Wu
A 44-item version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) put forward by the Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group remains the most widely used version of the OBQ, despite research casting doubt on its factorial validity and the existence of a short form (i.e., OBQ-20). In a large sample of undergraduate students ( n = 1,210), a bifactor model of the OBQ-20, consisting of a general factor and four specific factors (threat, responsibility, importance/control of thoughts, perfectionism/certainty), was supported as the best-fitting model...
December 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215903/clinician-ratings-of-vulnerable-and-grandiose-narcissistic-features-implications-for-an-expanded-narcissistic-personality-disorder-diagnosis
#11
Kasey Stanton, Mark Zimmerman
Conceptualizations of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) have been criticized for focusing too exclusively on grandiose narcissistic traits (e.g., exploitativeness and entitlement) and failing to capture vulnerable narcissistic features (e.g., feelings of inadequacy). We extended prior grandiose and vulnerable narcissism research by examining the degree to which clinician ratings of traits related to grandiosity overlapped with traits related to vulnerability in a large sample of adult outpatients (N = 2,149)...
December 7, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202385/sensory-over-responsivity-in-trichotillomania-hair-pulling-disorder
#12
Martha J Falkenstein, Christine A Conelea, Lauryn E Garner, David A F Haaga
OBJECTIVE: This study was an initial investigation of sensory-over responsivity (SOR) to external sensations among individuals with trichotillomania (TTM). METHODS: Adults endorsing DSM-5 TTM criteria (N = 609) and a non-affected comparison sample (N = 268) completed a self-report survey. RESULTS: The majority of the TTM group endorsed SOR symptoms; three-quarters endorsed at least mild tactile and auditory SOR. About 15% endorsed SOR symptoms in the severe to extreme range...
November 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132334/is-perfect-good-dimensions-of-perfectionism-in-newly-admitted-medical-students
#13
Helen Seeliger, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Society expects physicians to perform perfectly but high levels of perfectionism are associated with symptoms of distress in medical students. This study investigated whether medical students admitted to medical school by different selection criteria differ in the occurrence of perfectionism. METHODS: Newly enrolled undergraduate medical students (n = 358) filled out the following instruments: Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-H), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-F), Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117710/psychometric-properties-of-the-frost-multidimensional-perfectionism-scale-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents
#14
Aurora Gavino, Raquel Nogueira, Lucía Pérez-Costillas, Antonio Godoy
The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS) is one of the most used instruments to assess perfectionism. The FMPS assesses six dimensions: Concern over Mistakes (CM), Parental Expectations (EP), Parental Criticism (PC), Doubts about Actions (DA), Organization (OR), and Personal Standards (PS). CM, PE, PC, and DA are facets of a more general dimension considered Maladaptive Perfectionism. PS is frequently considered Adaptive Perfectionism. FMPS psychometric properties have been studied in adults but scarcely in children...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098468/measuring-perfectionism-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-mental-health-literature
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Leone, Tracey D Wade
The adverse consequences of perfectionism in the lives of youth (children and adolescents) are now widely recognised, including impact on mental health and general well-being. In order to develop interventions to prevent and treat perfectionism and promote resilience for children, rigorous testing and examination of theoretical models is needed as well as having access to valid and reliable assessment tools. The aim of the current literature review was to examine the validity and reliability of the measures currently being used to measure perfectionism in children under the age of 15...
November 2, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069974/body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-its-associated-psychological-and-psychopathological-features-in-an-italian-community-sample
#16
Silvia Cerea, Gioia Bottesi, Jessica R Grisham, Marta Ghisi
OBJECTIVE: Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by preoccupation with perceived defects in physical appearance that are not observable or appear slight to others, along with low self-esteem, high perfectionism, and high comorbidity. Little is known about BDD prevalence and phenomenology in the Italian context, and no data are currently available on BDD prevalence using DSM-5 criteria in the Italian context. The aims of the current study were to explore the prevalence and the phenomenology of BDD and its associated psychological and psychopathological features such as self-esteem, perfectionistic traits, social anxiety, depressive, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a community sample...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068821/who-am-i-and-who-do-i-strive-to-be-applying-a-theory-of-self-conscious-emotions-to-medical-education
#17
William E Bynum, Anthony R Artino
The self-conscious emotions of shame, guilt, and pride are a distinct set of cognitively complex, powerful, and ubiquitous emotions that arise when an individual engages in self-evaluation. Currently, little is known about the influence or outcomes of self-conscious emotions in medical learners. In this article, the authors present a leading theory of self-conscious emotions that outlines the appraisals and attributions that give rise to and differentiate shame, guilt, and two forms of pride. The authors then apply the theory to three relevant topics in medical education: perfectionism, professional identity formation, and motivation...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066983/fit-to-perform-an-investigation-of-higher-education-music-students-perceptions-attitudes-and-behaviors-toward-health
#18
Liliana S Araújo, David Wasley, Rosie Perkins, Louise Atkins, Emma Redding, Jane Ginsborg, Aaron Williamon
Making music at the highest international standards can be rewarding, but it is also challenging, with research highlighting pernicious ways in which practicing and performing can affect performers' health and wellbeing. Several studies indicate that music students' perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors toward health and healthy living are less than optimal, especially considering the multiple physical and psychological demands of their day-to-day work. This article presents the results of a comprehensive screening protocol that investigated lifestyle and health-related attitudes and behaviors among 483 undergraduate and postgraduate students (mean age = 21...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057604/perfectionism-group-treatment-for-eating-disorders-in-an-inpatient-partial-hospitalization-and-outpatient-setting
#19
Cheri A Levinson, Leigh C Brosof, Irina A Vanzhula, Laura Bumberry, Stephanie Zerwas, Cynthia M Bulik
Perfectionism is elevated in individuals with eating disorders and is posited to be a risk factor, maintaining factor, and treatment barrier. However, there has been little literature testing the feasibility and effectiveness of perfectionism interventions in individuals specifically with eating disorders in an open group format. In the current study, we tested the feasibility of (a) a short cognitive behavioural therapy for perfectionism intervention delivered in an inpatient, partial hospitalization, and outpatient for eating disorders setting (combined N = 28; inpatient n = 15; partial hospital n = 9; outpatient n = 4), as well as (b) a training for disseminating the treatment in these settings (N = 9)...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048198/autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-interpersonal-therapy-for-depression-between-therapists-and-within-therapist-effects
#20
David C Zuroff, Carolina McBride, Paula Ravitz, Richard Koestner, D S Moskowitz, R Michael Bagby
Differences between therapists in the average outcomes their patients achieve are well documented, and researchers have begun to try to explain such differences (Baldwin & Imel, 2013). Guided by Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), we examined the effects on outcome of differences between therapists in their patients' average levels of autonomous and controlled motivation for treatment, as well as the effects of differences among the patients within each therapist's caseload. Between and within-therapist differences in the SDT construct of perceived relational support were explored as predictors of patients' motivation...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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