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Perfectionism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132334/is-perfect-good-dimensions-of-perfectionism-in-newly-admitted-medical-students
#1
Helen Seeliger, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Society expects physicians to perform perfectly but high levels of perfectionism are associated with symptoms of distress in medical students. This study investigated whether medical students admitted to medical school by different selection criteria differ in the occurrence of perfectionism. METHODS: Newly enrolled undergraduate medical students (n = 358) filled out the following instruments: Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-H), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-F), Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117710/psychometric-properties-of-the-frost-multidimensional-perfectionism-scale-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents
#2
Aurora Gavino, Raquel Nogueira, Lucía Pérez-Costillas, Antonio Godoy
The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS) is one of the most used instruments to assess perfectionism. The FMPS assesses six dimensions: Concern over Mistakes (CM), Parental Expectations (EP), Parental Criticism (PC), Doubts about Actions (DA), Organization (OR), and Personal Standards (PS). CM, PE, PC, and DA are facets of a more general dimension considered Maladaptive Perfectionism. PS is frequently considered Adaptive Perfectionism. FMPS psychometric properties have been studied in adults but scarcely in children...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098468/measuring-perfectionism-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-mental-health-literature
#3
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Leone, Tracey D Wade
The adverse consequences of perfectionism in the lives of youth (children and adolescents) are now widely recognised, including impact on mental health and general well-being. In order to develop interventions to prevent and treat perfectionism and promote resilience for children, rigorous testing and examination of theoretical models is needed as well as having access to valid and reliable assessment tools. The aim of the current literature review was to examine the validity and reliability of the measures currently being used to measure perfectionism in children under the age of 15...
November 2, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069974/body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-its-associated-psychological-and-psychopathological-features-in-an-italian-community-sample
#4
Silvia Cerea, Gioia Bottesi, Jessica R Grisham, Marta Ghisi
OBJECTIVE: Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by preoccupation with perceived defects in physical appearance that are not observable or appear slight to others, along with low self-esteem, high perfectionism, and high comorbidity. Little is known about BDD prevalence and phenomenology in the Italian context, and no data are currently available on BDD prevalence using DSM-5 criteria in the Italian context. The aims of the current study were to explore the prevalence and the phenomenology of BDD and its associated psychological and psychopathological features such as self-esteem, perfectionistic traits, social anxiety, depressive, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a community sample...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068821/who-am-i-and-who-do-i-strive-to-be-applying-a-theory-of-self-conscious-emotions-to-medical-education
#5
William E Bynum, Anthony R Artino
The self-conscious emotions of shame, guilt, and pride are a distinct set of cognitively complex, powerful, and ubiquitous emotions that arise when an individual engages in self-evaluation. Currently, little is known about the influence or outcomes of self-conscious emotions in medical learners. In this article, the authors present a leading theory of self-conscious emotions that outlines the appraisals and attributions that give rise to and differentiate shame, guilt, and two forms of pride. The authors then apply the theory to three relevant topics in medical education: perfectionism, professional identity formation, and motivation...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066983/fit-to-perform-an-investigation-of-higher-education-music-students-perceptions-attitudes-and-behaviors-toward-health
#6
Liliana S Araújo, David Wasley, Rosie Perkins, Louise Atkins, Emma Redding, Jane Ginsborg, Aaron Williamon
Making music at the highest international standards can be rewarding, but it is also challenging, with research highlighting pernicious ways in which practicing and performing can affect performers' health and wellbeing. Several studies indicate that music students' perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors toward health and healthy living are less than optimal, especially considering the multiple physical and psychological demands of their day-to-day work. This article presents the results of a comprehensive screening protocol that investigated lifestyle and health-related attitudes and behaviors among 483 undergraduate and postgraduate students (mean age = 21...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057604/perfectionism-group-treatment-for-eating-disorders-in-an-inpatient-partial-hospitalization-and-outpatient-setting
#7
Cheri A Levinson, Leigh C Brosof, Irina A Vanzhula, Laura Bumberry, Stephanie Zerwas, Cynthia M Bulik
Perfectionism is elevated in individuals with eating disorders and is posited to be a risk factor, maintaining factor, and treatment barrier. However, there has been little literature testing the feasibility and effectiveness of perfectionism interventions in individuals specifically with eating disorders in an open group format. In the current study, we tested the feasibility of (a) a short cognitive behavioural therapy for perfectionism intervention delivered in an inpatient, partial hospitalization, and outpatient for eating disorders setting (combined N = 28; inpatient n = 15; partial hospital n = 9; outpatient n = 4), as well as (b) a training for disseminating the treatment in these settings (N = 9)...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048198/autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-interpersonal-therapy-for-depression-between-therapists-and-within-therapist-effects
#8
David C Zuroff, Carolina McBride, Paula Ravitz, Richard Koestner, D S Moskowitz, R Michael Bagby
Differences between therapists in the average outcomes their patients achieve are well documented, and researchers have begun to try to explain such differences (Baldwin & Imel, 2013). Guided by Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), we examined the effects on outcome of differences between therapists in their patients' average levels of autonomous and controlled motivation for treatment, as well as the effects of differences among the patients within each therapist's caseload. Between and within-therapist differences in the SDT construct of perceived relational support were explored as predictors of patients' motivation...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024130/continuity-between-dsm-5-section-ii-and-section-iii-personality-traits-for-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder
#9
Jacqueline Liggett, Martin Sellbom, Bo Bach
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is formally operationalized in Section II of the DSM-5 by a heterogeneous collection of 8 categorical criteria. Section III contains an alternative model operationalizing personality disorders via dimensional personality traits and associated impairment. The extent to which the personality traits used to define OCPD in Section III correspond with the Section II operationalization of the disorder is contested. The current study aims to contribute to the evidence base necessary to solidify the optimal trait profile for this disorder via a more fine-tuned examination of OCPD...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022221/eating-disorder-symptoms-and-the-2%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-2-model-of-perfectionism-mixed-perfectionism-is-the-most-maladaptive-combination
#10
Rita Maria Esposito, Joachim Stoeber, Lavinia E Damian, Guido Alessandri, Caterina Lombardo
PURPOSE: The 2 × 2 model of perfectionism (Gaudreau and Thompson in Personal Individ Diff 48:532-537, 2010) represents an important addition to the perfectionism literature, but so far has not been studied in relation with disordered eating. METHOD: Using the 2 × 2 model as analytic framework, this study examined responses from a convenience sample of 716 participants aged 19-68 years (71% female) investigating how self-oriented perfectionism (SOP) and socially prescribed perfectionism (SPP) predicted individual differences in eating disorder symptoms, additionally controlling for body mass index, gender, and age...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992830/perfectionism-and-polysomnography-determined-markers-of-poor-sleep
#11
Anna F Johann, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Simon D Kyle, Chiara Baglioni, Bernd Feige, Christoph Nissen, Dieter Riemann, Kai Spiegelhalder
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Perfectionism has been suggested to represent a predisposing factor for poor sleep. However, previous studies have relied on self-reported measures. The association between perfectionism and poor sleep measured by polysomnography (PSG) warrants further investigation. METHODS: The current retrospective exploratory study used the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale and PSG in an unselected sample of 334 consecutive sleep laboratory patients (140 males, 194 females, 44...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984151/testing-the-2%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-2-model-of-perfectionism-in-ecuadorian-adolescent-population
#12
María Vicent, Cándido J Inglés, Carolina Gonzálvez, Ricardo Sanmartín, Virginia Narcisa Ortega-Sandoval, José Manuel García-Fernández
This study aimed to test the 2 × 2 model of dispositional perfectionism in an Ecuadorian sample of 1562 students aged between 12 and 17 years ( M = 14.83 years, standard deviation  = 1.86 years). The Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale and the brief 21-item version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales were used. Cluster analysis revealed four profiles: Pure Self-Oriented Perfectionism, Pure Socially Prescribed Perfectionism, Mixed Perfectionism, and Non-perfectionism. Mixed Perfectionism and Non-perfectionism obtained, respectively, the highest and lowest scores in anxiety, depression, and stress...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983840/does-perfectionism-in-bipolar-disorder-pedigrees-mediate-associations-between-anxiety-stress-and-mood-symptoms
#13
Justine Corry, Melissa Green, Gloria Roberts, Janice M Fullerton, Peter R Schofield, Philip B Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) and the anxiety disorders are highly comorbid. The present study sought to examine perfectionism and goal attainment values as potential mechanisms of known associations between anxiety, stress and BD symptomatology. Measures of perfectionism and goal attainment values were administered to 269 members of BD pedigrees, alongside measures of anxiety and stress, and BD mood symptoms. Regression analyses were used to determine whether perfectionism and goal attainment values were related to depressive and (hypo)manic symptoms; planned mediation models were then used to test the potential for perfectionism to mediate associations between anxiety/stress and BD symptoms...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980487/are-perfectionism-dimensions-risk-factors-for-anxiety-symptoms-a-meta-analysis-of-11-longitudinal-studies
#14
Martin M Smith, Vanja Vidovic, Simon B Sherry, Sherry H Stewart, Donald H Saklofske
BACKGROUND: Over 50 years of theory and research implicates perfectionism in anxiety. However, it is unclear which (if any) perfectionism dimensions are risk factors for anxiety. OBJECTIVE: To address this, we conducted a meta-analysis testing whether socially prescribed perfectionism, concern over mistakes, doubts about actions, self-oriented perfectionism, and personal standards predict increases in anxiety. METHOD: Our literature search yielded 11 relevant studies for inclusion, composed of children, adolescents, undergraduates, community adults, and psychiatric patients...
October 5, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871903/perfectionism-burnout-and-motivation-in-dance-a-replication-and-test-of-the-2%C3%A3-2-model-of-perfectionism
#15
Sanna M Nordin-Bates, Thomas D Raedeke, Daniel J Madigan
The relationships between multidimensional perfectionism, burnout, and motivation were examined. In so doing, this study aimed to replicate and extend the study by Cumming and Duda (2012). Ninety-one ballet dancers completed questionnaires assessing the target constructs. Using cluster analysis, four profiles emerged that replicated Cumming and Duda's findings and generally supported Gaudrau and Thompson's 2x2 model of perfectionism. As such, these profiles represented pure personal standards perfectionism, mixed perfectionism, pure evaluative concerns perfectionism, and non-perfectionism...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863718/cross-cultural-validity-of-the-ruminative-responses-scale-in-argentina-and-the-united-states
#16
Fernán G Arana, Kenneth G Rice
Although frequently used in the United States, the Ruminative Response Scale (RRS) has not been extensively studied in cross-cultural samples. The present study evaluated the factor structure of Treynor et al.'s 10-item version of the RRS in samples from Argentina ( N = 308) and the United States ( N = 371). In addition to testing measurement invariance between the countries, we evaluated whether the maladaptive implications of rumination were weaker for the Argentinians than for the U.S. group. Self-critical perfectionism was the criterion in those tests...
September 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833408/suicide-crisis-syndrome-mediates-the-relationship-between-long-term-risk-factors-and-lifetime-suicidal-phenomena
#17
Lisa Janet Cohen, Firouz Ardalan, Zimri Yaseen, Igor Galynker
In recent years, there has been growing attention to the distinction between acute and long-term suicidal risk factors. We have previously characterized an acute, negative affect state, termed the suicide crisis syndrome (SCS), as a marker of near-term suicidal risk. Here, we test whether documented long-term risk factors (i.e., trait vulnerabilities), including perfectionism, impulsivity, chronic substance abuse, insecure attachment, poor social support, and childhood trauma, associate to suicidal phenomena through a pathway of the SCS...
August 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819922/therapeutic-alliance-client-need-for-approval-and-perfectionism-as-differential-moderators-of-response-to-ehealth-and-traditionally-delivered-treatments-for-comorbid-depression-and-substance-use-problems
#18
Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
PURPOSE: This study sought to undertake an exploratory analysis of the impact of therapeutic alliance and dysfunctional attitudes (perfectionism and need for approval) on outcomes for participants receiving therapist-delivered and eHealth interventions for comorbid depression and alcohol/cannabis use problems. These factors have been shown in previous research to moderate response to psychological treatment for depression and related disorders. METHOD: Participants (N = 274) with concurrent depression and alcohol/cannabis misuse were randomized to 10 sessions of therapist-delivered cognitive behavior therapy/motivational interviewing (CBT/MI), computer-delivered CBT/MI with brief therapist assistance (SHADE CBT/MI), or supportive counseling (PCT)...
October 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818611/teasing-as-a-risk-factor-for-abnormal-eating-behaviours-a-prospective-study-in-an-adolescent-population
#19
Javier Plumed, Natalia Gimeno, María Barberá, Elías Ruiz, Llanos Conesa, Luis Miguel Rojo-Bofill, Lorenzo Livianos, Luis Rojo
INTRODUCTION: There are discrepancies in the literature about the role of teasing in the onset of eating pathology. This article aims to establish the influence of teasing in abnormal eating behaviors and attitudes in the adolescent population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a two-year prospective study conducted in 7,167 adolescents between 13 and 15 years of age. In a first assessment, teasing about weight and teasing about abilities were measured by means of the POTS...
August 14, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815874/white-matter-alterations-associate-with-onset-symptom-dimension-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#20
Irene Bollettini, Mario G Mazza, Laura Muzzarelli, Sara Dallaspezia, Sara Poletti, Benedetta Vai, Enrico Smeraldi, Francesco Benedetti
AIM: The high heterogeneity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is best described by a multidimensional model involving symptom dimensions. We aimed to investigate white matter alterations associated with OCD, focusing on the impact of long-lasting effect of symptom dimensions assessed at onset of illness. Furthermore, we investigated white matter alterations associated with this disorder, controlling for the impact of medications and for the prevailing current symptom dimension. METHODS: We studied 58 patients affected by OCD and 58 age- and sex-matched healthy controls...
August 16, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
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