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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435339/compulsive-exercise-links-risks-and-challenges-facedent
#1
REVIEW
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Bolette Emborg, Freja Thomsen, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen
Compulsive exercise is a condition described since 1970s. It is characterized by a craving for physical training, resulting in uncontrollable excessive exercise behavior with harmful consequences, such as injuries and impaired social relations. It has not been accepted as a mental disorder in either International Classification of Diseases or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The aim of this literature review was to critically examine the research on links (comorbidity), risks (negative consequences), and challenges faced (problems in a treatment context)...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421473/personality-emotion-related-variables-and-media-pressure-predict-eating-disorders-via-disordered-eating-in-lebanese-university-students
#2
Maria Jose Sanchez-Ruiz, Claire El-Jor, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maya Bassil, Nadine Zeeni
PURPOSE: Disordered eating behaviors are on the rise among youth. The present study investigates psychosocial and weight-related variables as predictors of eating disorders (ED) through disordered eating (DE) dimensions (namely restrained, external, and emotional eating) in Lebanese university students. METHODS: The sample consisted of 244 undergraduates (143 female) aged from 18 to 31 years (M = 20.06; SD = 1.67). Using path analysis, two statistical models were built separately with restrained and emotional eating as dependent variables, and all possible direct and indirect pathways were tested for mediating effects...
April 18, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407155/benefits-of-being-a-healthy-perfectionist-examining-profiles-in-relation-to-nurses-well-being
#3
Yuhsuan Chang
The aim of the current study was to examine perfectionism in relation to burn-out and depressive symptoms in nurses. The sample comprised 581 nurses from various medical units in several regional hospitals in Taiwan. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey, and Almost Perfect Scale-Revised were used to assess depressive symptoms, burnout, and perfectionism. Response data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, Pearson's product-moment correlation, cluster analysis, and one-way analysis of variance...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397103/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-maladaptive-perfectionism-in-medical-students-a-preliminary-investigation
#4
Suma P Chand, John T Chibnall, Stuart J Slavin
OBJECTIVES: Maladaptive perfectionism is associated with psychological distress and psychopathology. Medical students have been found to be particularly prone to maladaptive perfectionism. Recent research has indicated that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) that targets unhealthy perfectionism leads to reductions in perfectionism and related distress. This preliminary investigation aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a CBT program directed at medical students who had significant levels of maladaptive perfectionism...
April 10, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392917/now-you-see-it-now-you-don-t-compulsive-exercise-in-adolescents-with-an-eating-disorder
#5
Johanna Levallius, Christina Collin, Andreas Birgegård
BACKGROUND: Compulsive exercise (CE) has been proposed as significant in the etiology, development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs), resulting in more severe and enduring pathology. However, few studies have investigated CE longitudinally in adolescents with EDs. We aimed to test if adolescents show the same associations between CE and other clinical variables as previous research has found in adults. METHODS: Three thousand one hundred sixteen girls and 139 boys from a clinical ED database were investigated regarding prevalence and frequency of CE and its relation to psychiatric symptoms, associated features and outcome...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392830/psychometric-properties-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-japanese-adolescents
#6
Tomoyo Mitsui, Toshiyuki Yoshida, Gen Komaki
BACKGROUND: Although the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire version 6.0 (EDE-Q) is one of the most widely used questionnaires for eating disorders in Western countries, no research has addressed the psychometric properties of the EDE-Q in a Japanese sample. METHODS: We explored the factor structure of the EDE-Q and examined the internal consistency of the derived scales for Japanese participants (Study I), the convergent validity with other eating disorder-related psychological measures (Study II) and the distinction between the derived two body image-related factors with psychological measures (StudyIII)...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390500/perfectionism-and-contingent-self-worth-in-relation-to-disordered-eating-and-anxiety
#7
Anna M Bardone-Cone, Stacy L Lin, Rachel M Butler
Perfectionism has been proposed as a transdiagnostic risk factor linked to eating disorders and anxiety. In the current study, we examine domains of contingent self-worth as potential moderators of the relationships between maladaptive perfectionism and disordered eating and anxiety using two waves of data collection. Undergraduate females (N = 237) completed online surveys of the study's core constructs at two points separated by about 14 months. At a bivariate level, maladaptive perfectionism was positively associated with disordered eating and anxiety...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390498/daily-stress-coping-and-negative-and-positive-affect-in-depression-complex-trigger-and-maintenance-patterns
#8
David M Dunkley, Maxim Lewkowski, Ihno A Lee, Kristopher J Preacher, David C Zuroff, Jody-Lynn Berg, J Elizabeth Foley, Gail Myhr, Ruta Westreich
Major depressive disorder is characterized by emotional dysfunction, but mood states in daily life are not well understood. This study examined complex explanatory models of daily stress and coping mechanisms that trigger and maintain daily negative affect and (lower) positive affect in depression. Sixty-three depressed patients completed perfectionism measures, and then completed daily questionnaires of stress appraisals, coping, and affect for 7 consecutive days. Multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM) demonstrated that, across many stressors, when the typical individual with depression perceives more criticism than usual, he/she uses more avoidant coping and experiences higher event stress than usual, and this is connected to daily increases in negative affect as well as decreases in positive affect...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375648/perfectionism-in-argentina-and-the-united-states-measurement-structure-invariance-and-implications-for-depression
#9
Fernán G Arana, Kenneth G Rice, Jeffrey S Ashby
The Revised Almost Perfect Scale (APS-R; Slaney, Mobley, Trippi, Ashby, & Johnson, 1996 ) was designed to measure perfectionistic strivings (standards), perfectionistic concerns (discrepancy), and preferences for neatness and organization (order). In this study, English and Spanish (Arana, Keegan, & Rutsztein, 2009 ) versions of the APS-R were compared in samples of 283 college students in Argentina and 311 U.S. students. The results offered support for cross-national scalar invariance for discrepancy and order items but standards items, with a few exceptions, raised concerns about their cross-national comparability...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368780/psychological-predictors-of-eating-pathology-in-older-adult-women
#10
Elizabeth Midlarsky, Ashley Kronen Marotta, Steven Pirutinsky, Ruth T Morin, Joseph C McGowan
Eating pathology is generally considered to affect females during adolescence and early adulthood. However, in recent years, there has been an increased recognition that disordered eating occurs in middle-aged and elderly women and that the presentation is similar to that of eating disorders in younger women. In the research presented here, results of an Internet survey of older adult women (N = 245; aged 60-90 years) indicate that the factors significantly associated with eating pathology-perfectionism, depression, and sociocultural pressures to be thin-closely parallel those reported for both younger and middle-aged women...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281843/tolerance-of-ambiguity-perfectionism-and-resilience-are-associated-with-personality-profiles-of-medical-students-oriented-to-rural-practice
#11
Diann S Eley, Janni K Leung, Narelle Campbell, C Robert Cloninger
PURPOSE: Resilience, coping with uncertainty and learning from mistakes are vital characteristics for all medical disciplines - particularly rural practice. Levels of coping constructs were examined in medical students with and without a rural background or an interest in rural practice. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys identified two personality profiles, and their association with levels of Tolerance of Ambiguity, Resilience, Perfectionism-High Standards and Concern over mistakes as constructs indicative of coping...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263093/examining-the-dsm-5-section-iii-criteria-for-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder-in-a-community-sample
#12
Jacqueline Liggett, Martin Sellbom, Kieran L C Carmichael
The current study examined the extent to which the trait-based operationalization of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) in Section III of the DSM-5 describes the same construct as the one described in Section II. A community sample of 313 adults completed a series of personality inventories indexing the DSM-5 Sections II and III diagnostic criteria for OCPD, in addition to a measure of functional impairment modelled after the criteria in Section III. Results indicated that latent constructs representing Section II and Section III OCPD overlapped substantially (r = ...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261478/a-sisyphean-task-experiences-of-perfectionism-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#13
Suzanne Petersson, Per Johnsson, Kent-Inge Perseius
BACKGROUND: Despite the theoretical links between eating disorders and perfectionism, the definition of perfectionism in practice is complicated. The present study explored descriptions and experiences of perfectionism described by a transdiagnostic sample of patients. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 patients. The interviews were analyzed by Thematic Analysis. A comparison between the patients' scorings on the Eating Disorder Inventory-Perfectionism scale was also performed...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260554/social-anxiety-and-fear-of-causing-discomfort-to-others-diagnostic-specificity-symptom-correlates-and-cbt-treatment-outcome
#14
Yasunori Nishikawa, Judith M Laposa, Rotem Regev, Neil A Rector
BACKGROUND: Patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) report fear content relating to the perceived aversive consequences of their anxiety for others in their social environment. However, no studies to date have examined the diagnostic specificity of these fears to SAD as well as predictors to treatment response of these fears. AIMS: To examine relative specificity of fears related to causing discomfort to others, as measured by Social Anxiety-Fear of Causing Discomfort to Others (SA-DOS), among patients with anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), in addition to relation between dysfunctional attitudes and treatment response among patients with SAD...
March 6, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243213/disentangling-the-common-variance-of-perfectionistic-strivings-and-perfectionistic-concerns-a-bifactor-model-of-perfectionism
#15
Jana C Gäde, Karin Schermelleh-Engel, Andreas G Klein
Perfectionism nowadays is frequently understood as a multidimensional personality trait with two higher-order dimensions of perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns. While perfectionistic concerns are robustly found to correlate with negative outcomes and psychological malfunctioning, findings concerning the outcomes of perfectionistic strivings are inconsistent. There is evidence that perfectionistic strivings relate to psychological maladjustment on the one hand but to positive outcomes on the other hand as well...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241132/validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-commitment-to-exercise-scale
#16
Almut Zeeck, Sabine Schlegel, Katrin E Giel, Florian Junne, Christine Kopp, Andreas Joos, Caroline Davis, Armin Hartmann
Pathological forms of exercising are a topic of debate in terms of classification, etiology, and treatment. Validated instruments are a precondition for research in this field. The aim of this study was to validate the German version of the Commitment to Exercise Scale (CES-de). A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted using data from a large community sample (n = 571). In a second study, 100 eating disordered patients, 107 elite athletes and 100 individuals engaged in leisure time sporting activities were compared to assess discriminant validity and psychological correlates...
February 28, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238297/are-perfectionist-therapists-perfect-the-relationship-between-therapist-perfectionism-and-client-outcomes-in-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#17
Vickie L Presley, Christopher A Jones, Elizabeth K Newton
BACKGROUND: The psychological literature suggests that therapist perfectionism is common and potentially detrimental to client recovery. Little is known about the relationship between therapist perfectionism and client outcomes. AIMS: This study aimed to measure perfectionism in High Intensity Cognitive Behavioural therapists, and establish any relationships between dimensions of therapist perfectionism, client outcomes and drop-out rates in treatment. METHOD: Thirty-six therapists took part in the study; levels of perfectionism were measured using a self-report questionnaire and these were analysed in relation to the clinical outcomes from a sample of their clients...
February 27, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229854/-how-to-manage-with-rigour-but-flexibility-an-orthodontic-practice
#18
Edmond Binhas, Corinne Binhas
INTRODUCTION: An orthodontic office owner must understand the context and then combine logic, emotion, intuition and common sense. The productivity approach is no longer acceptable. It is necessary to combine rigour, flexibility and pragmatism. DISCUSSION: The obsessive perfectionism is ineffective. In fact, there are four ways to demonstrate a flexible determination: persevere when appropriate, win the support of your entourage, back on some decisions, appeal to the collective will...
March 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198813/increased-anterior-cingulate-cortex-response-precedes-behavioural-adaptation-in-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Daniel Geisler, Franziska Ritschel, Joseph A King, Fabio Bernardoni, Maria Seidel, Ilka Boehm, Franziska Runge, Thomas Goschke, Veit Roessner, Michael N Smolka, Stefan Ehrlich
Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are characterised by increased self-control, cognitive rigidity and impairments in set-shifting, but the underlying neural mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to elucidate the neural correlates of behavioural adaptation to changes in reward contingencies in young acutely ill AN patients. Thirty-six adolescent/young adult, non-chronic female AN patients and 36 age-matched healthy females completed a well-established probabilistic reversal learning task during fMRI...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190409/child-perfectionism-and-its-relationship-with-personality-excessive-parental-demands-depressive-symptoms-and-experience-of-positive-emotions
#20
Laura B Oros, Ornella Iuorno, Mónica Serppe
While adaptive perfectionism ensures good overall performance, maladaptive perfectionism is associated with emotional disorders for which psychological treatment is sought. There are many factors that can explain the development of this disorder throughout childhood. The present study analyzed to what extent the child's personality traits and excessive parental demands can predict maladaptive perfectionism, and, in turn, also analyzed how this relates to positive emotions and depressive symptoms in a sample of 404 Argentinian children (M age = 10...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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