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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229854/-how-to-manage-with-rigour-but-flexibility-an-orthodontic-practice
#1
Edmond Binhas, Corinne Binhas
INTRODUCTION: An orthodontic office owner must understand the context and then combine logic, emotion, intuition and common sense. The productivity approach is no longer acceptable. It is necessary to combine rigour, flexibility and pragmatism. DISCUSSION: The obsessive perfectionism is ineffective. In fact, there are four ways to demonstrate a flexible determination: persevere when appropriate, win the support of your entourage, back on some decisions, appeal to the collective will...
March 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198813/increased-anterior-cingulate-cortex-response-precedes-behavioural-adaptation-in-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Daniel Geisler, Franziska Ritschel, Joseph A King, Fabio Bernardoni, Maria Seidel, Ilka Boehm, Franziska Runge, Thomas Goschke, Veit Roessner, Michael N Smolka, Stefan Ehrlich
Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are characterised by increased self-control, cognitive rigidity and impairments in set-shifting, but the underlying neural mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to elucidate the neural correlates of behavioural adaptation to changes in reward contingencies in young acutely ill AN patients. Thirty-six adolescent/young adult, non-chronic female AN patients and 36 age-matched healthy females completed a well-established probabilistic reversal learning task during fMRI...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190409/child-perfectionism-and-its-relationship-with-personality-excessive-parental-demands-depressive-symptoms-and-experience-of-positive-emotions
#3
Laura B Oros, Ornella Iuorno, Mónica Serppe
While adaptive perfectionism ensures good overall performance, maladaptive perfectionism is associated with emotional disorders for which psychological treatment is sought. There are many factors that can explain the development of this disorder throughout childhood. The present study analyzed to what extent the child's personality traits and excessive parental demands can predict maladaptive perfectionism, and, in turn, also analyzed how this relates to positive emotions and depressive symptoms in a sample of 404 Argentinian children (M age = 10...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186317/diagnostic-distribution-of-eating-disorders-comparison-between-dsmiv-tr-and-dsm-5
#4
Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Laura Cañas, Xavier Carbonell, Marta Carulla, Carolina Palma, Josep Matalí, Montse Dolz
INTRODUCTION: The fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) includes a significant revision of Eating Disorders (ED). The objective of this study is to compare the distribution of diagnosis of ED in adolescents according to DSM-VI-TR and DSM-5 criteria. A second objective is to study the psychopathological differences between patients with ED (based on DSM-IV-TR) and those whose diagnosis changed by applying DSM-5 criteria. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and one adolescents diagnosed with ED (mean: 14...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137336/a-pilot-investigation-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-clinical-perfectionism-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
Shalane K Sadri, Rebecca A Anderson, Peter M McEvoy, Robert T Kane, Sarah J Egan
BACKGROUND: Perfectionism is strongly associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Cognitive behavioural therapy for perfectionism (CBT-P) has been found to result in reductions in a range of symptoms in individuals with anxiety disorders, depression and eating disorders. AIM: To pilot-test the efficacy of group CBT for perfectionism in participants with OCD and elevated perfectionism. METHOD: Participants were randomized to receive immediate 8-week group CBT-P (n = 4) or an 8-week waitlist followed by CBT-P (n = 7)...
January 31, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135619/are-perfectionistic-concerns-an-antecedent-of-or-a-consequence-of-binge-eating-or-both-a-short-term-four-wave-longitudinal-study-of-undergraduate-women
#6
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Chantal M Gautreau, Sherry H Stewart, Donald H Saklofske, Aislin R Mushquash
The perfectionism model of binge eating (PMOBE) posits perfectionistic concerns are a vulnerability factor for binge eating. And evidence indicates perfectionistic concerns and binge eating correlate positively. However, the direction of this relationship is seldom studied. Accordingly, it is unclear whether perfectionistic concerns represent an antecedent of binge eating (a vulnerability effect with perfectionistic concerns predicting increases in binge eating), a consequence of binge eating (a complication effect with binge eating predicting increases in perfectionistic concerns), or both (reciprocal relations with perfectionistic concerns predicting increases in binge eating and vice versa)...
January 10, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131966/positive-perfectionism-negative-perfectionism-and-emotional-eating-the-mediating-role-of-stress
#7
Hanwei Wang, Jie Li
The current study examines the different impacts of positive perfectionism and negative perfectionism on individuals' emotional eating, as well as stress as the proposed underlying mediator that explains the abovementioned relationships. Overall, 386 adults in China reported their levels of positive perfectionism, negative perfectionism, perceived stress, and emotional eating behaviors. Results demonstrate that positive perfectionism is negatively associated with emotional eating, while negative perfectionism is positively associated with emotional eating...
January 3, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098051/chronic-fatigue-syndrome-cognitive-behavioural-and-emotional-processing-vulnerability-factors
#8
Samantha K Brooks, Trudie Chalder, Katharine A Rimes
BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavioural models of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) suggest that personality factors such as perfectionism and high moral standards may contribute to the development of CFS. AIMS: To investigate cognitive, behavioural and emotional processing risk factors for CFS. METHOD: CFS patients (n = 67) at a UK specialist clinic completed questionnaires about psychological characteristics both currently and retrospectively (6 months pre-CFS onset)...
January 18, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097876/the-relationship-of-perfectionism-with-psychological-symptoms-in-cancer-patients-and-the-contributing-role-of-hyperarousability-and-coping
#9
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Josée Savard, Lisa-Maria Slim, Renée-Claude Roy, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt, Hans Ivers
OBJECTIVE: Significant levels of anxiety, depression and insomnia symptoms are found in cancer patients. Perfectionism, arousability and coping have been associated with these psychological symptoms in the general population but their role among cancer patients remains to be assessed. This study examined the longitudinal relationships between perfectionism and psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression, insomnia), and the intermediate role of the arousability trait and coping strategies...
January 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095004/correction-to-mandel-et-al-2015
#10
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Self-critical perfectionism and depressive and anxious symptoms over 4 years: The mediating role of daily stress reactivity" by Tobey Mandel, David M. Dunkley and Molly Moroz (Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2015[Oct], Vol 62[4], 703-717). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-32534-001.) This study of 150 community adults examined heightened emotional reactivity to daily stress as a mediator in the relationships between self-critical (SC) perfectionism and depressive and anxious symptoms over a period of 4 years...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092194/maladaptive-perfectionism-as-mediator-among-psychological-control-eating-disorders-and-exercise-dependence-symptoms-in-habitual-exerciser
#11
Sebastiano Costa, Heather A Hausenblas, Patrizia Oliva, Francesca Cuzzocrea, Rosalba Larcan
Background and aims The current study examined the mediating role of maladaptive perfectionism among parental psychological control, eating disorder symptoms, and exercise dependence symptoms by gender in habitual exercisers. Methods Participants were 348 Italian exercisers (n = 178 men and n = 170 women; M age = 20.57, SD = 1.13) who completed self-report questionnaires assessing their parental psychological control, maladaptive perfectionism, eating disorder symptoms, and exercise dependence symptoms...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092192/do-i-feel-ill-because-i-crave-for-work-or-do-i-crave-for-work-because-i-feel-ill-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-work-craving-self-regulation-and-health
#12
Kamila Wojdylo, Wilhelm Karlsson, Nicola Baumann
Background The theory of work craving defines workaholism as a pathological work addiction which comprises: (a) obsessive-compulsive desire to work, (b) anticipation of self-worth compensatory incentives from working, (c) anticipation of reduction of negative emotions or withdrawal symptoms from working, and (d) neurotic perfectionism. Research has shown that workaholism is associated with adverse health outcomes. However, the antecedents of workaholism and the causal direction of the relationship with health have been largely neglected...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068379/the-firepower-of-work-craving-when-self-control-is-burning-under-the-rubble-of-self-regulation
#13
Kamila Wojdylo, Nicola Baumann, Julius Kuhl
Work craving theory addresses how work-addicted individuals direct great emotion-regulatory efforts to weave their addictive web of working. They crave work for two main emotional incentives: to overcompensate low self-worth and to escape (i.e., reduce) negative affect, which is strategically achieved through neurotic perfectionism and compulsive working. Work-addicted individuals' strong persistence and self-discipline with respect to work-related activities suggest strong skills in volitional action control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026869/the-relationship-between-perfectionism-and-psychopathology-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Karina Limburg, Hunna J Watson, Martin S Hagger, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: The clinical significance of 2 main dimensions of perfectionism (perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns) was examined via a meta-analysis of studies investigating perfectionism in the psychopathology literature. METHOD: We investigated relationships between psychopathology outcomes (clinical diagnoses of depression, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eating disorders; symptoms of these disorders; and outcomes related to psychopathology, such as deliberate self-harm, suicidal ideation, and general distress) and each perfectionism dimension...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984242/impact-of-abuse-on-adjustment-and-chronic-pain-disability-a-structural-equation-model
#15
Swati Mehta, Danielle Rice, Alan Chan, Allan P Shapiro, Keith Sequeira, Robert W Teasell
INTRODUCTION/AIM: Sexual abuse, "state" and "trait" psychosocial factors, pain intensity, and pain related disability have been shown to be correlated among individuals with chronic pain. However, the interacting relationships between these factors is poorly understood. The current study aims to test model which examines the effect of abuse, "state" and "trait" psychosocial factors, and pain intensity on pain related disability among individuals with chronic pain. METHODS: 229 participants diagnosed with chronic pain were recruited from a specialist chronic pain hospital in London, Ontario...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975176/the-patient-psychiatrist-relationship-on-the-axis-of-the-other-and-the-same
#16
Gabriel Schreiber, Sofia Avissar, Alan Jotkowitz, Demian Halperin
The patient-psychiatrist relationship is a cornerstone of psychiatric professionalism and ethics. We discuss this topic along the axis of the Other and the Same, concepts defined by continental philosophy. The self of Anglo-American philosophy is typically described in individualistic terms. Individualism, autonomy and ideal self are valorized within the current model of care. These characteristics belong to the Lacanian Imaginary Order, which is the core of narcissism. Patients may yearn for another model of interaction...
December 14, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966368/perfectionistic-concerns-predict-increases-in-adolescents-anxiety-symptoms-a-three-wave-longitudinal-study
#17
Lavinia E Damian, Oana Negru-Subtirica, Joachim Stoeber, Adriana Băban
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although perfectionism has been proposed to be a risk factor for the development of anxiety, research on perfectionism and anxiety symptoms in adolescents is scarce and inconclusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the two higher-order dimensions of perfectionism - perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns - predict the development and maintenance of anxiety symptoms. An additional aim of the present study was to examine potential reciprocal effects of anxiety symptoms predicting increases in perfectionism...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939851/age-specific-prevalence-of-hoarding-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-population-based-study
#18
Danielle C Cath, Krystal Nizar, Dorret Boomsma, Carol A Mathews
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the age-specific prevalence of hoarding and obsessive compulsive symptoms (OCS), particularly in older age groups. The objectives of this study were to estimate the age-specific prevalence, severity, and relationships between hoarding and OCS in males and females using a large population-based sample. METHODS: We assessed the age-specific prevalence rates of hoarding disorder (HD) and OC disorder (OCD) in males and females (at various age ranges between 15 and 97 years) from the Netherlands Twins Register (N = 15,194)...
November 10, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932687/diabetes-distress-among-persons-with-type-1-diabetes
#19
Margaret A Powers, Sara A Richter, Diann M Ackard, Cheryl Craft
Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate associations between diabetes distress and a range of psychological health behaviors and concerns among persons with type 1 diabetes for the benefit of enhancing early identification and intervention of at-risk individuals. Methods Persons with type 1 diabetes (n = 268; 57.1% female, 91.0% white, 76.8% <18 years of age, average A1C 8.4%) completed the 2-item Diabetes Distress Screening Scale (DDS2) and a battery of psychometrically sound instruments measuring satisfaction with life, self-esteem, self-efficacy, depression, perfectionism, body image satisfaction, dietary restraint and eating, and shape and weight concerns...
February 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918887/resilience-to-emotional-distress-in-response-to-failure-error-or-mistakes-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Judith Johnson, Maria Panagioti, Jennifer Bass, Lauren Ramsey, Reema Harrison
Perceptions of failure have been implicated in a range of psychological disorders, and even a single experience of failure can heighten anxiety and depression. However, not all individuals experience significant emotional distress following failure, indicating the presence of resilience. The current systematic review synthesised studies investigating resilience factors to emotional distress resulting from the experience of failure. For the definition of resilience we used the Bi-Dimensional Framework for resilience research (BDF) which suggests that resilience factors are those which buffer the impact of risk factors, and outlines criteria a variable should meet in order to be considered as conferring resilience...
November 21, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
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