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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725291/relationship-between-normal-tension-glaucoma-and-flammer-syndrome
#1
Katarzyna Konieczka, Hyuk Jin Choi, Simone Koch, Franz Fankhauser, Andreas Schoetzau, Dong Myung Kim
BACKGROUND: Besides intraocular pressure, vascular factors play a role in the pathogenesis of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. One of these potential vascular factors is Flammer syndrome. The purpose of the present study was to determine in a Korean population whether signs and symptoms of Flammer syndrome occur more often in normal tension glaucoma patients than in control subjects. METHODS: Two hundred forty-six normal tension glaucoma patients and 1116 control subjects responded to a multiple-choice questionnaire asking about 15 signs and symptoms of Flammer syndrome...
June 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716506/how-to-prevent-burnout-in-cardiologists-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-gaps-and-future-directions
#2
REVIEW
Maria Panagioti, Keith Geraghty, Judith Johnson
Burnout is rising in all physicians, and cardiologists are not an exemption. Cardiology is a very popular specialty among medical students as it is associated with outstanding training standards and high prestige and income. In this review, we critically summarize the evidence on consequences, causes, and evidence-based interventions for burnout with a view toward recommending the best strategies for promoting wellness in cardiologists. Only a handful of studies have examined burnout specifically in cardiologists...
July 4, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710741/eating-disorders-in-musicians-a-survey-investigating-self-reported-eating-disorders-of-musicians
#3
Marianna Evangelia Kapsetaki, Charlie Easmon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) in musicians, and to evaluate their relation to perfectionism, stress, anxiety and depression. METHODS: It examined: (1) the prevalence of EDs using the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), body mass index (BMI) and self-reports, (2) psychological risk factors using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) and perfectionism inventory and (3) demographic details, information about musical and career development, lifestyle, eating habits and health...
July 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700037/perfectionism-and-negative-positive-affect-associations-the-role-of-cognitive-emotion-regulation-and-perceived-distress-coping
#4
Juliana Castro, Maria João Soares, Ana T Pereira, António Macedo
Objective: To explore 1) if perfectionism, perceived distress/coping, and cognitive emotion regulation (CER) are associated with and predictive of negative/positive affect (NA/PA); and 2) if CER and perceived distress/coping are associated with perfectionism and if they mediate the perfectionism-NA/PA associations. There is a distinction between maladaptive and adaptive perfectionism in its association with NA/PA. CER and perceived distress/coping may mediate the maladaptive/adaptive perfectionism and NA/PA associations...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697487/predictors-of-illness-anxiety-symptoms-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
Lillian Reuman, Ryan J Jacoby, Shannon M Blakey, Bradley C Riemann, Rachel C Leonard, Jonathan S Abramowitz
Illness anxiety and OCD symptoms appear to overlap in their presentation as well as in other conceptually important ways (e.g., dysfunctional cognitions). Little research, however, has directly examined these putative relationships. The present study examined the extent to which illness anxiety symptoms were associated with OCD symptom dimensions and relevant cognitive factors in a large treatment-seeking sample of patients with OCD. Patients completed a battery of self-report measures of OCD and health anxiety symptoms and related cognitive biases...
July 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693700/longitudinal-effects-of-an-intervention-on-perfectionism-in-adolescents
#6
Carmen Bento, Ana T Pereira, Carolina Roque, Jorge M Tavares Saraiva, António J Ferreira Macedo E Santos
Perfectionism is a personality disposition characterized by a person´s striving for flawlessness and the setting of excessively high performance standards. This trait has been associated with a broad range of psychopathological conditions. Consequently, prevention of its harmful effects must start early. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if one group session to manage perfectionism has the effect of reducing the levels of this trait, two and six months later. METHOD: A community-based sample of 978 Portuguese adolescents from three different high schools completed a self-reporting questionnaire including the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale, before and after one skill session...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675707/thera-prov-a-pilot-study-of-improv-used-to-treat-anxiety-and-depression
#7
Kristin R Krueger, Jonathan W Murphy, Andrea B Bink
BACKGROUND: Improvisational theater exercises (improv) are used in various settings to improve mental health and medical outcomes. However, there is little documented evidence of the effectiveness of these interventions. AIMS: We developed a short-term, group intervention that used improv exercises in a therapeutic manner to treat psychiatric patients. METHODS: We evaluated the feasibility, acceptability and five clinical outcomes (depressive symptoms, anxious symptoms, self-esteem, perfectionism and satisfaction with social roles) of this intervention in an outpatient setting...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672175/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-perfectionism-and-repetitive-negative-thinking-in-perinatal-depression
#8
Sarah J Egan, Robert T Kane, Karen Winton, Catherine Eliot, Peter M McEvoy
Repetitive negative thinking and perfectionism have both been proposed as processes that are related to depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate concurrent and prospective relationships between antenatal and postnatal depression, perfectionism, and repetitive negative thinking. A longitudinal design was used and 71 women were followed from their third trimester of pregnancy to six weeks post birth. A structural equation model was tested with antenatal perfectionism predicting antenatal repetitive negative thinking, perfectionism predicting postnatal depression, and antenatal repetitive negative thinking predicting antenatal and postnatal depression...
June 27, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655179/to-err-is-perfectly-human-behavioural-and-neural-correlates-of-error-processing-and-perfectionism
#9
Antonia Barke, Stefan Bode, Peter Dechent, Carsten Schmidt-Samoa, Christina Van Heer, Jutta Stahl
The attitude towards one's own imperfection strongly varies between individuals. Here, we investigated variations in error-related activity depending on two sub-traits of perfectionism, Personal Standard Perfectionism (PSP) and Evaluative Concern Perfectionism (ECP) in a large scale functional magnetic resonance imaging study (N = 75) using a digit-flanker task. Participants with higher PSP scores showed both more post-error slowing and more neural activity in the medial-frontal gyrus including anterior cingulate cortex after errors...
June 26, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648228/great-british-medalists-psychosocial-biographies-of-super-elite-and-elite-athletes-from-olympic-sports
#10
Lew Hardy, Matthew Barlow, Lynne Evans, Tim Rees, Tim Woodman, Chelsea Warr
Participants were 32 former GB athletes from Olympic sports, 16 Super-Elite athletes who had won multiple medals at major championships, and 16 matched Elite athletes who had not. In-depth interviews with the athletes, their coaches, and one of their parents explored all psychosocial aspects of their development and careers. Content analyses revealed that there were no differences between Super-Elite and Elite athletes with regard to family values, conscientiousness, or commitment to training. However, the two groups were found to be different with regard to: (1) the experience of a foundational negative life event coupled with a foundational positive sport-related event; (2) the experience of a career turning point that enhanced motivation and focus for their sport; (3) need for success; (4) obsessiveness and/or perfectionism with regard to training and performance; (5) ruthlessness and/or selfishness in the pursuit of their sporting goals; (6) dual focus on both mastery and outcome; (7) the use of counterphobic attitudes and/or total preparation to maintain higher levels of performance under pressure; and (8) the relative importance of sport over other aspects of life...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618299/is-the-devil-in-the-detail-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-guided-internet-based-cbt-for-perfectionism
#11
Roz Shafran, Tracey D Wade, Sarah J Egan, Radha Kothari, Hannah Allcott-Watson, Per Carlbring, Alexander Rozental, Gerhard Andersson
An internet guided self-help cognitive-behavioural treatment (ICBT) for perfectionism was recently found to be effective (see this issue). Such studies stand in need of replication. The aim of this study was to report the outcomes and predictors of change when the treatment is delivered in a UK setting. A total of 120 people (Mean = 28.9 years; 79% female) were randomised to receive ICBT or wait-list control over 12 weeks (trial registration: NCT02756871). While there were strong similarities between the current study and its Swedish counterpart, there were also important differences in procedural details...
August 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606495/personality-traits-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-pnes-and-psychogenic-movement-disorder-pmd-neuroticism-and-perfectionism
#12
Vindhya Ekanayake, Sarah Kranick, Kathrin LaFaver, Arshi Naz, Anne Frank Webb, W Curt LaFrance, Mark Hallett, Valerie Voon
OBJECTIVE: Psychogenic movement disorder (PMD) and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are two subtypes of conversion disorder (CD). In this case-control study, we asked whether these subtypes varied as a function of personality and history of childhood abuse. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients with PMD from the Human Motor Control Section Clinic at the National Institutes of Health, 43 patients with PNES from the Rhode Island Hospital Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology Division, and 26 healthy volunteers (HC) received a battery of neurological, psychiatric and psychological assessments, including the NEO Personality Inventory Revised (NEO PI-R), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and the Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire (TLEQ)...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606188/joint-trajectories-of-depression-and-perfectionism-across-adolescence-and-childhood-risk-factors
#13
Tracy Vaillancourt, John D Haltigan
The codevelopment of symptoms of depression and socially prescribed perfectionism across adolescence (age 12-17) and non-age-overlapping childhood predictors (age 10-11) of joint trajectory group membership were examined in a sample of 700 Canadian youth. Results indicated that most adolescents (75.8%) followed a trajectory of low depression symptoms (low stable), whereas 15.7% followed an increasing trajectory (increasing), and 8.5% followed a trajectory that began high and decreased over time (high decreasing)...
June 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595666/a-brief-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-for-maladaptive-perfectionism-in-students-a-pilot-study
#14
Fernán G Arana, Mariana C Miracco, Marina S Galarregui, Eduardo G Keegan
BACKGROUND: Researchers focused on developing therapeutic strategies for perfectionism given its well-established link to the onset and maintenance of several mental disorders. Meta-analytical findings provided support for the efficacy of cognitive behavioural (CB) approaches. However, most studies have focused on the efficacy of interventions, without analysing their efficiency. AIMS: To explore the feasibility of a brief (five weekly sessions) CB group intervention focused on reducing perfectionistic concerns in Argentine students...
June 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592165/self-concealment-mediates-the-relationship-between-perfectionism-and-attitudes-toward-seeking-psychological-help-among-adolescents
#15
Abbas Abdollahi, Simin Hosseinian, Ahmad Beh-Pajooh, Per Carlbring
One of the biggest barriers in treating adolescents with mental health problems is their refusing to seek psychological help. This study was designed to examine the relationships between two forms of perfectionism, self-concealment and attitudes toward seeking psychological help and to test the mediating role of self-concealment in the relationship between perfectionism and attitudes toward seeking psychological help among Malaysian high school students. The participants were 475 Malaysian high school students from four high schools in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586713/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-perfectionism-including-an-investigation-of-outcome-predictors
#16
Alexander Rozental, Roz Shafran, Tracey Wade, Sarah Egan, Lise Bergman Nordgren, Per Carlbring, Andreas Landström, Stina Roos, Malin Skoglund, Elisabet Thelander, Linnéa Trosell, Alexander Örtenholm, Gerhard Andersson
Being highly attentive to details can be a positive feature. However, for some individuals, perfectionism can lead to distress and is associated with many psychiatric disorders. Cognitive behavior therapy has been shown to yield many benefits for those experiencing problems with perfectionism, but the access to evidence-based care is limited. The current study investigated the efficacy of guided Internet-based Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) and predictors of treatment outcome. In total, 156 individuals were included and randomized to an eight-week treatment or wait-list control...
August 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585772/adolescent-perfectionism-structural-features-of-the-frost-multidimensional-perfectionism-scale-and-correlates-with-attachment-and-psychopathology
#17
Emily P Taylor, Rachel Couper, Carolyn Maeve Butler
OBJECTIVES: Perfectionism is recognized as a significant risk factor for psychopathology. Emerging research links attachment to perfectionism in adult and college-age samples. The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS) has been used in adults and adolescents with a variety of factor structures found. This study sought to establish the factor structure in a general adolescent sample prior to testing for associations between perfectionism, attachment, and psychopathology in the same sample...
June 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566813/kickboxing-review-anthropometric-psychophysiological-and-activity-profiles-and-injury-epidemiology
#18
REVIEW
M Slimani, H Chaabene, B Miarka, E Franchini, K Chamari, F Cheour
Kickboxing is one of the modern combat sports. The psychophysiological demands of a kickboxing competition require athletes to achieve high thresholds of several aspects of physical fitness. The aim of the current review is to critically analyse and appraise the kickboxer's anthropometric, physiological, physical and psychological attributes with the activity profile and injury epidemiology in order to provide practical recommendations for training as well as new areas of scientific research. The available information shows that both amateur and elite-level male kickboxers are characterized by a higher proportion of mesomorphy with a well-developed muscle mass and low body fat percentage...
June 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535840/a-comparison-of-personality-life-events-comorbidity-and-health-in-monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Laura M Thornton, Sara E Trace, Kimberly A Brownley, Monica Ålgars, Suzanne E Mazzeo, Jocilyn E Bergin, Millie Maxwell, Paul Lichtenstein, Nancy L Pedersen, Cynthia M Bulik
Genetic and environmental factors contribute to the etiology of anorexia nervosa (AN). The co-twin control design is one of the most powerful methods available to evaluate environmental factors that could contribute to differences between monozygotic (MZ) twins who are discordant for AN. Using available data from a unique and rare sample of 22 Swedish female MZ pairs discordant for AN, we compared personality, life events, comorbidity, and health factors. Twins with AN had significantly higher perfectionism scores than unaffected co-twins and reported younger ages at first diet than unaffected co-twins who had dieted...
May 24, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511739/self-critical-thinking-and-overgeneralization-in-depression-and-eating-disorders-an-experimental-study
#20
Graham R Thew, James D Gregory, Kate Roberts, Katharine A Rimes
BACKGROUND: Self-critical thinking is common across psychological disorders. This study hypothesized that it may play an important role in 'overgeneralization', the process of drawing general implications from an isolated negative experience. AIMS: To explore the impact of two experimental tasks designed to elicit self-critical thoughts on the endorsement of general negative self-views of clinical and non-clinical populations. METHOD: Three groups (depression, eating disorders and non-clinical controls), completed standardized questionnaires and the two tasks...
May 17, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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