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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522978/change-during-psychotherapy-through-sand-play-tray-in-children-that-have-been-sexually-abused
#1
María D L Angeles Tornero, Claudia Capella
This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the use of sandplay, or sand tray therapy, in the psychotherapeutic process of children who have been sexually abused. A longitudinal study was carried out with seven participants between the ages of 7 and 10 years old. Data was produced during observation of the therapeutic activity over the course of three different phases of treatment, using a rubric created especially for this observation. Three sandplay sessions were recorded: one at the start of therapy, one at the 3-month mark, and the third and final session after 6 months of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520913/when-theatre-comes-to-engineering-design-oh-how-creative-they-can-be
#2
Ferris M Pfeiffer, Rachel Bauer, Steve Borgelt, Suzanne Burgoyne, Sheila Grant, Heather Hunt, Jennie Pardoe, David Schmidt
The creative process is fun, complex, and sometimes frustrating, but it is critical to the future of our nation and progress in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, as well as other fields. Thus, we set out to see if implementing methods of active learning typical to the theatre department could impact the creativity of senior capstone design students in the Bioengineering department. Senior Bioengineering capstone design students were allowed to self-select into groups. Prior to the beginning of coursework, all students completed a validated survey measuring engineering design self-efficacy...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520571/is-omentectomy-mandatory-among-early-stage-i-ii-malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumor-patients-a-retrospective-study-of-223-cases
#3
Wenyan Xu, Yanfang Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate whether omentectomy (OMT) is necessary in the operation for apparently early stage malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Searching medical records database of Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 1, 1966, to November 30, 2015, patients with MOGCTs were identified and their age, year of diagnosis, tumor grade, histologic subtype, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, nodal findings, gross observation of omentum, and performance of OMT were assessed...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507772/clinically-significant-depressive-symptoms-and-sexual-behaviour-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Ada R Miltz, Alison J Rodger, Janey Sewell, Andrew Speakman, Andrew N Phillips, Lorraine Sherr, Richard J Gilson, David Asboe, Nneka C Nwokolo, Amanda Clarke, Mark M Gompels, Sris Allan, Simon Collins, Fiona C Lampe
BACKGROUND: The relationship between depression and sexual behaviour among men who have sex with men (MSM) is poorly understood. AIMS: To investigate prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≥10) and the relationship between depressive symptoms and sexual behaviour among MSM reporting recent sex. METHOD: The Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV (AURAH) is a cross-sectional study of UK genitourinary medicine clinic attendees without diagnosed HIV (2013-2014)...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507769/a-national-quality-improvement-collaborative-for-the-clinical-use-of-outcome-measurement-in-specialised-mental-healthcare-results-from-a-parallel-group-design-and-a-nested-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Margot J Metz, Marjolein A Veerbeek, Gerdien C Franx, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Edwin de Beurs, Aartjan T F Beekman
BACKGROUND: Although the importance and advantages of measurement-based care in mental healthcare are well established, implementation in daily practice is complex and far from optimal. AIMS: To accelerate the implementation of outcome measurement in routine clinical practice, a government-sponsored National Quality Improvement Collaborative was initiated in Dutch-specialised mental healthcare. METHOD: To investigate the effects of this initiative, we combined a matched-pair parallel group design (21 teams) with a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) (6 teams)...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505005/gastric-cancer-with-primitive-enterocyte-phenotype-an-aggressive-subgroup-of-intestinal-type-adenocarcinoma
#6
Sho Yamazawa, Tetsuo Ushiku, Aya Shinozaki-Ushiku, Akimasa Hayashi, Akiko Iwasaki, Hiroyuki Abe, Amane Tagashira, Hiroharu Yamashita, Yasuyuki Seto, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Masashi Fukayama
A primitive cell-like gene expression signature is associated with aggressive phenotypes of various cancers. We assessed the expression of phenotypic markers characterizing primitive cells and its correlation with clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics in gastric cancer. Immunohistochemical analysis of a panel of primitive phenotypic markers, including embryonic stem cell markers (OCT4, NANOG, SALL4, CLDN6, and LIN28) and known oncofetal proteins (AFP and GPC3), was performed using tissue microarray on 386 gastric cancers...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502823/niaid-niehs-nhlbi-mcan-workshop-report-the-indoor-environment-and-childhood-asthma-implications-for-home-environmental-intervention-in-asthma-prevention-and-management
#7
Diane R Gold, Gary Adamkiewicz, Syed Hasan Arshad, Juan C Celedón, Martin D Chapman, Ginger L Chew, Donald N Cook, Adnan Custovic, Ulrike Gehring, James E Gern, Christine C Johnson, Suzanne Kennedy, Petros Koutrakis, Brian Leaderer, Herman Mitchell, Augusto A Litonjua, Geoffrey A Mueller, George T O'Connor, Dennis Ownby, Wanda Phipatanakul, Victoria Persky, Matthew S Perzanowski, Clare D Ramsey, Päivi M Salo, Julie M Schwaninger, Joanne E Sordillo, Avrum Spira, Shakira F Suglia, Alkis Togias, Darryl C Zeldin, Elizabeth C Matsui
Environmental exposures have been recognized as critical in the initiation and exacerbation of asthma, one of the most common chronic childhood diseases. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), and Merck Childhood Asthma Network (MCAN) sponsored a joint workshop to discuss the current state of the science with respect to the indoor environment and its effects on the development and morbidity of childhood asthma...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496502/the-effect-of-creative-tasks-on-electrocardiogram-using-linear-and-nonlinear-features-in-combination-with-classification-approaches
#8
Sahar Zakeri, Ataollah Abbasi, Ateke Goshvarpour
Objective: Interest in the subject of creativity and its impacts on human life is growing extensively. However, only a few surveys pay attention to the relation between creativity and physiological changes. This paper presents a novel approach to distinguish between creativity states from electrocardiogram signals. Nineteen linear and nonlinear features of the cardiac signal were extracted to detect creativity states. Method: ECG signals of 52 participants were recorded while doing three tasks of Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT/ figural B)...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496378/ethnopsychiatry-fosters-creativity-and-the-adoption-of-critical-and-reflexive-thinking-in-higher-education-students-insights-from-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-preliminary-pilot-experience-at-the-faculty-of-medicine-and-surgery-university-of-genoa-italy
#9
Anna Siri, Giovanni Del Puente, Mariano Martini, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Creativity is an ability that plays a major role in the modern economy and society. It should represent an important component of the medical syllabus. However, it is often overlooked by the formal courses at universities. The current study aimed at evaluating whether the interactive educational models, recently adopted by the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, at the University of Genoa, Italy, would favor the adoption of critical thinking, attitudes to changes, cultural diversity acceptance, and the adoption of relational soft skills versus traditional and frontal didactic teaching...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489717/coliphages-and-gastrointestinal-illness-in-recreational-waters-pooled-analysis-of-six-coastal-beach-cohorts
#10
Jade Benjamin-Chung, Benjamin F Arnold, Timothy J Wade, Kenneth Schiff, John F Griffith, Alfred P Dufour, Stephen B Weisberg, John M Colford
BACKGROUND: Coliphages have been proposed as indicators of fecal contamination in recreational waters because they better mimic the persistence of pathogenic viruses in the environment and wastewater treatment than fecal indicator bacteria. We estimated the association between coliphages and gastrointestinal illness and compared it to the association with culturable enterococci. METHODS: We pooled data from six prospective cohort studies that enrolled coastal beachgoers in California, Alabama, and Rhode Island...
May 9, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484614/creating-beauty-creativity-compensates-for-low-physical-attractiveness-when-individuals-assess-the-attractiveness-of-social-and-romantic-partners
#11
Christopher D Watkins
Although creativity is attractive in a potential mate, it is unclear (i) whether the effects of creativity on attractiveness generalize to other social contexts and (ii) whether creativity has equivalent effects on men's and women's attractiveness. As social knowledge of creativity may either enhance or 'offset' the appeal of social partners who differ in physical attractiveness, three repeated measures experiments were conducted to directly address these issues. Here, participants rated a series of face-text pairs for attractiveness on trials that differed in one of four combinations of facial attractiveness (attractive and less attractive) and creativity (creative and less creative), rating story-tellers in two experiments (short interpretations of an identical painting) and creative ideas in a further experiment (alternative uses for an everyday object)...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483179/-cannabis-a-cognitive-illusion
#12
Gonzalo Galván, Manuel Guerrero-Martelo, Francisco Vásquez De la Hoz
INTRODUCTION: The vision of cannabis as a soft drug is due to the low risk perception that young and old people have of the drug. This perception is based on erroneous beliefs that people have about the drug. OBJECTIVE: To compare the beliefs of cannabis use and consequences among adolescents with a lifetime prevalence of cannabis use and those without a lifetime prevalence of cannabis use. METHOD: Quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study with a probability sample of 156 high school students who completed an ad-hoc questionnaire that included sociodemographic data and 22 questions about the beliefs that young people had about cannabis use and its consequences...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482683/problem-solving-styles-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-development-of-higher-cognitive-functions
#13
Paul A Constable, Melanie Ring, Sebastian B Gaigg, Dermot M Bowler
The Vygotsky Blocks Test assesses problem-solving styles within a theoretical framework for the development of higher mental processes devised by Vygotsky. Because both the theory and the associated test situate cognitive development within the child's social and linguistic context, they address conceptual issues around the developmental relation between language and thought that are pertinent to development in autism. Our aim was to document the performance of adults with autism spectrum disorder on the Vygotsky Blocks Test, and our results showed that they made more errors than the typically developing participants and that these errors correlated with performance IQ...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481779/claudin-4-expression-is-associated-with-survival-in-ovarian-cancer-but-not-with-chemotherapy-response
#14
Laura Martín de la Fuente, Susanne Malander, Linda Hartman, Jenny-Maria Jönsson, Anna Ebbesson, Mef Nilbert, Anna Måsbäck, Ingrid Hedenfalk
The tight junction protein claudin-4 has been reported to be overexpressed in advanced ovarian cancer. We investigated the prognostic significance of claudin-4 overexpression and whether claudin-4 expression could predict platinum response in primary ovarian carcinoma (OC). Claudin-4 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in a tissue microarray of 140 OCs. Multivariable Cox-regression models were used to assess the effect of claudin-4 overexpression on progression-free survival and overall survival (OS)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480690/cognitive-and-personality-factors-in-the-regular-practice-of-martial-arts
#15
Rosa A Fabio, Giulia E Towey
BACKGROUND: The effects of regular practice of martial arts is considered controversial and studies in this field limited their attention to singular psychological benefits. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the regular practice of martial arts and cognitive and personality factors, such as: attention, creativity and school performance, together with, self-esteem, self-efficacy and aggression. METHODS: The design consists in a factorial design with two independent variables (groups and age levels) and seven dependent variables (attention, creativity, intelligence, school performance, self-esteem, self-efficacy and aggression)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471912/effect-of-synbiotic-on-the-gut-microbiota-of-caesarean-delivered-infants-a-randomized-double-blind-multicenter-study
#16
Mei Chien Chua, Kaouther Ben-Amor, Christophe Lay, Anne Goh Eng Neo, Wen Chin Chiang, Rajeshwar Rao, Charmaine Chew, Surasith Chaithongwongwatthana, Nipon Khemapech, Jan Knol, Voranush Chongsrisawat
We determined the effect of short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides (scGOS), long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (lcFOS) and Bifidobacterium breve M-16 V on the gut microbiota of caesarean born infants. Infants were randomized to receive a standard formula (control), the same with scGOS/lcFOS and B. breve M-16 V (synbiotic), or with scGOS/lcFOS (prebiotic) from birth until week 16, 30 subjects born vaginally were included as a reference group. Synbiotic supplementation resulted in a higher bifidobacteria proportion from day 3/5 (p < 0...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#17
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463891/neuro-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-finding-in-412-patients-and-prognostic-features
#18
Zhou-Yang Lian, He-Hong Li, Bin Zhang, Yu-Hao Dong, Wu-Xu Deng, Jing Liu, Xiao-Ning Luo, Biao Huang, Chang-Hong Liang, Shui-Xing Zhang
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to describe the neuroimaging findings in hand, foot, and mouth disease and determine those who may provide prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging scans in 412 severe hand, foot, and mouth disease between 2009 and 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. The patients who had the neurological signs were followed for 6 months to 1 year. According to the good or poor prognosis, 2 groups were categorized. The incidence of lesions in different sites between the 2 groups was compared, and multivariate analysis was used to look for risk factors...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452864/azathioprine-with-allopurinol-lower-deoxythioguanosine-in-dna-and-transcriptome-changes-indicate-mechanistic-differences-to-azathioprine-alone
#19
Sally A Coulthard, Phil Berry, Sarah McGarrity, Simon McLaughlin, Azhar Ansari, Christopher P F Redfern
BACKGROUND: Use of azathioprine (AZA) for inflammatory bowel disease is limited by side effects or poor efficacy. Combining low-dose azathioprine with allopurinol (LDAA) bypasses side effects, improves efficacy, and may be appropriate as first-line therapy. We test the hypothesis that standard-dose azathioprine (AZA) and LDAA treatments work by similar mechanisms, using incorporation of the metabolite deoxythioguanosine into patient DNA, white-blood cell counts, and transcriptome analysis as biological markers of drug effect...
April 27, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448305/possible-risk-factors-of-pulmonary-metastases-in-patients-with-international-federation-of-gynecology-and-obstetrics-stage-i-endometrioid-type-endometrial-cancer
#20
Wei Jiang, Jun Chen, Xiang Tao, Feifei Huang, Menghan Zhu, Chao Wang, Weiwei Feng
OBJECTIVE: Limited data have been obtained in regard to pulmonary metastasis (PM) in patients with stage I endometrial cancer. The aims of the study were (1) to present the clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with PM in the setting of stage I endometrioid-type endometrial cancer (EEC) and (2) to define possible factors that may be used to predict PM. METHODS: Six hundred thirty patients with stage I EEC, including 12 with PM, 19 with extra-PM (EPM), and 599 with no recurrence, were observed...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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