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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786848/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-part-i-national-cancer-statistics
#1
Kathleen A Cronin, Andrew J Lake, Susan Scott, Recinda L Sherman, Anne-Michelle Noone, Nadia Howlader, S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Albert U Firth, Jiemin Ma, Betsy A Kohler, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate to provide annual updates on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. METHODS: Incidence data were obtained from the CDC-funded and NCI-funded population-based cancer registry programs and compiled by NAACCR. Data on cancer deaths were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System...
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783890/dementia-and-sculpture-making-exploring-artistic-responses-of-people-with-dementia
#2
Sumita Chauhan
In its form, sculpture reveals not only the artist's self-expression but also the transformative qualities through which it influences our senses. Frequent interactions with sculpture can provide creative awareness, which in turn leads to a better understanding and appreciation of artistic expressions. This paper examines possible ways in which the creative potential of people with dementia can be explored through meaningful artistic engagement with sculpture-making processes. A study was conducted involving seven participants diagnosed with the early stages of dementia who engaged and experimented with different types of sculpture-making processes, from clay and papier mâché to virtual and digital sculptures...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782586/reflective-practices-at-the-security-council-children-and-armed-conflict-and-the-three-united-nations
#3
Ingvild Bode
The United Nations Security Council passed its first resolution on children in armed conflict in 1999, making it one of the oldest examples of Security Council engagement with a thematic mandate and leading to the creation of a dedicated working group in 2005. Existing theoretical accounts of the Security Council cannot account for the developing substance of the children and armed conflict agenda as they are macro-oriented and focus exclusively on states. I argue that Security Council decision-making on thematic mandates is a productive process whose outcomes are created by and through practices of actors across the three United Nations: member states (the first United Nations), United Nations officials (the second United Nations) and non-governmental organizations (the third United Nations)...
June 2018: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781963/comorbidities-and-mobility-in-lower-limb-prosthesis-users
#4
Shane R Wurdeman, Phillip M Stevens, James H Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of comorbidities on mobility in patients with lower limb prostheses. DESIGN: Cohort database chart review examining mobility in lower limb prosthesis users grouped according to comorbidities. Regression models were used to determine significant predictor comorbidities for mobility. General linear univariate models were implemented to investigate differences in mobility among cohorts (n=596). RESULTS: Patient age and history of stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and anxiety/panic disorders were predictors of decreased mobility...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781829/comparison-of-adults-with-polyarticular-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-to-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-clinical-features-and-medication-use
#5
Danielle M Feger, Nicholas Longson, Hiranda Dodanwala, Barbara E Ostrov, Nancy J Olsen, Rayford R June
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Many individuals with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) have persistent disease into adulthood. Polyarticular JIA (pJIA) is often mislabeled as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adult rheumatology clinics, and treatment for adult pJIA patients is not well defined. We aimed to describe clinical features and medication use in the adult pJIA population in relation to an RA control cohort. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 45 adults with pJIA and 94 with RA seen from 2013 to 2017...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771789/raltegravir-1200-mg-once-daily-vs-400-mg-twice-daily-with-emtricitabine-and-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-for-previously-untreated-hiv-1-infection-week-96-results-from-oncemrk-a-randomized-double-blind-non-inferiority-trial
#6
Pedro Cahn, Paul E Sax, Kathleen Squires, Jean-Michel Molina, Winai Ratanasuwan, Mohammed Rassool, Mark Bloch, Xia Xu, Yan Zhou, Brenda Homony, Deborah Hepler, Hedy Teppler, George J Hanna, Bach-Yen Nguyen, Wayne Greaves
BACKGROUND: Raltegravir 1200mg (2x600mg tablets) once daily (QD) demonstrated non-inferior efficacy and similar safety to raltegravir 400mg BID at Week 48 of the ONCEMRK trial. Here we report the Week 96 results from this study. METHODS: ONCEMRK is a phase 3, multicenter, double-blind, non-inferiority trial comparing raltegravir 1200mg QD to raltegravir 400mg BID in treatment-naïve HIV-1-infected adults. Participants were assigned (2:1) to raltegravir 2x600mg QD or 400mg BID, both with emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC/TDF) for 96 weeks...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762261/a-retrospective-study-of-the-clinical-features-in-papillary-thyroid-microcarcinoma-depending-on-age
#7
Xuan Wang, Jian Tan, Wei Zheng, Ning Li
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and correlation of neck lymph node involvement of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) according to patients' age. We divided the patients into three groups according to age: young group (<45 years, n=83), middle group (45-54 years, n=80), and old group (≥55 years, n=53). The clinical features among the different groups were analyzed retrospectively. All of the 216 patients had received radioiodine ablation at least one time. Among these, 84 patients had central lymph node metastasis (CLNM), 11 patients had lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM), and 26 patients had both CLNM and LLNM...
May 14, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761854/parenting-adolescents-with-asd-a-multimethod-study
#8
Lotte van Esch, Steven Vanmarcke, Eva Ceulemans, Karla Van Leeuwen, Ilse Noens
A number of studies have concluded that parents of children with ASD experience high levels of parenting stress. However, little is known about their parenting behaviors. Especially few studies investigated parenting in adolescence, although this period is associated with additional challenges for both adolescents and their parents. In the present study, a multi-method approach was used, combining data from a self-report questionnaire and observation of mother-child interactions during different semi-structured (e...
May 15, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760581/educational-program-for-middle-level-public-health-nurses-to-develop-new-health-services-regarding-community-health-needs-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Kyoko Yoshioka-Maeda, Takafumi Katayama, Misa Shiomi, Noriko Hosoya
Background: Developing health services is a key strategy for improving the community health provided by public health nurses. However, an effective educational program for improving their skills in planning such services has not been developed. To describe our program and its evaluation protocol for the education of middle-level public health nurses to improve their skills in developing new health services to fulfil community health needs in Japan. Methods: In this randomized control trial, eligible participants in Japan will be randomly allocated to an intervention group and a control wait-list group...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757869/end-of-life-care-for-patients-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer-is-aggressive-despite-hospice-intervention-a-population-based-study
#10
Jui-Kun Chiang, Chun-Shuo Hsu, Chih-Wen Lin, Yee-Hsin Kao
OBJECTIVE: To date, few studies have examined end-of-life (EOL) care and healthcare costs for patients with ovarian cancer. We evaluated the effects of hospice care on the quality of EOL care and healthcare costs for patients with ovarian cancer in the final month of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based study and analyzed data from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, which contains claims information for medical records of patients, healthcare costs, and insurance system exit dates: our proxy for death between 1997 and 2011...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755051/investing-in-gulfport-development-of-an-academic-community-partnership-to-address-health-disparities
#11
Danielle Fastring, Susan Mayfield-Johnson, Tanya Funchess, Julie Egressy, Greg Wilson
BACKGROUND: Invest Health, a collaboration between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Reinvestment Fund, selected 50 midsized cities to participate in a health initiative that encourages cross-sector alliances to think creatively about mechanisms that address barriers to reducing health disparities among low-income populations. Gulfport, Mississippi, was 1 of 50 teams chosen to participate. OBJECTIVE: To develop an academic-community partnership among the University of Southern Mississippi, Coastal Family Health Center (CFHC), Mercy Housing and Human Development (MHHD), the Mississippi State Department of Health Office of Health Disparity Elimination, and Gulfport residents to create the Healthy Gulfport Initiative, and, ultimately, the Gulf Coast Healthy Communities Collaborative (GCHCC)...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746406/hemi-temporal-internal-limiting-membrane-peeling-is-as-effective-and-safe-as-conventional-full-peeling-for-macular-hole-surgery
#12
Akira Shiono, Jiro Kogo, Hiroki Sasaki, Ryo Yomoda, Tatsuya Jujo, Naoto Tokuda, Yasushi Kitaoka, Hitoshi Takagi
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of hemi-temporal internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling for idiopathic macular hole. METHODS: The medical records of patients with macular holes who had undergone vitrectomy with ILM peeling were studied. Forty-two eyes with macular hole were divided into 2 groups based on surgical procedure (hemi-temporal ILM peeling [hemi group]: 15 eyes; 360° ILM peeling [360° group]: 27 eyes). The closure rates and distances between the optic disc and the intersection of two retinal vessels most closely located nasally or temporally to the macular hole were compared...
May 9, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746370/long-term-concentrations-of-nitrogen-dioxide-and-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#13
R W Atkinson, B K Butland, H R Anderson, R L Maynard
BACKGROUND: Concentrations of outdoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2) have been associated with increased mortality. Hazard ratios (HRs) from cohort studies are used to assess population health impact and burden. We undertook meta-analyses to derive concentration-response functions suitable for such evaluations and assessed their sensitivity to study selection based upon cohort characteristics. METHODS: We searched online databases and existing reviews for cohort studies published to October 2016 reporting HRs for NO2 and mortality...
May 8, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746269/fathers-stress-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#14
Betty Noergaard, Jette Ammentorp, Ester Garne, Jesper Fenger-Gron, Poul-Erik Kofoed
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) tend to focus attention on the mothers and the newborn infants. Thus, fathers may find it difficult to establish an optimal father-child relationship and their stress may increase and persist during hospitalization. PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of a more father-friendly NICU on paternal stress and their participation in childcare. METHODS: A quasiexperimental design was conducted on Danish-speaking fathers of newborn infants 28 or more weeks' gestational age...
May 9, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742550/self-tracking-of-physical-activity-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Thea J M Kooiman, Martijn de Groot, Klaas Hoogenberg, Wim P Krijnen, Cees P van der Schans, Adriaan Kooy
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of an online self-tracking program on physical activity, glycated hemoglobin, and other health measures in patients with type 2 diabetes. Seventy-two patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group. All participants received usual care. The intervention group received an activity tracker (Fitbit Zip) connected to an online lifestyle program. Physical activity was analyzed in average steps per day from week 0 until 12...
May 4, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740367/problem-space-matters-evaluation-of-a-german-enrichment-program-for-gifted-children
#16
Marisete M Welter, Saskia Jaarsveld, Thomas Lachmann
We studied the development of cognitive abilities related to intelligence and creativity ( N = 48, 6-10 years old), using a longitudinal design (over one school year), in order to evaluate an Enrichment Program for gifted primary school children initiated by the government of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate ( Entdeckertag Rheinland Pfalz , Germany; ET; Day of Discoverers). A group of German primary school children ( N = 24), identified earlier as intellectually gifted and selected to join the ET program was compared to a gender-, class- and IQ- matched group of control children that did not participate in this program...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740300/spectral-spatial-differentiation-of-brain-activity-during-mental-imagery-of-improvisational-music-performance-using-meg
#17
Jared Boasen, Yuya Takeshita, Shinya Kuriki, Koichi Yokosawa
Group musical improvisation is thought to be akin to conversation, and therapeutically has been shown to be effective at improving communicativeness, sociability, creative expression, and overall psychological health. To understand these therapeutic effects, clarifying the nature of brain activity during improvisational cognition is important. Some insight regarding brain activity during improvisational music cognition has been gained via functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738416/design-and-protocol-of-estrogenic-regulation-of-muscle-apoptosis-erma-study-with-47-to-55-year-old-women-s-cohort-novel-results-show-menopause-related-differences-in-blood-count
#18
Vuokko Kovanen, Pauliina Aukee, Katja Kokko, Taija Finni, Ina M Tarkka, Tuija Tammelin, Urho M Kujala, Sarianna Sipilä, Eija K Laakkonen
OBJECTIVE: The multidisciplinary Estrogenic Regulation of Muscle Apoptosis (ERMA) study was designed to reveal how hormonal differences over the menopausal stages affect the physiological and psychological functioning of middle-aged women. This paper describes the protocol and nonrespondent analysis of ERMA and novel findings on menopausal differences in blood count variables and their association with female sex hormones. METHODS: Women aged 47 to 55 years were assigned to pre, early peri, late peri, and postmenopausal groups based on follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and bleeding diary...
May 7, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738353/spleen-stiffness-differentiates-between-acute-and-chronic-liver-damage-and-predicts-hepatic-decompensation
#19
Phil Meister, Alexander Dechêne, Matthias Büchter, Julia Kälsch, Guido Gerken, Ali Canbay, Christoph Jochum
OBJECTIVES: Spleen stiffness (SS) correlates with liver stiffness (LS) and hepatic venous pressure gradient. The latter is currently the most accurate predictor of hepatic decompensation. Our study aims to check whether SS has a similar predictive capability, while being an easy-to-perform noninvasive test in a real-life patient cohort. METHODS: Concomitantly, 210 successive patients were examined and received liver and SS measurements and a standard laboratory...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734208/improved-lung-recruitment-and-oxygenation-during-mandatory-ventilation-with-a-new-expiratory-ventilation-assistance-device-a-controlled-interventional-trial-in-healthy-pigs
#20
Johannes Schmidt, Christin Wenzel, Marlene Mahn, Sashko Spassov, Heidi Cristina Schmitz, Silke Borgmann, Ziwei Lin, Jörg Haberstroh, Stephan Meckel, Sebastian Eiden, Steffen Wirth, Hartmut Buerkle, Stefan Schumann
BACKGROUND: In contrast to conventional mandatory ventilation, a new ventilation mode, expiratory ventilation assistance (EVA), linearises the expiratory tracheal pressure decline. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesised that due to a recruiting effect, linearised expiration oxygenates better than volume controlled ventilation (VCV). We compared the EVA with VCV mode with regard to gas exchange, ventilation volumes and pressures and lung aeration in a model of peri-operative mandatory ventilation in healthy pigs...
May 4, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
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