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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140984/an-observational-study-on-sport-induced-modulation-of-negative-attitude-towards-disability
#1
Giovanni Ottoboni, Melissa Milani, Annalisa Setti, Andrea Ceciliani, Rabih Chattat, Alessia Tessari
The present study investigates whether sport activities involving children with a disability can reduce negative attitudes towards disability in children without disability. We compared the effect of being schoolmate or member of the same football team whereby a child with disability was member of the class/team or not. This lead to four groups that were assessed both at the beginning and at the end of the school year. Two measures were collected: an ad-hoc questionnaire and an Implicit Association Test. The two assessments were designed to measure explicit and implicit attitudes towards children with disabilities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140900/associations-between-bmi-change-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-retired-football-players
#2
Eric T Trexler, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, J D DeFreese, Stephen W Marshall, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Zachary Y Kerr
PURPOSE: Elevated rates of cardiometabolic diseases have been observed in former American football players. The current study sought to determine if change in body mass index (ΔBMI) following retirement influences the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes, or high blood pressure (HBP) in former professional football players. METHODS: Retired professional football players (n=3,729) were sent a survey with questions regarding health status, playing history, and demographic information...
November 14, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140162/eight-week-return-to-play-following-latarjet-shoulder-reconstruction-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#3
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Ken Withers, William Breidahl, Jonathon Charlesworth
INTRODUCTION: Anterior shoulder dislocations are a common injury in many sports resulting in extended time lost from play with an extremely high recurrence rate in young athletes playing high risk sport. Latarjet shoulder reconstruction is a common surgical procedure used to prevent subsequent dislocation with an expected rehabilitation timeframe of between four to six months before return to play. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced two left sided shoulder dislocations before undergoing a left Latarjet shoulder reconstruction...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140129/calling-injury-timeouts-for-the-medical-evaluation-of-concussion-determinants-of-collegiate-football-officials-behavior
#4
Emily Kroshus, John Parsons, Brian Hainline
CONTEXT:   Sports officials can play an important role in concussion safety by calling injury timeouts so that athletic trainers can evaluate athletes with possible concussions. Understanding the determinants of whether officials call an injury timeout when they suspect a concussion has important implications for the design of interventions that better support officials in this role. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the knowledge of US collegiate football officials about concussion symptoms and to determine the associations between knowledge, perceived injunctive norms, and self-efficacy and calling injury timeouts for suspected concussions in athletes...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136240/postmortem-autopsy-confirmation-of-antemortem-f-18-fddnp-pet-scans-in-a-football-player-with-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy
#5
Bennet Omalu, Gary W Small, Julian Bailes, Linda M Ercoli, David A Merrill, Koon-Pong Wong, Sung-Cheng Huang, Nagichettiar Satyamurthy, Jennifer L Hammers, John Lee, Robert P Fitzsimmons, Jorge R Barrio
Currently, only presumptive diagnosis of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) can be made in living patients. We present a modality that may be instrumental to the definitive diagnosis of CTE in living patients based on brain autopsy confirmation of [F-18]FDDNP-PET findings in an American football player with CTE. [F-18]FDDNP-PET imaging was performed 52 mo before the subject's death. Relative distribution volume parametric images and binding values were determined for cortical and subcortical regions of interest...
November 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135635/acute-occlusion-of-brachial-artery-caused-by-blunt-trauma-in-football-player-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
John Chan, David Han, Robert A Gallo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132269/correlation-of-concussion-symptom-profile-with-head-impact-biomechanics-a-case-for-individual-specific-injury-tolerance
#7
Steven Rowson, Stefan M Duma, Brian D Stemper, Alok S Shah, Jason Mihalik, Jaroslaw Harezlak, Larry D Riggen, Christopher C Giza, John DiFiori, Alison Brooks, Kevin K Guskiewicz, Darren Campbell, Jerry McGinty, Steve Svoboda, Ken Cameron, Steven P Broglio, Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea
Concussion is a brain injury induced by biomechanical forces that is broadly defined as a complex pathophysiological process affecting the brain. The intricate link between biomechanical input and concussion injury response is poorly understood. We aimed to test the hypothesis that greater biomechanical forces would result in the presentation of more concussion-related symptoms that would take longer to resolve. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between an array of biomechanical parameters measured for concussive impacts and the presentation and resolution of concussion symptoms...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132263/movement-pattern-and-physiological-response-in-recreational-small-sided-football-effect-of-number-of-players-with-a-fixed-pitch-size
#8
Morten B Randers, Christina Ørntoft, Marie Hagman, Jens J Nielsen, Peter Krustrup
Recreational soccer is an effective health-promoting activity, but it is unclear how different game formats influence internal and external load. Thus, to be able to advise how to maximise the outcome of recreational football, we examined movement pattern and physiological response in 11 untrained men (32.6 ± 6.7 yrs, 23.3 ± 4.9 fat%, 43.4 ± 5.3 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1)) during three football sessions comprising 4 × 12 min of 3v3, 5v5 or 7v7 with a constant pitch size of 20 × 40 m. Movement pattern, heart rate (HR), blood lactate and RPE were measured during and after the 12-min periods...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130710/body-fat-percentage-comparisons-between-four-methods-in-young-football-players-are-they-comparable
#9
Gabriel Lozano Berges, Ángel Matute Llorente, Alejandro Gómez Bruton, Alejandro González Agüero, German Vicente Rodríguez, José Antonio Casajús
INTRODUCTION: Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), air displacement plethysmography (ADP), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and anthropometry are four body composition methods that have been frequently used for the assessment of body fat percentage (%BF) in athletes. However, the agreement between these methods has not been studied yet in adolescent football players. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare %BF calculated by DXA, ADP, BIA and anthropometry in 92 participants...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130575/a-prospective-investigation-to-evaluate-risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-injury-risk-in-male-youth-soccer-players
#10
Paul J Read, Jon L Oliver, Mark B A De Ste Croix, Gregory D Myer, Rhodri S Lloyd
There is an inherent risk of injury in male youth football; however, pertinent risk factors for injury have yet to be examined. This study used a prospective cohort design with 357 elite male youth football players (aged 10-18 years) assessed during the pre-season period and then monitored during the season recording all non-contact lower extremity injuries. Screening tests included: single leg hop for distance (SLHD); 75% of maximum hop and stick (75%Hop); single leg countermovement jump (SLCMJ); and the tuck jump assessment (TJ)...
November 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130536/adoption-and-use-of-an-injury-prevention-exercise-programme-in-female-football-a-qualitative-study-among-coaches
#11
H Lindblom, S Carlfjord, M Hägglund
This study focuses on an injury prevention exercise programme (IPEP), Knee Control, which has been shown to reduce the incidence of acute knee injury in female adolescent football players. The aim was to explore the factors influencing coaches' adoption and use of Knee Control within female football in Sweden. This was a qualitative study involving interviews with 20 strategically selected coaches for female football teams, predominantly adolescent teams. The semi-structured interview guide was influenced by the Health Belief Model, and an ecological perspective was adopted during the interviews...
November 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127329/urban-seismology-on-the-origin-of-earth-vibrations-within-a-city
#12
Jordi Díaz, Mario Ruiz, Pilar S Sánchez-Pastor, Paula Romero
Urban seismology has become an active research field in the recent years, both with seismological objectives, as obtaining better microzonation maps in highly populated areas, and with engineering objectives, as the monitoring of traffic or the surveying of historical buildings. We analyze here the seismic records obtained by a broad-band seismic station installed in the ICTJA-CSIC institute, located near the center of Barcelona city. Although this station was installed to introduce visitors to earth science during science fairs and other dissemination events, the analysis of the data has allowed to infer results of interest for the scientific community...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126659/phases-of-match-play-in-professional-australian-football-descriptive-analysis-and-reliability-assessment
#13
Michael J Rennie, Mark L Watsford, Robert W Spurrs, Stephen J Kelly, Matthew J Pine
OBJECTIVES: To examine the frequency and time spent in the phases of Australian Football (AF) match-play and to assess the intra-assessor reliability of coding these phases of match-play. DESIGN: Observational, intra-reliability assessment. METHODS: Video footage of 10 random quarters of AF match-play were coded by a single researcher. Phases of offence, defence, contested play, umpire stoppage, set shot and goal reset were coded using a set of operational definitions...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125217/an-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-fifa-world-cup-on-soccer-emergency-department-injuries-among-montreal-adolescents
#14
Glenn Keays, Debbie Friedman, Marianne Beaudin, Isabelle Gagnon
AIM: The 'trickle-down effect', or how major sports events have a positive impact on sports participation, has been the subject of many studies, but none produced conclusive results. We took a different approach and rather than look at sports participation, we used injuries as a proxy and see if injuries increased, or remained the same, after the International Federation of Association Football World Cup. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort design, we looked at the injuries suffered by males and females (13-16 years old) while playing team sports in Montreal, that occurred in May to July, from 1999 to 2014...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122846/is-big-truly-bad-aortic-dilation-in-former-national-football-league-players
#15
EDITORIAL
Timothy W Churchill, Aaron L Baggish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122845/ascending-aortic-dimensions-in-former-national-football-league-athletes
#16
James L Gentry, David Carruthers, Parag H Joshi, Christopher D Maroules, Colby R Ayers, James A de Lemos, Philip Aagaard, Rory Hachamovitch, Milind Y Desai, Eric E Roselli, Reginald E Dunn, Kezia Alexander, Andrew E Lincoln, Andrew M Tucker, Dermot M Phelan
BACKGROUND: Ascending aortic dimensions are slightly larger in young competitive athletes compared with sedentary controls, but rarely >40 mm. Whether this finding translates to aortic enlargement in older, former athletes is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: This cross-sectional study involved a sample of 206 former National Football League (NFL) athletes compared with 759 male subjects from the DHS-2 (Dallas Heart Study-2; mean age of 57.1 and 53.6 years, respectively, P<0...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120985/the-influence-of-team-rating-on-running-performance-in-elite-gaelic-football
#17
Shane Mangan, Shane Malone, Martin Ryan, Jason Mc Gahan, Joe Warne, Denise Martin, Cian O'Neill, Con Burns, Kieran Collins
It is currently unknown how team rating influences running performance in Gaelic football. GPS technologies were used to quantify match-running performance within 5 elite Gaelic football teams over a period of 5 years (2012-2016). In total 780 player data sets were collected over 95 matches. Running performance variables included total distance, high-speed distance (≥17 km h) and the percentage of high-speed distance. Team ratings were determined objectively using the Elo Ratings System for Gaelic football...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120982/total-and-segmental-body-composition-examination-in-collegiate-football-players-using-multifrequency-bia-and-dxa
#18
Christiana J Raymond, Donald R Dengel, Tyler A Bosch
The current study examined the influence of player position on the agreement between multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MfBIA) and dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) when assessing total and segmental percent body fat (BF%), fat mass (FM), and fat-free mass (FFM) in NCAA Division I collegiate football athletes. Forty-four male collegiate athletes (age=19±1 yrs; height=1.9±1.0 m; weight=106.4±18.8 kg) participated. Player positions included: offensive linemen (OL; n=7), tight ends (TE; n=4), wide receivers (WR; n=9), defensive linemen (DL; n=6), defensive backs (DB; n=8), linebackers (LB; n=6), and running backs (RB; n=4)...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119124/spanish-consensus-statement-clinical-management-and-treatment-of-tendinopathies-in-sport
#19
Tomas Fernandez-Jaén, Guillermo Álvarez Rey, Francisco Angulo, Jordi Ardevol Cuesta, Rafael Arriaza Loureda, Fernando Ávila España, Juan Ayala, Ramón Balius Matas, Fernando Baró Pazos, Juan de Dios Beas Jiménez, Jorge Candel Rosell, César Cobián Fernandez, Mª Del Pilar Doñoro Cuevas, Francisco Esparza Ros, Josefina Espejo Colmenero, Jorge Fernández de Prado, Juan José García Cota, Jose Ignacio Garrido González, Carlos Gonzalez de Vega, Manuela González Santander, Miguel Ángel Herrador Munilla, Francisco Ivorra Ruiz, Fernando Jiménez Díaz, Antonio Maestro Fernandez, Pedro Manonelles Marqueta, Juan José Muñoz Benito, Ramón Olivé Vilás, Carles Pedret, Xavier Peirau Teres, José Peña Amaro, Jordi Puigdellivoll Grifell, Juan Pérez San Roque, Christophe Ramírez Parenteu, Juan Ribas Serna, Gil Rodas Font, Mikel Sánchez Álvarez, Carlos Sanchez Marchori, Lluis Til Perez, Rosario Ureña Durán, Miguel Del Valle Soto, José María Villalón Alonso, Pedro Guillen García
On October 15, 2016, experts met at Clínica CEMTRO in Madrid, Spain, under the patronage of the Spanish Society for Sports Traumatology (SETRADE), the Spanish Society of Sports Medicine (SEMED), the Spanish Association of Medical Services for Football Clubs (AEMEF), the Spanish Association of Medical Services for Basketball Clubs (AEMB), F.C. Barcelona, and Clínica CEMTRO. The purpose was to consider the most appropriate clinical management and treatment of tendinopathies in sports, based on proven scientific data described in the medical literature as well as on each expert's experience...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117452/influence-of-population-size-density-and-proximity-to-talent-clubs-on-the-likelihood-of-becoming-elite-youth-athlete
#20
Niels N Rossing, Diana Stentoft, Alexander Flattum, Jean Côté, Dan S Karbing
Previous studies have found significant differences in the likelihood of becoming an elite athlete depending on community population sizes and densities, an effect known as the place of early development, or birthplace effect. However, the results have not been consistent between sports or European countries. Since both professional and voluntary clubs are vital to the talent development systems in Europe, the proximity of an athlete's place of early development to the location of talent clubs may be an important predictor of the likelihood of becoming an elite athlete...
November 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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