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Mark Jeffery, Brigid E Hickey, Phil N Hider, Adrienne M See
BACKGROUND: It is common clinical practice to follow patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) for several years following their curative surgery or adjuvant therapy, or both. Despite this widespread practice, there is considerable controversy about how often patients should be seen, what tests should be performed, and whether these varying strategies have any significant impact on patient outcomes. This is the second update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2002 and first updated in 2007...
November 24, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Wattana Sukeepaisalncharoen, Udomlack Peansukwech, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
OBJECTIVE: To find additional factors suggestive of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the general population by using data from a hepatitis virus survey. METHODS: This study collected data of HCV infection from a hepatitis virus survey. The survey was conducted in 13 provinces in the northeast Thailand in 2014 and 2015. During the survey, a blood test was performed to screen for HCV. A questionnaire was also distributed to all participants asking about baseline characteristics, risk factors for HCV infection, and daily life activities...
October 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Zsuzsa Győrffy, Zsuzsanna Szél, Edmond Girasek
INTRODUCTION: The aging population and the aging physician society is an important challenge of the New Millenium. Despite this, very few publications are dealing with the older generations' physical and mental well-being, quality of life and working conditions. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the retired physicians populations' (n = 2112) demographic data, work status, income and health status. METHOD: Data of this representative, cross-sectional epidemiological study was obtained from online and paper-based questionnaires completed by 2112 retired physicians...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Dam Kim, Jeongim Choi, Soo-Kyung Cho, Chan-Bum Choi, Tae-Hwan Kim, Jae-Bum Jun, Dae-Hyun Yoo, Sang-Cheol Bae, Yoon-Kyoung Sung
OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical characteristics of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) compared to other types of acute diffuse lung infiltration in SLE patients, and the factors associated with mortality in these patients. METHODS: We studied a retrospective cohort including SLE patients with acute diffuse lung infiltration on thoracic CT between January 2004 and August 2014. We divided them into 2 groups, a DAH and a non-DAH group, and compared the clinical characteristics and outcomes in the 2 groups...
September 14, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Ariel V Dowling, Valerie Eberly, Somboon Maneekobkunwong, Sara J Mulroy, Philip S Requejo, Joseph T Gwin
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of a device for monitoring pressure relief maneuvers and physical activity for wheelchair users. The device counts the number of wheel-pushes based on wheelchair acceleration and measures pressure relief maneuvers using a seat-sensor consisting of three force sensing resistors. To establish the feasibility of the seat-sensor for the detection of pressure relief maneuvers, ten wheelchair users and ten non-disabled controls completed a series of wheelchair depression raises, forward trunk leans, and lateral trunk leans...
September 29, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Utaroh Motosugi, Tomoaki Ichikawa, Katsuhiro Sano, Hiroshi Onishi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine the effects of dehydration and oral rehydration on the incidence of acute adverse reactions to iodinated contrast media administered during abdominal and pelvic CT in outpatients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: For our prospective randomized study performed at a single institution, adult outpatients undergoing contrast-enhanced abdominal CT were randomly divided into a rehydration group (n = 2244 patients [1379 men and 865 women]; mean age, 65...
November 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
C Y Li, Y J Ren, Y D Li
SNX-2112 is a potential molecular targeted therapeutic drug against esophageal cancer (EC). However, its exact mechanism of action remains to be explained. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of SNX-2112 on excision repair cross- complementing 1 (ERCC1), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and p53, to elucidate the mechanism of action of SNX-2112 on EC. Fresh tumor sections were surgically obtained from 65 patients with EC, and the expression of ERCC1, EGFR, and p53 was determined by immunohistochemical staining...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Joyan Urda, Jeffrey Lynn, Beth Larouere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Yunjun Cao, Shujun Hu, Min Yu, Tingting Wang, Shiming Huang, Shishen Yan, Mingchun Xu
The charge state of Au clusters deposited on rutile TiO2(110) single crystal surfaces was studied by UHV-FTIRS using CO as a probe. The as-deposited Au clusters on oxidized TiO2(110) surfaces are electrically neutral and are identified by the 2105-2112 cm(-1) vibrational frequency of adsorbed CO depending on Au coverage. Annealing Au/TiO2(110) in a moderate O2 atmosphere at 400 K blue shifts the CO vibrational frequency by only 2-3 cm(-1) both on bare TiO2(110) surfaces and on Au clusters. However, NO exposure blue shifts the CO vibrational frequency by 16-26 cm(-1) for CO adsorbed on Au atoms near the interface and by 3-4 cm(-1) for CO adsorbed on top of Au clusters...
July 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Lixia Zheng, Shao Wu, Li Tan, Huo Tan, Baodan Yu
Delivery of amphiphobic drugs (insoluble in both water and oil) has been a great challenge in drug delivery. SNX-2112, a novel inhibitor of Hsp90, is a promising drug candidate for treating various types of cancers; however, the insolubility greatly limits its clinical application. This study aimed to build a new type of drug delivery system using single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) for controllable release of SNX-2112; chitosan (CHI) was non-covalently added to SWNTs to improve their biocompatibility. SWNTs-CHI demonstrated high drug-loading capability; the release of SNX-2112 was pH triggered and time related...
September 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Stefano Cristallini, Maya Hites, Hakim Kabtouri, Jason A Roberts, Marjorie Beumier, Frederic Cotton, Jeffrey Lipman, Frédérique Jacobs, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jacques Creteur, Fabio Silvio Taccone
Despite the development of new agents with activity against Gram-positive bacteria, vancomycin remains one of the primary antibiotics for critically ill septic patients. Because sepsis can alter antimicrobial pharmacokinetics, the development of an appropriate dosing strategy to provide adequate concentrations is crucial. The aim of this study was to prospectively validate a new dosing regimen of vancomycin given by continuous infusion (CI) to septic patients. We included all adult septic patients admitted to a mixed intensive care unit (ICU) between January 2012 and May 2013, who were treated with a new vancomycin CI regimen consisting of a loading dose of 35 mg/kg of body weight given as a 4-h infusion, followed by a daily CI dose adapted to creatinine clearance (CrCL), as estimated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula (median dose, 2,112 [1,500 to 2,838] mg)...
August 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Naruemon Bamrungsawad, Nilawan Upakdee, Chayanin Pratoomsoot, Rosarin Sruamsiri, Piyameth Dilokthornsakul, Supinya Dechanont, David Bin-Chia Wu, Charungthai Dejthevaporn, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been recommended for steroid-resistant chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). The treatment, however, is very costly to healthcare system, and there remains no evidence of its economic justifiability. This study aimed to conduct an economic evaluation (EE) of IVIG plus corticosteroids in steroid-resistant CIDP in Thailand. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed to estimate the lifetime costs and outcomes for IVIG plus corticosteroids in comparison with immunosuppressants plus corticosteroids in steroid-resistant CIDP patients from a societal perspective...
July 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
Frank T Wieringa, Prak Sophonneary, Sophie Whitney, Bunsoth Mao, Jacques Berger, Joel Conkle, Marjoleine A Dijkhuizen, Arnaud Laillou
Nearly half of women of reproductive age (WRA) in Cambodia are anemic. To guide interventions, national data on nutritional causes of anemia, including iron deficiency and vitamin A deficiency, are needed. In 2012, a national household survey in WRA on antibodies to routine vaccine-preventable disease immunity was performed. We used serum samples from this survey to estimate the prevalence of iron and vitamin A deficiency in 2112 Cambodian WRA, aged 15 to 39 years. Iron deficiency was classified as low or marginal iron stores (ferritin concentrations corrected for inflammation <15 μg/L and <50 μg/L respectively; Fer), iron deficient erythropoiesis (soluble transferrin receptor concentrations >8...
2016: Nutrients
C Mbae, E Mulinge, F Guleid, J Wainaina, A Waruru, Z K Njiru, S Kariuki
BACKGROUND: Giardia duodenalis is an important intestinal protozoan in humans worldwide with high infection rates occurring in densely populated and low resource settings. The parasite has been recorded to cause diarrhea in children. This study was carried out to identify G. duodenalis assemblages and sub-assemblages in children presenting with diarrhea in Kenya. METHODS: A total of 2112 faecal samples were collected from children aged ≤ 5 years and screened for the presence of Giardia cysts using microscopy...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Yue Xu, ShuiYang Xu, QingQing Wu, YuJie Guo
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were to assess the prevalence of household cigarette gifting and sharing, and to evaluate the relationship between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure, and cigarette gifting and sharing, in Zhejiang, China. DESIGN: A repeat cross-sectional design. SETTING: 10 sites in 5 cities in Zhejiang, China. PARTICIPANTS: Two surveys were conducted with adults in Zhejiang, China, in 2010 (N=2112) and 2012 (N=2279), respectively...
2016: BMJ Open
Kate F Willcutts, Mei C Chung, Cheryl L Erenberg, Kristen L Finn, Bruce D Schirmer, Laura D Byham-Gray
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of early oral feeding to traditional (or late) timing of oral feeding after upper gastrointestinal surgery on clinical outcomes. BACKGROUND: Early postoperative oral feeding is becoming more common, particularly as part of multimodal or fast-track protocols. However, concerns remain about the safety of early oral feeding after upper gastrointestinal surgery. METHODS: Comprehensive literature searches were conducted across 5 databases from January 1980 until June 2015 without language restriction...
July 2016: Annals of Surgery
Xiaoyan Sun, Yan Xie, Yufang Bi, Jianping Liu, Erick Amombo, Tao Hu, Jinmin Fu
Heat stress is a critical challenge to tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) in many areas of the globe and variations in genetic structure and functional traits is for the efficient breeding programs on developing heat tolerant cultivars. Tolerant-related morpho-physiological traits and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were employed to survey genetic diversity in greenhouse and growth chamber trials. 100 tall fescue accessions, including 8 commercial cultivars and 92 natural genotypes, showed a high variation in phenotypic performance under heat stress...
December 15, 2015: Scientific Reports
Ting Huyan, Qi Li, Dan-Dan Dong, Hui Yang, Jian Zhang, Qing-Sheng Huang, Da-Chuan Yin, Peng Shang
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a ubiquitously expressed ATP-dependent molecular chaperone across all species that helps to the correct the folding of many proteins related to important signaling pathways. Tumor cells expressing Hsp90 have more ATP-binding affinity than normal cells. Many correlative inhibitors have been developed to promising anti-tumor strategies and have been evaluated in clinical trials. However, the effect of Hsp90 inhibitors on immunocytes cannot be ignored. Natural killer (NK) cells are key components of the innate immune system that play a pivotal role in tumor surveillance...
2016: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Varsha H Rallapalli, Joshua M Alexander
The Neural-Scaled Entropy (NSE) model quantifies information in the speech signal that has been altered beyond simple gain adjustments by sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and various signal processing. An extension of Cochlear-Scaled Entropy (CSE) [Stilp, Kiefte, Alexander, and Kluender (2010). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 128(4), 2112-2126], NSE quantifies information as the change in 1-ms neural firing patterns across frequency. To evaluate the model, data from a study that examined nonlinear frequency compression (NFC) in listeners with SNHL were used because NFC can recode the same input information in multiple ways in the output, resulting in different outcomes for different speech classes...
November 2015: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Rena Ohara, Mana Obata-Yasuoka, Kanako Abe, Hiroya Yagi, Hiromi Hamada, Hiroyuki Yoshikawa
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effect of starvation due to hyperemesis gravidarum on the screening of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of pregnant women who delivered at Tsukuba University Hospital, Japan, between October 1, 2010, and September 30, 2013. GDM screening was performed in the first trimester using the random blood glucose test with a cutoff value of 5.2mmol/L and in the second trimester using a 50-g glucose challenge test with a cutoff value of 7...
February 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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